CN108585629A - The production method and craftwork of craftwork - Google Patents

The production method and craftwork of craftwork Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108585629A
CN108585629A CN201810476238.XA CN201810476238A CN108585629A CN 108585629 A CN108585629 A CN 108585629A CN 201810476238 A CN201810476238 A CN 201810476238A CN 108585629 A CN108585629 A CN 108585629A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
parts
sand
raw
craftwork
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810476238.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
穆钧
蒋蔚
顾倩倩
周全
梁增飞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tu Shang (beijing) Architectural Design Consulting Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Tu Shang (beijing) Architectural Design Consulting Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tu Shang (beijing) Architectural Design Consulting Co Ltd filed Critical Tu Shang (beijing) Architectural Design Consulting Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810476238.XA priority Critical patent/CN108585629A/en
Publication of CN108585629A publication Critical patent/CN108585629A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B26/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing only organic binders, e.g. polymer or resin concrete
    • C04B26/02Macromolecular compounds
    • C04B26/28Polysaccharides or derivatives thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C3/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing ornamental structures
    • B44C3/04Modelling plastic materials, e.g. clay
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00956Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00 for making sculptures or artistic casts

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of production method of craftwork and craftworks, it is related to the technical field of craftwork processing and manufacturing, the production method of the craftwork by modified raw soil by pouring into mold molding, up to the craftwork after demoulding, wherein modified raw soil is mainly made of the raw-soil, adhesive, filler and optional auxiliary agent, and adhesive and filler optimize the intensity and plasticity of the raw-soil.The art and craft making method is simple, of low cost and have the advantages that environmental protection.The craftwork can assign simple and natural breath possessed by raw-soil material itself to craftwork, pursued the natural aesthetic feeling of nature material, fully illustrated the natural skin texture and texture of material, impart the more intellectuals of craftwork and inspiration.Art and craft making method is simple, and main material is the raw-soil, of low cost and have the advantages that environmental protection.

Description

The production method and craftwork of craftwork
Technical field
The present invention relates to craftwork processing and manufacturing technologies, more particularly, to the production method and work of a kind of craftwork Skill product.
Background technology
With the development of the economy of China, culture, education, science etc. every field, people’s lives level increasingly increases Height, pursuit of the people to life cannot be met by having enough to eat and wear, and the raising of quality of the life is also what people urgently pursued.Craftwork People’s lives environment, while such as lamps and lanterns can be decorated, there are flowerpot etc. the household items of practicability also to have both craftwork Ornamental effect.
Craftwork, i.e., the product for having artistic value being process raw material or semi-finished product by craft or machine.Technique Product create the value higher than life from life.It is people's crystallization of wisdom, has fully demonstrated the wound of the mankind The property made and artistry.
Although current demand of the people to craftwork is larger, the craftwork that China produces is simultaneously not fully up to expectations.China Traditional arts and crafts, such as jadeware, calligraphy and painting or woodcarving etc. be at high price, it is cumbersome to make, high to ingredient requirement and lack practicality Property.China's traditional arts and crafts style is magnificent, with modern people pursue it is brief be not consistent naturally.Modern crafts product are usual For raw materials such as plastics, glass, metal or ceramics, removed outside the difference of shape it is difficult to again with craftwork made of these raw materials There is improved space, and natural aesthetic feeling is lacked by deep processing, industrial product makings is dense, and it is current not meet people Aesthetic pursuit.Therefore, the production method and technique for developing a kind of novel artwork are existing market needs.
In view of this, special propose the present invention.
Invention content
The first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of production method of craftwork, which is mainly given birth to modified Soil is raw material, has the advantages that can to gather materials on the spot, is cheap, and this method is easy to operate, is widely used, and is suitble to advise Modelling produces.
The second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of craftwork made using the above method, which has it Make natural breath and the aesthetic feeling of raw band.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of production method of craftwork, the production method include that modified raw soil is poured into mold molding, after demoulding i.e. Obtain the craftwork;
The modified raw soil is mainly made of the raw-soil, adhesive, filler and optional auxiliary agent.
Further, the adhesive includes inorganic glue or organic gel;
Further, the organic gel includes rubber polymer or natural gum;
Further, the rubber polymer includes white glue with vinyl;
Further, the natural gum includes amylan or sesbania gum;
Further, the adhesive is the mucilago amyli of a concentration of 5%-15% of starch quality;Preferably mass concentration For the mucilago amyli of 6%-13%;Further preferably mass concentration is the mucilago amyli of 8%-12%.
Further, the filler includes at least one of stone, sand and plant fiber;
Further, the grain size of the stone is 2mm-6mm, preferably 3mm-5mm, more preferably 3.5mm-4.5mm;
Further, the sand includes casting silica sand;
Further, the casting silica sand includes washed-out sand, cleans at least one of sand and concentration sand;It is preferred that making Sand is washed with water;
Further, the sand includes the washed-out sand that grain size is 0.02mm-3.35mm, the preferably washing of 0.5mm-3mm Sand, the more preferably washed-out sand of 1mm-3mm;
Further, the plant fiber includes stalk;
Further, the stalk includes wheat straw, rice straw, maize straw, broomcorn straw, cotton stalk, hemp stalk, castor-oil plant stalk, reed At least one of reed stalk, beanstalk and rapeseed stalk.
Further, the auxiliary agent includes colorant;
Further, the colorant includes diatom ooze toner.
Further, the auxiliary agent further includes curing agent;
Further, the curing agent includes inorganic chemical species curing agent, ion exchange class curing agent, biological enzyme Curing agent and organic curing agent.
Further, it includes following component that the modified raw soil is counted in parts by weight:5-15 parts of the raw-soil, 5-15 parts of sand, stone 1-10 parts of 1-5 parts sub-, 1-10 parts of amylan and diatom ooze toner;
Further, it includes following component that the modified raw soil is counted in parts by weight:7-12 parts of the raw-soil, 7-12 parts of sand, stone 1-6 parts of 1-4 parts sub-, 1-5 parts of amylan and diatom ooze toner;
Further, it includes following component that the modified raw soil is counted in parts by weight:9-11 parts of the raw-soil, 8-10 parts of sand, stone 2-4 parts of 1-2 parts sub-, 1-3 parts of amylan and diatom ooze toner.
Further, the production method includes that first each component ferments 1-2 days according to after formula ratio mixing, then again Pour into mold molding;
Further, the production method includes that first each component ferments 1-2 days according to after formula ratio mixing, then will The colorant of formula ratio is mixed into the modified raw soil that fermentation finishes, then pours into mold molding.
Further, the modified raw soil is poured by mold using the method for building;
Further, the building is successively building.
Further, the production method further includes drying the craftwork after demoulding;
Further, after drying protective agent is coated in handicraft surface;
Further, the protective agent includes at least one of anti-wear agent, anti-blushing agent, antilubricant and corrosion-resistant agent.
The present invention also provides a kind of craftworks made of above-mentioned production method simultaneously.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the advantages that:
Modified raw soil need to only be poured into mold molding, after demoulding i.e. by the production method of above-mentioned craftwork provided by the invention Obtain the craftwork.Making raw material using the raw-soil as craftwork, can also be by raw-soil material itself while reducing cost Possessed simple and natural breath assigns craftwork.And this method is easy to operate, is widely used.Using model to original Expect moulding, on the one hand can ensure each independent individual shape having the same when batch making, is on the other hand convenient for be modified Raw soil material presses consolidation, makes it have the compactness of bigger, keeps the final product quality that it is produced more excellent.
Craftwork provided by the invention, is made using the above method.The craftwork has been abandoned magnificent material and has been piled up With the cumbersome decoration fawned on customs, the natural aesthetic feeling of nature material has been pursued, has fully illustrated the natural skin texture texture of material, has been assigned The more intellectuals of craftwork and inspiration.The craftwork made using the raw-soil has claimed simple design concept, highlights life In comply with the nature, show nature, with the life idea that coexists naturally, there is natural beauty that is without polishing, chiseling and carving, embody Quiet and not busy quiet life philosophy.
Description of the drawings
It, below will be to tool in order to illustrate more clearly of the specific embodiment of the invention or technical solution in the prior art Body embodiment or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art are briefly described, it should be apparent that, in being described below Attached drawing be some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, what is do not made the creative labor Under the premise of, other drawings may also be obtained based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is craftwork provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is the craftwork that the embodiment of the present invention 11 provides;
Fig. 3 is the craftwork that the embodiment of the present invention 13 provides;
Fig. 4 is the craftwork that the embodiment of the present invention 13 provides;
Fig. 5 is the making schematic diagram for the craftwork that the embodiment of the present invention 14 provides;
Fig. 6 is the making schematic diagram for the craftwork that the embodiment of the present invention 14 provides;
Fig. 7 is the making schematic diagram for the craftwork that the embodiment of the present invention 14 provides;
Fig. 8 is the craftwork that the embodiment of the present invention 14 provides;
Fig. 9 is the craftwork that the embodiment of the present invention 14 provides.
Specific implementation mode
Technical scheme of the present invention is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with drawings and examples, it is clear that institute The embodiment of description is a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, originally The every other embodiment that field those of ordinary skill is obtained without making creative work, belongs to this hair The range of bright protection.
The present invention provides a kind of production method of craftwork, the production method includes that modified raw soil is poured into mold Molding, up to the craftwork after demoulding;The modified raw soil is mainly by the raw-soil, adhesive, filler and optional auxiliary agent system At.
Modified raw soil need to only be poured into model, this method behaviour by the production method of above-mentioned craftwork provided by the invention Make simplicity, is widely used.Modified raw soil is poured into model can be hand-manipulated, can also be operated using machine.Use model pair Modified raw soil is moulding, on the one hand can ensure each independent individual shape having the same when batch making, on the other hand be convenient for Modified raw soil material is pressed into consolidation, the compactness of bigger is made it have, keeps the final product quality that it is produced more excellent.
Craftwork, that is, handicraft product has art by craft or machine by what raw material or semi-finished product were process The product of value.Craftwork of the present invention refers not only to the various artistic goods of furniture for display rather than for uses of tool, can also include having certain practicality Value, and at the same time the article with aesthetic value, typical but non-limiting can be lamps and lanterns, incense burner or vase.
Raw soil material refer to it is not fired, merely through the original state soil material simply processed, the raw-soil is the most common type Environmentally protective material gathers materials on the spot, is cheap.Making raw material using the raw-soil as craftwork, can be with Assign simple and natural breath possessed by raw-soil material itself to craftwork.The craftwork made using the raw-soil is abandoned The cumbersome decoration that magnificent material is piled up and fawned on customs has pursued the natural aesthetic feeling of nature material, has fully illustrated the natural of material Skin texture texture imparts the more intellectuals of craftwork and inspiration.The craftwork made using the raw-soil has claimed simple design Theory, highlight comply with the nature in life, show nature, with the life idea that coexists naturally, with it is without polishing, chisel and carve Natural beauty embodies quiet and not busy quiet life philosophy.
Production method of the present invention obtains various moulding by pouring into raw material in mold.It is understood that The present invention to mold there is no limit, include to the material and shape of mold all there is no limit.Optionally, mold typical case but non-limit Property processed can be plastics either product woodwork or metal product comprising plastics.Optionally, mold typical case but non-limit Property processed can be cylinder, cone, terrace with edge, square or cuboid, can also be that can be connect in other any craftworks The shape received.
Production method provided by the invention is using modified raw soil as raw material, and modified raw soil is by adding adhesive, filler and appointing The auxiliary agent of choosing optimizes and the performance of the adjustment raw-soil, and modified raw soil is made to be more suitable for craft articles.Filler rises in modified raw soil Skeleton and filling effect.It is mixed into adhesive in raw soil material simultaneously, the viscosity of the raw-soil can be enhanced, and then increase the raw-soil Plasticity can be fabricated to a variety of moulding using the raw-soil for being mixed with adhesive, and so that it is moulded after pouring into mold molding The shape made can be kept for a long time.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the raw-soil selects the powder particle that grain size is less than 1mm, grain size to be less than The raw-soil silty of 1mm is fine and smooth, is easy to be uniformly mixed with other materials, and its handicraft surface produced evenly, it is smooth And exquisiteness.
Auxiliary agent of the present invention is that can enhance the material or additive for either adjusting raw-soil performance.Such as it can be with Pigment is added into the raw-soil, pigment can assign the raw-soil abundant color;Such as it can be added into the raw-soil there is fragrance Material, can assign the raw-soil special fragrance, make craftwork also additional function with stacte that it is made.It can be with Understand, the present invention does not limit the type of the auxiliary agent used.
It is of the present invention " main ... to be made ", it is intended that its raw material can also include other components exceptionally except described group Or parts, such as in modified raw soil mixed colors rubber, glass, plastics or mineral particle, make it have more rich Color and aesthetic method;Or required necessary parts when as craftwork with practical value, such as make For lamppost when its inside need embed power supply unit;Such as the metal of fixed tower spices can be set inside it when making incense burner Tip.In addition to this, " main ... be made " of the present invention, may be replaced by enclosed " for " or " by ... It is made ".
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the adhesive includes inorganic glue or organic gel.It is optional at some Embodiment in, the inorganic glue it is typical but non-limiting include phosphate, borate or silicate;It is optional at some Embodiment in, the organic gel includes rubber polymer or natural gum;Optionally, the rubber polymer is typical but non-limiting Including resin glue, rubber glue and mixed type glue, the preferred white glue with vinyl of rubber polymer;The resin glue is typical but non-limiting to include For epoxide-resin glue, phenolic resin glue, polyurethane resin adhesive and amino resin adhesive;The rubber glue is typical but non-limiting Including neoprene glue, nitrile rubber glue, comb sulphur rubber glue and silica gel glue;The typical but non-limiting packet of mixed type glue Include epoxy-nitrile rubber and phenolic aldehyde-nitrile rubber;Optionally, it includes animal glue and plant that the natural gum is typical but non-limiting Glue, optionally, the typical but non-limiting animal glue includes gelatine, casein glue, albumin glue, hide glue or shellac;It is optional Ground, the typical but non-limiting natural plant gum includes amylan, sesbania gum, rubber made from soybean cake or gum arabic.
In some preferred embodiments of the invention, the adhesive uses natural gum, natural gum to have drawn from greatly certainly So, nontoxic free from extraneous odour, and can degrade, public hazards are not generated, natural gas possessed by craftwork provided by the invention is met Breath.In one preferred embodiment, the adhesive is amylan or sesbania gum, further preferred amylan.Amylan It is using starch as natural adhesive made of base-material.The natural macromolecule carbohydrate that starch is made of glucose molecule, Its energy comes from natural light.Under water environment heating, starch granules water suction expands starch, is formed water-soluble viscous Thick paste can be used as adhesive.The abundance of amylan, production method are simple.
Optionally, starch is typical but non-limiting in the amylan to be originated from paddy, wheat, corn, glutinous The agricultural product such as rice, potato;Optionally, the starch can also include modified starch, such as replaced with different chemical groups and formed sediment The better modified starch adhesive of performance is made in part of hydroxyl in powder molecule, as oxidized starch glue, starch acetate ester gum or carboxyl form sediment Arogel;Optionally, in the amylan can also include optional additive, coordinate corresponding additive, can be made into viscosity, The different amylan of solid content, color, mechanical performance.
In some preferred embodiments of the invention, the amylan is made from starch dispersion heats afterwards in water Mucilago amyli, that is, the paste that is commonly called as in living, mucilago amyli viscosity made from this method is excellent, and free from extraneous odour, non-toxic, It is pollution-free.Preferably, the adhesive is the mucilago amyli of a concentration of 5%-15% of starch quality;Starch in the adhesive Mass concentration it is typical but non-limiting be 5%, 6%, 7%, 8%, 9%, 10%, 11%, 12%, 13%, 14% or 15%;The adhesive is the mucilago amyli that starch quality concentration is preferably 8%-12%.By adjusting starch in mucilago amyli Content can adjust the viscosity of mucilago amyli, so as to adjust the viscosity and plasticity of modified raw soil material, to be suitable for making Make different craftworks.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the filler includes at least one in stone, sand and plant fiber Kind.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the stone includes rubble and cobble, by natural rock or cobble It is obtained through broken, screening;Stone in present embodiment may include igneous rock, sedimentary rock by the source of the quality origin cause of formation and go bad Rock;It includes granite, syenite, diabase, gabbro, flint that the parent rock of stone is typical but non-limiting in present embodiment Stone, sandstone, hornfels, porphyry, peridotite, diabase, basalt, hard quartzite, soft silica rock or tufa stone.In this hair In some bright optional embodiments, the grain size of the stone is 2mm-6mm, it is typical but non-limiting for 3mm, 3.2mm, 3.5mm, 3.8mm, 4mm, 4.2mm, 4.5mm, 4.8mm or 5mm;The grain size of the stone is 3.5mm-4.5mm, passes through tune The grain size of whole filler can adjust the intensity of modified raw soil material.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the sand includes natural sand and/or artificial sand.Natural sand is rock Stone weathering is formed by the mixture for differing in size, being made of different minerals particle;In some alternative embodiments, institute It includes at least one of mountain sand, river sand and sea sand to state natural sand.River sand is rinsed through flowing water for a long time, and grain shape is relatively round, cleaner Only;Sea sand is often mixed with standby shell fragment and chloride content is higher, is preferably first rinsed using preceding;Mountain sand be from mountain valley or Obtained from person in riverbed with regard to felling and transporting, particle mostly band corner angle, rough surface contain more mud and weak particle.
Artificial sand is the general designation through Machine-made Sand, mixed sand except soil processing.Wherein Machine-made Sand is by Mechanical Crushing, screening Manufactured, grain size is less than the rock particles of 4.75mm, but does not include the particle of soft rockmass, decayed rock;Mixed sand is by mechanism The sand that sand and natural sand are mixed.Mixed sand does not have mixed proportion limitation, but the technology for having to carry out artificial sand requires and examination Proved recipe method.
Currently, there are mainly two types of forms for artificial sand production, one is the Machine-made Sand specially produced, grading, fineness modulus It can accomplish to be better than natural sand, grain shape also can be similar to natural sand.Another is incidentally produced or generates using various tailings , this is the main body of current artificial sand.Wherein, majority is that the aggregate chips after production rubble passes through simple processing and screening or direct Utilize the parent rock of artificial sand, other than limestone is main material source, granite, sandstone, quartzite, rhyolite, basalt, sudden strain of a muscle A variety of rocks such as long rock, gneiss, diabase, tufa stone can use.
The characteristics of artificial sand is:Multi-angular cube contains a certain amount of mountain flour, rough surface, large specific surface area.People Work sand has the following advantages that:Using various waste resources, meet saving, circular-type economy;Material source is fixed, is stablized, mechanization The mode of production, ensure that the stable quality of product and controllable;There are higher surface energy and hydrophily, has complete grading, have A variety of mineralogical composition may be selected, and grain composition is stable, adjustable, and particle shape can improve.
In some preferred embodiments of the invention, the sand includes casting silica sand.Casting is with quartz with silica sand For main mineral composition, grain size is the refractory particle thing of 0.02mm-3.35mm, exploits the difference of processing method by it, is divided into Natural silica Sands and the artificial silica sands such as sand, concentration sand are cleaned in washed-out sand.In some preferred embodiments of the invention, the sand Including the washed-out sand that grain size is 0.02mm-3.35mm, the grain size of the washed-out sand it is typical but non-limiting for 0.02mm, 0.05mm, 0.1mm, 0.2mm, 0.5mm, 1mm, 1.5mm, 2mm, 2.5mm, 3mm or 3.35mm;Preferably, the sand packet Include the washed-out sand that grain size is 1mm-3mm.The intensity of modified raw soil material can be adjusted by adjusting the grain size of filler.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the typical but non-limiting plant fiber includes hemp cut, rice The materials such as grass, green bristlegrass and bamboo reinforcement;In some preferred embodiments of the invention, the plant fiber includes stalk, described Stalk can be divided into cereal crops stalk and industrial crops stalk, and the typical but non-limiting cereal crops stalk includes wheat Straw, rice straw, maize straw and broomcorn straw etc.;The industrial crops stalk it is typical but non-limiting include cotton stalk, hemp stalk, Castor-oil plant stalk, reed stalk, beanstalk and rapeseed stalk etc..
Plant fiber can realize the physical modification to the raw-soil first, enhance resistance to compression and the shear strength of the raw-soil, to the raw-soil Mechanical property and the relevant physical property such as durability in terms of all make moderate progress;Secondly plant fiber is mostly useless in producing Material, the waste of resource can be reduced by being recycled, and plant fiber itself is also free of contamination material.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the filler is the washed-out sand that grain size is 0.02mm-3.35mm. In some optional embodiments of the invention, when needing the size of the craftwork made larger, the filler includes that grain size is The washed-out sand of 0.02mm-3.35mm and the stone that grain size is 2mm-6mm.Modified life can be further enhanced by adding stone The intensity of soil, and add particulate matter in the raw-soil and can also further enhance the stereovision of raw material material makes to produce Craftwork is more beautiful.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the auxiliary agent further includes colorant;
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the colorant includes pigment, and the pigment includes natural pigment And synthetic dyestuff.In some optionally embodiment, the source of the natural pigment can be mineral, animal, plant;Mine Typical but non-limiting object source pigment includes cinnabar, laterite, realgar, peacock green and powdered whiting, wollastonite, again Spar powder, talcum powder, mica powder or kaolin;Animal origin pigment is typical but non-limiting including kermes red worm or natural Pearl white;Typical but non-limiting plant origin pigment includes gamboge, alizarin red or indigo-blue.The synthetic dyestuff includes nothing Machine pigment and organic pigment;The typical but non-limiting inorganic pigment includes titanium white, lithopone, lead chromate yellow or barba hispanica;Institute It includes pigment scarlet powder, even yellowish, phthalocyanine blue or quinacridone that it is typical but non-limiting, which to state organic pigment,.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the colorant can also include pigment and optional additive;
In some alternative embodiments, the additive includes the solvent for dissolving pigment;Optionally, described Solvent includes at least one of water, esters solvent, alcohols solvent, ether solvent, ketones solvent and amine solvent.
In some alternative embodiments, the additive it is typical but non-limiting include film forming agent, diluent, Plasticizer, drier, stabilizer, mould inhibitor, emulsifier, levelling agent and initiator.
It should be noted that colorant of the present invention can be there are many mode to modified raw soil coloring, the present invention is not Limit coloring mode of the colorant to modified raw soil.It is alternatively possible to liquid colorant be selected, by the raw-soil or modified life Soil is mixed thoroughly with pigment, and raw-soil dyeing is made to become color of object;Alternatively it is also possible to select granular pigment and toner, make coloring Agent is filled in as filler in raw soil material, and the craftwork being fabricated in this way, which can carry, has coloured line Road;Alternatively it is also possible to select colorful coating, raw soil material to be modified is after mold molding is taken out, on its surface Colorful coating is brushed, can not only paint, can also be played a protective role to handicraft surface to craftwork, and It can also be drawn a design in handicraft surface using the method and decorative pattern.
In some preferred embodiments of the invention, the colorant is diatom ooze toner.Diatom ooze toner is with silicon Diatomaceous earth is primary raw material, adds powdery paints made of a variety of auxiliary agents.
Diatom ooze is a kind of environmental protection coating material of new type natural, for substituting emulsion paint and wallpaper.Diatomite is originated from ocean sea Algae passes through 1 years diatom mineral formed, and main component is opal and its mutation, followed by clay mineral, Including hydromica, kaolin and mineral chip, mineral chip includes quartz, biotite and organic impurities etc..Diatom ooze toner day So environmental protection, product itself are Low-carbon environment-friendlymaterial materials, without harmful additive, and diatom ooze toner is rich in color soft, and effect is natural Cordiality, texture is vividly true, has very strong artistic appeal.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the auxiliary agent further includes curing agent;In the present invention, some are optional In embodiment, the curing agent includes inorganic chemical species curing agent, ion exchange class curing agent, biological enzyme curing agent With organic curing agent.
Inorganic firming agent for soil is generally solid powdery, using cement, lime, coal dust and slag as main solid agent, with It is compounded as the various acids of exciting agent, Sulfates, inorganic salts and a small amount of surfactant etc..Inorganic soil Curing agent solidification soil relies primarily on the chemical reaction life between hydrolysis, aquation and hydrated product and the soil particle of its own The intensity of the soil body is improved at object.And calcium ion and the aluminium ion etc. in low price ionic compartmentation soil are utilized, be conducive in soil The aggregation of silicate and re-forming for mineral crystal.In some optional embodiments of the invention, inorganic soil solidification Following typical but non-limiting commercial product can be used in agent:NCS curing agent, Aught-Set curing agent, the rich board solidification in road Agent, SC curing agent, QJ curing agent, RT curing agent, 168 McDonnell Douglas curing agent, PSS curing agent and SGL inorganic binders.
Ion exchange class curing agent can fully exchange the charge in soil moisture with soil particle charge, and chemistry occurs Ion-exchange reactions reduces the water sorption caused by soil capillary, interstices of soil and surface tension, destroys soil The adsorbed film of water of grain reduces the repulsive force between soil particle, treated soil is made to become " hydrophobic by " hydrophily " Property ", the effects that through machinery leveling repeatedly, vibration, compacting, keeps soil height closely knit, form a kind of new soil texture. Some optional embodiment intermediate ions of the present invention exchange class curing agent and following typical but non-limiting commercially available production can be used Product:ISS curing agent or WH curing agent.
Biological enzyme firming agent for soil is formed by fermenting organic material, belongs to protein multienzyme base product.Most biology enzymes Soil-solidified-agent is the concentrate of brown, there is a slight fermented flavour, and it is nontoxic, do not burn.Prepared biological enzyme soil is consolidated Agent solution is uniformly spilled into soil, by the catalytic action of bioenzyme, changes the original structure of clay, is squeezed through external force close After reality, the organic and inorganic substances strength in soil is hardened into fine and close, firm and fluid-tight overall structure.In the present invention In some optional embodiments, following typical but non-limiting commercial product can be used in biological enzyme curing agent:Paar Agate cures enzyme or calm enzyme.
Organic curing agent is added in soil, be will produce chemical polymerization and is generated big organic molecule chain, and glue Tie soil particle.After big organic molecule exchanges to the surface of clay molecule, shielding action is will produce, reduces the suction in soil Attached water increases the permeability resistance of solidified earth, to improve the engineering properties of soil, or utilizes surfactant change grogs table Face hydrophilic nmature forms effective water resistant ability, on the basis of soil compression, can obtain preferable compression strength.At this It invents in some optional embodiments, following typical but non-limiting commercial product can be used in organic curing agent: EN-1 types, WSP, XF-1 types and RT-12 type macromolecular water-soluble soil-solidified-agents.
In some of the invention preferred embodiments, the modified raw soil count in parts by weight include 5-15 parts of the raw-soil, 1-10 parts of 5-15 parts of sand, 1-5 parts of stone, 1-10 parts of amylan and diatom ooze toner;Optionally, the parts by weight of the raw-soil It is typical but it is unrestricted be 5 parts, 6 parts, 7 parts, 8 parts, 9 parts, 10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts or 15 parts;Optionally, institute State sand parts by weight it is typical but it is unrestricted be 5 parts, 6 parts, 7 parts, 8 parts, 9 parts, 10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts Or 15 parts;Optionally, it is 1 part, 2 parts, 3 parts, 4 parts, 5 parts that the parts by weight of the stone are typical but unrestricted;Optionally, It is 1 part, 2 parts, 3 parts, 4 parts, 5 parts, 6 parts, 7 parts, 8 parts, 9 parts or 10 that the parts by weight of the amylan are typical but unrestricted Part;Optionally, the parts by weight of the diatom ooze toner it is typical but it is unrestricted for 1 part, 2 parts, 3 parts, 4 parts, 5 parts, 6 parts, 7 Part, 8 parts, 9 parts or 10 parts.The component that modified raw soil includes in the present embodiment is the raw-soil, stone, sand, mucilago amyli and silicon Algal gel toner, all environment-friendly materials, the craftwork being made using it is safe and non-toxic, meets people for environmental protection Pursuit.
In one preferred embodiment of the invention, the modified raw soil count in parts by weight include 9-11 parts of the raw-soil, 2-4 parts of 8-10 parts of sand, 1-2 parts of stone, 1-3 parts of amylan and diatom ooze toner;Contain by adjusting each component in modified raw soil Amount can further adjust the performance of modified raw soil, to reach optimization modified raw soil performance, and suitable for make different shape and The purpose of dimension process product.The content that stone in modified raw soil can be increased in right amount when making the craftwork of large-size, with This increases the intensity of modified raw soil, is not easy to cave in after making it be molded.It can not only adjust and change by adjusting the dosage of amylan The viscosity of the property raw-soil, can also adjust the humidity of modified raw soil, when the viscosity of modified raw soil and bigger humidity, modified raw soil Plasticity it is stronger, be suitble to make the more complicated craftwork of shape, but its hardness can reduce accordingly, therefore can root The additive amount of amylan is adjusted according to the shape and size of craftwork made of needs.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the production method includes first mixing each component according to formula ratio Then mold molding is poured into fermentation 1-2 days after even again.In the present embodiment, adhesive uses mucilago amyli, by amylan Fermenting 1-2 days after slurry and raw-soil mixing can make modified raw soil have higher viscosity.Optionally, by mucilago amyli and the raw-soil After mixing, the humidity of modified raw soil is advisable in 10%-30%, it is 10% that the humidity of modified raw soil is typical but non-limiting, 15%, 20%, 25% or 30%.The viscosity of modified raw soil can be adjusted by adjusting the humidity of modified raw soil.
In some preferred embodiments, the production method includes first by each component according to being sent out after formula ratio mixing Then the colorant of formula ratio is mixed into the modified raw soil that fermentation finishes by ferment 1-2 days, then pour into mold molding, on the one hand anti- Only colorant occurs qualitative change and leads to the change of color during the fermentation, is on the other hand also prevented from colorant soil and shallow lake The fermentation of arogel pulp mixture.
It, can be with it should be noted that the present invention is not limited the type and quantity of the color of the diatom ooze toner of addition A kind of diatom ooze toner is only added, makes manufactured craftwork that only there is a kind of color;It can also be first by the diatom ooze of multiple color The color that toner mixes needs is blended into modified raw soil;Can also by modified raw soil material according to color need part at etc. Part or not equal portions mix the diatom ooze toner of different colours in the independent modified raw soil material of every portion, then fall respectively Enter in mold, makes its craftwork produced that there is the color of a variety of levels.
In some preferred embodiments of the invention, the modified raw soil is poured by mold using the method for building.It rams The technology of building is usually applied in building, in some of the invention optionally embodiment, will be modified using the method for building Raw soil material is tamped in a model.In some preferred embodiments of the invention, using the technology of successively building, i.e., first take Part material is tamped in a mold, then successively adds raw material, successively tamps raw material.The close of craftwork is made using this method The quality of solidity higher, its corresponding finished product is better.
In some of the invention optional embodiments, using when successively modified raw soil is poured into mold by building method, often The modified raw soil of layer building may include with modified raw soil made of different formulations, as shown in Figure 1.It is optional real at one It applies in mode, by the modified raw soil with different colours, alternately successively building enters mold, and manufactured craftwork shows as having and hand over The color layers replaced, it is to be understood that can be alternate by the modified raw soil with a variety of different colours or random by Layer building enters mold, can obtain colored abundant, the craftwork with the performance of different decorative patterns.In an optional embodiment In, it can also be by the modified raw soil of the filler containing different weight part or different types of filler successively building.Due to The content of filler differs in modified raw soil, pours into the decorative pattern that appearance after mold building is presented and then differs, such as stone Modified raw soil building rear surface more than content can then have more coarse granule, and after the poor modified raw soil building of stone Its surface is then more fine and smooth, and after both modified raw soils alternating successively building, the outer surface of craftwork then will appear alternating Decorative pattern.It is understood that when, since the substance of filler differs, being respectively for example, by using filler in a variety of modified raw soils The modified raw soil of granite, cinnabar and stained glass particulates replaces successively building at random, then will appear since its filler difference is led The special decorative pattern caused.It is further repaiied after demoulding it is understood that the present invention does not limit prepared craftwork yet Decorations, it is typical but unrestricted for example using textile, metal, plastic products, glass, ceramics or paper products to work obtained Skill product are modified.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the production method further includes doing the craftwork after demoulding It is dry.Due to optionally containing the adhesive comprising liquid, colorant or other auxiliary agents for including liquid in modified raw soil, because This needs drying after its demoulding.
In some optional embodiments of the invention, the production method further includes being applied in molding handicraft surface Cover protective agent;Preferably, the protective agent may include anti-wear agent commonly used in the art, anti-blushing agent, antilubricant and corrosion-resistant At least one of agent, the present invention do not limit protectant type.In some alternative embodiments, the protective agent can Think wall guard agent or Virgin's milk glue solution;In one preferred embodiment, the protective agent is to be dispersed in water Casein sodium made of coating, wherein the dosage of casein sodium be water 0.5%-5%, it is typical but non-limiting It is 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%, 3%, 4% or the 5% of the quality of water, preferably 0.1%-2%.It is scattered in by optimization The dosage of casein sodium can further adjust and optimize the performance of the coating in water.The coating can make modified raw soil system At handicraft surface it is not scaling-off, and have waterproof action.
In one preferred embodiment of the invention, the production method includes the following steps:
(a) raw-soil raw material is got out, the raw-soil is crushed to the powder particle that grain size is less than 1mm using silt machine;
(b) sand, stone and mucilago amyli are provided;
(c) raw-soil, stone and sand are uniformly mixed;
(d) mucilago amyli of formula ratio is added into earth material, it is alternatively possible to determine modified raw soil as follows Humidity:Real one piece of earth material is pinched with hand, under 1m-1.5m height pendant, the group of sticking into is not broken into powder yet, but is broken into several small Block;
(e) it after modified raw soil material prepares, is packed into polybag or plastic casing is sealed by fermentation 1-2 days, it is glutinous to improve coating Property;
(f) the modified raw soil material for taking Partial fermentation good as needed, admixes diatom ooze toner, changes the color of soil, rams Chromatic pattern can be formed when building;
(g) modified raw soil material is poured into designed mold, successively building;
(h) after the completion of building, form removal.After its drying, paint surfaces protective agent.
The present invention also provides a kind of craftworks made of above-mentioned production method.The craftwork has been abandoned magnificent The material cumbersome decoration piling up and fawn on customs, pursued the natural aesthetic feeling of nature material, fully illustrated the natural skin texture of material Texture imparts the more intellectuals of craftwork and inspiration.The craftwork made using the raw-soil has claimed simple design concept, Highlight comply with the nature in life, show nature, with the life idea that coexists naturally, with it is without polishing, chisel and carve naturally it U.S. embodies quiet and not busy quiet life philosophy.
With reference to the embodiment that this law is bright, the advantageous effect that further illustrates the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of modified raw soil material is present embodiments provided, meter includes following component in parts by weight:5 parts of the raw-soil, grain size For 15 parts of the washed-out sand of 0.02mm-0.1mm, grain size be 4mm-6mm 1 part of basalt stone, cornstarch mass fraction be 5% 10 parts of cornstarch rubber cement, 1 part of Cinnabar, it is spare after mixing.
Embodiment 2
A kind of modified raw soil material is present embodiments provided, meter includes following component in parts by weight:The raw-soil 15 part, Diameter is 5 parts of 2mm-3.35mm washed-out sands, grain size is 5 parts of 3mm-5mm crushed granites, cornstarch mass fraction is 15% 1 part of cornstarch rubber cement, 10 parts of yellow diatom ooze toner, it is spare after mixing.
Embodiment 3
A kind of modified raw soil material is present embodiments provided, meter includes following component in parts by weight:7 parts of the raw-soil, grain size For the glutinous rice arogel that 12 parts of 1mm-2mm washed-out sands, grain size are 1 part of 2mm-4mm diabases stone, glutinous rice flour mass fraction is 8% Starch 5 parts, 1 part of mica powder;First seal box will be packed into after the raw-soil, washed-out sand, stone and glutinous rice flour rubber cement mixing to be sealed by fermentation 2 days, Then addition mica powder stirs evenly rear spare.
Embodiment 4
A kind of modified raw soil material is present embodiments provided, meter includes following component in parts by weight:The raw-soil 12 part, The jade that 7 parts of the washed-out sand that diameter is 1mm-3mm, grain size are 4 parts of 2mm-4mm diabases stone, cornstarch mass fraction is 12% 1 part of rice starch rubber cement, blue 6 parts of diatom ooze toner;It will be first packed into after the raw-soil, washed-out sand, stone and cornstarch rubber cement mixing Hermetic bag be sealed by fermentation 2 days, then be added diatom ooze toner stir evenly it is rear spare.
Embodiment 5
A kind of modified raw soil material is present embodiments provided, meter includes following component in parts by weight:9 parts of the raw-soil, grain size For 10 parts of 2mm-3mm washed-out sands, 1 part of crushed granite, cornstarch mass fraction be 10% 3 parts of cornstarch rubber cement, coffee 2 parts of coffee color diatom ooze toner;First seal box will be packed into after the raw-soil, washed-out sand, stone and cornstarch rubber cement mixing to be sealed by fermentation 2 days, then be added diatom ooze toner stir evenly it is rear spare.
Embodiment 6
A kind of modified raw soil material is present embodiments provided, meter includes following component in parts by weight:The raw-soil 11 part, The corn that diameter is 8 parts of 2mm-3mm washed-out sands, grain size is 2 parts of 2mm-4mm crushed granites, cornstarch mass fraction is 10% 1 part of mucilago amyli, it is spare after mixing.
Embodiment 7
A kind of modified raw soil material is present embodiments provided, meter includes following component in parts by weight:10 parts of the raw-soil and jade 2 parts of the cornstarch rubber cement that rice starch mass fraction is 10%;It is packed into after mixing spare after seal box is sealed by fermentation 2 days.
Embodiment 8
A kind of modified raw soil material is present embodiments provided, meter includes following component in parts by weight:The raw-soil 10 part, 1 part of the cornstarch rubber cement that diameter is 8 parts of 2mm-3mm washed-out sands, cornstarch mass fraction is 10%;Sealing is packed into after mixing Box is sealed by fermentation 2 days, is being mixed into suitable NCS soil-solidified-agents.
Embodiment 9
A kind of craftwork is present embodiments provided, which, which is mainly poured by modified raw soil in mold, is made, this implementation The mold that example uses is diameter 10cm cylindrical steel molds, and the modified raw soil material that embodiment 1 provides successively is poured into steel mold It is demoulded after middle building, can be used as pedestal up to cylindrical craftwork, the craftwork after dry and use.
Embodiment 10
A kind of craftwork is present embodiments provided, which, which is mainly poured by modified raw soil in mold, is made, this implementation The mold that example uses is diameter 10cm cylindrical steel molds, and the modified raw soil alternating that embodiment 2 and embodiment 3 are provided is successively It pours into steel mold and is demoulded after building, can be used as pedestal up to cylindrical craftwork, the craftwork after dry and use.
Embodiment 11
A kind of craftwork is present embodiments provided, which, which is mainly poured by modified raw soil in mold, is made, this implementation The mold that example uses is 7cm cube punching blocks, makes a negative norm, glues a high 45mm half in the wood chip of length of side 70mm high 1mm Diameter 25mm without corner angle smooth cylindrical, negative norm is put into punching block, the modified raw soil material that embodiment 7 provides successively is poured into Building in steel mold, after soil block drying, configuration pedestal is to get that can place the incense burner of tower spices, as shown in Figure 2.
Embodiment 12
A kind of craftwork is present embodiments provided, which, which is mainly poured by modified raw soil in mold, is made, this implementation The mold that uses of example is cube mold made of timber, the modified raw soil that first embodiment 4 is provided successively building into mold In, successively building is dry after demoulding into mold for the modified raw soil that then again provides embodiment 8, is then protected in external coating Protect agent, it is obtained that the protective agent is that casein sodium is dispersed in water, and the dosage of casein sodium is the 1% of the quality of water.It should Square craftwork can be used as pedestal use.
Embodiment 13
A kind of craftwork vase is present embodiments provided, which uses the steel mold of diameter 10cm, in a mold in advance Diameter 5cm acrylic pipes are first put into, the modified raw soil that embodiment 5 provides, which is successively poured into steel mold building, to be formed, after the completion again The transparent acrylic pipe of diameter 10cm is bonded on the 5cm diameter acrylic pipes being embedded in rammed earth column.On surface after drying The protective agent that brushing embodiment 12 provides, you can obtain can be used as the vase of craftwork, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4.
Embodiment 14
A kind of craftwork is present embodiments provided, which is lamps and lanterns, is mainly poured into mold and is made by modified raw soil At further including a lamp panel, the lamp panel is for providing light source;
The mold that the embodiment uses is the cylinder A and a diameter 10cm height 8cm of a diameter 10cm height 20cm Cylinder B, as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6;
By modified raw soil that embodiment 5 and embodiment 6 provide, alternately successively building enters in cylinder A molds, when building The PVC pipes of pre-buried diameter 5-8mm height 20cm, for placing lamp line, as shown in Figure 7;
By modified raw soil that embodiment 5 and embodiment 6 provide, alternately successively building enters in cylinder B molds;
Will be dry after the good two cylinders demoulding of building, in the protective agent that external coating embodiment 12 provides, then and Lamp panel assembling is good up to lamps and lanterns, as shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9;
Since the modified raw soil that embodiment 6 provides does not include colorant, it is in the primary colors of the raw-soil, contains wherein alternating with There is the raw soil material of coffee-like toner, therefore have coffee color patterned in the raw-soil primary colors of outer surface after building, by such as scenery with hills and waters Shape is very beautiful.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention., rather than its limitations; Although present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:Its It still can be either special to which part or whole technologies with technical scheme described in the above embodiments is modified Sign carries out equivalent replacement;And these modifications or replacements, various embodiments of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution The range of technical solution.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of production method of craftwork, which is characterized in that the production method includes that modified raw soil is poured into mold molding, Up to the craftwork after demoulding;
The modified raw soil is mainly made of the raw-soil, adhesive, filler and optional auxiliary agent.
2. manufacturing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the adhesive includes inorganic glue or organic gel;
Preferably, the organic gel includes rubber polymer or natural gum;
Preferably, the rubber polymer includes white glue with vinyl;
Preferably, the natural gum includes amylan or sesbania gum;
Preferably, the adhesive is the mucilago amyli of a concentration of 5%-15% of starch quality;Preferably mass concentration is 6%- 13% mucilago amyli;Further preferably mass concentration is the mucilago amyli of 8%-12%.
3. manufacturing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the filler includes in stone, sand and plant fiber At least one;
Preferably, the grain size of the stone is 2mm-6mm, preferably 3mm-5mm, more preferably 3.5mm-4.5mm;
Preferably, the sand includes casting silica sand;
Preferably, the casting silica sand includes washed-out sand, cleans at least one of sand and concentration sand;It is preferable to use washings Sand;
Preferably, the sand includes the washed-out sand that grain size is 0.02mm-3.35mm, and the preferably washed-out sand of 0.5mm-3mm is more excellent It is selected as the washed-out sand of 1mm-3mm;
Preferably, the plant fiber includes stalk;
Preferably, the stalk includes wheat straw, rice straw, maize straw, broomcorn straw, cotton stalk, hemp stalk, castor-oil plant stalk, reed stalk, beans At least one of straw and rapeseed stalk.
4. manufacturing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the auxiliary agent includes colorant;
Preferably, the colorant includes diatom ooze toner.
5. manufacturing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the auxiliary agent further includes curing agent;
Preferably, the curing agent include inorganic chemical species curing agent, ion exchange class curing agent, biological enzyme curing agent and Organic curing agent.
6. production method according to any one of claims 1-5, which is characterized in that the modified raw soil is in parts by weight Meter includes following component:1-10 parts of 5-15 parts of the raw-soil, 5-15 parts of sand, 1-5 parts of stone, 1-10 parts of amylan and diatom ooze toner;
Preferably, it includes following component that the modified raw soil is counted in parts by weight:7-12 parts of the raw-soil, 7-12 parts of sand, stone 1-4 1-6 parts of part, 1-5 parts of amylan and diatom ooze toner;
Preferably, it includes following component that the modified raw soil is counted in parts by weight:9-11 parts of the raw-soil, 8-10 parts of sand, stone 1-2 2-4 parts of part, 1-3 parts of amylan and diatom ooze toner.
7. production method according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the production method include first by each component according to It ferments 1-2 days after side's amount mixing, then pours into mold molding again;
Preferably, the production method includes that first each component ferments 1-2 days according to after formula ratio mixing, then by formula ratio Colorant is mixed into the modified raw soil that fermentation finishes, then pours into mold molding.
8. the production method according to any one of claim 1, which is characterized in that using the method for building by the modification The raw-soil pours into mold;
Preferably, the building is successively building.
9. manufacturing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the production method further includes after demoulding by the work Skill product are dried;
Preferably, after drying protective agent is coated in handicraft surface;
Preferably, the protective agent includes at least one of anti-wear agent, anti-blushing agent, antilubricant and corrosion-resistant agent.
10. the craftwork that a kind of production method using described in any one of claim 1-9 makes.
CN201810476238.XA 2018-05-17 2018-05-17 The production method and craftwork of craftwork Pending CN108585629A (en)

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