CN108623992A - A kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108623992A
CN108623992A CN201810551385.9A CN201810551385A CN108623992A CN 108623992 A CN108623992 A CN 108623992A CN 201810551385 A CN201810551385 A CN 201810551385A CN 108623992 A CN108623992 A CN 108623992A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
fire
wire harness
carbon fiber
activated carbon
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201810551385.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
嵇存雄
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WUHU EXCELLENCE WIRE HARNESS SYSTEM CO Ltd
Original Assignee
WUHU EXCELLENCE WIRE HARNESS SYSTEM CO Ltd
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Application filed by WUHU EXCELLENCE WIRE HARNESS SYSTEM CO Ltd filed Critical WUHU EXCELLENCE WIRE HARNESS SYSTEM CO Ltd
Priority to CN201810551385.9A priority Critical patent/CN108623992A/en
Publication of CN108623992A publication Critical patent/CN108623992A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L61/00Compositions of condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L61/04Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with phenols only
    • C08L61/16Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with phenols only of ketones with phenols
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/18Oxygen-containing compounds, e.g. metal carbonyls
    • C08K3/24Acids; Salts thereof
    • C08K3/26Carbonates; Bicarbonates
    • C08K2003/265Calcium, strontium or barium carbonate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/08Stabilised against heat, light or radiation or oxydation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/03Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend

Abstract

The present invention relates to wire harness sheath Material Fields, specifically disclose a kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile, including following components:35 50 parts of polyether-ether-ketone PEEK, 20 35 parts of EVA resin, 15 20 parts of liquid thermoset polyimides pure resin, 46 parts of modified activated carbon fiber, 6 10 parts of super-fine active calcium carbide, 35 parts of diisononyl phthalate, 24 parts of lubricant, 0.5 0.9 parts of antioxidant.The present invention is used as matrix using EVA resin and polyether-ether-ketone PEEK etc., matrix itself has the performances such as fire-retardant, heat-resisting, anticorrosive, composite modified activated carbon fiber etc. again so that the material property being prepared is more excellent (such as fire-retardant, anticorrosive, heat-resisting performance).

Description

A kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to new-energy automobile spare and accessory parts fields, and in particular to a kind of new-energy automobile high-low temperature resistant wire harness sheath Material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Automotive wire bundle is the network principal of automobile circuit, and automobile circuit is also just not present without harness.Harness refers to by copper After contact terminal (connector) made of material punching is crimped with electric wire, outside plastic compression insulator or added metal shell again Deng, tied up with harness to be formed connection circuit component.Harness industrial chain includes electric wire, connector, process equipment, harness system Make with downstream application industry, harness be widely used it is general, can be used in automobile, household electrical appliance, computer and communication apparatus, various electricity Sub- instrument and meter etc..One layer of protective case is also cased with outside automotive wire bundle, protective case can connect with the accessory of other on automobile It connects and protection wire is without damage.But existing cable harness protection sleeve is easy to aging, and fire retardancy is weaker, and stability is poor, does not adapt to Some bursts or extreme environment, to which existing demand cannot be met.
Invention content
In view of the foregoing, it is an object to provide a kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile and its system Preparation Method, preparation-obtained wire harness sheath material is fire-retardant, wear-resisting etc., also can be well protected line under burst or extreme condition Beam is without damage.
To achieve the goals above, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:A kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile Material, is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:35-50 parts of polyether-ether-ketone PEEK, 20-35 parts of EVA resin, liquid thermoset polyamides 15-20 parts of imines pure resin, 4-6 parts of modified activated carbon fiber, 6-10 parts of super-fine active calcium carbide, diisononyl phthalate 3-5 parts, 2-4 parts of lubricant, 0.5-0.9 parts of antioxidant;Wherein, the preparation process of modified activated carbon fiber is as follows:It weighs certain The ethanol water that activated carbon fiber, sodium tungstate, silane coupling agent and the volume fraction of amount are 65% is put into the super of 45-50KHz Ultrasonic disperse 50-60min in sound instrument sink is uniformly mixed, is subsequently placed in 80-90 DEG C of drying box that drying to constant weight to get table The activated carbon fiber that face is modified;Wherein, the second that activated carbon fiber, sodium tungstate, organo silane coupling agent and volume fraction are 65% The weight part ratio of alcohol solution is 1:(0.8-1.2):(1-1.5):(4-6).
The lubricant is selected from the compound of dimethicone and glycerin monostearate, dimethicone and single tristearin The weight part ratio of acid glyceride is (1.5-3):1.
The antioxidant is the compound of double octadecanol esters and thio-2 acid dibasic acid esters, double octadecanol esters and thio The weight part ratio of dipropyl acid diester is 1:(1-2).
The above-mentioned fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile, including following preparation process:
(1) formula rate is pressed, EVA resin and polyether-ether-ketone PEEK are added in resin softening tank, 20- is fully melted 30min obtains mixture A;
(2) by the liquid thermoset polyimides pure resin of mixture A and formula rate obtained by step (1), modified work Property carbon fiber, super-fine active calcium carbide, diisononyl phthalate, lubricant and antioxidant are added to mixed at high speed jointly It in machine, after mixing, at a temperature of 180-220 DEG C, squeezes out, is granulated up to fire-retardant wire harness sheath material through double screw extruder Material.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The present invention is used as matrix, matrix itself to have using EVA resin and polyether-ether-ketone PEEK etc. There are the performances, then composite modified activated carbon fiber such as fire-retardant, heat-resisting, anticorrosive etc. so that the material property being prepared is more excellent Different (such as fire-retardant, anticorrosive, wear-resisting, heat-resisting performance).
Specific implementation mode
The specific implementation mode of the present invention is described in detail below.It should be understood that described herein specific Embodiment is merely to illustrate and explain the present invention, and is not intended to restrict the invention.In embodiment, all raw materials are all purchased from Gaede Chemical industry net.
Embodiment 1
A kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile, is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:
46 parts of polyether-ether-ketone PEEK, 32 parts of EVA resin, 16 parts of liquid thermoset polyimides pure resin, modified activated carbon 5 parts of fiber, 8 parts of super-fine active calcium carbide, 4 parts of diisononyl phthalate, 3 parts of lubricant, 0.7 part of antioxidant;Wherein, change The preparation process of property activated carbon fiber is as follows:
Weigh the ethanol water that 3 parts of activated carbon fiber, 2.4 parts of sodium tungstate, 4.2 parts of silane coupling agent and volume fraction are 65% 15 parts of solution is put into ultrasonic disperse 60min in the Ultrasound Instrument sink of 50KHz, is uniformly mixed, is subsequently placed in 90 DEG C of drying boxes and dries Do the activated carbon fiber being modified to constant weight to get surface.
The lubricant is selected from the compound of dimethicone and glycerin monostearate, dimethicone and single tristearin The weight part ratio of acid glyceride is 2:1.
The antioxidant is the compound of double octadecanol esters and thio-2 acid dibasic acid esters, double octadecanol esters and thio The weight part ratio of dipropyl acid diester is 1:1.5.
The above-mentioned fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile, including following preparation process:
(1) formula rate is pressed, EVA resin and polyether-ether-ketone PEEK are added in resin softening tank, 30min is fully melted, Obtain mixture A;
(2) by the liquid thermoset polyimides pure resin of mixture A and formula rate obtained by step (1), modified work Property carbon fiber, super-fine active calcium carbide, diisononyl phthalate, lubricant and antioxidant are added to mixed at high speed jointly It in machine, after mixing, at a temperature of 200 DEG C, squeezes out, is granulated up to fire-retardant wire harness sheath material through double screw extruder.
Embodiment 2
A kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile, is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:
48 parts of polyether-ether-ketone PEEK, 32 parts of EVA resin, 18 parts of liquid thermoset polyimides pure resin, modified activated carbon 6 parts of fiber, 8 parts of super-fine active calcium carbide, 4 parts of diisononyl phthalate, 4 parts of lubricant, 0.9 part of antioxidant;Wherein, change The preparation process of property activated carbon fiber is as follows:
Weigh the ethanol water that 3 parts of activated carbon fiber, 2.4 parts of sodium tungstate, 4.2 parts of silane coupling agent and volume fraction are 65% 15 parts of solution is put into ultrasonic disperse 60min in the Ultrasound Instrument sink of 50KHz, is uniformly mixed, is subsequently placed in 90 DEG C of drying boxes and dries Do the activated carbon fiber being modified to constant weight to get surface.
The lubricant is selected from the compound of dimethicone and glycerin monostearate, dimethicone and single tristearin The weight part ratio of acid glyceride is 2:1.
The antioxidant is the compound of double octadecanol esters and thio-2 acid dibasic acid esters, double octadecanol esters and thio The weight part ratio of dipropyl acid diester is 1:2.
The above-mentioned fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile, including following preparation process:
(1) formula rate is pressed, EVA resin and polyether-ether-ketone PEEK are added in resin softening tank, 30min is fully melted, Obtain mixture A;
(2) by the liquid thermoset polyimides pure resin of mixture A and formula rate obtained by step (1), modified work Property carbon fiber, super-fine active calcium carbide, diisononyl phthalate, lubricant and antioxidant are added to mixed at high speed jointly It in machine, after mixing, at a temperature of 200 DEG C, squeezes out, is granulated up to fire-retardant wire harness sheath material through double screw extruder.
After testing, the performance parameter for the fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile that prepared by the present invention is as follows:

Claims (4)

1. a kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile, which is characterized in that be made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Polyethers ether PEEK35-50 parts of ketone, 20-35 parts of EVA resin, 15-20 parts of liquid thermoset polyimides pure resin, modified activated carbon fiber 4- 6 parts, 6-10 parts of super-fine active calcium carbide, 3-5 parts of diisononyl phthalate, 2-4 parts of lubricant, 0.5-0.9 parts of antioxidant; Wherein, the preparation process of modified activated carbon fiber is as follows:Weigh a certain amount of activated carbon fiber, sodium tungstate, silane coupling agent and The ethanol water that volume fraction is 65%, is put into ultrasonic disperse 50-60min in the Ultrasound Instrument sink of 45-50KHz, and mixing is equal It is even, it is subsequently placed in the activated carbon fiber that drying to constant weight is modified to get surface in 80-90 DEG C of drying box.
2. the fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of a kind of new-energy automobile according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The lubricant Compound selected from dimethicone and glycerin monostearate, the weight part ratio of dimethicone and glycerin monostearate For (1.5-3):1.
3. the fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of a kind of new-energy automobile according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The antioxidant For the compound of double octadecanol esters and thio-2 acid dibasic acid esters, the parts by weight of double octadecanol esters and thio-2 acid dibasic acid esters Than being 1:(1-2).
4. the fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of a kind of new-energy automobile according to claim 1-3 any one, which is characterized in that Including following preparation process:
(1) formula rate is pressed, EVA resin and polyether-ether-ketone PEEK are added in resin softening tank, fully melts 20-30min, obtains To mixture A;
(2) by the liquid thermoset polyimides pure resin of mixture A and formula rate obtained by step (1), modified activated carbon Fiber, super-fine active calcium carbide, diisononyl phthalate, lubricant and antioxidant are added to high-speed mixer jointly In, it after mixing, at a temperature of 180-220 DEG C, squeezes out, is granulated up to fire-retardant wire harness sheath material through double screw extruder Material.
CN201810551385.9A 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 A kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN108623992A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810551385.9A CN108623992A (en) 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 A kind of fire-retardant wire harness sheath material of new-energy automobile and preparation method thereof

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102010002721A1 (en) * 2010-03-10 2011-11-17 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Wire i.e. winding wire, for winding of e.g. generator, has electrical conductor covered with polyimide layer and polyetheretherketone layer, where polyimide layer is arranged between conductor and polyetheretherketone layer
CN104774425A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-07-15 苏州中亚芯能新材料科技有限公司 Fiber-reinforced polyetheretherketone composite material and preparation method thereof
CN105400131A (en) * 2015-12-12 2016-03-16 唐思钊 A composite material used for a special cable, a preparing method thereof and the special cable

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102010002721A1 (en) * 2010-03-10 2011-11-17 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Wire i.e. winding wire, for winding of e.g. generator, has electrical conductor covered with polyimide layer and polyetheretherketone layer, where polyimide layer is arranged between conductor and polyetheretherketone layer
CN104774425A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-07-15 苏州中亚芯能新材料科技有限公司 Fiber-reinforced polyetheretherketone composite material and preparation method thereof
CN105400131A (en) * 2015-12-12 2016-03-16 唐思钊 A composite material used for a special cable, a preparing method thereof and the special cable

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Application publication date: 20181009

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