CN108725150A - Prevent the control system and vehicle that front windshield is hit by foreign matter - Google Patents

Prevent the control system and vehicle that front windshield is hit by foreign matter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108725150A
CN108725150A CN201810495098.0A CN201810495098A CN108725150A CN 108725150 A CN108725150 A CN 108725150A CN 201810495098 A CN201810495098 A CN 201810495098A CN 108725150 A CN108725150 A CN 108725150A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
foreign matter
front windshield
hit
control system
collision device
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810495098.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108725150B (en
Inventor
黄志强
韩丽
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BAIC Motor Co Ltd
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BAIC Motor Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201810495098.0A priority Critical patent/CN108725150B/en
Publication of CN108725150A publication Critical patent/CN108725150A/en
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Publication of CN108725150B publication Critical patent/CN108725150B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J1/00Windows; Windscreens; Accessories therefor
    • B60J1/20Accessories, e.g. wind deflectors, blinds
    • B60J1/2094Protective means for window, e.g. additional panel or foil, against vandalism, dirt, wear, shattered glass, etc.
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J1/00Windows; Windscreens; Accessories therefor
    • B60J1/02Windows; Windscreens; Accessories therefor arranged at the vehicle front, e.g. structure of the glazing, mounting of the glazing

Abstract

The present invention proposes that a kind of control system for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter and vehicle, the system include:Detection device for foreign matter is arranged on front windshield, the running orbit of the foreign matter for detecting front windshield front region;Prediction meanss predict impingement region of the foreign matter on front windshield according to the running orbit of foreign matter;Anti-collision device is arranged on front windshield, for keeping out foreign matter;Driving device, for driving anti-collision device to be moved on front windshield;Control device is moved to impingement region, to keep out foreign matter by anti-collision device for controlling the driving device driving anti-collision device.The present invention can be kept out by anti-collision device and fly to front windshield foreign matter, and foreign matter is effectively prevent directly to hit front windshield, ensure that the safety and travel safety of occupant.

Description

Prevent the control system and vehicle that front windshield is hit by foreign matter
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of vehicle, more particularly to a kind of control system for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter And vehicle.
Background technology
Gradual with automobile is popularized, and prodigious facility is brought to the trip of people.But in vehicle traveling process, often It will appear the foreign matter (such as small worm, finger stone) that windshield glass is flown here to hit and crack, influence driver's seat, into And the safety of running car is influenced, the automobile especially sailed in high speed uplink, since speed is very fast, before windshield glass encounters When the finger stone that vehicle is rolled, it is easy to it is breakdown, or even occupant is hurt, to influence the safety of occupant.
Therefore, in view of the above problems, there is no relevant technologies effectively foreign matter to be avoided to hit front windshield at present.
Invention content
The present invention is directed at least solve one of above-mentioned technical problem.
For this purpose, an object of the present invention is to provide a kind of control system for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter, The system can be kept out by anti-collision device and fly to front windshield foreign matter, and foreign matter is effectively prevent directly to hit front windshield glass Glass ensure that the safety and travel safety of occupant.
It is another object of the present invention to propose a kind of vehicle.
To achieve the goals above, the embodiment of first aspect present invention, which proposes one kind, prevents front windshield by foreign matter The control system of shock, including:Detection device for foreign matter is arranged on front windshield, before detecting the front windshield The running orbit of the foreign matter in square region;Prediction meanss predict the foreign matter in the front according to the running orbit of the foreign matter Impingement region on wind glass;Anti-collision device is arranged on the front windshield, for keeping out the foreign matter;Driving dress It sets, for driving the anti-collision device to be moved on the front windshield;Control device, for controlling the driving device The anti-collision device is driven to be moved to the impingement region, to keep out the foreign matter by the anti-collision device.
The control system according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter detects front windshield glass in real time The movement locus for the foreign matter that glass front region occurs, and impingement region of the foreign matter on front windshield is determined according to movement locus Domain, and anti-collision device is driven to be moved to the impingement region, front windshield foreign matter is flown to be kept out by anti-collision device, from And foreign matter is effectively prevent directly to hit front windshield, it ensure that the safety and travel safety of occupant.
In addition, according to the above embodiment of the present invention prevent front windshield from can also be had by the control system that foreign matter is hit There is following additional technical characteristic:
In some instances, the control device is additionally operable to be moved to the impingement region in the anti-collision device default After time, controls the driving device and the anti-collision device is driven to be moved to its initial position.
In some instances, the detection device for foreign matter includes:Collecting unit, for acquiring the foreign matter in the front Running state information in front of wind glass, includes at least:Current flight speed, heading, acceleration, current wind speed and current Wind direction;Processing unit, the running orbit for determining the foreign matter according to the running state information.
In some instances, the collecting unit is additionally operable to acquire the location information of the foreign matter;The processing unit is used In the spatial position coordinate for obtaining the foreign matter according to the positional information, and according to the spatial position coordinate, it is based on binocular Principle of stereoscopic vision obtains the running orbit of the foreign matter.
In some instances, further include:Region division module, before will be described according to the shape of the anti-collision device Windshield is divided into multiple regions;The prediction meanss are used to choose institute from the multiple region according to the running orbit State impingement region.
In some instances, the anti-collision device is arranged in the windscreen wiper swing arm of vehicle.
In some instances, the driving device is rain shaving electrical machine;The control device, for controlling the rain shaving electrical machine The windscreen wiper is driven to swing, to drive the anti-collision device to be moved to the impingement region.
In some instances, the anti-collision device is configured to transparent flexible material.
In some instances, the collecting unit includes at least one camera, and the camera is arranged in the front The upper position of wind glass.
To achieve the goals above, the embodiment of second aspect of the present invention proposes a kind of vehicle, including of the invention above-mentioned The control system that front windshield is hit by foreign matter is prevented described in first aspect embodiment.
Vehicle according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention detects the movement rail for the foreign matter that front windshield front region occurs in real time Mark, and impingement region of the foreign matter on front windshield is determined according to movement locus, and drive anti-collision device to be moved to this and hit Region is hit, front windshield foreign matter is flown to be kept out by anti-collision device, to effectively prevent foreign matter directly to hit front windshield Glass ensure that the safety and travel safety of occupant.
The additional aspect and advantage of the present invention will be set forth in part in the description, and will partly become from the following description Obviously, or practice through the invention is recognized.
Description of the drawings
The above-mentioned and/or additional aspect and advantage of the present invention will become in the description from combination following accompanying drawings to embodiment Obviously and it is readily appreciated that, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structural frames of the control system according to an embodiment of the invention for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter Figure;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of detection device for foreign matter according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic view of the mounting position of collecting unit and anti-collision device according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the mounting means schematic diagram of anti-collision device according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is region division process schematic according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the workflow of the control system according to an embodiment of the invention for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter Journey schematic diagram.
Specific implementation mode
The embodiment of the present invention is described below in detail, examples of the embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein from beginning to end Same or similar label indicates same or similar element or element with the same or similar functions.Below with reference to attached The embodiment of figure description is exemplary, and is only used for explaining the present invention, and is not considered as limiting the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term "center", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is It is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, rather than instruction or dark Show that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore should not be understood as pair The limitation of the present invention.In addition, term " first ", " second " are used for description purposes only, it is not understood to indicate or imply opposite Importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can Can also be electrical connection to be mechanical connection;It can be directly connected, can also indirectly connected through an intermediary, Ke Yishi Connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood at this with concrete condition Concrete meaning in invention.
The control system according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter is described below in conjunction with attached drawing And vehicle.
Fig. 1 is the knot of the control system according to an embodiment of the invention for preventing front windshield 200 from being hit by foreign matter Structure block diagram.As shown in Figure 1, this prevents the front windshield 200 from including by the control system 100 that foreign matter is hit:Detection device for foreign matter 110, prediction meanss 120, anti-collision device 130, driving device 140 and control device 150.
Wherein, detection device for foreign matter 110 is for example arranged on front windshield 200, before detecting front windshield 200 The running orbit of the foreign matter (such as small worm of flight, finger stone) in square region, i.e., detect 200 front region of front windshield in real time With the presence or absence of foreign matter, when there are foreign matter, the running orbit of the foreign matter is determined.Prediction meanss 120 are according to the running orbit of foreign matter Predict impingement region of the foreign matter on front windshield 200.Anti-collision device 130 is arranged on front windshield 200, for supporting Keep off foreign matter, it is envisioned that the moving range of anti-collision device 130 can at least cover entire front windshield 200.Driving device 140 for driving anti-collision device 130 to be moved on front windshield 200.Control device 150 is for controlling the driving device 140 Driving anti-collision device 130 is moved to impingement region, to keep out foreign matter by anti-collision device 130, to effectively prevent foreign matter It directly hits front windshield 200 and glass is caused to split or puncture the glass, ensure that the safety and traffic safety of occupant Property.
In one embodiment of the invention, control device 150 is additionally operable to be moved to impingement region in anti-collision device 130 After preset time, controls the driving device 140 driving anti-collision devices 130 and be moved to its initial position.In other words, such as preceding institute It states, when detecting that 200 front region of front windshield has foreign matter that will hit, according to the foreign matter predicted in front windshield Impingement region on 200 controls the driving device 140 driving anti-collision devices 130 and is moved to the impingement region, to keep out foreign matter, After keeping out completion, after preset time (such as 10 seconds), the movement of 140 driving anti-collision devices 130 is controlled the driving device To its initial position, that is, restore to original position, consequently facilitating carrying out next anticollision process, the driving for influencing driver is also avoided to regard It is wild.
In one embodiment of the invention, as shown in Fig. 2, the detection device for foreign matter 110 for example including:Collecting unit 111 and processing unit 112.Wherein, collecting unit 111 be used for acquire foreign matter 200 front region of front windshield operation shape State information, includes at least:Current flight speed, heading, acceleration, current wind speed and current wind direction;Processing unit 112, Running orbit for determining foreign matter according to running state information.That is, collecting unit 111 acquires front windshield in real time The information such as current flight speed, heading, acceleration, current wind speed and the current wind direction of foreign matter that 200 front regions occur, Then processing unit 112 calculates the running orbit for determining foreign matter according to these information, which determines that foreign matter runs rail A kind of mode of mark.
In another embodiment of the present invention, collecting unit 111 is additionally operable to the location information of acquisition foreign matter;Processing unit 112 according to location information for obtaining the spatial position coordinate of foreign matter, and according to spatial position coordinate, is based on binocular stereo vision Principle obtains the running orbit of foreign matter, which is to determine the another way of foreign matter running orbit.
Wherein, in one embodiment of the invention, above-mentioned collecting unit 111 includes at least one camera, camera shooting The upper position in front windshield 200 is arranged in head.Such as shown in Fig. 2, collecting unit 111 for example including two cameras, divides Upper position in front windshield 200 is not set, the position of the foreign matter for acquiring the appearance of 200 front region of front windshield Information, and then processing unit 112 can determine the running orbit of foreign matter according to location information.Further, multiple by being arranged Camera can detect the foreign matter that all directions fly to windshield glass, can increase detection detection range.
In one embodiment of the invention, also system 100 further includes region division module (not shown).It draws in region Sub-module is used to that front windshield 200 to be divided into multiple regions according to the shape of anti-collision device 130;Prediction meanss 120 are used In choosing impingement region from multiple regions according to running orbit.For example, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 5, such as by front windshield 200 are divided into multiple regions, the regions such as all A1 as shown in Figure 5 to A7 (without being limited thereto), before these region overlays are entire The area of windshield 200, in this way, when prediction meanss 120 according to the prediction locus of foreign matter calculate foreign matter drop point site it Afterwards, impingement region can determine according to the drop point site, then quickly from advance ready-portioned multiple regions (such as A1 to A7) Target area, i.e. impingement region are chosen, it is anti-to increase system to reduce the time for predicting that foreign matter is fallen in windshield glass The validity and reliability of shock.
In one embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 3, the windscreen wiper 300 in vehicle is for example arranged in anti-collision device 130 In swing arm.Driving device 140 is, for example, 300 motor of windscreen wiper.Control device 150 drives windscreen wiper for controlling 300 motor of windscreen wiper 300 swing, to drive anti-collision device 130 to be moved to impingement region.It is thus possible to saving vehicle space is efficiently used, and profit The movement that anti-collision device 130 is realized with the component of vehicle routine, saves cost.Further, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 4, anticollision Device 130 is hit for example to be fixedly mounted on windscreen wiper 300 by bolt 400.It is understood that due to the windscreen wiper 300 1 of vehicle As be all two, therefore, anti-collision device 130 include at least two, respectively by bolt 400 be arranged on two windscreen wipers 300, And moving range can cover the area of entire front windshield 200, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4.
In one embodiment of the invention, anti-collision device 130 is configured to transparent flexible material, such as transparent rubber The flexible materials such as glue, perspex, the impact force that the shock so as to which foreign matter is effectively relieved is brought mitigate to front windshield 200 shock injury, realization are effectively kept out, and ensure that the safety and travel safety of occupant.Also, use transparent material The driving vision that will not influence driver, further improves travel safety.
For the ease of more fully understanding the present invention, below in conjunction with attached drawing, by specific embodiment come before to above-mentioned prevent Windshield is described by the control system that foreign matter is hit.
In the present embodiment, detection device for foreign matter is arranged in the upper position of windshield glass, in order to which Quick Acquisition is fixed The foreign matter of windshield glass is flown in position from different directions.Wherein, detection device for foreign matter is for example comprising 2 high speed cameras and foreign matter Spatial position computation processor (i.e. processing unit).Anti-collision device is transparent flexible substance, is arranged on windscreen wiper.
Based on this, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 6, this prevents the operation principle for the control system that front windshield hit by foreign matter can be general It states as follows:First, vehicle body signal is acquired, judges whether vehicle is in use, when speed is more than 0, in detection device for foreign matter Camera open, acquisition fly to from different directions windshield glass foreign matter location information, then according to binocular tri-dimensional Feel that principle calculates the spatial position coordinate of foreign matter, to estimate the movement locus of foreign matter, and by the operation rail of determining foreign matter Mark is transferred to prediction meanss;Prediction meanss judge impingement region of the foreign matter on windshield glass according to the running orbit of foreign matter Domain;Impingement region of the control device according to foreign matter on windshield glass, control rain shaving electrical machine driving windscreen wiper is swung, and then is driven Transparent anti-collision device is moved to impingement region on windscreen wiper, and after standing 10s (preset time), and control rain shaving electrical machine drives Anti-collision device self-return flies to front windshield foreign matter to be kept out by anti-collision device, effectively prevent foreign matter direct Front windshield is hit, ensure that the safety and travel safety of occupant.
The control system according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter detects front windshield glass in real time The movement locus for the foreign matter that glass front region occurs, and impingement region of the foreign matter on front windshield is determined according to movement locus Domain, and anti-collision device is driven to be moved to the impingement region, front windshield foreign matter is flown to be kept out by anti-collision device, from And foreign matter is effectively prevent directly to hit front windshield, it ensure that the safety and travel safety of occupant.
Further embodiment of the present invention also proposed a kind of vehicle, which includes any one above-mentioned implementation of the present invention The control system that front windshield is hit by foreign matter is prevented described in example.
Vehicle according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention detects the movement rail for the foreign matter that front windshield front region occurs in real time Mark, and impingement region of the foreign matter on front windshield is determined according to movement locus, and drive anti-collision device to be moved to this and hit Region is hit, front windshield foreign matter is flown to be kept out by anti-collision device, to effectively prevent foreign matter directly to hit front windshield Glass ensure that the safety and travel safety of occupant.
In addition, other compositions of vehicle according to the ... of the embodiment of the present invention and effect are for those of ordinary skill in the art For be all known, in order to reduce redundancy, do not repeat.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " specifically show The description of example " or " some examples " etc. means specific features, structure, material or spy described in conjunction with this embodiment or example Point is included at least one embodiment or example of the invention.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms are not Centainly refer to identical embodiment or example.Moreover, particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described can be any One or more embodiments or example in can be combined in any suitable manner.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that:Not In the case of being detached from the principle of the present invention and objective a variety of change, modification, replacement and modification can be carried out to these embodiments, this The range of invention is by claim and its equivalent limits.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of control system for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter, which is characterized in that including:
Detection device for foreign matter is arranged on front windshield, the fortune of the foreign matter for detecting the front windshield front region Row track;
Prediction meanss predict impingement region of the foreign matter on the front windshield according to the running orbit of the foreign matter;
Anti-collision device is arranged on the front windshield, for keeping out the foreign matter;
Driving device, for driving the anti-collision device to be moved on the front windshield;
Control device drives the anti-collision device to be moved to the impingement region, to pass through for controlling the driving device The anti-collision device keeps out the foreign matter.
2. the control system according to claim 1 for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter, which is characterized in that the control Device processed is additionally operable to after the anti-collision device is moved to the impingement region preset time, controls the driving device driving The anti-collision device is moved to its initial position.
3. the control system according to claim 1 for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter, which is characterized in that described different Analyte detection device includes:
Collecting unit is included at least for acquiring the foreign matter in the running state information of the front windshield front region: Current flight speed, heading, acceleration, current wind speed and current wind direction;
Processing unit, the running orbit for determining the foreign matter according to the running state information.
4. the control system according to claim 3 for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter, which is characterized in that
The collecting unit is additionally operable to acquire the location information of the foreign matter;
The processing unit is used to obtain the spatial position coordinate of the foreign matter according to the positional information, and according to the space Position coordinates obtain the running orbit of the foreign matter based on binocular stereo vision principle.
5. the control system according to claim 1 for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter, which is characterized in that also wrap It includes:
Region division module, for the front windshield to be divided into multiple regions according to the shape of the anti-collision device;
The prediction meanss are used to choose the impingement region from the multiple region according to the running orbit.
6. preventing the control system that front windshield is hit by foreign matter, feature from existing according to claim 1-5 any one of them In the anti-collision device is arranged in the windscreen wiper swing arm of vehicle.
7. the control system according to claim 6 for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter, which is characterized in that
The driving device is rain shaving electrical machine;
The control device drives the windscreen wiper to swing, to drive the anti-collision device to move for controlling the rain shaving electrical machine It moves to the impingement region.
8. the control system according to claim 7 for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter, which is characterized in that described anti- Percussion device is configured to transparent flexible material.
9. the control system according to claim 3 or 4 for preventing front windshield from being hit by foreign matter, which is characterized in that institute It includes at least one camera to state collecting unit, and the upper position in the front windshield is arranged in the camera.
10. a kind of vehicle, which is characterized in that prevent front windshield by foreign matter including such as claim 1-9 any one of them The control system of shock.
CN201810495098.0A 2018-05-22 2018-05-22 Control system for preventing front windshield from being impacted by foreign matters and vehicle Active CN108725150B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN108725150B CN108725150B (en) 2020-05-19

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109466510A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-03-15 厦门理工学院 Rain shaving blade adhesive tape fault detection method and detection system based on rainwater residual scratch
CN110281842A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-09-27 王凯 A kind of reminding method and device based on automotive window
CN111497771A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-08-07 一汽奔腾轿车有限公司 Front windshield airbag early warning starting system according to momentum of flying object outside vehicle

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CN207173246U (en) * 2017-09-01 2018-04-03 冉建国 Shield glass safety device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2338199Y (en) * 1998-10-15 1999-09-15 常熟专用汽车制造厂 Lifting/lowering window for shooting use
RU2223185C2 (en) * 2002-04-25 2004-02-10 Куваев Владимир Яковлевич Safe car (versions)
WO2011007536A1 (en) * 2009-07-13 2011-01-20 Terakawa Eitaro Rain spoiler
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109466510A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-03-15 厦门理工学院 Rain shaving blade adhesive tape fault detection method and detection system based on rainwater residual scratch
CN110281842A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-09-27 王凯 A kind of reminding method and device based on automotive window
CN110281842B (en) * 2019-05-09 2020-09-01 王凯 Prompting method and device based on automobile window
CN111497771A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-08-07 一汽奔腾轿车有限公司 Front windshield airbag early warning starting system according to momentum of flying object outside vehicle

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