CN108655003B - Light material separator for construction waste treatment - Google Patents

Light material separator for construction waste treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108655003B
CN108655003B CN201810412709.0A CN201810412709A CN108655003B CN 108655003 B CN108655003 B CN 108655003B CN 201810412709 A CN201810412709 A CN 201810412709A CN 108655003 B CN108655003 B CN 108655003B
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differential
wheel
shaft
light
separating
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CN108655003A (en
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池爱方
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池爱方
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B7/00Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents
    • B07B7/01Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents using gravity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/02Arrangement of air or material conditioning accessories

Abstract

The invention relates to a separating device, in particular to a light material separating device for treating construction waste, which comprises a whole machine support, a power mechanism, a differential mechanism, a separating mechanism, an active conveying mechanism and a passive conveying mechanism, wherein the differential mechanism is rotationally connected to the whole machine support, the differential mechanism is rotationally connected with the power mechanism through belt transmission, the separating mechanism is rotationally connected to the whole machine support, the separating mechanism is rotationally connected with the differential mechanism through belt transmission, the active conveying mechanism is rotationally connected to the whole machine support, the active conveying mechanism is rotationally connected with the differential mechanism through belt transmission, the passive conveying mechanism is rotationally connected to the whole machine support, and the passive conveying mechanism is in transmission connection with the active conveying mechanism through a conveying belt; the separation speed can be automatically adjusted according to the amount of the construction waste fed into the garbage separator, when the construction waste is too much, the separation speed is slowed down to ensure that light substances in the construction waste are completely removed, and when the construction waste is too little, the separation speed is accelerated to ensure the working efficiency.

Description

Light material separator for construction waste treatment
Technical Field
the invention relates to a separating device, in particular to a light substance separating device for building garbage treatment.
Background
for example, patent No. cn201520939342.x discloses a light material separating device and a light material separating device, which include a support frame, a discharging device and a light material storing device respectively fixed on the support frame, a desliming vibrating screen is also fixed on the discharging device, an air suction pipeline is fixed on one side of the desliming vibrating screen, one end of the air suction pipeline is arranged in the light material storing device, a storing tank is fixed in the light material storing device, an exhaust fan is arranged in the storing tank, a discharging port is arranged at the bottom of the storing tank, a light material separator is arranged right below the discharging port, a discharging port is arranged on the discharging device, and a belt conveyor is arranged right below the discharging port; the utility model has the disadvantage that the separation speed of the separation device can not be automatically adjusted according to the feeding amount.
disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a light material separating device for treating construction waste, which can automatically adjust the separating speed according to the quantity of the construction waste fed in, reduce the separating speed to ensure that light materials in the construction waste are completely removed when the construction waste is too much, and accelerate the separating speed to ensure the working efficiency when the construction waste is too little.
the purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a light material separating device for building garbage disposal comprises a complete machine support, a power mechanism, a differential mechanism, a separating mechanism, an active conveying mechanism and a passive conveying mechanism, wherein the power mechanism is fixedly connected to the complete machine support, the differential mechanism is rotatably connected to the complete machine support, the differential mechanism is connected with the power mechanism through belt transmission, the separating mechanism is rotatably connected to the complete machine support, the separating mechanism is connected with the differential mechanism through belt transmission, the active conveying mechanism is rotatably connected to the complete machine support, the active conveying mechanism is connected with the differential mechanism through belt transmission, the passive conveying mechanism is rotatably connected to the complete machine support, and the passive conveying mechanism is connected with the active conveying mechanism through conveying belt transmission.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the light material separating device for the construction waste treatment comprises a whole machine support, two side plates, a feeding frame, a waste material outlet and a light material outlet, wherein the two side plates are respectively provided with a plurality of circular through holes I, the two side plates are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the separating support, the feeding frame is fixedly connected to the upper end of the separating support, and the waste material outlet and the light material outlet are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the lower end of the separating support.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the invention relates to a light material separating device for treating construction waste, which comprises a differential mechanism, a differential shaft I, a differential belt wheel II, a differential belt wheel I, a differential large belt wheel, a differential belt wheel II, a differential belt wheel III, a differential small shaft, a differential bevel gear I, a differential bevel gear II and a differential bevel gear III, wherein the differential belt wheel I comprises a differential belt wheel shell and a differential belt wheel body, the differential belt wheel body is fixedly connected to the left end of the differential belt wheel shell, the differential bevel gear II and the differential belt wheel III are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the differential shaft I, the differential belt wheel II and the differential bevel gear I are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the differential shaft II, the differential large belt wheel is fixedly connected to the differential shaft II, the differential belt wheel body is rotatably connected to the differential shaft II, the differential small shaft is fixedly connected to the differential belt wheel shell, the, differential bevel gear III meshes with differential bevel gear I and differential bevel gear II respectively, and I rotation of differential axle is connected on the curb plate on right side, and II rotations of differential axle are connected on the curb plate on left side, and differential driving pulley body and power unit pass through the belt transmission and connect.
as a further optimization of the technical scheme, the light material separating device for the construction waste treatment comprises a separating shaft I, a separating shaft II, a separating belt wheel I, a separating belt wheel II, a fan, a baffle plate I, a material wheel, a light material wheel and a baffle plate II, wherein the material wheel comprises a material wheel body, a material baffle plate and six rotary separating plates, the material baffle plate is provided with a plurality of circular through holes II, the material baffle plate is welded at the left end of the material wheel body, the six rotary separating plates are uniformly welded at the outer ring of the material wheel body, the light material wheel comprises a light material wheel body and six light material baffle plates, the six light material baffle plates are uniformly welded at the outer ring of the light material wheel body, the separating belt wheel II and the fan are respectively and fixedly connected at the left end and the right end of the separating shaft II, the right end of the separating shaft II is rotatably connected at the left end of the separating shaft I, the separating belt wheel I and the material wheel body are, the material wheel body sets up the lower extreme at income work or material rest, light material wheel body fixed connection is on separating axle I, separating axle II rotates to be connected on left curb plate, separating axle I rotates to be connected on the curb plate on right side, the upper end of baffle I rotates to be connected on separating axle II, the lower extreme fixed connection of baffle I is on the separation support, baffle I is located the right side of fan, the upper end of baffle II rotates to be connected on separating axle I, the lower extreme fixed connection of baffle II is on the separation support, baffle II is located between material wheel body and the light material wheel body, separating wheel II and the big band pulley of differential pass through belt drive and connect, the diameter of the big band pulley of differential is greater than the diameter of separating wheel II, separating wheel I and differential band pulley III are connected.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the light material separation device for building garbage treatment comprises a driving transportation shaft, a driving transportation waste material wheel, a driving transportation light material wheel and a driving transportation belt wheel, wherein the driving transportation belt wheel and the driving transportation light material wheel are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the driving transportation shaft, the driving transportation waste material wheel is fixedly connected to the driving transportation shaft, the driving transportation waste material wheel is located between the driving transportation light material wheel and the driving transportation belt wheel, the left end and the right end of the driving transportation shaft are respectively and rotatably connected to side plates on two sides, the driving transportation waste material wheel is arranged at the lower end of a waste material outlet, the driving transportation light material wheel is arranged at the lower end of the light material outlet, and a differential belt wheel ii is connected with the driving transportation belt wheel through belt transmission.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the light material separating device for building waste treatment comprises a passive transport mechanism, a passive transport waste wheel and a passive transport light material wheel, wherein the passive transport waste wheel and the passive transport light material wheel are respectively and fixedly connected to the passive transport shaft, the passive transport shaft is rotatably connected to side plates on two sides, the passive transport waste wheel and the active transport waste wheel are in transmission connection through a transmission belt I, and the passive transport light material wheel and the active transport light material wheel are in transmission connection through a transmission belt II.
The light material separating device for building garbage treatment has the beneficial effects that:
The invention relates to a light material separating device for building waste treatment, which separates light materials in building waste by utilizing wind power, can automatically adjust the rotating speed of a fan and a material wheel according to the feeding amount, when building materials to be separated on the material wheel are too much, the fan can automatically increase the rotating speed, the material wheel can automatically reduce the rotating speed to ensure that the light materials in the materials are fully separated, when the building materials to be separated on the material wheel are too little, the fan can automatically reduce the rotating speed, and the material wheel can automatically increase the rotating speed to ensure the working efficiency; the material and the light material that are separated out fall on drive belt I and drive belt II respectively, and when the pay-off was many, the building waste material and the light material that fall on drive belt I and drive belt II can increase, and the transfer rate of drive belt I and drive belt II can increase automatically, and when the pay-off was few, the building waste material and the light material that fall on drive belt I and drive belt II can reduce, and the transfer rate of drive belt I and drive belt II can slow down automatically.
Drawings
the invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a light material separation apparatus for treating construction waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the transmission structure of the light material separator for construction waste disposal according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the overall bracket structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the differential mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional structural schematic view of the differential mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a differential pulley I of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the release mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the detachment mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of a baffle plate I of the invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a material wheel configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the light material wheel configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of a baffle II of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the active transport mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the passive transport mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 15 is a schematic view of a rotary connection structure of a separation shaft i and a separation shaft ii of the present invention.
in the figure: a complete machine bracket 1; separating the bracket 1-1; side plates 1-2; feeding 1-3; a waste outlet 1-4; a light material outlet 1-5; a power mechanism 2; a differential mechanism 3; the differential shaft I3-1; a differential shaft II 3-2; the differential belt wheel I3-3; differential pulley shell 3-3-1; a differential pulley body 3-3-2; 3-4 parts of a differential large belt wheel; 3-5 parts of a differential belt wheel; 3-6 parts of a differential belt wheel; 3-7 parts of a differential small shaft; 3-8 parts of differential bevel gear; 3-9 parts of differential bevel gear; 3-10 parts of differential bevel gear; a separation mechanism 4; a separation shaft I4-1; a separation shaft II 4-2; a separating belt wheel I4-3; separating the belt wheel II 4-4; 4-5 of a fan; 4-6 parts of a baffle plate; 4-7 of a material wheel; 4-7-1 parts of a material wheel body; 4-7-2 parts of a material baffle plate; rotating the separation plate 4-7-3; 4-8 parts of light material wheel; 4-8-1 of a light substance wheel body; a light material baffle 4-8-2; 4-9 of a baffle plate; an active transport mechanism 5; an active transport shaft 5-1; an active transport waste wheel 5-2; 5-3 of a light material driving wheel; 5-4 parts of a driving conveying belt wheel; a passive transport mechanism 6; a passive transport shaft 6-1; a passive transport waste wheel 6-2; and the light material passive transportation wheel 6-3.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The first embodiment is as follows:
The embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 15, and a light material separating device for building waste treatment comprises a complete machine support 1, a power mechanism 2, a differential mechanism 3, a separating mechanism 4, a driving transport mechanism 5 and a driven transport mechanism 6, wherein the power mechanism 2 is provided with a motor and a power belt wheel, the power belt wheel is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the motor, the power mechanism 2 is fixedly connected to the complete machine support 1, the differential mechanism 3 is rotatably connected to the complete machine support 1, the differential mechanism 3 and the power mechanism 2 are connected by belt transmission, the separating mechanism 4 is rotatably connected to the complete machine support 1, the separating mechanism 4 and the differential mechanism 3 are connected by belt transmission, the driving transport mechanism 5 is rotatably connected to the complete machine support 1, the driving transport mechanism 5 and the differential mechanism 3 are connected by belt transmission, the driven transport mechanism 6 is rotatably connected to the complete machine support 1, the passive conveying mechanism 6 is in transmission connection with the active conveying mechanism 5 through a conveying belt; the light substances in the building waste are separated by utilizing wind power, the rotating speeds of the fans 4-5 and the material wheels 4-7 can be automatically adjusted according to the feeding amount, when the building materials to be separated on the material wheels are too much, the rotating speeds of the fans 4-5 and the material wheels 4-7 are automatically reduced, the light substances in the materials are fully separated, when the building materials to be separated on the material wheels 4-7 are too little, the rotating speeds of the fans 4-5 and the material wheels 4-7 are automatically increased, and the working efficiency is ensured; the material and the light material that are separated out fall on drive belt I and drive belt II respectively, and when the pay-off was many, the building waste material and the light material that fall on drive belt I and drive belt II can increase, and the transfer rate of drive belt I and drive belt II can increase automatically, and when the pay-off was few, the building waste material and the light material that fall on drive belt I and drive belt II can reduce, and the transfer rate of drive belt I and drive belt II can slow down automatically.
the second embodiment is as follows:
The embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 15, and the embodiment further describes the first embodiment, where the complete machine support 1 includes a separation support 1-1, two side plates 1-2, a material inlet frame 1-3, a waste material outlet 1-4, and a light material outlet 1-5, the two side plates 1-2 are provided with a plurality of circular through holes i, the two side plates 1-2 are respectively and fixedly connected to the left and right ends of the separation support 1-1, the material inlet frame 1-3 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the separation support 1-1, and the waste material outlet 1-4 and the light material outlet 1-5 are respectively arranged on the left and right sides of the lower end of the separation support 1-1; the two side plates 1-2 are provided with a plurality of circular through holes I, so that wind power generated by the fans 4-5 in rotation can not form air convection in the separation bracket 1-1 to blow light materials disorderly.
The third concrete implementation mode:
The present embodiment will be described with reference to fig. 1-15, and the present embodiment will further describe the second embodiment, in which the differential mechanism 3 includes a differential shaft i 3-1, a differential shaft ii 3-2, a differential pulley i 3-3, a differential large pulley 3-4, a differential pulley ii 3-5, a differential pulley iii 3-6, a differential small shaft 3-7, a differential bevel gear i 3-8, a differential bevel gear ii 3-9 and a differential bevel gear iii 3-10, the differential pulley i 3-3 includes a differential pulley shell 3-3-1 and a differential pulley body 3-3-2, the differential pulley body 3-3-2 is fixedly connected to the left end of the differential pulley shell 3-3-1, the differential bevel gear ii 3-9 and the differential pulley iii 3-6 are respectively fixedly connected to the left and right ends of the differential shaft i 3-1, the differential belt wheel II 3-5 and the differential bevel gear I3-8 are respectively fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of a differential shaft II 3-2, a differential large belt wheel 3-4 is fixedly connected to the differential shaft II 3-2, a differential belt wheel body 3-3-2 is rotatably connected to the differential shaft II 3-2, a differential small shaft 3-7 is fixedly connected to a differential belt wheel shell 3-3-1, a differential bevel gear III 3-10 is rotatably connected to the differential small shaft 3-7, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 is respectively meshed with the differential bevel gear I3-8 and the differential bevel gear II 3-9, the differential shaft I3-1 is rotatably connected to a side plate 1-2 on the right side, the differential shaft II 3-2 is rotatably connected to a side plate 1-2 on the left side, and the differential belt wheel body 3-3-2 and the power mechanism 2 are in transmission connection through belts; when the power mechanism 2 provides power for the differential belt pulley body 3-3-2, the differential belt pulley body 3-3-2 drives the differential small shaft 3-7 to rotate by taking the differential shaft I3-1 as an axis, the differential small shaft 3-7 drives the differential bevel gear III 3-10 to rotate by taking the differential shaft I3-1 as an axis, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 drives the differential bevel gear I3-8 and the differential bevel gear II 3-9 to rotate, the differential bevel gear I3-8 and the differential bevel gear II 3-9 drive the differential shaft I3-1 and the differential shaft II 3-2 to rotate, when the differential shaft I3-1 and the differential shaft II 3-2 rotate clockwise and the circumferential resistance on the differential shaft I3-1 and the differential shaft II 3-2 is the same, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 can not rotate, when the resistance of the differential shaft I3-1 is greater than that of the differential shaft II 3-2, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 can rotate clockwise, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 pushes the differential bevel gear I3-8 to rotate, the rotating speed of the differential bevel gear I3-8 is greater than that of the differential bevel gear II 3-9, when the resistance of the differential shaft I3-1 is less than that of the differential shaft II 3-2, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 can rotate anticlockwise, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 pushes the differential bevel gear II 3-9 to rotate, and the rotating speed of the differential bevel gear I3-8 is less than that of the differential bevel gear II 3-9.
the fourth concrete implementation mode:
The third embodiment is further described with reference to fig. 1-15, in which the separating mechanism 4 includes a separating shaft i 4-1, a separating shaft ii 4-2, a separating pulley i 4-3, a separating pulley ii 4-4, a fan 4-5, a baffle i 4-6, a material wheel 4-7, a light material wheel 4-8 and a baffle ii 4-9, the material wheel 4-7 includes a material wheel body 4-7-1, a material baffle 4-7-2 and six rotating separating plates 4-7-3, the material baffle 4-7-2 is provided with a plurality of circular through holes ii, the material baffle 4-7-2 is welded at the left end of the material wheel body 4-7-1, the six rotating separating plates 4-7-3 are uniformly welded at the outer ring of the material wheel body 4-7-1, the light material wheel 4-8 comprises a light material wheel body 4-8-1 and six light material baffles 4-8-2, the six light material baffles 4-8-2 are uniformly welded on the outer ring of the light material wheel body 4-8-1, the separating belt wheel II 4-4 and the fan 4-5 are respectively and fixedly connected with the left end and the right end of the separating shaft II 4-2, the right end of the separating shaft II 4-2 is rotatably connected with the left end of the separating shaft I4-1, the separating belt wheel I4-3 and the material wheel body 4-7-1 are respectively and fixedly connected with the right end and the left end of the separating shaft I4-1, the material wheel body 4-7-1 is arranged at the lower end of the material inlet 1-3, the light material wheel body 4-8-1 is fixedly connected on the material rack I4-1, the separating shaft II 4-2 is rotatably connected to the side plate 1-2 on the left side, the separating shaft I4-1 is rotatably connected to the side plate 1-2 on the right side, the upper end of the baffle I4-6 is rotatably connected to the separating shaft II 4-2, the lower end of the baffle I4-6 is fixedly connected to the separating bracket 1-1, the baffle I4-6 is positioned on the right side of the fan 4-5, the upper end of the baffle II 4-9 is rotatably connected to the separating shaft I4-1, the lower end of the baffle II 4-9 is fixedly connected to the separating bracket 1-1, the baffle II 4-9 is positioned between the material wheel body 4-7-1 and the light material wheel body 4-8-1, the separating wheel II 4-4 and the differential large wheel 3-4 are connected through belt transmission, the diameter of the differential large wheel 3-4 is larger than that of the separating wheel II 4, the separation belt wheel I4-3 is in transmission connection with the differential belt wheel III 3-6 through a belt; when the circumferential resistance borne by the separating shaft I4-1 and the separating shaft II 4-2 is the same, the rotating speed of the diameter of the separating belt wheel II 4-4 is larger than the rotating speed of the separating belt wheel I4-3, the rotating resistance of the fan 4-5 is far smaller than the rotating resistance on the material wheel 4-7, the rotating speed of the fan 4-5 is far larger than the rotating speed of the material wheel 4-7, when the material on the material wheel 4-7 is increased, the circumferential resistance of the fan 4-5 is unchanged, the rotating speed of the fan 4-5 is increased, and the rotating speed of the material wheel 4-7 is reduced.
The fifth concrete implementation mode:
the fourth embodiment will be described with reference to fig. 1-15, wherein the driving transport mechanism 5 includes a driving transport shaft 5-1, a driving transport waste wheel 5-2, a driving light material transport wheel 5-3 and a driving transport pulley 5-4, the driving transport pulley 5-4 and the driving light material transport wheel 5-3 are respectively and fixedly connected to the left and right ends of the driving transport shaft 5-1, the driving transport waste wheel 5-2 is fixedly connected to the driving transport shaft 5-1, the driving transport waste wheel 5-2 is located between the driving light material transport wheel 5-3 and the driving transport pulley 5-4, the left and right ends of the driving transport shaft 5-1 are respectively and rotatably connected to the side plates 1-2 on both sides, the driving transport waste wheel 5-2 is disposed at the lower end of the waste outlet 1-4, the driving light material conveying wheel 5-3 is arranged at the lower end of the light material outlet 1-5, and the differential belt wheel II 3-5 is in transmission connection with the driving conveying belt wheel 5-4 through a belt; when the material consumption of an entering building is increased, the rotating speed of the material wheel 4-7 is reduced, the rotating speed of the fan 4-5 is increased, the rotating speed of the differential shaft I3-1 is reduced, the rotating speed of the differential shaft II 3-2 is increased, the differential shaft II 3-2 drives the differential belt wheel II 3-5 to rotate, the differential belt wheel II 3-5 drives the driving conveying belt wheel 5-4 to rotate, and the driving conveying belt wheel 5-4 rotates.
The sixth specific implementation mode:
The present embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 15, and the fifth embodiment is further described in the present embodiment, where the passive transport mechanism 6 includes a passive transport shaft 6-1, a passive transport waste wheel 6-2 and a passive transport light material wheel 6-3, the passive transport waste wheel 6-2 and the passive transport light material wheel 6-3 are respectively and fixedly connected to the passive transport shaft 6-1, the passive transport shaft 6-1 is rotatably connected to the side plates 1-2 on both sides, the passive transport waste wheel 6-2 and the active transport waste wheel 5-2 are in transmission connection through a transmission belt i, and the passive transport light material wheel 6-3 and the active transport light material wheel 5-3 are in transmission connection through a transmission belt ii; the light material conveying wheel 5-3 rotates to connect the conveying belt I and the conveying belt II, and the conveying speed is increased.
the invention relates to a light material separating device for building garbage disposal, which has the working principle that:
When the garbage collecting device is used, building garbage is placed on the feeding frame 1-3, the power mechanism 2 is started, the building garbage can fall onto the material wheels 4-7 under the action of gravity, the power mechanism 2 drives the differential belt wheel body 3-3-2 to rotate, the differential belt wheel body 3-3-2 drives the differential small shaft 3-7 to rotate by taking the differential shaft I3-1 as an axis, the differential small shaft 3-7 drives the differential bevel gear III 3-10 to rotate by taking the differential shaft I3-1 as an axis, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 drives the differential bevel gear I3-8 and the differential bevel gear II 3-9 to rotate, the differential bevel gear I3-8 and the differential bevel gear II 3-9 drive the differential shaft I3-1 and the differential shaft II 3-2 to rotate, and when the differential shaft I3-1 and the differential shaft II 3-2 both rotate clockwise and the differential shaft I3-1 and the differential shaft II 3-3 are additionally arranged 2, when the circumferential resistance is the same, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 can not rotate, when the resistance of the differential shaft I3-1 is greater than the resistance of the differential shaft II 3-2, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 can rotate clockwise, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 pushes the differential bevel gear I3-8 to rotate, the rotating speed of the differential bevel gear I3-8 is greater than the rotating speed of the differential bevel gear II 3-9, when the resistance of the differential shaft I3-1 is less than the resistance of the differential shaft II 3-2, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 can rotate anticlockwise, the differential bevel gear III 3-10 pushes the differential bevel gear II 3-9 to rotate, the rotating speed of the differential bevel gear I3-8 is less than the rotating speed of the differential bevel gear II 3-9, the diameter of the differential large belt wheel 3-4 is greater than the diameter of the separating belt wheel II 4-4, the separation belt wheel I4-3 is in transmission connection with the differential belt wheel III 3-6 through a belt; when the circumferential resistance borne by the separation shaft I4-1 and the separation shaft II 4-2 is the same, the rotating speed of the diameter of the separation belt wheel II 4-4 is larger than the rotating speed of the separation belt wheel I4-3, the rotating resistance of the fan 4-5 is far smaller than the rotating resistance on the material wheel 4-7, the rotating speed of the fan 4-5 is far larger than the rotating speed of the material wheel 4-7, when the material on the material wheel 4-7 is increased, the circumferential resistance of the fan 4-5 is unchanged, the rotating speed of the fan 4-5 is increased, and the rotating speed of the material wheel 4-7 is reduced; the material wheel 4-7 drives the building waste to rotate, the fan 4-5 blows light materials in the building waste into the light material wheel 4-8, when the light materials on the light material wheel 4-8 rotate to the right side of the baffle II 4-9, the baffle II 4-9 blocks the wind power of the fan 4-5, the light materials fall onto the transmission belt II, the building waste falls onto the transmission belt I, and the differential belt wheel II 3-5 is in transmission connection with the driving transmission belt wheel 5-4 through a belt; when more building waste enters, the rotating speed of the material wheel 4-7 is reduced, the rotating speed of the fan 4-5 is increased, the rotating speed of the differential shaft I3-1 is reduced, the rotating speed of the differential shaft II 3-2 is increased, the differential shaft II 3-2 drives the differential belt wheel II 3-5 to rotate, the differential belt wheel II 3-5 drives the driving conveying belt wheel 5-4 to rotate, the driving conveying belt wheel 5-4 rotates to be increased, and the driving light material conveying wheel 5-3 rotates to connect the transmission belt I and the transmission belt II to increase the conveying speed.
It is to be understood that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and that various changes, modifications, additions and substitutions which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention and which may be made by those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a light material separator for building refuse treatment, includes complete machine support (1), power unit (2), differential mechanism (3), separating mechanism (4), initiative transport mechanism (5) and passive transport mechanism (6), its characterized in that: the power mechanism (2) is fixedly connected to the whole machine support (1), the differential mechanism (3) is rotatably connected to the whole machine support (1), the differential mechanism (3) is connected with the power mechanism (2) through belt transmission, the separating mechanism (4) is rotatably connected to the whole machine support (1), the separating mechanism (4) is connected with the differential mechanism (3) through belt transmission, the active transport mechanism (5) is rotatably connected to the whole machine support (1), the active transport mechanism (5) is connected with the differential mechanism (3) through belt transmission, the passive transport mechanism (6) is rotatably connected to the whole machine support (1), and the passive transport mechanism (6) is connected with the active transport mechanism (5) through belt transmission;
the whole machine support (1) comprises a separation support (1-1), two side plates (1-2), a feeding frame (1-3), a waste material outlet (1-4) and a light material outlet (1-5), wherein the number of the side plates (1-2) is two, a plurality of circular through holes I are formed in the two side plates (1-2), the two side plates (1-2) are fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the separation support (1-1), the feeding frame (1-3) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the separation support (1-1), and the waste material outlet (1-4) and the light material outlet (1-5) are arranged on the left side and the right side of the lower end of the separation support (1-1) respectively;
The differential mechanism (3) comprises a differential shaft I (3-1), a differential shaft II (3-2), a differential belt wheel I (3-3), a differential large belt wheel (3-4), a differential belt wheel II (3-5), a differential belt wheel III (3-6), a differential small shaft (3-7), differential bevel teeth I (3-8), differential bevel teeth II (3-9) and differential bevel teeth III (3-10), the differential belt wheel I (3-3) comprises a differential belt wheel shell (3-3-1) and a differential belt wheel body (3-3-2), the differential belt wheel body (3-3-2) is fixedly connected at the left end of the differential belt wheel shell (3-3-1), the differential bevel teeth II (3-9) and the belt wheel differential speed III (3-6) are respectively and fixedly connected at the left end and the right end of the differential shaft I (3-1), the differential belt wheel II (3-5) and the differential bevel gear I (3-8) are respectively fixedly connected with the left end and the right end of the differential shaft II (3-2), the differential large belt wheel (3-4) is fixedly connected with the differential shaft II (3-2), the differential belt wheel body (3-3-2) is rotatably connected with the differential shaft II (3-2), the differential small shaft (3-7) is fixedly connected with the differential belt wheel shell (3-3-1), the differential bevel gear III (3-10) is rotatably connected with the differential small shaft (3-7), the differential bevel gear III (3-10) is respectively meshed with the differential bevel gear I (3-8) and the differential bevel gear II (3-9), the differential shaft I (3-1) is rotatably connected with the side plate (1-2) on the right side, the differential shaft II (3-2) is rotatably connected with the side plate (1-2) on the left side, the differential pulley body (3-3-2) is connected with the power mechanism (2) through belt transmission.
2. The light material separating device for the construction waste disposal according to claim 1, wherein: the separating mechanism (4) comprises a separating shaft I (4-1), a separating shaft II (4-2), a separating belt wheel I (4-3), a separating belt wheel II (4-4), a fan (4-5), a baffle I (4-6), a material wheel (4-7), a light material wheel (4-8) and a baffle II (4-9), the material wheel (4-7) comprises a material wheel body (4-7-1), a material baffle (4-7-2) and six rotating separating plates (4-7-3), a plurality of circular through holes II are formed in the material baffle (4-7-2), the material baffle (4-7-2) is welded at the left end of the material wheel body (4-7-1), the six rotating separating plates (4-7-3) are uniformly welded at the outer ring of the material wheel body (4-7-1), the light material wheel (4-8) comprises a light material wheel body (4-8-1) and six light material baffles (4-8-2), the six light material baffles (4-8-2) are uniformly welded on the outer ring of the light material wheel body (4-8-1), the separation belt wheel II (4-4) and the fan (4-5) are respectively and fixedly connected with the left end and the right end of the separation shaft II (4-2), the right end of the separation shaft II (4-2) is rotatably connected with the left end of the separation shaft I (4-1), the separation belt wheel I (4-3) and the material wheel body (4-7-1) are respectively and fixedly connected with the right end and the left end of the separation shaft I (4-1), the material wheel body (4-7-1) is arranged at the lower end of the material feeding frame (1-3), the light material wheel body (4-8-1) is fixedly connected to the separating shaft I (4-1), the separating shaft II (4-2) is rotatably connected to the side plate (1-2) on the left side, the separating shaft I (4-1) is rotatably connected to the side plate (1-2) on the right side, the upper end of the baffle I (4-6) is rotatably connected to the separating shaft II (4-2), the lower end of the baffle I (4-6) is fixedly connected to the separating bracket (1-1), the baffle I (4-6) is positioned on the right side of the fan (4-5), the upper end of the baffle II (4-9) is rotatably connected to the separating shaft I (4-1), the lower end of the baffle II (4-9) is fixedly connected to the separating bracket (1-1), and the baffle II (4-9) is positioned between the material wheel body (4-7-1) and the light material wheel body (4-8-1) The separating belt wheel II (4-4) is connected with the differential large belt wheel (3-4) through belt transmission, the diameter of the differential large belt wheel (3-4) is larger than that of the separating belt wheel II (4-4), and the separating belt wheel I (4-3) is connected with the differential belt wheel III (3-6) through belt transmission.
3. The light material separating device for the construction waste disposal according to claim 2, wherein: the driving transportation mechanism (5) comprises a driving transportation shaft (5-1), a driving transportation waste material wheel (5-2), a driving transportation light material wheel (5-3) and a driving transportation belt wheel (5-4), the driving transportation belt wheel (5-4) and the driving transportation light material wheel (5-3) are respectively and fixedly connected with the left end and the right end of the driving transportation shaft (5-1), the driving transportation waste material wheel (5-2) is fixedly connected on the driving transportation shaft (5-1), the driving transportation waste material wheel (5-2) is positioned between the driving transportation light material wheel (5-3) and the driving transportation belt wheel (5-4), the left end and the right end of the driving transportation shaft (5-1) are respectively and rotatably connected on the side plates (1-2) at the two sides, the driving transportation waste material wheel (5-2) is arranged at the lower end of the waste material outlet (1-4), the driving light material conveying wheel (5-3) is arranged at the lower end of the light material outlet (1-5), and the differential belt wheel II (3-5) is in transmission connection with the driving conveying belt wheel (5-4) through a belt.
4. The light material separating device for the construction waste disposal according to claim 3, wherein: the passive transport mechanism (6) comprises a passive transport shaft (6-1), a passive transport waste wheel (6-2) and a passive transport light material wheel (6-3), the passive transport waste wheel (6-2) and the passive transport light material wheel (6-3) are respectively and fixedly connected to the passive transport shaft (6-1), the passive transport shaft (6-1) is rotatably connected to the side plates (1-2) on the two sides, the passive transport waste wheel (6-2) and the active transport waste wheel (5-2) are in transmission connection through a transmission belt I, and the passive transport light material wheel (6-3) and the active transport light material wheel (5-3) are in transmission connection through a transmission belt II.
CN201810412709.0A 2018-05-03 2018-05-03 Light material separator for construction waste treatment Active CN108655003B (en)

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JP2002126555A (en) * 2000-10-18 2002-05-08 Tech Corporation:Kk Packed food sorting device
CN1488527A (en) * 2003-08-30 2004-04-14 柳青松 Differential mechanism
JP5465589B2 (en) * 2010-04-19 2014-04-09 株式会社福井クリーン・システム Waste sorting equipment
US8267254B2 (en) * 2010-06-24 2012-09-18 Air Equipment & Engineering, Inc. Fluid separator for trash and other materials
CN104668196A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-06-03 无锡昊瑜节能环保设备有限公司 Trash sorting apparatus
CN107309171A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-11-03 成都市朗慧科技有限公司 A kind of wind-force device for separation of waste

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