CN108556858A - A kind of windscreen structure and a kind of rail vehicle - Google Patents

A kind of windscreen structure and a kind of rail vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108556858A
CN108556858A CN201810505279.7A CN201810505279A CN108556858A CN 108556858 A CN108556858 A CN 108556858A CN 201810505279 A CN201810505279 A CN 201810505279A CN 108556858 A CN108556858 A CN 108556858A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
windscreen
fixed
fixed seat
edge
rubber bag
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810505279.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曲高利
王敏
赵春道
张勇军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bombardier Sifang Qingdao Transportation Ltd
Original Assignee
Bombardier Sifang Qingdao Transportation Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Bombardier Sifang Qingdao Transportation Ltd filed Critical Bombardier Sifang Qingdao Transportation Ltd
Priority to CN201810505279.7A priority Critical patent/CN108556858A/en
Publication of CN108556858A publication Critical patent/CN108556858A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D17/00Construction details of vehicle bodies
    • B61D17/02Construction details of vehicle bodies reducing air resistance by modifying contour ; Constructional features for fast vehicles sustaining sudden variations of atmospheric pressure, e.g. when crossing in tunnels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D17/00Construction details of vehicle bodies
    • B61D17/04Construction details of vehicle bodies with bodies of metal; with composite, e.g. metal and wood body structures
    • B61D17/20Communication passages between coaches; Adaptation of coach ends therefor
    • B61D17/22Communication passages between coaches; Adaptation of coach ends therefor flexible, e.g. bellows
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T30/00Transportation of goods or passengers via railways, e.g. energy recovery or reducing air resistance

Abstract

Present invention firstly provides a kind of windscreen structures, including rubber bag tank and installation frame, the rubber bag tank includes integrally formed inner side edge, outer side edges and the ontology for being formed with inner chamber body, the installation frame include with fixed first fixed seat of the outer side edges and with fixed second fixed seat of the inner side edge.A kind of rail vehicle of windscreen structure as previously described is installed invention further provides a kind of.A kind of windscreen structure provided by the invention and a kind of rail vehicle, windscreen structure is fixed using double screw, and after installation, the non-deformability of windscreen when well can effectively reduce vehicle running resistance and improve vehicle operation is matched with installation frame outer surface.

Description

A kind of windscreen structure and a kind of rail vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rail vehicle technical field, especially a kind of windscreen knot applied in rail vehicle end Structure.
Background technology
Windscreen is the standard configuration of motor-car, is arranged in the outside of end wall of car body, can be effectively improved the aerodynamics of train Performance reduces the windage in vehicle operation, reduces the gap between adjacent two vehicle end, reduces security risk.It is conventional at present Contactless windscreen use one-piece construction, windscreen structure is fixed on the fixed frame on headwall or outside headwall with single bolt On frame.When vehicle high-speed is run, end is formed larger draught head with inside, held by high speed airflow influence, windscreen capsule outside It easily causes windscreen capsule to flip to the outside, be broken, reduces the service life of windscreen, heavy workload is replaced in repair, and it is unnecessary to cause Ground wastes.
Invention content
Present invention is primarily aimed at solving the above problems to each provide with deficiency a kind of simple in structure, carry out double solid Fixed windscreen structure and a kind of rail vehicle for being equipped with the windscreen structure.
To achieve the above object, present invention firstly provides the technical solution of windscreen structure a kind of be:
A kind of windscreen structure, including rubber bag tank and installation frame, the rubber bag tank include integrally formed inner side edge, outside Side and the ontology for being formed with inner chamber body, the installation frame include with fixed first fixed seat of the outer side edges and with it is described interior Fixed second fixed seat in side.
Further, after the rubber bag tank is fixed on the installation frame, the outer side edges are wrapped in the inner chamber body Inside.
Further, first fixed seat is parallel with end wall of car body outer surface, second fixed seat and the headwall Vertically.
Further, the ontology include connection in a certain angle first while and when second, first side is towards vehicle External side, and lateral surface is plane.
Further, on the outside of the lateral surface Yu car body on first side in the same plane.Further, the rubber bag tank Using high rigidity ethylene propylene diene rubber.
Further, such as a kind of windscreen structure of claim 1 to 6 any one of them, it is characterised in that:Described first is solid Reservation and/or second fixed seat have c-type sliding slot, the outer side edges and/or inner side edge by T-bolt respectively with it is described Fixed at the c-type sliding slot of first fixed seat and the second fixed seat or first fixed seat and/or the second fixed seat on set It is equipped with mounting hole, the rubber bag tank is fixed by bolt and first fixed seat and the second fixed seat at the mounting hole.
Further, the outer side edges, inner side edge outside be equipped with pressing plate, the nut of the T-bolt or the spiral shell The nut of bolt is pressed on the pressing plate.
Further, the edge of the inner side edge is equipped with screens, and the one end for being located at the pressing plate at the inner side edge is inserted Enter into the screens.
Invention further provides a kind of rail vehicles, adopt the following technical scheme that:
A kind of rail vehicle, including car body are equipped with a kind of windscreen knot as previously described on the outside of the end wall of car body Structure.
In conclusion a kind of windscreen structure provided by the invention and a kind of rail vehicle have such as compared with prior art Lower technical advantage:
1. rubber bag tank uses high rigidity ethylene propylene diene rubber, deflection can be effectively reduced;
2. the inside and outside side of rubber bag tank is fixed with fixed frame respectively, bilateral stationary plane can effectively enhance the resistance of windscreen Shape ability reduces windscreen wind caused by swing and makes an uproar;
3. rationally utilizing the elasticity of rubber, outer side edges are fixed by inverting inner side edge, ensure the same of installation appearance When, rubber bag tank sectional dimension is reduced, rubber bag tank weight is reduced;
4. rationally utilizing steel construction proximate matter, c-type sliding slot is integrated on steel construction proximate matter, avoids adding on steel construction headwall Work is welded and fixed interface.
Description of the drawings:
Fig. 1:A kind of scheme of installation of windscreen structure of the present invention on the car body;
Fig. 2:A kind of windscreen structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Wherein:Headwall 1, installation frame 2, rubber bag tank 3, outer side edges 4, ontology 5, inner side edge 6, the first side 7, the second side 8, peace Tankage 9, T-bolt 10, the first pressing plate 11, screens 12, the first fixed seat 13, the second fixed seat 14, inner chamber body 15, the second pressing plate 16。
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is described in further detail with specific implementation mode below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Present invention firstly provides a kind of windscreen structure, including rubber bag tank 3 and installation frame 2, rubber bag tank 3 include one at Inner side edge 4, outer side edges 6 and the ontology 5 of type, installation frame 2 include and 4 fixed first fixed seat 13 of outer side edges and and inner side edge 6 fixed second fixed seats 14.
As shown in Figure 1, windscreen structure is mounted at 1 outer profile of headwall of car body, windscreen structure global shape and headwall 1 Outer profile is consistent, and the end for often saving compartment is respectively installed there are one windscreen structure, and the ends in two section compartments form contactless windscreen, Compared with prior art, contactless windscreen structural stability provided by the invention is good, can effectively reduce the air of vehicle operation Resistance protects the equipment at vehicle end.Windscreen structure includes windscreen and installation frame 2, is used with windscreen in existing conventional techniques Material is different, and in the present invention, high rigidity ternary especially may be used using the rubber bag tank 3 of generally rubber material in windscreen EP rubbers makes windscreen have certain elasticity using the elasticity, ductility, deformation resistance of rubber itself, and utilizes itself Hardness is reduced in vehicle operation to being injured caused by windscreen possibility.As shown in Fig. 2, rubber bag tank 3 includes integrally formed outer Side 4, ontology 5 and inner side edge 6, ontology 5 include being connected with each other first at 7 and second 8, and the first side 7 connects with outer side edges 4 Connect, the second side 8 is connect with inner side edge 6, first at 7 and second 8 between junction shape have a certain degree, in the present invention In, first at 7 and second 8 between form 30 ° -- 60 ° of angle is recommended as 45 ° of angle, makes first at 7 and second 8 Medial surface between form an inner chamber body 15, inner chamber body 15 can enhance the elasticity, intensity, impact resistance of entire windscreen.The On one side 7 and the outer end face of angle that is formed of 8 junction of the second side do rounding processing, make the partly round transition of angle, drop low wind noise.
2 one end of installation frame can be integrally formed with headwall 1 or is connected and fixed using the prior art with the outline border of headwall 1, Any one method that the mode of being fixedly connected can be used the prior art or be likely to occur in the future, does not constrain and limits herein, pacifies Frame up frame 2 lateral surface (on the outside of car body, can be passenger in the side that platform is seen) it is concordant with car body lateral surface, in same plane On, it is Specifically in the elongated surfaces of car body lateral surface.The other end of installation frame 2 is fixed with rubber bag tank 3, to make rubber bag tank 3 are fixed on the headwall 1 of car body.In the present invention, rubber bag tank 3 carries out dual fixation with installation frame 2, and installation frame 2 is tool Have the profile structure of center cavity, including be used for 4 fixed first fixed seat 13 of outer side edges and for inner side edge 6 fixed the Two fixed seats 14, the first fixed seat 13 and the second fixed seat 14 are integrally formed with installation frame 2, in the present invention, such as Fig. 1 institutes Show, the first fixed seat 13 and 14 place plane of the second fixed seat are mutually perpendicular to, wherein the lateral surface of the first fixed seat 13 and headwall 1 Parallel, the second fixed seat 14 is vertical with the lateral surface of headwall 1, in practical applications, can according to the concrete shape feature of headwall 1 and The concrete shape feature of installation frame 2 determines the angled relationships between 14 place plane of the first fixed seat 13 and the second fixed seat. In the present invention, two fixed seats, which can be the C-shaped channel being arranged on installation frame 2 or fixed seat itself, has C-shaped channel, at this In invention, C-shaped channel can be straight slot, isometric with installation frame 2, in practical applications, can according to the structure feature of installation frame 2, Installation position and the length of C-shaped channel are determined with the fixed relationship of end wall of car body 1, rubber bag tank 3 can effectively be fixed.Outside Side 4 and inner side edge 6 are fixed with the first fixed seat 13 and the second fixed seat 14 respectively by T-bolt.Or two fixed seat be straight It is connected on the mounting hole processed on installation frame 2, likewise, mounting hole can be according to the structure feature and end wall of car body of installation frame 2 1 fixed relationship determines the distance between the installation position of mounting hole and adjacent two mounting hole, and windscreen is made to be used with installation frame 2 Bolt carries out effectively fixed;Or two fixed seat structure of mounting hole and/or C-shaped channel structure is respectively adopted, such as windscreen side with installation Frame 2 is fixed by C-shaped channel and T-bolt, and the other side is fixed by mounting hole and bolt, in practical applications, can be according to need Determine that the first fixed seat 13 and the second fixed seat 14 use C-shaped channel structure and/or structure of mounting hole.It inserts on the head of T-bolt Enter into C-shaped channel, and can be slided in slot, the screw portion of T-bolt passes through the through hole of the corresponding position of rubber bag tank 3 to stretch Go out, attaching nut makes installation frame 2 be fixed with rubber bag tank 3, and nut is pressed in the outside of rubber bag tank 3.In outer side 4 and inside The bearing on side 6 and installation frame 2 is equipped with pressing plate between nut and rubber bag tank 3, enhance the fixed effect of rubber bag tank 3.Accordingly , when using structure of mounting hole, the head of bolt is pressed on pressing plate.In the present invention, as shown in Fig. 2, outer side 4 with The bearing of first fixed seat 13 is provided with the first pressing plate 11, in the bearing of inner side edge 6 and the second fixed seat 14, is provided with Two pressing plates 16, the edge of 16 inner side edge 6 of the second pressing plate, be equipped with 6 integrally formed screens 12 of inner side edge, screens 12 be it is U-shaped Slot, the direction direction of installation frame 2 (in such as Fig. 2 deviate from) being open towards ontology 5, one of the second pressing plate 16 at inner side edge 6 End is inserted into screens 12, is played the role of positioning and limit to the second pressing plate 16, is easily installed.
When installation, rubber bag tank 3 is aligned along 2 bottom edge of installation frame and outer surface, starts the inner side edge 6 of rubber bag tank 3, with the Outer side edges 4 are carried out multiple spot with the first fixed seat 13 and fixed by one pressing plate 11, T-bolt, install permanent order successively from bottom to up, After outer side edges 4 fix, then inner side edge put down, the lateral surface of the lateral surface on the first side 7 and installation frame 2 is adjusted flat Together, inner side edge 6 is fixed with the second pressing plate 16, T-bolt, installation permanent order from top to bottom, makes full use of the bullet of rubber successively Property, realize mechanical erection effect.After installation, outer side edges 4 and the first fixed seat 13 are covered by ontology 5, inner side edge 6 to be hidden, i.e., and the One fixed seat 13 and outer side edges 4 are wrapped in the inner chamber body of ontology formation in the inside (towards the direction of car body center line) of ontology 5 In 15.There are two mounting surfaces for windscreen tool, i.e., reasonably utilize the elasticity of rubber windshield, and can guarantee installation appearance.T-type spiral shell Bolt can arbitrarily slide in the fixed seat of C-shaped channel shape, make on windscreen that mounting hole position is unrestricted, make easy for installation, installation It is good with property.
In the present invention, rubber bag tank 3 is the rubber profile for being cavity type structure or cystic structures, and entire length can basis Aerodynamics result of calculation defines the length of needs, the size of capsule (cavity) shape part, is not limited by car body contour shape, Shape as shown in Fig. 2 is matched by the 2 outer profile area of installation frame of the elasticity of itself, buckling performance and body profile, double The non-deformability that can effectively enhance windscreen is fixed in side, reduces windscreen wind caused by swing and makes an uproar.
Invention further provides a kind of rail vehicles, including car body, are installed just like above in the outside of end wall of car body A kind of windscreen structure, windscreen structure is as it was noted above, this will not be repeated here.
In conclusion a kind of windscreen structure provided by the invention and a kind of rail vehicle have such as compared with prior art Lower technical advantage:
1. rubber bag tank uses high rigidity ethylene propylene diene rubber, deflection can be effectively reduced;
2. the inside and outside side of rubber bag tank is fixed with fixed frame respectively, bilateral stationary plane can effectively enhance the resistance of windscreen Shape ability reduces windscreen wind caused by swing and makes an uproar;
3. rationally utilizing the elasticity of rubber, outer side edges are fixed by inverting inner side edge, ensure the same of installation appearance When, rubber bag tank sectional dimension is reduced, rubber bag tank weight is reduced;
4. rationally utilizing steel construction proximate matter, c-type sliding slot is integrated on steel construction proximate matter, avoids adding on steel construction headwall Work is welded and fixed interface.
As described above, in conjunction with given plan content, similar technical solution can be derived.In every case it is without departing from this The content of inventive technique scheme, according to the technical essence of the invention to any simple modification, equivalent change made by above example Change and modification, in the range of still falling within technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of windscreen structure, including rubber bag tank and installation frame, it is characterised in that:The rubber bag tank includes in integrally formed Side, outer side edges and the ontology for being formed with inner chamber body, the installation frame include and fixed first fixed seat of the outer side edges With with fixed second fixed seat of the inner side edge.
2. a kind of windscreen structure as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rubber bag tank is fixed on the installation frame Afterwards, the outer side edges are wrapped on the inside of the inner chamber body.
3. a kind of windscreen structure as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:First fixed seat and end wall of car body outer surface Parallel, second fixed seat is vertical with the headwall.
4. a kind of windscreen structure as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ontology includes the of connection in a certain angle On one side with the second side, first side is towards car body outside, and lateral surface is plane.
5. a kind of windscreen structure as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The lateral surface on first side exists with car body outside On same plane.
6. a kind of windscreen structure as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rubber bag tank uses high rigidity ethylene-propylene-diene monomer Glue.
7. such as a kind of windscreen structure of claim 1 to 6 any one of them, it is characterised in that:First fixed seat and/or institute State the second fixed seat with c-type sliding slot, the outer side edges and/or inner side edge by T-bolt respectively with first fixed seat With fixed at the c-type sliding slot of the second fixed seat or first fixed seat and/or the second fixed seat on be provided with installation Hole, the rubber bag tank are fixed by bolt and first fixed seat and the second fixed seat at the mounting hole.
8. a kind of windscreen structure as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that:The outer side edges, inner side edge outside be equipped with The nut of pressing plate, the nut of the T-bolt or the bolt is pressed on the pressing plate.
9. a kind of windscreen structure as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that:The edge of the inner side edge is equipped with screens, position The one end of pressing plate at the inner side edge is inserted into the screens.
10. a kind of rail vehicle, including car body, it is characterised in that:The end wall of car body outside installation just like claim 1 to A kind of windscreen structure of 9 any one of them.
CN201810505279.7A 2018-05-24 2018-05-24 A kind of windscreen structure and a kind of rail vehicle Pending CN108556858A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810505279.7A CN108556858A (en) 2018-05-24 2018-05-24 A kind of windscreen structure and a kind of rail vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810505279.7A CN108556858A (en) 2018-05-24 2018-05-24 A kind of windscreen structure and a kind of rail vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108556858A true CN108556858A (en) 2018-09-21

Family

ID=63539550

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810505279.7A Pending CN108556858A (en) 2018-05-24 2018-05-24 A kind of windscreen structure and a kind of rail vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108556858A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110239576A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-17 株洲市华丰复合材料有限公司 A kind of novel track vehicle windscreen

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110239576A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-17 株洲市华丰复合材料有限公司 A kind of novel track vehicle windscreen
CN110239576B (en) * 2019-05-31 2020-06-12 株洲市华丰复合材料有限公司 Rail vehicle windshield

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