CN108708394A - A kind of tunneling boring exempts from the overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure and construction method of support - Google Patents

A kind of tunneling boring exempts from the overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure and construction method of support Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108708394A
CN108708394A CN201810491810.XA CN201810491810A CN108708394A CN 108708394 A CN108708394 A CN 108708394A CN 201810491810 A CN201810491810 A CN 201810491810A CN 108708394 A CN108708394 A CN 108708394A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
armpit angle
plate
wallboard
angle formwork
framed
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Granted
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CN201810491810.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108708394B (en
Inventor
钟晓晖
陈东恩
陈宏强
廖羿
郑焕奇
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Guangdong Jian Yuan Building Assembly Industry Co Ltd
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Guangdong Jian Yuan Building Assembly Industry Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810491810.XA priority Critical patent/CN108708394B/en
Publication of CN108708394A publication Critical patent/CN108708394A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/10Tunnels or galleries specially adapted to house conduits, e.g. oil pipe-lines, sewer pipes ; Making conduits in situ, e.g. of concrete ; Casings, i.e. manhole shafts, access or inspection chambers or coverings of boreholes or narrow wells
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2250/00Production methods
    • E02D2250/0007Production methods using a mold
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2300/00Materials
    • E02D2300/0004Synthetics
    • E02D2300/0018Cement used as binder
    • E02D2300/002Concrete

Abstract

The present invention relates to overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structures and construction method that a kind of tunneling boring exempts from support, and structure includes prefabricated overlapping top plate, prefabricated overlapping bottom plate, prefabricated framed side wallboard and prefabricated lining;Framed side wallboard is made of page board outside page board in side wall and side wall, and steel tie is arranged between page board and the outer page board of side wall in side wall;The upper and lower ends of page board are provided with reserved stretching reinforcing bar in side wall, and the outer page board lower end of side wall is provided with reserved stretching reinforcing bar, and lining is formed by stacking by two blocks of wallboards;The problems such as present invention interferes difficult construction, the construction of armpit angle, the limitation of the fabricating yard gradient for existing assembled integral pipe gallery technology there are vertical supporting, provide the release vertical supporting method of assembled integral concrete pipe gallery, this method is mainly the haunch angle formwork for placing using autonomous Design, adjustment is constructed in conjunction with panel structure and exempts from support installation to realize, while solving the template that armpit angle pours.

Description

A kind of tunneling boring exempts from the overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure and construction method of support
Technical field
The present invention relates to urban construction pipe gallery technical fields, and in particular to a kind of tunneling boring exempts from the overlapping assembly of support Formula comprehensive pipe gallery structure and construction method.
Background technology
Assembled integral concrete pipe gallery technology meets building industrialization development, in being continuously developed and improving.Assembly Integral concrete piping lane technology realizes the form of construction work of " element factory processing, structure on-site consolidation ", prefabricated by splitting into The prefabricated components such as bottom plate, prefabricated top plate, prefabricated panel avoid the problems such as prefabricated piping lane component is heavy, assembly is inconvenient, solve simultaneously Determined node waterproof the problem of, greatly increase construction quality and efficiency, realize that green energy conservation is built.Assembled integral coagulation Native piping lane technology solves the problems such as construction quality, efficiency of pipe gallery with These characteristics, and power-assisted country pipe gallery is built It makes.
Assembled integral concrete pipe gallery is during construction and installation at present, and when installation piping lane prefabricated top plate needs to arrange big Bearing diagonal can be used when measuring vertical supporting, while piping lane prefabricated panel being installed, it is interlaced with bearing diagonal that there are vertical supportings, makes It is more narrow to obtain construction personnel space of operation in piping lane, influences construction speed, and be unfavorable for emergency case and escape in time, deposits In security risk more outstanding.Assembled integral concrete pipe gallery needs to make armpit angle.Armpit angle cast-in-place construction mainly uses wood Template and steel pipe support molding, first, needing to increase a certain number of supports, increase the difficulty of construction;Second is that plank sheathing The materials'use period is few, loss is larger, all limits application of the armpit angle in assembled integral concrete pipe gallery, or even exist for Construction is convenient, cancels the design at armpit angle.There are vertical supporting interference construction, armpit angles for existing assembled integral pipe gallery technology The problems such as construction is difficult, the fabricating yard gradient limits limits the application and popularization of assembled integral concrete pipe gallery technology, needs to set Count out a kind of assembled integral pipe gallery.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure methods that tunneling boring exempts from support, and the present invention is using such as Lower technical solution is realized:
A kind of tunneling boring exempts from the overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure of support, including assembly system and cast-in-place concrete, the dress Include prefabricated overlapping top plate, prefabricated overlapping bottom plate, prefabricated framed side wallboard and prefabricated lining with system;It is characterized in that:Framed side wallboard It is made of page board outside page board in side wall and side wall, steel tie is set between page board and the outer page board of side wall in side wall;Page board in side wall Upper and lower ends be provided with it is reserved stretch out reinforcing bar, the outer page board lower end of side wall be provided with it is reserved stretch out reinforcing bar, lining is by two pieces of walls Plate overlaps, and inside steel tie is arranged between page board and the outer page board of interior wall within the walls in respectively interior page board within the walls and the outer page board of interior wall;It is described Overlapping top plate is provided at both ends with reserved stretching reinforcing bar;Be provided with sleeper in the side wall in page board, it is described in page board and interior within the walls It is respectively arranged with sleeper in the outer page board of wall, the overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure further includes top armpit angle and lower part armpit angle, Top armpit angle is cast-in-place structural, and the cast-in-place structural at top armpit angle is to pour sky by top armpit Angle formwork and assembly System forming Between one-piece casting be molded, the described top armpit Angle formwork setting passes through in overlapping top plate and lining or Side fascia connecting corner Bolt is detachably connected with overlapping top plate and lining and Side fascia;The top armpit Angle formwork is provided with polylith, it is adjacent on It is bolted between portion's armpit Angle formwork, the top armpit Angle formwork is by face die plate, top armpit Angle formwork on the armpit Angle formwork of top Floor, top armpit angle mould in lower face die plate, top armpit Angle formwork side rib plate, top armpit Angle formwork cross rib plate, top armpit Angle formwork Plate stiffener forms;Top armpit Angle formwork side rib plate is arranged on top armpit Angle formwork two sides, top armpit Angle formwork cross rib plate edge Top armpit Angle formwork lateral arrangement has a plurality of, and floor is set to middle part and and the top of top armpit Angle formwork in the armpit Angle formwork of top Armpit Angle formwork side rib plate is parallel, and top armpit Angle formwork stiffener is set to top armpit angle inside middle portion;Under the armpit Angle formwork of top It is provided with the connection bolt of framed side wallboard or lining built-in fitting on face die plate, is provided on multiple on the armpit Angle formwork side rib plate of top Connection bolt between portion's armpit Angle formwork is provided with the connection spiral shell with prefabricated top plate embedded part on the armpit Angle formwork of top on face die plate Bolt is formed between page board and the outer page board of interior wall after completing assembly system and the installation of armpit Angle formwork, in armpit Angle formwork and side wall and is poured Chamber is built, and casting concrete in chamber is poured described, overlapping top plate and the seam crossing of framed side wallboard and lining have poured concrete. It is provided with reinforcing bar in the sleeper and reinforces support strength.
In piping lane bottom, overlapping bottom plate top is equipped with steel bar layer for overlapping bottom plate setting, side panel under lining The reserved steel bar in portion is overlapped with bar-mat reinforcement, and overlapping bottom plate is vertical with framed side wallboard and lining, and seam corner passes through lower part armpit angle Template is connected and fixed, and lower part armpit Angle formwork is detachably connected by bolt and framed side wallboard, and the lower part armpit Angle formwork is provided with more Block is bolted between adjacent lower armpit Angle formwork, in assembling process, after overlapping bottom plate, framed side wallboard and lining are fixed, In overlapping bottom plate and framed side wallboard and lining junction casting concrete;The lower part armpit Angle formwork passes through by lower part armpit Angle formwork Face die plate under upper face die plate, lower part armpit Angle formwork, lower part armpit Angle formwork side rib plate, lower part armpit Angle formwork cross rib plate, lower part armpit angle Floor, lower part armpit Angle formwork stiffener composition in template;The lower part armpit Angle formwork side rib plate is arranged in lower part armpit Angle formwork two End side surface, floor is parallel with side rib plate in the armpit Angle formwork of lower part is axially uniformly arranged in lower part armpit Angle formwork, lower part armpit angle Template cross rib plate and middle floor are perpendicular, and in lower part, armpit Angle formwork is vertically uniformly arranged, and bolt is connected between the armpit Angle formwork of lower part and is set It sets and is provided with the bolt being connect with framed side wallboard on side rib plate, lower part armpit Angle formwork Side shuttering, lower part armpit Angle formwork and overlapping Certain interval is arranged in bottom plate..
The present invention also provides the construction methods that a kind of tunneling boring exempts from the overlapping assembled pipe gallery of support, it is characterised in that Include the following steps:
Step 1:Prefabricated panel is installed.In the factory by bottom plate, framed side wallboard, lining and the prefabricated completion of top plate;When piping lane designs When the gradient is smaller, it is laid with thin sand on bed course, is more bonded with bed course for piping lane bottom plate;When piping lane design grade is larger When, it is laid with mixed with a small amount of cement thin sand on bed course, is more bonded with bed course for piping lane bottom plate;
Step 2:Framed side wallboard, lining installation and the construction of lower part armpit angle.First be laid with reinforcing bar on prefabricated panel, carry out framed side wallboard and Lining is installed, and in installation process, according to design grade situation, adjusting framed side wallboard or lining hoisting tool makes framed side wallboard or interior Wallboard is slightly tilted lifting, and first one angle falls, and the drop point of framed side wallboard or the lining other end is limited after dropping place, using hydraulic pressure The position absolute altitude that jack adjusts framed side wallboard or lining other end drop point complies with designed inclination angle degree, fixed framed side wallboard or Lining bearing diagonal;The reinforcing bar that bottom plate top is laid with again stretches out reinforcing bar with framed side wallboard lower part and reinforcing bar phase is stretched out in lining lower part Overlap joint, lower part armpit Angle formwork are connect by bolt with framed side wallboard or lining;
Step 3:Pour the concrete of bottom plate and lower part armpit angular position;
Step 4:Top board construction is installed and the construction of top armpit angle.Top armpit Angle formwork is first installed, dry wall is bolted on On plate;Overlapping top plate is installed on top armpit Angle formwork top, top armpit Angle formwork and top plate are bolted;Top plate stretches out steel Muscle stretches out reinforcing bar with framed side wallboard top and mutually overlaps, and arranges the armpit angle steel muscle of top armpit angular position;On framed side wallboard, lining and top Casting concrete in cavity between armpit Angle formwork;
Step 5:Concrete dismantles armpit angle steel mould when reaching sufficient intensity, repeats next construction section.
In the step 2 and step 4, top armpit Angle formwork and lower part armpit Angle formwork are mounted on the dark of framed side wallboard and lining On column, pre-buried installation armpit angle steel mould mechanical connection sleeve is provided on the outside of sleeper.Reinforcing bar reinforcement is provided in the sleeper Support strength.
In the step 1, bullet puts the line of ink marker on the bed course, and bullet puts the line of ink marker on bottom plate;Bottom plate is hung by the line of ink marker Position is indexed.
In the step 2, to keep framed side wallboard or the lining gradient and practical piping lane setting design grade corresponding, to its slope Degree is adjusted, and method is:First framed side wallboard or lining both ends drop point mark are measured and estimate on mounted overlapping bottom plate Height places gasket in framed side wallboard or the relatively low one end of lining drop point absolute altitude;Bullet puts ink on framed side wallboard or lining before lifting When line, framed side wallboard or lining lift by crane, the rope length of suspension centre is suitably adjusted according to the gradient so that framed side wallboard or lining bottom surface have The mutually approximately equivalent inclination with design degree;When framed side wallboard or lining dropping place, control dropping place relatively low one end of point absolute altitude with it is previous The lower part spacing of block prefabricated outer wall panel;Keep the position at that relatively low end of dropping place point absolute altitude constant;According to framed side wallboard or lining table The pre- bullet line of ink marker in face and the position relationship of plumb line place pad using that higher end of hydraulic jack adjustment dropping place point absolute altitude Piece;After framed side wallboard or lining dropping place, bearing diagonal is installed, adjusts and fixed, removes framed side wallboard or lining hanging piece.
In the step 2, bottom armpit angle is completed with bottom plate once-cast, then lifts top plate;
In the step 4, top plate both ends are shelved on top mold, and framed side wallboard cavity and top plate cast are carried out after in place, waits for coagulation Soil removes mold repetition construction after reaching strength of mould stripping.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
The armpit Angle formwork that combination stiffening steel member is utilized for existing prefabricated assembled pipe gallery mode of construction, can repeat to make With the double skin wall constructions of ribbing that flank wall and interior face wall are formed, which can be realized, exempts from support system, reduces working procedure, reduces engineering and arrange Apply expense, it is ensured that armpit angle casting quality and slope installation effectiveness and precision.
Assembled integral pipe gallery is solved during construction and installation, vertical supporting interferes the problem of constructing so that Construction personnel substantially improves in the space of construction operation in piping lane, the processes such as reduces the carrying of vertical supporting, builds, removes, carrying High construction efficiency, while the not smooth problem of escape route is eliminated, be conducive to emergency case and escape in time.
A kind of tunneling boring is provided in the present invention exempt from the prefabricated overlapping of support pour the construction of assembly concrete pipe gallery Method solves assembled integral pipe gallery during construction and installation, in the different place installation question of the gradient.Using pre- Wallboard special hanger processed(It is adjustable), fixed one end adjusts one end installation prefabricated panel, hydraulic jack be the method adjusted, reality Having showed the construction of assembled integral pipe gallery equal can reach safer, more quickly, more the gradient is larger and the gradient is smaller Accurate wait requires, and improves progress, the quality of pipe gallery construction, shortens the duration of a project, improves project benefit.Especially on slope It spends on larger place and installs, prefabricated components installation speed is significantly improved with precision, to ensure the quality of pipe gallery construction With construction efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is piping lane design structure schematic diagram in the present invention.
Fig. 2 is side wall plate structure schematic diagram in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is framed side wallboard vertical view in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is interior wall plate structure schematic diagram in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is armpit angle mold structural schematic diagram in middle and upper part of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is armpit angle mold structural schematic diagram in middle and lower part of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is that framed side wallboard lining bullet puts line of ink marker schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is the parts 1-1 detail setting schematic diagram in Fig. 1.
Fig. 9 is the parts 2-2 detail setting schematic diagram in Fig. 1.
Reference sign:1- framed side wallboards, 2- overlapping bottom plate, 3- linings, 4- overlapping top plate, the tops 5- armpit Angle formwork, Page board in the outer page board of the lower parts 6- armpit Angle formwork, 7- side walls, 8- side walls, 9- framed side wallboards sleeper, 10- overlap joints reinforcing bar, on 11- framed side wallboards Reinforcing bar is stretched out in portion, reinforcing bar is stretched out in 12- framed side wallboards lower part, reinforcing bar is stretched out on 13- linings top, reinforcing bar is stretched out in 14- linings lower part, Page board, 17- linings sleeper, face die plate, the lower parts 19- armpit angle on the armpit Angle formwork of the lower parts 18- within the walls in the outer page board of 15- interior walls, 16- Face die plate, the lower parts 20- armpit Angle formwork side rib plate, the lower parts 21- armpit Angle formwork cross rib plate, the lower parts 22- armpit Angle formwork middle rib under template Plate, the lower parts 23- armpit Angle formwork stiffener, face die plate, 26- under face die plate, the tops 25- armpit Angle formwork on the armpit Angle formwork of the tops 24- Floor, the tops 29- armpit angle mould in top armpit Angle formwork side rib plate, the tops 27- armpit Angle formwork cross rib plate, the tops 28- armpit Angle formwork Plate stiffener, the 30- lines of ink marker, 31- cast-in-place concretes, 32- bolts.
Specific implementation mode
By the following description of the embodiment, it will more contribute to public understanding of the invention, but can't should be by Shen Given specific embodiment of asking someone is considered as the limitation to technical solution of the present invention, any definition to component or technical characteristic Be changed and/or to overall structure make form and immaterial transformation is regarded as technical scheme of the present invention and is limited Protection domain.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 8, it is an object of the present invention to overcome the above deficiencies, exempts to support to provide a kind of tunneling boring Overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme that realization:
A kind of tunneling boring exempts from the overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure of support, including assembly system and cast-in-place concrete, the dress Include prefabricated overlapping top plate, prefabricated panel 2, prefabricated framed side wallboard 1 and prefabricated lining 3 with system;It is characterized in that:Framed side wallboard 1 It is made of page board 7 outside page board in side wall 8 and side wall, tension rib is set between the outer page board of page board 8 and side wall 7 in side wall;Page in side wall The upper and lower ends of plate 8 are provided with reserved stretching reinforcing bar, and outer 7 lower end of page board of side wall is provided with reserved stretching reinforcing bar, and lining 3 is by interior Page board and the outer page board of interior wall are constituted within the walls, and inside setting overlaps reinforcing bar between page board and the outer page board of interior wall within the walls;The overlapping top plate two End is provided with reserved stretching reinforcing bar;Be provided with sleeper in the side wall in page board 8, it is described within the walls in page board and the outer page board of interior wall It is respectively arranged with sleeper, the overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure further includes top armpit angle and lower part armpit angle, and top armpit angle is The cast-in-place structural of cast-in-place structural, top armpit angle is by top armpit Angle formwork 5, lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 and assembly System forming Casting space one-piece casting is molded, and the top armpit Angle formwork 5 setting connect with lining 3 or Side fascia in overlapping top plate and turns Angle is detachably connected by bolt and overlapping top plate and lining 3 and Side fascia;The top armpit Angle formwork 5 is provided with more Block is bolted between adjacent upper armpit Angle formwork 5, the top armpit Angle formwork 5 by face die plate on top armpit Angle formwork 5, In top 5 times face die plates of armpit Angle formwork, 5 side rib plate of top armpit Angle formwork, 5 cross rib plate of top armpit Angle formwork, top armpit Angle formwork 5 Floor, 5 stiffener of top armpit Angle formwork composition;Armpit Angle formwork 5 side rib plate in top is arranged in 5 two sides of top armpit Angle formwork, on Armpit Angle formwork 5 cross rib plate in portion's has a plurality of along 5 lateral arrangement of top armpit Angle formwork, and floor is set to top in top armpit Angle formwork 5 The middle part of armpit Angle formwork 5 and parallel with 5 side rib plate of top armpit Angle formwork, armpit Angle formwork 5 stiffener in top is set to top armpit Angle inside middle portion;The connection bolt of 3 built-in fitting of framed side wallboard 1 or lining, top are provided on the 5 times face die plates of armpit Angle formwork of top The connection bolt being provided on 5 side rib plate of armpit Angle formwork between multiple top armpit Angle formworks 5, on top armpit Angle formwork 5 on face die plate It is provided with the connection bolt with prefabricated top plate embedded part, after completing assembly system and the installation of armpit Angle formwork, page board 8 in side wall And formed between page board outside interior wall and pour chamber, and pour casting concrete in chamber, overlapping top plate and framed side wallboard 1 and interior wall described The seam crossing of plate 3 has poured concrete.
The setting of the bottom plate 2 is equipped with steel bar layer, side panel and 3 lower part of lining on piping lane bottom, 2 top of overlapping bottom plate Reserved steel bar and bar-mat reinforcement overlap, bottom plate 2 is vertical with framed side wallboard 1 and lining 3, and seam corner passes through lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 are connected and fixed, and lower part armpit Angle formwork is detachably connected by bolt and framed side wallboard, and the lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 is provided with polylith, It is bolted between adjacent lower armpit Angle formwork 6, in assembling process, overlapping bottom plate 2, framed side wallboard 1 and lining 3 are fixed Afterwards, in overlapping bottom plate 2 and 3 junction casting concrete of framed side wallboard 1 and lining;The lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 is by by lower part Face die plate 18, lower part 6 times face die plates of armpit Angle formwork 19,6 side rib plate 20 of lower part armpit Angle formwork, lower part armpit angle mould on armpit Angle formwork 6 Floor 22,6 stiffener of lower part armpit Angle formwork composition 23 in 6 cross rib plate 21 of plate, lower part armpit Angle formwork 6;The lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 It is parallel with side rib plate in lower part armpit angle mould that floor is arranged in 6 liang of end side surfaces of lower part armpit Angle formwork, lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 in side rib plate Plate 6 is axial to be uniformly arranged, and the 6 cross rib plate of lower part armpit Angle formwork and middle floor are perpendicular, and in lower part, armpit Angle formwork 6 is vertically uniformly distributed Setting;Spiral shell setting is connected between lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 to be provided with and prefabricated bottom on face die plate on side rib plate, lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 The connection bolt of plate built-in fitting.
The present invention also provides the construction methods that a kind of tunneling boring exempts from the overlapping assembled pipe gallery of support, it is characterised in that Include the following steps:
Step 1:Prefabricated overlapping bottom plate 2 is installed.It is prefabricated that bottom plate 2, framed side wallboard 1, lining 3 and overlapping top plate will be overlapped in the factory It completes;When piping lane design grade is smaller, it is laid with thin sand on bed course, is more bonded with bed course for piping lane bottom plate;Work as pipe When corridor design grade is larger, it is laid with mixed with a small amount of cement thin sand on bed course, is more bonded with bed course for piping lane bottom plate;
Step 2:Framed side wallboard 1, the installation of lining 3 and the construction of lower part armpit angle.It is first laid with reinforcing bar on prefabricated panel, carries out framed side wallboard 1 and lining 3 install, in installation process, according to design grade situation, adjusting framed side wallboard 1 or 3 hoisting tool of lining makes side wall Plate 1 or lining 3 are slightly tilted lifting, and first one angle falls, and falling for framed side wallboard 1 or 3 other end of lining is limited after dropping place Point, the position absolute altitude that framed side wallboard 1 or 3 other end drop point of lining are adjusted using hydraulic jack comply with designed inclination angle Degree, fixed framed side wallboard 1 or 3 bearing diagonal of lining;The reinforcing bar that 2 top of bottom plate is laid with will be overlapped again stretches out steel with 1 lower part of framed side wallboard Muscle and 3 lower part of lining are stretched out reinforcing bar and are mutually overlapped, and lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 is connect by bolt with framed side wallboard 1 or lining 3, is led to Bolt is crossed to fix lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 and overlapping bottom plate 2;
Step 3:Pour the concrete of bottom plate and lower part armpit angular position;
Step 4:Overlap top board construction installation and the construction of top armpit angle.Top armpit Angle formwork 5 is first installed, is bolted on pre- On wallboard processed;5 top of the armpit Angle formwork installation overlapping top plate on top, top armpit Angle formwork 5 and overlapping top plate are bolted; Overlapping top plate stretches out reinforcing bar and is mutually overlapped with 1 top of framed side wallboard stretching reinforcing bar, arranges the armpit angle steel muscle of top armpit angular position;In side wall Casting concrete in cavity between plate 1, lining 3 and top armpit Angle formwork 5;
Step 5:Concrete dismantles armpit angle steel mould when reaching sufficient intensity, repeats next construction section.
In the step 2 and step 4, top armpit Angle formwork 5 and lower part armpit Angle formwork 6 are mounted on framed side wallboard 1 and lining 3 Sleeper on, pre-buried installation armpit angle steel mould is provided on the outside of sleeper and is mechanically connected sleeve.
In the step 1, bullet puts the line of ink marker on the bed course, and bullet puts the line of ink marker on bottom plate;Bottom plate is hung by the line of ink marker Position is indexed.
In the step 2, to keep framed side wallboard 1 or 3 gradient of lining and practical piping lane setting design grade corresponding, to it The gradient is adjusted, and method is:First 3 both ends of framed side wallboard 1 or lining are measured and estimate on mounted overlapping bottom plate 2 Drop point absolute altitude places gasket in framed side wallboard 1 or 3 relatively low one end of drop point absolute altitude of lining;In framed side wallboard 1 or lining before lifting Bullet puts the line of ink marker 30 on 3, and when framed side wallboard 1 or lining 3 lift by crane, the rope length of suspension centre is suitably adjusted according to the gradient so that framed side wallboard 1 or 3 bottom surface of lining has the inclination mutually approximately equivalent with design grade;When 3 dropping place of framed side wallboard 1 or lining, dropping place point is controlled The lower part spacing of the relatively low one end of absolute altitude and previous piece of prefabricated outer wall panel;Keep the position at that relatively low end of dropping place point absolute altitude constant;Root According to the pre- bullet line of ink marker on 3 surface of framed side wallboard 1 or lining and the position relationship of plumb line dropping place point mark is adjusted using hydraulic jack That higher end, and place gasket;
After 3 dropping place of framed side wallboard 1 or lining, bearing diagonal is installed, adjusts and fixed, removes framed side wallboard 1 or 3 hanging piece of lining.
In the step 2, bottom armpit angle is completed with bottom plate once-cast, then lifts top plate;
In the step 4, top plate both ends are shelved on top mold, and 1 cavity of framed side wallboard and top plate cast are carried out after in place, waits for coagulation Soil removes mold repetition construction after reaching strength of mould stripping.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, not doing limit in any form to structure of the invention System.Every any simple modification, equivalent variations or modification made to the above embodiment according to the technical essence of the invention, still Belong in the range of technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of tunneling boring exempts from the overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure of support, including assembly system and cast-in-place concrete, described Assembly system includes prefabricated overlapping top plate, prefabricated overlapping bottom plate, prefabricated framed side wallboard and prefabricated lining;It is characterized in that:Side wall Plate is made of page board outside page board in side wall and side wall, and steel tie is arranged between page board and the outer page board of side wall in side wall;Page in side wall The upper and lower ends of plate are provided with reserved stretching reinforcing bar, and the outer page board lower end of side wall is provided with reserved stretching reinforcing bar, and lining is by two pieces Wallboard is formed by stacking, and two wallboards are interior page board within the walls and the outer page board of interior wall, and steel tie is arranged between the two;The overlapping top plate It is provided at both ends with reserved stretching reinforcing bar;Sleeper, the interior page board within the walls and the outer page board of interior wall are provided in the side wall in page board On be respectively arranged with sleeper, the overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure further includes top armpit angle and lower part armpit angle, top armpit angle For cast-in-place structural, the cast-in-place structural at top armpit angle be by top armpit Angle formwork and overlapping top plate, prefabricated framed side wallboard or it is prefabricated in The casting space one-piece casting molding that wallboard is formed, the top armpit Angle formwork setting is in overlapping top plate and lining or exterior wall Plate connecting corner is detachably connected by bolt and overlapping top plate and lining or Side fascia;The top armpit Angle formwork is set It is equipped with polylith, is bolted between adjacent upper armpit Angle formwork, the top armpit Angle formwork is by face mould on the armpit Angle formwork of top Under plate, top armpit Angle formwork in face die plate, top armpit Angle formwork side rib plate, top armpit Angle formwork cross rib plate, top armpit Angle formwork Floor, top armpit Angle formwork stiffener composition;Top armpit Angle formwork side rib plate is arranged in top armpit Angle formwork two sides, top armpit Angle formwork cross rib plate has a plurality of along top armpit Angle formwork lateral arrangement, and floor is set to top armpit Angle formwork in the armpit Angle formwork of top Middle part and parallel with top armpit Angle formwork side rib plate, top armpit Angle formwork stiffener is set to top armpit angle inside middle portion; The connection bolt with framed side wallboard or lining built-in fitting, top armpit Angle formwork side rib are provided under the armpit Angle formwork of top on face die plate The connection bolt being provided on plate between multiple top armpit Angle formworks is provided with and prefabricated top plate on face die plate on the armpit Angle formwork of top The connection bolt of built-in fitting, after completing assembly system and the installation of armpit Angle formwork, in side wall outside page board and interior wall between page board Formation pours chamber, and pours casting concrete in chamber described, and the seam crossing of overlapping top plate and framed side wallboard and lining has poured Concrete.
2. a kind of tunneling boring according to claim 1 exempts from the overlapping assembled comprehensive pipe gallery structure of support, it is characterised in that: In piping lane bottom, overlapping bottom plate top is equipped with steel bar layer for the overlapping bottom plate setting, and side panel is reserved with lining lower part Reinforcing bar is overlapped with bar-mat reinforcement, and overlapping bottom plate is vertical with framed side wallboard and lining, and seam corner is connected by lower part armpit Angle formwork Fixed, lower part armpit Angle formwork is detachably connected fixation, the lower part armpit Angle formwork and overlapping bottom by bolt and prefabricated framed side wallboard Certain interval is arranged in plate;The lower part armpit Angle formwork is provided with polylith, is bolted between adjacent lower armpit Angle formwork, assembly In the process, it overlaps bottom plate, after framed side wallboard and lining are fixed, is poured with framed side wallboard and lining junction in overlapping bottom plate mixed Solidifying soil;The lower part armpit Angle formwork passes through by face die plate under face die plate, lower part armpit Angle formwork on the armpit Angle formwork of lower part, lower part armpit angle Floor, lower part armpit Angle formwork stiffener composition in template side rib plate, lower part armpit Angle formwork cross rib plate, lower part armpit Angle formwork;It is described Lower part armpit Angle formwork side rib plate be arranged in two end side surface of lower part armpit Angle formwork, lower part armpit Angle formwork floor it is parallel with side rib plate Lower part armpit Angle formwork is axially uniformly arranged, and the lower part armpit Angle formwork cross rib plate and middle floor are perpendicular, in lower part armpit Angle formwork Vertically be uniformly arranged, between the armpit Angle formwork of lower part connect spiral shell setting be provided on side rib plate, lower part armpit Angle formwork Side shuttering with Certain interval is arranged with overlapping bottom plate in the bolt of framed side wallboard connection, lower part armpit Angle formwork.
3. a kind of tunneling boring exempts from the construction method of the overlapping assembled pipe gallery of support, it is characterised in that include the following steps:
Step 1:Bottom plate is installed;
In the factory by bottom plate, framed side wallboard, lining and the overlapping prefabricated completion of top plate;When piping lane design grade is smaller, padding It is laid with thin sand on layer, is more bonded with bed course for piping lane bottom plate;When piping lane design grade is larger, it is laid with and mixes on bed course There is a small amount of cement thin sand, is more bonded with bed course for piping lane bottom plate;
Step 2:Framed side wallboard, lining installation and the construction of lower part armpit angle;
It is first laid with reinforcing bar on prefabricated panel, carries out framed side wallboard and lining is installed, in installation process, according to design grade feelings Condition, adjusting framed side wallboard or lining hoisting tool makes framed side wallboard or lining be slightly tilted lifting, and first one angle falls, dropping place The drop point for limiting framed side wallboard or the lining other end afterwards adjusts framed side wallboard or lining other end drop point using hydraulic jack Position absolute altitude complies with designed inclination angle degree, fixed framed side wallboard or lining bearing diagonal;The reinforcing bar that bottom plate top is laid with again Stretch out reinforcing bar and lining lower part with framed side wallboard lower part and stretch out reinforcing bar and mutually overlap, lower part armpit Angle formwork by bolt and framed side wallboard or Lining connects;
Step 3:Pour the concrete of bottom plate and lower part armpit angular position;
Step 4:Top board construction is installed and the construction of top armpit angle;
Top armpit Angle formwork is first installed, is bolted on prefabricated panel;Overlapping top is installed on top armpit Angle formwork top Plate, top armpit Angle formwork and overlapping top plate are bolted;It overlaps top plate and stretches out reinforcing bar and framed side wallboard top stretching reinforcing bar phase Overlap joint arranges the armpit angle steel muscle of top armpit angular position;It is poured in cavity between framed side wallboard, lining and top armpit Angle formwork Concrete;
Step 5:Concrete dismantles armpit angle steel mould when reaching sufficient intensity, repeats next construction section.
4. a kind of tunneling boring according to claim 3 exempts from the construction method of the overlapping assembled pipe gallery of support, special Sign is:In the step 2 and step 4, top armpit Angle formwork and lower part armpit Angle formwork are mounted on the dark of framed side wallboard and lining On column, pre-buried installation armpit angle steel mould mechanical connection sleeve is provided on the outside of sleeper.
5. a kind of tunneling boring according to claim 3 exempts from the construction method of the overlapping assembled pipe gallery of support, special Sign is:In the step 1, bullet puts the line of ink marker on the bed course, and bullet puts the line of ink marker on bottom plate;Position is hung to bottom plate by the line of ink marker It sets and is indexed.
6. a kind of tunneling boring according to claim 3 exempts from the construction method of the overlapping assembled pipe gallery of support, special Sign is:In the step 2, to keep framed side wallboard or the lining gradient and practical piping lane setting design grade corresponding, to its slope Degree is adjusted, and method is:First framed side wallboard or lining both ends drop point mark are measured and estimate on mounted overlapping bottom plate Height places gasket in framed side wallboard or the relatively low one end of lining drop point absolute altitude;Bullet puts ink on framed side wallboard or lining before lifting When line, framed side wallboard or lining lift by crane, the rope length of suspension centre is suitably adjusted according to the gradient so that framed side wallboard or lining bottom surface have The mutually approximately equivalent inclination with design grade;When framed side wallboard or lining dropping place, dropping place relatively low one end of point absolute altitude is controlled with before The lower part spacing of one piece of prefabricated outer wall panel;Keep the position at that relatively low end of dropping place point absolute altitude constant;According to framed side wallboard or lining The pre- bullet line of ink marker on surface and the position relationship of plumb line place pad using that higher end of hydraulic jack adjustment dropping place point absolute altitude Piece.
CN201810491810.XA 2018-05-22 2018-05-22 Full-section support-free overlapped assembly type comprehensive pipe rack structure and construction method Active CN108708394B (en)

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CN110747738A (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-02-04 浙江省交通规划设计研究院有限公司 Construction method of front anchor chamber and reinforced concrete combined type upper cover plate of suspension bridge anchorage
CN110952679A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-04-03 三一筑工科技有限公司 Superimposed shear wall prefabricated member and production process thereof
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CN112112193A (en) * 2020-09-25 2020-12-22 福州市城乡建总集团有限公司 Double-sided superposed pipe gallery side wall with concealed columns and manufacturing method thereof

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