CN108609738A - The blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp of enclosure wall insertion monitoring electrode - Google Patents

The blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp of enclosure wall insertion monitoring electrode Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108609738A
CN108609738A CN201810656951.2A CN201810656951A CN108609738A CN 108609738 A CN108609738 A CN 108609738A CN 201810656951 A CN201810656951 A CN 201810656951A CN 108609738 A CN108609738 A CN 108609738A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
electrode
enclosure
artificial swamp
long
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810656951.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁彦礼
李为
李为一
韦益华
唐甫
白少元
熊彬
吕玉增
Original Assignee
桂林理工大学
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Application filed by 桂林理工大学 filed Critical 桂林理工大学
Priority to CN201810656951.2A priority Critical patent/CN108609738A/en
Publication of CN108609738A publication Critical patent/CN108609738A/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N27/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means
    • G01N27/02Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance
    • G01N27/04Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance by investigating resistance
    • G01N27/041Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance by investigating resistance of a solid body

Abstract

The invention discloses the blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamps that a kind of enclosure wall is embedded in monitoring electrode.Including water distribution area, gathering ground, main body packing area, water plant, monitoring electrode band, bar shaped copper electrode, connecting wire and long side enclosure wall;Wherein, the surrounding of main body packing area is water distribution area, gathering ground and long side enclosure wall, and water distribution area and gathering ground are opposite, and two long side enclosure walls are opposite;Each horizontal embedded 2 parallel monitoring electrode bands of long side enclosure wall difference, amount to embedded 4 and monitor electrode band;It is respectively 20cm apart from wetland top and bottom to monitor electrode band;Bar shaped copper electrode is installed on every monitoring electrode band, bar shaped copper electrode spacing is 20 100cm, and is connected respectively with conducting wire, and main body packing area top kind is implanted with water plant.The present invention fills up artificial swamp and blocks the blank accurately monitored, will provide technical guarantee for the lasting of the processing of various specifications artificial swamp, operation and maintenance and artificial swamp, Effec-tive Function.

Description

The blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp of enclosure wall insertion monitoring electrode
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of sewage, and in particular to a kind of blocking in-situ monitoring of enclosure wall insertion monitoring electrode Artificial swamp.
Background technology
Constructed wetland waste water treatment technology is a kind of sewage treatment ecological engineering technology risen the 1970s, by In having many advantages, such as that flexibility is good, small investment, low energy consumption, dirt-removing power is relatively strong, management is convenient, non-secondary pollution, using increasingly Generally.However in recent years, artificial swamp frequently occurs the problems such as blocking in the process of running, and purifying property declines, service life Shorten.As in 355 drowned flow artificial wet lands of the U.S. and Britain, nearly half is blocked in using 5 years, and filler waterpower passes Conductance declines to a great extent, and 80% flow directly more flows discharge system by bed body surface, and effluent quality deteriorates, and the length of service is by designing When 50-100 be reduced to 10 years, 5 years even it is shorter;The artificial swamps such as domestic white clay hole, wild goose field, Shatian also occur not With the clogging of degree.As it can be seen that the blockage problem inside artificial wet land system has seriously affected the lasting, high of artificial swamp Effect operation.
Currently, the research method for artificial swamp occurring judgment of clogging is relatively simple, it is all based on the apparent of tracer experiment Hydraulic detention time(HRT)And residence time destribution(RDT)It studies artificial swamp hydraulic performance characteristics, and passes through artificial swamp Hydraulic performance determines whether artificial swamp blocks.However this determining method blocked is both for artificial swamp entirety It is evaluated, blocking region can not be carried out accurately to forecast and position, cause to be directed to when administering blocking Artificial swamp integrally carries out replacing filler or dredging, time cost height, deficiency in economic performance.Therefore, for artificial swamp bottleneck area The accurate monitoring in domain is a problem to be solved.
So for this problem, it is artificial that the present invention devises a kind of blocking in-situ monitoring of enclosure wall insertion monitoring electrode Wetland can realize the essence blocked by way of the embedded electrode band in artificial swamp enclosure wall to the artificial swamp of different size Really monitoring.This method is to pass through embedded electricity premised on blocking the resistivity contrasts in filler region and unplugged filler region Mode of the pole with combination of two, two strip electrodes of monitoring realize the accurate pre- of stopping state with the change in resistance on control section Report.This method has simple design, economy, operational management convenient, and providing technology for the lasting of artificial swamp, Effec-tive Function protects Barrier.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is being directed to existing artificial swamp can not accurately monitor blocking region, causes to block to administer and safeguard do not have There is the problem of effective technical basis, a kind of build is provided and is easy, blocks the accurate artificial swamp of monitoring, it can be achieved that artificial swamp The accurate monitoring of blocking region provides technical guarantee for the lasting of artificial swamp, Effec-tive Function.
Electrical prospecting in applied geophysics is closely combined together by the artificial swamp with traditional artificial wetland, is filled Advantage of the two in respective field has been waved in distribution, and efficient resistivity detection method is integrated in traditional artificial swamp.
The invention is realized in this way:
A kind of blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp of enclosure wall insertion monitoring electrode, including water distribution area, gathering ground, main body packing area, Water plant, monitoring electrode band, bar shaped copper electrode, connecting wire and long side enclosure wall.Wherein, the surrounding of main body packing area is water distribution Area, gathering ground and long side enclosure wall, water distribution area and gathering ground are opposite, and two long side enclosure walls are opposite;Each long side enclosure wall is horizontal respectively Embedded 2 parallel monitoring electrode bands amount to embedded 4 monitorings electrode band;It is equal apart from wetland top and bottom respectively to monitor electrode band For 20cm;Bar shaped copper electrode is installed on every monitoring electrode band, bar shaped copper electrode spacing is 20-100cm, and is connected respectively with conducting wire It connects, main body packing area top kind is implanted with water plant.
With resistivity imaging tool between well be separately connected mounted on long side enclosure wall on one side on monitoring electrode band and another side Monitoring electrode band on enclosure wall, resistivity imaging tool passes through the bar shaped copper electrode monitored on electrode band and carries out resistivity prison between well It surveys, monitoring mode is carried out by the way of the Well-to-well geometrics in applied geophysics.
If artificial swamp does not block, each section Resistivity Characteristics are similar, and resistivity value difference is little, it is believed that It is uniform resistance, the resistivity value distribution between two monitoring electrode bands is more steady;If artificial swamp blocks, Filler hole in blocking region is mostly particles of inorganic material filling, and particles of inorganic material resistivity is higher than the resistivity of sewage, institute Can be higher than unplugged zone resistance rate with the resistivity of blocking region, the resistivity distribution between two monitoring electrode bands at this time It will be increased in blocking region part, the position blocked between two monitoring electrode bands can be positioned according to this.
Then, it reconnects another set and monitors electrode band(Enclosure wall on one side on monitoring electrode band and another side monitoring electricity Pole band pair-wise combination), realize that the blocking between two monitoring electrode bands monitors according to same way as above, final realization is entire The monitoring of artificial swamp.
The water plant is one kind in canna, reed, mullet grass and calamus.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention is directed to the monitoring of artificial swamp blocking region, and it is stifled can to fill up artificial swamp Fill in the blank accurately monitored.The artificial swamp, will be for the processing, operation and maintenance and people of various specifications artificial swamp by promoting The lasting of work wetland, Effec-tive Function provide technical guarantee.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp structural schematic diagram of enclosure wall of embodiment of the present invention insertion monitoring electrode.
It is marked in figure:1- water distribution areas;The gathering grounds 2-;3- main bodys packing area;4- water plants;5- first monitors electrode band; 6- second monitors electrode band;7- thirds monitor electrode band;8- the 4th monitors electrode band;9- bar shaped copper electrodes;10- conducting wires;11- One long side enclosure wall;12- the second long side enclosure walls.
Specific implementation mode
Only it is below presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention in any form.
Embodiment:
A kind of blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp of enclosure wall insertion monitoring electrode, as shown in Figure 1, equipped with water distribution area 1, gathering ground 2, Main body packing area 3, water plant 4, first monitor electrode band 5, second and monitor electrode band 6, the third monitoring prison of electrode band the 7, the 4th Survey electrode band 8, bar shaped copper electrode 9, conducting wire 10, the first long side enclosure wall 11, the second long side enclosure wall 12.
1 length × width × height of water distribution area is 2 × 0.2 × 1.2m;2 length × width × height of gathering ground is 2 × 0.2 × 1.2m;Main body 3 length × width × height of packing area is 4 × 2 × 1.2m;The surrounding of main body packing area 3 is water distribution area 1, gathering ground 2, the first long side enclosure wall 11 and the second long side enclosure wall 12, water distribution area 1 and gathering ground 2 are opposite, and the first long side enclosure wall 11 and the second long side enclosure wall 12 are opposite;The The horizontal embedded first monitoring electrode band 5 and second arranged in parallel of one long side enclosure wall 11 monitors electrode band 6, the first monitoring electrode band 5 apart from wetland bottom 20cm, and the second monitoring electrode band 6 is apart from 20cm at the top of wetland;The horizontal insertion of second long side enclosure wall 12 is parallel The third monitoring electrode band 7 and the 4th of arrangement monitors electrode band 8, and third monitors electrode band 7 apart from 20cm at the top of wetland, the 4th prison Electrode band 8 is surveyed apart from wetland bottom 20cm;Installation bar shaped copper electrode 9 on every monitoring electrode band, 9 spacing of bar shaped copper electrode are 20cm, and use conducting wire 10 to connect respectively, 3 top kind of main body packing area is implanted with 4 canna of water plant.
Sewage makes main body packing area 3 remain that sewage is saturated by uniformly flowing to main body packing area 3 after water distribution area 1 State.
The first monitoring electrode band 5 and third monitoring electrode band 7 are partnered first, electrode belt end is monitored two Conducting wire 10 connects resistivity imaging tool between well, and resistivity imaging tool is monitored by the first monitoring electrode band 5 and third between well Bar shaped copper electrode 9 on electrode band 7 carries out resistivity monitoring, and monitoring mode uses the side of the Well-to-well geometrics in applied geophysics Formula carries out.If section of the main body packing area 2 between the first monitoring electrode band 5 and third monitoring electrode band 7 does not occur stifled Plug, each section Resistivity Characteristics are similar, and resistivity value difference is little, it is believed that are uniform resistance, the first monitoring 5 He of electrode band It is more steady that third monitors the resistivity value distribution between electrode band 7;If main body packing area 3 monitors 5 He of electrode band first Section between third monitoring electrode band 7 blocks, then the filler hole in blocking region is mostly particles of inorganic material filling, and Particles of inorganic material resistivity is higher than the resistivity of sewage, so the resistivity of blocking region can be than unplugged zone resistance rate Height, at this time first monitoring electrode band 5 and third monitoring electrode band 7 between resistivity be distributed in blocking region part will increase, The position blocked between the first monitoring electrode band 5 and third monitoring electrode band 7 can be positioned according to this.
Then the first monitoring electrode band 5 and the 4th is monitored electrode band 8, second successively and monitors electrode band 6 and third monitoring Electrode band 7, second monitors electrode band 6 and the 4th and monitors the difference pair-wise combination of electrode band 8, respectively the monitoring electrode of pair-wise combination Resistivity imaging tool carries out resistivity monitoring between the conducting wire 10 of end connects well, finally realizes the blocking of entire artificial swamp Monitoring.
Monitoring time can be primary every monitoring in 3-6 months, judges whether blocking occurs according to monitoring data variation.
Artificial swamp main body packing area 3 is carried out in order to more accurately to block monitoring and positioning, it can be each period The data monitored are compared, and can not only monitor blocking position in this way, but also can monitor the development of blocking.
The above is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention in any form, it is every according to According to the technical spirit of the present invention to any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made by above example, still belong to the present invention The protection domain of scheme.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp of enclosure wall insertion monitoring electrode, it is characterised in that enclosure wall insertion monitoring electrode It includes water distribution area (1), gathering ground (2), main body packing area (3), water plant (4), monitoring electricity to block in-situ monitoring artificial swamp Pole band, bar shaped copper electrode (9), connecting wire (10) and long side enclosure wall;Wherein, the surrounding of main body packing area (3) is water distribution area (1), gathering ground (2) and long side enclosure wall, relatively, two long side enclosure walls are opposite for water distribution area (1) and gathering ground (2);Each long skirt The horizontal embedded 2 parallel monitoring electrode bands of wall difference, amount to embedded 4 and monitor electrode bands;Electrode band is monitored respectively apart from wet Ground top and bottom is 20cm;Installation bar shaped copper electrode (9) on every monitoring electrode band, bar shaped copper electrode (9) spacing is according to artificial Wetland size and monitoring accuracy are adjusted according to 20-100cm, and use conducting wire (10) to connect respectively, the plantation of main body packing area (3) top There is water plant (4);The water plant (4) is one kind in canna, reed, mullet grass and calamus.
CN201810656951.2A 2018-06-25 2018-06-25 The blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp of enclosure wall insertion monitoring electrode CN108609738A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104049279A (en) * 2014-06-28 2014-09-17 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning artificial wetland clogging area through resistivity curve
CN104267437A (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-07 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning constructed wetland blocked region through composite profiling apparent resistivity curves
CN104360398A (en) * 2014-11-23 2015-02-18 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning constructed wetland blocked area on basis of two-dimensional resistivity imaging technology
KR101556670B1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-10-01 동산콘크리트산업(주) Light filter type terraced artificial wetland
CN106277344A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-01-04 桂林理工大学 A kind of constructed wetland device with Rhizoma Acori Graminei as vegetation

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101556670B1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-10-01 동산콘크리트산업(주) Light filter type terraced artificial wetland
CN104049279A (en) * 2014-06-28 2014-09-17 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning artificial wetland clogging area through resistivity curve
CN104267437A (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-07 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning constructed wetland blocked region through composite profiling apparent resistivity curves
CN104360398A (en) * 2014-11-23 2015-02-18 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning constructed wetland blocked area on basis of two-dimensional resistivity imaging technology
CN106277344A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-01-04 桂林理工大学 A kind of constructed wetland device with Rhizoma Acori Graminei as vegetation

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