CN108600464B - Electronic equipment and function module control method thereof - Google Patents

Electronic equipment and function module control method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108600464B
CN108600464B CN201810631567.7A CN201810631567A CN108600464B CN 108600464 B CN108600464 B CN 108600464B CN 201810631567 A CN201810631567 A CN 201810631567A CN 108600464 B CN108600464 B CN 108600464B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
electronic
shell
functional module
module
camera module
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201810631567.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108600464A (en
Inventor
左州全
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
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Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201810631567.7A priority Critical patent/CN108600464B/en
Publication of CN108600464A publication Critical patent/CN108600464A/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2019/089361 external-priority patent/WO2019242480A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108600464B publication Critical patent/CN108600464B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers
    • H04M1/02Constructional features of telephone sets
    • H04M1/0202Portable telephone sets, e.g. cordless phones, mobile phones or bar type handsets
    • H04M1/026Details of the structure or mounting of specific components
    • H04M1/0264Details of the structure or mounting of specific components for a camera module assembly
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/222Studio circuitry; Studio devices; Studio equipment ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/225Television cameras ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules specially adapted for being embedded in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/2257Mechanical and electrical details of cameras or camera modules for embedding in other devices

Abstract

The application relates to an electronic device, which comprises a shell, a functional module, a driving assembly, an operating piece, a locking piece and a key circuit board. The shell is provided with a through hole, and the functional module can be selectively arranged in the shell or extend out of the shell through the through hole. The driving assembly is arranged in the shell and connected to the functional module. The operating member is movably connected to the housing and partially exposed outside the housing. The locking piece is connected between the operating piece and the functional module and can be movably clamped in the functional module, and when the locking piece is driven by the operating piece to be separated from the functional module, the functional module is driven by the driving component to extend out of the shell from the through hole. The key circuit board is arranged in the shell and is triggered by the operating part to activate the functional module. The electronic equipment can avoid the situation that holes used for receiving or exposing the functional modules are formed in the front face or/and the back face of the shell of the electronic equipment due to the fact that the telescopic structure of the functional modules is arranged, and is beneficial to freeing more installation space for the display panel so as to improve the screen occupation ratio.

Description

Electronic equipment and function module control method thereof
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of electronic equipment.
Background
With the continuous development of electronic technology, electronic devices such as smart phones or tablet computers have become electronic devices commonly used by users. At present, electronic equipment with a camera is more and more common, and the camera makes electronic equipment still can take pictures, make a video recording when having the conversation function to greatly richen and expand electronic equipment's service function, increased a lot of enjoyment for people's life.
However, in order to facilitate the user to take a picture or self-shoot, the cameras on the electronic device are generally disposed on the front side or/and the back side of the electronic device housing, and the cameras occupy a substantial portion of the front side or/and the back side of the electronic device housing, which makes the area occupied by the screen of the electronic device relatively small, and does not meet the current trend of large screen occupation ratio pursued by the user.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, embodiments of the present application provide an electronic device with a relatively large screen area ratio, so as to solve the above technical problem.
The embodiment of the application provides an electronic device, including casing, function module, drive assembly, operating parts, locking piece and key circuit board. The shell is provided with a through hole, and the functional module can be selectively arranged in the shell or extend out of the shell through the through hole. The driving assembly is arranged in the shell and connected to the functional module. The operating member is movably connected to the housing and partially exposed outside the housing. The locking piece is connected between the operating piece and the functional module and can be movably clamped in the functional module, and when the locking piece is driven by the operating piece to be separated from the functional module, the functional module is driven by the driving component to extend out of the shell from the through hole. The key circuit board is arranged in the shell and is triggered by the operating part to activate the functional module.
An embodiment of the present application further provides a method for controlling a functional module, which is executed in any one of the electronic devices, where the method for controlling the functional module includes: receiving a pressing signal of the key circuit board; detecting the position state of the functional module relative to the shell; and if the functional module is judged to be in the extending limit position relative to the shell, generating a corresponding functional module control signal according to the pressing signal.
Therefore, the electronic equipment provided by the embodiment of the application has the telescopic structure, so that the functional module is allowed to extend out when being used, and is retracted into the shell when the functional module is not needed, and holes for receiving or exposing the functional module can be avoided being formed in the front surface or/and the back surface of the shell of the electronic equipment, so that the shell can keep good appearance integrity, and the electronic equipment is more attractive. In addition, the functional module can stretch out and draw back and not directly set up in the front of casing relatively the casing, is favorable to vacating more installation space for display panel to make electronic equipment under the unchangeable prerequisite of appearance size, have higher screen and account for than, be favorable to realizing electronic equipment's full screen display. Furthermore, the elastic sealing piece is arranged on the side wall, so that a gap between the functional module and the periphery of the through hole can be filled or sealed, and the inner space of the shell is sealed and dustproof. Furthermore, the trigger button (operating part) of the locking component of the functional module and the activation button of the functional module are integrated into the same button, so that the structure of the electronic equipment can be simplified, the appearance integrity of the electronic equipment can be improved, the assembly process can be simplified, and the production cost can be reduced.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solution of the present application, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an electronic device provided in an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of the housing, the camera module and the driving mechanism of the electronic device shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged partial schematic view of the housing, camera module, and drive mechanism of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a camera module and a driving mechanism of the electronic device shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the camera module and the driving mechanism shown in FIG. 4 from another perspective;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a locking assembly of the drive mechanism of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a guide member of a drive mechanism according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a guide member of a drive mechanism according to another embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a guide member of a drive mechanism according to yet another embodiment of the present application;
fig. 10 is a schematic flowchart illustrating a control method of a camera module according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
fig. 11 is a functional block diagram of a control device of a camera module according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions better understood by those skilled in the art, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application. It is to be understood that the embodiments described are only a few embodiments of the present application and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
As used in the specification and in the claims, certain terms are used to refer to particular components. As one skilled in the art will appreciate, manufacturers may refer to a component by different names. The specification and claims do not intend to distinguish between components that differ in name but not function. In the following description and in the claims, the terms "include" and "comprise" are used in an open-ended fashion, and thus should be interpreted to mean "include, but not limited to,"; "substantially" means that a person skilled in the art can solve the technical problem within a certain error range and basically achieve the technical effect.
In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "inside", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are simply used for convenience of description of the present application, and do not indicate or imply that the referred devices or elements must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present application.
In this application, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly unless otherwise specifically stated or limited. For example, the connection can be fixed, detachable or integrated; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate member, or they may be connected through the inside of two members or they may be merely surface-contacting. And (4) carrying out pairing. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
As used in embodiments herein, a "electronic device" "a communication terminal" (or simply "terminal") includes, but is not limited to, an apparatus configured to receive/transmit communication signals via a wireline connection, such as via a Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN), a Digital Subscriber Line (DSL), a digital cable, a direct cable connection, and/or another data connection/network, and/or via a wireless interface (e.g., for a cellular network, a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), a digital television network such as a DVB-H network, a satellite network, an AM-FM broadcast transmitter, and/or another communication terminal). A communication terminal arranged to communicate over a wireless interface may be referred to as a "wireless communication terminal", a "wireless terminal", a "mobile terminal" and/or an "electronic device". Examples of electronic devices include, but are not limited to, satellite or cellular telephones; a Personal Communications System (PCS) terminal that may combine a cellular radiotelephone with data processing, facsimile and data communications capabilities; PDAs that may include radiotelephones, pagers, internet/intranet access, Web browsers, notepads, calendars, and/or Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers; and conventional laptop and/or palmtop receivers or other electronic devices that include a radiotelephone transceiver.
Referring to fig. 1, an electronic device 100 is provided in the present embodiment, and the electronic device 100 may be, but is not limited to, an electronic device such as a mobile phone, a tablet computer, and a smart watch. The electronic device 100 of the present embodiment is described by taking a mobile phone as an example.
The electronic device 100 includes a housing 10 and a display screen 101 disposed on the housing 10, in this embodiment, the display screen 101 generally includes a display panel, and may also include a circuit and the like for responding to a touch operation performed on the display panel. The Display panel may be a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) panel, and in some embodiments, the Display panel may also be a touch screen Display.
Referring to fig. 2 and fig. 3, the electronic apparatus 100 further includes a camera module 30 and a driving mechanism 50. The driving mechanism 50 is disposed in the housing 10, the camera module 30 is connected to the driving mechanism 50, a through hole 1231 for partially accommodating the camera module 30 is opened on a frame of the housing 10, and the through hole 1231 is further used for providing a space for the camera module 30 to move relative to the housing 10. The driving mechanism 50 is used for driving the camera module 30 to move when receiving a trigger command of extending the camera, so that the camera module 30 extends out of the housing 10 through the through hole 1231. In some embodiments, the driving mechanism 50 is further configured to drive the camera module 30 to move to retract the camera module 30 into the housing 10 when receiving a trigger command to retract the camera.
Specifically, in the embodiment of the present application, the housing 10 includes a bottom wall 121 and a side wall 123, and the side wall 123 is connected to a peripheral edge of the bottom wall 121 and is bent with respect to the bottom wall 121. Further, the side wall 123 is disposed around a periphery of the bottom wall 121, and the bottom wall 121 and the side wall 123 together form an accommodating space 125, and the accommodating space 125 is used for accommodating electronic components of the electronic device 100, the camera module 30, and the driving mechanism 50.
Referring to fig. 4 and fig. 5, in the present embodiment, the through hole 1231 is opened on the sidewall 123 and connects the accommodating space 125 with the outside. Further, the axial direction of the through hole 1231 is substantially parallel to the plane of the display screen 101, so that the extending and retracting direction of the camera module 30 is substantially parallel to the plane of the display screen 101. The specific position of the through hole 1231 on the sidewall 123 is not limited, for example, the through hole 1231 may be disposed on a sidewall of a left side, a sidewall of a right side, or a sidewall of a top of the electronic device 100, so that the camera module 30 can protrude from at least one of the left and right sides of the electronic device 100, or/and the camera module 30 can protrude from the top of the electronic device 100. The "left side" mentioned above should be understood as the side of the casing 10 that the user's left hand approaches when the user is using the electronic device 100 with the display screen 101 facing the front of the user; similarly, the "right side" described above should be understood as the side of the housing 10 to which the user's right hand is close when the user is using the electronic device 100 with the display screen 101 facing the front of the user. It is understood that in some other embodiments, the through hole 1231 may be disposed at other positions than the side wall 123, for example, the through hole 1231 may be disposed on the bottom wall 121, so that the camera module 30 can protrude from the back of the electronic device 100.
Further, in the illustrated embodiment, the bottom wall 121 is substantially rectangular sheet-shaped, the side wall 123 includes a first side wall 1232, a second side wall 1233, a third side wall 1234 and a fourth side wall 1235, the first side wall 1232, the second side wall 1233, the third side wall 1234 and the fourth side wall 1235 are respectively connected to four sides of the bottom wall 121, and the first side wall 1232, the second side wall 1233, the third side wall 1234 and the fourth side wall 1235 are sequentially connected end to substantially form a rectangular frame shape. Wherein the first sidewall 1232 is substantially parallel to and opposite to the third sidewall 1234, the first sidewall 1232 serves as a top bezel of the electronic device 100, and the third sidewall 1234 serves as a bottom bezel of the electronic device; the second sidewall 1233 is substantially parallel to and opposite to the fourth sidewall 1235, the second sidewall 1233 serves as a left side frame of the electronic apparatus 100, and the fourth sidewall 1235 serves as a right side frame of the electronic apparatus 100. The through hole 1231 is opened on the first sidewall 1232, so that the camera module 30 can protrude from the top of the electronic device 100.
Further, referring to fig. 1 again, in some embodiments, the housing 10 further includes a dust cover 14, and the dust cover 14 is used for covering the through hole 1231 to achieve dust sealing of the housing 10. In the present embodiment, the dust cover 14 is rotatably connected to the first sidewall 1232 and is configured to cover the through hole 1231 to seal the accommodating space 125 of the housing 10. When the camera module 30 extends out from the through hole 1231, the camera module 30 pushes the dust cap to open the dust cap 14; when the camera module 30 is retracted inside the housing 10, the dust cover 14 can close and cover the through hole 1231 by an external force, so that the waterproof and dustproof protection of the housing 10 can be achieved.
Further, the dust cover 14 is connected to the first sidewall 1232 by a hinge (not shown), so that the dust cover 14 can be flexibly opened and closed with respect to the through hole 1231. In some embodiments, in order to enable the dust cover 14 to obtain the pushing force of the automatic closing after opening, the dust cover 14 may be connected to the side wall 123 by an elastic hinge (not shown in the figures), and the elastic force of the elastic hinge provides the restoring force of the automatic closing for the dust cover 14. It should be understood that the elastic hinge may be an elastic hinge commonly used in the art, and the description is omitted; alternatively, a torsion spring (not shown) may be sleeved on the rotation shaft, so that the two elastic legs of the torsion spring are respectively connected to the first sidewall 1232 and the dust cover 14, and the elastic deformation of the torsion spring provides a restoring force for automatically closing the dust cover.
Further, in some embodiments, the dust cover 14 is magnetically attached to the sidewall 123 to cover the through hole 1231. Specifically, a magnet is disposed on a side of the dust cover 14 facing the through hole 1231, and the first sidewall 1232 is a magnetic member, so that the magnet can protrude from the surface of the dust cover 14 to be engaged with the through hole 1231; alternatively, the first sidewall 1232 is provided with a magnet, and the dust cover 14 is a magnetic member; alternatively, both the dust cover 14 and the first sidewall 1232 are provided with magnets. It should be understood that the above-mentioned "magnet" should be a permanent magnet, and the "magnetic member" should be understood as an element made of a magnetically conductive material, such as iron, which can be attracted by the permanent magnet.
Referring to fig. 3, 4 and 5, the driving mechanism 50 is disposed in the housing 10, and the camera module 30 is slidably connected to the driving mechanism 50. The camera module 30 includes a holder 32 and a lens assembly 34 connected to the holder 32, the holder 32 being slidably connected to the driving mechanism 50.
The driving mechanism 50 includes a bracket 52, a driving assembly 54 and a locking assembly 57, the bracket 52 is fixedly connected to the bottom wall 121, and the driving assembly 54 and the locking assembly 57 are connected to the bracket 52.
The bracket 52 includes a fixing member 521 and a guide member 523, wherein the fixing member 521 is fixedly connected to the bottom wall 121 of the housing 10, and the guide member 523 is connected to the fixing member 521.
In the present embodiment, the guide 523 is a guide bar structure, and the number thereof is two. The two guide pieces 523 are disposed on the fixing piece 521, the two guide pieces 523 are disposed substantially in parallel, and the guide pieces 523 are used for sliding-fitting with the camera module 30 to guide the moving direction of the camera module 30. Further, the holder 32 of the camera module 30 is provided with a fitting portion 321, and the fitting portion 321 is used for cooperating with the guide 523 to limit the moving direction of the camera module 30. Specifically, in the embodiment shown in fig. 3, there are two engaging portions 321, the two engaging portions 321 are respectively disposed on two sides of the holder 32, and each engaging portion 321 is slidably engaged with one of the guiding members 523. Further, a fitting hole (not shown) is formed on the fitting portion 321, and the camera module 30 is movably sleeved on the guide 523 through the fitting hole.
The driving component 54 is connected between the bracket 52 and the camera module 30, and the driving component 54 is used for providing power for the camera module 30 to extend out of the housing 10. In the illustrated embodiment, the driving assembly 54 includes an elastic element 541, one end of the elastic element 541 is connected to the fixing element 521, and the other end of the elastic element 541 elastically abuts against the camera module 30 and applies a pushing force to the camera module 30 toward the through hole 1231. The elastic element 541 is used for pushing the camera module 30, so that the camera module 30 extends out of the housing 10. In the present embodiment, the elastic element 541 is a coil spring, and it is understood that in other embodiments, the elastic element 54 may also be other elastic structures, such as a spring sheet, an elastic sleeve, and the like.
It is also understood that in other embodiments, the driving assembly 54 may be other extending mechanisms, for example, the driving assembly 54 may be an electromagnetic driving mechanism, specifically, the driving assembly 54 may include a fixed magnet and a moving magnet slidably engaged with the fixed magnet, the fixed magnet is connected to the bottom wall 121 of the housing 10, the camera module 30 is connected to the moving magnet, wherein the fixed magnet may be an electromagnet and the moving magnet is a permanent magnet, or the fixed magnet may be a permanent magnet and the moving magnet is an electromagnet, and the direction of the electromagnetic field can be changed by controlling the direction of the current in the electromagnet, so as to drive the camera module 30 to move; for another example, the driving assembly 54 may also be a linear motor driving mechanism, specifically, the driving assembly 54 may include a stator and a rotor, the stator is fixedly disposed on the bottom wall 121, the rotor is slidably engaged with the stator, and the camera module 30 is connected to the rotor; alternatively, the driving component 54 may be another linear driving mechanism, which is not described in detail herein.
The locking assembly 57 is connected to the housing 10 and movably engaged with the camera module 30. When the locking assembly 57 is engaged with the camera module 30, the camera module 30 is confined in the housing 10, and the elastic member 541 is in a compressed and elastically deformed state. When the locking assembly 57 is separated from the camera module 30, the elastic element 541 is deformed, and the elastic restoring force of the elastic element 541 pushes the camera module 30, so that the camera module 30 extends out of the housing 30.
Referring to fig. 4 and 5, in one embodiment of the present application, the locking assembly 57 includes a mounting member 571, a locking member 573, a transmission member 575, a return elastic member 577, and a button 579.
The mounting member 571 is connected to the fixing member 521 of the bracket 52, and the mounting member 571 is used for mounting the locking member 573 and the transmission member 575 and for guiding the movement direction of the locking member 573. In the present embodiment, the mounting member 571 and the fixing member 521 are integrally formed, but it is understood that in other embodiments, the mounting member 571 and the fixing member 521 may be assembled together.
In the present embodiment, the mounting member 571 is a channel structure, and includes a first peripheral wall 5711, a second peripheral wall 5713, and a third peripheral wall 5715, wherein the first peripheral wall 5711 and the second peripheral wall 5713 are disposed substantially in parallel and opposite to each other, and the third peripheral wall 5715 is connected between the first peripheral wall 5711 and the second peripheral wall 5713. The first, second, and third peripheral walls 5711, 5713, 5715 collectively form a guide groove 5717, and the guide groove 5717 is used to receive the lock 573. Further, a first protruding point 5712 is disposed on a side of the first peripheral wall 5711 facing the guide groove 5717, a second protruding point 5714 is disposed on a side of the second peripheral wall 5713 facing the guide groove 5717, and when the locking member 573 is disposed in the guide groove 5717, the first protruding point 5712 and the second protruding point 5714 respectively abut against an outer surface of the locking member 573, so as to reduce friction when the locking member 573 slides in the mounting member 571, and to make movement of the locking member 573 smoother. Further, the surfaces of the first salient point 5712 and the second salient point 5714 are both convex curved surfaces (such as a spherical surface or a cylindrical surface), so that the contact between the first salient point 5712 and the locking piece 573 and the contact between the second salient point 5714 and the locking piece 5712 are point contact or line contact, which is beneficial to reducing sliding friction.
The locking piece 573 is slidably received in the guide groove 5717. In the present embodiment, the locking member 573 has a substantially rod-shaped structure, and is disposed substantially perpendicular to the moving direction of the camera module 30. One end of the locking member 573 extends toward the camera module 30 and is movably held by the camera module 30. When the locking member 573 is caught or disengaged from the camera module 30, the locking member 573 slides in a direction restricted by the mounting member 571.
Specifically, referring to fig. 4-6, the locking member 573 includes a connecting portion 5731 and a retaining portion 5733.
The connecting portion 5731 is provided with a connecting hole 5732, the connecting hole 5732 being for connecting with the transmission member 575. The coupling hole 5732 has a mating surface 5734, and the mating surface 5734 is used to mate with the transmission member 575 to allow the transmission member 575 to push the locking member 573 to move. Further, the specific structure of the connecting hole 5321 is not limited, and it may be a through hole structure or a blind hole structure, and the mating face 5734 may be a side wall of the connecting hole 5732, and even, the connecting hole 5732 may be a groove structure, in other words, the connecting part 5731 may be provided with a connecting groove, and the mating face 5734 may be a side wall of the connecting groove.
The catch 5733 is connected to an end of the connecting portion 5731 near the camera module 30, and the catch 5733 is used for catching the camera module 30. Correspondingly, the bracket 52 is provided with a limit groove 5201 (for example, the fixing frame 521 is provided with a limit groove 5201, see fig. 4), the limit groove 5201 is disposed corresponding to the guide groove 5717 of the mounting member 571, the holding member 32 of the camera module 30 is provided with a engaging portion 3213, the engaging portion 3213 is disposed on one side of the holding member 32 facing the limit groove 5201, and the engaging portion 5733 is movably disposed through the limit groove 5201 and is engaged with the engaging portion 3213 to limit the camera module 30 in the housing 10. When the catch 5733 is disengaged from the catch 3213, the camera module 30 is driven by the driving assembly 54 to protrude out of the housing 10. Further, a side of the catch 5733 toward the through hole 1231 is provided with a guide bevel 5736, and the guide bevel 5736 presents a chamfered structure so that the catch 5733 is easily snap-fitted with the catch 3213.
Further, in some embodiments, locking member 573 can cooperate with mounting member 571 via a limiting structure to limit the limit position at which locking member 573 slides relative to mounting member 571. Specifically, the third circumferential wall 5715 of the mounting member 571 may be concavely provided with a stopper groove 5716 (see fig. 5), and the extending direction of the stopper groove 5716 coincides with the extending direction of the guide groove 5717. Correspondingly, the locking piece 573 is provided with a limiting column 5737 at the side facing the third peripheral wall 5715, and the limiting column 5737 protrudes into the limiting groove 5717 and can slide in the limiting groove 5717.
In the present embodiment, the transmission member 575 is a lever structure, which is pivoted to the bottom wall 121 of the housing 10 and disposed between the locking member 573 and the button 579. One end of the transmission member 575 protrudes into the coupling hole 5732 of the locking member 573, and when the transmission member 575 rotates relative to the housing 10, it pushes the locking member 573 relatively away from or toward the camera module 30.
Specifically, the transmission member 575 is pivotally connected to the bottom wall 121 of the housing 10 through a pivot, and the transmission member 575 includes a transmission portion 5751 and a pushing portion 5753, and the transmission portion 5751 and the pushing portion 5753 are respectively located on two opposite sides of the pivot. Wherein the transmission part 5751 is used to abut against the button 579, and the pushing part 5753 is movably connected to the locking part 573.
Further, the pushing portion 5753 is inserted through the second peripheral wall 5713 of the mounting member 571 and protrudes into the connecting hole 5732. The pushing portion 5753 has an abutting surface (not shown) slidably abutting against the mating surface 5734 of the locking member 573, and pushes the locking member 573 away from or toward the camera module 30 when the abutting surface slides against the mating surface 5734. Further, the pushing surface is a convex curved surface (such as a cylindrical surface or a spherical surface), and the convex curved surface contacts with the mating surface 5734 to form point contact or line contact therebetween, so that sliding friction can be reduced, and transmission between the transmission member 575 and the locking member 573 is smoother.
The elastic return member 577 is disposed between the locking member 573 and the fixing member 521, and the elastic return member 577 is used for providing a restoring force for the rotation of the transmission member 575. In the present embodiment, the elastic return element 577 is abutted between the transmission part 5751 and the fixing element 521. When the transmission member 575 rotates relative to the housing 10 under the action of an external force (specifically, in fig. 3, the transmission member 575 rotates clockwise), the elastic reset member 577 is compressed, and when the external force is removed, the elastic reset member 577 recovers the deformation and pushes the transmission member 575 to rotate and reset (specifically, in fig. 3, the transmission member 575 rotates counterclockwise), so that the transmission member 575 is clamped with the clamping hole 323 again. In the present embodiment, the elastic return member 577 has a spring structure, but it is understood that in other embodiments, the elastic return member 577 may be an elastic member such as a spring plate, an elastic body, or an elastic sleeve.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3 again, the button 579 is movably disposed on the fourth sidewall 1235 of the housing 10 and partially exposed outside the housing 10. One end of the button 579 abuts against the transmission part 5751 of the transmission member 575. In this embodiment, the button 579 and the transmission member 575 together serve as an operation member of the lock member 57 for controlling the locking member 573 to move toward or away from the camera module 30. By pressing the button 579, the lock member 573 can be pushed to rotate by the transmission member 575, so that the lock member 573 moves away from the camera module 30. It is understood that in other embodiments, the button 579 may be omitted and the transmission portion 5751 of the transmission member 575 may be movably disposed on the fourth sidewall 1235.
It will be appreciated that in some embodiments, the button 579 and the transmission member 575 may be connected in other ways, for example, the transmission member 575 and the button 579 may be fixedly connected, in which case the button 579 and the transmission member 575 together serve as the operating member of the locking assembly 57. The locking assembly 57 provided in this embodiment is a lever transmission structure, which can simplify the structure of the driving mechanism 50, effectively improve the compactness of the spatial layout of the components, and reduce the spatial layout of the extendable camera module.
Further, to ensure structural integrity of the locking assembly 57, the locking assembly 57 may further include a cover plate (not shown) that may be disposed opposite the third perimeter wall 5715 and connected to the first perimeter wall 5711 and the second perimeter wall 5712. In other words, the cover plate is covered on the guide groove 5717 to prevent the locking piece 573 and the transmission piece 575 from being separated from the mounting piece 571.
In some embodiments, the button 579 may be used as an activation key of the camera module 30, and at this time, a key circuit board 580 (see fig. 3) is disposed in the housing 10, and the key circuit board 580 is disposed corresponding to the button 579. When the button 579 is pressed, it moves in a direction substantially perpendicular to the fourth sidewall 1235, and the button 579 inputs a pressing signal to the key circuit board 580 while pushing the driving member 75. At this time, the button 579 pushes the locking member 573 through the transmission member 575, so that the locking member 573 releases the locked state of the camera module 30, the camera module 30 can be extended out of the housing 10 by being driven and pushed by the driving component 50, and the key circuit board 580 sends a control signal for activating the camera module 30 to the control center of the electronic device 100, so that the camera module 30 is activated when being extended, thereby improving the convenience of the user in using the camera module 30. By integrating the extension button and the activation button of the camera module 30 into one button, the structure of the electronic device 100 can be simplified, the integrity of the appearance of the electronic device can be improved, the assembly process of the electronic device 100 can be simplified, and the production cost can be reduced.
It is understood that the location of the key circuit board 580 is not limited, and for example, it may be disposed between the pushing portion 5751 of the transmission member 575 and the button 579, or may be disposed in the housing 10 and located on a side of the pushing portion 5751 away from the button 579, and so on, so that when the button 579 is pressed by an external force, the key circuit board 580 can receive a pressing signal, so as to enable the electronic device 100 to activate the camera module 30.
Further, in some embodiments, the electronic device 100 may further include a position sensor 582 (see fig. 3), where the position sensor 582 is configured to detect a position state of the camera module 30 relative to the housing 10, so as to facilitate the key circuit board 580 or a control center of the electronic device 100 to generate a control instruction for controlling the camera module 30 according to a pressing action of the button 579. Specifically, the position sensor 582 may be connected to the fixing member 521 and disposed adjacent to the through hole 1231, and when the position sensor 582 detects that the camera module 30 is not completely accommodated in the housing 10 (e.g., the camera module 30 is completely or partially extended relative to the housing 10), the key circuit board 580 generates a control command of the corresponding camera module 30 according to the pressing state of the button 579. For example, when the button 579 is pressed for a short time (e.g., less than 1 second), the key circuit board 580 generates a control instruction to take a picture; for another example, when the button 579 is pressed for a long time (e.g., for a pressing time greater than or equal to 3 seconds), the key board 580 generates a control instruction for capturing a video; for another example, when the button 579 is pressed (e.g., the pressing time is greater than or equal to 1 second and less than 2 seconds), the key circuit board 580 generates a control command for continuously shooting photos. Of course, in other embodiments, the control command of the camera module 30 can be generated by a control center (e.g., a motherboard) or a camera circuit board of the electronic device 100, and the key circuit board 580 is used for transmitting the pressing signal of the button 579 to the control center (e.g., the motherboard) or the camera circuit board of the electronic device 100.
In summary, the retractable structure of the camera module 30 of the electronic device 100 allows the camera module 30 to be extended when the electronic device is used, and the camera module 30 is retracted into the housing 10 when the electronic device is not used, so that a hole for accommodating or exposing the camera module 30 can be prevented from being formed on the front surface or/and the back surface of the housing 10 of the electronic device 100, and the electronic device 100 is more beautiful while the housing 10 maintains good appearance integrity. In addition, the camera module 30 can be extended and retracted relative to the housing 10 instead of being directly disposed on the front surface of the housing 10, which is beneficial to vacating more installation space for the display screen 101, so that the electronic device 100 has a higher screen occupation ratio on the premise of unchanging the external size, which is beneficial to realizing full screen display of the electronic device 100. Further, by combining the trigger button and the activation button of the driving mechanism 50 of the camera module 30 into the same button 579, the structure of the electronic device 100 can be simplified, the integrity of the appearance thereof can be improved, the assembly process can be simplified, and the production cost can be reduced.
It is understood that in other embodiments, the guide 523 may have other structures besides a guide rod structure. For example, referring to fig. 7, the guide member 523 may have a guide groove structure. Specifically, the guide member 523 is provided with a guide groove along the axial direction of the through hole 1231, and the holder 32 of the camera module 30 is provided with a matching portion 321, wherein the matching portion 321 protrudes into the guide groove and is slidably matched with the guide groove to limit the movement direction of the camera module 30. Alternatively, referring to fig. 8, the guide 523 is a guide slot structure, the holder 32 of the camera module 30 is provided with a roller 326, and the roller 326 is rotatably connected to the holder 32 and partially accommodated in the guide slot to slidably engage with the guide slot to limit the moving direction of the camera module 30.
For another example, referring to fig. 9, the guide 523 may be a rack structure. Specifically, the side of the guide 523 facing the camera module 30 is provided with a rack, the rack is arranged along the axial direction of the through hole 1231, the holder 32 of the camera module 30 is provided with a gear 328, and the gear 328 is rotatably connected to the holder 32 and meshed with the rack to cooperate with the rack to limit the moving direction of the camera module 30.
Further, referring to fig. 1 again, in some embodiments, the electronic device 100 may be a full screen electronic device, and the full screen electronic device should be understood as an electronic device with a screen ratio greater than or equal to a preset value, that is, when the display screen 101 is disposed on the front surface of the housing 10, a percentage of a surface area of the display screen 101 to a projection area of the front surface of the housing 10 is greater than or equal to the preset value. In some embodiments, the preset value of the screen ratio may be greater than or equal to 74%, such as 74%, 75%, 76%, 78%, 79%, 80%, 81%, 83%, 85%, 87%, 89%, 90%, 91%, 93%, 95%, 97%, 99%, etc. In some embodiments, the front surface of the full-screen electronic device may be provided with three or fewer physical keys, or/and the front surface of the full-screen electronic device may be provided with two or fewer openings, so as to simplify the structure of the full-screen electronic device, which is beneficial to improving the screen occupation ratio of the full-screen electronic device.
Referring to fig. 10, based on the electronic device provided in the foregoing embodiment of the present application, the present application further provides a method for controlling a camera module, where the method for controlling the camera module is executed in the electronic device, and the method may include the steps of:
step S101: receiving a pressing signal of the key circuit board; specifically, when the button is pressed by external force, the button is contacted with the key circuit board to enable the key circuit board to generate a corresponding pressing signal;
step S103: detecting the position state of the camera module relative to the shell, judging whether the camera module is in the extending limit position relative to the shell, if so, executing a step S107, otherwise, executing a step S105;
step S105: activating the camera module and returning to execute the step S103;
step S107: and generating a corresponding camera module control signal according to the pressing signal.
It should be understood that the camera module is in an extended extreme position relative to the housing, that is, the camera module is extended to the extreme position relative to the housing and is kept in a static state; correspondingly, the camera module is not completely accommodated in the housing, and the camera module is understood to be in a state of partially extending out of the housing or completely extending out of the housing; similarly, the camera module is completely accommodated in the housing, and it should be understood that the camera module slides into an extreme position relative to the housing and remains stationary.
In step S107, a corresponding camera module control signal is generated according to the pressing signal generated by the key circuit board, specifically, for example, when the button is pressed for a short time (for example, the pressing time is less than 1 second), the pressing signal for the short press is generated, and then the electronic device generates a control instruction for taking a picture; for another example, when the button is pressed for a long time (e.g., the pressing time is greater than or equal to 3 seconds), a long pressing signal is generated, and the electronic device generates a control instruction for shooting a video; for another example, when the button is pressed (e.g., the pressing time is greater than or equal to 1 second and less than 2 seconds), the pressing signal of the pressing is generated, and the electronic device generates a control instruction for continuously shooting the photos.
The camera module control method operates in the electronic equipment, and the trigger button, the activation button and the control button of the driving mechanism of the camera module are integrated into the same button, so that the structure of the electronic equipment can be simplified, the appearance integrity of the electronic equipment can be improved, the assembly process can be simplified, and the production cost can be reduced.
Further, referring to fig. 11, based on the camera module control method, the present application also provides a camera module control device 200, which can be operated in the electronic device and is used for executing the camera module control method. The camera module control apparatus 200 may include a detection module 201, an activation module 203, and a control module 205.
And the signal module 207 is used for receiving a pressing signal of the key circuit board. Specifically, when the button is pressed by an external force, the button contacts the key circuit board to enable the key circuit board to generate a corresponding pressing signal.
The detecting module 201 is used for detecting and determining a position state of the camera module relative to the housing. The position state of the camera module relative to the housing includes, but is not limited to: the camera module is completely accommodated in the shell, the camera module is not completely accommodated in the shell, and the camera module is at an extended limit position relative to the shell.
The activation module 203 is used for activating the camera module. If the detection module 201 determines that the camera module is not completely accommodated in the housing, the activation module 203 is configured to activate the camera module; if the detection module 201 determines that the camera module is completely accommodated in the housing, the activation module 203 does not activate the camera module.
The control module 205 is used for controlling the camera module to work. Further, the control module 205 is configured to generate a corresponding camera module control signal according to the pressing signal of the key circuit board, so as to control the camera module. For example, the detection module 201 determines that if the camera module is located at an extended limit position relative to the housing, the control module 205 is configured to generate a corresponding camera module control signal according to a pressing signal generated by the key circuit board.
Further, in some other embodiments, the camera module 30 may include any one or more of a front camera, a rear camera, or a flash. Further, in some embodiments, other functional components may be disposed on the camera module 30, for example, any one or more of the receiver assembly, the sensor assembly, and the flashlight assembly may be disposed on the camera module 30, and in this case, the holder 32, the lens assembly 34 and any one or more of the receiver assembly, the sensor assembly, and the flashlight assembly form a functional module, and the functional module is driven by the driving mechanism 50 to extend out of the housing 19. In other words, the functional module may include any one or more functional components such as a front camera, a rear camera, a flash, a receiver, and a sensor, and the functional module is extended out of the housing 19 by the driving mechanism 50, and is retracted into the housing 10 when the functional module is not needed, so that a hole for accommodating or exposing the functional module can be avoided being formed in the front surface or/and the back surface of the housing 10 of the electronic device 100, and the electronic device 100 is more beautiful while the housing 10 maintains good appearance integrity.
Accordingly, based on the camera module control method, the present application further provides a control method of a functional module, which may include the steps of:
receiving a pressing signal of the key circuit board;
detecting the position state of the functional module relative to the shell;
judging whether the functional module is at the extended limit position relative to the shell
And generating a corresponding function module control signal according to the pressing signal.
In the description herein, reference to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples," etc., means that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the application. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In the description of the present application, "plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solutions of the present application, and not to limit the same; although the present application has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; such modifications and substitutions do not necessarily depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application.

Claims (17)

1. An electronic device, comprising:
the shell is provided with a through hole;
the functional module is selectively arranged in the shell or extends out of the shell through the through hole;
the bracket is fixedly arranged in the shell, and the functional module is connected to the bracket in a sliding manner;
the driving assembly is arranged in the shell and connected to the functional module, and the driving assembly is connected to the bracket;
a locking assembly connected to the bracket, the locking assembly including an operating member and a locking member; the operating piece comprises a button and a transmission piece, and the button is connected to the shell and partially exposed out of the shell; the transmission piece is arranged between the button and the locking piece and is pivoted with the shell through a pivot; the locking piece is connected between the operating piece and the function module and can be movably clamped in the function module; and
the key circuit board is arranged in the shell;
the key circuit board is triggered by the button to activate the functional module, and when the locking piece is driven by the button through the transmission piece to be separated from the functional module, the functional module is driven by the driving component to extend out of the shell from the through hole.
2. The electronic device of claim 1, wherein the transmission member comprises a transmission portion and a pushing portion, the transmission portion and the pushing portion are respectively located at two sides of the pivot, the transmission portion abuts against the button, and the pushing portion is connected with the locking member.
3. The electronic device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the locking member has a retaining portion and a connecting portion connected to the retaining portion, the retaining portion being movably retained in the function module; the connecting part is provided with a matching surface, the pushing part is provided with a pushing surface, the pushing surface can be slidably pushed against the matching surface, and when the pushing surface slides relative to the matching surface, the locking piece is pushed to be separated from the functional module.
4. The electronic device according to claim 3, wherein the connecting portion is provided with a connecting hole, and the mating surface serves as a side wall of the connecting hole; the pushing part extends into the connecting hole, the pushing surface is arranged on the pushing part, and the pushing surface is a convex curved surface;
or the connecting part is provided with a connecting groove, and the matching surface is used as a side wall of the connecting groove; the pushing part protrudes into the connecting hole, and the pushing surface is arranged on the pushing part.
5. The electronic device of claim 1, further comprising a mounting member disposed in the housing, wherein the locking member is slidably disposed in the mounting member, and wherein the transmission member is disposed through a peripheral wall of the mounting member and connected to the locking member.
6. The electronic device of claim 5, wherein the mounting member has a limiting groove, and the locking member has a limiting post slidably received in the limiting groove.
7. The electronic device of claim 5, wherein the mounting member comprises a first peripheral wall and a second peripheral wall which are oppositely arranged, the first peripheral wall is provided with a first convex point, and the second peripheral wall is provided with a second convex point; the locking piece is slidably arranged between the first peripheral wall and the second peripheral wall, and the first salient point and the second salient point are respectively abutted against the outer surface of the locking piece.
8. The electronic device according to claim 7, wherein the mounting member further includes a third peripheral wall connected between the first peripheral wall and the second peripheral wall, the third peripheral wall, the first peripheral wall and the second peripheral wall together form a guide groove, and a cover plate is provided to cover the guide groove.
9. The electronic device according to claim 1, further comprising a return elastic member that is disposed between the transmission member and the housing and provides a rotational restoring force to the transmission member.
10. The electronic device of claim 1, wherein the driving assembly comprises an elastic member, one end of the elastic member is connected to the bracket, and the other end of the elastic member abuts against the functional module and applies a pushing force to the functional module toward the through hole.
11. The electronic device of claim 10, wherein the bracket comprises a fixing member fixed to the housing and a guide member connected to the fixing member, and the function module is provided with an engaging portion movably connected to the guide member.
12. The electronic device of claim 1, further comprising a position sensor for detecting a relative position between the functional module and the housing, the position sensor being disposed within the housing.
13. The electronic device of claim 1, wherein the driving assembly is an electromagnetic driving mechanism, the driving assembly comprises an electromagnet and a moving magnet in sliding fit with the electromagnet, the electromagnet is connected to the housing, and the functional module is connected to the moving magnet.
14. The electronic device of claim 1, wherein the functional module comprises any one or more of the following functional components: the device comprises a front camera, a rear camera, a flash lamp, a receiver, a sensor, an SIM (subscriber identity module) chuck and a battery module.
15. A method for controlling a functional module, which operates in an electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 14, the method comprising:
receiving a pressing signal of the key circuit board;
detecting the position state of the functional module relative to the shell;
judging whether the functional module is at the extended limit position relative to the shell or not
And generating a corresponding function module control signal according to the pressing signal.
16. The method for controlling a function module according to claim 15, wherein the function module is a camera module; and when the position state of the functional module relative to the shell is detected, judging whether the functional module is not in the extended limit position relative to the shell, and activating the camera module.
17. The method as claimed in claim 16, wherein when the pressing signal is used to generate the corresponding function module control signal, different camera module control signals are generated according to different durations of the pressing signal, and the camera module is controlled according to the camera module control signal.
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