CN1086690A - Seed rubbing machine - Google Patents

Seed rubbing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1086690A
CN1086690A CN 92112448 CN92112448A CN1086690A CN 1086690 A CN1086690 A CN 1086690A CN 92112448 CN92112448 CN 92112448 CN 92112448 A CN92112448 A CN 92112448A CN 1086690 A CN1086690 A CN 1086690A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
mentioned
carrier pipe
bump
shell
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN 92112448
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
路易斯·阿方索·罗德里格兹·佩雷拉
Original Assignee
路易斯·阿方索·罗德里格兹·佩雷拉
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Priority to CN 92112448 priority Critical patent/CN1086690A/en
Publication of CN1086690A publication Critical patent/CN1086690A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

By a seed hulling machine,,, can shell effectively such as pumpkin seeds than the seed of soft shell.This seed rubbing machine has the carrier pipe of a horizontal setting, one links the hair-dryer of carrier pipe one end, one links the bump case of the carrier pipe other end, seed is in input carrier pipe in place's in the middle of the carrier pipe between bump case and hair-dryer, the bump case have one be blown into air by hair-dryer and driven the perpendicular bump wall of seed movement direction, thereby seed collides the bump wall and collides mutually with the seed of returning that rebounds from the bump wall, to reach the purpose of seed shelling.

Description

Seed rubbing machine
The present invention relates to a kind of hulling machine, more particularly, the present invention and sloughs relevant than the device of bladder seed.
In prior art, seed rubbing machine is widely known by the people, and this kind hulling machine is mainly used to slough foodstuff grain, such as the shell of cereal such as rice, wheat, Chinese sorghum, for the shell that removes grain in order to further processing.
Dissimilar cereal or the seed rubbing machine sold on present world market are divided into three major types roughly, just, first kind hulling machine, the principle of utilizing roller to rotate with differential, when cereal or seed pass between the roller roll gap, utilize the friction seed and shell, the principle that the second class hulling machine utilizes cereal and suitable screen cloth to wipe mutually removes or the ground cereal shell, and shell is taken away the another side that makes Gu Xin stay screen cloth by the air-flow that passes sieve aperture, and the 3rd class hulling machine is for making cereal collision stiff dough reach shelling by rotation hammer or similar thing.
Utilize the seed rubbing machine of this prior art of the principle of differential rotary rollers to generally comprise a pair of roller, one of them roller rotates with higher speed than another roller, so that produce a friction effect between roller.With different rotational speed, seed is input in the roll gap between roller by roller, the cereal surface by roll gap is rubbed, thereby reach the purpose of shelling.
These machines are extraordinary obsolescence technically, on market, all can see the example of many this kind hulling machines, for example authorize an example of the U.S. Patent No. 4357864 of Surrey's moral (Salete) in November 9 nineteen eighty-two, this example has illustrated that a kind of roll shape hulling machine is as the device NO33 in the described grater of Fig. 1 in the above-mentioned patent.Obtain No. the 3451st, Mexico's certificate of invention and enjoy in the invention of Japanese patent application priority on the 2nd June in 1975 on December 2nd, 1980 by Sa Tanke engineering company, also illustrate and narrated another example of this type of roll-type decorticator.
A kind of hulling machine of above-mentioned patents state, this machine have two rollers, and wherein a roller rotating speed is higher than another roller, in order that between roll gap, produce an abrasive action, as mentioned above, seed is by the gap between roller, and the abrasive action that causes by the differential between roller is so that shelling.This type machine is suitable for various kinds seed is almost shelled, but the seed very big to the size difference of width, thickness, length is not very effective just, because special circumstances to this type of seed, just can not be fine such as pumpkin seeds etc. the gap between the seed guide roller, and do not accomplish to make all seeds to arrive above-mentioned roll gap or need very that complicated apparatus makes seed be in same position before entering roll gap with same position, in order to avoid by producing the high breakage rate of seed in the above-mentioned type machining.The roll shape hulling machine is all very clear to any technical staff in the present technique field, except to exercising the abrasive action by the seed of its roll gap, can also apply an adjustable pressure, because can adjust gap between two rollers by suitable mechanical device, in case but machine start, this gap just can not change.If the seed of being processed by above-mentioned roll shape hulling machine has the top size characteristic of being said, be that seed length and seed width differ very big and seed width and length and its thickness have big difference, the high breakage rate of seed will take place so, unless before seed entered roll gap, the hulling machine setting was used for the costliness and the complicated apparatus of seed aligning.
The hulling machine of other present main type in prior art, be that screen cloth type hulling machine is made up of the vertical rotor of abradant surface thereon by one, this vertical rotor rotates in the chamber that screen cloth forms and an air-flow blows to screen cloth foreign side in rotor, rotate above-mentioned grinding rotor in case in a processing cavity against screen cloth friction seed, thereby shell is pulverized seed hulls from the seed removal and by rotor and the two strong abrasive action of screen cloth, and air-flow is taken away the shell of pulverizing by sieve screen apertures, seed is shifted to this device top subsequently, discharges the seed that shells by suitable device for discharging.
Also can provide many different instances, such hulling machine, such as authorizing the United States Patent (USP) 3960068 of Surrey's moral on June 1st, 1976, authorized the United States Patent (USP) 4292890 of Surrey's moral on October 6th, 1981, and the United States Patent (USP) 5048407 described hulling machines of also authorizing Surrey's moral on September 17th, 1991, all above-mentioned patents all relate to the screen mesh type hulling machine, this machine shells effective especially to the seed that has than duricrust, but the seed that is not suitable for having than soft shell shells, because be difficult for soft shell is pulverized, the valid function of this machine is absolutely necessary and pulverize shell by machine action.
In collision type hulling machine, there are a large amount of dissimilar hulling machines in the prior art, most of this type of machine is operated by colliding seed or cereal by the movable member of hammer or other form.In this identical category, one type of hulling machine velocity of sound motion friction seed and make between seed bump mutually simultaneously on the inwall of container of utilizing air-flow wherein, this hulling machine is authorized Wei Keduo on March 19th, 1985, have a detailed description in the United States Patent (USP) 4505196 of Bezier, one unusual high velocity air of this machinery utilization tangential ejection in frustum conical vessel upper end, in order that produce rotatablely moving of an air, and seed is by the center input of container upper end, thereby seed is by high velocity gas stream, and seed is thrown by container inner wall by centrifugal force, so the slip of container inner wall is produced a friction effect by seed, simultaneously by seed to the bounce-back of container inner wall with because the friction speed of the formation of impacting mutually between seed all can produce a knock-on effect, thereby just reached effective shelling of seed.Yet, this machine is except very high-speed air is essential compares the expensive facility in order to introduce, the air that will provide hypervelocity to move also, and this hypervelocity air-flow may be not enough to the suitable shelling of soft shell seed such as pumpkin seeds, butter bean and chick-pea, and above-mentioned these have seed than soft shell to have only by obtained high air velocity in installing soft shell is pulverized fully.
In sum, all dissimilar hulling machines in the prior art, these machines that are used for special purpose all compare expensive, there is not a machine to be applicable to shelling in them with soft shell seed such as pumpkin, butter bean and chick-pea, and until so far, an effective machine of sloughing the soft shell seed hulls also do not occur, particularly be used for peeling off the machine of pumpkin shell.
Consider the defective of peeling off the soft shell seed rubbing machine in the prior art, purpose of the present invention just provides very simple and the hulling machine that can economical operation of a kind of structure, and function is peeled off the shape and size ratio of the shell and the seed of soft shell seed no matter the present invention shells.
Another purpose of the present invention provides a hulling machine that above-mentioned characteristic arranged, and it can slough seed hulls, can suitably damage the seed core again.
The present invention another and more specifically purpose be except the hulling machine that provides above-mentioned characteristic, this hulling machine also just can be sloughed the shell of pumpkin very effectively neatly in once-through operation.
Foregoing invention purpose and attached purpose thereof preferably reach in the following manner.
According to most preferred embodiment of the present invention, one hulling machine that is suitable for sloughing the soft shell seed has the carrier pipe of a horizontal setting, the end that one fan is connected in above-mentioned carrier pipe is used to carry an air-flow, one bump case is connected in the relative other end of above-mentioned carrier pipe, the bump case has a vertical transport pipe and direct wall towards the carrier pipe port of export, in the middle of between carrier pipe two ends place be connected with a seed send into the funnel of carrier pipe and a collecting box be placed on the bump case below with seed after collecting machining and the shell of peeling off, by fan, the seed flow of sending into from funnel is taken away so that the seed that the above-mentioned bump tank wall of seed collision rebounds shells with other seed collision and falls in the above-mentioned collecting box by the air of carrier pipe one end input.Seed and the shell of taking off can be used known device, such as the air screen(ing) machine separately.
Think that the new feature of feature of the present invention can illustrate especially in following claim.
Yet the present invention itself comprises the structure of invention and method of operating with additional goal of the invention and advantage, from described specific embodiment hereinafter and just can better understand in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of a kind of hulling machine of building according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the facade view of seed rubbing machine shown in Figure 1, is indicated as to reach to make the action air that seed shells and the motion of seed.
In making certain candy and snack, use pumpkin to be widely known by the people for many years.Yet in recent years, because above-mentioned pumpkin nutritive value and other welcome characteristic, the use of pumpkin is liked by the common people more with various forms, such as appetizer, snack etc., though in some cases can be with the pumpkin of band shell, can more be to remove the shell of pumpkin seeds so that it has more delicious sense.
Though hulling machine of the present invention hereinafter described refers to the pumpkin shelling, because pumpkin is occupied an important seat on market, can be all apparent to any technical staff in present technique field, this hulling machine can same efficiency be used to peel off the shell of other type soft shell seed, such as chick-pea, butter bean and black soya bean etc.
Consider above content and now more specifically with reference to accompanying drawing, one is used to slough the hulling machine of soft shell seed hulls shown in the figure, be particularly suited for sloughing the shell of pumpkin, this hulling machine has the carrier pipe 1 of a horizontal setting, one blower fan or fan 2 are linked an end of above-mentioned carrier pipe 1 by a suitable flange 3, and a bump case 4 is connected in an other end of carrier pipe 1 and collecting box 8 is located immediately at the below of bump case 4.
Can know from accompanying drawing 2 and find out that fan 2 has one to be contained in the impeller 9 of axle on 10 and to rotate along the arrow direction, for air is sent into and passed through carrier pipe 1 by giving the constant speed degree, shown in accompanying drawing 2 directions of arrow.Axle 10 is supported on the outside of fan 2 shells by suitable axle journal 11, and axle journal 11 is installed in again on the support 12, sees as knowing from Fig. 1.
Bump case 4 be connected on the termination 5 of carrier pipe 1 with being integral and a funnel 6 by a suitable joint 7 be positioned on above-mentioned carrier pipe 1 length in the middle of the place.
The operation of hulling machine of the present invention is as follows: seed is poured in the funnel 6 of hulling machine, shown in label 13 in the accompanying drawing 2, funnel 6 has an opening 7 in its termination, seed dependence gravity fall and the air-flow that is also produced by fan 2 import and enter carrier pipe 1, air-flow with seed move by the direction of arrow shown in the label 14 in the accompanying drawing 2, and in impingement region 15, collide the bump wall 16 of this bump case 4.Therefore find out in accompanying drawing 2 that also in impingement region 15, seed bounce-back on bump wall 16 will collide mutually with other seed, effectively shell and the purpose of the damaged seed of minimum degree thereby reach one.Like this, the seed that is produced is taken away by air-flow with the mixture part of taking off shell, and part is taken away by gravity, all falls in the collecting box 8 shown in Fig. 2 17.
The mixture of seed and seed hulls can be come separately by known devices, such as handling above-mentioned mixture at a screen(ing) machine, by an air-flow that intersects with seed and seed hulls stream, utilizes the difference of proportion just can separate seed that shells and shell fully.In the accompanying drawing and not shown this screen(ing) machine,,, be easy to the seed that shells is separated with shell owing to can utilize the difference of proportion with well-known many different modes in the prior art because it is not a part of the present invention.
As can be seen, it is a kind of novel that the present invention provides, is particularly suitable for sloughing the shell of soft shell seed, more particularly is suitable for peeling off the hulling machine of pumpkin shell.Compare with the hulling machine of prior art, the present invention has a very big advantage, because in the past, remove the shell not mechanization as yet of this class soft shell seed, known to the inventor, above-mentioned soft shell seed is generally eating of pumpkin especially, and the result must form higher consumption, press for an easy machine, just more effectively slough the shell of seed by mechanical means.
As mentioned above, though sell the hulling machine of many types on the market, be used for peeling off, denude, make with extra care different types of cereal and seed, such as wheat, rice and Chinese sorghum etc., at present also do not have a machine to be suitable for sloughing the shell of this class soft shell seed, thus hulling machine of the present invention not only reduced the cost of peeling off seed hulls and produce shell more light seed simultaneously in process the seed breakage littler.
Though above narrated certain specific embodiment of the present invention, be construed as and can carry out many modifications it, have more than and be confined to this embodiment, can must be limited within the claimed scope of claims.

Claims (5)

1, one is suitable for taking off the seed rubbing machine of soft shell seed hulls, the carrier pipe that one horizontal setting is arranged, link the blowing device of above-mentioned carrier pipe one end, link the seed input unit of the downstream position of above-mentioned carrier pipe one end, the one bump case and of linking the above-mentioned carrier pipe other end is positioned at the collecting box of bump case below, and above-mentioned bump case has a vertical above-mentioned carrier pipe and directly faces the bump wall of the above-mentioned carrier pipe other end.
2, seed rubbing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that above-mentioned blowing device has a fan by variable-speed motor drive.
3, seed rubbing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that there is the funnel of linking above-mentioned carrier pipe at the middle place of above-mentioned seed input unit between carrier pipe two ends, above-mentioned funnel is suitable for seed is discharged in the carrier pipe that becomes to intersect with its length direction, is taken away by the air that blowing device blew in order to make seed.
4, seed rubbing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that above-mentioned bump case is made up of tank wall a rectangular shape and above-mentioned bump wall, this tank wall faces on the wall of linking the carrier pipe other end, so that directly and vertically collide on this wall, seed unloads by drive its airflow flowing in above-mentioned carrier pipe simultaneously, and above-mentioned bump case has the bottom of an opening.
5, seed rubbing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that above-mentioned collecting box is an open-topped rectangular box, and is located immediately at the below of above-mentioned bump case open bottom, so that collect dehusked seeds that hulling machine produced and the mixture of taking off shell.
CN 92112448 1992-11-09 1992-11-09 Seed rubbing machine Pending CN1086690A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 92112448 CN1086690A (en) 1992-11-09 1992-11-09 Seed rubbing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 92112448 CN1086690A (en) 1992-11-09 1992-11-09 Seed rubbing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1086690A true CN1086690A (en) 1994-05-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 92112448 Pending CN1086690A (en) 1992-11-09 1992-11-09 Seed rubbing machine

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CN (1) CN1086690A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997018721A1 (en) * 1995-11-22 1997-05-29 Hunter Richard Hagon Apparatus for separating the outer layers or shells from the internal seed of plant matter
CN101187613B (en) * 2007-12-27 2010-06-09 江苏大学 Agricultural material impact test device and method
CN102742921A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-24 安徽新世界绿洲茶油有限公司 Tea seed hulling device
CN107981366A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-05-04 重庆田益种子有限公司 Seven lima bean hulling machines
CN108499633A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-07 李亚辉 Grain husking system and decortication process

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997018721A1 (en) * 1995-11-22 1997-05-29 Hunter Richard Hagon Apparatus for separating the outer layers or shells from the internal seed of plant matter
US6076454A (en) * 1995-11-22 2000-06-20 Hagon; Hunter Richard Apparatus for separating the outer layers or shells from the internal seed of plant matter
CN101187613B (en) * 2007-12-27 2010-06-09 江苏大学 Agricultural material impact test device and method
CN102742921A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-24 安徽新世界绿洲茶油有限公司 Tea seed hulling device
CN107981366A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-05-04 重庆田益种子有限公司 Seven lima bean hulling machines
CN108499633A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-07 李亚辉 Grain husking system and decortication process
CN108499633B (en) * 2018-04-11 2019-09-10 宁波梁桥米业有限公司 Grain husking system and decortication process

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C01 Deemed withdrawal of patent application (patent law 1993)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication