CN108617383A - A kind of environmental protection new system and implementation based on control of desert - Google Patents

A kind of environmental protection new system and implementation based on control of desert Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108617383A
CN108617383A CN201810413826.9A CN201810413826A CN108617383A CN 108617383 A CN108617383 A CN 108617383A CN 201810413826 A CN201810413826 A CN 201810413826A CN 108617383 A CN108617383 A CN 108617383A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
desert
half
solar
unit
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810413826.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
裴正强
忻时威
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中国外运长航集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201810413826.9A priority Critical patent/CN108617383A/en
Publication of CN108617383A publication Critical patent/CN108617383A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G29/00Root feeders; Injecting fertilisers into the roots
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/10Agricultural machinery or equipment
    • Y02P60/12Agricultural machinery or equipment using renewable energies

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of environmental protection new system and implementation based on control of desert, system include vegetation unit, clean energy resource collector unit, steam recovery unit and water supplying unit;Vegetation unit includes natural tree and artificial trees;Clean energy resource collector unit includes device of solar generating and wind electricity generating system, and device of solar generating is integrated with wind electricity generating system;Steam recovery unit is located at the top of the system and is fixedly connected with clean energy resource collector unit;Water supplying unit includes exposing portion and preburying part, and exposing portion is connected to steam recovery unit, and preburying part is located at the soil on vegetation unit root system periphery.Beneficial effects of the present invention are:Desert area solar energy and wind energy resources are made full use of, realize the self-sufficiency of present apparatus operating power source, the fit clearance of lid and torsade is twisted by intelligent control, control the freight volume of moisture, effectively meet plant in the growth demand of arid area, of low cost, suitable arid area is promoted on a large scale.

Description

A kind of environmental protection new system and implementation based on control of desert

Technical field

The invention belongs to environmental protection technical field, more particularly to a kind of environmental protection new system based on control of desert and Implementation.

Background technology

Desertification (desertification) is due to drought, vegetation deterioration, strong wind deflation, normal erosion, soil Nature (non-natural) phenomenon that large stretch of soil productivity caused by the factors such as salination declines or loses.Global desertification is with annual 70000 square kilometres of amplification is expanded rapidly, and a countries and regions more than 110,1,000,000,000 populations are deeply hurt.

Currently, with the continuous expansion of desertification, what planting plants had become containment Desert Expansion in desert has efficacious prescriptions Method.However, desert area is throughout the year arid, precipitation is rare, and most plants are difficult to survive because of water shortage, cause sand control effect unknown It is aobvious.Moreover in desert middle and long distance water delivery, the longer requirement to pipeline of distance is higher, increases cost;Establish the relaying that supplies water It stands, needs to provide electric power for water supply relay station, installation laying cable, not only time-consuming and laborious in desert, also adds water supply Cost.Therefore, design one kind making full use of desert superior resources, can reduce cost and effectively be supplied for plant in desert The method of water is known as active demand.

Invention content

In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of environmental protection new system and reality based on control of desert Applying method.

Specific technical solution of the present invention is as follows:

A kind of environmental protection new system based on control of desert, the system comprises vegetation unit, clean energy resourcies to collect list Member, steam recovery unit and water supplying unit;

The vegetation unit includes natural tree and artificial trees;

The clean energy resource collector unit includes device of solar generating and wind electricity generating system, the solar power generation dress It sets and is integrated with the wind electricity generating system;

The steam recovery unit is located at the top of the system and is fixedly connected with the clean energy resource collector unit;

The water supplying unit includes exposing portion and preburying part, and the exposing portion is connected to the steam recovery unit, described Preburying part is located at the soil on vegetation unit root system periphery.

Further, the device of solar generating includes solar panels, solar storage battery, mounting seat and is fixed on The supporting rod on ground;

The bottom surface of the mounting seat is fixedly connected with the top of the supporting rod;The upper surface of the mounting seat is fixed There are the first support arm, the free end of first support arm to be articulated with the second support arm by pivotal axis;First support arm It is embedded with support arm motor, output shaft and the pivotal axis of the support arm motor are sequentially connected;The freedom of second support arm End is connect with the solar panels;Interconnected catchment recess is embedded at the top surface edge of the solar panels, it is described The side of solar panels is additionally provided with the opening being connected to the catchment recess, and the opening is connected to the water supplying unit;

Luminosity induction device is fixedly connected at the top surface edge of the mounting seat;

The solar storage battery is fixed on the upper surface of the mounting seat;

The solar storage battery is electrically connected with the solar panels, the support arm motor and the luminosity induction device respectively It connects;

The wind electricity generating system includes vertical axis aerogenerator and is electrically connected with the vertical axis aerogenerator Wind energy battery;The vertical axis aerogenerator is located at the underface of the mounting seat, and the vertical axis wind power generation Machine is rotatablely connected with the supporting rod.

Further, the steam recovery unit includes steam collecting net and water droplet collection channel;The water droplet collects logical Road is fixedly connected with one end of the solar panels, the steam collecting net be located at the surface of the water droplet collection channel and with The inner wall of the water droplet collection channel is fixedly connected;The water droplet collection channel is connected to the water supplying unit.

Further, the water droplet collection channel is tubular structure, and the tube wall of the water droplet collection channel is in axial direction Equipped with straight slot, the straight slot is connected to the inner cavity of the water droplet collection channel;

The steam collecting net is fixedly connected through the straight slot and with the inner wall of the water droplet collection channel.

Further, the outlet end of the water droplet collection channel is in axial direction provided inwardly with 10 ° of lift angles;The steam is received Collect net surface and is coated with nano-hydrophilic coating.

Further, the water supplying unit include water supply pipe, the water storage cylinder body that is embedded in below earth's surface and torsade;It is described One end of water supply pipe respectively with the water droplet collection channel and the open communication, the other end of the water supply pipe with it is described Water storage cylinder body is connected to;The side wall of the water storage cylinder body concaves embedded with lid is twisted, and the torsade is covered across the twirl;The torsade One end, which is located in the water storage cylinder body, to be dipped in the water collected, and the other end of the torsade is located at vegetation unit root system periphery Soil at.

Further, twirl lid includes the liftable first half and fixed lower half, the first half and it is described under It is provided with top half-round cross hole at the center of half portion docking, lower part half is provided at the center that the lower half is docked with the first half Round tube hole, the top half-round cross hole enclose the circular through hole coordinated with the torsade with the lower semicircular through-hole;

The inner wall of the water storage cylinder body is provided with driving motor, and the output shaft of the driving motor is connected with horizontal lead screw, The horizontal lead screw is sequentially connected with vertical lead screw by idle pulley, and the vertical lead screw is threadedly coupled with the first half, described The first half can be along the vertical lead screw lifting moving;

The vertical lead screw is equipped with the first travel switch, the second travel switch and third trip switch successively from the bottom to top;

First travel switch, second travel switch, the third trip switch and the driving motor with The solar storage battery electrical connection.

Further, the system also includes control unit, described control unit includes:Position monitoring module, environmental wet Spend monitoring modular and processing module;

The position monitoring module is for receiving first travel switch, second travel switch and described the third line The position data of the first half of Cheng Kaiguan acquisitions;The position monitoring module, which is additionally operable to receive the luminosity induction device, catches It catches perpendicular to the most intense light irradiation position of the solar panels;

The ambient humidity monitoring modular is for being monitored the soil moisture on vegetation unit root system periphery;

The position data for the first half that the processing module is used to acquire and the humidity data of reception carry out logic It analyzes and processes:

When monitoring lower limiting value of the humidity less than setting humidity section, the processing module sends out to the driving motor and opens Dynamic instruction, when the first half triggers the third trip switch, the processing module sends out stopping to the driving motor Instruction;

When monitoring humidity within setting humidity section, the processing module sends out startup to the driving motor and refers to It enables, when the first half triggers second travel switch, the processing module sends out halt instruction to the driving motor;

When monitoring upper limit value of the humidity higher than setting humidity section, the processing module sends out to the driving motor and opens Dynamic instruction, when the first half triggers first travel switch, the processing module sends out stopping to the driving motor Instruction;

The processing module is additionally operable to that the position data of the most intense light irradiation of acquisition is analyzed and processed:

When the luminosity induction device is captured perpendicular to the most intense light irradiation position of the solar panels, the processing mould Block sends out enabled instruction to the support arm motor, when the solar panels turn to the position of the vertical most intense light irradiation, institute It states processing module and sends out halt instruction to the support arm motor.

Further, the entrance of the water supply pipe is equipped with filter, and the outlet of the water supply pipe is equipped with motor-driven valve;

The water storage cylinder body is additionally provided with the drainpipe led to above the ground, and water pump is provided in the drainpipe;

The motor-driven valve and the water pump are electrically connected with the solar storage battery.

The implementation of environmental protection new system based on control of desert described in a kind of application, the implementation include such as Lower step:

Step 1:Device of solar generating generates electricity by using the solar energy of desert area, and electric energy is stored into too In positive energy storage device;Wind electricity generating system generates electricity by using the wind energy of desert area, and electric energy is stored into wind energy and is stored In battery;

Step 2:Steam collecting net suction fog makes cloud and mist condense into water on the net, collects using desert day and night temperature Water storage is entered by water supply pipe together into water droplet collection channel, and with the rainwater collected in the catchment recess on solar panels Cylinder body;

Step 3:It is phytoremediation that moisture passes to soil by torsade;

Preferably, humidity section is set as [55%, 80%];According to the soil monitoring humidity on vegetation unit root system periphery with Setting humidity section is compared, and then starts driving motor, is adjusted the fit clearance for twisting lid and torsade, is controlled the transport of moisture Amount;

Step 4:Before entering the winter, motor-driven valve is closed, stops moisture and enters water storage cylinder body;And water storage cylinder is extracted out by drainpipe Internal water.

Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:

1, this device utilizes the nylon wire coated with nano-hydrophilic coating, according to the water mist money generated in desert area air Source, poly- mist Cheng Shui, the rainwater collected in the catchment recess in the water resource and solar panels of acquisition is stored in the device together Portion, it is sustainable stabilize to plant provide growth needed for moisture, to solve the Irrigation Problems of desert plant, it is ensured that plant it is normal Growth, improves the survival rate of plant;

2, desert area solar energy and wind energy resources are made full use of, it can also be to while realizing present apparatus operating power source self-sufficiency Outer output has economic benefit;

3, the fit clearance that lid and torsade are twisted by intelligent control, controls the freight volume of moisture, effectively meets plant not With the growth demand under humidity;

4, the setting of vertical axis aerogenerator can not only reduce wind speed but also can check winds and fix drifting sand, and optimize desert Environment;

5, the apparatus structure is simple, reliable for operation, of low cost, and arid area is suitble to promote on a large scale.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of environmental protection new system;

Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of device of solar generating;

Fig. 3 is the longitudinal sectional view of water droplet collection channel;

Fig. 4 is the internal structure schematic diagram of water storage cylinder body;

Fig. 5 is the side view for twisting lid.

Wherein:1, vegetation system;2, solar panels;201, it is open;3, solar storage battery;4, mounting seat;5, first Support arm;6, pivotal axis;7, the second support arm;8, luminosity induction device;9, vertical axis aerogenerator;10, wind energy battery; 11, steam collecting net;12, water droplet collection channel;121, straight slot;13, water supply pipe;14, water storage cylinder body;15, torsade;16, it twists Lid;161, the first half;162, lower half;163, top half-round cross hole;164, lower semicircular through-hole;17, driving motor;18, water Flat lead screw;19, vertical lead screw;20, the first travel switch;21, the second travel switch;22, third trip switchs;23, filter; 24, motor-driven valve;25, drainpipe;26, supporting rod.

Specific implementation mode

Invention is further described in detail with following embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Embodiment 1

According to an embodiment of the invention, provide a kind of environmental protection new system based on control of desert, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Shown in Fig. 3.A kind of environmental protection new system based on control of desert, the system include vegetation unit 1, clean energy resource collection list Member, steam recovery system and water supplying unit;

Vegetation unit 1 includes natural tree and artificial trees;

Clean energy resource collector unit includes device of solar generating and wind electricity generating system, device of solar generating and wind energy Power generator is integrated.Preferably, it had not only ensured utilizing status of the device of solar generating to sunlight, but also has realized wind energy The effect that power generator can not only reduce wind speed but also can check winds and fix drifting sand, wind electricity generating system between device of solar generating and ground it Between.

In the present embodiment, device of solar generating includes solar panels 2,3 mounting seat 4 of solar storage battery and is fixed on The supporting rod 26 on ground.

The bottom surface of mounting seat 4 is fixedly connected with the top of supporting rod 26;The upper surface of mounting seat 4 is fixed with first Brace 5 ensures the utilization ratio of solar energy from each details, it is preferred that the first support arm 5 is straight up.First support arm 5 Free end is articulated with the second support arm 7 by pivotal axis 6;First support arm 5 is embedded with support arm motor, the output shaft of support arm motor It is sequentially connected with pivotal axis 6.The free end of second support arm 7 is connect with solar panels 2, and solar panels 2 are in the second support arm 7 Drive it is lower can be swung along 6 semi-circumference of pivotal axis, i.e. swing angle is risen and the matching of the angle of falling with the sun from 0 ° to 180 ° It closes.

Interconnected catchment recess is embedded at the top surface edge of solar panels 2, the side of solar panels 2 is additionally provided with The opening 201 being connected to catchment recess, opening 201 are connected to water supplying unit.It is fallen under rainwater in desert on solar panels 2, And imported to water supplying unit by catchment recess, realize the recycling and utilization to rainwater.According to different regions desert precipitation Several solar panels 2 can be assembled into one group, to accept more rainwater by difference.The included solar panels of single group set 2 Quantity need to be calculated according to the specific environment feature in different deserts.

To realize, device of solar generating can carry out the automatic of position according to the variation of sunlight intensity in the present embodiment It adjusts, to capture the highlights of sunlight, ensures the maximization of device of solar generating unit interval generated energy, to realize The peak use rate of solar energy.It is further preferred that being fixedly connected with luminosity induction device at the top surface edge of mounting seat 4 8.Luminosity induction device 8 and the processing module communication of control support arm motor work connect.Luminosity induction device 8 is used for monitoring illumination Power, to determine in real time most intense light irradiation position.In the present embodiment, luminosity induction device 8 selects Mianyang City rice field science and technology The KQ-GZ type optical sensors of the Veinasa brands of Co., Ltd's production.The sensor is lied prostrate using silicon blue light in higher sensitivity Detector can configure different ranges as sensor, user according to different measurement places, the wide, linearity with measurement range Good, good waterproof performance, it is easy for installation the features such as.

Solar storage battery 3 is fixed on the upper surface of mounting seat 4, and the energy collected through solar panels 2 is with the shape of electric energy Formula is stored in solar storage battery 3, the Power Support as each component working of whole system.

Solar storage battery 3 is electrically connected with solar panels 2, support arm motor and luminosity induction device 8 respectively.

In the present embodiment, wind electricity generating system includes vertical axis aerogenerator 9 and is electrically connected with vertical axis aerogenerator 9 The wind energy battery 10 connect.Vertical axis aerogenerator 9 is located at the underface of mounting seat 4 and is rotatablely connected with supporting rod 26. A large amount of wind energy resources in desert are not only utilized in the setting of vertical axis aerogenerator 9, but also also act as drop wind speed and windproof Husky effect.It checks winds and fixes drifting sand effect to promote vertical axis aerogenerator 9, it is further preferred that vertical axis aerogenerator 9 Blade axial height and the height of supporting rod 26 are close.

Steam recovery unit is located at the top of the system and is fixedly connected with clean energy resource collector unit.Preferably, steam Recovery unit includes steam collecting net 11 and water droplet collection channel 12.In the present embodiment, steam collecting net 11 is nylon wire.Into one Step is preferred, and to promote the absorbability of water mist, 11 surface of steam collecting net is coated with nano-hydrophilic coating.Water droplet collection channel 12 are fixedly connected with one end of solar panels 2, and steam collecting net 11 is located at the surface of water droplet collection channel 12 and is converged with water droplet The inner wall in collection channel 12 is fixedly connected;Water droplet collection channel 12 is connected to water supplying unit.When mercury dropped, as day alternates with night in desert When, water mist is adsorbed on steam collecting net 11, and with further decreasing for temperature, water mist liquefaction is water droplet, is hung in steam On collecting net 11, and being continuously increased with the water droplet amount of collecting, water droplet fall and collect along steam collecting net 11 by gravity Into water droplet collection channel 12.

In the present embodiment, water droplet collection channel 12 is tubular structure, and the tube wall of water droplet collection channel 12 is in axial direction set There are straight slot 121, straight slot 121 to be connected to the inner cavity of water droplet collection channel 12.Water droplet collection channel 12 selects metal material to be made, table Face coats underwater paint, effectively adapts to desert and dislikes slightly environment.To ensure that water droplet flows rapidly into water supplying unit, it is further preferred that water The outlet end of drop collection channel 12 is in axial direction provided inwardly with 10 ° of lift angles.

Steam collecting net 11 is fixedly connected through straight slot 121 and with the inner wall of water droplet collection channel 12, in the present embodiment, water Vapour collecting net 11 is perpendicular to water droplet collection channel 12.

Water supplying unit includes exposing portion and preburying part, and exposing portion is connected to steam recovery unit, and preburying part is located at vegetation list At the soil on first 1 root system periphery.The water storage cylinder that in the present embodiment, water supplying unit includes water supply pipe 13, is embedded in below earth's surface Body 14 and torsade 15.One end of water supply pipe 13 201 is connected to water droplet collection channel 12 and opening respectively, water supply pipe 13 it is another One end is connected to water storage cylinder body 14 is stated.The side wall of water storage cylinder body 14 concaves embedded with lid 16 is twisted, and torsade 15, which passes through, twists lid 16.Torsade 15 one end is located in water storage cylinder body 14 and is dipped in the water collected, and the other end of torsade 15 is located at 1 root system periphery of vegetation unit Soil at.

The rainwater collected in catchment recess on the water collected and solar panels 2 is passed through confession by water droplet collection channel 12 together Water lines 13 flow into water storage cylinder body 14, so that the growth of vegetation unit 1 is used.Torsade 15 is cotton material, and water absorbing properties are preferable.It twists One end of rope 15 is immersed in the water, and moisture is continual to be absorbed by torsade 15, and diffuses to torsade 15 according to along concentration gradient The other end.Because the other end of torsade 15 is located at the soil on 1 root system periphery of vegetation unit, thus moisture is diffused to via soil At the root system of vegetation unit 1, water source is provided for the growth of desert plant.Simultaneously as twisting lid 16 is set as concave, torsade 15 contact with sandy soil for part, and then limit the rate of outflow of moisture.

When the system works, luminosity induction device 8 can capture the most intense light irradiation position perpendicular to solar panels 2 in real time automatically It sets, and the position signal captured is converted into electric signal output to the processing module of control support arm motor work, handle mould Block sends out enabled instruction to support arm motor.Support arm electric motor starting and by transport of kinetic energy to pivotal axis 6, and then drive the second support arm 7 movements so that solar panels 2 are swung under the drive of the second support arm 7 along 6 semi-circumference of pivotal axis, so that it is guaranteed that solar panels 2 The peak use rate of solar energy can be realized in real time perpendicular to most strong solar irradiation direction at this time.Wait for that solar panels 2 rotate When to the vertical currently position of most intense light irradiation, processing module sends out halt instruction to support arm motor.Solar panels 2 will be collected into Solar energy is transformed into electric energy and stores into solar storage battery 3, and energy basis is provided for the work of the system all parts.

Vertically hang up steam collecting net 11, with the fog in the air of suction desert, after mist becomes water on solar panels 2 Catchment recess in the rainwater collected water storage cylinder body 14 is flowed by water supply pipe 13 together, for vegetation unit 1 growth it With.Moisture is diffused into the soil on 1 root system periphery of vegetation unit by being connected to the torsade 15 of water storage cylinder body 14 and 1 root system of vegetation unit In, provide water source supply for the growth of plant.

Embodiment 2

Embodiment 2 further defines on the basis of embodiment 1 and twists lid 16 including the liftable first half 161 and consolidate Fixed lower half 162, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5.Top half-round cross hole is provided at the center that the first half 161 is docked with lower half 162 163, lower semicircular through-hole 164, top half-round cross hole 163 and lower part are provided at the center that lower half 162 is docked with the first half 161 Half-round cross hole 164 encloses the circular through hole coordinated with torsade 15.

The inner wall of water storage cylinder body 14 is provided with driving motor 17, and the output shaft of driving motor 17 is connected with horizontal lead screw 18, Horizontal lead screw 18 is sequentially connected with vertical lead screw 19 by idle pulley, and vertical lead screw 19 is threadedly coupled with the first half 161, the first half 161 can be along 19 lifting moving of vertical lead screw.In the present embodiment, driving motor 17 is waterproof machine, on the market according to power need Asking directly to buy.

Vertical lead screw 19 is equipped with the first travel switch 20, the second travel switch 21 and third trip switch successively from the bottom to top 22.In the present embodiment, the first travel switch 20, the second travel switch 21 and third trip switch 22 are embedded in vertical lead screw 19 In, it avoids influencing the sliding up and down along vertical lead screw 19 of the first half 161.

First travel switch 20, the second travel switch 21 and third trip switch 22 are communicated to connect with driving motor 17.

First travel switch 20, the second travel switch 21, third trip switch 22 and driving motor 17 are stored with solar energy Battery 3 is electrically connected.

The environmental protection new system further includes control unit, and control unit includes:Position monitoring module, ambient humidity monitoring Module and processing module.

Position monitoring module is acquired for receiving the first travel switch 20, the second travel switch 21 and third trip switch 22 The first half 161 position data.

Ambient humidity monitoring modular is for being monitored the soil moisture on 1 root system periphery of vegetation unit.

The position data for the first half 161 that processing module is used to acquire and the humidity data of reception carry out logic analysis simultaneously It processes:

When monitoring lower limiting value of the humidity less than setting humidity section, processing module sends out startup to driving motor 17 and refers to It enables, when the first half 161 triggers third trip switch 22, processing module sends out halt instruction to driving motor 17;

When monitoring humidity within setting humidity section, processing module sends out enabled instruction to driving motor 17, waits for When the first half 161 triggers the second travel switch 21, processing module sends out halt instruction to driving motor 17;

When monitoring upper limit value of the humidity higher than setting humidity section, processing module sends out startup to driving motor 17 and refers to It enables, when the first half 161 triggers the first travel switch 20, processing module sends out halt instruction to driving motor 17.

In the present embodiment, humidity section is set as [55%, 80%].If ambient humidity monitoring module monitors are to vegetation unit When the soil moisture on 1 root system periphery is 50%, processing module sends out enabled instruction to driving motor 17.Driving motor 17 starts work Make, power passes to vertical lead screw 19 by horizontal lead screw 18 and idle pulley, and vertical lead screw 19 rotates and then drives 161 edge of the first half Vertical lead screw 19 rises.When the first half 161 triggers third trip switch 22, processing module sends out stopping to driving motor 17 and refers to It enables.With that is, driving motor 17 is stopped, at this point, the first half 161 is located at the top of vertical lead screw 19, top half-round cross hole 163 The diameter that the circular through hole coordinated with torsade 15 is enclosed with lower semicircular through-hole 164 is maximum, and torsade 15 is by circular through hole Extruding force is minimum, and the moisture in water storage cylinder body 14 is most fast along the diffusion velocity of torsade 15.

If the soil moisture on ambient humidity monitoring module monitors to 1 root system periphery of vegetation unit is 75%, processing module Enabled instruction is sent out to driving motor 17.Driving motor 17 is started to work, and power is passed to perpendicular by horizontal lead screw 18 and idle pulley Raw silk rings bar 19, vertical lead screw 19 rotate and then the first half 161 are driven to be moved along vertical lead screw 19.Wait for the triggering of the first half 161 second When travel switch 21, processing module sends out halt instruction to driving motor 17.With that is, driving motor 17 is stopped, at this point, on Half portion 161 is located at the centre position of vertical lead screw 19, and top half-round cross hole 163 is enclosed with lower semicircular through-hole 164 and torsade The diameter of the circular through hole of 15 cooperations reduces, and torsade 15 is increased by the extruding force of circular through hole, the moisture in water storage cylinder body 14 Along the diffusion velocity of torsade 15 be squeezed power influence and reduce.

If the soil moisture on ambient humidity monitoring module monitors to 1 root system periphery of vegetation unit is 85%, processing module Enabled instruction is sent out to driving motor 17.Driving motor 17 is started to work, and power is passed to perpendicular by horizontal lead screw 18 and idle pulley Raw silk rings bar 19, vertical lead screw 19 rotate and then the first half 161 are driven to be moved downward along vertical lead screw 19.Wait for that the first half 161 triggers When the first travel switch 20, processing module sends out halt instruction to driving motor 17.With that is, driving motor 17 is stopped, this When, the first half 161 is located at the lower part of vertical lead screw 19, and top half-round cross hole 163 is enclosed with lower semicircular through-hole 164 and torsade The diameter of the circular through hole of 15 cooperations is minimum, and torsade 15 is maximum by the extruding force of circular through hole, the moisture in water storage cylinder body 14 Diffusion velocity along torsade 15 is most slow.

Solar storage battery 3 is the first travel switch 20, the second travel switch 21, third trip switch 22 and driving motor 17 provide power source, take full advantage of the clean energy resource of desert area.Pass through the soil moisture to 1 root system periphery of vegetation unit Real-time monitoring, intelligent control twist lid 16 and torsade 15 fit clearance, control the freight volume of moisture, effectively meet plant not With the growth demand under humidity.In the design of scheme, the remittance amount of water droplet need to be calculated according to the concrete condition of desert Environment, To set the distance between travel switch, and then controls top half-round cross hole 163 and enclose and twist with lower semicircular through-hole 164 The variable quantity of the diameter of the circular through hole of 15 cooperation of rope, further controls the extruding force size of circular through hole suffered by torsade 15, most Diffusion velocity of the moisture in water storage cylinder body 14 along torsade 15 is controlled eventually.

Embodiment 3

Embodiment 3 enters to effectively reduce moisture during water storage cylinder body 14 on the basis of embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 Silt and large-sized solid particle are carried, the entrance for further defining water supply pipe 13 is equipped with filter 23.In the present embodiment, filter 23 can be selected the metal screen equipped with filter membrane.

Multiple clean energy resource collector units can be connected to steam recovery unit by water supply pipe 13 by this system, Collect in moisture to water storage cylinder body 14.Moisture enters the uninterrupted of water storage cylinder body 14 in order to control, it is further preferred that feed pipe The outlet on road 13 is equipped with motor-driven valve 24, and motor-driven valve 24 is electrically connected with solar storage battery 3.Pass through electronic 24 valve of valve of intelligent control Switch change, and then control water supply pipe 13 and be located at the variation of the cross section size at motor-driven valve 24, in real time grasp moisture stream Enter the uninterrupted of water storage cylinder body 14.

To prevent moisture accumulation in water storage cylinder body 14 from excessively causing the damage of cylinder body, still more preferably, water storage cylinder body 14 are additionally provided with the drainpipe 25 led to above the ground, water pump are provided in drainpipe 25, water pump is electrically connected with solar storage battery 3 It connects.It, not only can be by expanding top half-round cross hole 163 and lower semicircular through-hole when the ponding in water storage cylinder body 14 is excessive 164 enclose the diameter of the circular through hole coordinated with torsade 15, accelerate the rate of outflow of moisture, can also be by opening drainpipe Ponding in cylinder is effectively discharged water pump in 25.Meanwhile for avoid enter into after winter water storage cylinder body 14 because it is interior store up water due to freeze It splits, before entering the winter, the ponding in water storage cylinder body 14 can be extracted out by drainpipe 25, to protect water storage cylinder body 14.Such as Fig. 1 institutes Show.

According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of embodiment party of the environmental protection new system based on control of desert is additionally provided Method includes the following steps:

Step 1:Device of solar generating generates electricity by using the solar energy of desert area, and electric energy is stored into too In positive energy storage device;Wind electricity generating system generates electricity by using the wind energy of desert area, and electric energy is stored into wind energy and is stored In battery;

Step 2:Steam collecting net suction fog makes cloud and mist condense into water on the net, collects using desert day and night temperature Water storage is entered by water supply pipe together into water droplet collection channel, and with the rainwater collected in the catchment recess on solar panels Cylinder body;

Step 3:It is phytoremediation that moisture passes to soil by torsade;

Preferably, humidity section is set as [55%, 80%];According to the soil monitoring humidity on vegetation unit root system periphery with Setting humidity section is compared, and then starts driving motor, is adjusted the fit clearance for twisting lid and torsade, is controlled the transport of moisture Amount;

Step 4:Before entering the winter, motor-driven valve is closed, stops moisture and enters water storage cylinder body;And water storage cylinder is extracted out by drainpipe Internal water.

Beneficial effects of the present invention are:

1, this device utilizes the nylon wire coated with nano-hydrophilic coating, according to the water mist money generated in desert area air Source, poly- mist Cheng Shui, the rainwater collected in the catchment recess in the water resource and solar panels of acquisition is stored in the device together Portion, it is sustainable stabilize to plant provide growth needed for moisture, to solve the Irrigation Problems of desert plant, it is ensured that plant it is normal Growth, improves the survival rate of plant;

2, desert area solar energy and wind energy resources are made full use of, it can also be to while realizing present apparatus operating power source self-sufficiency Outer output has economic benefit;

3, the fit clearance that lid and torsade are twisted by intelligent control, controls the freight volume of moisture, effectively meets plant not With the growth demand under humidity;

4, the setting of vertical axis aerogenerator can not only reduce wind speed but also can check winds and fix drifting sand, and optimize desert Environment;

5, the apparatus structure is simple, reliable for operation, of low cost, and arid area is suitble to promote on a large scale.

The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, anyone can show that other are various under the inspiration of the present invention The product of form, however, make any variation in its shape or structure, it is every that there is skill identical or similar to the present application Art scheme, is within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of environmental protection new system based on control of desert, which is characterized in that the system comprises vegetation unit (1), clearly Clean energy collection unit, steam recovery unit and water supplying unit;
The vegetation unit (1) includes natural tree and artificial trees;
The clean energy resource collector unit includes device of solar generating and wind electricity generating system, the device of solar generating with The wind electricity generating system is integrated;
The steam recovery unit is located at the top of the system and is fixedly connected with the clean energy resource collector unit;
The water supplying unit includes exposing portion and preburying part, and the exposing portion is connected to the steam recovery unit, described pre-buried Portion is located at the soil on the vegetation unit (1) root system periphery.
2. the environmental protection new system according to claim 1 based on control of desert, which is characterized in that the solar energy hair Electric installation includes solar panels (2), solar storage battery (3), mounting seat (4) and the supporting rod (26) for being fixed on ground;
The bottom surface of the mounting seat (4) is fixedly connected with the top of the supporting rod (26);The upper table of the mounting seat (4) Face is fixed with the first support arm (5), and the free end of first support arm (5) is articulated with the second support arm by pivotal axis (6) (7);First support arm (5) is embedded with support arm motor, and output shaft and the pivotal axis (6) transmission of the support arm motor connect It connects;The free end of second support arm (7) is connect with the solar panels (2);The top surface edge of the solar panels (2) Place is embedded with interconnected catchment recess, and the side of the solar panels (2) is additionally provided with opens with what the catchment recess was connected to Mouth (201), the opening (201) are connected to the water supplying unit;
It is fixedly connected with luminosity induction device (8) at the top surface edge of the mounting seat (4);
The solar storage battery (3) is fixed on the upper surface of the mounting seat (4);
The solar storage battery (3) respectively with the solar panels (2), the support arm motor and the luminosity induction device (8) it is electrically connected;
The wind electricity generating system includes vertical axis aerogenerator (9) and is electrically connected with the vertical axis aerogenerator (9) Wind energy battery (10);The vertical axis aerogenerator (9) is located at the underface of the mounting seat (4), and described vertical D-axis wind-driven generator (9) is rotatablely connected with the supporting rod (26).
3. the environmental protection new system according to claim 2 based on control of desert, which is characterized in that the steam recycling Unit includes steam collecting net (11) and water droplet collection channel (12);The water droplet collection channel (12) and the solar panels (2) one end is fixedly connected, the steam collecting net (11) be located at the surface of the water droplet collection channel (12) and with it is described The inner wall of water droplet collection channel (12) is fixedly connected;The water droplet collection channel (12) is connected to the water supplying unit.
4. the environmental protection new system according to claim 3 based on control of desert, which is characterized in that the water droplet collects Channel (12) is tubular structure, and the tube wall of the water droplet collection channel (12) is in axial direction equipped with straight slot (121), the straight slot (121) it is connected to the inner cavity of the water droplet collection channel (12);
The steam collecting net (11) fixes company through the straight slot (121) and with the inner wall of the water droplet collection channel (12) It connects.
5. the environmental protection new system according to claim 3 based on control of desert, which is characterized in that the water droplet collects The outlet end in channel (12) is in axial direction provided inwardly with 10 ° of lift angles;Steam collecting net (11) surface is coated with nanometer parent Water paint.
6. the environmental protection new system according to claim 3 based on control of desert, which is characterized in that the water supplying unit Including water supply pipe (13), the water storage cylinder body (14) being embedded in below earth's surface and torsade (15);The one of the water supply pipe (13) End is connected to the water droplet collection channel (12) and the opening (201) respectively, the other end of the water supply pipe (13) and institute State water storage cylinder body (14) connection;The side wall of the water storage cylinder body (14) concaves embedded with lid (16) is twisted, and the torsade (15) passes through The twirl covers (16);One end of the torsade (15), which is located in the water storage cylinder body (14), to be dipped in the water collected, the torsade (15) the other end is located at the soil on the vegetation unit (1) root system periphery.
7. the environmental protection new system according to claim 6 based on control of desert, which is characterized in that the twirl covers (16) Including the liftable first half (161) and fixed lower half (162), the first half (161) and the lower half (162) are right Top half-round cross hole (163) is provided at the center connect, at the center that the lower half (162) is docked with the first half (161) It is provided with lower semicircular through-hole (164), the top half-round cross hole (163) is enclosed with the lower semicircular through-hole (164) and institute State the circular through hole of torsade (15) cooperation;
The inner wall of the water storage cylinder body (14) is provided with driving motor (17), and the output shaft of the driving motor (17) is connected with water Flat lead screw (18), the horizontal lead screw (18) are sequentially connected with vertical lead screw (19) by idle pulley, the vertical lead screw (19) with The first half (161) is threadedly coupled, and the first half (161) can be along vertical lead screw (19) lifting moving;
The vertical lead screw (19) is equipped with the first travel switch (20), the second travel switch (21) and the third line successively from the bottom to top Cheng Kaiguan (22);
First travel switch (20), second travel switch (21), third trip switch (22) and the driving Motor (17) is electrically connected with the solar storage battery (3).
8. the environmental protection new system according to claim 7 based on control of desert, which is characterized in that the system is also wrapped Control unit is included, described control unit includes:Position monitoring module, ambient humidity monitoring modular and processing module;
The position monitoring module is for receiving first travel switch (20), second travel switch (21) and described the Triple-travel switchs the position data of the first half (161) of (22) acquisition;The position monitoring module is additionally operable to described in reception Luminosity induction device (8) is captured perpendicular to the most intense light irradiation position of the solar panels (2);
The ambient humidity monitoring modular is for being monitored the soil moisture on vegetation unit (1) root system periphery;
The position data for the first half (161) that the processing module is used to acquire and the humidity data of reception carry out logic It analyzes and processes:
When monitoring lower limiting value of the humidity less than setting humidity section, the processing module sends out to the driving motor (17) and opens Dynamic instruction, when the first half (161) triggers the third trip and switchs (22), the processing module is to the driving motor (17) halt instruction is sent out;
When monitoring humidity within setting humidity section, the processing module sends out startup to the driving motor (17) and refers to It enables, when the first half (161) triggers the second travel switch (21), the processing module is to the driving motor (17) Send out halt instruction;
When monitoring upper limit value of the humidity higher than setting humidity section, the processing module sends out to the driving motor (17) and opens Dynamic instruction, when the first half (161) triggers the first travel switch (20), the processing module is to the driving motor (17) halt instruction is sent out;
The processing module is additionally operable to that the position data of the most intense light irradiation of acquisition is analyzed and processed:
When the luminosity induction device (8) captures perpendicular to the most intense light irradiation position of the solar panels (2), the processing Module sends out enabled instruction to the support arm motor, waits for that the solar panels (2) turn to the position of the vertical most intense light irradiation When, the processing module sends out halt instruction to the support arm motor.
9. the environmental protection new system according to claim 6 based on control of desert, which is characterized in that the water supply pipe (13) entrance is equipped with filter (23), and the outlet of the water supply pipe (13) is equipped with motor-driven valve (24);
The water storage cylinder body (14) is additionally provided with the drainpipe (25) led to above the ground, and water is provided in the drainpipe (25) Pump;
The motor-driven valve (24) and the water pump are electrically connected with the solar storage battery (3).
10. a kind of embodiment party of the environmental protection new system based on control of desert using described in any one of claim 1-9 Method, which is characterized in that the implementation includes the following steps:
Step 1:Device of solar generating generates electricity by using the solar energy of desert area, and electric energy is stored into solar energy In accumulator;Wind electricity generating system generates electricity by using the wind energy of desert area, and electric energy is stored into wind energy battery In;
Step 2:Steam collecting net suction fog makes cloud and mist condense into water on the net, is pooled to water using desert day and night temperature It drips in collection channel, and water storage cylinder is entered by water supply pipe together with the rainwater collected in the catchment recess on solar panels Body;
Step 3:It is phytoremediation that moisture passes to soil by torsade;
Preferably, humidity section is set as [55%, 80%];According to the soil monitoring humidity on vegetation unit root system periphery and setting Humidity section is compared, and then starts driving motor, is adjusted the fit clearance for twisting lid and torsade, is controlled the freight volume of moisture;
Step 4:Before entering the winter, motor-driven valve is closed, stops moisture and enters water storage cylinder body;And it is extracted out in water storage cylinder body by drainpipe Water.
CN201810413826.9A 2018-05-03 2018-05-03 A kind of environmental protection new system and implementation based on control of desert CN108617383A (en)

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CN203152175U (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-08-28 广东达华节水科技股份有限公司 Solar water-saving irrigation control device
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CN105794545A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-27 刘发民 Temperature, humidity and light intensity control machine of modernized solar greenhouse
CN205623630U (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-10-12 张家界航空工业职业技术学院 Diuresis case large capacity desert tree planting water -feed
CN106918012A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-07-04 四川大学 Highway rotary island greenbelt generates electricity and illuminates water-saving irrigation intellectuality integrated equipment

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1918969A (en) * 2005-08-23 2007-02-28 官辅忠 Vegetation automatic irrigation device
CN103202204A (en) * 2012-01-12 2013-07-17 陈钟 Landscape engineering system technology for producing water by wind and light energy in gobi desert
CN102986499A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-03-27 黑龙江海昌生物技术有限公司 Self-powered and cold air-assisted water-drawing self-irrigation system based on ground surface temperature difference
CN102919048A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-02-13 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 Quick method for relieving water deficit of plants in arid desert areas
CN203152175U (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-08-28 广东达华节水科技股份有限公司 Solar water-saving irrigation control device
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CN204762612U (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 武汉大学 Automatic irrigation equipment suitable for island desert
CN105794545A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-27 刘发民 Temperature, humidity and light intensity control machine of modernized solar greenhouse
CN205623630U (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-10-12 张家界航空工业职业技术学院 Diuresis case large capacity desert tree planting water -feed
CN106918012A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-07-04 四川大学 Highway rotary island greenbelt generates electricity and illuminates water-saving irrigation intellectuality integrated equipment

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