CN108734878A - Electric vehicle intelligently goes back vehicle control - Google Patents

Electric vehicle intelligently goes back vehicle control Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108734878A
CN108734878A CN201710241752.0A CN201710241752A CN108734878A CN 108734878 A CN108734878 A CN 108734878A CN 201710241752 A CN201710241752 A CN 201710241752A CN 108734878 A CN108734878 A CN 108734878A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
charging
car
vehicle
battery
holes
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710241752.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108734878B (en
Inventor
蒋阳川
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Xuanyuexing Electric Automobile Service Co Ltd
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Ningbo Xuanyuexing Electric Automobile Service Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710241752.0A priority Critical patent/CN108734878B/en
Publication of CN108734878A publication Critical patent/CN108734878A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108734878B publication Critical patent/CN108734878B/en
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • G07F17/0057Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects for the hiring or rent of vehicles, e.g. cars, bicycles or wheelchairs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0645Rental, i.e. leasing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses electric vehicles intelligently to go back vehicle control, is related to electric vehicle and returns the car processing technology field, which returns the car easy to use, safety and reliability height of returning the car, and intelligence degree is high.Lease platform including electric vehicle and the charging pile for electric vehicle charging, are equipped with vehicle end access device of returning the car in the charging jacks with electric automobile;Abnormal knee of going back is respectively equipped on the charging gun of charging pile to terminate into device and normal go back knee and terminate into device;It is normal go back knee terminate into device control terminal and it is abnormal go back knee terminate into device control terminal respectively with lease Platform communication and connect;And when charging gun is inserted in charging jacks; if it is normally returning the car, leasing platform can be terminated by normally going back knee into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car, and be returned the car if it is abnormal, and leasing platform can be terminated by abnormal knee of going back into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car.

Description

Electric vehicle intelligently goes back vehicle control
Technical field
It returns the car processing technology field the present invention relates to electric vehicle, and in particular to electric vehicle intelligently goes back vehicle control.
Background technology
At present electric vehicle return the car usually user electric vehicle reach as defined in return the car place, using what is manually registered Mode is returned the car, and use is very inconvenient.Therefore, design is a kind of to be just very necessary by the system that user voluntarily returns the car.
Invention content
The present invention is returned the car above shortcomings to solve existing electric vehicle, is provided electric vehicle and is intelligently returned the car control System processed, the system are returned the car easy to use, and safety and reliability height of returning the car, intelligence degree is high, in charging pile by water submerged When can actively cut off the incoming power of charging pile.
The above technical problem is solved by following technical proposal:
Electric vehicle intelligently goes back vehicle control, including the lease platform of electric vehicle and the charging for electric vehicle charging Stake is equipped with vehicle end access device of returning the car in the charging jacks with electric automobile;It is set respectively on the charging gun of charging pile The promising abnormal exception returned the car and can match connection with vehicle end access device of returning the car of electric vehicle offer is gone back knee and is terminated into device It normal return the car with being provided for electric vehicle and can match normally going back knee and terminating into device for connection with vehicle end access device of returning the car; It is normal go back knee terminate into device control terminal and it is abnormal go back knee terminate into device control terminal respectively with lease Platform communication Connection;And when charging gun is inserted in charging jacks, if it is normally returning the car, leasing platform can be by normally going back knee End access device and vehicle end access device of returning the car communicate to connect, and return the car if it is abnormal, and knee can be gone back by abnormal by leasing platform End access device and vehicle end access device of returning the car communicate to connect;The entire car controller of electric vehicle and vehicle end access device of returning the car connect It connects, the door control module of electric vehicle is connected with entire car controller.
The place of returning the car of this programme returns the car in charging station and can conveniently charge for electric vehicle in electric automobile charging station, It also allows for carrying out unified centralized management to electric vehicle.When returning the car, need user that vehicle is reached electric automobile charging station, user Charging gun is inserted into the charging jacks of electric vehicle, platform is leased if it can normally return the car can be by normally going back knee end Access device allows client normally to be returned the car with vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car.It is flat if there is abnormal then lease of returning the car Platform can by it is abnormal go back knee and terminate allow client return the car extremely into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car.This is System devise it is normal returns the car and abnormal two sets of schemes of returning the car of returning the car, allow the system to return the car easy to use, the safety and reliable of returning the car Property it is high, intelligence degree is high, and the incoming power of charging pile can be actively cut off when charging pile is by water submerged.
Preferably, charging gun includes inserting column, column bottom half-via is equipped with straight up on the lower face of inserting column, at column bottom It is equipped with the cylinder of telescopic rod downwards in half-via, an end charging plug is fixed on the telescopic rod lower face of cylinder; It is equipped with the strut that diameter is less than column bottom half-via diameter straight up in the charging jacks of electric vehicle, it is solid on the top of strut Fixed be equipped with can match the vehicle end charging socket being conductively connected with stake end charging plug;The control terminal of cylinder is connect with lease platform.
This programme controls the flexible of Telescopic-cylinder bar by leasing platform, different with being used when cannot not normally return the car to realize It often returns the car, substantially increases the reliability, convenience and safety returned the car, intelligence degree is high.
Preferably, it includes that normal knee end of going back communicates conducting interface and No.1 electronics normally to go back knee and terminate into device Lock;It includes that abnormal knee end of going back communicates conducting interface and No. two electronic locks that exception, which is gone back knee and terminated into device,;Vehicle of returning the car terminate into Device include can respectively with normally go back knee end communication conducting interface and it is abnormal go back the communication of knee end interface signal be connected connect Interface is connected in vehicle end communication of returning the car;It is equipped at intervals with No.1 hole, No. three holes, No. four holes successively from the bottom up on the lateral wall of inserting column With No. six holes, and No. three holes are located at the surface in No.1 hole, and No. six holes are located at the surface in No. four holes;In filling for electric vehicle Vertical hole wall is equipped with No. two holes and No. five holes in electric jack, and No. five holes are located at the top in No. two holes;It is normal to go back the communication of knee end Interface is connected to be arranged in No.1 hole, vehicle end communication conducting interface of returning the car is arranged in No. two holes, goes back the communication of knee end extremely and leads It connects mouth to be arranged in No. three holes, No.1 electronic lock is arranged in No. four holes, and No. two electronic locks are arranged in No. six holes;And work as The lock tongue of No.1 electronic lock also faces No. five holes when No.1 hole faces No. two holes, when No. three holes face No. two holes No. two The lock tongue of electronic lock also faces No. five holes;The control terminal of No.1 electronic lock and the control terminal of No. two electronic locks are flat with lease respectively Platform connects.
When normal return the car, normally goes back knee end communication conducting interface and vehicle end communication conducting interface face signal of returning the car connects It connects, the lock tongue of No.1 electronic lock stretches out lock in No. five holes.When returning the car extremely, knee end communication conducting interface is gone back extremely and is gone back The communication conducting interface face signal connection of vehicle vehicle end, the lock tongue of No. two electronic locks stretch out lock in No. five holes.Electric vehicle is returned the car It is easy to use, safety and reliability height of returning the car, intelligence degree height.
Preferably, being equipped with manual generator on charging pile, it is respectively equipped in charging pile by several independently of each other Single battery be sequentially connected in series made of battery pack, microcontroller and battery connection module, be additionally provided in charging pile respectively with The equal charger of single battery number, switching switch and current limliting module;The power input and electricity generated manually of each charger Machine connects;Battery pack can be simultaneously microcontroller, cylinder, No.1 electronic lock and No. two electronic locks provide stand-by power supply;Microcontroller Device is connect with lease platform;Battery connection module includes the bulk charging bindiny mechanism equal with single battery number;In every individual Bulk voltage detection chip is respectively equipped in charging connection mechanism;The power output end of each charger is one-to-one to be connected to switching and opens On one terminals at the selection end of pass;The turning end of each switching switch is one-to-one to be connected on one end of current limliting module, often In the one-to-one bulk charging bindiny mechanism for being connected to battery connection module of the other end of a current limliting module;Battery connection module connects On the battery pack, the control terminal of the battery connection module, each bulk voltage detection chip, the control terminal of each current limliting module and The control terminal of each switching switch is connect with microcontroller respectively;And under the control of the micro-controller, when not be battery pack charge When, each mutually independent single battery in battery pack can be sequentially connected in series by battery connection module becomes series electrical together Pond, when charging for battery pack, battery connection module can become the series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack Mutually independent single battery.
For this programme in charging, voltage checking chip can carry out voltage detecting to corresponding single battery.When some monomer Battery can reduce charging current when being full of by current limliting module, can pass through current limliting mould when some single battery is not full of far also Block increases charging current.To make voltage contained by single battery identical as possible.When each single battery is full of and each monomer The voltage of battery can disconnect charge power supply when identical.Or when each single battery and underfill and each single battery Also charge power supply can be disconnected when voltage is identical.After allowing single battery to be connected in this way, do not had between the single battery being connected in series with The reliability of electric current flowing, battery is high.The charging current or charging voltage of each charger can differ between each other.By cutting Different chargers can be selected to some single battery by changing switch.The cooperation of switching switch and current limliting module can be preferably to need The single battery of charging provides charging current and charging voltage in real time, consequently facilitating the charging progress to each single battery carries out Individually control, also allows for individually controlling the charging voltage of each single battery.Pass through temperature detection in charging process Mechanism can be detected the temperature of single battery, and can carry out overheat protector control to single battery in charging.
This programme can make the damage of single single battery not interfere with other single battery chargings, and not filled for battery pack Each mutually independent single battery in battery pack can be sequentially connected in series when electric and become series-connected cell together, for battery The series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack can be become mutually independent single battery when group charging, to each The charging process of single battery can also carry out voltage detecting, and can individually be controlled the charging progress of each single battery, Also the charging voltage of each single battery can individually be controlled, and overheat protector control can be carried out to single battery in charging System.
Preferably, there are three the single battery for setting battery pack is total, and it is respectively No.1 monomer to set these three single batteries Battery, No. two single batteries and No. three single batteries;The bulk charging bindiny mechanism of battery connection module altogether there are three, and set this three Individual charging connection mechanism is respectively that No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism, No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms connect machine with No. three bulk chargings Structure;Battery connection module further includes that a group power output interface, No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s and hilted broadsword are opened It closes;The anode of No.1 single battery is connected in the turning end of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), the No.1 of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) Contact portion is on the positive terminal of No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism, and No. two contact portions of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) are two On No. two contacts of number single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), the cathode that the cathode of No.1 single battery is connected to No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism connects On line end, the cathode of No.1 single battery is also connected in the negative terminals of group power output interface;No. two single batteries Anode is connected on the positive terminal of No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms, and it is defeated that the anodes of No. two single batteries is also connected to group power supply On the positive terminal of outgoing interface, the cathode of No. two single batteries is connected to the negative terminals of No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms On, the cathode of No. two single batteries is also connected on one end of single knife switch;The cathode of No. three single batteries is connected to No. two lists In the turning end of double-pole double throw switch, the cathode of the No.1 contact portions of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s in No. three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms On terminals, the anode of No. three single batteries is connected on the positive terminal of No. three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms, No. three monomer electricity The anode in pond is also connected on the other end of single knife switch;The control terminal of the No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), No. two single-pole double throws The control terminal of switch and the control terminal of single knife switch are connect with microcontroller respectively.
Preferably, the waterproof power-off protection apparatus includes stake into electric water-tight device, the stake is into electric water-tight device packet The vertical No.1 pipe being fixed on the pedestal of charging pile is included, vertical sliding is equipped with No.1 sliding shoe in the tube chamber of No.1 pipe, if No.1 pipe tube chamber below No.1 sliding shoe is tube chamber under No.1 pipe, is fixed on the inner bottom surface of tube chamber under No.1 pipe No.1 leading-in socket is fixedly connected with and the matched No.1 plug of No.1 leading-in socket on the lower surface of No.1 sliding shoe;It fills The incoming seal waterproof of electric stake is connected on No.1 leading-in socket, and the supply lines of each electrical equipment is connected to No.1 and inserts in charging pile On head;No.1 supporting rod, No.1 fixed pulley, No.1 horizontal stand and No.1 buoyancy are fixed on the outer tube wall of No.1 pipe Ball;And the upper end of No.1 supporting rod is higher than the upper orifice of No.1 pipe, and No.1 fixed pulley is located at the lower section of No.1 horizontal stand, and one Number supporting rod is located at the top of No.1 horizontal stand, and the free activity of No.1 buoyant spheres is placed on No.1 horizontal stand;In No.1 Rotation is equipped with No.1 lever on supporting rod, and the both ends of a No.1 lifting rope are respectively fixedly connected on one end of No.1 lever and one On the upper surface of number sliding shoe, the both ends of a No.1 drawstring are respectively fixedly connected on the other end of No.1 lever and No.1 is floating On power ball, and No.1 drawstring is rolled with No.1 fixed pulley and is connected;And when the upward buoyancy of No.1 buoyant spheres is greater than the set value When, No.1 lifting rope stretchy No.1 sliding shoe moves up, to make No.1 plug be separated with No.1 leading-in socket;In No.1 pipe Down tube intracavitary is fixed with bottom film chamber and upper membrane cavity, and one is fixedly connected on No.1 sliding shoe in the T-shaped thorn head that stands upside down On, the tartar end of thorn head is located at below bottom film chamber;This glue of AB glue water is housed in upper membrane cavity, AB glue is housed in bottom film chamber The curing agent of water, and this glue mixed with curing agent after can be sealedly connected on No.1 inlet wire on the jack face of No.1 leading-in socket The jack of socket seals up.
The present invention can reach following effect:
1, the present invention allows electric vehicle to return the car easy to use, and safety and reliability height of returning the car, intelligence degree is high, is filling Electric stake can actively be cut off the incoming power of charging pile when water submerged.
2, the present invention when returning the car will not short of electricity, can be generated electricity when short of electricity and be returned the car by user oneself.
3, the present invention can make the damage of single single battery not interfere with other single battery chargings, and not be battery Each mutually independent single battery in battery pack can be sequentially connected in series when group charging and becomes series-connected cell together, for The series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack can be become mutually independent single battery by battery pack when charging, right The charging process of each single battery can also carry out voltage detecting, and can individually be controlled to the charging progress of each single battery System, can also individually control the charging voltage of each single battery, safe, good reliability.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is one kind when the inserting column of charging gun of the embodiment of the present invention is inserted into not yet in the charging jacks of electric vehicle Use state section view attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is one kind when the inserting column of charging gun of the embodiment of the present invention is inserted into not yet in the charging jacks of electric vehicle Attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is that the inserting column of charging gun of the embodiment of the present invention has been inserted into the charging jacks of electric vehicle, and No.1 Hole faces No. two holes, and one kind when the lock tongue of the No.1 electronic lock in No. four holes is inserted into No. five holes is normally returned the car using shape State section view attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is that the inserting column of charging gun of the embodiment of the present invention has been inserted into the charging jacks of electric vehicle, and No. three Hole faces No. two holes, and a kind of exception when the lock tongue of No. two electronic locks in No. six holes is inserted into No. five holes is returned the car using shape State section view attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is a kind of schematic diagram of circuit principle connecting structure of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a kind of circuit theory connection structure schematic block diagram of the present embodiment.
Fig. 7 is the present embodiment stake into a kind of attachment structure schematic diagram at electric water-tight device.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is further illustrated with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment, electric vehicle intelligently go back vehicle control, referring to shown in Fig. 1-6, include the lease platform of electric vehicle 50 and be electric vehicle charging charging pile 49, be equipped with and return the car vehicle end access device in the charging jacks with electric automobile 51;It is respectively equipped on the charging gun 48 of charging pile and provides abnormal return the car and can be with vehicle end access device of returning the car for electric vehicle 26 The exception of matching connection, which goes back knee and terminates into device 52 and provided for electric vehicle, normally returns the car and can be terminated into dress with vehicle of returning the car The normal of matching connection is set to go back knee and terminate into device 53;Normal knee of going back terminates the control terminal into device and goes back knee end extremely The control terminal of access device is connect with lease Platform communication respectively;And when charging gun is inserted in charging jacks, if it is It normally returns the car, leases platform and can be terminated by normally going back knee and communicated to connect into device and the vehicle end access device of returning the car, if it is Exception is returned the car, and leasing platform can be terminated by abnormal knee of going back into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car.Electronic The battery management system 54 of automobile is connect with vehicle end access device of returning the car.The entire car controller 55 of electric vehicle and vehicle termination of returning the car Enter device connection, the door control module 58 of electric vehicle is connected with entire car controller.
Charging gun includes inserting column 34, is equipped with column bottom half-via 30 straight up on the lower face of inserting column, logical at column bottom half It is equipped with the cylinder 33 of telescopic rod downwards in hole, an end charging plug is fixed on 32 lower face of telescopic rod of cylinder 31;It is equipped with the strut 27 that diameter is less than column bottom half-via diameter straight up in the charging jacks 29 of electric vehicle 26, is propping up The top of bar is fixed with the vehicle end charging socket 28 that can be matched and be conductively connected with stake end charging plug;The control terminal and rent of cylinder Platform of renting connects.
Normal knee of going back is terminated into device including normally going back knee end communication conducting interface 44 and No.1 electronic lock 39;It is abnormal It includes that abnormal knee end of going back communicates conducting interface 42 and No. two electronic locks 36 that also knee, which is terminated into device,;It returns the car vehicle end access device Including can respectively with normally go back knee end communication conducting interface and it is abnormal go back that the communication of knee end is connected that interface signal connect return the car Vehicle end communication conducting interface 47;It is equipped at intervals with the hole 41, four of No.1 hole 43, three successively from the bottom up on the lateral wall of inserting column Hole 38 and No. six holes 35, and No. three holes are located at the surface in No.1 hole, and No. six holes are located at the surface in No. four holes;In electronic vapour Vertical hole wall is equipped with No. two holes 46 and No. five holes 45 in the charging jacks of vehicle, and No. five holes are located at the top in No. two holes;It is normal to go back Knee end communication conducting interface is arranged in No.1 hole, and vehicle end communication conducting interface of returning the car is arranged in No. two holes, returns the car extremely Stake end communication conducting interface is arranged in No. three holes, and No.1 electronic lock is arranged in No. four holes, and No. two electronic locks are arranged at No. six In hole;And when No.1 hole faces No. two holes, the lock tongue 40 of No.1 electronic lock also faces No. five holes, when No. three hole faces The lock tongue 37 of No. two electronic locks also faces No. five holes when No. two holes;The control of the control terminal of No.1 electronic lock and No. two electronic locks End processed is connect with lease platform respectively.
The finger-print recognising instrument 56 being connect respectively with lease platform and card reader 57 are equipped on charging gun.
Shown in Figure 7, the waterproof power-off protection apparatus includes stake into electric water-tight device, and the stake is into electric water-tight device Including the No.1 pipe s6 being fixed on vertically on the pedestal s3 of charging pile 49, vertical sliding is equipped with one in the tube chamber s14 of No.1 pipe Number sliding shoe s5, it is tube chamber s15 under No.1 pipe, the tube chamber under No.1 pipe to be set in the No.1 pipe tube chamber below No.1 sliding shoe It is fixed with No.1 leading-in socket s2 on inner bottom surface, is fixedly connected on the lower surface of No.1 sliding shoe and No.1 leading-in socket Matched No.1 plug s4;The inlet wire s1 sealing waterproof of charging pile is connected on No.1 leading-in socket, in charging pile each electricity consumption set Standby supply lines s8 is connected on No.1 plug;No.1 supporting rod s10 is fixed on the outer tube wall of No.1 pipe, No.1 is slided surely Take turns s13, No.1 horizontal stand s22 and No.1 buoyant spheres s11;And the upper end of No.1 supporting rod is higher than the upper orifice of No.1 pipe, No.1 fixed pulley is located at the lower section of No.1 horizontal stand, and No.1 supporting rod is located at the top of No.1 horizontal stand, No.1 buoyant spheres Free activity is placed on No.1 horizontal stand;Rotation is equipped with No.1 lever s9, a No.1 lifting rope s23 on No.1 supporting rod Both ends be respectively fixedly connected on one end of No.1 lever and the upper surface of No.1 sliding shoe on, No.1 drawstring s12's Both ends be respectively fixedly connected on the other end of No.1 lever and No.1 buoyant spheres on, and No.1 drawstring and No.1 fixed pulley roll Dynamic connection;And when the upward buoyancy of No.1 buoyant spheres is greater than the set value, No.1 lifting rope stretchy No.1 sliding shoe is to moving up It is dynamic, to make No.1 plug be separated with No.1 leading-in socket;It is fixed with bottom film chamber s19 and upper membrane cavity in No.1 pipe down tube intracavitary S17, one is fixedly connected in the T-shaped thorn head s20 that stands upside down on No.1 sliding shoe, and the tartar end s21 of thorn head is located at Below bottom film chamber;This glue s16 of AB glue water s24 is housed in upper membrane cavity, the curing agent s18 of AB glue water is housed in bottom film chamber, And this glue can be sealedly connected on inserting No.1 leading-in socket on the faces jack s7 of No.1 leading-in socket after being mixed with curing agent Hole seals up.
The waterproof power-off protection apparatus further includes that stake goes out electric water-tight device, and the stake goes out structure and the institute of electric water-tight device The structure for stating stake into electric water-tight device is identical.
It is raised to setting when waterborne and settles, the pulling force that buoyant spheres generate upwards can pass through No.1 drawstring, No.1 lever, No.1 and carry Rope and No.1 sliding shoe are applied on No.1 plug, and No.1 plug will be moved up, No.1 plug meeting after No.1 plug rises It is detached with No.1 leading-in socket, during No.1 plug can be with No.1 leading-in socket separation process, thorn head also can be to moving up Dynamic squeeze breaks bottom film chamber and upper membrane cavity, this glue in curing agent and upper membrane cavity in bottom film chamber can mix, curing agent and the meeting of this glue It can be sealedly connected on after mixing on the faces jack s7 of No.1 leading-in socket and seal up the jack of No.1 leading-in socket.To realize The power-off insulated enclosure of charging pile inlet wire.The power-off insulated enclosure of charging pile inlet wire prevents repair to get an electric shock, and safety is higher.
It is equipped with manual generator 1 on charging pile, is respectively equipped in charging pile by several mutually independent monomer electricity Battery pack 25, microcontroller 8 and battery connection module 22 made of pond is sequentially connected in series, be additionally provided in charging pile respectively with monomer The equal charger of battery number, switching switch and current limliting module;The power input of each charger connects with manual generator It connects, battery pack can be microcontroller, cylinder, camera 59, microphone 60, No.1 electronic lock, No. two electronic locks, fingerprint recognitions simultaneously The offer stand-by power supply of instrument and card reader;Microcontroller is connect with lease platform.
The microcontroller, cylinder, camera, microphone, No.1 electronic lock, No. two electronic locks, finger-print recognising instrument and Card Reader The primary power cource of device is provided by alternating current.Only in the case where not having alternating current, ability by battery pack while being microcontroller, cylinder, camera shooting Head, microphone, No.1 electronic lock, No. two electronic locks, finger-print recognising instrument and card reader provide power supply.
Battery connection module includes the bulk charging bindiny mechanism equal with single battery number;Machine is connected in each bulk charging Bulk voltage detection chip 101 is respectively equipped on structure;The one-to-one choosing for being connected to switching switch of power output end of each charger It selects on a terminals at end;The turning end of each switching switch is one-to-one to be connected on one end of current limliting module, each current limliting In the one-to-one bulk charging bindiny mechanism for being connected to battery connection module of the other end of module;Battery connection module is connected to battery In group, the control terminal of the battery connection module, each bulk voltage detection chip 101, the control terminal of each current limliting module and every The control terminal of a switching switch is connect with microcontroller respectively;And under the control of the micro-controller, when not being battery pack charging, Each mutually independent single battery in battery pack can be sequentially connected in series by battery connection module becomes series-connected cell together, When charging for battery pack, the series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack can be become mutual by battery connection module Independent single battery.
Charger in this example is charger 2, charging 3 and charger 4.Switching switch in this example is switching switch 5, switch switch 6 and switching switch 7.Current limliting module in this example is limited flow module 9, current limliting module 10 and current limliting module 11. The selection end of each switching switch includes terminals a, terminals b and terminals c.
If there are three the single battery of the present embodiment battery pack is total, and it is respectively No.1 monomer electricity to set these three single batteries The single battery 20 of pond 19, two and No. three single batteries 21;There are three the bulk charging bindiny mechanism of battery connection module is total, and set These three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms are respectively that 12, No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms 13 of No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism and No. three bodies fill Electrical connection mechanism 14;Battery connection module further includes group power output interface 15, No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) 17, No. two hilted broadswords pair Throw switch 18 and single knife switch 16;The anode of No.1 single battery is connected in the turning end of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), No.1 The No.1 contact portion of single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) is on the positive terminal of No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism, No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) No. two contact portions on No. two contacts of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s, the cathode of No.1 single battery is connected to No.1 body and fills In the negative terminals of electrical connection mechanism, the cathode of No.1 single battery is also connected to the negative terminals of group power output interface On;The anode of No. two single batteries is connected on the positive terminal of No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms, and No. two single batteries are just Pole is also connected on the positive terminal of group power output interface, and the cathode of No. two single batteries is connected to No. two bulk charging connections In the negative terminals of mechanism, the cathode of No. two single batteries is also connected on one end of single knife switch;No. three single batteries Cathode 24 is connected in the turning end of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s, and the No.1 contact portion of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s is in No. three bodies In the negative terminals of charging connection mechanism, the anode 23 of No. three single batteries is connected to the anode of No. three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms On terminals, the anode of No. three single batteries is also connected on the other end of single knife switch;The No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) The control terminal of control terminal, the control terminal of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s and single knife switch is connect with microcontroller respectively.
No. two contacts of the No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and No. two contacts of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s are normally closed touch Point, when battery pack charges, No. two contacts of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and No. two contacts of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s are in Off-state, when battery pack and do not charge, No. two contacts of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and No. two of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s are touched Point is in closed state;The No.1 contact of the No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and the No.1 contact of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s are equal For normally opened contact, when battery pack charges, the No.1 of the No.1 contact of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s is touched Point is in closed state, the No.1 contact of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s when battery pack and do not charge No.1 contact be in off-state;The single knife switch is off when battery pack charges, and is not filled in battery pack Closed state is in when electric.
The present embodiment is returned the car easy to use by electric vehicle, and safety and reliability height of returning the car, intelligence degree is high, is filling Electric stake can actively be cut off the incoming power of charging pile when water submerged, when returning the car will not short of electricity, when short of electricity, can be by user oneself Power generation is returned the car.
For the present embodiment when charging to battery pack, voltage checking chip can carry out voltage detecting to corresponding single battery. Charging current can be reduced by current limliting module when some single battery will be full of, it can when some single battery is not full of far also Increase charging current by current limliting module.To make voltage contained by single battery identical as possible.When each single battery is full of simultaneously And each single battery voltage it is identical when can disconnect charge power supply.Or when each single battery and underfill and each Also charge power supply can be disconnected when the voltage of single battery is identical.After allowing single battery to be connected in this way, the single battery that is connected in series with Between do not have an electric current flowing, the reliability of battery is high.The charging current or charging voltage of each charger between each other may not be used It is identical.Different chargers can be selected to some single battery by switching switch.The cooperation energy of switching switch and current limliting module Preferably to need the single battery to charge to provide charging current and charging voltage in real time, consequently facilitating to each single battery Charging progress is individually controlled, and also allows for individually controlling the charging voltage of each single battery.Pass through dual power supply machine Structure makes the present embodiment have the function of dual power supply, substantially increases dependable with function.
The present embodiment can make the damage of single single battery not interfere with other single battery chargings, and not be battery pack Each mutually independent single battery in battery pack can be sequentially connected in series when charging and become series-connected cell together, for electricity The series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack can be become mutually independent single battery when the charging of pond group, to every The charging process of a single battery can also carry out voltage detecting, and can individually be controlled to the charging progress of each single battery System, can also individually control the charging voltage of each single battery.And excess temperature guarantor can be carried out to single battery in charging Shield control.It is powered using dual power supply mechanism and realizes the uninterrupted power supply of electrical equipment.It is safe, good reliability.
The battery connection module of the present embodiment when battery pack can be allowed to charge well can will in battery pack it is each independently of each other Single battery be sequentially connected in series and become series-connected cell together, can will be sequentially connected in series in battery pack when charging for battery pack The series-connected cell to link together becomes mutually independent single battery, and reliability is high.
The present embodiment, which can improve battery pack in use, can remain each mutually independent list in battery pack Body battery is sequentially connected in series becomes series-connected cell together, and reliability is high.
Camera and microphone camera can facilitate the staff of lease platform to be contacted with user, and staff can pass through microphone Voice and camera acquisition image determination return the car people and also car state, convenient for return the car processing.
It returns the car to facilitate in charging station and be filled for electric vehicle in electric automobile charging station in the place of returning the car of the present embodiment Electricity also allows for carrying out unified centralized management to electric vehicle.When returning the car, need user that vehicle is reached electric automobile charging station, Charging gun is inserted into the charging jacks of electric vehicle by user, and platform is leased if it can normally return the car can be by normally returning the car Stake end access device allows client normally to be returned the car with vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car.It returns the car, rents if there is abnormal Rent platform can by it is abnormal go back knee and terminate allow client return the car extremely into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car. The system devise it is normal returns the car and abnormal two sets of schemes of returning the car of returning the car, allow the system to return the car easy to use, return the car safety and Reliability is high, and intelligence degree is high.
The present embodiment controls the flexible of Telescopic-cylinder bar by leasing platform, is used with when cannot not normally return the car to realize Exception is returned the car, and the reliability, convenience and safety returned the car are substantially increased.When normal return the car, the communication of knee end is normally gone back Conducting interface is connected with vehicle end communication conducting interface face signal of returning the car, and the lock tongue of No.1 electronic lock stretches out lock in No. five holes. When returning the car extremely, knee end communication conducting interface is gone back extremely and is connected with vehicle end communication conducting interface face signal of returning the car, No. two The lock tongue of electronic lock stretches out lock in No. five holes.Electric vehicle is returned the car easy to use, safety and reliability height of returning the car, intelligent Degree is high.
Embodiments of the present invention are described above in conjunction with attached drawing, however, the implementation is not limited to the above embodiments, this field Those of ordinary skill can be with various changes and modifications may be made within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. electric vehicle intelligently goes back vehicle control, including the lease platform of electric vehicle and the charging for electric vehicle charging Stake, which is characterized in that further include the waterproof power-off protection apparatus for preventing charging pile water inlet from charging pile being caused to burn out, in electric vehicle Vehicle end access device of returning the car is equipped in charging jacks on vehicle body;It is respectively equipped on the charging gun of charging pile and is carried for electric vehicle Exception for returning the car and can be matched with vehicle end access device of returning the car connection extremely goes back knee and terminates into device and carried for electric vehicle It normal go back knee for normally return the car and can be matched with vehicle end access device of returning the car connection and terminates into device;It is normal to go back knee termination Enter the control terminal of device and abnormal go back the control terminal that knee is terminated into device and connect respectively with lease Platform communication;And when charging When rifle is inserted in charging jacks, if it is normally returning the car, lease platform can by normally go back knee terminate into device with return the car Access device communication connection in vehicle end is returned the car if it is abnormal, lease platform can by it is abnormal go back knee terminate into device with return the car The access device communication connection of vehicle end;The entire car controller of electric vehicle is connect with vehicle end access device of returning the car, the vehicle of electric vehicle Door control module is connected with entire car controller.
2. electric vehicle according to claim 1 intelligently goes back vehicle control, which is characterized in that charging gun includes inserting column, It is equipped with column bottom half-via straight up on the lower face of inserting column, the gas of telescopic rod downwards is equipped in the half-via of column bottom Cylinder is fixed with an end charging plug on the telescopic rod lower face of cylinder;In the charging jacks of electric vehicle straight up It is less than the strut of column bottom half-via diameter equipped with diameter, conduction can be matched with stake end charging plug by being fixed on the top of strut The vehicle end charging socket of connection;The control terminal of cylinder is connect with lease platform.
3. electric vehicle according to claim 2 intelligently goes back vehicle control, which is characterized in that it is normal go back knee terminate into Device includes that normal knee end of going back communicates conducting interface and No.1 electronic lock;It includes abnormal return the car that exception, which is gone back knee and terminated into device, Stake end communication conducting interface and No. two electronic locks;Vehicle end access device of returning the car include can respectively with normally go back knee end and communicate conducting Interface and the abnormal vehicle end communication conducting interface of returning the car gone back knee end communication conducting interface signal and connected;On the lateral wall of inserting column Be equipped at intervals with No.1 hole, No. three holes, No. four holes and No. six holes successively from the bottom up, and No. three holes be located at No.1 hole just on Side, No. six holes are located at the surface in No. four holes;No. two holes and No. five are equipped on vertical hole wall in the charging jacks of electric vehicle Hole, No. five holes are located at the top in No. two holes;Normal knee end communication conducting interface of going back is arranged in No.1 hole, vehicle end communication of returning the car Interface is connected to be arranged in No. two holes, goes back knee end communication conducting interface extremely and is arranged in No. three holes, the setting of No.1 electronic lock In No. four holes, No. two electronic locks are arranged in No. six holes;And the lock of No.1 electronic lock when No.1 hole faces No. two holes Tongue also faces No. five holes, and when No. three holes face No. two holes, the lock tongue of No. two electronic locks also faces No. five holes;No.1 electricity The control terminal of son lock and the control terminal of No. two electronic locks are connect with lease platform respectively.
4. electric vehicle according to claim 3 intelligently goes back vehicle control, which is characterized in that be equipped with hand on charging pile Dynamic generator is respectively equipped with battery pack made of being sequentially connected in series by several mutually independent single batteries, micro- in charging pile Controller and battery connection module are additionally provided with charger equal with single battery number respectively, switching switch in charging pile With current limliting module;The power input of each charger is connect with manual generator;Battery pack can be microcontroller, gas simultaneously Cylinder, No.1 electronic lock and No. two electronic locks provide stand-by power supply;Microcontroller is connect with lease platform;Battery connection module includes The bulk charging bindiny mechanism equal with single battery number;Bulk voltage detection core is respectively equipped in each bulk charging bindiny mechanism Piece;On one terminals at the one-to-one selection end for being connected to switching switch of the power output end of each charger;Each switching The turning end of switch is one-to-one to be connected on one end of current limliting module, and the other end of each current limliting module is one-to-one to be connected to battery In the bulk charging bindiny mechanism of link block;Battery connection module connects on the battery pack, the control of the battery connection module End, each bulk voltage detection chip, the control terminal of the control terminal of each current limliting module and each switching switch respectively with microcontroller Device connects;And under the control of the micro-controller, when not being battery pack charging, battery connection module can be by each phase in battery pack Mutual independent single battery is sequentially connected in series becomes series-connected cell together, when charging for battery pack, battery connection module The series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack can be become mutually independent single battery.
5. electric vehicle according to claim 4 intelligently goes back vehicle control, which is characterized in that set the monomer electricity of battery pack There are three pond is total, and it is respectively No.1 single battery, No. two single batteries and No. three single batteries to set these three single batteries;Electricity There are three the bulk charging bindiny mechanism of pond link block is total, and it is respectively that No.1 bulk charging connects to set these three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms Connection mechanism, No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms and No. three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms;Battery connection module further includes that group power supply output connects Mouth, No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s and single knife switch;The anode of No.1 single battery is connected to No.1 list In the turning end of double-pole double throw switch, the anode of the No.1 contact portion of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) in No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism On terminals, No. two contact portions of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) are on No. two contacts of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s, No.1 list The cathode of body battery is connected in the negative terminals of No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism, and the cathode of No.1 single battery is also connected to In the negative terminals of group power output interface;The anode of No. two single batteries is connected to the anode of No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms On terminals, the anode of No. two single batteries is also connected on the positive terminal of group power output interface, No. two single batteries Cathode be connected in the negative terminals of No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms, the cathode of No. two single batteries is also connected to hilted broadsword and opens On one end of pass;The cathode of No. three single batteries is connected in the turning end of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s, and No. two single-pole double throws are opened For the No.1 contact portion of pass in the negative terminals of No. three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms, the anode of No. three single batteries is connected to three On the positive terminal of number bulk charging bindiny mechanism, the anode of No. three single batteries is also connected on the other end of single knife switch; The control terminal of the control terminal of the No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), the control terminal of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s and single knife switch respectively with Microcontroller connects.
6. electric vehicle according to claim 1 intelligently goes back vehicle control, which is characterized in that the waterproof power-off protection Device includes stake into electric water-tight device, the stake into electric water-tight device include the No.1 being fixed on vertically on the pedestal of charging pile Pipe, vertical sliding is equipped with No.1 sliding shoe in the tube chamber of No.1 pipe, and being set in the No.1 pipe tube chamber below No.1 sliding shoe is Tube chamber under No.1 pipe is fixed with No.1 leading-in socket under No.1 pipe on the inner bottom surface of tube chamber, in the following table of No.1 sliding shoe It is fixedly connected on face and the matched No.1 plug of No.1 leading-in socket;The incoming seal waterproof of charging pile is connected to No.1 inlet wire On socket, the supply lines of each electrical equipment is connected on No.1 plug in charging pile;It is fixed on the outer tube wall of No.1 pipe No.1 supporting rod, No.1 fixed pulley, No.1 horizontal stand and No.1 buoyant spheres;And the upper end of No.1 supporting rod is higher than No.1 pipe Upper orifice, No.1 fixed pulley is located at the lower section of No.1 horizontal stand, and No.1 supporting rod is located at the top of No.1 horizontal stand, one Number free activity of buoyant spheres is placed on No.1 horizontal stand;Rotation is equipped with No.1 lever, a No.1 on No.1 supporting rod The both ends of lifting rope be respectively fixedly connected on one end of No.1 lever and the upper surface of No.1 sliding shoe on, No.1 drawstring Both ends be respectively fixedly connected on the other end of No.1 lever and No.1 buoyant spheres on, and No.1 drawstring and No.1 fixed pulley roll Dynamic connection;And when the upward buoyancy of No.1 buoyant spheres is greater than the set value, No.1 lifting rope stretchy No.1 sliding shoe is to moving up It is dynamic, to make No.1 plug be separated with No.1 leading-in socket;It is fixed with bottom film chamber and upper membrane cavity in No.1 pipe down tube intracavitary, one Root is fixedly connected in the T-shaped thorn head that stands upside down on No.1 sliding shoe, and the tartar end of thorn head is located at below bottom film chamber;? After this glue equipped with AB glue water in upper membrane cavity, is equipped with the curing agent of AB glue water in bottom film chamber, and this glue is mixed with curing agent It can be sealedly connected on the jack face of No.1 leading-in socket and seal up the jack of No.1 leading-in socket.
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CN105261772A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-01-20 上海合既得动氢机器有限公司 Water-to-hydrogen charging pile
CN105827720A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-08-03 宁波轩悦行电动汽车服务有限公司 Mobile phone APP vehicle information obtaining system and load balancing method and vehicle renting method
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2220493Y (en) * 1995-03-24 1996-02-21 龚应赛 Automatic control device for water level of water tower
CN2364086Y (en) * 1998-05-06 2000-02-16 袁德生 Full-automatic controller for water tower
CN102222393A (en) * 2009-06-30 2011-10-19 曹松伟 Online inductive berth standing self-service quick charging intelligent server
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