CN108617960A - A kind of maize flour plant-scale equipment - Google Patents

A kind of maize flour plant-scale equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108617960A
CN108617960A CN201810435457.3A CN201810435457A CN108617960A CN 108617960 A CN108617960 A CN 108617960A CN 201810435457 A CN201810435457 A CN 201810435457A CN 108617960 A CN108617960 A CN 108617960A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feed back
particle
conveyer belt
sieve
threshing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810435457.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108617960B (en
Inventor
李彬彬
李诚岩
高德康
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WUHE SHUNPENG AGRICULTURAL AND SIDELINE PRODUCTS Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Wuhu Tuyun Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810435457.3A priority Critical patent/CN108617960B/en
Publication of CN108617960A publication Critical patent/CN108617960A/en
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Publication of CN108617960B publication Critical patent/CN108617960B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L7/00Cereal-derived products; Malt products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L7/10Cereal-derived products
    • A23L7/198Dry unshaped finely divided cereal products, not provided for in groups A23L7/117 - A23L7/196 and A23L29/00, e.g. meal, flour, powder, dried cereal creams or extracts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C9/00Other milling methods or mills specially adapted for grain
    • B02C9/02Cutting or splitting grain
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C9/00Other milling methods or mills specially adapted for grain
    • B02C9/04Systems or sequences of operations; Plant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/04Stationary flat screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/34Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen
    • B07B1/343Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen with mechanical drive elements other than electromagnets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B9/00Combinations of apparatus for screening or sifting or for separating solids from solids using gas currents; General arrangement of plant, e.g. flow sheets

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of maize flour plant-scale equipments, include corn ear processing unit (plant), niblet grinding device, mixing apparatus of powdery row material successively from front to back according to technological process.The present invention, which has, to be improved the processing efficiency of corn ear, increases the Economic Value Added of corn ear and ensure that the quality for the corn flour produced, and corn flour and flour good mixing effect, it is prevented from caking, be not easy to plug, the continuity that works the advantages of work efficiency is high.

Description

A kind of maize flour plant-scale equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of agricultural machinery more particularly to a kind of maize flour plant-scale equipments.
Background technology
Containing a large amount of lecithin, linoleic acid, grain alcohol, vitamin E, cellulose etc. in corn, there is blood pressure lowering, drop blood Fat, anti arteriosclerosis, prevent intestinal cancer, beautifying face and moistering lotion, the various health care functions such as anti-aging and diabetes patient suitable for good Product.The nutrition and conditioning functions of corn has been fully retained in maize flour, and it is bad and be not easy to improve coarse food grain pastries mouthfeel The shortcomings that digestion.Emerged one after another using the food that corn is prepared as raw material, common are corn iron, corn-dodger etc., wherein maize flour Item is most received by the market.
The manufacturing method of the corn flour of the prior art is as follows:After the completion of corn is picked, the processing that strips off the skin is carried out to corn, is obtained To corn ear;Corn ear is placed into spacious place drying, makes the moisture in corn ear 13~15%;Corn ear is carried out Threshing obtains niblet;Niblet is crushed to obtain finished product.
Application No. is 201510454144.9 patents of invention to disclose a kind of corn sheller unit, which utilizes three Roller gripper mechanism grips corn ear rotates downwards, in corn ear and when insert contacts, cutter head to the root of corn ear into Row cutting, to achieve the purpose that threshing.There are the deficiencies of following aspect for the device:Staff's moment is needed to stand existing in production , and be to be in vertically downward state before keeping corn ear to process so that the labor intensity of staff is very big;In work people When member leaves, device can dally, and be unfavorable for energy saving;It, can also be doped with dust and skin in niblet after the completion of threshing Bits also needed to carry out impurities removal process in the later stage, and the process-cycle is longer;The device single can only carry out threshing to a corn ear, Treatment effeciency is to be improved.
Application No. is 201711283141.9 patent of invention disclose it is a kind of can quickly threshing drying corn processing use Combined threshing device, the device are rotated using gravity compressing striker plate, enable corn between striker plate and hopper Gap enter feeding manner.Although the device can realize that automatic feed, charging rate cannot be controlled effectively. There are corn ear in hopper to continue into the possibility in threshing tank during last corn rod threshing, leads to phase between corn ear It mutually influences, threshing efficiency is extended.In addition, always there is corn remaining in the hopper of the device, brings and feed insufficient ask Topic.Further more, the device realizes threshing course using the relative rotation between the thrashing cylinder and corn ear being laterally arranged, this mode Threshing efficiency is relatively low, is also easy to make niblet that breakage occur in threshing course, Threshing is not satisfactory.
Application No. is 201711010750.7 patents of invention to disclose a kind of crush maize machinery with impurity removal function Equipment, the device, to promoting niblet to certain altitude first with lifting device, utilize niblet before pulverization process Gravity makes niblet move up and down on the spring in trash extraction box, to realize removal of impurities purpose.Although this mode can be realized The removal of impurities of niblet is handled, but energy consumption is larger in the process, is unfavorable for cost savings, and cannot remove and be attached to niblet surface Impurity, impurity-eliminating effect is also to be improved.To ensure final product quality, also need to once remove niblet before pulverization process Dirt processing needs the open state for keeping dust-extraction unit in dust removal process, cost is caused to further increase.In addition the device pair The aridity of niblet is more demanding, and in the case where niblet humidity is larger, corn flour easily lumps, and corn flour easily occurs Rotten, the shelf-life is shorter, is unfavorable for storing.
Currently, threshing and crushing most or independent of each other between this two procedures, that is to say, that passing through threshing After device obtains niblet to corn progress threshing, need using artificial or machinery conveying (such as conveyer belt, screw rod hoister Deng) mode will niblet be sent into pulverizer in crush processing.Due between two procedures there are larger ineffective time, Cause work poor continuity, work period longer.
It is well known that the industrial processes of noodles include noodle device, pressure surface successively from front to back according to technological process Device, face knife, cutoff tool etc..A kind of noodle processing device, is filled by knead dough as disclosed in patent application 201510377409.X It sets and flows into the fabric after stirring in pre- groove by noodle device discharge port, through rolling the extruding of two pairs of rollers in advance, generate two pieces of faces Cake;Two pieces of flour cakes are combined into one piece of flour cake by composite roll;Thin flour cake is obtained by the extruding of roll again;Using face knife Effect, by dough sheet cutting be cut into as defined in width long face.Long face after segmentation carries out cut-out work by cutoff tool, will grow Face cuts into defined length.
Due to containing a large amount of flour in noodles, and flour meets water and will produce agglomeration, the noodle device of the prior art The noodle device as disclosed in patent application 201621440445.2 is adulterated for pure fabric or wherein a small amount of auxiliary material and can be carried It is acted on for good mixing, still, when needing that other dispersed auxiliary materials are added in flour, due to flour sheet mentioned above Easy reunion is blocking in water for body, and other granulate excipients can be caused to be not easily accessible in the block of face, lead to the homogeneity mixed difference not Foot.
Solve above-mentioned technical problem a kind of technical solution be by the way that raw material is carried out separating dry space from moist space, it is first pre- to solid material After first being mixed, then will it is mixed after solid material stirred with liquid charging stock (water, milk, egg etc.), to improve dividing for raw material Dissipate homogeneity.Therefore, it is necessary to before noodle device be arranged an agitating device, by the granule materials after stirring evenly put into After in noodle device, then stirred with liquid material.
The patent of patent application 201720199323.7 discloses a kind of flour and efficiently mixes sieving equipment, has stirring mixed The function of closing and screen, is integrated being stirred with screening, saves space, reasonable in design, is equipped on agitating shaft The arc paddle of setting symmetrical above and below, stirring range is wide, is stirred efficient, and since the first spring is arranged, arc stirs Leaf is mixed in whipping process, vibration is larger so that flour is not easy to be sticked on arc paddle, when the flour stirring in agitator tank is mixed It closes after a certain period of time, then opens manual ball valve, and pass through electric cabinet Vibration on Start-up machine so that mix sufficient flour and fall in sieve On, it is sieved, mixing is more uniformly abundant in this way, while can also play good filtration.However, generally in food In processing, the amount of production is all larger, and above-mentioned flour efficiently mixes sieving equipment and uses the installation arc stirrer paddle in agitator tank It is stirred, if agitator tank setting is too small, production efficiency is low, if agitator tank setting is excessive, only relies on arc stirrer paddle Stirring action be difficult to be uniformly mixed each powder.
The patent of patent application 201520766551.9 discloses a kind of flour material mixing machine, feeding mechanism two It is a, both sides at the top of mixing bunker are located at, different materials, such as flour and vegetable powder etc. can be respectively charged into, then by mixing It closes mechanism to be mixed, the stirring blade in mixed organization is three groups, and is respectively distributed to the upper, middle and lower portion of stirring rod, can be with Flour is adequately mixed, mixed flour is fallen on from the discharge port of mixing bunker on sieve, then enters vibration through sieve In sieve, because of the vibration of vibrating screen, the flour mixture on sieve is fallen on after sieve sieve is opened, is entered inside vibrating screen easily, Secondary uniform mixes under the action of the sieve, and becomes looser, is convenient for later stage knead dough;However, its feeding mechanism uses spiral shell Revolve propulsion device, during charging, due to the extruding of storeroom so that it is more closely knit between powder, into mixing bunker after make Mixing is difficult between obtaining each raw material, is easy caking, influences mixed effect;Although it is stirred by the way that multigroup stirring blade, raising is arranged Mix mixed effect, but when mixing bunker is excessive, also act on it is limited, and can not solve the problems, such as powder lump, influence subsequent life Production processing.
Invention content
The present invention is exactly set in view of the deficienciess of the prior art, providing a kind of corn processing for agricultural machinery It is standby.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of maize flour plant-scale equipment, the equipment include the corn ear set gradually after by elder generation by processing flow sequence Processing unit (plant), niblet grinding device, mixing apparatus of powdery row material;Corn ear processing unit (plant) is used to carry out threshing to corn ear, obtains Corncob and niblet, for being crushed to niblet, mixing apparatus of powdery row material is used for corn flour knead dough crush maize device Powder is mixed;
Corn ear processing unit (plant) includes feeding unit and processing unit;Feeding unit includes steering mechanism and track separation mechanism; Steering mechanism is used for transmission corn ear, and it is consistent with transmission direction that corn ear overturn the axial direction to corn ear in transmission process; Track separation mechanism and steering mechanism's tandem array, track separation mechanism is used to corn ear being divided into two-way up and down, and is fed down into work sheet In member;It processes unit to be used to carry out threshing to corn ear, and screening process is carried out to niblet;
Crush maize device includes particle unit, drying unit and feed back unit successively by processing flow sequence;Particle list For member for crushing processing to niblet, particle unit includes particle case;Drying unit to corn flour for being dried place Reason, feed back unit are sent into for the corn flour larger to granularity in fragmentation cell, and second-time breakage processing is carried out;
Feed back unit includes feed back case, feed back sieve and feed back actuating unit;Feed back case includes left plate and right plate, is returned The both ends of material screen net are arranged respectively close to left plate and right plate, and the mesh diameter of feed back sieve is straight less than the mesh of particle sieve Diameter;Slidably connect left slider and right sliding block on left plate and right plate respectively, the glide direction of left slider and right sliding block is perpendicular Histogram is to left slider and right sliding block are connect by spring with feed back sieve;Feed back actuating unit includes feed back motor, feed back silk Bar, left gear, right gear, connecting rod;Feed back lead screw is horizontally disposed, and both ends are rotatably connected on left plate and right plate respectively, Feed back screw both end is located on the outside of left plate and right plate, and feed back lead screw can be by feed back motor-driven rotation;Left gear and Right gear is set in the both ends of feed back lead screw, and being pivotally connected on left gear and right gear has connecting rod, connecting rod and left gear Junction be located on the outside of the center line of left gear, the junction of connecting rod and right gear is located at the center line outside of right gear, two One end of a connecting rod is respectively and movably connected on left slider and right sliding block;Mode is also connected through a screw thread on feed back lead screw to be connected with Feed back screw, feed back screw are located in feed back case, pipe clamp are connected on feed back screw, pipe clamp is for fixing feed back pipe, feed back pipe It is made of elastic deformation material, the import of feed back pipe is located in feed back case, and above feed back sieve, the outlet of feed back pipe In particle case, and between particle sieve and bin gate, feed back vacuum pump is connected on feed back pipe;
The batch mixing upper cover on batch mixing tank body is closed including batch mixing tank body and lid, it is characterised in that:In the cavity of batch mixing tank body It is disposed with the first batch mixing sieve flitch, the first mixing chamber, the second batch mixing sieve flitch, crushing/mixing one room from top to down, mixes It is additionally provided in batch can body and sequentially passes through crushing/mixing one room from bottom to top, the second batch mixing sieves flitch and it is mixed to stretch to first Close the batch mixing shaft of room;
Two charging warehouses are installed on batch mixing on lid, feeds and feeding motor, feeding warehouse indoor location is installed in warehouse There are screw feeding bar, feeding motor to be connected with screw feeding bar, the bottom for feeding warehouse is equipped with the first material-spraying device;First spray Material device includes material separating disc, and material separating disc is the cylindrical shape of upper end opening, material separating disc and charging warehouse rotatable connection, screw feeding bar Bottom end be fixedly connected with material separating disc, material separating disc with charging warehouse be connected to, the lower part of material separating disc is equipped with several stuff-spraying pipes, material spray Bar is obliquely installed, and the angle of material spray bar and vertical direction is 30-45 °;
First batch mixing sieves flitch and the second batch mixing sieve flitch is all reverse V-shaped structure, and the first batch mixing sieves the both sides difference of flitch Positioned at the lower part of two charging warehouses, batch mixing tank body is stretched out at the both ends that the first batch mixing sieves flitch, and the first batch mixing sieves flitch both ends Lower part is both provided with splicing storehouse;
First mixing chamber includes the rotating room of upper end opening, and the top of batch mixing shaft and the bottom centre of rotating room, which are fixed, to be connected It connects, several points of isolation boards is installed in rotating room, rotating room is divided into the identical point of mixing of several sizes by several points of isolation boards Room is divided and is equipped with stirring rod in mixing chamber, and the first stirrer paddle is equipped on stirring rod;
Divide the lower part of mixing chamber that the second material-spraying device is installed, the second material-spraying device point mixing chamber corresponding with its is connected to, Second material-spraying device and the first material-spraying device structure are identical;
Second batch mixing sieve flitch is located at the lower part of the second material-spraying device, and mixing tank is stretched out at the both ends that the second batch mixing sieves flitch The lower part of body, the second batch mixing sieve flitch both ends is both provided with the first grinding device, is installed between splicing storehouse and the first grinding device Materail tube is sent, materail tube is installed out on the first grinding device, goes out materail tube and is connected to crushing/mixing one room;
In crushing/mixing, integrally indoor part is equipped with several second stirrer paddles, crushing/mixing one to batch mixing shaft Indoor location has the second grinding device, the second grinding device to be located at the lower part of the second stirrer paddle, and the second grinding device includes upper The rotating disk and fixed underpan of lower setting, fixed underpan are fixed on batch mixing tank body, and fixed underpan centrally through bearing and Batch mixing shaft connects, and the center of rotating disk is fixed in batch mixing shaft, and mutual cooperation is provided between fixed underpan and rotating disk Crushing block.
Preferably, processing unit includes main box, separating mechanism and screening mechanism, main box tool there are two feed inlet, into Material mouth is located at the lower section of track separation mechanism, and separating mechanism includes the more grain threshing rollers for carrying out threshing to corn, from top to bottom, is taken off The horizontal sectional area of grain roller gradually increases, and two and the one-to-one threshing channel of feed inlet are enclosed between grain threshing roller, takes off Grain roller is driven by the first transmission mechanism by threshing motor and is rotated;Screening mechanism includes upper Screening Network and lower Screening Network;Upper screening Net is obliquely installed, and close to the corncob discharge port of main box, the niblet discharge port of main box is located at for the lower end of upper Screening Network Between upper Screening Network and lower Screening Network, lower Screening Network is driven by the second transmission mechanism by threshing motor and is moved up and down.
Preferably, steering mechanism includes the first conveyer belt, at least two pairs of guidance sets, third guide part;Guidance set edge The direction of transfer of first conveyer belt horizontal arrangement successively, each guidance set include the first guide part and the second guide part, the The front end of one guide part and the front end of the second guide part are separately positioned on the both sides of the first conveyer belt, the rear end of the first guide part and The rear end of second guide part is arranged at the top of the first conveyer belt, the rear end of the rear end of the second guide part with respect to the first guide part Close to the first conveyer belt rear end, be formed between the first guide part and the second guide part for corn ear by opening;Third The front end of guide part is arranged close to the rear end of guidance set, the direction of transfer of the length direction of third guide part and the first conveyer belt Unanimously, the rear end of third guide part is close to the front end of track separation mechanism.
Preferably, track separation mechanism includes mutually matched first turnover panel and the second turnover panel, the first turnover panel and the second turnover panel Length direction is consistent with the direction of transfer of the first conveyer belt, and the first turnover panel and the second turnover panel can be driven by shunting driving mechanism and be carried out The front end of flip-flop movement, the first turnover panel and the second turnover panel is close to the rear end of the first conveyer belt, and the movement row in corn ear Cheng Shang;Track separation mechanism further includes third conveyer belt and the 4th conveyer belt, and the front end of third conveyer belt is close to the first turnover panel and second The rear end of turnover panel rear end, third conveyer belt is connected with sliding way, and the rear end of sliding way stretches in one of feed inlet;4th The front end of conveyer belt is located at the underface of the first turnover panel and the second turnover panel, and the rear end of the 4th conveyer belt is connected with glide path, glides The rear end in road stretches in another feed inlet;Shunting driving mechanism includes lifting cylinder, lifter plate, the 5th conveyer belt and Six conveyer belts, the 5th conveyer belt and the 6th conveyer belt are installed on the both sides of lifter plate respectively, and lifter plate is driven by lifting cylinder Lower movement;The upper end of 5th conveyer belt and the 6th conveyer belt is connected on the first runner and the second runner, the first runner and Second runner is connected in two parallel shafts of axis, and the first turnover panel and the second turnover panel are set in two shafts On.
Preferably, partition board is equipped in main box, main box is divided into threshing chamber and sieve compartment, partition board by partition board from top to bottom On offer two through-holes of connection threshing chamber and sieve compartment, through-hole is corresponding with the gating location of main box;Separating mechanism packet Include four grain threshing rollers;The upper and lower end of four grain threshing rollers is rotatably connected on by roll shaft and bearing on main box and partition board respectively, is taken off The periphery of grain roller is formed with threshing tooth, and the line of centres of four grain threshing rollers assumes diamond in shape, and center line line takes off in three of equilateral triangle It is enclosed threshing channel between grain roller, threshing channel is connected to the through-hole of the feed inlet of main box and partition board;Grain threshing roller The roll shaft of lower end is pierced by partition board and stretches in sieve compartment vertically, the first transmission mechanism include roll shaft gear, the first driven wheel and Driving wheel, roll shaft gear set are connected between the lower end of roll shaft, roll shaft gear by gear drive;First driven wheel is sleeved on It is connected by chain or belt transmission between the lower end periphery of outermost roll shaft, the first driven wheel and driving wheel, driving wheel It is sleeved on the output shaft periphery of threshing motor;The roll shaft of grain threshing roller lower end is pierced by partition board and stretches in sieve compartment vertically, and first Transmission mechanism includes roll shaft gear, the first driven wheel and driving wheel, and roll shaft gear set is between the lower end of roll shaft, roll shaft gear It is connected by gear drive;First driven wheel is sleeved on the lower end periphery positioned at outermost roll shaft, the first driven wheel and driving wheel Between connected by chain or belt transmission, driving wheel is sleeved on the output shaft periphery of threshing motor;Second transmission mechanism includes Transmission shaft, two turntables, two connecting rods and two sliding blocks;Transmission shaft is horizontally disposed, is rotatablely connected between main box, is driven The both ends of axis are located at main box both sides, and driven wheel of differential is set on the transmission shaft on the outside of main box, from mantle tooth Wheel is engaged with drive bevel gear, and drive bevel gear is sleeved on the output shaft periphery of threshing motor;Two turntables are connected to biography The both ends of moving axis;Two connecting rods are pivotally connected in respectively on two turntables, and the junction of connecting rod and turntable is located at the axis of turntable Outside;There is sieve compartment the sliding slot slided in the vertical direction for sliding block, sliding block to be located in sliding slot, and sliding block side deviates from connecting rod One end of turntable is flexibly connected, and lower Screening Network is by being connected on sliding block.
Preferably, particle unit further includes particle case, shaft, the impurity removal mechanism being arranged in particle case, upper particle mechanism With lower particle mechanism;Upper particle mechanism includes particle sieve and upper particle sawtooth component;Particle sieve is arranged under upper stock guide Side, bull screen offer the lower insert port being inserted vertically into for shaft on the net;Shaft one end is located on the outside of particle case, the shaft other end It extends downwardly, and passes sequentially through insert port, middle insert port and lower insert port, spindle portion can be limited in particle sieve and broken In space between hopper bottom wall;Upper particle sawtooth component includes multiple upper sawtooth arranged from top to bottom;Lower particle mechanism packet Multiple lower sawtooth arranged from top to bottom are included, lower sawtooth, upper sawtooth are sleeved on shaft periphery;It is driven in elevating mechanism and drives position When the upper sawtooth of bottom is close to particle sieve, it is located at the lower sawtooth of bottom close to bin gate;Particle bottom portion is formed with storage Hydroecium, reservoir chamber are located at below bin gate, are equipped with the lower stock guide being obliquely installed in reservoir chamber, the higher-end of lower stock guide relative to Its lower end is close to the junction of bin gate and particle actuating unit;Under natural conditions, bin gate is in horizontality, and bin gate is in water Projection in plane is overlapped with the projection section of lower stock guide in the horizontal plane;It is formed between lower stock guide and reservoir chamber side wall There is water out and material to export for guide chamber, guide chamber bottom, and solenoid valve is equipped in water out and material outlet;Particle unit also wraps Include elevator pump and filtered water tank;The water inlet of elevator pump stretches to reservoir chamber bottom by pipeline, and the water outlet of elevator pump passes through pipe Road stretches in filtered water tank;For filtered water tank tool there are two water outlet, two water outlets of filtered water tank are connected separately with upper water-out pipe And lower discharging tube, the water outlet of upper water-out pipe stretch in the space between stock guide and particle sieve, lower discharging tube goes out Water end (W.E.) is arranged close to the free end of bin gate;Transport mechanism is equipped with below guide chamber, transport mechanism includes conveyer belt, the beginning of conveyer belt End is located at positioned at the material outlet lower section of guide chamber, the terminal of conveyer belt on the outside of particle case;Conveyer belt by material outlet for will be fallen Material be delivered in drying unit.
Preferably, be additionally provided with separating plate in the reservoir chamber, the separating plate is in inverted "L" shape, the separating plate with it is described Clear water chamber is cooperatively formed between the side wall and bottom wall of reservoir chamber, the water inlet of the elevator pump stretches to described clear by pipeline In water cavity, the separating plate engaging has penetratingly offers the mesh flowed into for liquid on filter screen or the separating plate.
Preferably, first grinding device includes crushing bin, and there are two mutually matched powder for installation in the crushing bin Broken roller is fitted with crushing shaft on described two pulverization rollers, is equipped with crushing motor on one of crushing shaft, and described two It is fitted with driving cog on a crushing shaft, passes through the ratcheting drive connection of conventional tooth between described two crushing shafts.
Preferably, the bottom edge of the charging warehouse protrudes outward to form protrusion, point of first material-spraying device It is provided with the interconnecting piece coordinated with protrusion on charging tray, semicircle sliding block is provided on the interconnecting piece, is set on the protrusion It is equipped with the sliding slot with semicircle sliding block cooperation.
Preferably, the pedestal is equipped with two fixed plate bodies being oppositely arranged in two side position of holding tank, described two Mutually matched mounting hole is both provided on fixed plate body and universal wheel.
Compared with prior art, implementation result of the invention is as follows by the present invention:
The present invention mixes the threshing of corn ear, the screening of niblet with crushing, the crushing of corncob, corn flour and flour Etc. processes closely link together, the processing of maize flour is realized by streamlined operation, process continuity is strong, each road work Being completely embedded between sequence, product process-cycle are short.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the flow diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the feeding unit of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the processing unit of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is that shunting driving mechanism faces structural schematic diagram under state.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram under the driving mechanism vertical view state of shunting.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of third material guiding parts.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of lifter plate.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of grain threshing roller.
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of the first transmission mechanism, the second transmission mechanism and third transmission mechanism.
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of part where lower Screening Network.
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of part where transmission shaft.
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of crush maize device of the present invention.
Figure 13 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of embodiment of blanking actuating unit of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram of blanking actuating unit another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 15 is the structural schematic diagram when discharge port of particle case of the present invention opens wide.
Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram of filtered water tank of the present invention, reservoir chamber and part where particle case.
Figure 17 is the structural schematic diagram of part where drying unit and particle unit of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the structural schematic diagram of feeding unit of the present invention.
Figure 19 is the structural schematic diagram of part where feed back unit and particle case of the present invention.
Figure 20 is the structural schematic diagram of feed back unit of the present invention.
Figure 21 is the structural schematic diagram of mixing apparatus of powdery row material in the present invention.
Figure 22 is the structural schematic diagram of pedestal in the present invention.
Figure 23 is the structural schematic diagram under pedestal mobile status in the present invention.
Figure 24 is the structural schematic diagram under splicing storehouse and the first material-spraying device connection status in the present invention.
Figure 25 is the vertical view of rotating room in the present invention.
Figure 26 is the structural schematic diagram of the first grinding device in the present invention.
Figure 27 is the structural schematic diagram of the first mixing chamber in the present invention.
Figure 28 is structural schematic diagram of the fixed underpan under vertical view state in the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment discloses a kind of maize flour production and processing system, from front to back successively according to technological process Including corn ear processing unit (plant), niblet grinding device, mixing apparatus of powdery row material.
As shown in Fig. 2, corn ear processing unit (plant) includes feeding unit and processing unit;Feeding unit include steering mechanism and Track separation mechanism;Steering mechanism is used for transmission corn ear, overturns corn ear to the axial direction of corn ear and transmission in transmission process Direction is consistent;Track separation mechanism and transmission mechanism tandem array, track separation mechanism is used to corn ear being divided into two-way up and down, and send downwards Enter to process in unit.
As shown in figure 3, processing unit includes main box 113, separating mechanism and screening mechanism, there are two the tools of main box 113 Feed inlet 1131, feed inlet 1131 are located at the lower section of track separation mechanism, and separating mechanism includes more for carrying out threshing to corn Grain threshing roller 121, from top to bottom, the horizontal sectional area of grain threshing roller 121 gradually increase, be enclosed between grain threshing roller 121 two with 1131 one-to-one threshing channel of feed inlet, grain threshing roller 121 are driven by the first transmission mechanism by threshing motor 122 and are rotated.
As shown in figure 3, screening mechanism includes upper Screening Network 132 and lower Screening Network 131;Upper Screening Network 132 is obliquely installed, on For the lower end of Screening Network 132 close to the corncob discharge port of main box 113, the niblet discharge port of main box 113 is located at upper sieve Between subnetting 132 and lower Screening Network 131, lower Screening Network 131 drives fortune up and down by threshing motor 122 by the second transmission mechanism It is dynamic.
As shown in figure 12, crush maize device includes particle unit, drying unit and feed back successively by processing flow sequence Unit.Particle unit include particle case 11, shaft 24, the impurity removal mechanism being arranged in particle case 11, upper particle mechanism and under it is broken Expect mechanism.11 top of particle case has feed inlet, the upper insert port for being inserted vertically into for shaft 24, and 11 bottom of particle case has Discharge port.Discharge outlet is hinged with bin gate 13, and bin gate 13 is used to close the discharge port of particle case 11, bin gate 13 and blanking engine Structure connects, and can be driven by blanking actuating unit and carry out flip-flop movement.Impurity removal mechanism includes upper stock guide 29,59 and of wind sector Tuyere 28.Upper stock guide 29 is inclined in particle case 11, is offered on upper stock guide 29 in being inserted vertically into for shaft 24 The higher-end of insert port, upper stock guide 29 is located at one side-lower of feed inlet of particle case 11.Wind sector 59 passes through with tuyere 28 Pipeline connects, for conveying air.Tuyere 28 is located at below the feed inlet other side of particle case 11, and positioned at upper stock guide 29 Top.Particle unit further includes lifting cylinder 21, particle motor 22 and loading plate 23.Lifting cylinder 21 connects with the driving of loading plate 23 It connects, and loading plate 23 can be driven to move up and down.Shaft 24 is rotatably connected on loading plate 23, and is supported by loading plate 23, The output axis connection of shaft 24 and particle motor 22, and can be driven and be rotated by particle motor 22.Upper particle mechanism includes bull screen Net 25 and upper particle sawtooth component.Particle sieve 25 is arranged below upper stock guide, is offered on particle sieve 25 for shaft 24 The lower insert port being inserted vertically into.24 one end of shaft is located at 11 outside of particle case, and 24 other end of shaft extends downwardly, and passes sequentially through Upper insert port, middle insert port and lower insert port, 24 part of shaft can be limited between 11 bottom wall of particle sieve 25 and particle case Space in.Upper particle sawtooth component includes multiple upper sawtooth 26 arranged from top to bottom.Lower particle mechanism includes multiple from upper And the lower sawtooth 27 of lower arrangement, lower sawtooth 27, upper sawtooth 26 are sleeved on 24 periphery of shaft.It drives and is located in elevating mechanism driving When the upper sawtooth 26 of bottom is close to particle sieve 25, it is located at the lower sawtooth 27 of bottom close to bin gate 13.11 bottom of particle case Be formed with reservoir chamber 30, reservoir chamber 30 is located at 13 lower section of bin gate, and the lower stock guide 31 being obliquely installed is equipped in reservoir chamber 30, under lead The higher-end of flitch 31 is relative to its lower end close to the junction of bin gate 13 and particle actuating unit.Under natural conditions, bin gate 13 are in horizontality, and the projection of bin gate 13 in the horizontal plane is overlapped with the projection section of lower stock guide 31 in the horizontal plane. Guide chamber is formed between 30 side wall of lower stock guide 31 and reservoir chamber, guide chamber bottom has water out 32 and material outlet 33, water It is equipped with solenoid valve in outlet 32 and material outlet 33.Particle unit further includes elevator pump 35 and filtered water tank 36.Elevator pump 35 into The mouth of a river stretches to 30 bottom of reservoir chamber by pipeline, and the water outlet of elevator pump 35 is stretched to by pipeline in filtered water tank 36.Clear water For the tool of case 36 there are two water outlet, two water outlets of filtered water tank 36 are connected separately with upper water-out pipe and lower discharging tube, upper water-out The water outlet of pipe stretches in the space between stock guide 29 and particle sieve 25, and the water outlet of lower discharging tube is close to bin gate 13 Free end setting.Transport mechanism is equipped with below guide chamber, transport mechanism includes conveyer belt 40, and the beginning of conveyer belt 40, which is located at, leads Expect that 33 lower section of material outlet of chamber, the terminal of conveyer belt 40 are located at 11 outside of particle case.Conveyer belt 40 by material outlet 33 for will be fallen Under material be delivered in drying unit.Drying unit to the material after crushing for being dried processing.For agricultural production Crush maize device further include feed mechanism, the material after feed mechanism is used to dry is sent into feed back unit.As Figure 19, Shown in 20, feed back unit includes feed back case 41, feed back sieve 42 and feed back actuating unit.Feed back case 41 includes left plate and right side The both ends of plate, feed back sieve 42 are arranged respectively close to left plate and right plate, and the mesh diameter of feed back sieve 42 is less than bull screen The mesh diameter of net 25.Left slider 56 and right sliding block 57, left slider 56 and the right side are slidably connected on left plate and right plate respectively The glide direction of sliding block 57 is vertical direction, and left slider 56 and right sliding block 57 are connect by spring 58 with feed back sieve 42.It returns Expect that actuating unit includes feed back motor 48, feed back lead screw 50, left gear 53, right gear 54, connecting rod 55.50 level of feed back lead screw is set It sets, both ends are rotatably connected on left plate and right plate respectively, and 50 both ends of feed back lead screw are located at left plate and right plate Outside, feed back lead screw 50 can be driven by feed back motor 48 and be rotated.Left gear 53 and right gear 54 are set in feed back lead screw 50 Both ends, connecting rod 55 is pivotally connected on left gear 53 and right gear 54, connecting rod 55 and the junction of left gear 53 are located at left tooth On the outside of the center line of wheel 53, the junction of connecting rod 55 and right gear 54 is located on the outside of the center line of right gear 54, two connecting rods 55 One end be respectively and movably connected on left slider 56 and right sliding block 57.Mode is also connected through a screw thread on feed back lead screw 50 to be connected with Feed back screw 51, feed back screw 51 are located in feed back case 41, pipe clamp 52 are connected on feed back screw 51, pipe clamp 52 is for fixing back Expects pipe 43, feed back pipe 43 are made of elastic deformation material, and the import of feed back pipe 43 is located in feed back case 41, and are sieved positioned at feed back 42 top of net, the outlet of feed back pipe 43 are located in particle case 11, and between particle sieve 25 and bin gate 13, on feed back pipe 43 It is connected with feed back vacuum pump 44.
As shown in figure 21, mixing apparatus of powdery row material includes that batch mixing tank body 61 and lid close the batch mixing upper cover on batch mixing tank body 61 62, the first batch mixing sieve flitch 63, the first mixing chamber 64, the second batch mixing are disposed in the cavity of batch mixing tank body 61 from top to down Flitch 65, crushing/mixing one room 66 are sieved, is additionally provided in batch mixing tank body 61 and sequentially passes through crushing/mixing one from bottom to top Room 66, the second batch mixing sieve flitch 65 and the batch mixing shaft 67 for stretching to the first mixing chamber 64.
Installation feeds there are two warehouse 621 is fed and is equipped with feeding motor 622 in warehouse 621, feed in batch mixing upper cover 62 Screw feeding bar 623 is installed, feeding motor 622 and screw feeding bar 623 connect, and feed the bottom of warehouse 621 in warehouse 621 First material-spraying device 624 is installed.As shown in figure 4, the first material-spraying device 624 includes material separating disc 6241, material separating disc 6241 is upper The cylindrical shape of end opening, material separating disc 6241 and charging warehouse 621 are rotatably connected, the bottom end of screw feeding bar 623 and material separating disc 6241 are fixedly connected, and material separating disc 6241 is connected to charging warehouse 621, and the lower part of material separating disc 6241 is equipped with several stuff-spraying pipes 6242, material spray bar 242 is obliquely installed, and the angle of material spray bar 242 and vertical direction is 30-45 °, and the first batch mixing sieves 63 He of flitch It is reverse V-shaped structure that second batch mixing, which sieves flitch 65 all, and the both sides of the first batch mixing sieve flitch 63 are located at two and feed warehouse 621 Batch mixing tank body 61 is stretched out at lower part, the both ends that the first batch mixing sieves flitch 63, and the lower part at 63 both ends of the first batch mixing sieve flitch is both provided with Splicing storehouse 631.As shown in Figure 27,28, the first mixing chamber 64 includes the rotating room 641 of upper end opening, the top of batch mixing shaft 67 It is fixedly connected with the bottom centre of rotating room 641, several points of isolation boards 642, several points of isolation boards is installed in rotating room 641 Rotating room 641 is divided into identical point of mixing chamber 643 of several sizes by 642, is divided in mixing chamber 643 and is equipped with stirring rod 644, stirs It mixes and the first stirrer paddle 645 is installed on bar 644, divide the lower part of mixing chamber 643 that second material-spraying device 646, the second spray are installed Material corresponding with its point of mixing chamber 643 of device 646 is connected to, and the second material-spraying device 646 is identical with 624 structure of the first material-spraying device. Second batch mixing sieve flitch 65 is located at the lower part of the second material-spraying device 646, and batch mixing tank body is stretched out at the both ends that the second batch mixing sieves flitch 65 61, the lower part at 65 both ends of the second batch mixing sieve flitch is both provided with the first grinding device 651, splicing storehouse 631 and the first grinding device Powder feeding expects pipe 632 is installed between 651, powder pipe 652 is installed out on the first grinding device 651, goes out powder pipe 652 and powder The integrated room 66 of broken/mixing is connected to.Part of the batch mixing shaft 67 in crushing/mixing one room 66 is equipped with several second agitating paddles Leaf 661 is equipped with the second grinding device in crushing/mixing one room 66, and the second grinding device is located at the second stirrer paddle 661 Lower part, the second grinding device include rotating disk 662 and fixed underpan 663 setting up and down, and fixed underpan 663 is fixed on mixing tank On body 61, and fixed underpan 663 is connected centrally through bearing 664 and batch mixing shaft 67, and the center of rotating disk 662 is fixed on mixed Expect in shaft 67, mutually matched crushing block 665 is provided between fixed underpan 663 and rotating disk 662.
For the present invention by feeding corn ear in steering mechanism, steering mechanism conveys corn ear, and is turned in transmission process Turning corn ear keeps the axis of corn ear consistent with conveying direction.Entered by the rear end of steering mechanism by inertia force in corn ear and is divided After road mechanism, corn ear is divided into two-way up and down by track separation mechanism, and is continued from two-way to processing unit feeding.Corn ear is by adding Two feed inlets 1131 of material unit respectively enter in the threshing channel that two are separated from each other, in the process that corn ear gradually falls In, grain threshing roller 121 rubs corn ear back and forth, and niblet is made to be effectively separated with corncob.Due to niblet and corncob Grain size gap is larger, niblet can into the space between supreme Screening Network 132 and lower Screening Network 131, and corncob then by every From on upper Screening Network 132, and discharge is carried out by corncob discharge port after by upper Screening Network 132.In threshing course, under Screening Network 131 persistently pumps, to disperse the niblet on lower Screening Network 131.It is entrained in niblet The impurity such as dust, scurf can be by the mesh of lower Screening Network 131 in 113 bottom deposit of main box.Niblet is opened by timing The valve of discharge outlet can realize the discharging of niblet.
After niblet enters particle case 11 by the hopper 12 being connected to the feed inlet of particle case 11, niblet is by gravity Gradually fall.In niblet dropping process, wind sector 59 is blowed by tuyere 28 towards niblet, and corn is entrained in The weight such as light impurities, dust in grain are smaller, and light impurities and dust can be blown to stock guide 29, and niblet then can be after It is continuous to fall, and be isolated on particle sieve 25.After niblet is supported by particle sieve 25, the sand that is entrained in niblet The mesh that gravel, rubble etc. can penetrate particle sieve 25 falls, and is constantly deposited on the bin gate of particle case 11 13.In this process In, clear water can be poured into particle case 11 by filtered water tank 36, niblet until being totally submerged by the amount of pouring into of clear water.Start Lifting cylinder 21, the driving of lifting cylinder 21 drives 26 opposite particle sieve 25 of upper sawtooth to be moved in vertical direction, until upper sawtooth 26 move to ullage.Start particle motor 22, the rotation of 22 drive shaft 24 of particle motor, the rotation of shaft 24 drives lower sawtooth 27 rotations.Clear water in the lower rotation of sawtooth 27 agitation particle case 11, niblet are moved with clear water, are attached to the miscellaneous of niblet surface Matter is detached from niblet, and is constantly deposited on the bin gate 13 of particle case 11 through particle sieve 25.
After niblet is immersed in the clear water predetermined time, is driven by blanking actuating unit and turned under bin gate 13, particle case 11 Discharge port open wide, rubble and water are fallen through discharge port whereabouts in reservoir chamber 30.The discharge port of particle case 11 opens wide pre- After fixing time, bin gate 13 is driven to reset by blanking actuating unit, the discharge port of particle case 11 is completely enclosed.Above process energy It is enough to emit the impurity such as rubble in time by particle case 11, it prevents the impurity such as rubble to be mixed into again in the corn flour after crushing, protects The quality of corn flour is demonstrate,proved.
After the impurity such as rubble are emitted by discharge port, it can also be sprayed towards bin gate 13 by filtered water tank 36 and outlet pipe Clear water is penetrated, after emitting the impurity such as rubble by discharge port, discharge outlet is driven in closed state by lifting cylinder 21 For sawtooth 26 close to broken sieve, lower sawtooth 27 drives upper sawtooth 26 close to bin gate 13, and by the driving of particle motor 22 in drive It is rotated with lower sawtooth 27.In 26 rotation process of upper sawtooth, upper sawtooth 26 carries out break process, niblet quilt to niblet After broken after certain grain size, niblet can penetrate particle sieve 25 and fall, and be acted on by second-time breakage by lower sawtooth 27 thereafter.Corn Grain be transformed by original graininess in the particle case 11 it is powdered, after break process process carries out the predetermined time, under Material actuating unit driving drives bin gate 13 to downwardly turn over, and the discharge port of particle case 11 is opened, corn flour along bin gate 13 gradually to Lower movement is collected in after being detached from bin gate 13 in the guide chamber that reservoir chamber 30 and lower stock guide 31 are formed.Close water out 32 The solenoid valve at place opens the solenoid valve at material outlet 33, and corn flour will be fallen by the material of guide chamber outlet 33 on conveyer belt 40, And, by drying unit, corn flour is by the desiccation of drying unit, moisture quilt thereon along 40 motion process of conveyer belt Effectively evaporate.The above process can effectively reduce the humidity of corn flour while realizing to corn flour fast blanking, extend Holding time of corn flour.In addition, before corn flour blanking, the solenoid valve at water out 32 is opened, the electricity at material outlet 33 Magnet valve is closed, and gravel, the rubble fallen by the discharge port of particle case 11 is fallen in above-mentioned guide chamber, and passes through the guide chamber Water out 32 is fallen in the bottom of reservoir chamber 30.This mode is ingenious in design, by a guide chamber can be realized impurity discharge and The function of corn flour blanking has accomplished the effective integration of the reasonably optimizing and function to the device product structure.Due to miscellaneous When matter discharge, by the inner wall for the clear water meeting continuous erosion guide chamber that bin gate 13 is fallen, free from admixture remains in guide chamber, further protects The degree of purity of corn flour is demonstrate,proved.
Above-mentioned drying process is completed after niblet is broken, and corn flour can be by dry in 40 motion process of conveyer belt Dry case 39 continues drying out process.Above-mentioned drying process is carried out at the same time with blanking process, relative to first cleaning the processing dried afterwards It is very big to reduce process time for mode, and shorten the production and processing period of corn flour.Further, since in blanking Corn flour is laid on conveyer belt 40 in journey, and the contact area of corn flour and drying unit is larger, and drying time is shorter, is done Dry effect is ideal.
Niblet can have a certain difference because being crushed insufficient grain size for leading to corn flour, if corn flour grain size is compared with conference The quality for the corn flour produced is influenced, therefore after the completion of drying, corn flour can be fed to feed back case 41 and carry out at sieving Reason.During sieving, feed back motor 48 drives feed back lead screw 50 to rotate, and the rotation of feed back lead screw 50 drives left gear 53 and right tooth 54 rotation of wheel, left gear 53 and right gear 54 drive left slider 56 and right sliding block 57 to exist by connecting rod 55 respectively in rotation process It moves reciprocatingly on vertical direction, left slider 56 and the movement of right sliding block 57 drive feed back sieve 42 to do reciprocal fortune in the vertical direction It is dynamic.Feed back sieve 42 during the motion effectively spreads out corn flour thereon, and large-sized corn flour can be isolated in On feed back sieve 42, the corn flour of small particle can penetrate feed back sieve 42 and fall and in the bottom deposit of feed back case 41.By upper The process of stating can quickly sort corn flour, and the corn Powder Particle Size after sieving is stablized in suitable range, corn flour Quality it is secure.While feed back lead screw 50 rotates and feed back sieve 42 is driven to pump, 51 edge of feed back screw It feed back lead screw 50 to move horizontally, pipe clamp 52 and feed back pipe 43 thereon do level of synchronization movement with feed back screw 51. When the corn powder content carried on feed back sieve 42 is larger, feed back vacuum pump 44 can be started, feed back vacuum pump 44 is by feed back sieve Corn flour feeding particle case 11 on 42, lower sawtooth 27 crushes corn flour processing again.
Mix stages are carried out in corn flour and flour, corn flour and flour are added separately in two charging warehouses 621, lead to The screw feeding bar 623 crossed in charging warehouse 621 send powder to the first material-spraying device 624, due to the bottom of screw feeding bar 623 Portion is fixedly connected with the material separating disc 6241 of the first material-spraying device 624, when feeding motor drives screw feeding bar 623 to rotate, spiral shell It revolves feeding rod 623 and drives the rotation of the first material-spraying device 624, the powder in material separating disc 6241 is made to be sprayed to the from stuff-spraying pipe 6242 One batch mixing sieves on flitch 63, and sieving processing is carried out on the first batch mixing sieve flitch 63, and thinner powder is straight by batch mixing sieve flitch Connect each point of mixing chamber for uniformly entering the first mixing chamber 64, divide in mixing chamber mixed for the first time after by the second material spray Device 646 is sprayed on the second batch mixing sieve flitch 65, and by screening, thinner powder enters crushing/mixing one room 66, and first Batch mixing sieves flitch 63 and the larger powder of the particle that screens out of the second batch mixing sieve flitch 65 is respectively fed to the crushing of splicing storehouse 631 and first Device 651, the powder in splicing storehouse 631 enters the first grinding device 651 by powder feeding expects pipe, in the first grinding device 651 It crushes, the powder after crushing enters crushing/mixing one room 66 by going out powder pipe, and the powder tentatively mixed is being crushed/mixed Unify and completes final mixing in body room 66.
There are following advantages by the present invention:Staff disposably will can need the corn ear processed to be placed in said program The front end of steering mechanism, in steering mechanism to during track separation mechanism feeding, steering mechanism can be by mixed and disorderly random arrangement Corn ear make in order, enable corn ear in an orderly manner by shunting unit enter processing unit in.Due to being not necessarily to staff's frequency Corn ear is placed numerously and adjusts the feedstock direction of corn ear, and the requirement to staff's amount of labour reduces, and greatly liberates The both hands of staff design more hommization.Further, since steering mechanism can turn over corn ear in transmit process It is axial consistent with direction of transfer to go to it, this allows for corn ear when entering processing unit by track separation mechanism, can be approximate In the threshing channel for perpendicularly entering into processing unit, coordinate with the arrangement in threshing channel, no threshing dead angle, nothing on corncob Niblet is remaining, and threshing is more abundant, and threshing efficiency is high.In addition, in threshing course, niblet and corncob also can be Free-falling under gravity, blanking process smooth can also carry out.Corn ear after making in order can be divided by track separation mechanism Lower two-way, and be respectively fed in two feed inlets 1131 of processing unit.The present invention is using multiple grain threshing rollers 121 simultaneously to two Corn ear carries out threshing, and for single corn rod threshing, threshing efficiency is significantly improved more multiple grain threshing rollers 121.This hair Bright to be fed simultaneously using two-way, after a threshing course, no charging stand-by period is connected between charging and threshing process Closely, the continuity of device is strong, and the entire process-cycle effectively shortens.The present invention is after the completion of threshing with regard to successively having carried out niblet It is detached with corncob and the separation of niblet and dust and scurf, eliminates the collection of follow-up niblet and remove general labourer Sequence, process-cycle are further shortened.Multiple grain threshing rollers 121 and lower Screening Network 131 in the present invention are all by threshing electricity The driving of machine 122 carries out corresponding actions, can drive multiple components simultaneously by a power source while move, this mode is realized To the rational Design on Plane of the apparatus structure, reduces demand of the device to power source quantity, reduce manufacturing cost and work Make difficulty when personnel's operation.Since before particle, light impurities and dust are separated with niblet, corn flour after being crushed Purity it is high, quality is secure.Since before implementing break process to niblet, niblet surface free from admixture remains, after being crushed Niblet it is more clean, sanitary.In addition, before niblet implements break process, the hard object such as rubble entered with niblet It is picked out, while product quality after promoting processing, can also avoid the hard object such as rubble and upper sawtooth 26 or lower saw Rigidity friction occurs between tooth 27, reduces the abrasion of sawtooth 26 or lower sawtooth 27, while ensureing sawtooth service life, Also contribute to the crushing efficiency for ensureing sawtooth to niblet.Clear water is rinsed bin gate 13, and free from admixture remains on bin gate 13, powder Corn powder purity after broken is high, further ensures the quality of corn flour.It can greatly by using the crumbling method of segmentation Improve crushing efficiency.When broken, lifting cylinder 21 can also drive the upper sawtooth 26 of drive and lower sawtooth 27 to carry out up and down Movement, can also be such that sawtooth is crushed to niblet on different height, crushing efficiency and crushing effect are equal in this way It increases.Since feed back pipe 43 is connected on feed back screw 51 by pipe clamp 52, when feed back screw 51 rotates, pipe clamp 52 can drive feed back pipe 43 to carry out horizontal movement, to which the corn flour on feed back sieve 42 is completely fed to particle case 11.It is logical Crossing the horizontal movement of pipe clamp 52 can make feed back pipe 43 siphon away the corn flour on feed back sieve 42, feed back on different level position The utilization rate of corn flour less residue on sieve 42, raw material is high.Feed back motor 48 at work its output shaft need to do it is positive and negative To alternate rotation, so that feed back screw 51 can drive pipe clamp 52 to move reciprocatingly in the horizontal direction, prevent because of feed back screw 51 it is stuck caused on feed back lead screw 50 feed back motor 48 damage.Due to pipe clamp 52, left slider 56 and right sliding block 57 by return Expect that the driving of motor 48 carries out corresponding actions, this mode is ingenious in design, reduces demand of the device to power source, is ensureing original Under the premise of expecting utilization rate and product quality, the cost of device can be effectively reduced, is conducive to marketing.Due in charging warehouse Screw feeding bar 623 is installed in 621, can prevent flour and corn flour from being blocked in charging warehouse 621.Due to feeding warehouse 621 Lower part install the first flusher, powder is sprayed away by the first flusher, changes traditional cutting mode, not only Discharging is more smooth, and the powder sprayed is also more loose, and subsequent powder is facilitated to mix, and improves mixing efficiency.Due to first mixed It closes room 64 and is divided into several points of mixing chambers, powder is uniformly distributed in the first mixing chamber 64 to each point of mixing chamber, is mixed at each point Interior is closed tentatively to be mixed, due to the segmentation of the first mixing chamber 64, solve mixing chamber it is larger when powder be difficult to be uniformly mixed The shortcomings that so that powder mixes evenly, it is easier to, and divide the lower part of mixing chamber that the second material-spraying device 646 is installed, can not only it prevent Only divide powder at mixing chamber to block, further make powder lot dispersing, facilitates powder mixing and subsequent processing.First batch mixing sieves The setting of flitch 63 and the second batch mixing sieve flitch 65, the powder of caking can be screened out, then carried out using the first grinding device 651 It crushes, the powder of caking is avoided to influence the mixed effect between powder.Finally, due to crush/mix the setting of integrated room 66 so that Agglomerated powders after crushing and the powder just mixed are finally mixed in crushing/mixing one room 66, reinforcing mixed effect, And the second grinding device is installed in crushing/mixing one room 66, powder caking is further avoided, subsequent processing is facilitated.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Fig. 2, the present embodiment and above-described embodiment include the first conveyer belt 102, extremely difference lies in, steering mechanism Few two pairs of guidance sets, third guide part 110;Guidance set along the first conveyer belt 102 direction of transfer horizontal arrangement successively, often A guidance set includes the first guide part 103 and the second guide part 104, the front end of the first guide part 103 and the second guide part 104 front end is separately positioned on the both sides of the first conveyer belt 102, behind the rear end of the first guide part 103 and the second guide part 104 End is arranged at the top of the first conveyer belt 102, and the rear end of the second guide part 104 is close with respect to the rear end of the first guide part 103 The rear end of first conveyer belt 102, be formed between the first guide part 103 and the second guide part 104 for corn ear by opening; The front end of third guide part 110 is arranged close to the rear end of guidance set, the length direction of third guide part 110 and the first conveyer belt 102 direction of transfer is consistent, and the rear end of third guide part 110 is close to the front end of track separation mechanism.
Corn ear can be first placed on the first conveyer belt 102 by staff, and corn ear carries out level with the first conveyer belt 102 Movement.Since the first guide part 103 and the second guide part 104 are located at the both sides of the first conveyer belt 102, the first conveyer belt Corn ear on 102 is by the guiding of the first guide part 103 and the second guide part 104.I.e.:In corn ear and the first guide part 103 or second guide part 104 when being in contact, the direction of motion of corn ear changes, and the direction of motion of part corn ear is by first Beginning direction is transformed into consistent with the length direction of the first guide part 103 or the second guide part 104.Pass through at least two in corn ear After guidance set, the direction of motion of corn ear is all transformed into consistent with the length direction of the second guide part 104.It is de- in corn ear After guidance set, corn ear is finally oriented to by third guide part 110, and the axial direction of corn ear will convert to and the first conveyer belt 102 direction of transfer is consistent.The above process can change the direction of motion of corn ear in a short time, pass through shunting in corn ear After mechanism, can near vertical enter main box 113 in, help to ensure that the threshing efficiency of corn ear and threshing effect Fruit.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Fig. 2, difference lies in the front side of the first conveyer belt 102 is equipped with second for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment Conveyer belt 101 or be obliquely installed and rear end close to 102 working face of the first conveyer belt feedboard;First guide part 103, second Guide part 104 and the plate-like structure of third guide part 110, the first guide part 103, the second guide part 104 and third guide part 110 lower end is rotatably connected to guidance tape 106, and is driven and rotated by guide motor 105, the working face of guidance tape 106 and the The working face of one conveyer belt 102 is perpendicular.
Before processing, first corn ear can be placed on the second conveyer belt 101 or feedboard, corn ear can be slowly toward First conveyer belt 102 is moved, this design can control charging rate on source.First guide part 103, the second guide part 104 and the guidance tape 106 of 110 lower end of third guide part connection can drive corn ear edge while being oriented to corn ear The length direction of guide part is moved, and prevents corn ear stuck in the first guide part 103 and the second guide part 104 and third On guide part 110, process is enable to be normally carried out.
Embodiment 4
As shown in Figure 2,4, difference lies in track separation mechanism includes mutually matched first for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment The transmission of the length direction and the first conveyer belt 102 of turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109, the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 Direction is consistent, and the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 can be driven by shunting driving mechanism and carry out flip-flop movement, the first turnover panel 108 The rear end of the first conveyer belt 102 is close to the front end of the second turnover panel 109, and in the movement travel in corn ear.Such as Fig. 2 and Shown in Fig. 5, track separation mechanism further includes third conveyer belt 111 and the 4th conveyer belt 120, and the front end of third conveyer belt 111 is close to The rear end of 109 rear end of one turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel, third conveyer belt 111 is connected with sliding way 112, the rear end of sliding way 112 Inclination stretches in one of feed inlet 1131;The front end of 4th conveyer belt 120 is located at the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel The rear end of 109 underface, the 4th conveyer belt 120 is connected with glide path 114, in addition the rear end of glide path 114, which tilts, to be stretched to In one feed inlet 1131.
After corn rod threshing turns to progress, corn ear can be firstly moved on the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109, The width of first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 and the diameter approximately equal with corn ear.To reduce the frequency of shunting driving mechanism Numerous action, to achieve the effect that energy saving and ensure shunting driving mechanism service life, the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 Length value can be N times of corn ear length value, N >=2.Enter the by the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 in corn ear On three conveyer belts 111, and after reaching certain amount, shunting driving mechanism drives and is turned under the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109, Corn ear on first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 is fallen by gravity on the 4th conveyer belt 120, and shunting drives thereafter Mechanism drives the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 to reset.Third conveyer belt 111 and the movement of the 4th conveyer belt 120 drive corn Stick carries out horizontal movement, and corn ear is made to be fed respectively by two of sliding way 112 and glide path 114 into main box 113 In mouth 1131.
Embodiment 5
As shown in Figure 4,5, difference lies in shunting driving mechanism includes lifting cylinder for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment 118, lifter plate 119, the 5th conveyer belt 115 and the 6th conveyer belt, the 5th conveyer belt 115 and the 6th conveyer belt are installed on liter respectively The both sides of plate 119 drop, and lifter plate 119 is driven by lifting cylinder 118 and moved up and down;5th conveyer belt 115 and the 6th conveyer belt Upper end is connected on the first runner 116 and the second runner 117, and the first runner 116 and the second runner 117 are connected to two In the parallel shaft of root axis, the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 are set in two shafts.
Lifting cylinder 118 can drive lifter plate 119 to move up and down, and the movement of lifter plate 119 makes 115 He of the 5th conveyer belt 6th conveyer belt rotates, and the 5th conveyer belt 115 and the rotation of the 6th conveyer belt make the first runner 116 and the second runner 117 rotate, and Drive the rotation of two shafts, while two shafts rotations, the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 flip-flop movement therewith.
It can make the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 simultaneously by the stretching motion of 118 piston end of lifting cylinder It overturns, the opening that the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 are formed can be such that corn ear falls naturally, to the 4th conveyer belt Feeding process on 120 is more smooth.In addition, 108 He of the first turnover panel under natural conditions can also be prevented by lifting cylinder 118 Second turnover panel 109 rotates so that the first turnover panel 108 and the second turnover panel 109 can effectively support corn ear, to Feeding process on three conveyer belts 111 is more smooth.
Embodiment 6
As shown in Fig. 3,8, the present embodiment and above-described embodiment difference lies in, partition board 123 is equipped in main box 113, every Main box 113 is divided into threshing chamber and sieve compartment by plate 123 from top to bottom, and connection threshing chamber and screening are offered on partition board 123 Two through-holes of room, through-hole are corresponding with 1131 position of feed inlet of main box 113;Separating mechanism includes four grain threshing rollers 121;Four The upper and lower end of root grain threshing roller 121 is rotatably connected on by roll shaft and bearing on main box 113 and partition board 123 respectively, grain threshing roller 121 periphery is formed with threshing tooth, and the line of centres of four grain threshing rollers 121 assumes diamond in shape, and center line line is in three of equilateral triangle Threshing channel has been enclosed between grain threshing roller 121, the feed inlet 1131 and partition board 123 of threshing channel and main box 113 Through-hole is connected to.
The shape and connection and reasonable arrangement of grain threshing roller 121 in this programme, the utilization of grain threshing roller 121 is abundant, in production process The quantity of required grain threshing roller 121 is few, and the manufacturing cost of device is low.
As shown in Fig. 3,9, as a preferred option, the roll shaft of 121 lower end of grain threshing roller is pierced by partition board 123 and stretches to vertically In sieve compartment, the first transmission mechanism includes roll shaft gear 126, the first driven wheel 125 and driving wheel 124, and roll shaft gear 126 is set with It is connected by gear drive between the lower end of roll shaft, roll shaft gear 126;First driven wheel 125 is sleeved on positioned at outermost side roller The lower end periphery of axis is connected between the first driven wheel 125 and driving wheel 124 by chain or belt transmission, and driving wheel 124 is set with In the output shaft periphery of threshing motor 122.
Roll shaft in said program is supported by partition board 123, in the output shaft rotation of threshing motor 122, threshing motor 122 It is transferred power on roll shaft by driving wheel 124 and driven wheel, by gear drive between roll shaft, to drive grain threshing roller 121 are rotated.
Embodiment 7
As shown in Fig. 3,10, difference lies in the second transmission mechanism includes transmission shaft for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment 127, two turntables, 128, two connecting rods 129 and two sliding blocks 130;Transmission shaft 127 is horizontally disposed, between main box 113 Rotation connection, the both ends of transmission shaft 127 are located at 113 both sides of main box, are located on the transmission shaft 127 in 113 outside of main box It is set with driven wheel of differential, driven wheel of differential is engaged with drive bevel gear, and drive bevel gear is sleeved on the output of threshing motor 122 Axis periphery;Two turntables 128 are connected to the both ends of transmission shaft 127;Two connecting rods 129 are pivotally connected in two turntables respectively On 128, the junction of connecting rod 129 and turntable 128 is located on the outside of the axis of turntable 128;Sieve compartment has for sliding block 130 vertical The sliding slot of square upward sliding, sliding block 130 are located in sliding slot, and 130 side of sliding block is with connecting rod 129 away from the activity of one end of turntable 128 Connection, lower Screening Network 131 is by being connected on sliding block 130.
In the output shaft rotation of threshing motor 122, threshing motor 122 is driven by drive bevel gear and driven wheel of differential Transmission shaft 127 rotates, and transmission shaft 127 drives sliding block 130 to move back and forth in the vertical direction by turntable 128 and connecting rod 129, from And lower Screening Network 131 is driven to move back and forth in the vertical direction, to disperse niblet, and then realize at the screening to niblet Reason.
As shown in figure 11, it is further sleeved with sheath 1132 in the periphery of transmission shaft 127, between sheath 1132 and transmission shaft 127 With gap, sheath 1132 is in hollow tubular, and 1132 both ends of sheath are each attached on the inner wall of main box 113.Above-mentioned design energy It prevents from niblet from getting rid of because contacting with transmission shaft 172 to fall on the inner wall of main box 113, helps to ensure that the complete of niblet Property, and can also play a protective role to transmission shaft 127, so that 127 long-time stable of transmission shaft is rotated.
Embodiment 8
As shown in figure 3, difference lies in the corn ear processing unit (plant) further includes time babinet for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment 136, secondary babinet 136 is connected to the niblet core discharge port of main box 113 by feed pipe 138, is equipped with and is used in secondary babinet 136 Broken broken sawtooth 137 is carried out to niblet core, broken sawtooth 137 is driven by threshing motor 122 by third transmission mechanism Rotation;Third transmission mechanism includes the second driven wheel 133 and vertical shaft 135, and vertical shaft 135 is vertically arranged, and between secondary babinet 136 Rotation connection, broken sawtooth 137 are sleeved on 135 lower end of vertical shaft, and 135 part of vertical shaft is located at 136 outside of time babinet, the second driven wheel 133 are sleeved on 135 upper end of vertical shaft, are connected by chain or belt transmission between the second driven wheel 133 and driving wheel 124.
The niblet core generated by threshing process can enter time babinet by niblet core discharge port and feed pipe 138 In 136.While threshing motor 122 drives the rotation of grain threshing roller 121 and lower Screening Network 131 to pump, threshing electricity Machine 122 also drives vertical shaft 135 to rotate by driving wheel 124 and the second driven wheel 133, and the rotation of vertical shaft 135, which drives, is crushed sawtooth 137 Rotation, broken sawtooth 137 are crushed niblet core in rotation process, and obtained niblet core powder can use planting edible mushroom Raw material, pannage in industry etc. improve Economic Value Added to realize efficiently using for niblet core.To corn The broken of grain core is also to be completed by the driving of threshing motor 122, i.e., while threshing course carries out, niblet core it is broken also same Step carries out, and contributes to the process-cycle for shortening entire niblet stick;In addition under the premise of ensureing to niblet core crushing effect, Above-mentioned setting further reduces difficulty when manufacturing cost and staff's operation.
Embodiment 9
As shown in fig. 7, difference lies in lifter plate 119 includes the fixation positioned at middle part for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment Plate 1191 and the movable plate 1192 for being located at 1191 both sides of fixed plate, the 5th conveyer belt 115 and the 6th conveyer belt respectively by It limits in the clearance space between two pieces of movable plates 1192 and fixed plate 1191, leads between movable plate 1192 and fixed plate 1191 Bolt 1193 is crossed to be fixedly connected;1192 side of movable plate is connected with projections/grooves, and 1191 side of fixed plate is connected with and movable plate The groove/land of protrusion/fit depressions on 1192.
The distance between fixed plate 1191 and movable plate 1192 can be adjusted by bolt 1193, to ensure the 5th conveyer belt 115 and the 6th conveyer belt can be by firmly stuck between fixed plate 1191 and movable plate 1192.In lifter plate 119 vertical When side moves upwards, the 5th conveyer belt 115 and the 6th conveyer belt can rotate therewith, and will not skid, track separation mechanism It is stabilized operation.It can be further increased by the fit system of protrusion and groove between movable plate 1192 and fixed plate 1191 The compactness that 5th conveyer belt 115 and the 6th conveyer belt are connect with lifter plate 119 has reached and has stablized shunting to niblet stick Effect.
Embodiment 10
As shown in Figure 13,14, difference lies in blanking actuating unit includes blanking bar 14 for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment It is respectively hinged on bin gate 13 and movable block 20 with the both ends of movable block 20, blanking bar 14, movable block 20 is located under bin gate 13 Side, movable block 20 is connect with the first actuating unit or the second actuating unit, to carry out horizontal movement.
As shown in Figure 13,15, the first actuating unit includes telescopic rod 18 and blanking cylinder 19, and movable block 20 is connected to flexible On the telescopic end of bar 18, the telescopic end of telescopic rod 18 is connect with the piston end of blanking cylinder 19.
Under the premise of movable block 20 is connect with the first actuating unit, in the discharge port for needing to be either open or closed particle case 11 When, drive telescopic rod 18 to stretch out or shrink by blanking cylinder 19, to drive movable block 20 to carry out horizontal movement.Due to blanking The both ends of bar 14 are respectively hinged on movable block 20 and bin gate 13, and one end of bin gate 13 is hinged on particle case 11, in blanking bar While 14 horizontal movement, bin gate 13 turn over therewith or under turn over.
As shown in figure 14, the second actuating unit includes blanking screw 15, blanking lead screw 16 and blanking motor 17, movable block 20 It is connected on blanking screw 15, blanking screw 15 is connected through a screw thread mode and is connected on blanking lead screw 16,16 water of blanking lead screw Flat setting, and with the output axis connection of blanking motor 17.
Under the premise of movable block 20 is connect with the second actuating unit, in the discharge port for needing to be either open or closed particle case 11 When, drive blanking lead screw 16 to rotate by blanking motor 17, the rotation of blanking lead screw 16 drives blanking screw 15 to carry out horizontal movement, To drive movable block 20 to carry out horizontal movement.Since the both ends of blanking bar 14 are respectively hinged on movable block 20 and bin gate 13, One end of bin gate 13 is hinged on particle case 11, while blanking 14 horizontal movement of bar, bin gate 13 turn over therewith or under turn over.
By the setting of the first actuating unit and the second actuating unit, bin gate 13 can be provided and stablize support, prevented brokenly Because the shaking of bin gate 13 causes material to leak during broken, crushing effect of the lower sawtooth 27 to material is helped to ensure that.In addition, So that 13 smooth motion of bin gate, bin gate 13 is in heeling condition in impurities removal or blanking, in material or rubble etc. Impurity is discharged more thorough.
As shown in Figure 17,18, drying unit includes drying box 39, is offered on drying box 39 horizontal for conveyer belt 40 respectively The forward (FWD) mouth and band outlet being pierced by with level are penetrated, drying tube 38, the axial direction and conveyer belt of drying tube 38 are equipped in drying box 39 40 direction of transfer is consistent, and drying tube 38 offers multiple air outlets along its axial direction, and drying tube 38 passes through pipeline and wind sector 59 connect, and electrical heating box 37, the import and confession of electrical heating box 37 are connected on the pipeline between drying tube 38 and wind sector 59 Wind mechanism 59 connects, and there are two outlet, one of outlets to be connect with drying tube 38 for the tool of electrical heating box 37, another outlet passes through Pipeline stretches in the space between feed back sieve 42 and bin gate 13.
In the present embodiment, after corn flour is laid in conveyer belt 40, conveyer belt 40 can drive corn flour to be threaded in and out Drying box 39, so that corn flour is completed to be dried in drying box 39.In the drying process, the electrical heating in electrical heating box 37 Pipe generates heat, and is blown into the hot box of motor by wind sector 59, and air heats heating, hot-air enters drying tube 38 by pipeline It is interior, and the air outlet by being opened up on drying tube 38 blows to corn flour surface, so that the moisture in corn flour is evaporated rapidly Fall, to improve the drying efficiency to corn flour.Since wind sector 59 (wind turbine can be used in wind sector) can be to tuyere 28 and drying tube 38 carry out air feed, improve the utilization rate of wind sector 59, and reduce the design cost of the device.In addition, It, can be defeated by hot-air by wind sector 59 and electrical heating box 37 during by gravel, rubble by discharge in particle case 11 It is sent in particle case 11, to realize the drying to niblet grain.Since predrying is completed in niblet grain before pulverization process Journey, this design make the drying time of niblet grain Cheng Fenhou accordingly reduce, stop in drying box 39 to reduce corn flour The time is stayed, has accomplished to efficiently use the time, contributes to the process-cycle for shortening niblet grain.
As shown in figure 18, feed mechanism includes hopper 46 and feeding vacuum pump 47.Terminal of the hopper 46 close to conveyer belt 40 Setting, hopper 46 is interior to be equipped with electric heating tube, and the material scraping plate 45 being obliquely installed, material scraping plate 45 are equipped between conveyer belt 40 and hopper 46 Higher-end be resisted against on conveyer belt 40, the lower end of material scraping plate 45 is located in hopper 46.Lead between hopper 46 and feed back case 41 Charge tube is connected to, and the outlet of expects pipe is located at 42 top of feed back sieve, and feeding vacuum pump 47 is connected in expects pipe.
After corn flour is by drying unit, corn flour will be disengaged from conveyer belt 40 and be fallen into material by inertia force and gravity In case.Insufficient phenomenon is dried there may be corn flour bottom in transmit process, which will lead to undermost corn Powder is bonded in 40 surface of conveyer belt so that the collection rate of corn flour will decrease.The present embodiment is arranged in 40 terminal of conveyer belt Material scraping plate 45 the corn flour total number on conveyer belt 40 can be made into feed box, while ensureing collection rate, also can be The movement of corn flour provides guiding, and production scene totally without dust recycling, avoids environmental pollution.And be arranged in hopper 39 Electric heating tube also can carry out supplement drying when corn flour humidity is not reached requirement to corn flour, prevent corn flour because of aridity The generation of feed back phenomenon caused by not reaching requirement.
As shown in figure 16, separating plate 34 is additionally provided in reservoir chamber 30, separating plate 34 is in inverted "L" shape, separating plate 34 and water storage Clear water chamber has been cooperatively formed between the side wall and bottom wall of room 30, the water inlet of elevator pump 35 is stretched to by pipeline in clear water chamber, The engaging of separating plate 34 has penetratingly offers the mesh flowed into for liquid on filter screen or separating plate 34.
The water in reservoir chamber 30 can be carried out by the mesh on separating plate 34 or the filter screen on separating plate 34 Filter, into the intimate free from admixture of water in clear water chamber, can be pumped into filtered water tank 36, thus by elevator pump 35 by the water in clear water chamber Realize the recycling of water.
13 upper surface of bin gate is connected with rubber pad, and the card slot coincideing with 11 bottom shape of particle case is formed on rubber pad.
The leakproofness between bin gate 13 and particle case 11 can be improved by the card slot on rubber pad and rubber pad, right It is leaked without corn flour during crush maize, production scene ensure that the utilization rate of raw material without dust recycling.
As shown in figure 15, the free end lower surface of bin gate 13 is connected with pressure sensor or close to switch, in bin gate 13 When by blanking actuating unit drive motion to its stroke terminal, the free end of bin gate 13 is overlapped on stock guide.
When bin gate 13 is overlapped on stock guide, blanking will be controlled with pressure sensor or close to the controller of switch connection The power source of actuating unit is stopped, and one end of bin gate 13 is supported by lower stock guide 31.Pass through lower stock guide 31 and blanking bar 14 joint supporting role can make bin gate 13 that can keep stable state for a long time in blanking process, and structure design is more Rationally.
As shown in figure 20, the output shaft periphery of feed back motor 48 is set with driving gear 49, driving gear 49 and left gear 53 or right gear 54 be meshed.Sliding slot is vertically offered on left plate and right plate, left slider 56 and right sliding block 57 are distinguished It is ordinatedly connected in two sliding slots.
When needing that drive feed back sieve 42 is driven to shake or make 52 horizontal movement of pipe clamp, the driving of feed back motor 48 is actively Gear 49 rotates, and the rotation of driving gear 49 drives the left gear 53 being engaged with or right gear 54 to rotate, to drive feed back Lead screw 50 rotates, and then realizes the corresponding actions of feed back sieve 42 and pipe clamp 52.Since feed back motor 48 is to pass through driving tooth Wheel 49 and left gear 53 or right gear 54 drive 50 rotation of feed back lead screw, and the movement of feed back sieve 42 and pipe clamp 52 is more Steadily, reliable operation.
41 top of feed back case is equipped with observation window, and the outside of observation window is equipped with camera, and camera is used to penetrate observation window Shoot the image of 42 place part of feed back sieve.Staff understand that feed back case 41 by observing the image of camera shooting Internal situation, when the corn powder content being isolated on feed back sieve 42 is larger, staff can open feed back vacuum pump 44, Break process again is carried out to which corn flour is re-fed into particle case 11 in time.
It should be noted that being respectively connected with valve on the pipeline referred in above-described embodiment.
Embodiment 11
As shown in figures 21-23, the present embodiment and above-described embodiment difference lies in:Mixing arrangement further includes pedestal 68, bottom Electric rotating machine 681 is installed, electric rotating machine 681 and batch mixing shaft 67 connect, and several support legs are equipped on pedestal 68 on seat 68 682, the surrounding of pedestal 68 is additionally provided with several holding tanks 683, and the batch mixing cylinder 684 being vertically arranged is equipped in holding tank 683, The upper end of batch mixing cylinder 684 is fixedly connected with pedestal 68, and the lower end of batch mixing cylinder 684 is equipped with universal wheel 685.
Traditional mixing apparatus of powdery row material generally is fixed pedestal, causes package unit movement to get up cumbersome, takes When it is laborious.Also there is part mixing apparatus of powdery row material that movable pulley is installed in pedestal lower part for conveniently moving, still, shaken in action Dynamic larger, stability is also insufficient.Holding tank 683 is arranged in the present invention on pedestal, and universal wheel 685 is arranged in holding tank, leads to The stretching that batch mixing cylinder 684 controls universal wheel 685 is crossed to eject universal wheel 685 by batch mixing cylinder 684 when needing mobile, So that support leg 682 is detached from ground, then moves package unit, it is convenient and strength-saving.Universal wheel is taken in into holding tank when need not move It is interior, keep support leg stress, stability good.
Embodiment 12
As shown in Figure 21,24, the present embodiment and above-described embodiment difference lies in:First grinding device 651 includes crushing Storehouse 6511, in crushing bin 6511 installation be fitted with powder on two pulverization rollers 6512 there are two mutually matched pulverization roller 6512 Broken axis 6513 is equipped on one of crushing shaft 6513 and crushes motor 6514, transmission is fitted on two crushing shafts 6513 Tooth 6515 passes through the ratcheting drive connection of driving cog 6515 between two crushing shafts 6513.
Since there are two mutually matched pulverization roller 6512, good crushing effects, due to two powder for installation in crushing bin 6511 Crushing shaft 6513 is all installed, and two crushing shafts 6513 pass through one by the ratcheting drive connection of driving cog 6515 on broken roller Crushing motor 6514 can drive two pulverization rollers 6512 to move, and save the use cost of manufacturing cost.
As shown in figure 21, it is preferred that divide the double end motor 647 for being equipped with and being vertically arranged in mixing chamber 643, double end motor 647 upper end output shaft and stirring rod 644 connection, the lower end output shaft of double end motor 647 and the connection of the second material-spraying device 646.
Due to mixing indoor location double end motor 647, two output shafts of double end motor 647 respectively with stirring rod and second Material-spraying device 646 connects, and stirring rod and the second material-spraying device 646 can be driven to move by a double end motor, greatly simple Change equipment, reduces its occupied space, and production cost and use cost also further reduce.
Embodiment 13
As shown in figure 27, the present embodiment and above-described embodiment difference lies in:61 inner wall of batch mixing tank body with rotating room 641 Corresponding position is provided with the recessed groove 6101 of annular, and the edge of rotating room 641 stretches into recessed groove 6101, and rotating room 641 61 inner wall of edge and batch mixing tank body between seal.
Since 61 inner wall of batch mixing tank body is provided with the recessed groove 6101 of annular in position corresponding with rotating room so that rotation The edge of room stretches into recessed groove 6101, ensures that the powder that the first batch mixing sieve flitch 63 sifts out all enters rotating room 641, avoids sieving The powder gone out is directly fallen in from the gap between rotating room 641 and batch mixing tank body 61 on second batch mixing sieve flitch 65, ensures powder Expect mixed effect.
Preferably, it is 3-5 to divide the number of isolation board 642.Isolation board is divided to be designed as 3-5 so as to divide mixing chamber size Rationally, the manufacturing cost of equipment is not only controlled, it is ensured that the mixing efficiency of powder.
Embodiment 14
As shown in figure 24, the present embodiment and above-described embodiment difference lies in:The bottom edge of warehouse 621 is fed to evagination Go out to be formed protrusion 6211, the interconnecting piece coordinated with protrusion 6211 is provided on the material separating disc 6241 of the first material-spraying device 624 62411, semicircle sliding block 62412 is provided on interconnecting piece 62411, is provided on protrusion 6211 and semicircle sliding block 62411 The sliding slot 62111 of cooperation.
Since the bottom edge of charging warehouse 621 protrudes outward to form protrusion 6211, the sub-material of the first material-spraying device 624 The interconnecting piece coordinated with protrusion 6211 is provided on disk 6241 so that the first material-spraying device 624 hangs over the bottom of charging warehouse 621 Portion realizes the connection of the first material-spraying device 624 and charging warehouse 621.Due to being provided with semicircle sliding block 62411 on interconnecting piece, The sliding slot 62111 with semicircle sliding block cooperation, while the cooperation of sliding block and sliding slot are provided on protrusion so that first crushes dress It sets and selects to be easier between 651 and charging warehouse 621.
The present embodiment and above-described embodiment difference lies in:Pedestal 68 is equipped with opposite set in 683 liang of side positions of holding tank Two fixed plate bodies (being not drawn into figure) set are both provided on two fixed plate bodies 686 and universal wheel 685 mutually matched solid Determine hole (being not drawn into figure).
Since pedestal is equipped be oppositely arranged two fixed plate bodies in two side position of holding tank, and two fixed plate bodies and Mutually matched mounting hole is both provided on universal wheel 685, after the stretching of universal wheel 685, using matching for bolt and mounting hole Universal wheel 685 is fixed in conjunction, reinforces the stability of equipment entirety after universal wheel 685 stretches out.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although with reference to the foregoing embodiments Invention is explained in detail, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:It still can be to aforementioned each implementation Technical solution recorded in example is modified or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features;And these modification or It replaces, the spirit and scope for various embodiments of the present invention technical solution that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of maize flour plant-scale equipment, which is characterized in that the equipment includes being set successively after by elder generation by processing flow sequence Corn ear processing unit (plant), niblet grinding device, the mixing apparatus of powdery row material set;Corn ear processing unit (plant) is used to carry out corn ear Threshing obtains corncob and niblet, and for being crushed to niblet, mixing apparatus of powdery row material is used for jade crush maize device Rice flour and flour are mixed;
Corn ear processing unit (plant) includes feeding unit and processing unit;Feeding unit includes steering mechanism and track separation mechanism;It turns to Mechanism is used for transmission corn ear, and it is consistent with transmission direction that corn ear overturn the axial direction to corn ear in transmission process;Shunting Mechanism and steering mechanism's tandem array, track separation mechanism is used to corn ear being divided into two-way up and down, and is fed down into processing unit; It processes unit to be used to carry out threshing to corn ear, and screening process is carried out to niblet;
Crush maize device includes particle unit, drying unit and feed back unit successively by processing flow sequence;Particle unit is used In crushing processing to niblet, particle unit includes particle case;Drying unit is returned for processing to be dried to corn flour Material unit is sent into for the corn flour larger to granularity in fragmentation cell, and second-time breakage processing is carried out;
Feed back unit includes feed back case, feed back sieve and feed back actuating unit;Feed back case includes left plate and right plate, feed back sieve The both ends of net are arranged respectively close to left plate and right plate, and the mesh diameter of feed back sieve is less than the mesh diameter of particle sieve; Slidably connect left slider and right sliding block on left plate and right plate respectively, the glide direction of left slider and right sliding block is vertical side To left slider and right sliding block are connect by spring with feed back sieve;Feed back actuating unit include feed back motor, feed back lead screw, Left gear, right gear, connecting rod;Feed back lead screw is horizontally disposed, and both ends are rotatably connected on left plate and right plate respectively, feed back Screw both end is located on the outside of left plate and right plate, and feed back lead screw can be by feed back motor-driven rotation;Left gear and right tooth Wheel is set in the both ends of feed back lead screw, and being pivotally connected on left gear and right gear has connecting rod, the company of connecting rod and left gear Place is met on the outside of the center line of left gear, the junction of connecting rod and right gear is located on the outside of the center line of right gear, two companies One end of bar is respectively and movably connected on left slider and right sliding block;It is also connected through a screw thread mode on feed back lead screw and is connected with feed back Screw, feed back screw are located in feed back case, and pipe clamp is connected on feed back screw, and pipe clamp is used for fixing feed back pipe, feed back pipe Elastic deformation material is made, and the import of feed back pipe is located in feed back case, and above feed back sieve, the outlet of feed back pipe is located at In particle case, and between particle sieve and bin gate, feed back vacuum pump is connected on feed back pipe;
The batch mixing upper cover on batch mixing tank body is closed including batch mixing tank body and lid, it is characterised in that:From upper in the cavity of batch mixing tank body The first batch mixing sieve flitch, the first mixing chamber, the second batch mixing sieve flitch, crushing/mixing one room, mixing tank are disposed under and It is additionally provided in vivo and sequentially passes through crushing/mixing one room, the second batch mixing sieve flitch from bottom to top and stretch to the first mixing chamber Batch mixing shaft;
Two charging warehouses are installed on batch mixing on lid, feeds and feeding motor is installed in warehouse, feeding warehouse indoor location has spiral shell Feeding rod is revolved, feeding motor is connected with screw feeding bar, and the bottom for feeding warehouse is equipped with the first material-spraying device;First material spray fills It sets including material separating disc, material separating disc is the cylindrical shape of upper end opening, material separating disc and charging warehouse rotatable connection, the bottom of screw feeding bar End is fixedly connected with material separating disc, and material separating disc is connected to charging warehouse, and the lower part of material separating disc is equipped with several stuff-spraying pipes, and material spray bar inclines Tiltedly setting, and the angle of material spray bar and vertical direction is 30-45 °;
First batch mixing sieves flitch and the second batch mixing sieve flitch is all reverse V-shaped structure, and the both sides of the first batch mixing sieve flitch are located at Batch mixing tank body is stretched out at the lower part of two charging warehouses, the both ends that the first batch mixing sieves flitch, and the first batch mixing sieves the lower part at flitch both ends It is both provided with splicing storehouse;
First mixing chamber includes the rotating room of upper end opening, and the top of batch mixing shaft is fixedly connected with the bottom centre of rotating room, Several points of isolation boards are installed in rotating room, rotating room is divided into identical point of mixing chamber of several sizes by several points of isolation boards, Divide in mixing chamber and stirring rod is installed, the first stirrer paddle is installed on stirring rod;
Divide the lower part of mixing chamber that the second material-spraying device is installed, the second material-spraying device point mixing chamber corresponding with its is connected to, and second Material-spraying device and the first material-spraying device structure are identical;
Second batch mixing sieve flitch is located at the lower part of the second material-spraying device, and batch mixing tank body is stretched out at the both ends that the second batch mixing sieves flitch, the The lower part at two batch mixings sieve flitch both ends is both provided with the first grinding device, is equipped between splicing storehouse and the first grinding device and send object Expects pipe is equipped with out materail tube on the first grinding device, goes out materail tube and be connected to crushing/mixing one room;
In crushing/mixing, integrally indoor part is equipped with several second stirrer paddles to batch mixing shaft, and crushing/mixing one is indoor Second grinding device is installed, the second grinding device is located at the lower part of the second stirrer paddle, and the second grinding device includes above dividing into The rotating disk and fixed underpan set, fixed underpan are fixed on batch mixing tank body, and fixed underpan centrally through bearing and batch mixing Shaft connects, and the center of rotating disk is fixed in batch mixing shaft, and mutually matched powder is provided between fixed underpan and rotating disk Fragment.
2. the maize flour plant-scale equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that processing unit includes main box, separating mechanism And screening mechanism, main box tool is there are two feed inlet, and feed inlet is located at the lower section of track separation mechanism, and separating mechanism includes more and is used for The grain threshing roller of threshing is carried out to corn, from top to bottom, the horizontal sectional area of grain threshing roller gradually increases, and is enclosed between grain threshing roller Two are driven by the first transmission mechanism by threshing motor and are rotated with the one-to-one threshing channel of feed inlet, grain threshing roller;Screening Mechanism includes upper Screening Network and lower Screening Network;Upper Screening Network is obliquely installed, the corn of the lower end of upper Screening Network close to main box Core discharge port, between upper Screening Network and lower Screening Network, lower Screening Network is led to the niblet discharge port of main box by threshing motor The driving of the second transmission mechanism is crossed to move up and down.
3. the maize flour plant-scale equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that steering mechanism includes the first conveyer belt, at least Two pairs of guidance sets, third guide part;Guidance set is along the direction of transfer horizontal arrangement successively of the first conveyer belt, each guiding group Part includes the first guide part and the second guide part, and the front end of the front end of the first guide part and the second guide part is separately positioned on the The rear end of the both sides of one conveyer belt, the rear end of the first guide part and the second guide part is arranged at the top of the first conveyer belt, the The rear end of two guide parts with respect to the first guide part rear end close to the rear end of the first conveyer belt, the first guide part and the second guide part Between be formed with for corn ear by opening;The front end of third guide part is arranged close to the rear end of guidance set, and third is oriented to The length direction of part is consistent with the direction of transfer of the first conveyer belt, and the rear end of third guide part is close to the front end of track separation mechanism.
4. the maize flour plant-scale equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that track separation mechanism includes mutually matched first turning over The length direction of plate and the second turnover panel, the first turnover panel and the second turnover panel is consistent with the direction of transfer of the first conveyer belt, the first turnover panel It can be driven by shunting driving mechanism with the second turnover panel and carry out flip-flop movement, the front end of the first turnover panel and the second turnover panel is close to first The rear end of conveyer belt, and in the movement travel in corn ear;Track separation mechanism further includes third conveyer belt and the 4th conveyer belt, and The front end of three conveyer belts is connected with sliding way, sliding way close to the first turnover panel and the second turnover panel rear end, the rear end of third conveyer belt Rear end stretch in one of feed inlet;The front end of 4th conveyer belt is located at the underface of the first turnover panel and the second turnover panel, The rear end of 4th conveyer belt is connected with glide path, and the rear end of glide path stretches in another feed inlet;Shunting driving mechanism Including lifting cylinder, lifter plate, the 5th conveyer belt and the 6th conveyer belt, the 5th conveyer belt and the 6th conveyer belt are installed on liter respectively The both sides of plate drop, and lifter plate is driven by lifting cylinder and moved up and down;The upper end of 5th conveyer belt and the 6th conveyer belt is separately connected On the first runner and the second runner, the first runner and the second runner are connected in two parallel shafts of axis, the One turnover panel and the second turnover panel are set in two shafts.
5. the maize flour plant-scale equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be equipped with partition board in main box, partition board is by main tank Body is divided into threshing chamber and sieve compartment from top to bottom, and two through-holes of connection threshing chamber and sieve compartment, through-hole are offered on partition board It is corresponding with the gating location of main box;Separating mechanism includes four grain threshing rollers;The upper and lower end of four grain threshing rollers passes through roller respectively Axis and bearing are rotatably connected on main box and partition board, and the periphery of grain threshing roller is formed with threshing tooth, and the center of four grain threshing rollers connects Line assumes diamond in shape, and center line line has been enclosed threshing channel, threshing channel and main tank between three grain threshing rollers of equilateral triangle The through-hole connection of the feed inlet and partition board of body;The roll shaft of grain threshing roller lower end is pierced by partition board and stretches in sieve compartment vertically, the One transmission mechanism includes roll shaft gear, the first driven wheel and driving wheel, roll shaft gear set in the lower end of roll shaft, roll shaft gear it Between connected by gear drive;First driven wheel is sleeved on the lower end periphery positioned at outermost roll shaft, the first driven wheel and active It is connected by chain or belt transmission between wheel, driving wheel is sleeved on the output shaft periphery of threshing motor;The roller of grain threshing roller lower end Axis is pierced by partition board and stretches in sieve compartment vertically, and the first transmission mechanism includes roll shaft gear, the first driven wheel and driving wheel, roller Shaft gear is sleeved on the lower end of roll shaft, is connected by gear drive between roll shaft gear;First driven wheel is sleeved on positioned at outermost The lower end periphery of side roller axis is connected between the first driven wheel and driving wheel by chain or belt transmission, and driving wheel is sleeved on de- The output shaft periphery of grain motor;Second transmission mechanism includes transmission shaft, two turntables, two connecting rods and two sliding blocks;Transmission shaft It is horizontally disposed, it is rotatablely connected between main box, the both ends of transmission shaft are located at main box both sides, are located on the outside of main box Transmission shaft on be set with driven wheel of differential, driven wheel of differential is engaged with drive bevel gear, and drive bevel gear is sleeved on threshing electricity The output shaft periphery of machine;Two turntables are connected to the both ends of transmission shaft;Two connecting rods are pivotally connected in two turntables respectively On, the junction of connecting rod and turntable is located on the outside of the axis of turntable;Sieve compartment has the cunning slided in the vertical direction for sliding block Slot, sliding block are located in sliding slot, and sliding block side is flexibly connected with connecting rod away from one end of turntable, and lower Screening Network is by being connected to sliding block On.
6. the maize flour plant-scale equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that particle unit further includes particle case, shaft, sets Set impurity removal mechanism, upper particle mechanism and lower particle mechanism in particle case;
Upper particle mechanism includes particle sieve and upper particle sawtooth component;Particle sieve is arranged below upper stock guide, bull screen Offer the lower insert port being inserted vertically into for shaft on the net;Shaft one end is located on the outside of particle case, and the shaft other end extends downwardly, And insert port, middle insert port and lower insert port are passed sequentially through, spindle portion can be limited in particle sieve and particle bottom wall Between space in;Upper particle sawtooth component includes multiple upper sawtooth arranged from top to bottom;Lower particle mechanism include it is multiple from The lower sawtooth of upper and lower arrangement, lower sawtooth, upper sawtooth are sleeved on shaft periphery;It is driven in elevating mechanism driving and is located at bottom Upper sawtooth close to particle sieve when, be located at bottom lower sawtooth close to bin gate;
Particle bottom portion is formed with reservoir chamber, and reservoir chamber is located at below bin gate, and the lower stock guide being obliquely installed is equipped in reservoir chamber, The higher-end of lower stock guide is relative to its lower end close to the junction of bin gate and particle actuating unit;Under natural conditions, bin gate In horizontality, and the projection of bin gate in the horizontal plane is overlapped with the projection section of lower stock guide in the horizontal plane;Lower guide Guide chamber is formed between plate and reservoir chamber side wall, there is water out and material to export for guide chamber bottom, in water out and material outlet It is equipped with solenoid valve;
Particle unit further includes elevator pump and filtered water tank;The water inlet of elevator pump stretches to reservoir chamber bottom by pipeline, is promoted The water outlet of pump is stretched to by pipeline in filtered water tank;There are two water outlet, two water outlets of filtered water tank to punish for filtered water tank tool It is not connected with upper water-out pipe and lower discharging tube, the water outlet of upper water-out pipe stretches to the space between stock guide and particle sieve Interior, the water outlet of lower discharging tube is arranged close to the free end of bin gate;
Transport mechanism is equipped with below guide chamber, transport mechanism includes conveyer belt, and the beginning of conveyer belt is located at the material outlet of guide chamber The terminal of lower section, conveyer belt is located on the outside of particle case;Conveyer belt is used to the material fallen by material outlet being delivered to drying unit It is interior.
7. the maize flour plant-scale equipment according to claim 6, which is characterized in that be additionally provided with separating plate, institute in the reservoir chamber It is in inverted "L" shape to state separating plate, and clear water chamber has been cooperatively formed between the separating plate and the side wall and bottom wall of the reservoir chamber, described The water inlet of elevator pump is stretched to by pipeline in the clear water chamber, and the separating plate engaging has on filter screen or the separating plate Penetratingly offer the mesh flowed into for liquid.
8. the maize flour plant-scale equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first grinding device includes crushing bin, Installation is there are two mutually matched pulverization roller in the crushing bin, is fitted with crushing shaft on described two pulverization rollers, it is described its In crushing motor is installed on a crushing shaft, be fitted with driving cog on described two crushing shafts, described two crushing shafts it Between pass through the ratcheting drive connection of conventional tooth.
9. the maize flour plant-scale equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the bottom edge of the charging warehouse is to evagination Go out to form protrusion, the interconnecting piece coordinated with protrusion, the interconnecting piece are provided on the material separating disc of first material-spraying device On be provided with semicircle sliding block, be provided on the protrusion and the sliding slot of semicircle sliding block cooperation.
10. the maize flour plant-scale equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pedestal is pacified in two side position of holding tank Equipped with two fixed plate bodies being oppositely arranged, mutually matched fixation is both provided on described two fixed plate bodies and universal wheel Hole.
CN201810435457.3A 2018-05-09 2018-05-09 Equipment is used in maize flour production Active CN108617960B (en)

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CN110201774A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-09-06 济南铭威生物科技有限公司 A kind of maize cob meal grinding integrated treatment unit for rubber chemicals
CN111974501A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-11-24 南京毕升创艺科技有限公司 Flour production equipment and process special for flour mill
CN112246370A (en) * 2020-09-29 2021-01-22 安徽笑果农牧产业科技有限公司 Feed processing precomminution device
CN112619843A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-09 侯建锋 Pretreatment crushing and screening equipment for manufacturing waterproof mortar and preparation method of waterproof mortar

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CN204220203U (en) * 2014-10-04 2015-03-25 邯郸市誉皓实业有限公司 A kind of environment protection multifunctional corn deep processing device
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CN112246370A (en) * 2020-09-29 2021-01-22 安徽笑果农牧产业科技有限公司 Feed processing precomminution device
CN112619843A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-09 侯建锋 Pretreatment crushing and screening equipment for manufacturing waterproof mortar and preparation method of waterproof mortar

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