CN108693811A - A kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee - Google Patents

A kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108693811A
CN108693811A CN201810798495.5A CN201810798495A CN108693811A CN 108693811 A CN108693811 A CN 108693811A CN 201810798495 A CN201810798495 A CN 201810798495A CN 108693811 A CN108693811 A CN 108693811A
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zigbee
module
information acquisition
acquisition module
sensor
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CN201810798495.5A
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姜晶
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors
    • G05B19/0423Input/output
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/24Pc safety
    • G05B2219/24215Scada supervisory control and data acquisition

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Automation & Control Theory (AREA)
  • Management, Administration, Business Operations System, And Electronic Commerce (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee, including ZigBee terminals, animal health information acquisition module, air quality information acquisition module, ground surface environment information acquisition module, image information collecting module and monitoring host computer, animal health information acquisition module, air quality information acquisition module, ground surface environment information acquisition module and image information collecting module are connect by ZigBee module with ZigBee terminals for the pasture environmental data of acquisition to be sent to ZigBee terminals, ZigBee terminals are connect by GPRS module with monitoring host computer carries out remote data management for receiving the pasture environmental data.The present invention utilizes the characteristic of livestock movement, periodically irregularly acquires livestock Jiankang information, environmental information, is analyzed using computer technology, as the reliable basis for the accurate implement countermeasure of situation.

Description

A kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee
Technical field
The invention belongs to modern agriculture field of engineering technology, specifically design a kind of pasture environment comprehensive based on ZigBee and adopt Collect monitoring system.
Background technology
With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, society is increasing to the demand of animal products, therefore promote The fast development of China's animal husbandry.Since society breeds and raises science and technology to the increase of the tight product demand of livestock and poultry and livestock and poultry Progress, livestock and poultry cultivation, which is gradually raised from traditional casual household to large-scale breeding mode, to be changed, from extensive operation to intensive direction Transition.
Internet of Things passes through the technologies such as sensor, Radio Frequency Identification Technology, global positioning system, any required prison of acquisition in real time Control, connection, interactive object or process, acquire the letter of the various needs such as its sound, light, heat, electricity, mechanics, chemistry, biology, position Breath realizes object and object, object and the ubiquitous connection of people by all kinds of possible network insertions, realizes the intelligence to article and process Allelopathic is known, identifies and is managed.But in existing Internet of Things, mainly or applied to interiors such as household, mansions, animal husbandry is led Domain, main still by labor management, the efficiency of management, the precision of management and the science of management are all relatively low, for herding Heredity in industry production process, which is chosen, can not carry out longer history retrospect, can only rely on standard empirical and visually observe progress Screening.
Invention content
It is based in view of the above-mentioned deficiencies in the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is that providing one kind The pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system of ZigBee, can position livestock, and cooperation remote sensing ecological monitoring system is collected Ground environment ecological data.
The present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee, including ZigBee terminals, animal health information Acquisition module, air quality information acquisition module, ground surface environment information acquisition module, image information collecting module and monitoring master Machine, animal health information acquisition module, air quality information acquisition module, ground surface environment information acquisition module and image information are adopted Collection module is connect by ZigBee module with ZigBee terminals for the pasture environmental data of acquisition to be sent to ZigBee ends End, ZigBee terminals are connect by GPRS module with monitoring host computer carries out teledata pipe for receiving the pasture environmental data Reason.
Specifically, the ZigBee module is additionally provided with big dipper module, the big dipper module is used for recording geographical position simultaneously The ZigBee module is sent information to, the monitoring host computer is sent to by ZigBee terminals.
Specifically, the ZigBee module is connected with solar recharging module for powering.
Specifically, the ZigBee module is portable information acquisition module, it is arranged in livestock neck, animal health information Acquisition module, air quality information acquisition module, ground surface environment information acquisition module and image information collecting module are integrated in institute It states in ZigBee module.
Further, animal health information acquisition module includes heart rate sensor, temperature sensor, motion sensor and micro- Controller;The heart rate sensor, temperature sensor, motion sensor and warning device are electrically connected with the microcontroller respectively It connects;The microcontroller is electrically connected with ZigBee module.
Further, the microcontroller is additionally operable to the data when the heart rate sensor, the temperature sensor are sent Signal triggering alarm is sent when reaching default warning point.
Specifically, the air quality information acquisition module include controller, dust sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, Temperature sensor, humidity sensor, range sensor and pressure sensor, range sensor is for measuring air quality monitoring dress Set the distance between air filter, dust sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, away from It is electrically connected with the controller respectively from sensor and pressure sensor, controller is electrically connected with ZigBee module, air quality information Acquisition module is used to acquire the air quality data of current location, and air quality data includes at least one of following:Dust data, Carbon dioxide data, temperature data, humidity data and barometric information.
Specifically, ground surface environment information acquisition module includes atmosphere temperature transducer, MCU micro-control units, atmospheric temperature Sensor is electrically connected by A/D converter with MCU micro-control units, and MCU micro-control units are electrically connected with ZigBee module.
Specifically, image information collecting module includes far infrared camera, high-definition camera and dsp processor, far infrared Camera and high-definition camera are electrically connected with dsp processor respectively, and dsp processor is electrically connected with ZigBee module, and far infrared is taken the photograph As the shooting angle of head and high-definition camera is adjustable.
Specifically, the GPRS module selects SIM900A, the SIM90A to use ARM926EJ-S frameworks, the master control Device module processed is connect by the GPRS module with monitoring center's system.
Compared with prior art, the present invention at least has the advantages that:
Present invention application technology of Internet of things, including ZigBee technology, sensor technology, ZigBee module are responsible in a network According to environmental parameters dynamic real time datas such as instruction acquisition grassland, the humidity of pasture environment, temperature and data are uploaded to ZigBee Terminal, ZigBee terminal data acquisitions receive and blame the network management of entire acquisition system, and pass through GPRS module and prison Control host is communicated, and monitoring host computer is used for Management System Data library, is carried out the information that ZigBee terminals are collected into deposit Bet, be divided Analysis, and exchanged with user by operation interface, by the instruction issuing of user, data are carried out according to the demand of user Analysis shows analysis result, provides treatment advice and decision-making foundation.
Further, it is provided with big dipper module in ZigBee module, by Big Dipper location technology, livestock can be determined Position, cooperation remote sensing ecological monitoring system collect ground environment ecological data, and data accuracy is high.
Further, acquisition system of the present invention can also be to livestock and herd life entity by configuring respective sensor The data such as sign, Population Health situation, present position are acquired, transmit.
Below by drawings and examples, technical scheme of the present invention will be described in further detail.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is present system schematic diagram.
Specific implementation mode
The invention discloses a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee, including ZigBee terminals, ZigBee module and monitoring host computer, the ZigBee module are portable information acquisition module, are arranged in livestock neck, for adopting Collection pasture environmental data is simultaneously uploaded to the ZigBee terminals, and the ZigBee terminals connect for completing pasture environmental data collecting The network management with entire acquisition system is received, and is connect with the monitoring host computer by GPRS module, the monitoring host computer is used for The pasture environmental data that the ZigBee terminals are collected into is stored, is analyzed by Management System Data library, and by operating boundary Face is exchanged with user, and by the instruction issuing of user, data analysis, display analysis knot are carried out according to the demand of user Fruit provides treatment advice and decision-making foundation.
Referring to Fig. 1, the ZigBee module is connected separately with big dipper module and solar recharging module, the Big Dipper mould Block is sent to monitoring host computer for recording geographical position and by ZigBee terminals, and solar recharging module is used to be acquisition system It is powered.
The ZigBee module is portable information acquisition module, is arranged in a certain livestock neck of herd, including livestock Health and fitness information acquisition module, air quality information acquisition module, ground surface environment information acquisition module and image information collecting module, The animal health information acquisition module collects the health and fitness information of livestock individual by heart rate sensor and blood pressure sensor, with point The band entire livestock group epidemic situation of surface analysis, monitors livestock upgrowth situation.
Animal health information acquisition module includes heart rate sensor, temperature sensor, motion sensor and microcontroller;Institute Heart rate sensor, temperature sensor, motion sensor and warning device is stated to be electrically connected with the microcontroller respectively;The micro-control Device processed is electrically connected with ZigBee module;The microcontroller is additionally operable to send when the heart rate sensor, the temperature sensor Data send signal triggering alarm when reaching default warning point.
The air quality information acquisition module includes controller, dust sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, temperature sensing Device, humidity sensor, range sensor and pressure sensor, range sensor is for measuring air quality monitoring device and air The distance between filter device, dust sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, range sensor It is electrically connected with the controller respectively with pressure sensor, controller is electrically connected with ZigBee module, air quality information acquisition module Air quality data for acquiring current location, air quality data include at least one of following:Dust data, carbon dioxide Data, temperature data, humidity data and barometric information.
Ground surface environment information acquisition module includes atmosphere temperature transducer, MCU micro-control units, and atmosphere temperature transducer is logical It crosses A/D converter to be electrically connected with MCU micro-control units, MCU micro-control units are electrically connected with ZigBee module.
Image information collecting module includes far infrared camera, high-definition camera and dsp processor, far infrared camera and High-definition camera is electrically connected with dsp processor respectively, and dsp processor is electrically connected with ZigBee module, far infrared camera and height The shooting angle of clear camera is adjustable.
During livestock bows feeding, by the way that air quality information acquisition module and the ground surface environment letter in neck is arranged Close acquisition module, contact grassland vegetation, soil are ceased, it is warm and humid to analyze earth's surface for acquisition earth's surface environmental information, air quality information The information such as degree, pest and disease damage, far infrared camera and high-definition camera analyze surface vegetation growing way by irregular Image Acquisition Deng.While collecting various sensor informations, by big dipper module recording geographical position, in order to carry out precision data from the background Analysis.
The ZigBee module include ZigBee circuits, MCU circuits, first memory circuit, second memory circuit and Interface circuit, the first memory circuit are all connect with ZigBee circuits, and the second memory circuit connects with MCU circuits It connects, the MCU circuits and ZigBee circuits are all connect with interface circuit;The MCU circuits include MCU, the first crystal oscillator and second Crystal oscillator, the first crystal oscillator are connected across between 6 feet of MCU and 7 feet, and the second crystal oscillator is connected across between 1 foot of MCU and 48 feet, and first is brilliant The both ends at the both ends and the second crystal oscillator that shake all pass through capacity earth, 11 feet of MCU, the second storage of 20 feet, 26 feet and the connection of 27 feet Device circuit.
ZigBee circuits include ZigBee chips, antenna, capacitance C11, capacitance C14, capacitance C15, capacitance C16, capacitance C17, capacitance C18, inductance L1 and inductance L2,20 feet, 22 feet, 23 feet and 24 feet of the ZigBee chips connect first memory Circuit, inductance L2 are connected across between 12 feet of ZigBee chips and 13 feet, and the first of the 30 feet connection capacitance C16 of ZigBee chips The second end of end and power vd D, capacitance C16 are grounded;The first end and power vd D of the 9 feet connection capacitance C15 of ZigBee chips, The second end of capacitance C15 is grounded, and capacitance C17 and capacitance C15 are in parallel;13 feet of the first end connection ZigBee chips of capacitance C14, Second end connects the first end of inductance L1, the first end of the second end connection capacitance C11 of inductance L1, and the second end of capacitance C11 connects Connect antenna, the second end of the first end connection capacitance C11 of capacitance C18, the second end ground connection of capacitance C18.
MCU is LPC11E6XJBD68 chips, and the second memory includes M25P40-VMN6TPB chips, ZigBee Chip is JN516X.
The GPRS module selects SIM900A, the SIM90A to use ARM926EJ-S frameworks, the main controller module It is connect with monitoring center's system by the SIM900 modules.
The present invention carries out data collecting system using ZigBee technology, and carries out remote data transmission by GPRS module, The characteristic moved using livestock is periodically irregularly acquired livestock Jiankang information, environmental information, is divided using computer technology Analysis, as the reliable basis for the accurate implement countermeasure of situation.
The above content is merely illustrative of the invention's technical idea, and protection scope of the present invention cannot be limited with this, every to press According to technological thought proposed by the present invention, any change done on the basis of technical solution each falls within claims of the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee, which is characterized in that including ZigBee terminals, livestock Health and fitness information acquisition module, air quality information acquisition module, ground surface environment information acquisition module, image information collecting module and Monitoring host computer, animal health information acquisition module, air quality information acquisition module, ground surface environment information acquisition module and image Information acquisition module is connect by ZigBee module with ZigBee terminals for the pasture environmental data of acquisition to be sent to ZigBee terminals, ZigBee terminals are connect by GPRS module with monitoring host computer to be carried out far for receiving the pasture environmental data Journey data management.
2. a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee according to claim 1, which is characterized in that The ZigBee module is additionally provided with big dipper module, and the big dipper module is for recording geographical position and sends information to described ZigBee module is sent to the monitoring host computer by ZigBee terminals.
3. a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee according to claim 1, which is characterized in that The ZigBee module is connected with solar recharging module for powering.
4. a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee according to claim 1, which is characterized in that The ZigBee module is portable information acquisition module, is arranged in livestock neck, animal health information acquisition module, air matter Amount information acquisition module, ground surface environment information acquisition module and image information collecting module are integrated in the ZigBee module.
5. a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee according to claim 4, which is characterized in that Animal health information acquisition module includes heart rate sensor, temperature sensor, motion sensor and microcontroller;The heart rate passes Sensor, temperature sensor, motion sensor and warning device are electrically connected with the microcontroller respectively;The microcontroller with ZigBee module is electrically connected.
6. a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: The microcontroller is additionally operable to send out when the data that the heart rate sensor, the temperature sensor are sent reach default warning point The number of delivering letters triggering alarm.
7. a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee according to claim 1, which is characterized in that The air quality information acquisition module includes controller, dust sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, temperature sensor, humidity Sensor, range sensor and pressure sensor, range sensor is for measuring air quality monitoring device and air filtration dress The distance between set, dust sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, range sensor and pressure Sensor is electrically connected with the controller respectively, and controller is electrically connected with ZigBee module, and air quality information acquisition module is for adopting Collect the air quality data of current location, air quality data includes at least one of following:Dust data, carbon dioxide data, Temperature data, humidity data and barometric information.
8. a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee according to claim 1, which is characterized in that Ground surface environment information acquisition module includes atmosphere temperature transducer, MCU micro-control units, and atmosphere temperature transducer is converted by AD Device is electrically connected with MCU micro-control units, and MCU micro-control units are electrically connected with ZigBee module.
9. a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee according to claim 1, which is characterized in that Image information collecting module includes far infrared camera, high-definition camera and dsp processor, far infrared camera and high-definition camera Head is electrically connected with dsp processor respectively, and dsp processor is electrically connected with ZigBee module, far infrared camera and high-definition camera Shooting angle it is adjustable.
10. a kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee according to claim 1, feature exist In the GPRS module selects SIM900A, the SIM90A that ARM926EJ-S frameworks, the main controller module is used to pass through The GPRS module is connect with monitoring center's system.
CN201810798495.5A 2018-07-19 2018-07-19 A kind of pasture environment comprehensive collection monitoring system based on ZigBee Pending CN108693811A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110906986A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-03-24 内蒙古工业大学 Grassland ecological monitoring system and method based on Internet of things
CN111121866A (en) * 2019-12-12 2020-05-08 句容市浩源生态农业科技有限公司 Livestock and poultry breeding environment monitoring system
CN114545832A (en) * 2022-03-02 2022-05-27 江西增鑫科技股份有限公司 Livestock inspection method and system

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102393697A (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-03-28 无锡艾德里安科技有限公司 Wireless remote monitoring and controlling system on environment of culturing farm
CN106940551A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-07-11 姜晶 A kind of pasture environment acquisition system based on Internet of Things
CN107563577A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-09 成都常明信息技术有限公司 A kind of animal health management system
CN107657296A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-02 成都常明信息技术有限公司 A kind of animal health management system based on RFID
CN108107445A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-01 成都草寓科技有限公司 A kind of pasture monitoring system based on 3D laser radars

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102393697A (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-03-28 无锡艾德里安科技有限公司 Wireless remote monitoring and controlling system on environment of culturing farm
CN106940551A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-07-11 姜晶 A kind of pasture environment acquisition system based on Internet of Things
CN107563577A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-09 成都常明信息技术有限公司 A kind of animal health management system
CN107657296A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-02 成都常明信息技术有限公司 A kind of animal health management system based on RFID
CN108107445A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-01 成都草寓科技有限公司 A kind of pasture monitoring system based on 3D laser radars

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110906986A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-03-24 内蒙古工业大学 Grassland ecological monitoring system and method based on Internet of things
CN111121866A (en) * 2019-12-12 2020-05-08 句容市浩源生态农业科技有限公司 Livestock and poultry breeding environment monitoring system
CN114545832A (en) * 2022-03-02 2022-05-27 江西增鑫科技股份有限公司 Livestock inspection method and system

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Application publication date: 20181023