CN108639702A - A kind of transmission unit - Google Patents

A kind of transmission unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108639702A
CN108639702A CN201810679023.8A CN201810679023A CN108639702A CN 108639702 A CN108639702 A CN 108639702A CN 201810679023 A CN201810679023 A CN 201810679023A CN 108639702 A CN108639702 A CN 108639702A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
transmission unit
panel
driving motor
article
sensor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810679023.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋俊峰
袁栋梁
王佳
吴端胜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Shenzhen Intelligent Manufacturing Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Shenzhen Intelligent Manufacturing Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Shenzhen Intelligent Manufacturing Technology Co Ltd filed Critical China Shenzhen Intelligent Manufacturing Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810679023.8A priority Critical patent/CN108639702A/en
Publication of CN108639702A publication Critical patent/CN108639702A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G43/00Control devices, e.g. for safety, warning or fault-correcting
    • B65G43/08Control devices operated by article or material being fed, conveyed or discharged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/52Devices for transferring articles or materials between conveyors i.e. discharging or feeding devices
    • B65G47/64Switching conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2203/00Indexing code relating to control or detection of the articles or the load carriers during conveying
    • B65G2203/04Detection means
    • B65G2203/042Sensors

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of transmission unit, which includes:One panel;At least three Mecanum wheels, the Mecanum wheel is uniformly distributed around the face plate center, and top protrudes from the upper surface of the panel;At least three driving motors, each one Mecanum wheel of driving motor respective drive work;One controller connects respectively with the driving motor to export control signal control corresponding driving motor work respectively.Transmission unit provided by the invention can be combined into a conveying device, and the conveying device of the multi-direction transmission of article is realized by controlling the movement velocity of at least three Mecanum wheels on transmission unit.

Description

A kind of transmission unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to conveying device technical field more particularly to a kind of transmission units.
Background technology
Conveying device is commonly used in various business and manufacturing industry application, to be conveyed between different disposal website and position Article.Conveying device generally includes belt-type conveying device, roller conveying apparatus, net belt conveying apparatus and chain conveyor, For doing the transmission and transport of article, it is mainly used in the material transportation in factory, warehouse etc..
Conveying device is using one-way transmission unit at present, such as:Belt, chain, idler wheel are also employed as assisting The multi-directional ball of the energy universal rotational without driving of effect, but with the arrival of intellectualization times, the especially logistics of a large amount of materials The Material Sorting requirement in warehouse is higher and higher, and the single driving wheel of the existing direction of motion and rotation direction and velocity of rotation are not Restricted multi-directional ball cannot all meet the requirement of the multi-direction transmission of article.
Invention content
Technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in a kind of transmission unit is proposed, it is composed with this transmission unit defeated The multi-direction transmission for sending device that can realize article.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of transmission unit, the transmission unit include:
One panel;
At least three Mecanum wheels, the Mecanum wheel are uniformly distributed around the face plate center, and top is protruded In the upper surface of the panel;
At least three driving motors, each one Mecanum wheel of driving motor respective drive work;
One controller connects respectively with the driving motor to export the corresponding driving motor work of control signal control respectively Make.
Wherein, each driving motor by one speed reducer by with corresponding Mecanum wheel connect.
Wherein, the number of the Mecanum wheel is three.
Wherein, the driving motor is stepper motor or servo motor.
Wherein, a sensor for whether there is article in detection panel, the controller are provided at the panel The detection signal of the sensor is obtained to control the work of the driving motor.
Wherein, the sensor is set to the middle part of the panel.
Wherein, the sensor is infrared sensor.
Wherein, the transmission unit further includes having a support baseboard and several be fixed on the support baseboard to be used for Support the support column of the panel.
Wherein, the panel is regular polygon, and one and the face have been downwardly extending from each edge of the panel The vertical side plate of plate.
Wherein, the panel is equilateral triangle, square or regular hexagon.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are:The present invention provides transmission unit and can be used for being combined into conveying Device controls the direction of motion and speed of article, to realize by controlling the movement velocity of at least three Mecanum wheels The multi-direction transmission of article is to meet the needs of users.
Description of the drawings
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, institute in being described below to the embodiment of the present invention Attached drawing to be used is needed to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some implementations of the present invention Example without creative efforts, can also be implemented for those of ordinary skill in the art according to the present invention The content of example and these attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of conveying equipment.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of transmission unit.
Fig. 3 is the exploded view of the transmission unit in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of another transmission unit.
Fig. 5 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of conveying device.
Wherein:10- articles;20- conveying devices;21- transmission units;210- panels;2100- square holes;2101- side plates; 211- Mecanum wheels;2110- rollers;2111- wheel hubs;212- driving motors;213- support baseboards;214- support columns;215- Sensor;22- supplements plate;30- conveyer belts.
Specific implementation mode
For make present invention solves the technical problem that, the technical solution that uses and the technique effect that reaches it is clearer, below The technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention will be described in further detail in conjunction with attached drawing, it is clear that described embodiment is only It is a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art exist The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the embodiment of the present invention, term "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "inner", "outside", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "top", "bottom", "horizontal", "vertical" is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, Be merely for convenience of the description present invention, rather than only or imply signified device or element must have a particular orientation, with Specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
Referring to FIG. 1, it shows that a kind of conveying equipment for conveying article 10, the conveying equipment include conveying dress Set 20 and multiple conveyer belts 30 for being divided into 20 periphery of conveying device, wherein the conveying device 20 is by multiple transmission units 21 It splices and combines, article is sent into from a certain conveyer belt 30, and destination carousel 30 is sent to through conveying device 20.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, in some embodiments, which includes a panel 210, at least three Mecanum wheel 211, at least three driving motors 212 and a controller, wherein all Mecanum wheels 211 are around the panel 210 centers are uniformly distributed, and its top protrudes from the upper surface of the panel 210,212 respective drive of each driving motor, one Mike 211 work of Na Mu wheels, controller connect respectively with all driving motors 212 to export the corresponding driving of control signal control respectively Motor 212 works.When work, the velocity of rotation of each Mecanum wheel 211 is controlled respectively by controller, turn by three differences Dynamic speed, synthesizes a unidirectional constant speed, since all Mecanum wheels 211 are uniformly distributed around 210 center of panel, leads to It crosses and changes the velocities of rotation of at least three Mecanum wheels 211 changing for object transmission speed on panel 20 and direction may be implemented Become, in this way, conveying device 20 made of being spliced and combined by multiple transmission units 21 can carry out multi-direction conveying to article 10.Therefore Driving motor 212 can be controlled respectively by controller and drive the velocity of rotation of Mecanum wheel 211 to control positioned at conveying dress The arbitrary transmission to the multi-point of article can be realized without moving conveyor in the multi-direction transmission for the article set.And because It is to work independently for single transmission unit, can realizes the multi-thread transmission of article by controlling transmission unit, article is greatly improved Sorting efficiency, can replace mechanical arm sorting station function.
Wherein, microcontroller or PLC (Programmable Logic Controller, programmable logic can be used in controller Controller) structure, give each driving motor 212 to export a pulse signal to control the rotation of driving motor 212 respectively, thus point The velocity of rotation of each Mecanum wheel 211 is not controlled.
The shape for the universal conveying device being spliced by transmission unit provided in this embodiment can be most effectively and rationally sharp With the confined space, and due to being composed using Modularized splice, when single transmission unit breaks down, change transmission path Line is not necessarily to shutdown maintenance, does not influence integral item transmission, and the embodiment of the present invention can realize the multi-thread transmission of article, The sorting efficiency of article is greatly improved, the sorting station function of mechanical arm can be replaced.
In Fig. 1 to embodiment shown in Fig. 3, use three Mecanum wheels 211 to realize the multi-direction transmission of article, The quantity of corresponding driving motor is three, and three Mecanum wheels 211 are uniformly distributed around 210 center of panel, such knot Structure meets mechanics principle, driving Mecanum wheel 211 can be gone to drive the multi-direction rotation of article with minimum driving force, and such Material is also saved in combination the most.In other examples, four, five or six Mecanum wheels can also be used, to realize The multi-direction transmission of article.As a preferred embodiment, the rotation direction and wheel hub of the roller 2110 of Mecanum wheel 211 2111 rotation direction is vertical, is conducive to the rotation direction for being more accurately controlled article in this way.
In some embodiments, panel 210 corresponds to the position of each Mecanum wheel 211 and offers a square hole 2100 So that the top of Mecanum wheel 211 protrudes from panel 210.
In some embodiments, each driving motor 212 by one speed reducer by with corresponding Mecanum wheel 212 connect It connects.Speed reducer is mounted on driving motor 212, for reducing the rotating speed of driving motor 212, acts on driving motor 212 and wheat Play a part of to match rotating speed between Ke Namu wheels 211, transmit torque and matching inertia.
In some embodiments, driving motor 212 is stepper or servo motor, for driving 211 turns of Mecanum wheel It is dynamic.
In some embodiments, a sensing for whether there is article 10 in detection panel 210 is provided at panel 210 Device 215, controller obtain the detection signal of the sensor 215 to control the work of driving motor 212.Sensor 215 and control Device is electrically connected, and whether there is article on transmission unit 21 for detecting, controller obtains the detection signal of sensor 215, knot The detection signal that obtains is closed to control article transmission speed on a conveyor and direction, for example, being deposited when detect signal and show In article, then controls transmission unit 21 and keep rotation;If being informed in preset time according to detection signal and article, table being all not present Bright article, which has transmitted, to be finished, then controls transmission unit 21 and stop operating, play energy-saving effect.As a preferred embodiment party Formula, the sensor 215 are set to the middle part of the panel 210, and such sensor 210 can be distributed in universal conveying device, Be conducive to improve the accuracy of detection.As a preferred embodiment, sensor 215 is infrared sensor.
In some embodiments, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, there is a support baseboard 213 and solid if transmission unit 21 further includes The support column 214 for being used to support panel 210 on the support baseboard 213, using support baseboard 213 and support column 214 It can obtain a structurally stable transmission unit 21.As a preferred embodiment, controller is set to support baseboard 213 On.
In some embodiments, panel 210 is regular polygon, is downwardly extending from each edge of the panel 210 There is a side plate 2101 vertical with the panel 210.Refering to fig. 1 to shown in Fig. 3, in some preferred embodiments, the panel 210 For regular hexagon, it is downwardly extending a side plate 2101 vertical with the panel 210 from each edge of the panel 210, it will Panel 210 is designed as regular hexagon structure, and by the setting of side plate 2101 so that the splicing between each transmission unit 21 is more To be close, and convenient for the positioning of transmission unit 21.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that ground also may be used in other examples The design of panel 210 is square other regular polygon structures such as (as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5), equilateral triangle.
As shown in Figure 1, as a preferred embodiment, if panel 210 is regular hexagon, the edge of conveying device 20 is also It is provided with the supplement plate 22 in 210 gaps of filling panel, so that the edge of conveying device 20 is a straight line, is conducive to prevent article It is fallen in the edge of conveying device 20.
In some embodiments, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 5, conveying device 20 is spliced for one by several transmission units 21 Rectangular configuration, the number of conveyer belt 30 is 4, and each conveyer belt 30 is respectively arranged at the periphery of rectangle conveying device 20.When So, conveying device 20 can also be spliced into the shape of needs according to actual needs, and the number of conveyer belt 30 is also according to actual needs Setting, the shape to conveying device 20 and the number of conveyer belt 30 are not limited here.
Conveying device made of the transmission unit for implementing to provide by the present invention splices and combines, by controlling at least three respectively The velocity of rotation of Mecanum wheel controls the direction of motion and speed of the article on transmission unit, to realizing the more of article Direction is transmitted to meet the needs of users, and each transmission unit works independently, and the more of article can be realized by controlling transmission unit Line transmits, and the arbitrary transmission to the multi-point of article can be realized without moving conveyor, and the sorting effect of article is greatly improved Rate can replace the sorting station function of mechanical arm;Spliced using modularization assembling, most effective can reasonably utilize the confined space, When single transmission unit breaks down, integral item conveying is not influenced, replaces transmission route;And failure hour hands The transmission unit of failure is repaired or replaced, is conducive to cost-effective and easy to operate.
The technical principle of the present invention is described above in association with specific embodiment.These descriptions are intended merely to explain the present invention's Principle, and it cannot be construed to limiting the scope of the invention in any way.Based on the explanation herein, the technology of this field Personnel would not require any inventive effort the other specific implementation modes that can associate the present invention, these modes are fallen within Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of transmission unit, which is characterized in that the transmission unit includes:
One panel;
At least three Mecanum wheels, the Mecanum wheel is uniformly distributed around the face plate center, and top protrudes from institute State the upper surface of panel;
At least three driving motors, each one Mecanum wheel of driving motor respective drive work;
One controller connects respectively with the driving motor to export control signal control corresponding driving motor work respectively.
2. transmission unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that each driving motor by a speed reducer with it is corresponding Mecanum wheel connection.
3. transmission unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the number of the Mecanum wheel is three.
4. transmission unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving motor is stepper motor or servo electricity Machine.
5. transmission unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided with one at the panel for detection panel With the presence or absence of the sensor of article, the controller obtains the detection signal of the sensor to control the work of the driving motor Make.
6. transmission unit according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the sensor is set to the middle part of the panel.
7. transmission unit according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the sensor is infrared sensor.
8. transmission unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the transmission unit further include have a support baseboard and Several support columns for being used to support the panel being fixed on the support baseboard.
9. transmission unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the panel is regular polygon, from the panel Each edge is downwardly extending a side plate vertical with the panel.
10. transmission unit according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the panel is equilateral triangle, square or positive six Side shape.
CN201810679023.8A 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of transmission unit Pending CN108639702A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810679023.8A CN108639702A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of transmission unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810679023.8A CN108639702A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of transmission unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108639702A true CN108639702A (en) 2018-10-12

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810679023.8A Pending CN108639702A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of transmission unit

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108639702A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109396048A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-03-01 顺丰科技有限公司 A kind of vector mechanism for sorting and its method for sorting
CN109969740A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-05 西南科技大学 A kind of restructural intelligent transportation band control method and control system
CN110282362A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-27 安徽恒晟重工科技有限公司 A kind of Modular type conveyer and its working method
CN111530777A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-08-14 思百达物联网科技(北京)有限公司 Self-service luggage article security inspection channel and method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109396048A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-03-01 顺丰科技有限公司 A kind of vector mechanism for sorting and its method for sorting
CN109396048B (en) * 2018-10-17 2020-11-13 顺丰科技有限公司 Vector sorting mechanism and sorting method thereof
CN109969740A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-05 西南科技大学 A kind of restructural intelligent transportation band control method and control system
CN110282362A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-27 安徽恒晟重工科技有限公司 A kind of Modular type conveyer and its working method
CN111530777A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-08-14 思百达物联网科技(北京)有限公司 Self-service luggage article security inspection channel and method

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