CN108655789B - A kind of fixed instrument of medical treatment bone fracture plate - Google Patents

A kind of fixed instrument of medical treatment bone fracture plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108655789B
CN108655789B CN201810503696.8A CN201810503696A CN108655789B CN 108655789 B CN108655789 B CN 108655789B CN 201810503696 A CN201810503696 A CN 201810503696A CN 108655789 B CN108655789 B CN 108655789B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
positioning
mobile
plate
frame
Prior art date
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201810503696.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108655789A (en
Inventor
孙旭
郑美珠
李永清
潘林妃
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Shandong Inst. of Tumor Prevention and Cure
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SHANDONG INST OF TUMOR PREVENTION AND CURE
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Priority to CN201810503696.8A priority Critical patent/CN108655789B/en
Publication of CN108655789A publication Critical patent/CN108655789A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108655789B publication Critical patent/CN108655789B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of medical fixed instruments of bone fracture plate, including bottom plate, fixing support rack is installed on bottom plate, fixed placement frame is installed on fixing support rack, fixed press slot is symmetrically arranged on fixed placement frame, it is symmetrical arranged on fixing support rack there are two shifting chute is fixed, mobile mechanism is installed, there are two pressing mechanisms for installation in mobile mechanism on fixing support rack.The present invention can solve that existing bone plate is existing in the process of production and processing to need that manually bone plate is fixed by existing fixture, it is manually unstable by existing fixture fixation bone fracture plate, manually fixture is adjusted for the bone plate needs of different size, manually bone plate can not accurately be fixed by fixture, bone plate is easy to shake in process, influences the accuracy of bone plate processing.

Description

A kind of fixed instrument of medical treatment bone fracture plate
Technical field
The present invention relates to Medical Devices to produce instrument field, specifically a kind of fixed instrument of medical bone fracture plate.
Background technique
Bone plate is medical orthopaedics plate bone fracture internal fixing device part with holes.Clinically often match with bone screws or synthetism silk It closes and uses, be divided into two class of plain bone plate and pressurized bone plate, can be made into bar shaped, Y shape, L shape, T shape etc. according to different purposes, it is existing There is bone plate to mostly use automatic laser cutting equipment to be processed greatly in process of production, but there are also numerous medical instruments Factory processes bone plate using traditional machine, and traditional approach is processed Y shape bone plate and needed manually by existing fixture Bone plate is fixed, it is manually unstable by existing fixture fixation bone fracture plate, people is needed for the bone plate of different size Fixture is adjusted in work, manually can not accurately be fixed to bone plate by fixture, bone plate holds in process It easily shakes, influences the accuracy of bone plate processing, it is complicated for operation, stability is poor, large labor intensity and working efficiency are low.
Summary of the invention
To solve the above-mentioned problems, it the present invention provides a kind of medical fixed instrument of bone fracture plate, can solve existing Bone plate is existing in the process of production and processing to need that manually bone plate is fixed by existing fixture, needs manual control Existing punch machines process bone plate, manually unstable by existing fixture fixation bone fracture plate, for different size Bone plate needs manually fixture is adjusted, manually bone plate can not accurately be fixed by fixture, bone plate It is easy to shake in process, influences the accuracy of bone plate processing, it is complicated for operation, stability is poor, large labor intensity and work Make the problems such as low efficiency, the fixed function of bone fracture plate intelligent machine may be implemented, can be carried out according to the specification of bone plate Automation is adjusted, and has many advantages, such as that easy to operate, stability is good, labor intensity is small and work efficiency is high.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention is realized using following technical scheme: it is a kind of medical treatment bone fracture plate fix Instrument, including bottom plate are equipped with fixing support rack on bottom plate, fixed placement frame, fixed placement frame are equipped on fixing support rack On be symmetrically arranged with fixed press slot, be symmetrical arranged on fixing support rack there are two fixed shifting chute, installed on fixing support rack There is mobile mechanism, there are two pressing mechanism, pressing mechanism and fixed shifting chutes to correspond for installation in mobile mechanism, and extruder Structure is located in fixed shifting chute, and fixed telescopic cylinder is equipped on the side wall of fixing support rack, and the top of fixed telescopic cylinder is logical It crosses flange to be mounted on fixing and mounting bracket, secured adjusted cylinder is installed on fixing and mounting bracket, the top of secured adjusted cylinder is logical It crosses flange to be mounted on secured adjusted frame, there are two positioning mechanisms, two positioning mechanisms to be symmetrically positioned in for setting on secured adjusted frame The left and right sides of secured adjusted frame is placed with bone plate ontology on fixed placement frame;On the rear end outer wall of the fixing and mounting bracket Fixed telescopic rod is installed, the top of fixed telescopic rod is equipped with fixed press block, and fixed press block is in convex structure, and position It is arranged with fixed buffer spring on fixation telescopic rod between fixing and mounting bracket and fixed press block, mobile mechanism is according to Y shape The practical specification of structure bone plate drives two pressing mechanisms to carry out mobile adjusting, and two pressing mechanisms are to being placed on fixed placement The front end of bone plate ontology is fixed in frame, and fixed telescopic cylinder drives fixing and mounting bracket to carry out stretching motion, to drive Fixed press block cooperates between fixed telescopic rod and fixed buffer spring to pushing against in the middle part of the rear end of bone plate ontology Movement plays the role of buffering to fixed press block, and secured adjusted cylinder drives secured adjusted frame to carry out height adjustment, and two Positioning mechanism, which is worked at the same time, can be fixed clamping to the rear end sides of bone plate ontology, so that it is guaranteed that bone plate ontology into Stability in row processing operation process, guarantees that bone plate ontology work in-process will not shake, so that it is guaranteed that bone plate processing Accuracy.
The mobile mechanism includes the mobile either-rotation motor being mounted on fixing support rack by motor cabinet, mobile two-way electricity By shaft coupling installation there are two mobile lead screw on the output shaft of machine, two mobile lead screws are symmetrically positioned in a left side for mobile either-rotation motor Right two sides, mobile lead screw are mounted on mobile vertical plate by bearing, and mobile vertical plate is mounted on fixing support rack, and two movements Screw thread on lead screw is to be reversed, and is equipped with mobile sliding block on mobile lead screw;The pressing mechanism includes being mounted on mobile cunning Mobile slide bar on block, mobile slide bar are located in fixed shifting chute, and the width of mobile slide bar is less than the width of fixed shifting chute, Extruding positioning plate is installed on mobile slide bar, squeezes and extruding fixed link is installed on the side wall of positioning plate, squeezes fixed link and is located at It in fixed press slot, squeezes and crushing block is installed in fixed link, the extruding between fixed placement frame and extruding positioning plate is solid It is arranged with extruding buffer spring in fixed pole, is provided with extruding positive stop strip on fixing support rack at equal intervals, squeezes and pacifies on positioning plate Equipped with lifting cylinder is squeezed, the top for squeezing lifting cylinder is mounted on by flange to be squeezed on position-limited rack, squeezes the interior of position-limited rack Extruding limited block is installed on wall, squeezes and extruding gag lever post is equipped with by bearing between the inner wall of position-limited rack, squeeze gag lever post It moves, two mobile lead screws are driven by mobile either-rotation motor work while being rotated, two with positive stop strip mutual cooperation is squeezed The screw thread being reversed on a mobile lead screw drives two mobile sliding blocks to be moved toward one another during rotation, mobile sliding block It drives mobile slide bar to be moved in fixed shifting chute in the process of movement, mobile sliding block is played in fixed shifting chute The effect of limit, mobile slide bar drive the crushing block squeezed in fixed link to push against bone plate ontology in the process of movement Fixed operation squeezes buffer spring and plays the role of auxiliary buffering, and extruding lifting cylinder drive squeezes gag lever post and gone up and down Movement makes to squeeze gag lever post and squeeze positive stop strip to cooperate, and squeezes limited block and plays the role of limit to gag lever post is squeezed, Ensure to squeeze gag lever post and fixed with the mutual cooperation of extruding positive stop strip to positioning plate progress position is squeezed, so that it is guaranteed that can be stable Operation is fixed to the front end of bone plate ontology, without human intervention, the labor intensity of staff is reduced, improves work The efficiency of work.
The positioning mechanism includes the position rotating column being mounted on secured adjusted frame by bearing, under position rotating column End is equipped with positioning driven gear, positions and is engaged with position rotating gear on driven gear, position rotating gear is mounted on positioning On the output shaft of rotating electric machine, position rotating motor is mounted on secured adjusted frame by motor cabinet, is installed on position rotating column There is a positioning supporting frame, the lower end of positioning supporting frame is equipped with positioning ring, is evenly arranged with positioning along its circumferential direction on positioning ring Slot is equipped with positioning vertical plate on secured adjusted frame, positions and be equipped with positioning cylinder on the side wall of vertical plate, and the top of positioning cylinder is logical It crosses flange to be mounted on locating piece, locating piece and locating slot cooperate and move, and the width of locating piece is less than the width of locating slot The upper end setting of degree, positioning supporting frame is symmetrically positioned in the two of positioning supporting frame there are two sliding eye, two positioning sliding eyes are positioned Side, positioning sliding eye is interior to be equipped with locating slide rod by sliding matching mode, and one end of locating slide rod is held by flange and positioning The top of promoting the circulation of qi cylinder is connected, and positioning execution cylinder is mounted on positioning and executes on frame, and positioning executes frame and is mounted on positioning supporting frame, The other end of locating slide rod is equipped with positioning and executes plate, is equipped with limit telescopic bar, limit telescopic on the side wall of positioning execution plate Bar is mounted on the inner wall of positioning supporting frame, position rotating motor work by position rotating gear drive positioning driven gear into Row rotation can be directed to the bone plate of different angle to drive the positioning supporting frame on position rotating column that movement is adjusted Operation is carried out, positioning cylinder drives locating piece to move in locating slot and fixes to positioning supporting frame progress position, and positioning executes gas Cylinder drives the positioning on locating slide rod to execute plate and carries out clamping position operation to bone plate, and limit telescopic bar executes plate to positioning and rises The effect for having arrived support and limit reduces the labor intensity people of staff, improves the effect of work without human intervention Rate.
When work, bone plate ontology is placed on fixed placement frame first, fixed telescopic cylinder drive fixing and mounting bracket into Row stretching motion fixes telescopic rod and fixation to drive fixed press block to pushing against in the middle part of the rear end of bone plate ontology The movement that cooperates between buffer spring plays the role of buffering to fixed press block, and mobile mechanism is according to Y-shaped structure synthetism The practical specification of plate drives two pressing mechanisms to carry out mobile adjusting, drives two mobile lead screws by mobile either-rotation motor work It is rotated simultaneously, the screw thread being reversed on two mobile lead screws drives two mobile sliding blocks to carry out phase during rotation To movement, mobile sliding block drives mobile slide bar to be moved in fixed shifting chute in the process of movement, in fixed shifting chute Play the role of limit to mobile sliding block, mobile slide bar drives the crushing block docking squeezed in fixed link in the process of movement Bone plate ontology carries out abutting fixed operation, squeezes buffer spring and plays the role of auxiliary buffering, squeezes lifting cylinder drive and squeezes Pressure gag lever post, which carries out elevating movement, to be made to squeeze gag lever post and squeeze positive stop strip to cooperate, and is squeezed limited block and is risen to gag lever post is squeezed Arriving the effect of limit, it is ensured that extruding gag lever post carries out position to extruding positioning plate with the mutual cooperation of extruding positive stop strip and fixes, from And guarantee the stable front end to bone plate ontology and operation is fixed, secured adjusted cylinder drives secured adjusted frame to carry out Height adjustment, the position rotating motor work on positioning mechanism is driven by position rotating gear to be positioned driven gear and is revolved Turn, to drive the positioning supporting frame on position rotating column that movement is adjusted, can be carried out for the bone plate of different angle Operation, positioning cylinder drive locating piece to move in locating slot and fix to positioning supporting frame progress position, position execution cylinder band Positioning on dynamic locating slide rod executes plate and carries out clamping position operation to bone plate, and limit telescopic bar executes plate to positioning and plays The effect of support and limit, two positioning mechanisms, which are worked at the same time, can be fixed clamping to the rear end sides of bone plate ontology, Realize the fixed function of bone fracture plate intelligent machine.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, the present invention can solve that existing bone plate is existing in the process of production and processing to be needed manually by existing fixture Bone plate is fixed, needs the existing punch machines of manual control to process bone plate, manually by existing fixture Fixation bone fracture plate is unstable, and manually fixture is adjusted for the bone plate needs of different size, manually can not by fixture Bone plate is accurately fixed, bone plate is easy to shake in process, influences the accuracy of bone plate processing, operation The complicated, problems such as stability is poor, large labor intensity and working efficiency are low, may be implemented the function of bone fracture plate intelligent machine fixation Can, automation adjusting can be carried out according to the specification of bone plate, and with easy to operate, stability is good, labor intensity is small and work Make the advantages that high-efficient;
2, the present invention devises mobile mechanism, pressing mechanism and positioning mechanism, between mobile mechanism and two pressing mechanisms Clamping can be fixed for the front end of bone plate ontology by cooperating, and two positioning mechanisms work at the same time can be to bone plate Clamping is fixed in the rear end sides of ontology, and automation can be carried out according to the specification of bone plate and adapts to adjust, so that it is guaranteed that connecing Bone plate ontology is carrying out the stability in processing operation process, guarantees that bone plate ontology work in-process will not shake, so that it is guaranteed that The accuracy of bone plate processing.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is first structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the second structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram between secured adjusted frame of the present invention and a positioning mechanism;
Fig. 4 is that the structure that the present invention squeezes between lifting cylinder, extruding position-limited rack, extruding limited block and extruding gag lever post is shown It is intended to.
Specific embodiment
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Conjunction is specifically illustrating, and the present invention is further explained.
As shown in fig. 1 to fig. 4, a kind of medical bone fracture plate fixes instrument, including bottom plate 1, is equipped with fixation on bottom plate 1 Support frame 21 is equipped with fixed placement frame 22 on fixing support rack 21, fixed press slot is symmetrically arranged on fixed placement frame 22, It is symmetrical arranged on fixing support rack 21 there are two shifting chute is fixed, mobile mechanism 23, moving machine is installed on fixing support rack 21 Pressing mechanism 24 there are two installations on structure 23, pressing mechanism 24 and fixed shifting chute correspond, and pressing mechanism 24 is located at admittedly Determine in shifting chute, fixed telescopic cylinder 25 is installed on the side wall of fixing support rack 21, the top of fixed telescopic cylinder 25 passes through Flange is mounted on fixing and mounting bracket 26, and secured adjusted cylinder 27 is equipped on fixing and mounting bracket 26, secured adjusted cylinder 27 Top is mounted on secured adjusted frame 28 by flange, and there are two positioning mechanism 29, two positioning for setting on secured adjusted frame 28 Mechanism 29 is symmetrically positioned in the left and right sides of secured adjusted frame 28, and bone plate ontology 210 is placed on fixed placement frame 22;It is described solid Dingan County shelves and is equipped with fixed telescopic rod 261 on 26 rear end outer wall, and the top of fixed telescopic rod 261 is equipped with fixed press block 262, fixed press block 262 is in convex structure, and the fixation being located between fixing and mounting bracket 26 and fixed press block 262 is flexible Fixed buffer spring 263 is arranged on bar 261, mobile mechanism 23 drives two to squeeze according to the practical specification of Y-shaped structure bone plate Press mechanism 24 carries out mobile adjusting, and two pressing mechanisms 24 are to the front end for being placed on bone plate ontology 210 in fixed placement frame 22 It is fixed, fixed telescopic cylinder 25 drives fixing and mounting bracket 26 to carry out stretching motion, so that fixed press block 262 be driven to dock It is pushed against in the middle part of the rear end of bone plate ontology 210, cooperates and move between fixed telescopic rod 261 and fixed buffer spring 263 Playing the role of buffering to fixed press block 262, secured adjusted cylinder 27 drives secured adjusted frame 28 to carry out height adjustment, and two A positioning mechanism 29, which is worked at the same time, can be fixed clamping to the rear end sides of bone plate ontology 210, so that it is guaranteed that bone plate Ontology 210 is carrying out the stability in processing operation process, guarantees that 210 work in-process of bone plate ontology will not shake, thus really Protect the accuracy of bone plate processing.
The mobile mechanism 23 includes the mobile either-rotation motor 231 being mounted on fixing support rack 21 by motor cabinet, is moved By shaft coupling installation, there are two mobile lead screw 232, two symmetrical positions of mobile lead screw 232 on the output shaft of dynamic either-rotation motor 231 In the left and right sides of mobile either-rotation motor 231, mobile lead screw 232 is mounted on mobile vertical plate 233 by bearing, mobile vertical plate 233 are mounted on fixing support rack 21, and the screw thread on two mobile lead screws 232 is to be reversed, and install on mobile lead screw 232 There is mobile sliding block 234;The pressing mechanism 24 includes the mobile slide bar 241 being mounted on mobile sliding block 234, mobile slide bar 241 In fixed shifting chute, and the width of mobile slide bar 241 is less than the width of fixed shifting chute, is equipped on mobile slide bar 241 Positioning plate 242 is squeezed, squeezes and extruding fixed link 243 is installed on the side wall of positioning plate 242, extruding fixed link 243, which is located at, fixes It squeezes in slot, squeezes and crushing block 244 is installed in fixed link 243, positioned at fixed placement frame 22 and squeeze between positioning plate 242 It squeezes to be arranged in fixed link 243 and squeezes buffer spring 245, be provided with extruding positive stop strip at equal intervals on fixing support rack 21 2410, it squeezes and extruding lifting cylinder 246 is installed on positioning plate 242, the top for squeezing lifting cylinder 246 is mounted on by flange It squeezes on position-limited rack 247, squeezes and extruding limited block 248 is installed on the inner wall of position-limited rack 247, squeeze the inner wall of position-limited rack 247 Between by bearing be equipped with squeeze gag lever post 249, squeeze gag lever post 249 and squeeze positive stop strip 2410 cooperate move, lead to It crosses and moves the work of either-rotation motor 231 two mobile lead screws 232 of drive while being rotated, set on the contrary on two mobile lead screws 232 The screw thread set drives two mobile sliding blocks 234 to be moved toward one another during rotation, process of the mobile sliding block 234 in movement The mobile slide bar 241 of middle drive is moved in fixed shifting chute, plays limit to mobile sliding block 234 in fixed shifting chute Effect, mobile slide bar 241 drives in the process of movement the crushing block 244 in extruding fixed link 243 to bone plate ontology 210 into Row pushes against fixed operation, and extruding buffer spring 245 plays the role of auxiliary buffering, squeezes lifting cylinder 246 and drives extruding limit Position bar 249, which carries out elevating movement, makes extruding gag lever post 249 and extruding positive stop strip 2410 cooperate, and squeezes limited block 248 to crowded Pressure gag lever post 249 plays the role of limit, it is ensured that squeezes gag lever post 249 and the mutual cooperation of extruding positive stop strip 2410 is fixed to squeezing Position plate 242 carry out position fix, so that it is guaranteed that can the stable front end to bone plate ontology 210 operation is fixed, be not necessarily to Manual operation reduces the labor intensity of staff, improves the efficiency of work.
The positioning mechanism 29 includes the position rotating column 291 being mounted on secured adjusted frame 28 by bearing, positioning rotation The lower end of rotary column 291 is equipped with positioning driven gear 292, positions and is engaged with position rotating gear 293 on driven gear 292, fixed Position rotation gear 293 is mounted on the output shaft of position rotating motor 294, and position rotating motor 294 is mounted on by motor cabinet On secured adjusted frame 28, positioning supporting frame 295 is installed on position rotating column 291, the lower end of positioning supporting frame 295 is equipped with fixed Position ring 296, is evenly arranged with locating slot along its circumferential direction on positioning ring 296, positioning vertical plate is equipped on secured adjusted frame 28 297, it positions and positioning cylinder 298 is installed on the side wall of vertical plate 297, the top of positioning cylinder 298 is mounted on positioning by flange On block 299, locating piece 299 and locating slot cooperate and move, and the width of locating piece 299 is less than the width of locating slot, positioning The upper end setting of support frame 295 is symmetrically positioned in the two of positioning supporting frame 295 there are two sliding eye, two positioning sliding eyes are positioned Side, positioning sliding eye is interior to be equipped with locating slide rod 2910 by sliding matching mode, and one end of locating slide rod 2910 passes through flange It is connected with the top of positioning execution cylinder 2911, positioning execution cylinder 2911 is mounted on positioning and executes on frame 2912, and positioning executes Frame 2912 is mounted on positioning supporting frame 295, and the other end of locating slide rod 2910 is equipped with positioning and executes plate 2913, and positioning executes Limit telescopic bar 2914 is installed on the side wall of plate 2913, limit telescopic bar 2914 is mounted on the inner wall of positioning supporting frame 295, The work of position rotating motor 294 drives positioning driven gear 292 to be rotated by position rotating gear 293, so that drive is fixed Movement is adjusted in positioning supporting frame 295 on the column spinner 291 of position, can carry out operation for the bone plate of different angle, fixed Position cylinder 298 drives locating piece 299 to move in locating slot and fixes to the progress of positioning supporting frame 295 position, positions execution cylinder 2911, which drive the positioning on locating slide rod 2910 to execute plate 2913, carries out clamping position operation, limit telescopic bar 2914 to bone plate Plate 2913 is executed to positioning and plays the role of support and limit, without human intervention, reduces the labor intensity of staff People improves the efficiency of work.
When work, bone plate ontology 210 is placed on fixed placement frame 22 first, and fixed telescopic cylinder 25 drives fixed peace 26 carry out stretching motions are shelved, so that fixed press block 262 is driven to push against the rear end middle part of bone plate ontology 210, Gu Determine to cooperate between telescopic rod 261 and fixed buffer spring 263 to move and play the role of buffering to fixed press block 262, Mobile mechanism 23 drives two pressing mechanisms 24 to carry out mobile adjusting according to the practical specification of Y-shaped structure bone plate, passes through movement The work of either-rotation motor 231 drives two mobile lead screws 232 to be rotated simultaneously, the spiral shell being reversed on two mobile lead screws 232 Line drives two mobile sliding blocks 234 to be moved toward one another during rotation, and mobile sliding block 234 drives in the process of movement Mobile slide bar 241 is moved in fixed shifting chute, plays the role of limit to mobile sliding block 234 in fixed shifting chute, Mobile slide bar 241 drives the crushing block 244 squeezed in fixed link 243 to support bone plate ontology 210 in the process of movement Operation is fastened, buffer spring 245 is squeezed and plays the role of auxiliary buffering, the drive of lifting cylinder 246 is squeezed and squeezes gag lever post 249 progress elevating movements make to squeeze gag lever post 249 and squeeze positive stop strip 2410 to cooperate, and squeeze 248 pairs of extruding limits of limited block Position bar 249 play the role of limit, it is ensured that squeeze gag lever post 249 and squeeze positive stop strip 2410 cooperate to squeeze positioning plate 242 progress positions fixes, so that it is guaranteed that can the stable front end to bone plate ontology 210 operation, secured adjusted is fixed Cylinder 27 drives secured adjusted frame 28 to carry out height adjustment, and the work of position rotating motor 294 on positioning mechanism 29 passes through positioning Rotation gear 293 drives positioning driven gear 292 to be rotated, to drive the positioning supporting frame 295 on position rotating column 291 Movement is adjusted, operation can be carried out for the bone plate of different angle, positioning cylinder 298 drives locating piece 299 to move to It carries out position to positioning supporting frame 295 in locating slot to fix, positioning execution cylinder 2911 drives the positioning on locating slide rod 2910 Execute plate 2913 and clamping position operation carried out to bone plate, the 2914 pairs of positioning of limit telescopic bar execute plates 2913 play support and The effect of limit, two positioning mechanisms 29, which work at the same time, the rear end sides of bone plate ontology 210 can be fixed clamping, real The fixed function of bone fracture plate intelligent machine is showed, has solved that existing bone plate is existing in the process of production and processing to need people Work is fixed bone plate by existing fixture, manually unstable by existing fixture fixation bone fracture plate, for different size Bone plate needs manually fixture is adjusted, manually bone plate can not accurately be fixed by fixture, bone plate It is easy to shake in process, influences the accuracy of bone plate processing, it is complicated for operation, stability is poor, large labor intensity and work Make the problems such as low efficiency, reaches purpose.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and only illustrating for the description in above embodiments and description is of the invention Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these change and change Into all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent It defines.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of fixed instrument of medical treatment bone fracture plate, including bottom plate (1), it is characterised in that: be equipped with fixed branch on bottom plate (1) Support (21) is equipped with fixed placement frame (22) on fixing support rack (21), and fixed placement frame is symmetrically arranged with fixation on (22) Slot is squeezed, is symmetrical arranged on fixing support rack (21) there are two fixed shifting chute, fixing support rack is equipped with moving machine on (21) Structure (23), there are two pressing mechanism (24), pressing mechanism (24) and fixed shifting chutes to correspond for installation in mobile mechanism (23), And pressing mechanism (24) is located in fixed shifting chute, and fixed telescopic cylinder (25) are equipped on the side wall of fixing support rack (21), The top of fixed telescopic cylinder (25) is mounted on fixing and mounting bracket (26) by flange, is equipped on fixing and mounting bracket (26) solid The top of displacements of cylinders of setting the tone (27), secured adjusted cylinder (27) is mounted on secured adjusted frame (28) by flange, secured adjusted There are two positioning mechanism (29), two positioning mechanisms (29) to be symmetrically positioned in the left and right two of secured adjusted frame (28) for setting on frame (28) Side is placed with bone plate ontology (210) on fixed placement frame (22).
2. a kind of medical fixed instrument of bone fracture plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the mobile mechanism It (23) include the mobile either-rotation motor (231) being mounted on by motor cabinet on fixing support rack (21), mobile either-rotation motor (231) Output shaft on by shaft coupling installation there are two mobile lead screw (232), two mobile lead screws (232) be symmetrically positioned in move it is two-way The left and right sides of motor (231), mobile lead screw (232) are mounted on mobile vertical plate (233) by bearing, mobile vertical plate (233) It is mounted on fixing support rack (21), and the screw thread on two mobile lead screws (232) is to be reversed, on mobile lead screw (232) Mobile sliding block (234) are installed.
3. a kind of medical fixed instrument of bone fracture plate according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the pressing mechanism It (24) include the mobile slide bar (241) being mounted on mobile sliding block (234), mobile slide bar (241) are located in fixed shifting chute, and The width of mobile slide bar (241) is less than the width of fixed shifting chute, is equipped on mobile slide bar (241) and squeezes positioning plate (242), It squeezes to be equipped on the side wall of positioning plate (242) and squeezes fixed link (243), squeeze fixed link (243) and be located in fixed press slot, It squeezes and crushing block (244) is installed on fixed link (243), be located at fixed placement frame (22) and squeeze between positioning plate (242) It squeezes to be arranged on fixed link (243) and squeezes buffer spring (245), be provided with extruding limit on fixing support rack (21) at equal intervals Position item (2410) squeezes and is equipped with extruding lifting cylinder (246) on positioning plate (242), and the top for squeezing lifting cylinder (246) is logical It crosses flange to be mounted in extruding position-limited rack (247), squeezes and extruding limited block (248) is installed on the inner wall of position-limited rack (247), squeeze It presses to be equipped between the inner wall of position-limited rack (247) by bearing and squeezes gag lever post (249), squeeze gag lever post (249) and extruding limits Position item (2410), which cooperates, to be moved.
4. a kind of medical fixed instrument of bone fracture plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the positioning mechanism It (29) include the position rotating column (291) being mounted on by bearing on secured adjusted frame (28), the lower end of position rotating column (291) Positioning driven gear (292) is installed, is engaged with position rotating gear (293), position rotating tooth in positioning driven gear (292) Wheel (293) is mounted on the output shaft of position rotating motor (294), and position rotating motor (294) is mounted on solid by motor cabinet Determine on adjusting bracket (28), is equipped on position rotating column (291) positioning supporting frame (295), the lower end peace of positioning supporting frame (295) Equipped with positioning ring (296), it is evenly arranged with locating slot along its circumferential direction on positioning ring (296), secured adjusted frame is pacified on (28) Equipped with positioning vertical plate (297), positions and be equipped with positioning cylinder (298) on the side wall of vertical plate (297), the top of positioning cylinder (298) End is mounted on locating piece (299) by flange, and locating piece (299) and locating slot cooperate and move, and locating piece (299) Width is less than the width of locating slot, and there are two position sliding eye, two positioning sliding eyes for the upper end setting of positioning supporting frame (295) The two sides of positioning supporting frame (295) are symmetrically positioned in, positioning sliding eye is interior to be equipped with locating slide rod by sliding matching mode (2910), one end of locating slide rod (2910) is connected by flange with the top for positioning execution cylinder (2911), and positioning executes gas Cylinder (2911) is mounted on positioning and executes on frame (2912), and positioning executes frame (2912) and is mounted on positioning supporting frame (295), positions The other end of slide bar (2910) is equipped with positioning and executes plate (2913), is equipped with limit on the side wall of positioning execution plate (2913) and stretches Contracting bar (2914), limit telescopic bar (2914) are mounted on the inner wall of positioning supporting frame (295).
5. a kind of medical fixed instrument of bone fracture plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the fixing and mounting bracket (26) it is equipped on rear end outer wall fixed telescopic rod (261), the top of fixed telescopic rod (261) is equipped with fixed press block (262), fixed press block (262) are in convex structure, and are located between fixing and mounting bracket (26) and fixed press block (262) Fixed buffer spring (263) are arranged on fixed telescopic rod (261).
CN201810503696.8A 2018-05-23 2018-05-23 A kind of fixed instrument of medical treatment bone fracture plate Expired - Fee Related CN108655789B (en)

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