CN108672854A - A kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device - Google Patents

A kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108672854A
CN108672854A CN201810506929.XA CN201810506929A CN108672854A CN 108672854 A CN108672854 A CN 108672854A CN 201810506929 A CN201810506929 A CN 201810506929A CN 108672854 A CN108672854 A CN 108672854A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
blind hole
cathode
special
shaped blind
workpiece
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810506929.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴小锋
蒋丽伟
杨炼
尹飞鸿
郭魂
何亚峰
冯春
王祥志
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changzhou University
Original Assignee
Changzhou Institute of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changzhou Institute of Technology filed Critical Changzhou Institute of Technology
Priority to CN201810506929.XA priority Critical patent/CN108672854A/en
Publication of CN108672854A publication Critical patent/CN108672854A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H11/00Auxiliary apparatus or details, not otherwise provided for
    • B23H11/003Mounting of workpieces, e.g. working-tables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H3/00Electrochemical machining, i.e. removing metal by passing current between an electrode and a workpiece in the presence of an electrolyte
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H3/00Electrochemical machining, i.e. removing metal by passing current between an electrode and a workpiece in the presence of an electrolyte
    • B23H3/10Supply or regeneration of working media
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H9/00Machining specially adapted for treating particular metal objects or for obtaining special effects or results on metal objects
    • B23H9/14Making holes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining devices, including tool cathode device, electrolysis Work fixture device, workpiece and machine tool system, the tool cathode device is controlled by machine tool chief axis to be rotated, it is provided with rotatable swivel, for stirring electrolyte, pass through the Electrolyzed Processing of mobile completion special-shaped blind hole of the workpiece on electrolysis Work fixture device.It includes swivel, cathode work head, ceramic bearing, carbon ring to rotate tool cathode device, and the ceramic bearing is sheathed on swivel outside, and the carbon ring is set between swivel and ceramic bearing.Cathode of the present invention is controlled by machine tool chief axis to be rotated, stir electrolyte, make even flow field, by a series of mobile realization processing of the workpiece in tooling, the Electrolyzed Processing of special-shaped blind hole, the configuration of the present invention is simple are completed, even flow field, processing efficiency is higher, it can be achieved that blind hole is processed, and has extensive practical value.

Description

A kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of electrolytic machining device, more particularly to a kind of hexagon blind hole rotating cathode with anodic protection Electrolytic machining device belongs to Electrolyzed Processing field.
Background technology
Electrolyzed Processing is to generate the principle workpiece that Anodic dissolves in the electrolytic solution using metal processing is formed Special process method, compare other processing methods, Electrolyzed Processing have tool cathode it is lossless, without cutting force, processing not by Material cutting ability influences and good processing accuracy, many advantages, such as shaping efficiency is high, the abnormity particularly suitable for difficult-to-machine material The processing in hole, deep hole and aperture provides a kind of inexpensive, high quality processing method for irregularly-shaped hole.
But there are problems that flow field is uneven, there are boss for blind via bottom in irregularly-shaped hole electrochemical machining process.
Invention content
For the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of hexagon blind hole rotation with anodic protection Catholyte processing unit (plant) makes electrolyte even flow field in whole process by cathode rotation, improves blind hole bottom side quality, Improve irregularly-shaped hole Electrolyzed Processing efficiency and processing quality.
In order to achieve the above objectives, technical solution provided by the invention is:
A kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device, including tool cathode device, electrolysis Work fixture device, work Part and machine tool system, the tool cathode device is controlled by machine tool chief axis to be rotated, and rotatable swivel is provided with, for stirring Electrolyte is mixed, the Electrolyzed Processing of mobile completion special-shaped blind hole of the workpiece on electrolysis Work fixture device is passed through.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the rotation tool cathode device includes swivel, cathode work head, ceramic shaft It holds, carbon ring, the ceramic bearing is sheathed on swivel outside, and the carbon ring is set between swivel and ceramic bearing.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the head of the cathode work head is provided with processing sword, the processing tooth shape Shape be include triangle, rectangular, hexagon polymorphic structure.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the electrolysis Work fixture device includes bolt, bolt sleeve, supporting table, institute State the side that bolt sleeve is set to workpiece in supporting table, the bolt screws in bolt sleeve, to by Workpiece clamping in bolt it Between.
As a further improvement on the present invention, further include electrolyte circulation system, the electrolyte circulation system by with work Have the connected inlet tube of cathode assembly successively through flowmeter, reversal valve, throttle valve, bidirectional variable valve, be connected with oil filter, It is connected with motor in the bidirectional variable valve.
As a further improvement on the present invention, oil is connected to by overflow valve between the throttle valve and bidirectional variable valve Case.
Using technical solution provided by the invention, compared with existing known technology, there is following remarkable result:
A kind of special-shaped blind hole electrochemical machining method and device of the present invention, simple in structure, at low cost, electrochemical machining process Middle even flow field, processing blind hole bottom side quality is good, can one-pass molding, effectively improve Electrolyzed Processing efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of rotating cathode in the present invention.
In figure:1. power supply;2. machine tool chief axis;3. swivel;4. special-shaped blind hole cathode work head;5. inlet tube;6. fuel tank;7. Overflow valve;8. oil filter;9. motor;10. two-way variable displacement pump;11. throttle valve;12. reversal valve;13. flowmeter;14. bolt; 15. bolt sleeve;16. supporting table;17. workbench;18. workpiece;19. bolt;20. ceramic bearing;21. carbon ring.
Specific implementation mode
Invention is further described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
The structure of a kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrochemical machining method of the present invention and device is as shown in Figure 1, include tool Cathode assembly, electrolysis Work fixture device, workpiece and machine tool system, electrolyte circulation system, are provided with rotatable turn Body 3, swivel 3 is controlled by machine tool chief axis to be rotated, and is stirred electrolyte, is made even flow field, pass through mobile realization of the workpiece in tooling The Electrolyzed Processing of special-shaped blind hole is completed in a series of processing by axis feeding.Electrolyte circulation system by with tool cathode device Connected inlet tube 5 through flowmeter 13, reversal valve 12, throttle valve 11, bidirectional variable valve 10, is connected successively with oil filter 8, Motor 9 is connected in bidirectional variable valve 10.Fuel tank 6 is connected to by overflow valve 7 between throttle valve 11 and bidirectional variable valve 10.
The structure of tool cathode device as shown in Fig. 2, including swivel 3, special-shaped blind hole cathode work head 4, ceramic bearing 20, Carbon ring 21, ceramic bearing 20 are sheathed on outside swivel 3, and carbon ring 21 is set between swivel 3 and ceramic bearing 20.Cathode work It can be the polymorphic structures such as triangle, rectangular, hexagon to make head processing tooth shape shape.
Work fixture device includes bolt 14, bolt sleeve 15, supporting table 16, and bolt sleeve 15 is set to workpiece in supporting table 16 18 side, bolt 14 screw in bolt sleeve 15, and clamping and the pine of workpiece are realized by the screw-in and back-out of the right and left bolt It opens.
In conclusion the present invention is mainly by rotation tool cathode device, electrolysis Work fixture device, workpiece and lathe system System, electrolyte circulation system composition, cathode is controlled by machine tool chief axis to be rotated, and is stirred electrolyte, is made even flow field, existed by workpiece A series of processing of mobile realization in tooling, complete the Electrolyzed Processing of special-shaped blind hole, the configuration of the present invention is simple, and even flow field adds Work efficiency rate is higher, it can be achieved that blind hole is processed, and has extensive practical value.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention.All essences in the present invention All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention made by within refreshing and principle.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device, including tool cathode device, electrolysis Work fixture device, workpiece And machine tool system, it is characterised in that:The tool cathode device is controlled by machine tool chief axis to be rotated, and is provided with rotatable turn Body passes through the Electrolyzed Processing of mobile completion special-shaped blind hole of the workpiece on electrolysis Work fixture device for stirring electrolyte.
2. a kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rotation Tool cathode device includes swivel, cathode work head, ceramic bearing, carbon ring, and the ceramic bearing is sheathed on swivel outside, institute Carbon ring is stated to be set between swivel and ceramic bearing.
3. a kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cathode The head of work head is provided with processing sword, the processing tooth shape shape be include triangle, rectangular, hexagon polymorphic structure.
4. a kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The electrolysis Work fixture device includes bolt, bolt sleeve, supporting table, and the bolt sleeve is set to the side of workpiece in supporting table, the spiral shell Bolt screws in bolt sleeve, thus by Workpiece clamping between bolt.
5. a kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It further include electricity Solve fluid circulation, the electrolyte circulation system by the inlet tube that is connected with tool cathode device successively through flowmeter, commutate Valve, throttle valve, bidirectional variable valve, are connected with oil filter, and motor is connected in the bidirectional variable valve.
6. a kind of hexagon blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device with anodic protection according to claim 5, special Sign is:Fuel tank is connected to by overflow valve between the throttle valve and bidirectional variable valve.
CN201810506929.XA 2018-05-24 2018-05-24 A kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device Pending CN108672854A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810506929.XA CN108672854A (en) 2018-05-24 2018-05-24 A kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810506929.XA CN108672854A (en) 2018-05-24 2018-05-24 A kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108672854A true CN108672854A (en) 2018-10-19

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201810506929.XA Pending CN108672854A (en) 2018-05-24 2018-05-24 A kind of special-shaped blind hole rotating cathode electrolytic machining device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108672854A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109454302A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-03-12 常州工学院 A kind of plane Electrolyzed Processing is with turning cartridge device
CN111168168A (en) * 2020-02-20 2020-05-19 东北石油大学 Device and method for machining blind hole in perforating gun

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1738514A1 (en) * 1990-01-09 1992-06-07 Институт Химии Неводных Растворов Ан Ссср Tool-electrode for electrochemical machining
JP2003300157A (en) * 2003-03-28 2003-10-21 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Grinding wheel electrolytic dressing device
CN1943951A (en) * 2006-10-20 2007-04-11 南京航空航天大学 Electrolytic processing method for ribbed deep small holes and special tool cathode
CN102699455A (en) * 2012-05-23 2012-10-03 太仓凯鑫电子有限公司 Device for processing metallic workpiece
CN106881506A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-06-23 中国工程物理研究院机械制造工艺研究所 A kind of utilization bubble aids in the profound and subtle hole forming method of electric spark of chip removal
CN107225299A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-10-03 南京航空航天大学 Two-tube collapsible tool negative electrode and its electrolysis milling combined machining method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1738514A1 (en) * 1990-01-09 1992-06-07 Институт Химии Неводных Растворов Ан Ссср Tool-electrode for electrochemical machining
JP2003300157A (en) * 2003-03-28 2003-10-21 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Grinding wheel electrolytic dressing device
CN1943951A (en) * 2006-10-20 2007-04-11 南京航空航天大学 Electrolytic processing method for ribbed deep small holes and special tool cathode
CN102699455A (en) * 2012-05-23 2012-10-03 太仓凯鑫电子有限公司 Device for processing metallic workpiece
CN106881506A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-06-23 中国工程物理研究院机械制造工艺研究所 A kind of utilization bubble aids in the profound and subtle hole forming method of electric spark of chip removal
CN107225299A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-10-03 南京航空航天大学 Two-tube collapsible tool negative electrode and its electrolysis milling combined machining method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109454302A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-03-12 常州工学院 A kind of plane Electrolyzed Processing is with turning cartridge device
CN111168168A (en) * 2020-02-20 2020-05-19 东北石油大学 Device and method for machining blind hole in perforating gun
CN111168168B (en) * 2020-02-20 2021-06-11 东北石油大学 Device and method for machining blind hole in perforating gun

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Effective date of registration: 20190125

Address after: 213032 No. 666 Liaohe Road, Xinbei District, Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Applicant after: Changzhou Polytechnic College

Applicant after: Changzhou University

Address before: 213032 No. 666 Liaohe Road, Xinbei District, Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Applicant before: Changzhou Polytechnic College

Effective date of registration: 20190125

Address after: 213032 No. 666 Liaohe Road, Xinbei District, Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Applicant after: Changzhou Polytechnic College

Applicant after: Changzhou University

Address before: 213032 No. 666 Liaohe Road, Xinbei District, Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Applicant before: Changzhou Polytechnic College

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20181019