CN108713490A - A kind of family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions - Google Patents

A kind of family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108713490A
CN108713490A CN201810445700.XA CN201810445700A CN108713490A CN 108713490 A CN108713490 A CN 108713490A CN 201810445700 A CN201810445700 A CN 201810445700A CN 108713490 A CN108713490 A CN 108713490A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
vegetables
family
provisions
units
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810445700.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯英娜
董慧
张彪
魏书培
孙颖
刘叶琼
解振强
蔡善亚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry filed Critical Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
Priority to CN201810445700.XA priority Critical patent/CN108713490A/en
Publication of CN108713490A publication Critical patent/CN108713490A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/30Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation
    • C02F1/32Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation with ultra-violet light
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions of the present invention, including:Planting tray;Fish jar, bottom are equipped with the first water pump, and the first water pump is connected with outlet pipe of the water outlet towards flase floor;Water treating pond has from top to bottom been sequentially arranged flase floor, sterilizing unit, biology sewage treatment equipment and active carbon layer in the water treating pond;The bottom of water treating pond is additionally provided with the second water pump;Water flow buffer case is equipped with two exit branch, wherein the first exit branch into planting tray for supplying water, the second exit branch supplies water into fish jar;One end of water inlet pipe, the water inlet pipe connects the second water pump, and the other end is connected with water flow buffer case.The present apparatus it is easy to operate and can automatic autotrophy the characteristics such as automatically supply, the problems such as plant excessive growth blade wilting root system rots can be solved.

Description

A kind of family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions
Technical field
The present invention relates to vegetables production equipment more particularly to a kind of family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions.
Background technology
Vegetables are non-staple food irreplaceable in people's daily life, are vitamin, mine necessary to maintaining health The main source of substance and dietary fiber.In the 21st century, world vegetable consumption amount increases by 5% or more every year.According to this growth Amplitude calculates, and the whole world increases more than 4,000 ten thousand tons of vegetable consumption, 12.8 hundred million tons are up to aggregate consumption in 2015 every year.But by Increase in external labor cost, and vegetables have management cost high, the low disadvantage of profit margin leads to the vegetables of developed country Yield is reduced, this just provides wide space for the development of China vegetables.And with being continuously increased for national income, purchase The enhancing of power, people's lives level are continuously improved, and there are huge markets in terms of family's vegetables production.Only oneself gives birth to personally The vegetables of production do not use any fertilizer and drug, can produce and meet nuisanceless and ecological organic vegetables.Certainly if there is one kind Dynamicization household production equipment production pollution-free vegetable, organic vegetable, flowers, etc. unsoundness, expense is low, without carbon emission, ring The effects that protecting and capable of reusing is with certain foreground.
Therefore, family's agricultural vegetables production equipment demand is big at present, and urban building family utilizes balcony, the free time such as parlor Space carries out vegetables production, not only environmental protection but also green, health and safety, it may have beautify the effect of home environment;Winter, family took Warm period longer area, family's average room temperature temperature are suitble to the growth of vegetables;On dining table, really realizes and now eats the vegetables now adopted, It dips in sauce to eat, cold and dressed with sauce or chafing dish dish is directly placed on dining table.It is the new lover that future home is had a dinner party;Island carry out vegetables Nursery and plantation can reduce land vegetable supply cost, improve island living space.
But main problem existing for this family vegetables production equipment is simple in structure complicated for operation without automatic now Autotrophy such as automatically supplies at the characteristics, if user does not have certain agriculture basic knowledge and also results in plant excessive growth blade wilting root The problems such as system rots.
Invention content
Goal of the invention:To solve the problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of family vegetables process units, operations It is easy and can automatic autotrophy the characteristics such as automatically supply.
Technical solution:Family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions of the present invention, including:
Planting tray;
The bottom of fish jar, the fish jar is equipped with the first water pump, and the first water pump is connected with outlet pipe of the water outlet towards flase floor;
Water treating pond has from top to bottom been sequentially arranged flase floor, sterilizing unit, biological sewage processing dress in the water treating pond It sets and active carbon layer;The bottom of the water treating pond is additionally provided with the second water pump;
Water flow buffer case, for accommodating the buffering processed water of water treating pond;The water flow buffer case is equipped with two water outlets Branch pipe, wherein the first exit branch into planting tray for supplying water, the second exit branch supplies water into fish jar;
One end of water inlet pipe, the water inlet pipe connects the second water pump, and the other end is connected with water flow buffer case.
Preferably, support plate that is horizontal and being provided with permeable hole is equipped in the planting tray, support plate divides planting tray It is divided into growing area and flow area, flow area is connected with the first exit branch.
Preferably, growing area includes being set to the water sucting medium layer above support plate and the plantation on water sucting medium layer Matrix.
Preferably, the flow area is connected with third outlet pipe of the outlet towards fish jar.
Preferably, the side of the fish jar is fixed with microcomputer, microcomputer be connected with for planting plants into The light supplementing lamp for plants of row illumination.
Preferably, the flow inlet of the first exit branch is in the top of the flow inlet of the second exit branch, and second The pipeline of exit branch is equipped with valve.
Preferably, the bottom of fish jar has inclined-plane.
Preferably, the sterilizing unit is ultraviolet germicidal lamp, is specifically as follows submerged type UV ultraviolet germicidal lamps.
Preferably, the biology sewage treatment equipment is bacterium room.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, the device of the invention water and can supply nutrients in sufficiently cleaned up fish jar for planting tray, be handled by water treating pond The water crossed can meet the water quality requirement of the aquatic animals such as fish, while also be rich in nutrient, and the nutrition for becoming planting plants comes Source.
2, it can solve the problems, such as that vegetable aquaculture supplies oxygen, solve the problems such as plant leaf blade wilting root system rots.
3, illumination is insufficient in balcony, and the present invention is configured with a light supplementing lamp for plants and solves plant caused by illumination deficiency Excessive growth problem.
4, the present invention is suitble to most citizen to use, and Routine Management is carried out in planting process to get an abundant harvest.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions of the present invention;
In figure, planting tray 1, fish jar 2, water treating pond 3, water flow buffer case 4, water inlet pipe 5, support plate 6, flow area 7, water suction Dielectric layer 8, planting matrix 9, the first water pump 10, outlet pipe 11, microcomputer 12, light supplementing lamp for plants 13, valve 14, flase floor 15, sterilizing unit 16, biology sewage treatment equipment, 17, active carbon layer 18, the second water pump 19, third outlet pipe 20, first are discharged Branch pipe 22, the second exit branch 21.
Specific implementation mode
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is furture elucidated, it should be understood that these embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention Rather than limit the scope of the invention, after having read the present invention, various equivalences of the those skilled in the art to the present invention The modification of form falls within the application range as defined in the appended claims.
Such as Fig. 1, family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions of the present invention, including planting tray 1, fish jar 2, water process Pond 3, water flow buffer case 4, water inlet pipe 5.
For plants such as planting vegetable, flowers, planting tray 1 is interior to be equipped with horizontal and is provided with permeable hole (in figure not planting tray 1 Display) support plate 6, planting tray is separated into growing area and flow area 7 by support plate, and growing area and about 7 flow area arrange, plant Growing area includes the water sucting medium layer 8 for being set to 6 top of support plate and the planting matrix 9 on water sucting medium layer, wherein absorbing water Dielectric layer filling can be absorbent wool, and planting matrix can be vermiculite.When flow area is full of water, water can pass through support plate Permeable hole rises along water sucting medium layer and eventually enters into planting matrix, and moisture is provided for the plant of plantation.Further, it inhales Gauze (not shown on figure) is additionally provided between aqueous medium layer 8 and support plate 6, gauze can wrap up water sucting medium and planting matrix, Prevent foreign matter from falling into flow area.Flow area 7 is connected with third outlet pipe 20 of the outlet towards fish jar.
Fish jar 2 is in the lower section of planting tray, and the bottom of fish jar has inclined-plane, the excreta of fish can be made more to concentrate heavy Product arrives the bottom of fish jar.The bottom of fish jar 2 is equipped with the first water pump 10, and the first water pump 10 is connected with outlet pipe 11.First water pump will The excreta of deposition is pumped out by outlet pipe 11.
The left side of fish jar 2 is fixed with microcomputer 12, and microcomputer is connected with for carrying out illumination to planting plants Light supplementing lamp for plants 13.
The right side of fish jar 2 is equipped with water treating pond 3, and flase floor 15, sterilization have from top to bottom been sequentially arranged in the water treating pond 3 Device 16, biology sewage treatment equipment 17 and active carbon layer 18.The outlet of outlet pipe 11 is towards flase floor 15.The bottom of water treating pond Portion is additionally provided with the second water pump 19, and the second water pump 19 is in the lower section of activated carbon layer.Second water pump 19 is connected with water inlet pipe 5, water inlet One end of pipe 5 is connected with water flow buffer case, and by treated, water is pumped by water inlet pipe in water flow buffer case the second water pump.
Water flow buffer case 4 is for accommodating the buffering processed water of water treating pond.Water flow buffer case is connected with two exit branch, Wherein the first exit branch 22 is connected to flow area 7, for supplying water into planting tray;Second exit branch 21 is supplied into fish jar Water;The flow inlet of first exit branch 22 is in the top of the flow inlet of the second exit branch, the pipe of the second exit branch Road is equipped with valve 24.
Sterilizing unit can be submerged type UV ultraviolet germicidal lamps, can be killed by sterilizing unit carried in waste water it is micro- Biology kills.
Biology sewage treatment equipment can be bacterium room, ceramic rod, thereon appendix have microorganism, can decompose in water be harmful to Substance.
Can it lead between sterilizing unit, biology sewage treatment equipment and between activated carbon layer and biology sewage treatment equipment Partition board with holes is crossed to separate.
The excreta of aquatic animal, is constantly deposited in fish jar in fish jar, and the water of the bottom of the tank is (following together with excreta Abbreviation waste water) it is transported in water treating pond 3 by the first water pump 10, the flow that the grid plate 15 in water treating pond 3 makes slows down and will The bulky grains tissue such as excrement, then waste water is successively by sterilizing unit 16, biology sewage treatment equipment 17, the progress of active carbon layer 18 Processing, sterilizing unit kill the germ carried in waste water, and biology sewage treatment equipment can be by substances such as organic matters in waste water It is decomposed, active carbon layer adsorbs the little particle in waste water, and treated, and water is pumped into water by the second water pump 19 through water inlet pipe 5 It flows in baffle-box 4.When closing valve 14, the water in water flow buffer case flows into the water in planting tray by the first exit branch 22 Area 7 is flowed, extra water is drained into from third outlet pipe 20 in fish jar.When opening valve 14, the water in water flow buffer case passes through Second exit branch 21 flows into fish jar, supplies water for fish jar.Light supplementing lamp for plants 13 and microcomputer 12, provide for plant growth The lighting requirements of required varying strength and time.
Root system of plant rot wilt the main reason for be due to plant growth it is vigorous to matrix plantation layer foster the spirit of nobility consumption it is excessive, And in water body harmful bacteria due to locate it is improper cause to accumulate around root system cause.In the present invention, plant growth is in planting tray Top layer planting matrix in, have larger porosity in matrix, have a bigger than normal soil and air contact area; Next has the partition board for keeping apart different function area, partition board to have trepanning, flow that can increase by trepanning for every layer in water treating pond The contact area of flood and air increases Dissolved Oxygen in Water amount;Harmful bacteria bactericidal lamp can kill water body harmful bacteria and ensure will not to be to plant Object tether panel carrys out bacterial accumulation problem.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions, which is characterized in that including:
Planting tray (1);
The bottom of fish jar (2), the fish jar is equipped with the first water pump (10), and the first water pump is connected with water outlet going out towards flase floor (15) Water pipe (11);
It is dirty to be from top to bottom sequentially arranged flase floor (15), sterilizing unit (16), biology in the water treating pond for water treating pond (3) Water treatment facilities (17) and active carbon layer (18);The bottom of the water treating pond is additionally provided with the second water pump (19);
Water flow buffer case (4), for accommodating the buffering processed water of water treating pond;The water flow buffer case is equipped with two water outlet branch Pipe, wherein the first exit branch (22) into planting tray for supplying water, the second exit branch (21) supplies water into fish jar;
One end of water inlet pipe (5), the water inlet pipe connects the second water pump (19), and the other end is connected with water flow buffer case (4).
2. family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the kind It plants and is equipped with support plate (6) that is horizontal and being provided with permeable hole in disk, planting tray is separated into growing area and flow area by support plate (7), flow area is connected with the first exit branch.
3. family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions according to claim 2, which is characterized in that growing area packet Include the water sucting medium layer (8) above support plate and the planting matrix (9) on water sucting medium layer.
4. family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the flow Area is connected with third outlet pipe (20) of the outlet towards fish jar.
5. family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fish jar Side be fixed with microcomputer (12), microcomputer is connected with the light supplementing lamp for plants for planting plants to be carried out with illumination (13)。
6. family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first water outlet The flow inlet of branch pipe is in the top of the flow inlet of the second exit branch, and the pipeline of the second exit branch is equipped with valve (14)。
7. family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions according to claim 1, which is characterized in that fish jar (2) Bottom have inclined-plane.
8. family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described kills Bacterium device is ultraviolet germicidal lamp.
9. family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the life Object sewage-treatment plant is bacterium room.
CN201810445700.XA 2018-05-11 2018-05-11 A kind of family's vegetables process units of automatic water circulation provisions Pending CN108713490A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109368939A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-02-22 湖北玉如意芽业科技股份有限公司 A kind of bean sprout culture water treatment system and method for treating water

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202496300U (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-10-24 王从领 Pipe-plate composite type fish tank-sprout machine
CN103070062A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-05-01 中国计量学院 Intelligent LED (Light-Emitting Diode) light supplementing indoor circulating economical planting and breeding system
CN203105253U (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-08-07 江苏农林职业技术学院 Fish and vegetable co-existing device
CN204670151U (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-09-30 刘建 Ecological fish bowl
CN107223622A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-10-03 南充智库汽车有限公司 A kind of device and method of fish fry symbiosis soilless culture succulent
CN206612029U (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-11-07 甘肃田福农业科技开发股份有限公司 Household aquarium vegetable cultivation structure
CN206791415U (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-12-26 海南大学 A kind of Multifunctional fish dish co-generator
CN207201770U (en) * 2017-09-08 2018-04-10 成都农业科技职业学院 Family's Ecocyclic cultivation fish system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202496300U (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-10-24 王从领 Pipe-plate composite type fish tank-sprout machine
CN203105253U (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-08-07 江苏农林职业技术学院 Fish and vegetable co-existing device
CN103070062A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-05-01 中国计量学院 Intelligent LED (Light-Emitting Diode) light supplementing indoor circulating economical planting and breeding system
CN204670151U (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-09-30 刘建 Ecological fish bowl
CN206612029U (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-11-07 甘肃田福农业科技开发股份有限公司 Household aquarium vegetable cultivation structure
CN107223622A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-10-03 南充智库汽车有限公司 A kind of device and method of fish fry symbiosis soilless culture succulent
CN206791415U (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-12-26 海南大学 A kind of Multifunctional fish dish co-generator
CN207201770U (en) * 2017-09-08 2018-04-10 成都农业科技职业学院 Family's Ecocyclic cultivation fish system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109368939A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-02-22 湖北玉如意芽业科技股份有限公司 A kind of bean sprout culture water treatment system and method for treating water

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Application publication date: 20181030

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