CN108605529A - A kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108605529A
CN108605529A CN201810256873.7A CN201810256873A CN108605529A CN 108605529 A CN108605529 A CN 108605529A CN 201810256873 A CN201810256873 A CN 201810256873A CN 108605529 A CN108605529 A CN 108605529A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stalk
feed
cavity
disintegrating
outside
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Pending
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CN201810256873.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王春峰
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王春峰
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Application filed by 王春峰 filed Critical 王春峰
Priority to CN201810256873.7A priority Critical patent/CN108605529A/en
Publication of CN108605529A publication Critical patent/CN108605529A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/02Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details

Abstract

The present invention relates to disintegrating apparatus technical fields, and disclose a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus, including first motor, the both sides of the first motor are fixedly connected with disintegrating mechanism by bent plate, the bottom of disintegrating mechanism is fixedly connected with sorting mechanism, the bottom of the sorting mechanism is provided with material receiving mechanism, left side at the top of the disintegrating mechanism is fixedly connected with pretreatment mechanism, the bottom of the first motor is connected with arbor, the upper socket in the outside of the arbor has the first driving wheel, it is connected with the first belt on the outside of first driving wheel, first belt is connected with the first driven wheel on the right side of inner cavity, the bottom of first driven wheel is connected with material return mechanism, the positive upper and lower part of the column spinner and the upper and lower part at the back side have been fixedly connected with lateral blade.It is poor that the present invention solves the problems, such as that traditional stalk crushes device functionality so that the stalk crushes functions of the equipments will be strong.

Description

A kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to disintegrating apparatus technical field, specially a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus.
Background technology
Stalk is the general name of ripe crops stem and leaf part, is often referred to wheat, rice, corn, potato, rape, cotton, sweet The remainder of sugarcane and other crops after harvesting seed, the photosynthetic product of crops have more than half to be present in stalk In, for stalk rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and organic matter etc., being one kind having multiduty reproducible living resources, stalk A kind of roughage, feature is crude fiber content height, and containing lignin etc., though lignocellulose cannot by pig, chicken profit With, but can be absorbed and utilized by livestocks such as ruminant ox, sheep, therefore in agriculture field, in order to improve the utilization of stalk Stalk, can be made the edible food of poultry farming by rate, and when the edible food of poultry farming is made in stalk, usually It needs first to crush processing to stalk.
Currently, traditional stalk crasher is in the process of running, usually blade rotation is driven to carry out stalk using motor Cutting and grinding, blade general structure is simple, can only carry out unidirectional cutting and grinding to stalk, the efficiency of cutting and grinding compared with It is low, and equipment itself shortage carries out screening function to the stalk after crushing and can not to not up to crushing desired stalk fragment Automatically send and returns carry out secondary cut, it is functional poor, in addition, before stalk crushing, often remained in many stalks There is excessive moisture, is more difficult to effectively be crushed, and traditional stalk disintegrating apparatus shortage pre-processes stalk, this just leads It causes traditional stalk to crush the poor problem of device functionality to occur.
Invention content
(1) the technical issues of solving
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus, solve traditional stalk crushing and set Standby functional poor problem.
(2) technical solution
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:A kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus, including first motor, The both sides of the first motor are fixedly connected with disintegrating mechanism by bent plate, and the bottom of disintegrating mechanism is fixedly connected with screening machine The bottom of structure, the sorting mechanism is provided with material receiving mechanism, and the left side at the top of the disintegrating mechanism is fixedly connected with preprocessor Structure, the bottom of the first motor are connected with arbor, and the upper socket in the outside of the arbor has the first driving wheel, and described first It is connected with the first belt on the outside of driving wheel, the first driven wheel, institute are connected on the right side of first belt inner cavity The bottom for stating the first driven wheel is connected with material return mechanism.
Preferably, the disintegrating mechanism include grinding barrel, annular groove, taper ring gear, rotating roller, column spinner, lateral blade, Vertical blade and angular wheel, the bottom of the bent plate are fixedly connected with grinding barrel, and the inner cavity of the grinding barrel is from top to bottom etc. Distance is opened up there are three annular groove, and the bottom of the annular groove inner cavity is fixedly connected with taper ring gear, the crushing barrel cavity top The middle part in portion is connected with column spinner through being connected with rotating roller on the outside of the rotating roller, the column spinner it is positive The upper and lower part at upper and lower part and the back side has been fixedly connected with lateral blade, the top and bottom of the column spinner from a left side to The right side is fixedly connected sequentially, and there are three vertical blades, and the one end of the column spinner far from rotating roller is fixedly connected with angular wheel.
Preferably, the lateral blade is located on the outside of column spinner the distribution that is centrosymmetric, and lateral blade and vertical knife It is in cross-distribution that piece, which is located on the outside of column spinner, and side of the angular wheel bottom far from column spinner and taper ring gear top are close It engages the side of column spinner.
Preferably, the sorting mechanism includes material collecting barrel, deflector chute and sieve plate, and the bottom of the grinding barrel is fixedly connected with Material collecting barrel, with right side through deflector chute is connected with, the bottom of the deflector chute, which is run through, to be connected at the top of the barrel cavity that gathers materials Sieve plate.
Preferably, the material receiving mechanism includes discharge nozzle, spacing ring, card slot, link block, lead screw, thread bush and fixture block, institute The middle part for bottom of the barrel of gathering materials is stated through discharge nozzle is connected with, restraining position ring block is fixedly connected in the middle part of the bottom of the barrel of gathering materials, it is described Lower part on the outside of spacing ring offers card slot, and the both sides of the bottom of the barrel of gathering materials have been fixedly connected with link block, the link block Inside through being connected with lead screw, the outside screw of the lead screw is connected with thread bush, and the bottom of the thread bush is fixedly connected There is fixture block.
Preferably, it is the semi-circular structure being recessed inwardly close to the side of spacing ring in the middle part of the fixture block, and semi-circular structure Radius is adapted with the radius of card slot, and the bottom of the discharge nozzle runs through spacing ring and extends to the outside of spacing ring.
Preferably, the pretreatment mechanism include protective cover, first rotating shaft, the second shaft, conveyer belt, the second driven wheel, Second belt, the second driving wheel, the second motor, heating room, wind turbine, guide duct, blast pipe, air outlet and feed well, the powder Left side at the top of broken bucket is communicated with protective cover, and the both sides of the protective cover inner cavity have been movably connected with first rotating shaft and second turn The outside of axis, the first rotating shaft and the second shaft is connected with conveyer belt, and the front of the first rotating shaft is through protection The enclosure is connected to the second driven wheel, and the second belt is connected on the outside of second driven wheel, second belt inner cavity Right side is connected with the second driving wheel, and the back side of second driving wheel is connected with the second motor, at the top of the protective cover Right side is fixedly connected with heating room, is communicated with wind turbine on the left of the heating room, guide duct, institute are communicated on the left of the wind turbine It states the one end of guide duct far from wind turbine and is communicated with blast pipe through protective cover, the bottom of the blast pipe from left to right uniformly opens up There are air outlet, the top on the left of the protective cover to be communicated with feed well.
Preferably, the material return mechanism includes feed back bucket, rotary shaft, helical blade and feed back pipe, the right side of the deflector chute Side is communicated with feed back bucket through material collecting barrel, and through rotary shaft is connected with, the outside of the rotary shaft is solid for the inner cavity of the feed back bucket Surely it is connected with helical blade, the top on the left of the feed back bucket is communicated with feed back pipe.
Preferably, the left end of the feed back pipe is connected to the top crushed on the right side of barrel cavity, and feed back pipe is in the right height in left bottom Structure, the top on the left of the feed back bucket are fixedly connected with the middle part on the right side of grinding barrel, and feed back is run through at the top of the rotary shaft Bucket is fixedly connected with the bottom of the first driven wheel.
Operation principle:After stalk is sent by feed well, stalk can be fallen on mesh belt, start the second motor And wind turbine, the second motor drive first rotating shaft to rotate by the second driving wheel, the second belt and the second driven wheel, first rotating shaft is matched Closing the second shaft can allow mesh belt to move, at this point, the stalk at the top of mesh belt follows mesh belt one It rises to grinding barrel side and moves, at the same time, the high temperature air for heating indoor chamber is pumped into and is sent into spray wind by guide duct by wind turbine Guan Zhong, high temperature air is converted into high-temperature high-speed airflow can be comprehensive to the progress of mobile stalk after the shunting of air outlet Drying, and be more prone to pulverized by the stalk after drying, entered in grinding barrel by protective cover by dry stalk, opened Dynamic first motor, first motor are rotated by arbor drive rotating roller, and rotating roller is by the lateral blade of column spinner drive and vertically Blade moves in a circle and carries out cutting and grinding to stalk in the horizontal direction, and when column spinner moves in a circle, due to taper Gear is engaged with taper ring gear, and therefore, angular wheel can rotate and drive the column spinner to be with the junction of itself and rotating roller Axis rotation can carry out stalk at this point, column spinner can drive lateral blade and vertical blade to be rotated in vertical direction simultaneously The cutting and grinding of different directions improve the crush efficiency of stalk, and the stalk fragment for being done only once cutting and grinding can be by grinding barrel The bottom of inner cavity falls into deflector chute and is slided backward from a left side in deflector chute, can be through sieving in stalk fragment moving process Plate, at this point, reaching the stalk fragment for crushing and requiring can fall into across sieve plate in material collecting barrel, and the stalk for not up to crushing requirement is broken Sector-meeting is entered by deflector chute in material return mechanism, can complete automatically to screen the stalk fragment after crushing in this way, is ensured The stalk fragment of collection can reach crushing requirement, improve the functionality of the equipment, and will collect the woven bag bag of stalk fragment Muzzle rotates forward two lead screws later in the outside of spacing ring, when lead screw drives thread bush to be moved to spacing ring side, screw thread Set drives fixture block to be moved to gag lever post side, and after two fixture blocks move a certain distance, fixture block can enter the inner cavity of card slot simultaneously It can coordinate card slot that the sack of woven bag is tightly clamped, in this way, when collecting stalk fragment, utilize the cooperation of fixture block and card slot Automatically the sack of woven bag is clamped, need not manually helps, reduce working strength, improve work efficiency, further carries The high functionality of the equipment, in addition, when starts first motor after, first motor passes through arbor and drives the first active rotation Dynamic, the first driving wheel drives rotary shaft to rotate by belt and the first driven wheel, and rotary shaft can drive helical blade to be rotated, At the same time, the stalk fragment for not up to crushing requirement slides and enters eventually into the inner cavity of feed back bucket in deflector chute inner cavity, this When, not up to crushing the stalk fragment of requirement can move up under the drive of the helical blade of rotation and finally be entered by feed back pipe Cutting and grinding next time are carried out to barrel cavity is crushed, are so moved in circles, until stalk fragment, which reaches crushing, to be required, The effective guarantee crushing effect of stalk, further improves the functionality of the equipment.
(3) advantageous effect
The present invention provides a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus.Has following advantageous effect:
(1), the present invention is by being arranged lateral blade, vertical blade, taper ring gear, angular wheel and column spinner so that opens Dynamic first motor, first motor are rotated by arbor drive rotating roller, and rotating roller is by the lateral blade of column spinner drive and vertically Blade moves in a circle and carries out cutting and grinding to stalk in the horizontal direction, and when column spinner moves in a circle, due to taper Gear is engaged with taper ring gear, and therefore, angular wheel can rotate and drive the column spinner to be with the junction of itself and rotating roller Axis rotation can carry out stalk at this point, column spinner can drive lateral blade and vertical blade to be rotated in vertical direction simultaneously The cutting and grinding of different directions improve the crush efficiency of stalk.
(2), the present invention is by being arranged deflector chute and sieve plate so that the stalk fragment for being done only once cutting and grinding can be by powder The bottom of broken barrel cavity falls into deflector chute and is slided backward from a left side in deflector chute, can pass through in stalk fragment moving process Sieve plate at this point, reaching the stalk fragment for crushing and requiring can fall into across sieve plate in material collecting barrel, and not up to crushes the stalk of requirement Fragment can be entered by deflector chute in material return mechanism, can complete automatically to screen the stalk fragment after crushing in this way, be protected The stalk fragment that barrier is collected can reach crushing and require, and improve the functionality of the equipment.
(3), the present invention is by being arranged lead screw, thread bush, fixture block and card slot so that will collect the woven bag bag of stalk fragment Muzzle rotates forward two lead screws later in the outside of spacing ring, when lead screw drives thread bush to be moved to spacing ring side, screw thread Set drives fixture block to be moved to gag lever post side, and after two fixture blocks move a certain distance, fixture block can enter the inner cavity of card slot simultaneously It can coordinate card slot that the sack of woven bag is tightly clamped, in this way, when collecting stalk fragment, utilize the cooperation of fixture block and card slot Automatically the sack of woven bag is clamped, need not manually helps, reduce working strength, improves work efficiency, thus into one Step improves the functionality of the equipment.
(4), the present invention is made by the way that helical blade, feed back pipe and feed back bucket is arranged after starting first motor, first Motor drives the rotation of the first driving wheel, the first driving wheel to drive rotary shaft to rotate by belt and the first driven wheel by arbor, Rotary shaft can drive helical blade to be rotated, and at the same time, the stalk fragment for not up to crushing requirement is slided in deflector chute inner cavity The inner cavity of feed back bucket is moved and enters eventually into, at this point, not up to crushing desired stalk fragment can be in the helical blade band of rotation It moves up under dynamic and is finally entered by feed back pipe and crush barrel cavity and carried out cutting and grinding next time, so recycle past Multiple, until stalk fragment, which reaches crushing, to be required until, the effective guarantee crushing effect of stalk sets to further improve this Standby functionality.
(5), the present invention is by being arranged blast pipe, air outlet and mesh belt so that stalk is sent into it by feed well Afterwards, stalk can be fallen on mesh belt, start the second motor and wind turbine, the second motor pass through the second driving wheel, the second skin Band and the second driven wheel drive first rotating shaft rotation, first rotating shaft that the second shaft is coordinated mesh belt can be allowed to move, at this point, Stalk at the top of mesh belt follows mesh belt to be moved together to grinding barrel side, and at the same time, wind turbine will add The high temperature air of hot cell inner cavity is pumped into and is sent into blast pipe by guide duct, and high temperature air is converted into high-temperature high-speed airflow by going out Comprehensive drying can be carried out to mobile stalk after the shunting in air port, and is more prone to by powder by the stalk after drying It is broken, to further improve the crush efficiency of stalk.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram that the present invention crushes structure;
Fig. 3 is enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of sorting mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of material receiving mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of present invention pretreatment mechanism;
Fig. 7 is enlarged drawing at B in this Fig. 6.
In figure:1 first motor, 2 bent plates, 3 disintegrating mechanisms, 301 grinding barrels, 302 annular grooves, 303 taper ring gears, 304 rotations Transfer roller, 305 column spinners, 306 lateral blades, 307 vertical blades, 308 angular wheels, 4 sorting mechanisms, 401 material collecting barrels, 402 are led Hopper, 403 sieve plates, 5 material receiving mechanisms, 501 discharge nozzles, 502 spacing rings, 503 card slots, 504 link blocks, 505 lead screws, 506 screw threads Set, 507 fixture blocks, 6 pretreatment mechanisms, 601 protective covers, 602 first rotating shafts, 603 second shafts, 604 conveyer belts, 605 second from Driving wheel, 606 second belts, 607 second driving wheels, 608 second motors, 609 heating rooms, 610 wind turbines, 611 guide ducts, 612 sprays Air hose, 613 air outlets, 614 feed wells, 7 arbors, 8 first driving wheels, 9 first belts, 10 first driven wheels, 11 material return mechanisms, 111 feed back buckets, 112 rotary shafts, 113 helical blades, 114 feed back pipes.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in figs. 1-7, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution:A kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus, including first motor 1, the The both sides of one motor 1 are fixedly connected with disintegrating mechanism 3 by bent plate 2, and disintegrating mechanism 3 includes grinding barrel 301, annular groove 302, cone Shape ring gear 303, rotating roller 304, column spinner 305, lateral blade 306, vertical blade 307 and angular wheel 308, the bottom of bent plate 2 Portion is fixedly connected with grinding barrel 301, and the inner cavity of grinding barrel 301 is equidistant from top to bottom to open up that there are three annular groove 302, annular grooves The bottom of 302 inner cavities is fixedly connected with taper ring gear 303, and the middle part of 301 inner cavity top of grinding barrel, which is run through, is connected with rotating roller 304, the outside of rotating roller 304 is connected with column spinner 305, the positive upper and lower part of column spinner 305 and the back side it is upper Portion and lower part have been fixedly connected with lateral blade 306, and the top and bottom of column spinner 305 are from left to right fixedly connected sequentially and have three A vertical blade 307, the one end of column spinner 305 far from rotating roller 304 are fixedly connected with angular wheel 308,306, lateral blade It is centrosymmetric distribution in the outside of column spinner 305, and lateral blade 306 is located on the outside of column spinner 305 with vertical blade 307 and is in Cross-distribution, side of 308 bottom of angular wheel far from column spinner 305 is with 303 top of taper ring gear close to the one of column spinner 305 Side is engaged, and by the way that lateral blade 306, vertical blade 307, taper ring gear 303, angular wheel 308 and column spinner 305 is arranged, is made First motor 1 must be started, first motor 1 drives rotating roller 304 to rotate by arbor 7, and rotating roller 304 passes through 305 band of column spinner Dynamic transverse direction blade 306 and vertical blade 307 move in a circle and carry out cutting and grinding to stalk in the horizontal direction, and in column spinner 305 when moving in a circle, since angular wheel 308 is engaged with taper ring gear 303, angular wheel 308 can rotate simultaneously Drive column spinner 305 using its junction with rotating roller 304 as axis rotation, at this point, column spinner 305 can drive lateral knife simultaneously Piece 306 and vertical blade 307 are rotated in vertical direction, and the cutting and grinding of different directions can be carried out to stalk, improve stalk The bottom of crush efficiency, disintegrating mechanism 3 is fixedly connected with sorting mechanism 4, and sorting mechanism 4 includes material collecting barrel 401, deflector chute 402 It is fixedly connected with material collecting barrel 401 with the bottom of sieve plate 403, grinding barrel 301, the top of 401 inner cavity of material collecting barrel is run through with right side to be connected It is connected to deflector chute 402, the bottom of deflector chute 402, by the way that deflector chute 402 and sieve plate 403 is arranged, makes through sieve plate 403 is connected with The stalk fragment of cutting and grinding, which must be done only once, to be fallen into deflector chute 402 and in guide by the bottom of 301 inner cavity of grinding barrel It is slided backward from a left side in slot 402, sieve plate 403 can be passed through in stalk fragment moving process, at this point, reaching the stalk for crushing and requiring Fragment can be fallen into across sieve plate 403 in material collecting barrel 401, and the stalk fragment for not up to crushing requirement can be entered by deflector chute 402 Into material return mechanism 11, it can complete automatically to screen the stalk fragment after crushing in this way, ensure the stalk fragment of collection Crushing can be reached to require, improve the functionality of the equipment, the bottom of sorting mechanism 4 is provided with material receiving mechanism 5, material receiving mechanism 5 Including discharge nozzle 501, spacing ring 502, card slot 503, link block 504, lead screw 505, thread bush 506 and fixture block 507, material collecting barrel The middle part of 401 bottoms is fixedly connected with restraining position ring block 502 through discharge nozzle 501 is connected in the middle part of 401 bottom of material collecting barrel, limit The lower part in 502 outside of ring offers card slot 503, and the both sides of 401 bottom of material collecting barrel have been fixedly connected with link block 504, link block 504 inside is connected with thread bush 506 through lead screw 505, the outside screw of lead screw 505 is connected with, and the bottom of thread bush 506 is solid Surely it is connected with fixture block 507,507 middle part of fixture block is the semi-circular structure being recessed inwardly close to the side of spacing ring 502, and semi-circular structure Radius be adapted with the radius of card slot 503, the bottom of discharge nozzle 501 is through spacing ring 502 and extends to the outer of spacing ring 502 Side, by the way that lead screw 505, thread bush 506, fixture block 507 and card slot 503 is arranged so that the woven bag sack of stalk fragment will be collected It is sleeved on the outside of spacing ring 502, rotates forward two lead screws 505 later, lead screw 505 drives thread bush 506 to spacing ring 502 1 When side is moved, thread bush 506 drives fixture block 507 to be moved to gag lever post side, after two fixture blocks 507 move a certain distance, Fixture block 507 can enter the inner cavity of card slot 503 and can coordinate card slot 503 that the sack of woven bag is tightly clamped, in this way, collecting When stalk fragment, the sack of woven bag is clamped automatically using the cooperation of fixture block 507 and card slot 503, need not manually help, drop Low working strength, improves work efficiency, to further improve the function of the equipment, the left side at 3 top of disintegrating mechanism It is fixedly connected with pretreatment mechanism 6, pretreatment mechanism 6 includes protective cover 601, first rotating shaft 602, the second shaft 603, conveyer belt 604, the second driven wheel 605, the second belt 606, the second driving wheel 607, the second motor 608, heating room 609, wind turbine 610, lead The left side of air hose 611, blast pipe 612, air outlet 613 and feed well 614,301 top of grinding barrel is communicated with protective cover 601, prevents The both sides of 601 inner cavity of shield have been movably connected with first rotating shaft 602 and the second shaft 603, first rotating shaft 602 and the second shaft 603 outside is connected with conveyer belt 604, and the front of first rotating shaft 602 is socketed with the second driven wheel through protective cover 601 605, the outside of the second driven wheel 605 is connected with the second belt 606, and the second belt is connected on the right side of 606 inner cavity The back side of second driving wheel 607, the second driving wheel 607 is connected with the second motor 608, and the right side at 601 top of protective cover, which is fixed, to be connected It is connected to heating room 609, the left side of heating room 609 is communicated with wind turbine 610, and the left side of wind turbine 610 is communicated with guide duct 611, wind-guiding The one end of pipe 611 far from wind turbine 610 is communicated with blast pipe 612 through protective cover 601, and the bottom of blast pipe 612 is from left to right equal Even to offer air outlet 613, the top in 601 left side of protective cover is communicated with feed well 614, by the way that blast pipe 612, air outlet is arranged 613 and mesh belt 604 so that after being sent into stalk by feed well 614, stalk can be fallen on mesh belt 604, Start the second motor 608 and wind turbine 610, the second motor 608 passes through the second driving wheel 607, the second belt 606 and the second driven wheel 605 drive first rotating shaft 602 to rotate, and first rotating shaft 602 coordinates the second shaft 603 that mesh belt 604 can be allowed to move, this When, the stalk positioned at 604 top of mesh belt follows mesh belt 604 to be moved together to 301 side of grinding barrel, same with this When, the high temperature air for heating 609 inner cavity of room is pumped into and is sent into blast pipe 612 by guide duct 611, high temperature air by wind turbine 610 Mobile stalk can be carried out comprehensive drying after the shunting of air outlet 613 by being converted into high-temperature high-speed airflow, and It is more prone to pulverized by the stalk after drying, to further improve the crush efficiency of stalk, the bottom of first motor 1 It is connected with arbor 7, the upper socket in the outside of arbor 7 has the first driving wheel 8, the outside of the first driving wheel 8 to be connected with One belt 9 is connected with the first driven wheel 10 on the right side of first belt, 9 inner cavity, and the bottom of the first driven wheel 10 is connected with back Expect that mechanism 11, material return mechanism 11 include feed back bucket 111, rotary shaft 112, helical blade 113 and feed back pipe 114, deflector chute 402 Right side is communicated with feed back bucket 111 through material collecting barrel 401, and the inner cavity of feed back bucket 111, which is run through, is connected with rotary shaft 112, rotary shaft 112 Outside be fixedly connected with helical blade 113, the top in 111 left side of feed back bucket is communicated with feed back pipe 114, a left side for feed back pipe 114 End is connected to the top on the right side of 301 inner cavity of grinding barrel, and feed back pipe 114 is in the right high structure in left bottom, the top in 111 left side of feed back bucket It is fixedly connected with the middle part on 301 right side of grinding barrel, the bottom of feed back bucket 111 and the first driven wheel 10 is run through at the top of rotary shaft 112 Portion is fixedly connected, by the way that helical blade 113, feed back pipe 114 and feed back bucket 111 is arranged so that after starting first motor 1, the One motor 1 drives the rotation of the first driving wheel 8, the first driving wheel 8 to drive rotation by belt and the first driven wheel 10 by arbor 7 Axis 112 rotates, and rotary shaft 112 can drive helical blade 113 to be rotated, and at the same time, the stalk for not up to crushing requirement is broken Piece slides and enters eventually into the inner cavity of feed back bucket 111 in 402 inner cavity of deflector chute, at this point, it is broken not up to crush desired stalk Sector-meeting rotation helical blade 113 drive under move up and finally by feed back pipe 114 enter 301 inner cavity of grinding barrel by into Row cutting and grinding next time, so move in circles, until stalk fragment, which reaches crushing, to be required, effective guarantee stalk Crushing effect, to further improve the functionality of the equipment.
Operation principle:After stalk is sent by feed well 614, stalk can be fallen on mesh belt 604, start the Two motors 608 and wind turbine 610, the second motor 608 pass through 605 band of the second driving wheel 607, the second belt 606 and the second driven wheel Dynamic first rotating shaft 602 rotates, and first rotating shaft 602 coordinates the second shaft 603 that mesh belt 604 can be allowed to move, at this point, being located at The stalk at 604 top of mesh belt follows mesh belt 604 to be moved together to 301 side of grinding barrel, at the same time, wind turbine The high temperature air for heating 609 inner cavity of room is pumped into and is sent into blast pipe 612 by guide duct 611 by 610, and high temperature air is converted into height Warm high-speed flow can carry out mobile stalk comprehensive drying after the shunting of air outlet 613, and by drying Stalk afterwards is more prone to pulverized, is entered in grinding barrel 301 by protective cover 601 by dry stalk, starts first motor 1, first motor 1 drives rotating roller 304 to rotate by arbor 7, and rotating roller 304 drives 306 He of lateral blade by column spinner 305 Vertical blade 307 moves in a circle and carries out cutting and grinding to stalk in the horizontal direction, and moves in a circle in column spinner 305 When, since angular wheel 308 is engaged with taper ring gear 303, angular wheel 308 can rotate and drive column spinner 305 Using its junction with rotating roller 304 as axis rotation, at this point, column spinner 305 can drive lateral blade 306 and vertical knife simultaneously Piece 307 vertical direction rotate, can to stalk carry out different directions cutting and grinding, improve the crush efficiency of stalk, by into The stalk fragment of cutting and grinding of row can be fallen by the bottom of 301 inner cavity of grinding barrel in deflector chute 402 and in deflector chute 402 It is slided backward from a left side, sieve plate 403 can be passed through in stalk fragment moving process, at this point, reaching the stalk fragment meeting for crushing and requiring It is fallen into material collecting barrel 401 across sieve plate 403, and the stalk fragment for not up to crushing requirement can enter feed back by deflector chute 402 In mechanism 11, it can complete automatically to screen the stalk fragment after crushing in this way, ensure that the stalk fragment of collection can reach It is required to crushing, improves the functionality of the equipment, and the woven bag sack for collecting stalk fragment is sleeved on the outer of spacing ring 502 Side rotates forward two lead screws 505 later, when lead screw 505 drives thread bush 506 to be moved to 502 side of spacing ring, thread bush 506 drive fixture block 507 to be moved to gag lever post side, and after two fixture blocks 507 move a certain distance, fixture block 507 can enter card The inner cavity of slot 503 simultaneously can coordinate card slot 503 that the sack of woven bag is tightly clamped, in this way, when collecting stalk fragment, utilize The cooperation of fixture block 507 and card slot 503 automatically clamps the sack of woven bag, need not manually help, reduce working strength, carry High working efficiency, further improves the functionality of the equipment, in addition, when start first motor 1 after, first motor 1 is led to Crossing arbor 7 drives the rotation of the first driving wheel 8, the first driving wheel 8 to drive 112 turns of rotary shaft by belt and the first driven wheel 10 Dynamic, rotary shaft 112 can drive helical blade 113 to be rotated, and at the same time, not up to crush the stalk fragment of requirement in guide The inner cavity of feed back bucket 111 is slided and entered eventually into 402 inner cavity of slot, at this point, not up to crushing desired stalk fragment can turn Dynamic helical blade 113 moves up under driving and finally enters 301 inner cavity of grinding barrel by feed back pipe 114 and carried out next time Cutting and grinding, so move in circles, until stalk fragment, which reaches crushing, to be required, the crushing effect of effective guarantee stalk Fruit further improves the functionality of the equipment.
Can to sum up obtain, the stalk disintegrating apparatus, by be arranged lateral blade 306, vertical blade 307, taper ring gear 303, Angular wheel 308, column spinner 305, deflector chute 402, sieve plate 403, lead screw 505, thread bush 506, fixture block 507, card slot 503, spiral shell Vane piece 113, feed back pipe 114, feed back bucket 111, blast pipe 612, air outlet 613 and mesh belt 604, solve traditional straw The functional poor problem of stalk disintegrating apparatus.
It should be noted that herein, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any actual relationship or order or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements is not only wanted including those Element, but also include other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited by sentence " including a reference structure ", is not arranged Except there is also other identical elements in the process, method, article or apparatus that includes the element.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with Understanding without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention can carry out these embodiments a variety of variations, modification, replace And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus, including first motor (1), it is characterised in that:The both sides of the first motor (1) pass through song Plate (2) is fixedly connected with disintegrating mechanism (3), and the bottom of disintegrating mechanism (3) is fixedly connected with sorting mechanism (4), the screening machine The bottom of structure (4) is provided with material receiving mechanism (5), and the left side at the top of the disintegrating mechanism (3) is fixedly connected with pretreatment mechanism (6), the bottom of the first motor (1) is connected with arbor (7), and the upper socket in the outside of the arbor (7) has the first active It takes turns (8), the first belt (9), the right side of the first belt (9) inner cavity is connected on the outside of first driving wheel (8) It is connected with the first driven wheel (10), the bottom of first driven wheel (10) is connected with material return mechanism (11).
2. a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The disintegrating mechanism (3) includes crushing It is bucket (301), annular groove (302), taper ring gear (303), rotating roller (304), column spinner (305), lateral blade (306), vertical The bottom of blade (307) and angular wheel (308), the bent plate (2) is fixedly connected with grinding barrel (301), the grinding barrel (301) inner cavity is equidistant from top to bottom to be opened up there are three annular groove (302), and the bottom of annular groove (302) inner cavity is fixed It is connected with taper ring gear (303), the middle part of grinding barrel (301) inner cavity top, which is run through, is connected with rotating roller (304), the rotation Column spinner (305), the positive upper and lower part and the back side of the column spinner (305) are connected on the outside of transfer roller (304) Upper and lower part be fixedly connected with lateral blade (306), the top and bottom of the column spinner (305) are from left to right successively It is fixedly connected there are three vertical blade (307), the one end of the column spinner (305) far from rotating roller (304) is fixedly connected with cone Shape gear (308).
3. a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The transverse direction blade (306) is located at rotation Be centrosymmetric distribution on the outside of rotary column (305), and lateral blade (306) is located at column spinner (305) outside with vertical blade (307) Side is in cross-distribution, is leaned at the top of side of angular wheel (308) bottom far from column spinner (305) and taper ring gear (303) The side engagement of nearly column spinner (305).
4. a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sorting mechanism (4) includes gathering materials Bucket (401), deflector chute (402) and sieve plate (403), the bottom of the grinding barrel (301) are fixedly connected with material collecting barrel (401), institute The top of material collecting barrel (401) inner cavity is stated with right side through deflector chute (402) is connected with, the bottom of the deflector chute (402) is run through It is connected with sieve plate (403).
5. a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The material receiving mechanism (5) includes discharging Manage (501), spacing ring (502), card slot (503), link block (504), lead screw (505), thread bush (506) and fixture block (507), institute The middle part of material collecting barrel (401) bottom is stated through discharge nozzle (501) is connected with, the middle part of material collecting barrel (401) bottom, which is fixed, to be connected It is connected to spacing ring (502), the lower part on the outside of the spacing ring (502) offers card slot (503), material collecting barrel (401) bottom Both sides be fixedly connected with link block (504), the inside of the link block (504) is through being connected with lead screw (505), the silk The outside screw of bar (505) is connected with thread bush (506), and the bottom of the thread bush (506) is fixedly connected with fixture block (507).
6. a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Close to limit in the middle part of the fixture block (507) The side of position ring (502) is the semi-circular structure being recessed inwardly, and the radius of semi-circular structure is adapted with the radius of card slot (503), The bottom of the discharge nozzle (501) runs through spacing ring (502) and extends to the outside of spacing ring (502).
7. a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The pretreatment mechanism (6) includes anti- Shield (601), first rotating shaft (602), the second shaft (603), conveyer belt (604), the second driven wheel (605), the second belt (606), the second driving wheel (607), the second motor (608), heating room (609), wind turbine (610), guide duct (611), blast pipe (612), air outlet (613) and feed well (614), the left side at the top of the grinding barrel (301) are communicated with protective cover (601), institute The both sides for stating protective cover (601) inner cavity have been movably connected with first rotating shaft (602) and the second shaft (603), described first turn Axis (602) and the outside of the second shaft (603) are connected with conveyer belt (604), and the front of the first rotating shaft (602) is passed through It wears protective cover (601) and is socketed with the second driven wheel (605), the second skin is connected on the outside of second driven wheel (605) With (606), the second driving wheel (607), second driving wheel are connected on the right side of the second belt (606) inner cavity (607) the back side is connected with the second motor (608), and the right side at the top of the protective cover (601) is fixedly connected with heating room (609), it is communicated with wind turbine (610) on the left of the heating room (609), guide duct is communicated on the left of the wind turbine (610) (611), the one end of the guide duct (611) far from wind turbine (610) is communicated with blast pipe (612) through protective cover (601), described The bottom of blast pipe (612) is from left to right uniformly provided with air outlet (613), the top connection on the left of the protective cover (601) There is feed well (614).
8. a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The material return mechanism (11) includes feed back Bucket (111), rotary shaft (112), helical blade (113) and feed back pipe (114), the right side of the deflector chute (402), which is run through, to gather materials Bucket (401) is communicated with feed back bucket (111), and the inner cavity of the feed back bucket (111), which is run through, is connected with rotary shaft (112), the rotation Helical blade (113) is fixedly connected on the outside of axis (112), the top on the left of the feed back bucket (111) is communicated with feed back pipe (114)。
9. a kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The left end of the feed back pipe (114) with Top connection on the right side of grinding barrel (301) inner cavity, and feed back pipe (114) is in the right high structure in left bottom, feed back bucket (111) left side Top be fixedly connected with the middle part on the right side of grinding barrel (301), the top of the rotary shaft (112) through feed back bucket (111) with The bottom of first driven wheel (10) is fixedly connected.
CN201810256873.7A 2018-03-27 2018-03-27 A kind of stalk disintegrating apparatus Pending CN108605529A (en)

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CN206993782U (en) * 2017-07-27 2018-02-13 李清华 A kind of straw millstone with drying function
CN107719764A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-02-23 咸丰隆态生物科技有限公司 A kind of biomass fertilizers sack-filling device
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CN103919249A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 潍坊华和食品有限公司 Fruit and vegetable dryer
CN204236829U (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-04-01 安徽溪瑞食品有限公司 A kind of flour bag fixed sturcture
CN204726728U (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-10-28 芜湖市鹏磊新材料有限公司 A kind of amargosite blanking bag clamping device
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CN107719764A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-02-23 咸丰隆态生物科技有限公司 A kind of biomass fertilizers sack-filling device

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