CN108557052A - Aircraft and the method for fixing container for aircraft - Google Patents

Aircraft and the method for fixing container for aircraft Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108557052A
CN108557052A CN201810413509.7A CN201810413509A CN108557052A CN 108557052 A CN108557052 A CN 108557052A CN 201810413509 A CN201810413509 A CN 201810413509A CN 108557052 A CN108557052 A CN 108557052A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
container
elevating
clamp
aircraft
pedestal
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810413509.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
路广银
姚志红
Original Assignee
北京京东尚科信息技术有限公司
北京京东世纪贸易有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 北京京东尚科信息技术有限公司, 北京京东世纪贸易有限公司 filed Critical 北京京东尚科信息技术有限公司
Priority to CN201810413509.7A priority Critical patent/CN108557052A/en
Publication of CN108557052A publication Critical patent/CN108557052A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C1/00Fuselages; Constructional features common to fuselages, wings, stabilising surfaces and the like
    • B64C1/22Other structures integral with fuselages to facilitate loading, e.g. cargo bays, cranes

Abstract

Present disclose provides a kind of aircraft, including body and fixed structure, the fixed structure includes:Pedestal is connected to the body;Clamp structure is connect with the pedestal, for container to be clamped;And elevating mechanism, it is connect with the pedestal, for driving the container to carry out elevating movement relative to the pedestal, wherein the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other to realize crawl and/or release to the container.

Description

Aircraft and the method for fixing container for aircraft

Technical field

This disclosure relates to which warehouse logistics field, container is fixed more particularly, to a kind of aircraft and for aircraft Method.

Background technology

With the fast development of science and technology, the every field such as aircraft is widely used in logistics, plant protection, takes photo by plane, especially It is the development with e-commerce and logistic industry, and the development of logistics aircraft attracts attention.Logistics aircraft is transporting During container, it usually needs fix container by aircraft, therefore, how logistics aircraft, which is fixed and transport container, becomes The problem of urgent need to resolve.

During realizing present inventive concept, inventor has found that at least there are the following problems in the prior art, existing skill The fixed form that aircraft in art fixes container is more single, and aircraft generally can not meet difference to the fixed form of container Logistics operating mode, for example, existing aircraft is that container is directly anchored on aircraft fuselage to the fixed form of container, or Container is fixed by hoist cable.When container to be directly anchored on aircraft fuselage, it is poor to be in landing ground environment in aircraft Under conditions of, aircraft cannot land and can not into line access container, and by hoist cable fix container when, be easy to happen container not Stable situation, therefore, the mode of aircraft fixation container causes aircraft to be difficult to meet aircraft in difference in the prior art Logistics operating mode transports container.

Invention content

In view of this, present disclose provides a kind of aircraft for transport.

Present disclose provides a kind of aircraft, including body and fixed structure, the fixed structure includes pedestal, clamping Structure and elevating mechanism.Pedestal is connected to the body, and clamp structure is connect with the pedestal, for container to be clamped, with And elevating mechanism, it is connect with the pedestal, for driving the container to carry out elevating movement relative to the pedestal, wherein institute It states clamp structure and the elevating mechanism is fitted to each other to realize crawl and/or release to the container.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, said base includes:Marginal portion and middle section, the clamp structure with it is described Pedestal connects:The clamp structure is connect with the marginal portion of the pedestal, and the elevating mechanism is connect with the pedestal Including:The elevating mechanism is connect with the middle section of the pedestal, wherein the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are located at The same side of the pedestal.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned aircraft further includes:Controller, the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism It is fitted to each other to realize crawl and/or release to the container, including:By the controller control the clamp structure and The elevating mechanism is fitted to each other to realize crawl and/or release to the container.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other to realize to the container Crawl include:During the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism capture the container, the position of the container is not Change, and/or by the elevating mechanism crawl container and after moving, then by described in clamp structure crawl Container.The clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other includes to the release of the container to realize:In the clamping During structure and the elevating mechanism discharge the container, the position of the container does not change, and/or by described After clamp structure discharges the container, the mobile container, then the container is discharged by the elevating mechanism.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned clamp structure includes at least two clamping limbs, at least two clamping limb In each clamping limb be connected at least one gripper jaw, the elevating mechanism includes grippers.In the feelings for capturing the container Under condition:At least one gripper jaw being connected with by each clamping limb is closely against at least one groove of the container or inserts In at least one hole for entering the container, the crawl to the container is realized, and/or realize by closing the grippers Crawl to the container.In the case where discharging the container:At least one folder being connected with by each clamping limb Pawl is held from leaving at least one groove of the container or being transferred to from least one hole of the container, is realized to the goods The release of case, and/or by opening release of the grippers realization to the container.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, each clamping limb in above-mentioned at least two clamping limb includes:The first component and Second component.The first component is connected to the pedestal, and the first component can be rotated relative to the pedestal, and described Two components are connected to the first component, and the second component can be rotated relative to the first component.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, each clamping limb in above-mentioned at least two clamping limb is connected at least one clamping Pawl, including:The second component of each clamping limb at least two clamping limb is connected at least one gripper jaw.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned elevating mechanism further includes hoist engine and hoist cable.The hoist engine with it is described Pedestal connects, and the hoist cable is connect with the hoist engine, and the hoist cable realizes winding and/or release by the hoist engine.Institute It includes grippers to state elevating mechanism, including:The grippers are connect with the hoist cable.

The disclosure additionally provides a kind of method for fixing container for aircraft, and the aircraft includes body and fixation Structure, the fixed structure include pedestal, clamp structure and elevating mechanism, the method includes:Pass through the clamp structure It is fitted to each other with the elevating mechanism to realize crawl and/or release to container, wherein the clamp structure and the pedestal Connection, the clamp structure is for being clamped container, and the elevating mechanism is connect with the pedestal, and the elevating mechanism is used for The container is driven to carry out elevating movement relative to the pedestal.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned clamp structure and the elevating mechanism, which are fitted to each other, grabs container with realizing It takes and/or discharges, including:The clamp structure is controlled by controller and the elevating mechanism is fitted to each other to realize to described The crawl and/or release of container.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other to realize to the container Crawl include:During the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism capture the container, the position of the container is not Change, and/or by the elevating mechanism crawl container and after moving, then by described in clamp structure crawl Container.The clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other includes to the release of the container to realize:In the clamping During structure and the elevating mechanism discharge the container, the position of the container does not change, and/or by described After clamp structure discharges the container, the mobile container, then the container is discharged by the elevating mechanism.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, above-mentioned in the case where capturing the container:It is connected with by each clamping limb At least one gripper jaw is closely against at least one groove of the container or is inserted at least one hole of the container, realization pair The crawl of the container, wherein the clamp structure includes at least two clamping limbs, each of described at least two clamping limb Clamping limb is connected at least one gripper jaw, and/or by closing crawl of the grippers realization to the container, wherein The elevating mechanism includes the grippers.In the case where discharging the container:It is connected with by each clamping limb At least one gripper jaw at least one groove of the container from leaving or being transferred to from least one hole of the container, in fact Now to the release of the container, and/or by opening release of the grippers realization to the container.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, being fitted to each other by the clamp structure of aircraft and elevating mechanism, can be at least It partly solves the problems, such as that the fixed form of aircraft fixation container is more single, and therefore realizes fixation of the aircraft to container Mode can meet different logistics operating modes, ensure the stable technique effect of container transport.

Description of the drawings

By referring to the drawings to the description of the embodiment of the present disclosure, the above-mentioned and other purposes of the disclosure, feature and Advantage will be apparent from, in the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 diagrammatically illustrates the application scenarios of the aircraft according to the embodiment of the present disclosure;

Fig. 2 diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the aircraft according to the embodiment of the present disclosure;

Fig. 3 diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the aircraft fixed structure according to the embodiment of the present disclosure;

Fig. 4 A~Fig. 4 B are diagrammatically illustrated passes through clamp structure and elevating mechanism according to the aircraft of the embodiment of the present disclosure The schematic diagram of cooperation crawl container;

Fig. 5 A~Fig. 5 B are diagrammatically illustrated passes through clamp structure and elevating mechanism according to the aircraft of the embodiment of the present disclosure The schematic diagram of cooperation release container;

Fig. 6 A~Fig. 6 B are diagrammatically illustrated transports container according to the aircraft of the embodiment of the present disclosure under the first operating mode Schematic diagram;And

Fig. 7 diagrammatically illustrates the schematic diagram for transporting container under the second operating mode according to the aircraft of the embodiment of the present disclosure.

Specific implementation mode

Hereinafter, will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings embodiment of the disclosure.However, it should be understood that these descriptions are only exemplary , and it is not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure.In addition, in the following description, descriptions of well-known structures and technologies are omitted, with Avoid unnecessarily obscuring the concept of the disclosure.

Term as used herein is not intended to limit the disclosure just for the sake of description specific embodiment.It uses herein The terms "include", "comprise" etc. show the presence of the feature, step, operation and/or component, but it is not excluded that in the presence of Or other one or more features of addition, step, operation or component.

There are all terms (including technical and scientific term) as used herein those skilled in the art to be generally understood Meaning, unless otherwise defined.It should be noted that term used herein should be interpreted that with consistent with the context of this specification Meaning, without should by idealization or it is excessively mechanical in a manner of explain.

It, in general should be according to this using " in A, B and C etc. at least one " such statement is similar to Field technology personnel are generally understood the meaning of the statement to make an explanation (for example, " with system at least one in A, B and C " Should include but not limited to individually with A, individually with B, individually with C, with A and B, with A and C, with B and C, and/or System etc. with A, B, C).Using " in A, B or C etc. at least one " such statement is similar to, it is general come Say be generally understood the meaning of the statement to make an explanation (for example, " having in A, B or C at least according to those skilled in the art One system " should include but not limited to individually with A, individually with B, individually with C, with A and B, with A and C, have B and C, and/or system etc. with A, B, C).It should also be understood by those skilled in the art that substantially arbitrarily indicating two or more The adversative conjunction and/or phrase of optional project shall be construed as either in specification, claims or attached drawing It gives including one of these projects, the possibility of these projects either one or two projects.For example, phrase " A or B " should It is understood to include the possibility of " A " or " B " or " A and B ".

Embodiment of the disclosure provides a kind of aircraft, including body and fixed structure, fixed structure include pedestal, Clamp structure and elevating mechanism.Pedestal is connected to body, and clamp structure is connect with pedestal, for container, elevating mechanism to be clamped It is connect with pedestal, for driving container to carry out elevating movement relative to pedestal, wherein clamp structure and elevating mechanism are fitted to each other To realize crawl and/or release to container.

Fig. 1 diagrammatically illustrates the application scenarios of the aircraft according to the embodiment of the present disclosure.

As shown in Figure 1, the application scenarios 100 for example may include aircraft 20 and container 400.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, aircraft 20 for example may include the fixed structure 300 of fixed container 400, aircraft 20 fix container 400 by fixed structure 300, realize the function of transport container 400.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, aircraft 20 can for example fix container 400 in several ways simultaneously, such as pass through The modes such as clamping or lifting fix container 400, and container 400 is fixed by a variety of fixed forms, realize aircraft 20 in difference Container 400 can be steadily fixed under traffic condition.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, the container of shape shape such as can be rectangle or square of container 400, Those containers such as can have groove, hole or suspension hook, the fixed structure 300 of aircraft 20 for example can by with container On the mutual cooperations such as groove, hole or suspension hook, realize that the fixed structure 300 of aircraft 20 and the fixed form of container are more steady It is fixed.

With reference to the application scenarios of Fig. 1, describe to be flown according to disclosure illustrative embodiments with reference to 2~Fig. 7 of figure Row device.It should be noted that above application scene is merely for convenience of understanding spirit and principles of the present invention and showing, the present invention Embodiment it is unrestricted in this regard.On the contrary, embodiments of the present invention can be applied to applicable any scene.

Fig. 2 diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the aircraft according to the embodiment of the present disclosure.

As shown in Fig. 2, a kind of aircraft 20 that the embodiment of the present disclosure proposes, which includes body 200 and fixes Structure 300.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, body 200, which for example can be aircraft, can realize various components possessed by flight Set, which for example may include the power plant of aircraft, control device etc..

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, fixed structure 300 can be the fixation that aircraft 20 has for realization transportation function The structure of container.The fixed structure 300 is for example positioned at the bottom of the body of aircraft 200.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, fixed structure 300 is for example connected to the bottom of the body 200 of aircraft, the fixed knot The connection type of structure 300 and body 200 is such as may be a fixed connection, can also be detachably connectable.Wherein, the company of separating It connects and indicates that fixed structure 300 can be disassembled from body 200, such dismountable connection type makes fixed structure 300 more Add and be flexibly connected on different aircraft, also may be implemented in can be by fixed knot in the case that aircraft need not transport container Structure 300 disassembles, and realizes that the flight of aircraft is light.

Fig. 3 diagrammatically illustrates the structural schematic diagram of the aircraft fixed structure according to the embodiment of the present disclosure.

As shown in figure 3, the fixed structure 300 of the embodiment of the present disclosure includes pedestal 310, clamp structure 320 and elevator Structure 330.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, pedestal 310 is connected to body 200.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, pedestal 310 for example can be the structure played a supporting role in fixed structure 300, base 310 support construction as fixed structure 300 of seat, other structures or component in fixed structure 300 for example may be coupled to this On pedestal 310.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, fixed structure 300 is connect with body 200, such as can be by pedestal 310 and body 200 connections, wherein pedestal 310 and the connection type of body 200 may be a fixed connection, and can also be separably attached.Its In, it is separably attached that for example can be pedestal 310 can disassemble from body 200.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, pedestal 310 includes marginal portion 311 and middle section 312.

For example, pedestal 310 can be circular platform or rectangular platform etc..In order to make it easy to understand, being circle with pedestal 310 For shape platform, marginal portion 311 can be the annular section of circular platform, and middle section 312 can be among circular platform Circular portion.

It is appreciated that the embodiment of the present disclosure does not limit the concrete shape of pedestal, those skilled in the art can be according to actually answering It is specifically set with situation.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, clamp structure 320 is connect with pedestal 310, for container to be clamped.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, clamp structure 320 for example can be the knot for being used for being clamped container in fixed structure 300 Structure.The clamp structure 320 can for example be connect with pedestal 310, which may be a fixed connection or rotationally connect It connects.Wherein, it for example can be clamp structure 320 and 310 integrated moldingization of pedestal to be fixedly connected, i.e., the clamp structure 320 cannot It is rotated relative to pedestal 310.It for example can be that clamp structure 320 is articulated with pedestal 310 to be rotatably coupled, which makes Obtaining clamp structure 320 can rotate relative to pedestal 310, realize that various sizes of container is being clamped in the clamp structure 320 with this When, pass through the size of the rotation adjustment clamp structure 320 of 320 opposite base 310 of clamp structure so that the ruler of clamp structure 320 The very little matching size with container closes, and realizes even closer with container contacts when container is clamped in clamp structure 320, guarantee transport container Stability in the process.Fixed structure for example is described so that clamp structure 320 and pedestal 310 are rotatably coupled as an example below 300 concrete structure.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, clamp structure 320 is connect with pedestal 310 including clamp structure 320 and pedestal 310 Marginal portion 311 connects.

As shown in figure 3, fixed structure 300 further includes elevating mechanism 330.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, fixed structure 300 includes elevating mechanism 330, which connects with pedestal 310 It connects, for driving container to carry out elevating movement relative to pedestal 310.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, elevating mechanism 330 is for example connected to the bottom intermediate region of pedestal 310, elevating mechanism 330 for example may be a fixed connection with the connection type of pedestal 310.Wherein, elevating mechanism 330 can relative to pedestal 310 into Row elevating movement drives container relative to base when elevating mechanism 330 connects container by the elevating movement of elevating mechanism 330 Seat 310 carries out elevating movement.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, elevating mechanism 330 is connect with pedestal 310 including elevating mechanism 330 and pedestal 310 Middle section 312 connects.

Wherein, clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 are located at the same side of pedestal 310.Specifically, such as positioned at pedestal Lower position.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 are fitted to each other to realize the crawl to container And/or release.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, aircraft is fitted to each other realization to container by clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 Crawl or release, such as under different conditions, aircraft captures by different modes or discharges container, wherein different Mode to include aircraft realize crawl or release using one or both of clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 structure Container.

Fig. 4 A~Fig. 4 B are diagrammatically illustrated passes through clamp structure and elevating mechanism according to the aircraft of the embodiment of the present disclosure The schematic diagram of cooperation crawl container.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 are fitted to each other to realize the crawl packet to container It includes:During clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 capture container, the position of container does not change, and/or passes through After elevating mechanism 330 captures container and moves, then pass through the crawl container of clamp structure 320.

As shown in Figure 4 A, in the first for capturing container, goods is captured in clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 During case 400, such as can be the process that clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 capture the container 400 for being placed in ground, Wherein, the position of container 400 is constant during crawl, such as can capture goods in clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 Container 400 after clamp structure 320 and crawl container 400 of elevating mechanism 330, then passes through without departing from ground during case 400 Clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 by 400 band of container from the ground.

As shown in Figure 4 B, under the second situation of crawl container, container 400 and movement are captured by elevating mechanism 330, Such as can be that elevating mechanism 300 captures and is placed in the container 400 on ground, and after container 400 is moved away ground, in container 400 after the certain distance of ground, then captures container 400 by clamp structure 320.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, aircraft is above-mentioned when capturing container by clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 Crawl container the first situation for example can be adapted for aircraft drop to ground crawl container the case where, capture container The second situation for example can be adapted for aircraft and not have to drop to ground, but by hovering in the air and capturing container.It can To understand, the embodiment of the present disclosure does not limit the concrete mode that aircraft captures container by clamp structure and elevating mechanism, ability The mode of aircraft crawl container can be specifically arranged in field technique personnel according to the practical situations of aircraft.

Fig. 5 A~Fig. 5 B are diagrammatically illustrated passes through clamp structure and elevating mechanism according to the aircraft of the embodiment of the present disclosure The schematic diagram of cooperation release container.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 are fitted to each other to realize releasing to container 400 Put including:During clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 discharge container 400, the position of container does not change, and/or After person discharges container 400 by clamp structure 320, mobile container 400, then container 400 is discharged by elevating mechanism 330.

As shown in Figure 5A, in the first for discharging container, goods is discharged in clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 During case 400, such as can be the process that container is released to ground by clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330, wherein The position of container 400 is constant during release, such as can be that clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 are parked in ground in container 400 After on face, while container is discharged, container 400 is for example always without departing from ground during release.

As shown in Figure 5 B, under the second situation of release container, such as in clamp structure 320 and the folder of elevating mechanism 330 When holding the disengaging ground of container 400, the process for discharging container for example can be that clamp structure 320 discharges container 400 in the air, at this time Elevating mechanism 330 keeps the state of clamping container 400, and elevating mechanism 330 continues to move to container 400, when container 400 is moved to ground When on face, elevating mechanism 330 discharges container 400 again.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, aircraft is above-mentioned when discharging container by clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 The first situation of release container for example can be adapted for the case where aircraft drops to ground release container, discharge the of container Two kinds of situations for example can be adapted for aircraft and not have to drop to ground, but can hover in the air and discharge container.It can be with Understand, the embodiment of the present disclosure does not limit the concrete mode that aircraft discharges container by clamp structure and elevating mechanism, this field The mode of aircraft release container can be specifically arranged in technical staff according to the practical situations of aircraft.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, clamp structure includes at least two clamping limbs 321, each of at least two clamping limbs Clamping limb is connected at least one gripper jaw 322.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, clamp structure 320 for example may include multiple clamping limbs 321, can be according to aircraft Practical situations the number of clamping limb 321 is specifically set.As shown in figure 3, being retouched by taking two clamping limbs 321 as an example It states.Two clamping limbs 321 are for example connected on pedestal 310, and specifically, which is for example connected to pedestal 310 Edge on.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, each clamping limb 321 is for example connected at least one gripper jaw 322, and Fig. 3 is exemplary to be shown Having gone out the connection of each clamping limb 321, there are two gripper jaws 322.The gripper jaw that each clamping limb 321 connects in the embodiment of the present disclosure 322 number can be configured according to the practical situations of aircraft.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, each clamping limb 321 at least two clamping limbs include first component 321a and Second component 321b.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, first component 321a is connected to pedestal 310, and first component 321a can be relative to base Seat 310 rotates.

As shown in figure 3, first component 321a is connected to pedestal 310, clamping limb 321 for example by first component 321a with Pedestal 310 realizes connection.First component 321a can be rotated relative to pedestal 310, realize clamp structure 320 and pedestal 310 Be rotatably coupled.To enable first component 321a to be rotated relative to pedestal 310, first component 321a for example can be with It is articulated with pedestal 310.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, second component 321b is connected to first component 321a, and second component 321b being capable of phase First component 321a is rotated.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, second component 321b is connected to first component 321a, such as second component 321b hinges It is connected to first component 321a, realizes that second component 321b can be rotated relative to first component 321a.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, the first component 321a in clamping limb 321 can be rotated relative to pedestal 310, and second Component 321b can be rotated relative to first component 321a, and clamp structure 320 is realized when various sizes of container is clamped with this, The size of adjustment clamp structure 320 is realized by the rotation of at least two clamping limbs, 321 opposite base 310 so that at least two The size of clamping limb 321 and the matching size of container close, when realizing at least two clamping limbs 321 clamping container more with container contacts Step up close, the stability during guarantee transport container.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, each clamping limb 321 at least two clamping limbs is connected at least one gripper jaw 322, including:The second component 321b of each clamping limb 321 at least two clamping limbs is connected at least one gripper jaw 322。

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, the second component 321b of each clamping limb 321 is connected at least one gripper jaw 322, Such as can be that one end of second component 321b is connected with gripper jaw 322.The connection side of the gripper jaw 322 and second component 321b Formula can be rotatably coupled, i.e., gripper jaw 322 can be rotated relative to second component 321b.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, it is for example provided with sensor in the junction of gripper jaw 322 and second component 321b, when Clamp structure 320 during container is clamped, aircraft such as can by hydraulic pressure, it is electronic form drive gripper jaw 322, when After gripper jaw 322 is driven to the suitable position with container contacts, activating sensor.

As shown in figure 3, by taking gripper jaw 322 there are two the connections of each clamping limb 321 as an example, such as two gripper jaws 322 wrap Include gripper jaw 322a and lower gripper jaw 322b.Gripper jaw 322a and lower gripper jaw 322b can for example link on this, that is, pass through Under the driving of hydraulic pressure, electronic etc., the open and close movement of gripper jaw 322a and lower gripper jaw 322b, upper gripper jaw is realized with this in control Container is clamped in 322a and lower gripper jaw 322b.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, elevating mechanism 330 includes grippers 333.

As shown in figure 3, grippers 333 are for example fixed on the bottom of elevating mechanism 330.Grippers 333 can be opened and closed Movement realizes crawl container or release container by the open and close movement of grippers 333.Specifically, grippers 333 for example can be with For suspension hook, which realizes crawl or release container by open and close movement.

As illustrated in figs. 3 and 4, in the case where capturing container:It is connected with by each clamping limb 321 at least one Gripper jaw 322 is closely against at least one groove of container 400 or is inserted at least one hole of container 400, realizes to container 400 Crawl, and/or realize crawl to container by closing grippers 333.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, the surface of container 400 is for example including at least one groove 410 or at least one hole 410, The number at least one groove 410 or at least one hole 410 is for example identical as the number of gripper jaw 322.This is at least one recessed Slot 410 or at least one hole 410 are set to the top surface or side of container 400.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, when such as gripper jaw 322 includes upper gripper jaw 322a and lower gripper jaw 322b, at least one A groove 410 is for example including being arranged the groove 421b in 400 side groove 410a and setting container of 400 top surface of container, folder The groove that pawl 322 is closely against container 400 is held, including upper gripper jaw 322a is closely against groove 410a, lower gripper jaw 322b is closely against Groove 410b.When upper gripper jaw 322a and lower gripper jaw 322b are closely against groove 410a and groove 410b respectively, tight against contact The friction that can generate of position, while upper gripper jaw 322a and lower gripper jaw 322b respectively with groove 410a and groove 410b cards It hooks, realizes 322 firm grip picking case 400 of gripper jaw.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, can also exist in the top surface of container 400 or side providing holes 410, such as including setting The hole 410a of 400 top surface of container and hole 421b in 400 side of container is set, gripper jaw 322 is inserted into the hole of container 400 410, including upper gripper jaw 322a insertions hole 410a, lower gripper jaw 322b insertions hole 410b.Pass through upper gripper jaw 322a and lower folder Hole 410a and hole 410b that pawl 322b is inserted into container 400 respectively are held, realizes that gripper jaw 322 captures container 400.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, by closing crawl of the realization of grippers 333 to container, detailed process is:Container 400 Top be for example provided with lifting lug 420, grippers 333 for example can be suspension hook, such as pass through to close suspension hook and fix container 400 and push up The lifting lug 420 in portion realizes that grippers 333 capture container 400.

As schemed as shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 5 A, in the case where discharging container:It is connected at least by each clamping limb 321 One gripper jaw 322 is realized from leaving at least one groove of container 400 or being transferred to from least one hole of container 400 Release to container 400, and/or by opening release of the realization of grippers 333 to container 400.

With above-mentioned crawl container process on the contrary, in the case where discharging container, when the surface of container 400 is for example including at least When one groove 410, gripper jaw 322 leaves the groove of container 400, including upper gripper jaw 322a leaves groove 410a, lower clamping Pawl 322b leaves groove 410b.By upper gripper jaw 322a and lower gripper jaw 322b respectively away from groove 410a and groove 410b When, alternatively, when the surface of container 400 for example including at least one hole 410 when, pass through upper gripper jaw 322a and lower gripper jaw 322b When respectively away from hole 410a and hole 410b, realize that gripper jaw 322 discharges container 400.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, by opening crawl of the realization of grippers 333 to container, detailed process is:Work as crawl When the lifting lug 420 at the top of container 400 is clamped in part 333, grippers 333 can be for example suspension hook, such as by opening suspension hook, make It obtains suspension hook and leaves lifting lug 420, realize that grippers 333 discharge container 400.

As shown in figure 3, elevating mechanism 330 further includes:Hoist engine 331 and hoist cable 332.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, hoist engine 331 are connect with pedestal 310.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, hoist engine 331 for example may include rotatable component, by the rotation of the component into Row winding or released movement.The hoist engine 331 is connect with pedestal 310, can be the bottom that hoist engine 331 is fixed on pedestal 310.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, hoist cable 332 is connect with hoist engine 331, and hoist cable 332 is realized by hoist engine 331 and wound And/or release.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, hoist cable 332 can for example have certain length, hoist cable 332 to be realized by hoist engine 331 Winding and/or release, such as the winding of hoist engine 331 and/or release hoist cable 332 are crossed during lifting container, and then change hoist cable 332 lifting length, to realize the lifting of container.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, elevating mechanism 330 includes grippers 333, including:Grippers 333 connect with hoist cable 332 It connects.

In the embodiments of the present disclosure, hoist cable 332 can for example have certain length, hoist cable 332 to be realized by hoist engine 331 Winding and/or release, such as the winding of hoist engine 331 and/or release hoist cable 332 are crossed during lifting container, and then change hoist cable 332 lifting length, to realize the lifting of container.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, aircraft further includes:Controller.The controller can for example be located at the body of aircraft In 200, or in the fixed structure 300 of aircraft, the embodiment of the present disclosure does not limit the specific location of controller, this field The position of controller can be specifically arranged in technical staff according to practical situations.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, clamp structure and elevating mechanism are fitted to each other to realize the crawl to container and/or release It puts, including:Clamp structure is controlled by controller and elevating mechanism is fitted to each other to realize the crawl and/or release to container.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, aircraft is fitted to each other realization to container by clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 Crawl or release, such as under different conditions, aircraft realizes that different modes captures or discharge container by controller, Wherein, different modes includes that aircraft controls one or both of clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 by controller Structure realizes crawl or release container.

Specifically, aircraft includes clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330, and clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 are matched It closes and includes at least two states.When the first state is loading, after elevating mechanism 330 grabs container, then it is clamped Container is clamped in structure 320, when second of state is unloading, after aircraft comes to a complete stop, and elevating mechanism 330 and clamp structure 320 Release (but also with may be that elevating mechanism 330 has dropped after aircraft comes to a complete stop a bit of discharge again) together, is in addition flight Under floating state, clamp structure 320 first discharges device, and then container is delivered to ground and discharged again by elevating mechanism 330.

Fig. 6 A~Fig. 6 B are diagrammatically illustrated transports container according to the aircraft of the embodiment of the present disclosure under the first operating mode Schematic diagram.

As shown in Figure 6A, the detailed process that aircraft transports container under the first operating mode is, for example, that aircraft passes through clamping Container 400 is fixed on 200 lower part of body of aircraft by structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330, passes through two clamping limbs and crawl Three positions of container 400 are clamped in part (such as suspension hook).As shown in Figure 6B, after aircraft, which can land, to come to a complete stop, folder Hold pawl release, grippers (such as suspension hook) release, hoist cable winding, the release completion of container 400.

Fig. 7 diagrammatically illustrates the schematic diagram for transporting container under the second operating mode according to the aircraft of the embodiment of the present disclosure.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, as shown in fig. 7, aircraft transports the detailed process of container for example under the second operating mode For when the environment of aircraft landing is poor, when being unfavorable for the landing operation of aircraft, aircraft hang or move by a small margin Make.Gripper jaw release on two clamping limbs in clamp structure 320, the grippers (such as suspension hook) of elevating mechanism 330 are kept Clamp position, hoist cable continue to discharge, and after being discharged into suitable length, container 400 are removed from grippers (such as suspension hook), so Hoist cable is wound afterwards.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the fixed structure of aircraft includes clamp structure and elevating mechanism, is tied by being clamped A variety of fixed forms that container and elevating mechanism drive the lifting two ways of container to realize aircraft to container are clamped in structure, meet Different logistics operating modes protects the stability of aircraft transport container.

The disclosure additionally provides a kind of method for fixing container for aircraft.

As shown in Fig. 1~Fig. 7, aircraft 20 includes body 200 and fixed structure 300, and fixed structure 300 includes pedestal 310, clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330.

According to the embodiment of the present disclosure, the method for fixing container for aircraft includes:Pass through clamp structure 320 and elevator Structure 330 is fitted to each other to realize crawl and/or release to container 400, wherein clamp structure 320 is connect with pedestal 310, folder Structure 320 is held for container 400 to be clamped, elevating mechanism 330 is connect with pedestal 310, and elevating mechanism 330 is for driving container 400 Elevating movement is carried out relative to pedestal 310.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 are fitted to each other to realize to container 400 Crawl includes:During clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 capture container 400, the position of container 400 does not change, or Person is by the crawl container 400 of elevating mechanism 330 and after moving, then passes through clamp structure 320 and capture container 400.Clamp structure 320 It is fitted to each other with elevating mechanism 330 and includes to the release of container 400 to realize:It is discharged in clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 During container 400, the position of container 400 does not change, and/or by clamp structure 320 discharge container 400 after, move Dynamic container 400, then container 400 is discharged by elevating mechanism 330.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, in the case where capturing container 400:By each clamping limb 321 be connected with to A few gripper jaw 322 is closely against at least one groove 410 of container 400 or is inserted at least one hole 410 of container 400, Realize crawl to container 400, wherein clamp structure 320 includes at least two clamping limbs 321, at least two clamping limbs 321 Each clamping limb 321 be connected at least one gripper jaw 322, and/or realized to container by closing grippers 333 400 crawl, wherein elevating mechanism 330 includes grippers 333.In the case where discharging container 400:Pass through each clamping limb The 321 at least one gripper jaws 322 being connected with left from least one groove 410 of container 400 or from container 400 at least It is transferred in one hole 410, realizes the release to container 400, and/or realize to container 400 by opening grippers 333 Release.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, clamp structure 320 and elevating mechanism 330 are fitted to each other to realize to container 400 Crawl and/or release, including:Clamp structure 320 is controlled by controller and elevating mechanism 330 is fitted to each other to realize to container 400 crawl and/or release.

In accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, the fixed structure of aircraft includes clamp structure and elevating mechanism, is tied by being clamped A variety of fixed forms that container and elevating mechanism drive the lifting two ways of container to realize aircraft to container are clamped in structure, meet Different logistics operating modes protects the stability of aircraft transport container.

Embodiment of the disclosure is described above.But the purpose that these embodiments are merely to illustrate that, and It is not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure.Although respectively describing each embodiment above, but it is not intended that each reality Use cannot be advantageously combined by applying the measure in example.The scope of the present disclosure is defined by the appended claims and the equivalents thereof.It does not take off From the scope of the present disclosure, those skilled in the art can make a variety of alternatives and modifications, these alternatives and modifications should all be fallen at this Within scope of disclosure.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of aircraft, including body and fixed structure, the fixed structure include:
Pedestal is connected to the body;
Clamp structure is connect with the pedestal, for container to be clamped;And
Elevating mechanism is connect with the pedestal, for driving the container to carry out elevating movement relative to the pedestal,
Wherein, the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other to realize crawl and/or release to the container.
2. aircraft according to claim 1, wherein:
The pedestal includes:Marginal portion and middle section;
The clamp structure connect with the pedestal including:The clamp structure is connect with the marginal portion of the pedestal;
The elevating mechanism connect with the pedestal including:The elevating mechanism is connect with the middle section of the pedestal;
Wherein, the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are located at the same side of the pedestal.
3. aircraft according to claim 1, wherein:
The aircraft further includes:Controller;
The clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other to realize crawl and/or release to the container, including:
The clamp structure is controlled by the controller and the elevating mechanism is fitted to each other and is grabbed to the container with realizing It takes and/or discharges.
4. aircraft according to claim 1, wherein:
The clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other includes to the crawl of the container to realize:
During the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism capture the container, the position of the container does not change;And And/or person
By the elevating mechanism crawl container and after moving, then passes through the clamp structure and capture the container;
The clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other includes to the release of the container to realize:
During the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism discharge the container, the position of the container does not change;And And/or person
After the container being discharged by the clamp structure, the mobile container, then the goods is discharged by the elevating mechanism Case.
5. aircraft according to claim 1, wherein:
The clamp structure includes at least two clamping limbs, and each clamping limb at least two clamping limb is connected at least One gripper jaw;
The elevating mechanism includes grippers;
In the case where capturing the container:
At least one gripper jaw being connected with by each clamping limb is closely against at least one groove of the container or inserts In at least one hole for entering the container, the crawl to the container is realized;And/or
By closing crawl of the grippers realization to the container;
In the case where discharging the container:
At least one gripper jaw being connected with by each clamping limb left from least one groove of the container or It is transferred to from least one hole of the container, realizes the release to the container;And/or
By opening release of the grippers realization to the container.
6. aircraft according to claim 5, wherein each clamping limb at least two clamping limb includes:
The first component, the first component are connected to the pedestal, and the first component can be rotated relative to the pedestal;
Second component, the second component are connected to the first component, and the second component can be relative to described first Part rotates.
7. aircraft according to claim 5, wherein each clamping limb at least two clamping limb be connected with to A few gripper jaw, including:
The second component of each clamping limb at least two clamping limb is connected at least one gripper jaw.
8. aircraft according to claim 5, wherein:
The elevating mechanism further includes:
Hoist engine is connect with the pedestal;
Hoist cable is connect with the hoist engine, and the hoist cable realizes winding and/or release by the hoist engine;
The elevating mechanism includes grippers, including:The grippers are connect with the hoist cable.
9. a kind of method for fixing container for aircraft, the aircraft includes body and fixed structure, the fixed knot Structure includes pedestal, clamp structure and elevating mechanism, the method includes:
It is fitted to each other by the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism to realize the crawl and/or release to container, wherein institute It states clamp structure to connect with the pedestal, the clamp structure is for being clamped container, the elevating mechanism and the pedestal Connection, the elevating mechanism is for driving the container to carry out elevating movement relative to the pedestal.
10. according to the method described in claim 9, wherein, the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other to realize Crawl and/or release to container, including:
Control the clamp structure by controller and the elevating mechanism be fitted to each other with realize the crawl to the container and/ Or release.
11. according to the method described in claim 9, wherein:
The clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other includes to the crawl of the container to realize:
During the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism capture the container, the position of the container does not change;And And/or person
By the elevating mechanism crawl container and after moving, then passes through the clamp structure and capture the container;
The clamp structure and the elevating mechanism are fitted to each other includes to the release of the container to realize:
During the clamp structure and the elevating mechanism discharge the container, the position of the container does not change;And And/or person
After the container being discharged by the clamp structure, the mobile container, then the goods is discharged by the elevating mechanism Case.
12. according to the method described in claim 9, wherein:
In the case where capturing the container:
It is closely against at least one groove of the container by least one gripper jaw that each clamping limb is connected with or is inserted into institute In at least one hole for stating container, the crawl to the container is realized, wherein the clamp structure includes at least two clampings Arm, each clamping limb at least two clamping limb are connected at least one gripper jaw;And/or
By closing crawl of the grippers realization to the container, wherein the elevating mechanism includes the grippers;
In the case where discharging the container:
At least one gripper jaw being connected with by each clamping limb left from least one groove of the container or It is transferred to from least one hole of the container, realizes the release to the container;And/or
By opening release of the grippers realization to the container.
CN201810413509.7A 2018-05-02 2018-05-02 Aircraft and the method for fixing container for aircraft CN108557052A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4152019A (en) * 1977-09-06 1979-05-01 Challe Gilles A Material handling system
CN105799935A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-07-27 南京航空航天大学 Flight carrier system of unmanned aerial vehicle
CN105923160A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-09-07 安庆米锐智能科技有限公司 Clamping device for logistics unmanned aerial vehicle
CN206374987U (en) * 2016-07-29 2017-08-04 陈培珍 A kind of unmanned plane express system
CN107628248A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-01-26 上海电力学院 A kind of multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle robot arm device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4152019A (en) * 1977-09-06 1979-05-01 Challe Gilles A Material handling system
CN105799935A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-07-27 南京航空航天大学 Flight carrier system of unmanned aerial vehicle
CN105923160A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-09-07 安庆米锐智能科技有限公司 Clamping device for logistics unmanned aerial vehicle
CN206374987U (en) * 2016-07-29 2017-08-04 陈培珍 A kind of unmanned plane express system
CN107628248A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-01-26 上海电力学院 A kind of multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle robot arm device

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