CN108593502A - A kind of groundwater flow modeling device and monitoring method - Google Patents

A kind of groundwater flow modeling device and monitoring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108593502A
CN108593502A CN201810424368.9A CN201810424368A CN108593502A CN 108593502 A CN108593502 A CN 108593502A CN 201810424368 A CN201810424368 A CN 201810424368A CN 108593502 A CN108593502 A CN 108593502A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
monitoring
modularization
groundwater flow
flow modeling
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CN201810424368.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭秀娟
张树彬
岳俊华
魏立明
李佳艺
张立辉
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Jilin Jianzhu University
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Jilin Jianzhu University
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Priority to CN201810424368.9A priority Critical patent/CN108593502A/en
Publication of CN108593502A publication Critical patent/CN108593502A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N13/00Investigating surface or boundary effects, e.g. wetting power; Investigating diffusion effects; Analysing materials by determining surface, boundary, or diffusion effects
    • G01N13/04Investigating osmotic effects

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of groundwater flow modeling device and monitoring methods, including seepage simulation system, osmotic control system and data acquisition processing system;Wherein, seepage simulation system includes:Water tank, back box is provided on the water tank, and the back box is equipped with the transparent cylinder of modularization;Osmotic control system includes water injecting tank, and the lower section of water injecting tank is equipped with liftable workbench, and water filling port is arranged on water injecting tank and water outlet, water outlet are connected to by pipeline with water tank;Data acquisition processing system includes:Monitoring device, the computer being connected with monitoring device and the liquid level tube being connected with the transparent cylinder of modularization being inserted into detection hole, it is provided in liquid level tube and liquid level sensor is installed, by the way that seepage simulation system, osmotic control system and data acquisition processing system is arranged, the process that the groundwater seepage observed water suction can be intuitively not easy is shown, and can monitor the variation of water level in real time.

Description

A kind of groundwater flow modeling device and monitoring method
Technical field
The present invention relates to groundwater simulation technical field more particularly to a kind of groundwater flow modeling device and monitoring sides Method.
Background technology
Underground water refers to water of the preservation in below ground rock gap, in a narrow sense refers to that groundwater level or less saturation contains Water in water layer.Underground water is the important component of water resource, due to water stablize, water quality is good, be agricultural irrigation, industrial and mineral and One of the important water source in city.But under certain condition, the variation of underground water can also cause bogginess, salination, landslide, ground The environmental hazards phenomenons such as sedimentation.
The movement of underground water under the effect of gravity is known as seepage flow, and seepage action of ground water is the weight of groundwater science and engineering research It wants content, seepage action of ground water pollution mainly dynamically to be detected by way of excavating inspection well, acquires the ground of different depth Lower water water sample analyzes different depth underground water pollution data, although this mode can obtain water quality data, this method is implemented as This is excessively high, and sampling step is excessively cumbersome, and brings inconvenience to sampling process.
Invention content
In view of the foregoing drawbacks with deficiency, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of groundwater flow modeling device and monitoring sides Method.
To achieve the above objectives, the technical scheme is that:
A kind of groundwater flow modeling device, including seepage simulation system, osmotic control system and data acquisition process System;
The seepage simulation system includes:Water tank, back box is provided on the water tank, and the back box is equipped with module Change transparent cylinder, offers several detection holes on the transparent cylinder of modularization, anti-filter component is installed, modularization is saturating in back box It is provided with scale on placket body;
The osmotic control system includes:The lower section of water injecting tank, the water injecting tank is equipped with liftable workbench, water injecting tank Upper setting water filling port and water outlet, water outlet are connected to by pipeline with water tank, and water tank inlet is equipped with valve;
The data acquisition processing system includes:The monitoring device being inserted into detection hole, the electricity being connected with monitoring device Brain and the liquid level tube being connected with the transparent cylinder of modularization, the liquid level tube are set to the side of the transparent cylinder of modularization, institute It states to be provided in liquid level tube and liquid level sensor is installed.
The anti-filter component includes glass sand filter material, and the top and bottom of glass sand filter material are both provided with steel wire.
The transparent cylinder of modularization includes the transparent organic glass cylinder that multilayer is connected, in the transparent organic glass cylinder The sample of placement.
The monitoring device includes tensometer, moisture meter or thermometer.
The data acquisition processing system further includes being set to modularization transparent tube to be used to monitor soil body wetted front hair in vitro Open up the video camera of variation.
The exit of the water tank is provided with water outlet, control valve on water outlet.
The workbench includes cylinder, and support plate is provided on cylinder, and the water injecting tank is installed in support plate.
A kind of monitoring method of groundwater flow modeling device, including:
1) the regional soil property sample with monitoring, is obtained, is distributed according to the actual (real) thickness and the number of plies of regional soil property sample, installation The transparent cylinder of modularization, and regional soil property sample is placed on the transparent cylinder of modularization;
2) height of workbench, the water filling into water injecting tank, and valve opening door, are adjusted;
3), regional soil property sample starts osmotic absorbent, by the liquid level sensor in liquid level tube, obtains the speed that water level rises Degree, and by the monitoring device in detection hole, obtain the parameter of regional soil property sample.
The monitoring device includes tensometer, moisture meter or thermometer.
The parameter of acquisition is carried out processing record by computer.
Compared with the prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The present invention provides a kind of groundwater flow modeling device and monitoring methods, by the way that seepage simulation system is arranged, oozes Flow control system and data acquisition processing system can intuitively be not easy the process that the groundwater seepage observed absorbs water and show, And the variation for monitoring water level in real time, due to by liquid level sensor, can accurately obtain the changing value of water level, in addition, this Invention modularization transparent tube body can carry out the connection of cylinder according to the number of plies and thickness of the pedotheque of measurement so that practical Range is more extensive, and applicability is stronger, and type of the present invention is simple in structure, easy to operate, the underground of the effective simulated experiment soil of energy Water pollution seepage state and soil infiltration settling phase.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is groundwater flow modeling apparatus structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the anti-filter modular construction schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the Working table structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure, 1 is seepage simulation system;2 be osmotic control system;3 be data acquisition processing system;4 be water tank;5 For back box;51 be anti-filter component;52 be glass sand filter material;53 be steel wire;6 be the transparent cylinder of modularization;61 be detection hole; 62 be scale;7 be water injecting tank;71 be water filling port;72 be water outlet;8 be workbench;81 be cylinder;82 be support plate;83 be foot Frame;9 be valve;10 be liquid level tube;11 be liquid level sensor;12 be computer;13 be video camera.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with attached drawing, it is clear that described embodiment is only the present invention one Divide embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work, belongs to protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is based on attached drawing institute The orientation or positional relationship shown is merely for convenience of the description present invention, does not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must There must be specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of groundwater flow modeling devices, which is characterized in that including seepage simulation System 1, osmotic control system 2 and data acquisition processing system 3;
The seepage simulation system 1 includes:Water tank 4 is provided with back box 5 on the water tank 4, is set in the back box 5 There is a transparent cylinder 6 of modularization, offers several detection holes 61 on the transparent cylinder of the modularization 6, anti-filter is installed in back box 5 Component 51 is provided with scale 62 on the transparent cylinder of modularization 6;
The osmotic control system 2 includes:The lower section of water injecting tank 7, the water injecting tank 7 is equipped with liftable workbench 8, note Water filling port 71 is set on water tank 7 and water outlet 72, water outlet 72 are connected to by pipeline with water tank 4,4 inlet of water tank peace Equipped with valve 9;
The data acquisition processing system 3 includes:The monitoring device be inserted into detection hole 61 is connected with monitoring device Computer 12 and the liquid level tube 10 being connected with the transparent cylinder of modularization 6, the liquid level tube 10 are set to the transparent cylinder of modularization 6 side is provided in the liquid level tube 10 and is equipped with liquid level sensor 11.
As shown in Fig. 2, the anti-filter component 51 includes glass sand filter material 52, the top and bottom of glass sand filter material 52 It is both provided with steel wire 53, anti-filter component can provide the flow uniformly infiltrated for sample, and prevent excessive sample soil particle quilt It takes out of.
In the present invention, the transparent cylinder 6 of modularization includes the transparent organic glass cylinder that is connected of multilayer, and described transparent have Sample is placed in machine glass infuser.It is fastenedly connected by nut between transparent organic glass cylinder, rubber washer is placed with true in junction Protect its leakproofness.Detection hole 61 is configured according to actual needs, and the monitoring device includes tensometer, moisture meter or temperature Meter.
The data acquisition processing system 3 further includes being set to outside the transparent cylinder of modularization 6 for monitoring soil body wetted front The video camera 13 of development and change.The monitoring devices such as tensometer and video camera 13 are connected by cable with computer 12, it is measured Data are directly preserved and are analyzed by computer, 1.
The water in cistern 4 is discharged in time for convenience of after experiment, the exit of the water tank 4 is provided with water outlet 12, water is discharged by control valve after the completion of experiment for control valve on water outlet 12.
Concrete condition is provided with support plate 82, cylinder as shown in figure 3, the workbench 8 includes cylinder 81 on cylinder 81 It is additionally provided with hinged tripod 83 between 81 and carries out flexible support.The water injecting tank 7 is installed in support plate 82.It adjusts as needed The height of water injecting tank 7 is saved, the height of different soils sample is adapted to.
The present invention also provides a kind of monitoring methods of groundwater flow modeling device, which is characterized in that including:
1, the regional soil property sample with monitoring is obtained, is distributed according to the actual (real) thickness and the number of plies of regional soil property sample, installation The transparent cylinder 6 of modularization, and regional soil property sample is placed on the transparent cylinder of modularization 6;
2, the height of workbench 8, the water filling into water injecting tank 7, and valve opening door 9 are adjusted;
3, regional soil property sample starts osmotic absorbent, by the liquid level sensor 11 in liquid level tube 10, obtains water level and rises Speed, and pass through the monitoring device in detection hole 61, obtain the parameter of regional soil property sample.
Wherein, the monitoring device includes tensometer 33, moisture meter 34 or thermometer.Computer 12 carries out the parameter of acquisition Processing record.It is further test in addition it is possible to obtain ingredient in soil by detection hole 61.
The groundwater flow modeling device and monitoring method of the present invention, by the way that seepage simulation system, osmotic control system is arranged System and data acquisition processing system can intuitively be not easy the process that the groundwater seepage observed absorbs water and show, and in real time The variation of level monitoring, due to by liquid level sensor, can accurately obtain the changing value of water level, in addition, module of the present invention The connection of cylinder can be carried out so that usage range is more according to the number of plies and thickness of the pedotheque of measurement by changing transparent tube body Extensively, applicability is stronger, and type of the present invention is simple in structure, easy to operate, and the underground water pollution of the effective simulated experiment soil of energy oozes Stream mode and soil infiltration settling phase.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that will appreciate that above-mentioned Concrete facts example is the preferred side of the present invention Case, therefore improvement, the variation that those skilled in the art may make certain parts in the present invention, embodiment is still this The principle of invention, realization is still the purpose of the present invention, belongs to the range that the present invention is protected.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of groundwater flow modeling device, which is characterized in that including seepage simulation system (1), osmotic control system (2), And data acquisition processing system (3);
The seepage simulation system (1) includes:Water tank (4) is provided with back box (5), the back box on the water tank (4) (5) it is equipped with the transparent cylinder of modularization (6), several detection holes (61), back box are offered on the transparent cylinder of modularization (6) (5) anti-filter component (51) is installed in, scale (62) is provided on the transparent cylinder of modularization (6);
The osmotic control system (2) includes:The lower section of water injecting tank (7), the water injecting tank (7) is equipped with liftable workbench (8), water filling port (71) is set on water injecting tank (7) and water outlet (72), water outlet (72) is connected to by pipeline with water tank (4), Water tank (4) inlet is equipped with valve (9);
The data acquisition processing system (3) includes:The monitoring device be inserted into detection hole (61) is connected with monitoring device Computer (12) and the liquid level tube (10) being connected with the transparent cylinder of modularization (6), the liquid level tube (10) are set to modularization Transparent cylinder (6) side, interior be provided with of the liquid level tube (10) are equipped with liquid level sensor (11).
2. groundwater flow modeling device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the anti-filter component (51) includes glass The top and bottom of glass sand filter material (52), glass sand filter material (52) are both provided with steel wire (53).
3. groundwater flow modeling device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the transparent cylinder of modularization (6) Including the transparent organic glass cylinder that multilayer is connected, the placement sample in the transparent organic glass cylinder.
4. groundwater flow modeling device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the monitoring device includes tension Meter, moisture meter or thermometer.
5. groundwater flow modeling device according to claim 1 or 4, which is characterized in that the data acquisition process system System (3) further includes the video camera (13) for being set to the transparent cylinder of modularization (6) and being used to monitor soil body wetted front development and change outside.
6. groundwater flow modeling device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the exit of the water tank (4) It is provided with water outlet (12), control valve on water outlet (12).
7. groundwater flow modeling device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the workbench (8) includes cylinder (81), support plate (82) is provided on cylinder (81), the water injecting tank (7) is installed in support plate (82).
8. a kind of monitoring method based on groundwater flow modeling device described in claim 1, which is characterized in that including:
1) the regional soil property sample with monitoring, is obtained, is distributed according to the actual (real) thickness and the number of plies of regional soil property sample, module is installed Change transparent cylinder (6), and regional soil property sample is placed on the transparent cylinder of modularization (6);
2), the height of adjustment workbench (8), to water injecting tank (7) interior water filling, and valve opening door (9);
3), regional soil property sample starts osmotic absorbent, by the liquid level sensor (11) in liquid level tube (10), obtains water level and rises Speed, and the monitoring device by being mounted in detection hole (61) obtains the parameter of regional soil property sample.
9. the monitoring method of groundwater flow modeling device according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the monitoring device Including tensometer, moisture meter or thermometer.
10. the monitoring method of groundwater flow modeling device according to claim 8, which is characterized in that computer (12) will The parameter of acquisition carries out processing record.
CN201810424368.9A 2018-05-07 2018-05-07 A kind of groundwater flow modeling device and monitoring method Pending CN108593502A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109254033A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-01-22 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 The detection method that Decline or rise of groundwater level influences seepage through soil mass and water salt Transport
CN109324170A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-02-12 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 The detection method of more scene seepage through soil mass and water salt Transport
CN109632581A (en) * 2019-02-19 2019-04-16 泰华智慧产业集团股份有限公司 Groundwater quality simulation of infiltration experimental provision and application method
CN110244079A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-09-17 西南石油大学 The test device and method of high floating agent ascent rate are stitched in a kind of control
CN111103418A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-05-05 山东大学 Simulation test system and test method for ground settlement caused by extraction of confined water

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CN107121369A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-09-01 吉林大学 A kind of full-automatic Darcy's law experimental system
CN206489035U (en) * 2017-02-22 2017-09-12 辽宁工程技术大学 A kind of simulation test device of Study of The Underground architectural engineering Piping phenomenon
CN107352465A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-11-17 象州县科学技术情报研究所 Multi-stage telescopic hydraulic elevator platform
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CN102338794A (en) * 2011-06-13 2012-02-01 云南大学 Simulated test device for seepage of underground water and simulated test method
CN103308438A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-18 长安大学 Modular soil body permeability tester
CN205103134U (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-23 中国地质大学(武汉) A physical simulation experimental apparatus for studying porous medium seepage resistance
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109254033A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-01-22 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 The detection method that Decline or rise of groundwater level influences seepage through soil mass and water salt Transport
CN109324170A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-02-12 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 The detection method of more scene seepage through soil mass and water salt Transport
CN109632581A (en) * 2019-02-19 2019-04-16 泰华智慧产业集团股份有限公司 Groundwater quality simulation of infiltration experimental provision and application method
CN110244079A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-09-17 西南石油大学 The test device and method of high floating agent ascent rate are stitched in a kind of control
US10921228B2 (en) 2019-07-18 2021-02-16 Southwest Petroleum University Testing device and method for floating rate of floating agent for fracture height control
CN111103418A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-05-05 山东大学 Simulation test system and test method for ground settlement caused by extraction of confined water

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