CN108581060B - Machining center polishing machine easy to overhaul - Google Patents

Machining center polishing machine easy to overhaul Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108581060B
CN108581060B CN201810449040.2A CN201810449040A CN108581060B CN 108581060 B CN108581060 B CN 108581060B CN 201810449040 A CN201810449040 A CN 201810449040A CN 108581060 B CN108581060 B CN 108581060B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
platform
machining center
cutter
groove
easy
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CN201810449040.2A
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CN108581060A (en
Inventor
陈文聪
徐丽梅
金平
励波雷
冯健
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Ningbo Minuo Machine Tools Co ltd
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Ningbo Minuo Machine Tools Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810449040.2A priority Critical patent/CN108581060B/en
Publication of CN108581060A publication Critical patent/CN108581060A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D79/00Methods, machines, or devices not covered elsewhere, for working metal by removal of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of machine tool equipment, in particular to a machining center polishing machine easy to overhaul, which comprises a polishing machine body and a workbench at the bottom of the polishing machine body, wherein an overhaul mechanism is arranged on one side of the polishing machine body, a quick assembly mechanism is arranged on the other side of the polishing machine body, a safety protection mechanism is arranged in front of the polishing machine body, a tool rest is arranged at the front end of the polishing machine body, a tool mounting head is arranged at the bottom end of the tool rest, a cutting motor is arranged at the top end of the tool rest, and an output shaft of the cutting motor penetrates through the tool rest and is coaxially connected with the tool mounting head.

Description

Machining center polishing machine easy to overhaul
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machine tool equipment, in particular to a machining center polishing machine easy to overhaul.
Background
A machining center bare engine is a machine tool main machine, namely a machine tool framework, which is a primary product of a numerical control machine tool and does not comprise a hydraulic transmission part, a pneumatic part, a motor, an electric part, a numerical control system and other parts. The optical machine manufacturing enterprise needs to assemble, inspect and paint the finished product according to international and domestic relevant standards, and then provides the finished product for the whole machine manufacturing enterprise of machine tools.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a machining center optical machine easy to overhaul so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an easy machining center smooth machine that overhauls, include the ray apparatus body with the workstation of ray apparatus body bottom, ray apparatus body one side is equipped with overhauls the mechanism, the opposite side of ray apparatus body is equipped with rapid Assembly mechanism the place ahead of ray apparatus body is equipped with safety protection mechanism, the front end of ray apparatus body is equipped with the knife rest, the bottom of knife rest is equipped with cutter installation head, the top of knife rest is equipped with the cutting motor, the output shaft of cutting motor pass the knife rest and with cutter installation head coaxial coupling.
As preferred, overhaul the mechanism including installing two crane on the ray apparatus body lateral wall, the back timber is installed on the top of crane, two be equipped with the elevating platform between the crane be equipped with on the elevating platform and overhaul the platform be equipped with the guardrail around overhauing the platform, the surperficial symmetry of elevating platform is equipped with two platform sideslip guide rails, overhaul the platform bottom surface be equipped with the guide rail slider that platform sideslip guide rail corresponds, every the guide rail slider is rather than the platform sideslip guide rail sliding connection who corresponds.
As preferred, the one end of overhauing the platform is equipped with screw nut, be equipped with the lead screw on the elevating platform just the lead screw with screw nut threaded connection, the one end of lead screw extends to elevating platform edge and coaxial coupling have big bevel gear, gear motor and mount are installed to the one end of elevating platform, gear motor's output shaft tip coaxial coupling has the action wheel, the one end of mount is rotated through the pivot and is connected with from the driving wheel, the action wheel with pass through the hold-in range from the driving wheel and connect, be connected with bevel pinion through the pivot from the driving wheel, bevel pinion with big bevel gear meshes.
Preferably, a pulley bracket is installed on the side surface of the lifting platform, a pulley is rotatably connected to the outer side of the pulley bracket through a bearing, two end parts of the other side surface of the lifting platform are respectively provided with a guide rail sliding part, a lifting frame sliding groove is vertically arranged on the lifting frame, the guide rail sliding piece penetrates through the lifting frame sliding groove and is connected with the lifting frame sliding groove in a sliding way, one side of the top beam is provided with a rope pulling roller, a steel strand fixing plate is arranged between the end part of one side of the top beam and the lifting frame, a steel strand is arranged between the rope pulling roller and the pulley, one end of the steel stranded rope is spirally wound on the rope pulling roller, the steel stranded rope is wound around the pulley, the other end of the steel stranded rope is fixed on the bottom surface of the steel stranded rope fixing plate, and the top of the optical machine body is also provided with a lifting driving motor, and an output shaft of the lifting driving motor penetrates through the top beam and is coaxially connected with the pull rope roller.
Preferably, the quick assembly mechanism comprises a supporting plate and a fixed seat arranged on the other side wall of the optical machine body, one end of the top surface of the fixed seat is hinged with a first support arm, one end of the first support arm is hinged with a second support arm, one end of the second support arm is hinged with the bottom surface of the supporting plate, a first limit block is arranged at the edge of the top surface of the fixed seat, a second limiting block is arranged at the edge of the surface of one end of the first support arm, two limiting flanges are symmetrically arranged on the surface of the supporting plate, a reciprocating table is arranged between the two limit flanges, a plurality of clamping teeth are uniformly embedded in the side wall of the reciprocating table at equal intervals, the surface of the supporting plate is rotationally connected with a half gear through a bearing, the half gear is meshed with the latch, and a motor is arranged at the bottom of the supporting plate, and an output shaft of the motor penetrates through the supporting plate and is coaxially connected with the half gear.
As preferred, the even equidistant a plurality of cutter fasteners that are equipped with in surface of reciprocal platform, the cutter fastener is including fixing reciprocal epaxial sleeve, the sleeve endotheca is equipped with the cutter head of base and base top, the cutter head with be equipped with the spring between the base, the coaxial axle of inserting that is equipped with in top of cutter head, the bottom bilateral symmetry of inserting the axle is equipped with the steel and is strong, the cutter head and all set up the second round pin hole that corresponds on the steel is strong, the bottom surface of cutter installation head is equipped with the chuck, the keyway has transversely been seted up in the center department of chuck, still seted up on the chuck and run through the keyway and with the first round pin hole of second round pin hole one-to-one.
As preferred, the surface of reciprocal platform still is equipped with the frame, the one end of frame is still installed and is inserted the nail subassembly, insert the nail subassembly include with frame fixed connection's fixed block, the upper surface of fixed block seted up with the cotter groove of second cotter hole one-to-one, one side of fixed block still is equipped with L type push pedal, be equipped with the guide post on the terminal surface of L type push pedal, the one end of guide post is inserted the fixed block and with fixed block sliding connection.
Preferably, the safety protection mechanism comprises a floor which is arranged on the bottom surface of the workbench and extends to the front side of the workbench, portal frames are vertically arranged on two sides of the floor, a cross beam is arranged between the top ends of the portal frames, and a semi-arc-shaped clamping plate is arranged on the surface of the floor and positioned on the cross beam.
Preferably, a rotating cylinder is arranged inside the semi-arc-shaped clamping plate, a flexible plastic plate is spirally wound on the outer side of the rotating cylinder, a plate groove is formed in the top surface of the semi-arc-shaped clamping plate, one end of the flexible plastic plate penetrates through the plate groove and is connected with an elastic rope, the top end of the elastic rope is fixed to the bottom end of the cross beam, two ends of the rotating cylinder are rotatably connected with portal frames on two sides through rotating shafts respectively, the rotating shaft at one end of the rotating cylinder penetrates through the portal frames and is coaxially connected with a rocker, and a limiting hole is formed in one end of the rotating cylinder in an.
Preferably, set up on the floor and be located the floor groove of half arc cardboard front side, the embedded trigger plate that is equipped with in floor groove, the bottom surface equidistance of trigger plate is equipped with a plurality of return springs and passes through return spring and ground fixed connection, the one end of trigger plate is equipped with little ejector pad, be equipped with U type kelly on the little ejector pad, the one end of U type kelly with spacing hole grafting cooperation, still seted up the sliding guide groove on the inner wall in floor groove, the both sides wall of little ejector pad all be equipped with sliding guide groove sliding connection's direction is detained.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. when the maintenance platform is maintained, a maintenance worker squats on the maintenance platform, the lifting driving motor rotates to drive the pull rope roller to rotate so as to realize upward pulling or downward delivering of the lifting platform, the speed reduction motor drives the screw rod and the screw rod nut to be matched to drive the whole maintenance platform to move along the horizontal moving guide rail of the platform, the maintenance can be carried out on the part needing to be maintained when the maintenance platform moves to the specified position, the maintenance worker can maintain the specified position according to the actual condition of the optical machine through the maintenance mechanism, the safety guarantee is increased under the protection effect of the guardrail, and great convenience is provided for maintenance work.
2. According to the invention, during assembly, the rapid assembly mechanism is used for assembling the cutter according to different requirements of workpieces, so that the working efficiency is greatly improved during assembly, various cutters can be arranged for assembly, the cutter does not need to be contacted by hands during assembly, and the safety is ensured.
3. In the operation process of the invention, when someone accidentally approaches the optical machine, the mechanical induction type safety protection mechanism effectively ensures that the idle and miscellaneous personnel are blocked at a certain distance when approaching the optical machine in work under the unconscious condition, can not be accidentally injured due to the private approach of the optical machine, can be repeatedly used, does not need electric drive, and is energy-saving and environment-friendly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an inspection mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of another aspect of the maintenance device of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the structure at B in the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a quick assembly mechanism in the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the quick assembly mechanism of the present invention from one perspective;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the quick assembly mechanism of the present invention from another perspective;
FIG. 9 is a view of the engagement of the tool mounting head with the tool cartridge of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the tool holder of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view showing the structure of a cutter mounting head according to the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a bottom view of the quick assembly mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural view of a plug pin assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the safety shield mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is an enlarged view of the structure at C in the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a partial schematic view of the safety shield mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the semi-arc pallet of the present invention;
figure 18 is a perspective view of a safety shield mechanism according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a carriage body; 10. a tool holder; 11. cutting the motor; 12. a cutter mounting head; 120. a chuck; 121. a keyway; 122. a shaft hole; 123. a first pin hole; 2. a work table; 3. a maintenance mechanism; 30. a lifting platform; 300. transversely moving the platform by the guide rail; 301. a guide rail slider; 302. a lead screw; 303. a large bevel gear; 304. a bevel pinion gear; 305. a fixed mount; 306. a driven wheel; 307. a sliding guide; 31. overhauling the platform; 310. a guardrail; 311. a lead screw nut; 32. a lifting frame; 320. a chute of the lifting frame; 33. a top beam; 330. a steel strand fixing plate; 34. a lifting drive motor; 35. a rope pulling roller; 36. a pulley bracket; 37. a pulley; 38. a steel strand; 39. a reduction motor; 390. a driving wheel; 391. a synchronous belt; 4. a rapid assembly mechanism; 40. a support plate; 400. limiting and blocking edges; 401. a half gear; 402. a frame; 403. a motor; 41. a reciprocating stage; 410. clamping teeth; 42. a fixed seat; 420. a first stopper; 43. a first support arm; 430. a second limiting block; 44. a second support arm; 45. a tool clamping piece; 450. a base; 451. a spring; 452. a cutter head; 453. steel key; 454. inserting a shaft; 455. a second pin hole; 456. a sleeve; 46. a plug pin assembly; 460. a fixed block; 4600. a pin slot; 461. an L-shaped push plate; 462. a guide post; 5. a safety protection mechanism; 50. a floor; 500. a sliding guide groove; 501. floor grooves; 51. a gantry; 52. a cross beam; 53. a semi-arc shaped snap gauge; 530. a plate groove; 531. a soft plastic board; 532. a rotating drum; 533. a rocker; 534. a limiting hole; 54. a small push block; 540. a guide buckle; 55. a U-shaped clamping rod; 56. a trigger plate; 57. a return spring; 58. an elastic cord.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-18, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a machining center bare engine easy to overhaul comprises a bare engine body 1 and a workbench 2 at the bottom of the bare engine body 1, wherein an overhaul mechanism 3 is arranged on one side of the bare engine body 1, the overhaul mechanism 3 comprises two lifting frames 32 arranged on the side wall of the bare engine body 1, a top beam 33 is arranged at the top ends of the lifting frames 32, a lifting platform 30 is arranged between the two lifting frames 32, an overhaul platform 31 is arranged on the lifting platform 30, a guardrail 310 is arranged around the overhaul platform 31, two platform transverse moving guide rails 300 are symmetrically arranged on the surface of the lifting platform 30, guide rail sliders 301 corresponding to the platform transverse moving guide rails 300 are arranged on the bottom surface of the overhaul platform 31, each guide rail slider 301 is in sliding connection with the corresponding platform transverse moving guide rail 300, a lead screw nut 311 is arranged at one end of the overhaul platform 31, a lead screw 302 is arranged on the lifting platform 30, the lead screw 302 is in threaded connection with the lead screw nut, a speed reducing motor 39 and a fixed mount 305 are installed at one end of the lifting platform 30, a driving wheel 390 is coaxially connected with the end part of an output shaft of the speed reducing motor 39, one end of the fixed mount 305 is rotatably connected with a driven wheel 306 through a rotating shaft, the driving wheel 390 is connected with the driven wheel 306 through a synchronous belt 391, the driven wheel 306 is connected with a small bevel gear 304 through a rotating shaft, the small bevel gear 304 is meshed with a large bevel gear 303, a pulley support 36 is installed at the side surface of the lifting platform 30, a pulley 37 is rotatably connected with the outer side of the pulley support 36 through a bearing, guide rail sliders 301 are respectively arranged at two end parts of the other side surface of the lifting platform 30, a lifting frame sliding groove 320 is vertically arranged on the lifting frame 32, the guide rail sliders 301 penetrate through the lifting frame sliding groove 320 and are slidably connected with the lifting frame, a rope pulling roller 35 is arranged at one, one end of the steel twisted rope 38 is spirally wound on the rope pulling roller 35, the steel twisted rope 38 is wound around the pulley 37, the other end of the steel twisted rope is fixed on the bottom surface of the steel twisted rope fixing plate 330, the lifting driving motor 34 is further installed at the top of the optical machine body 1, and an output shaft of the lifting driving motor 34 penetrates through the top beam 33 and is coaxially connected with the rope pulling roller 35.
In this embodiment, the lifting driving motor 34 is a permanent magnet dc motor, and does not need a dc excitation power supply, so that the power consumption of the power supply can be reduced, and the lifting driving motor has an important economic value; the excitation winding is not arranged, so that the copper consumption of the motor is saved, the electric copper consumption is reduced, and particularly in the micro and small-capacity range, the weight, the volume, the efficiency and the cost of the motor are improved; the main magnetic flux can be controlled by adjusting the exciting current, but the magnetic field of the permanent magnet material in the permanent magnet motor is constant, so the voltage regulation rate of the permanent magnet motor is poor, and the speed regulation can be realized only by changing the voltage/current of an armature.
In this embodiment, the height of crane 32 is the same with ray apparatus body 1 height, and the maintenance platform 31 of being convenient for can rise to the arbitrary high department of maintaining ray apparatus body 1 and overhaul.
In this embodiment, when the maintenance platform 31 moves to the farthest end, the end of the maintenance platform 31 can be the same as the farthest end of the workbench 2, so that the maintenance platform 31 can reach the farthest end of the workbench 2 for maintenance.
The other side of the optical machine body 1 is provided with a rapid assembly mechanism 4, the rapid assembly mechanism 4 comprises a supporting plate 40 and a fixed seat 42 arranged on the other side wall of the optical machine body 1, one end part of the top surface of the fixed seat 42 is hinged with a first supporting arm 43, one end of the first supporting arm 43 is hinged with a second supporting arm 44, one end of the second supporting arm 44 is hinged with the bottom surface of the supporting plate 40, the edge of the top surface of the fixed seat 42 is provided with a first limit block 420, the edge of the surface of one end of the first supporting arm 43 is provided with a second limit block 430, the surface of the supporting plate 40 is symmetrically provided with two limit flanges 400, a reciprocating table 41 is arranged between the two limit flanges 400, a plurality of latch teeth 410 are uniformly and equidistantly embedded in the side wall of the reciprocating table 41, the surface of the supporting plate 40 is rotatably connected with a half gear 401 through a bearing, the half gear 401 is engaged with the latch teeth 410, the surface of the reciprocating table 41 is uniformly provided with a plurality of cutter clamping pieces 45 at equal intervals, each cutter clamping piece 45 comprises a sleeve 456 fixed on the reciprocating table 41, a base 450 and a cutter head 452 above the base 450 are sleeved in each sleeve 456, a spring 451 is arranged between each cutter head 452 and the base 450, the top end of each cutter head 452 is coaxially provided with an insertion shaft 454, steel studs 453 are symmetrically arranged on the two sides of the bottom end of each insertion shaft 454, the cutter heads 452 and the steel studs 453 are respectively provided with corresponding second pin holes 455, the bottom surface of each cutter mounting head 12 is provided with a chuck 120, the center of each chuck 120 is transversely provided with a key slot 121, each chuck 120 is further provided with first pin holes 123 which penetrate through the key slots 121 and correspond to the second pin holes 455 one by one, the front end of the optical-mechanical body 1 is provided with a cutter holder 10, the bottom end of the cutter mounting head 10 is provided with a cutter mounting head 12, the top end of the cutter holder 10 is, the surface of the reciprocating table 41 is further provided with a frame 402, one end of the frame 402 is further provided with a pin inserting assembly 46, the pin inserting assembly 46 comprises a fixed block 460 fixedly connected with the frame 402, the upper surface of the fixed block 460 is provided with pin grooves 4600 corresponding to the second pin holes 455 in a one-to-one manner, one side of the fixed block 460 is further provided with an L-shaped push plate 461, the L-shaped push plate 461 is provided with a guide post 462 on one end, and one end of the guide post 462 is inserted into the fixed block 460 and is connected with the fixed block 460 in a sliding manner.
In this embodiment, the cutting tool of different models is all installed to tool head 452 department on every tool fastener 45, and the quantity of tool fastener 45 is 6, freely switches through the cutter on a plurality of tool heads 452, cooperates the use of whole rapid Assembly mechanism 4, improvement work efficiency that can be very big.
In this embodiment, the steel bar 453 is inserted into the key groove 121, so that the tool head 452 and the tool mounting head 12 are assembled.
In this embodiment, the teeth of the half gear 401 are distributed in one quarter of the half gear 401, so that the reciprocating table 41 is periodically pushed during the rotation of the half gear 401, and the dead time is used for the tool mounting head 12 to replace the tool head 452.
In this embodiment, the center of the tool mounting head 12 is further provided with a shaft hole 122 that is inserted and matched with the insertion shaft 454, so as to increase the contact area with the tool mounting head 12 when the tool head 452 is assembled, and ensure the structural firmness.
A safety protection mechanism 5 is arranged in front of the optical machine body 1, the safety protection mechanism 5 comprises a floor 50 which is arranged on the bottom surface of the workbench 2 and extends to the front of the workbench 2, two sides of the floor 50 are vertically provided with portal frames 51, a cross beam 52 is arranged between the top ends of the portal frames 51, a semi-arc-shaped clamping plate 53 is arranged on the surface of the floor 50 and positioned at the cross beam 52, a rotary drum 532 is arranged inside the semi-arc-shaped clamping plate 53, a soft plastic plate 531 is spirally wound outside the rotary drum 532, a plate groove 530 is formed in the top surface of the semi-arc-shaped clamping plate 53, one end of the soft plastic plate 531 passes through the plate groove 530 and is connected with an elastic rope 58, the top end of the elastic rope 58 is fixed at the bottom end of the cross beam 52, two ends of the rotary drum 532 are respectively rotatably connected with the portal frames 51 on two sides through rotary shafts, a, offer the floor groove 501 that is located half arc cardboard 53 front side on the floor 50, the embedded trigger plate 56 that is equipped with in floor groove 501, the bottom surface equidistance of trigger plate 56 is equipped with a plurality of return spring 57 and passes through return spring 57 and ground fixed connection, the one end of trigger plate 56 is equipped with little ejector pad 54, be equipped with U type kelly 55 on the little ejector pad 54, the cooperation of pegging graft of the one end and spacing hole 534 of U type kelly 55, sliding guide groove 500 has still been seted up on floor groove 501's the inner wall, the both sides wall of little ejector pad 54 all is equipped with the direction of 500 sliding connection with sliding guide groove and detains 540.
In this embodiment, the surfaces of the trigger plate 56 and the small push block 54 which are connected to each other are inclined planes, and the inclination angle is 65 °, so that when the trigger plate 56 moves downward, water is vertically transferred to the horizontal displacement of the small push block 54, and the small push block 54 is pushed to move.
In this embodiment, the elastic rope 58 is made of a cowhells rubber material, and has the advantages of high elastic performance, strong corrosion resistance, firmness, and the like.
In this embodiment, the soft plastic board 531 is manufactured as follows:
20-30 parts of ABS plastic;
10-20 parts of phenolic resin;
30-35 parts of PE;
5-15 parts of polyether sulfone resin;
and 5-10 parts of an auxiliary agent.
In this embodiment, the method for manufacturing the soft plastic plate 531 is as follows,
the method comprises the following steps: adding ABS plastic and PE into a hot mixing pot, heating to 80 ℃, adding polyether sulfone resin and phenolic resin at the rotating speed of 350r/min, and stirring for 1 h; heating to 100 deg.C, adding toughening agent, light diffusing agent and flame retardant at 450r/min, and stirring for 30min to obtain premix;
step two: putting the premix into a double-screw extruder for extrusion, cooling and dicing to obtain a plastic material;
through the test, the light transmittance of the soft plastic board 531 is 92%, the elongation at break is 513%, so that the soft plastic board does not affect the checking of the condition of the optical machine when blocking people from approaching the optical machine, and the soft plastic board has strong toughness and long service life.
When the machining center bare engine easy to overhaul is overhauled, an overhaul worker squats on the overhaul platform 31, the lifting driving motor 34 rotates to drive the rope pulling roller 35 to rotate, the rope pulling roller 35 winds or releases the steel stranded rope 38 in the rotating process to adjust the steel stranded rope 38 to pull upwards or release downwards the lifting platform 30, the pulley 37 rotates along with the steel stranded rope 38 in the drawing process, when the steel stranded rope rises or falls to a specified height, the speed reducing motor 39 rotates to drive the driving wheel 390 to rotate, the driven wheel 306 rotates synchronously under the driving of the synchronous belt 391, the torque is transmitted to the lead screw 302 through the transmission of the large bevel gear 303 and the small bevel gear 304, the lead screw 302 drives the whole overhaul platform 31 to move horizontally along the platform transverse guide rail 300 under the cooperation of the lead screw nut 311, and when the lead screw 302 moves to a specified position, the part needing to be overhauled can be overhauled, make the maintainer overhaul appointed position according to the actual conditions of ray apparatus through overhauing mechanism 3, not only increased the safety guarantee under guardrail 310's guard action to provide very big convenience to overhaul work.
When the machining center bare engine easy to overhaul is assembled, according to different requirements of workpieces, the rapid assembly mechanism 4 is used for assembling the cutter, when the machining center bare engine is replaced, the first support arm 43 and the second support arm 44 are firstly adjusted, when the first support arm 43 and the second support arm 44 are respectively adjusted to the positions limited by the first limiting block 420 and the second limiting block 430, the reciprocating table 41 and the workbench 2 are in a horizontal state, the motor 403 drives the half gear 401 to rotate, so that the latch 410 on the side edge of the reciprocating table 41 drives the reciprocating table 41 to horizontally and periodically advance and retreat, when the half gear 401 rotates for a circle, the reciprocating table 41 moves for a distance of one station, according to actual requirements, a proper cutter is selected to move to the position under the cutter mounting head 12, at the moment, the cutter mounting head 12 is pressed down to enable the insert shaft 454 to be inserted into the shaft hole 122, at the moment, the cutter mounting head 12 is controlled to rotate, and in, the chuck 120 is pressed down and rotated, the cutter head 452 is extruded, the spring 451 is compressed, when the key groove 121 and the steel key 453 are rotated to the horizontal position, the cutter head 452 is sprung under the elastic force of the spring 451 and is in key connection with the chuck 120, the cutter head 452 is not rotated, the pin in the pin groove 4600 is inserted into the second pin hole 455 and the first pin hole 123 by manually or mechanically pushing the L-shaped push plate 461, so that the assembly is realized, the mode not only greatly improves the working efficiency during the assembly, but also can be provided with various different cutters for assembly, and ensures the safety without touching the cutters by hands during the assembly.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in the above embodiments and the description, and are not intended to limit the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an easy machining center optical machine that overhauls, include ray apparatus body (1) and workstation (2) of ray apparatus body (1) bottom, its characterized in that: an overhaul mechanism (3) is arranged on one side of the optical machine body (1), a quick assembly mechanism (4) is arranged on the other side of the optical machine body (1), a safety protection mechanism (5) is arranged in front of the optical machine body (1), a cutter rest (10) is arranged at the front end of the optical machine body (1), a cutter mounting head (12) is arranged at the bottom end of the cutter rest (10), a cutting motor (11) is arranged at the top end of the cutter rest (10), and an output shaft of the cutting motor (11) penetrates through the cutter rest (10) and is coaxially connected with the cutter mounting head (12); the rapid assembly mechanism (4) comprises a supporting plate (40) and a fixing seat (42) installed on the other side wall of the optical machine body (1), a first support arm (43) is hinged to one end of the top surface of the fixing seat (42), a second support arm (44) is hinged to one end of the first support arm (43), one end of the second support arm (44) is hinged to the bottom surface of the supporting plate (40), a first limiting block (420) is arranged at the edge of the top surface of the fixing seat (42), a second limiting block (430) is arranged at the edge of the surface of one end of the first support arm (43), two limiting flanges (400) are symmetrically arranged on the surface of the supporting plate (40), a reciprocating table (41) is arranged between the two limiting flanges (400), a plurality of clamping teeth (410) are uniformly and equidistantly embedded in the side wall of the reciprocating table (41), and a half gear (401) is rotatably connected to the surface of the supporting plate (40, the half gear (401) is meshed with the latch (410), a motor (403) is installed at the bottom of the supporting plate (40), and an output shaft of the motor (403) penetrates through the supporting plate (40) and is coaxially connected with the half gear (401).
2. The easy to service machining center light engine of claim 1, wherein: overhaul mechanism (3) including installing two crane (32) on ray apparatus body (1) lateral wall, back timber (33) are installed, two on the top of crane (32) be equipped with elevating platform (30) between crane (32) be equipped with maintenance platform (31) on elevating platform (30) be equipped with guardrail (310) around maintenance platform (31), the surface symmetry of elevating platform (30) is equipped with two platform sideslip guide rails (300), overhaul platform (31) be equipped with on the bottom surface with guide rail slider (301) that platform sideslip guide rail (300) correspond, every guide rail slider (301) rather than platform sideslip guide rail (300) sliding connection who corresponds.
3. The easy to service machining center light engine of claim 2, wherein: the one end of overhauing platform (31) is equipped with screw nut (311), be equipped with on elevating platform (30) lead screw (302) just lead screw (302) with screw nut (311) threaded connection, the one end of lead screw (302) extends to elevating platform (30) edge and coaxial coupling have big bevel gear (303), gear motor (39) and mount (305) are installed to the one end of elevating platform (30), the output shaft end coaxial coupling of gear motor (39) has action wheel (390), the one end of mount (305) is rotated through the pivot and is connected with from driving wheel (306), action wheel (390) with from driving wheel (306) through hold-in range (391) connection, from driving wheel (306) be connected with bevel pinion (304) through the pivot, bevel pinion (304) with big bevel gear (303) meshing.
4. The easy to service machining center light engine of claim 3, wherein: a pulley support (36) is installed on the side face of the lifting platform (30), a pulley (37) is rotatably connected to the outer side of the pulley support (36) through a bearing, guide rail sliding parts (301) are arranged at two end portions of the other side face of the lifting platform (30), a lifting frame sliding groove (320) is vertically formed in the lifting frame (32), the guide rail sliding parts (301) penetrate through the lifting frame sliding groove (320) and are in sliding connection with the lifting frame sliding groove, a pull rope roller (35) is arranged on one side of the top beam (33), a steel stranded rope fixing plate (330) is arranged between the end portion of one side of the top beam (33) and the lifting frame (32), a steel stranded rope (38) is arranged between the pull rope roller (35) and the pulley (37), one end of the steel stranded rope (38) is spirally wound on the pull rope roller (35), the pulley (37) is wound around the steel stranded rope (38), and the other end of the pulley (37) is fixed to the, the optical machine is characterized in that a lifting driving motor (34) is further mounted at the top of the optical machine body (1), and an output shaft of the lifting driving motor (34) penetrates through the top beam (33) and is coaxially connected with the rope pulling roller (35).
5. The easy to service machining center light engine of claim 1, wherein: a plurality of cutter clamping pieces (45) are uniformly arranged on the surface of the reciprocating table (41) at equal intervals, the tool clamping piece (45) comprises a sleeve (456) fixed on the reciprocating table (41), the sleeve (456) is internally sleeved with a base (450) and a cutter head (452) above the base (450), a spring (451) is arranged between the cutter head (452) and the base (450), the top end of the cutter head (452) is coaxially provided with an inserting shaft (454), two sides of the bottom end of the inserting shaft (454) are symmetrically provided with steel keys (453), the cutter head (452) and the steel key (453) are respectively provided with a corresponding second pin hole (455), a chuck (120) is arranged on the bottom surface of the cutter mounting head (12), a key slot (121) is transversely formed in the center of the chuck (120), the chuck (120) is further provided with first pin holes (123) which penetrate through the key slot (121) and correspond to the second pin holes (455) one by one.
6. The easy to service machining center light engine of claim 5, wherein: the surface of reciprocal platform (41) still is equipped with frame (402), the one end of frame (402) is still installed and is inserted nail subassembly (46), insert nail subassembly (46) including with frame (402) fixed connection's fixed block (460), the upper surface of fixed block (460) seted up with pin groove (4600) of second pin hole (455) one-to-one, one side of fixed block (460) still is equipped with L type push pedal (461), be equipped with guide post (462) on the terminal surface of L type push pedal (461), the one end of guide post (462) is inserted fixed block (460) and with fixed block (460) sliding connection.
7. The easy to service machining center light engine of claim 6, wherein: safety protection mechanism (5) are including installing workstation (2) bottom surface extends to floor (50) in workstation (2) the place ahead, the both sides of floor (50) are vertical to be equipped with portal frame (51), be equipped with crossbeam (52) between the top of portal frame (51), the surface on floor (50) is located crossbeam (52) department is equipped with half arc cardboard (53).
8. The easy to service machining center light engine of claim 7, wherein: the semi-arc-shaped clamping plate (53) is internally provided with a rotating cylinder (532), the outer side of the rotating cylinder (532) is spirally wound with a soft plastic plate (531), the top surface of the semi-arc-shaped clamping plate (53) is provided with a plate groove (530), one end of the soft plastic plate (531) penetrates through the plate groove (530) and is connected with an elastic rope (58), the top end of the elastic rope (58) is fixed at the bottom end of the cross beam (52), two ends of the rotating cylinder (532) are respectively connected with portal frames (51) on two sides in a rotating mode through rotating shafts, the rotating shaft at one end of the rotating cylinder (532) penetrates through the portal frames (51) and is coaxially connected with a rocker (533), and one end of the rotating cylinder (532) is eccentrically provided with a limit hole.
9. The easy to service machining center light engine of claim 8, wherein: offer on floor (50) and be located floor groove (501) of half arc cardboard (53) front side, ground plate groove (501) are embedded to be equipped with and trigger board (56), the bottom surface equidistance of triggering board (56) is equipped with a plurality of return spring (57) and passes through return spring (57) and ground fixed connection, the one end of triggering board (56) is equipped with little ejector pad (54), be equipped with U type kelly (55) on little ejector pad (54), the one end of U type kelly (55) with spacing hole (534) cooperation of pegging graft, slide guide groove (500) have still been seted up on the inner wall of floor groove (501), the both sides wall of little ejector pad (54) all be equipped with slide guide groove (500) sliding connection's direction is detained (540).
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