CN108718206A - Antenna module, electronic equipment, method of controlling antenna and storage medium - Google Patents

Antenna module, electronic equipment, method of controlling antenna and storage medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108718206A
CN108718206A CN201810411564.2A CN201810411564A CN108718206A CN 108718206 A CN108718206 A CN 108718206A CN 201810411564 A CN201810411564 A CN 201810411564A CN 108718206 A CN108718206 A CN 108718206A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
antenna
sub
electronic equipment
end
antenna structure
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810411564.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾亮
周林
Original Assignee
Oppo广东移动通信有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Oppo广东移动通信有限公司 filed Critical Oppo广东移动通信有限公司
Priority to CN201810411564.2A priority Critical patent/CN108718206A/en
Publication of CN108718206A publication Critical patent/CN108718206A/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/2258Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles used with computer equipment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q21/00Antenna arrays or systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q21/00Antenna arrays or systems
    • H01Q21/30Combinations of separate antenna units operating in different wavebands and connected to a common feeder system
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • H04B7/06Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the transmitting station
    • H04B7/0602Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the transmitting station using antenna switching
    • H04B7/0608Antenna selection according to transmission parameters
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • H04B7/08Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station
    • H04B7/0802Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station using antenna selection
    • H04B7/0825Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station using antenna selection with main and with auxiliary or diversity antennas

Abstract

A kind of antenna module of the embodiment of the present application offer, electronic equipment, method of controlling antenna and storage medium, the antenna module include first antenna, the second antenna and control switch;First antenna is arranged in the first corner of the electronic equipment;Second antenna is arranged in the third corner of the electronic equipment, and the third corner is arranged with first corner for relative angle;Control switch is electrically connected with the first antenna and second antenna respectively, the control switch is for when the electronic equipment running game is applied and transverse screen is displayed in full screen, according to the signal quality value of the first antenna and second antenna, by the big main collection antenna of conduct of signal quality value in the first antenna and second antenna, another is as diversity antenna.It can ensure when interface transverse screen is displayed in full screen, stable and preferable antenna performance can be obtained.

Description

Antenna module, electronic equipment, method of controlling antenna and storage medium

Technical field

This application involves technical field of electronic equipment, more particularly to a kind of antenna module, electronic equipment, method of controlling antenna And storage medium.

Background technology

With the raising of the development and electronic equipment intelligence degree of network technology, user can be realized by electronic equipment More and more functions, such as call, chat, object for appreciation game etc..Wherein, user is playing game, web page browsing using electronic equipment In the transmission of signal is realized by the antenna of electronic equipment.

During user's routine use electronic equipment, often transverse screen is displayed in full screen game application, and user's both hands are same Shi Jinhang game operations in operation can influence the antenna of electronic equipment, and then influence antenna performance.

Invention content

A kind of antenna module of the embodiment of the present application offer, electronic equipment, method of controlling antenna and storage medium, can improve Antenna performance of the electronic equipment when transverse screen is displayed in full screen game application.

The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of antenna module, is applied to electronic equipment, including:

First antenna is arranged in the first corner of the electronic equipment;

Second antenna is arranged in the third corner of the electronic equipment, and the third corner is phase with first corner Diagonal setting;

Control switch, is electrically connected with the first antenna and second antenna respectively, and the control switch is for working as institute When stating the application of electronic equipment running game and transverse screen full screen display, according to the signal matter of the first antenna and second antenna Magnitude, by the big main collection antenna of conduct of signal quality value in the first antenna and second antenna, another is as diversity Antenna.

The embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of electronic equipment, including metal center and control to switch;

The metal center includes main part and is arranged first end and the second end at the main part both ends, The first gap is equipped between the first end and the main part, the first end is connect with the main part by first Portion connects, and the second gap is equipped between the second end and the main part, and the second end passes through with the main part Second connecting portion connects;

The first end includes first antenna, and the first antenna is arranged in the first corner of the first end, institute It includes the second antenna to state the second end, and second antenna is arranged in the third corner of the second end, the third corner It is arranged for relative angle with first corner;

The control switch is electrically connected with the first antenna and second antenna respectively, and the control switch is for working as When the electronic equipment running game application and transverse screen full screen display, according to the signal of the first antenna and second antenna Mass value, by the big main collection antenna of conduct of signal quality value in the first antenna and second antenna, another, which is used as, divides Collect antenna.

The embodiment of the present application also provides method of controlling antenna, is applied to electronic equipment, and the electronic equipment includes first day Line, the second antenna and control switch, the relative angle in the electronic equipment, institute is arranged in the first antenna and second antenna Control switch is stated to be electrically connected with the first antenna and second antenna respectively, the method includes:

When electronic equipment running game application and transverse screen full screen display, the first signal of the first antenna is obtained The second signal mass value of mass value and second antenna;

If first signal quality value is more than the second signal mass value, using the first antenna as main collection day Line, the second antenna is as diversity antenna;

If first signal quality value be less than or equal to the second signal mass value, using second antenna as Main collection antenna, first antenna is as diversity antenna.

The embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of storage medium, computer program is stored in the storage medium, when described When computer program is run on computers so that the computer executes above-mentioned method of controlling antenna.

Antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application includes first antenna, the second antenna and control switch;First antenna is set It sets in the first corner of electronic equipment;Second antenna is arranged in the third corner of electronic equipment, and third corner is with the first corner Relative angle is arranged;Control switch is electrically connected with first antenna and the second antenna respectively, and control switch when electronic equipment for running When game application and transverse screen full screen display, according to the signal quality value of first antenna and the second antenna, by first antenna and second The main collection antenna of the big conduct of signal quality value in antenna, another is as diversity antenna.When electronic equipment running game application and When transverse screen is displayed in full screen, user's both hands are held in the both ends of electronic equipment respectively, are carried out at the same time game operation, such as left hand controlling party To right hand control shooting holds electronic equipment both ends and can be had an impact to the performance of antenna, at this point, root in operation According to the signal quality value of first antenna and the second antenna, by the big main collection of conduct of signal quality value in first antenna and the second antenna Antenna, another is as diversity antenna, it is ensured that when interface transverse screen is displayed in full screen, can obtain stable and preferable Antenna performance.

Description of the drawings

In order to more clearly explain the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some embodiments of the present application, for For those skilled in the art, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other attached Figure.

Fig. 1 is the first structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 2 is second of structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 4 is the third structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 5 is the 4th kind of structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 6 is the 5th kind of structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Fig. 7 is the flow diagram of method of controlling antenna provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Specific implementation mode

Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present application, technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes.Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of embodiments of the present application, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the application, the every other implementation that those skilled in the art are obtained under the premise of not making the creative labor Example, belongs to the protection domain of the application.

Term " first ", " second ", " third " in the description and claims of this application and above-mentioned attached drawing etc. (if present) is for distinguishing similar object, without being used to describe specific sequence or precedence.It should be appreciated that this The object of sample description can be interchanged in the appropriate case.In addition, term " comprising " and " having " and their any deformation, meaning Figure, which is to cover, non-exclusive includes.For example, containing the process of series of steps, method or containing a series of modules or list The device of member, electronic equipment, system those of are not necessarily limited to clearly to list step or module or unit, can also include not having The step of clearly listing or module or unit can also include for these processes, method, apparatus, electronic equipment or system Intrinsic other steps or module or unit.

A kind of method of controlling antenna of the embodiment of the present application offer, antenna module, electronic equipment and storage medium.It will divide below It is not described in detail.The antenna module can be arranged in the electronic equipment, which can be smart mobile phone, tablet Apparatus such as computer.

Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the first structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.In the implementation In example, electronic equipment 100 includes display screen 10, center 20, circuit board 30, battery 40 and rear cover 50.

Wherein, display screen 10 is mounted on rear cover 50, to form the display surface of electronic equipment 100.Display screen 10 is as electricity The front housing of sub- equipment 100 forms a receiving space, other electronic components or work(for accommodating electronic equipment 100 with rear cover 50 It can module.Meanwhile display screen 10 forms the display surface of electronic equipment 100, for showing the information such as image, text.Display screen 10 Can be liquid crystal display (Liquid Crystal Display, LCD) or organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display screen (Organic Light-Emitting Diode, OLED) etc. types display screen.

In some embodiments, glass cover-plate can be provided on display screen 10.Wherein, glass cover-plate can cover display Screen 10, to be protected to display screen 10, prevents display screen 10 to be scraped off or by Water Damage.

In some embodiments, display screen 10 may include display area 11 and non-display area 12.Wherein, viewing area Domain 11 executes the display function of display screen 10, for showing the information such as image, text.Non-display area 12 does not show information.It is non- Display area 12 can be used for that the function modules such as camera, receiver, proximity sensor are arranged.In some embodiments, non-aobvious Show that region 12 may include positioned at least one region of 11 upper and lower part of display area.

Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is second of structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.In the implementation In example, display screen 10 can be to shield comprehensively.At this point, display screen 10 can be displayed in full screen information, to electronic equipment 100 have compared with Big screen accounting.Display screen 10 only includes display area 11, without including non-display area.At this point, taking the photograph in electronic equipment 100 As the function modules such as head, proximity sensor can be hidden in the lower section of display screen 10, and the fingerprint recognition module of electronic equipment 100 can To be arranged at the back side of electronic equipment 100.

Center 20 can be lamellar or laminar structure, or hollow frame structure.Wherein, center 20 can To be housed in the receiving space that above-mentioned display screen 10 is formed with rear cover 50.Center 20 is used for as the electronics in electronic equipment 100 Element or function module provide a supporting role, and the electronic component in electronic equipment, function module are mounted together.For example, The function modules such as camera, receiver, circuit board, battery in electronic equipment can be installed on center 20 to be consolidated It is fixed.In some embodiments, the material of center 20 may include metal or plastic cement.

Circuit board 30 is mounted on inside above-mentioned receiving space.For example, circuit board 30 may be mounted on center 20, and in Frame 20 is housed in together in above-mentioned receiving space.Circuit board 30 can be the mainboard of electronic equipment 100.It is provided on circuit board 30 Earth point, to realize the ground connection of circuit board 30.Motor, microphone, loud speaker, receiver, ear can be integrated on circuit board 30 Machine interface, Universal Serial Bus Interface (USB interface), camera, proximity sensor, ambient light sensor, gyroscope and place Manage one or more of function modules such as device.Meanwhile display screen 10 can be electrically connected to circuit board 30.

In some embodiments, it is provided with display control circuit on circuit board 30.Display control circuit is defeated to display screen 10 Go out electric signal, information is shown with control display screen 10.

Battery 40 is mounted on inside above-mentioned receiving space.For example, battery 40 may be mounted on center 20, and with center 20 It is housed in together in above-mentioned receiving space.Battery 40 can be electrically connected to circuit board 30, to realize battery 40 for electronic equipment 100 Power supply.Wherein, electric power management circuit can be provided on circuit board 30.The voltage that electric power management circuit is used to provide on battery 40 The each electronic component being assigned in electronic equipment 100.

Rear cover 50 is used to form the exterior contour of electronic equipment 100.Rear cover 50 can be integrally formed.In the molding of rear cover 50 In the process, the structures such as rear camera hole, fingerprint recognition module mounting hole can be formed on rear cover 50.

During the screen accounting of the display screen of electronic equipment is continuously improved, for example, being changed to from display screen shown in FIG. 1 Display screen as shown in Figure 2, screen is smaller and smaller at a distance from center, and the empty regions for leaving center antenna for are also smaller and smaller, Antenna performance is also affected, and therefore, a kind of antenna module of the embodiment of the present application offer and electronic equipment can be in narrow headroom items Solve the problems, such as that the antenna performance of the transverse screen under game mode is bad under part.The antenna of the embodiment of the present application is described more detail below Component and electronic equipment.

Referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.The antenna module includes First antenna 61, the second antenna 62 and control switch 82.

First antenna 61 is arranged in the first corner 71 of electronic equipment 100.

Second antenna 62 is arranged in the third corner 73 of electronic equipment 100, and third corner 73 and the first corner 71 are opposite Angle is arranged.

Control switch 82 is electrically connected with first antenna 61 and the second antenna 62 respectively, and control switch 82 is for working as electronic equipment When 100 running games are applied and transverse screen is displayed in full screen, according to the signal quality value of first antenna 61 and the second antenna 62, by first The big main collection antenna of conduct of signal quality value in antenna 61 and the second antenna 62, another is as diversity antenna.

When the application of 100 running game of electronic equipment and transverse screen full screen display, user's both hands are held in electronic equipment respectively 100 both ends, are carried out at the same time game operation, and such as left hand control direction, right hand control shooting in operation, sets electronics Standby 100 both ends hold and can be had an impact to the performance of antenna, at this point, the radio-frequency module 81 inside electronic equipment 100 passes through control Switch 82 is separately connected first antenna and the second antenna, according to the signal quality value of first antenna 61 and the second antenna 62, by The big main collection antenna of conduct of signal quality value in one antenna 61 and the second antenna 62, another is as diversity antenna, it is ensured that When interface transverse screen is displayed in full screen, stable and preferable antenna performance can be obtained.Wherein, first antenna 61 and second day Line 62 is separately positioned on the opposite diagonal position of electronic equipment 100, in this way, either left transverse screen or right transverse screen, all there are one Antenna will not be held by the hand of user.Wherein, main collection antenna is performed simultaneously the transmitting and reception of signal, and diversity antenna only receives letter Number without emit signal.Double-point double-throw switch may be used in control switch 82, and the main collection of first input end connection radio-frequency module connects Mouthful, the second input terminal connects the diversity interface of radio-frequency module, and the first output end connects first antenna 61, second output terminal connection the Two antennas 62.

Referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 4 is the third structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronics is set Standby 100 include metal center 20 and control switch 82.

Metal center 20 includes main part 21 and is arranged first end 22 and the second end at 21 both ends of main part 23, the first gap is equipped between first end 22 and main part 21, first end 22 is connected with main part 21 by first connecting portion It connects, the second gap is equipped between the second end 23 and main part 21, the second end 23 is connected with main part 21 by second connecting portion It connects;

First end 22 includes first antenna 61, and first antenna 61 is arranged in the first corner 71 of first end 22, and second End 23 includes the second antenna 62, and the second antenna 62 is arranged in the third corner 73 of the second end 23, third corner 73 and first Corner 71 is arranged for relative angle;

Control switch 82 is electrically connected with first antenna 61 and the second antenna 62 respectively, and control switch 82 is for working as electronic equipment When 100 running games are applied and transverse screen is displayed in full screen, according to the signal quality value of first antenna 61 and the second antenna 62, by first The big main collection antenna of conduct of signal quality value in antenna 61 and the second antenna 62, another is as diversity antenna.

When the application of 100 running game of electronic equipment and transverse screen full screen display, user's both hands are held in electronic equipment respectively 100 both ends, are carried out at the same time game operation, and such as left hand control direction, right hand control shooting in operation, sets electronics Standby 100 both ends hold and can be had an impact to the performance of antenna, at this point, according to the signal quality of first antenna 61 and the second antenna 62 Value, by the big main collection antenna of conduct of signal quality value in first antenna 61 and the second antenna 62, another, can as diversity antenna To ensure when interface transverse screen is displayed in full screen, stable and preferable antenna performance can be obtained.Wherein, 61 He of first antenna Second antenna 62 is separately positioned on the opposite diagonal position of electronic equipment 100, in this way, either left transverse screen or right transverse screen, all It will not be held by the hand of user there are one antenna.Wherein, main collection antenna is performed simultaneously the transmitting and reception of signal, and diversity antenna is only Signal is received without emitting signal.

Control switch 82 may be used double-point double-throw switch, the main collection interface of first input end connection radio-frequency module, and second Input terminal connects the diversity interface of radio-frequency module, and the first output end connects first antenna 61, and second output terminal connects the second antenna 62。

Referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 5 is the 4th kind of structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.First antenna 61 include the first sub-antenna structure 611 and third sub-antenna structure 612, and the first sub-antenna structure 611 is arranged in first end 22 The first corner 71, third sub-antenna structure 612 is arranged in the centre of first end 22, the first sub-antenna structure 611 and third Third space 231 is equipped between sub-antenna structure 612.

First sub-antenna structure 611 can be used for emitting and/or receive high frequency antenna signal, the first sub-antenna structure 611 It can be used for emitting and/or receiving intermediate frequency aerial signal, third sub-antenna structure 612 is for emitting and/or receiving low frequency day Line signal.Electronic equipment 100 includes four corners, is separately positioned on top both sides and the bottom end both sides of electronic equipment 100.Its In, the first sub-antenna structure 611 is arranged in the first corner 71 of first end 22, the transmitting of the first sub-antenna structure 611 and/reception Be high frequency antenna signal, the length of the first sub-antenna structure 611 is shorter, and the antenna structure of the higher needs of frequency is shorter, therefore, 61 minor structure of first antenna is arranged in the first corner 71, and the length of occupancy is smaller, can be from the first end 22 of electronic equipment 100 Side is extended to along the first corner 71, that is, the first sub-antenna structure 611 is arc, rationally utilizes the corner of metal center 20 Position, corner location are not easy to be blocked in use.For example, 100 vertical screen of electronic equipment is in use, electronic equipment 100 The corner location on top opens wide completely, is not held by the hand of user, and antenna performance is best.Third sub-antenna structure 612 is used for Transmitting and/or reception low-frequency antenna signal, the length of third sub-antenna structure 612 is longer, and third sub-antenna structure 612 can be square Being arranged in the centre of first end 22 just, is not easy to be blocked likewise, being arranged in 100 end of electronic equipment, antenna performance Best state can be reached.Moreover, using 20 structure of of existing metal center itself, in addition antenna need not be set, can guarantee In the case of antenna performance, the intensity of metal center 20 is improved.In addition, the first sub-antenna structure 611 and third sub-antenna structure It is equipped with third space 231 between 612, the aerial signal of the first sub-antenna structure 611 and third sub-antenna structure 612 is from the third Gap 231 is launched, meanwhile, because of third space 231, between the first sub-antenna structure 611 and third sub-antenna structure 612 Isolation it is high, interfere with each other small.

It should be noted that the sub-antenna structure in the present embodiment and the following examples can be understood as emitter, son Antenna structure can be understood as the adapter circuit of emitter and the emitter.

Incorporated by reference to Fig. 6, Fig. 6 is the 5th kind of structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.First sub- day Cable architecture 611 includes first free end 6111 and with first free end 6111 opposite first adjacent with third space 231 Connecting pin 6112, the first connecting pin 6112 are connect with main part 21.

First free end 6111 of the first sub-antenna structure 611 is adjacent with third space 231, i.e., with third sub-antenna structure 612 are separately positioned on 231 both sides of third space, and the first sub-antenna structure 611 is opposite with the first free end 6,111 first to be connect End 6112 is connect with the main part 21 of metal center 20.Specifically, the first sub-antenna structure 611 can pass through the first connecting pin 6112 can be molded with main part 21 with one day, and the first sub-antenna structure 611 can also be connect by a metalwork with main part 21. Wherein, the first sub-antenna structure 611 can be grounded by the first connecting pin 6112, and the main part 21 of metal center 20 can conduct Reference ground.Be equipped with Coupling point between first sub-antenna structure, 611 both ends, the signal source of electronic equipment 100 by the Coupling point with First sub-antenna structure 611 couples, and is emitted by the Coupling point and/or reception antenna signal.Aerial signal passes through Coupling point Emit toward the first free end 6111 (i.e. 231 direction of third space) through the first sub-antenna structure 611, the first sub-antenna structure 611 First connecting pin 6112 ground connection can reduce antenna interference, while fix the first sub-antenna structure 611.

In some embodiments, third sub-antenna structure 612 includes the third free end adjacent with third space 231 6121 and the third connecting pin 6122 opposite with third free end 6121, third connecting pin 6122 connect with main part 21.

The third free end 6121 of third sub-antenna structure 612 is adjacent with third space 231, i.e., with the first sub-antenna structure 611 are separately positioned on 231 both sides of third space, and 612 third opposite with third free end 6121 of third sub-antenna structure is connect End 6122 is connect with the main part 21 of metal center 20.Specifically, third sub-antenna structure 612 can pass through third connecting pin 6122 can be molded with main part 21 with one day, and third sub-antenna structure 612 can also be connect by a metalwork with main part 21. Wherein, third sub-antenna structure 612 can be grounded by third connecting pin 6122, and the main part 21 of metal center 20 can conduct Reference ground.Be equipped with Coupling point between 612 both ends of third sub-antenna structure, the signal source of electronic equipment 100 by the Coupling point with Third sub-antenna structure 612 couples, and is emitted by the Coupling point and/or reception antenna signal.Aerial signal passes through Coupling point Emit toward third free end 6121 (i.e. 231 direction of third space) through third sub-antenna structure 612, third sub-antenna structure 612 The ground connection of third connecting pin 6122 can reduce antenna interference, while fixed third sub-antenna structure 612.

In some embodiments, the second antenna 62 includes the second sub-antenna structure 621 and the 4th sub-antenna structure 622, the Two sub-antenna structures 621 are arranged in the third corner 73 of the second end 23, and the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 is arranged in the second end 23 Centre, between the second sub-antenna structure 621 and the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 be equipped with the 4th gap 241;First sub-antenna structure 611 and second sub-antenna structure 621 receive high-frequency signal, the second sub-antenna structure 621 and the 4th antenna structure receive low frequency letter Number.

Second sub-antenna structure 621 can be used for emitting and/or receive high frequency antenna signal, the second sub-antenna structure 621 It can be used for emitting and/or receiving intermediate frequency aerial signal, the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 is for emitting and/or receiving low frequency day Line signal.Second sub-antenna structure 621 and the first sub-antenna structure 611 are used to emit and/or the aerial signal of similar frequency bands, the Four sub-antenna structures 622 are used to emit with third sub-antenna structure 612 and/or the aerial signal of similar frequency bands.

Electronic equipment 100 includes four corners, is separately positioned on top both sides and the bottom end both sides of electronic equipment 100.Its In, the second sub-antenna structure 621 is arranged in the third corner 73 of the second end 23, the transmitting of the second sub-antenna structure 621 and/reception Be high frequency antenna signal, the length of the second sub-antenna structure 621 is shorter, and the antenna structure of the higher needs of frequency is shorter, therefore, Second antenna, 62 minor structure is arranged in third corner 73, and the length of occupancy is smaller, can be from the second end 23 of electronic equipment 100 Side is extended to along third corner 73, that is, the second sub-antenna structure 621 is arc, rationally utilizes the corner of metal center 20 Position, corner location are not easy to be blocked in use.4th sub-antenna structure 622 is for emitting and/or receiving low frequency The length of aerial signal, the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 is longer, and the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 can be easily arranged in second end The centre in portion 23, likewise, setting is not easy to be blocked in 100 end of electronic equipment, antenna performance can reach best state. Moreover, using 20 structure of of existing metal center itself, in addition antenna need not be set, in the case of can guarantee antenna performance, Improve the intensity of metal center 20.In addition, being equipped between the 4th between the second sub-antenna structure 621 and the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 The aerial signal of gap 241, the second sub-antenna structure 621 and the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 is launched from the 4th gap 241, Meanwhile because of the 4th gap 241, the isolation between the second sub-antenna structure 621 and the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 is high, mutually It interferes small.

Two double-point double-throw switch, the first input end connection of first control switch 821 may be used in control switch 82 The main collection interface of high frequency of radio-frequency module, the second input terminal connect the high frequency diversity interface of radio-frequency module, the first output end connection the One sub-antenna structure 611, second output terminal connect the second sub-antenna structure 621.The first input end of second control switch 822 The main collection interface of low frequency of radio-frequency module is connected, the second input terminal connects the low frequency diversity interface of radio-frequency module, and the first output end connects Third sub-antenna structure 612 is connect, second output terminal connects the 4th sub-antenna structure 622.

In some embodiments, the second sub-antenna structure 621 includes second free end adjacent with the 4th gap 241 6211 and the second connection end 6212 opposite with the second free end 6211, second connection end 6212 connect with main part 21.

Second free end 6211 of the second sub-antenna structure 621 is adjacent with the 4th gap 241, i.e., with the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 are separately positioned on 241 both sides of the 4th gap, and the second sub-antenna structure 621 is opposite with the second free end 6,211 second to be connect End 6212 is connect with the main part 21 of metal center 20.Specifically, the second sub-antenna structure 621 can pass through second connection end 6212 can be molded with main part 21 with one day, and the second sub-antenna structure 621 can also be connect by a metalwork with main part 21. Wherein, the second sub-antenna structure 621 can be grounded by second connection end 6212, and the main part 21 of metal center 20 can conduct Reference ground.Be equipped with Coupling point between second sub-antenna structure, 621 both ends, the signal source of electronic equipment 100 by the Coupling point with Second sub-antenna structure 621 couples, and is emitted by the Coupling point and/or reception antenna signal.Aerial signal passes through Coupling point Emit toward the second free end 6211 (i.e. 241 direction of the 4th gap) through the second sub-antenna structure 621, the second sub-antenna structure 621 The ground connection of second connection end 6212 can reduce antenna interference, while fix the second sub-antenna structure 621.

In some embodiments, the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 includes fourth free end adjacent with the 4th gap 241 6221 and fiveth free end 6222 opposite with the 4th free end 6221, the of the 5th free end 6222 and metal center 20 The 5th gap 251 is equipped between 4th corner 74 of two ends 23.

4th sub-antenna structure 622 includes the 4th free end 6221 and the 5th free end 6222 being oppositely arranged, four selfs It is disposed adjacent with the 4th gap 241 by end 6221, the 4th side of the 5th free end 6222 and the second end 23 of metal center 20 Between angle 74 be equipped with the 5th gap 251, that is, the 4th antenna structure is arranged in the centre of the second end 23, meanwhile, both ends respectively with Two corners of metal center 20 detach, corresponding with the third sub-antenna structure 612 of first end 22, with the second sub-antenna knot 621 isolation of structure is high, interferes with each other small.

In some embodiments, the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 is equipped with connecting interface 75, connecting interface 75 and electronic equipment It is fixedly connected inside 100, connecting interface 75 with external equipment for connecting.

4th sub-antenna structure 622 is equipped with connecting interface 75, and the connecting interface 75 with external equipment for connecting, example Such as, which can be one or two in earphone interface, charging interface.4th sub-antenna structure 622 passes through this It is fixedly connected inside connecting interface 75 and electronic equipment 100.At the same time it can also be grounded by connecting interface 75.In the 4th sub- day Sound outlet hole can also be set in cable architecture 622, for sound of raising one's voice to its utmost outside loudspeaker.Infrared mouth can also be set, it is logical for infrared ray It crosses.Microphone opening can also be set, for passing through for voice signal.

Alternatively, it is also possible to be arranged in connecting interface 75, sound outlet hole, infrared mouth, microphone opening etc. in third antenna structure It is one or more.

In some embodiments, the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 is equipped with earth point 63,63 adjacent 5th gap of earth point 251 or the 4th gap 241 be arranged.

Earth point 63 can be specially set in the 4th sub-antenna structure 622, which can be with adjacent 5th gap 251 Setting, in this way, signal source emits aerial signal along the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 toward the 4th gap 241.The earth point 63 can be with Adjacent 4th gap 241 setting, in this way, signal source sends out aerial signal along the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 toward the 5th gap 251 It penetrates.Two earth points 63 can be set simultaneously in the 4th sub-antenna structure 622, adjacent 4th gap 241 of the first earth point is arranged, Adjacent 5th gap 251 setting of second earth point, two earth points are by a switching switch control, so that the 4th sub-antenna knot Structure 622 is connected in synchronization with the first earth point or the second earth point, controls aerial signal toward the 4th sub-antenna structure 622 4th free end 6221 emits, or emits toward the 5th free end 6222, that is, toward the left side of electronic equipment 100 the second end 23 or Right side emits, and improves antenna performance.

In some embodiments, the first end 22 of metal center 20 further includes Wireless Fidelity antenna 64, Wireless Fidelity day Line 64 is arranged in the second corner 72 of first end 22, and the is equipped between Wireless Fidelity antenna 64 and third sub-antenna structure 612 Six gaps 261, fiveth connecting pin of the Wireless Fidelity antenna 64 far from the 6th gap 261 are connect with main part 21.

Wireless Fidelity (WIreless-FIdelity, WIFI) antenna is arranged in the second corner 72 of first end 22, wirelessly The 6th gap 261 is equipped between fidelity antenna 64 and third sub-antenna structure 612, that is, Wireless Fidelity antenna 64 and third day Cable architecture 612 is arranged in 261 both sides of the 6th gap, fiveth connecting pin and master of the Wireless Fidelity antenna 64 far from the 6th gap 261 Body portion 21 connects.Specifically, Wireless Fidelity antenna 64 can be molded by the 5th connecting pin and main part 21 with one day, wirelessly Fidelity antenna 64 can also be connect by a metalwork with main part 21.Wherein Wireless Fidelity antenna 64 can pass through the 5th connection The main part 21 of end ground connection, metal center 20 can be used as with reference to ground.Coupling point, electricity are equipped between 64 both ends of Wireless Fidelity antenna The signal source of sub- equipment 100 is coupled by the Coupling point with Wireless Fidelity antenna 64, and is emitted and/or received by the Coupling point Aerial signal.Aerial signal is emitted through Wireless Fidelity antenna 64 toward 261 direction of the 6th gap by Coupling point, Wireless Fidelity antenna 64 the 5th connecting pins ground connection can reduce antenna interference, while fix the first sub-antenna structure 611.

In some embodiments, the third connecting pin 6122 of third sub-antenna structure 612 passes through a joint portion and main part 21 connections, the Wireless Fidelity antenna 64 are detached with the joint portion with the 6th gap 261, and metal center 20 corresponds to the second corner 72 It further includes 5G antennas to set, and 5G antennas one end is adjacent with the 6th gap 261, and the 5G antennas other end is connected with the portion of joint, 5G antennas Length is shorter, and Coupling point is arranged between 5G antenna ends, and 5G signals emit along 5G antennas toward the 6th gap 261 from Coupling point.

In some embodiments, 5G antennas can be arranged and be covered after, are no longer arranged on frame 20 in a metal, improve 5G The isolation of antenna and other antennas, interferes with each other small, and the antenna performance of 5G antennas is more preferable.Specifically, 5G antennas can conduct Paster antenna setting covers after.

Wherein, the first sub-antenna structure 611, the second sub-antenna structure 621, third sub-antenna structure 621 and the 4th sub- day Adapter circuit can be arranged in one or more sub-antenna structures in cable architecture 622, which may include multiple capacitances, more The devices such as a inductance are switched to different frequency ranges for sub-antenna structure by selecting different capacitance and/or inductance.

In some embodiments, the first end 22 of metal center 20 is top, and the second end 23 is bottom, the first corner 71 be the right side of first end 22, the i.e. upper right corner of metal center 20, and the second corner 72 is the upper left corner of metal center 20, third Corner 73 is the lower left corner of metal center 20, and the 4th corner 74 is the lower right corner of metal center 20.Certainly, first end 22 also may be used Think that bottom, the second end 23 can also tops.First corner 71 or the left side of first end 22, the second corner 72 It can be the right side of first end 22.

It should be noted that the first gap 221 between the main part 21 and first end 22 of metal center 20, with The second gap 222 between two ends 23 can fill nonconducting substance such as plastic cement, make main part 21,22 and of first end Second end 23 is connected.Third space 231, the 5th gap 251, can also be filled out in the 6th gap 261 the 4th gap 241 Nonconducting substance such as plastic cement is filled, the intensity of metal center 20 is improved.

Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 7 is the flow diagram of method of controlling antenna provided by the embodiments of the present application.The application is implemented The method of controlling antenna that example provides is applied to electronic equipment, which can be as follows:

110, when the application of electronic equipment running game and transverse screen full screen display, obtain the first signal quality of first antenna The second signal mass value of value and the second antenna.

Wherein, first antenna and the second antenna can be used for receiving wireless signal, certain first antenna and the second antenna It can be used for sending wireless signal.

In original state, electronic equipment includes at least first antenna and the second antenna, wherein first antenna and the second antenna For receiving wireless signal.When receiving wireless signal using first antenna and the second antenna, first antenna can be obtained in real time The first signal quality value and second signal mass value of the wireless signal received with the second antenna.First signal quality value can root It calculates, can also be come out according to error rate calculation according to the packet loss of wireless signal, for example, the first signal accuracy is (100%- packet loss), or (the 100%- bit error rates).The bit error rate (symbol error rate, SER) is to weigh data providing The index of data transmission accuracy in time.The gross yards * 100% that the bit error rate=error code in transmission/is transmitted.First signal Mass value may be the signal strength of the wireless signal received, for example, -50dbm.First signal quality value may be Received signal code power (Received Signal Code Power, RSCP).First signal quality value can be with wireless signal Source is directly proportional at a distance from electronic equipment.First signal quality value is also by other signal sources, obstruction (wall, signal source week The metal on side) etc. influence.First signal quality value can also be calculated according to standing-wave ratio etc..

Similarly, the computational methods that second signal mass value may be used as the first signal quality value obtain.

120, if the first signal quality value is more than second signal mass value, using first antenna as main collection antenna, second Antenna is as diversity antenna.

130, if the first signal quality value is less than or equal to second signal mass value, using the second antenna as main collection day Line, first antenna is as diversity antenna.

It is more than second signal mass value according to the first signal quality value, by signal quality value in first antenna and the second antenna The main collection antenna of conduct of bigger, signal quality value is smaller to be used as diversity antenna, improves the integrated antenna performance of electronic equipment.

In some embodiments, the signal quality value that first antenna and the second antenna can be detected in real time, then according to reality When the signal quality value that detects controlled.

In some embodiments, the difference of the signal quality value of first antenna and the second antenna needs to be more than predetermined threshold value It switches over, in case frequent switching causes antenna performance bad.

The embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of storage medium, and computer program is stored in storage medium, when computer journey When sequence is run on computers, computer executes the method for controlling antenna of any of the above-described embodiment.

It should be noted that one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that whole in the various methods of above-described embodiment or Part steps are relevant hardware can be instructed to complete by computer program, and computer program can be stored in computer In readable storage medium storing program for executing, storage medium can include but is not limited to:It is read-only memory (ROM, Read Only Memory), random Access memory (RAM, Random Access Memory), disk or CD etc..

Antenna module, electronic equipment, method of controlling antenna and the storage medium that the embodiment of the present application is provided above into It has gone and has been discussed in detail.Specific examples are used herein to illustrate the principle and implementation manner of the present application, the above implementation The explanation of example is merely used to help understand the present processes and its core concept;Meanwhile for those skilled in the art, according to According to the thought of the application, there will be changes in the specific implementation manner and application range, and to sum up, the content of the present specification is not answered It is interpreted as the limitation to the application.

Claims (13)

1. a kind of antenna module is applied to electronic equipment, which is characterized in that including:
First antenna is arranged in the first corner of the electronic equipment;
Second antenna is arranged in the third corner of the electronic equipment, and the third corner is relative angle with first corner Setting;
Control switch, is electrically connected with the first antenna and second antenna respectively, and the control switch is for working as the electricity When sub- equipment running game application and transverse screen full screen display, according to the signal quality of the first antenna and second antenna Value, by the big main collection antenna of conduct of signal quality value in the first antenna and second antenna, another is as diversity day Line.
2. a kind of electronic equipment, which is characterized in that switched including metal center and control;
The metal center includes main part and first end and the second end at the main part both ends is arranged, described The first gap is equipped between first end and the main part, the first end is connected with the main part by first connecting portion It connects, the second gap is equipped between the second end and the main part, the second end passes through second with the main part Interconnecting piece connects;
The first end includes first antenna, and the first antenna is arranged in the first corner of the first end, and described Two ends include the second antenna, and second antenna is arranged in the third corner of the second end, the third corner and institute The first corner is stated for relative angle to be arranged;
The control switch is electrically connected with the first antenna and second antenna respectively, and the control switch is for when described When electronic equipment running game is applied and transverse screen is displayed in full screen, according to the signal quality of the first antenna and second antenna Value, by the big main collection antenna of conduct of signal quality value in the first antenna and second antenna, another is as diversity day Line.
3. electronic equipment according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the first antenna include the first sub-antenna structure and Third sub-antenna structure, the first sub-antenna structure setting is in the first corner of the first end, the third sub-antenna Structure setting is equipped with the between the centre of the first end, the first sub-antenna structure and the third sub-antenna structure Three gaps.
4. electronic equipment according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the first sub-antenna structure includes and third space The first adjacent free end and first connecting pin opposite with first free end, first connecting pin and the master Body portion connects.
5. electronic equipment according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the third sub-antenna structure includes and third space Adjacent third free end and the third connecting pin opposite with the third free end, the third connecting pin and the master Body portion connects.
6. electronic equipment according to claim 2, which is characterized in that second antenna include the second sub-antenna structure and 4th sub-antenna structure, the second sub-antenna structure setting is in the third corner of the second end, the 4th sub-antenna Structure setting is equipped with the between the centre of the second end, the second sub-antenna structure and the 4th sub-antenna structure Four gaps;
The first sub-antenna structure and the second sub-antenna structure receive high-frequency signal, the second sub-antenna structure and institute It states the 4th antenna structure and receives low frequency signal.
7. electronic equipment according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the second sub-antenna structure includes and the 4th gap The second adjacent free end and the second connection end opposite with second free end, the second connection end and the master Body portion connects.
8. electronic equipment according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the 4th sub-antenna structure includes and the 4th gap The 4th adjacent free end and fiveth free end opposite with the 4th free end, the 5th free end and the gold It is equipped with the 5th gap between 4th corner of the second end of category center.
9. electronic equipment according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the 4th sub-antenna structure is equipped with and connects Mouthful, the connecting interface is fixedly connected with the electronic equipment internal, and the connecting interface with external equipment for connecting.
10. electronic equipment according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the 4th sub-antenna is equipped with earth point, described Adjacent 5th gap of earth point or the 4th gap setting.
11. electronic equipment according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the first end of the metal center further includes nothing Line fidelity antenna, the Wireless Fidelity antenna are arranged in the second corner of the first end, the Wireless Fidelity antenna and institute It states and is equipped with the 6th gap, fiveth connecting pin of the Wireless Fidelity antenna far from the 6th gap between third sub-antenna structure It is connect with the main part.
12. a kind of method of controlling antenna, it is applied to electronic equipment, which is characterized in that the electronic equipment includes first antenna, the Two antennas and control switch, and the relative angle in the electronic equipment, the control is arranged in the first antenna and second antenna System switch is electrically connected with the first antenna and second antenna respectively, the method includes:
When electronic equipment running game application and transverse screen full screen display, the first signal quality of the first antenna is obtained The second signal mass value of value and second antenna;
If first signal quality value is more than the second signal mass value, using the first antenna as main collection antenna, Second antenna is as diversity antenna;
If first signal quality value is less than or equal to the second signal mass value, using second antenna as main collection Antenna, first antenna is as diversity antenna.
13. a kind of storage medium, which is characterized in that computer program is stored in the storage medium, when the computer journey When sequence is run on computers so that the computer perform claim requires the method for controlling antenna described in 12.
CN201810411564.2A 2018-05-02 2018-05-02 Antenna module, electronic equipment, method of controlling antenna and storage medium CN108718206A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810411564.2A CN108718206A (en) 2018-05-02 2018-05-02 Antenna module, electronic equipment, method of controlling antenna and storage medium

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810411564.2A CN108718206A (en) 2018-05-02 2018-05-02 Antenna module, electronic equipment, method of controlling antenna and storage medium

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN108718206A true CN108718206A (en) 2018-10-30

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040257283A1 (en) * 2003-06-19 2004-12-23 International Business Machines Corporation Antennas integrated with metallic display covers of computing devices
CN204538197U (en) * 2015-02-16 2015-08-05 苏州国质信网络通讯有限公司 Portable wireless telecom equipment's metal frame antenna
CN104993855A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-10-21 深圳市万普拉斯科技有限公司 Method for switching antennas in communication terminal, and communication terminal
CN105281819A (en) * 2015-10-31 2016-01-27 东莞酷派软件技术有限公司 Antenna switching method and terminal
CN205846212U (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-12-28 瑞声科技(新加坡)有限公司 Whole frequency band antenna structure of mobile phole

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040257283A1 (en) * 2003-06-19 2004-12-23 International Business Machines Corporation Antennas integrated with metallic display covers of computing devices
CN204538197U (en) * 2015-02-16 2015-08-05 苏州国质信网络通讯有限公司 Portable wireless telecom equipment's metal frame antenna
CN104993855A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-10-21 深圳市万普拉斯科技有限公司 Method for switching antennas in communication terminal, and communication terminal
CN105281819A (en) * 2015-10-31 2016-01-27 东莞酷派软件技术有限公司 Antenna switching method and terminal
CN205846212U (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-12-28 瑞声科技(新加坡)有限公司 Whole frequency band antenna structure of mobile phole

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