CN108551897B - Automatic straw collecting and smashing machine and using method thereof - Google Patents

Automatic straw collecting and smashing machine and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108551897B
CN108551897B CN201810014428.XA CN201810014428A CN108551897B CN 108551897 B CN108551897 B CN 108551897B CN 201810014428 A CN201810014428 A CN 201810014428A CN 108551897 B CN108551897 B CN 108551897B
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Prior art keywords
collecting
smashing
hooks
rod
straw
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CN201810014428.XA
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CN108551897A (en
Inventor
陆林娣
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Jiang Yusu
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Jiang Yusu
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/01Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like specially adapted for being mounted on or drawn by a tractor, e.g. field choppers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D89/00Pick-ups for loaders, chaff-cutters, balers, field-threshers, or the like, i.e. attachments for picking-up hay or the like field crops
    • A01D89/001Pick-up systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D89/00Pick-ups for loaders, chaff-cutters, balers, field-threshers, or the like, i.e. attachments for picking-up hay or the like field crops
    • A01D89/005Drives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D89/00Pick-ups for loaders, chaff-cutters, balers, field-threshers, or the like, i.e. attachments for picking-up hay or the like field crops
    • A01D89/006Accessories
    • A01D89/008Devices cooperating with the pick-up
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/02Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • A01F29/14Drives

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic straw collecting and smashing machine and a using method thereof, wherein the automatic straw collecting and smashing machine comprises a tractor and an automatic straw collecting and smashing device, the automatic straw collecting and smashing device is suspended at the tail of the tractor through a Z-shaped connecting frame, the automatic straw collecting and smashing device comprises a collecting device, a conveying device and a smashing device, the collecting device is rotatably arranged on the Z-shaped connecting frame, the conveying device is arranged between the collecting device and the smashing device, the tractor is started and drives the automatic straw collecting and smashing device to move together, straws are collected through the collecting device and conveyed to the smashing device through the conveying device, and the straws are smashed and discharged through the smashing device. The automatic straw collecting and smashing locomotive and the using method thereof provided by the invention can collect and smash straws, the straws are thoroughly collected, the smashed straws are uniformly laid on the field and returned to the field to be used as fertilizer, and pollution caused by burning is avoided.

Description

Automatic straw collecting and smashing machine and using method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, and particularly relates to an automatic straw collecting and smashing locomotive and a using method thereof.
Background
With the development of society and the progress of technology level, the development of agricultural machinery has made great progress. As is known, the Chinese Bingzhaobo is a big agricultural country, crops produced in China every year are not only eaten by the people, but also exported to other countries, and are praised by a plurality of countries. However, in recent years, air pollution is becoming more serious, and nations advocate the protection of the environment and forbid pollution. When the crops arrive at the harvesting season, the fruits are harvested home, the straws of the crops are left in the field, such as corn straws, wheat straws and the like, and the problems to be solved are that how to treat the straws does not influence the cultivation and production of the crops in the next season. Many farmers adopt the burning mode, especially in the north, the farmers are more used to the burning mode to treat the straws, which not only causes serious potential safety hazard, but also causes serious pollution to the environment.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose of the invention is as follows: in order to overcome the defects in the prior art, the invention provides the automatic straw collecting and smashing locomotive and the using method thereof, the automatic straw collecting and smashing locomotive can collect and smash straws, the straws are collected cleanly and thoroughly, the smashed straws are uniformly laid on the field and returned to the field to be used as fertilizer, potential safety hazards and environmental pollution caused by burning are avoided, and the locomotive is safer and more environment-friendly and is convenient to popularize.
The technical scheme is as follows: in order to achieve the purpose, the automatic straw collecting and smashing machine comprises a tractor and an automatic straw collecting and smashing device, wherein the automatic straw collecting and smashing device is suspended at the tail of the tractor through a Z-shaped connecting frame; the automatic straw collecting and smashing device comprises a collecting device, a conveying device and a smashing device, and the collecting device is rotatably arranged on the Z-shaped connecting frame; the straw crushing device is characterized in that the conveying device is arranged between the collecting device and the crushing device, the straw input end of the conveying device is fixedly arranged with the Z-shaped connecting frame, and the straw output end of the conveying device is fixedly arranged with the crushing device.
Furthermore, the collecting device comprises a rotating cross rod and a plurality of collecting hooks fixedly arranged on the rotating cross rod, and two ends of the rotating cross rod are rotatably arranged on two horizontal rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame; the collecting hook is semicircular, and the end of the collecting hook inserted into the straw is a tip end;
the collecting device also comprises two cutting devices and two first rollers, the two cutting devices can be rotationally and symmetrically arranged at two ends of the rotating cross rod, the two first rollers can be symmetrically arranged on the Z-shaped connecting frame in a rolling manner, and the two first rollers are always kept in contact with the ground;
the cutting device comprises a semicircular cutting knife and a first motor, and the cutting knife is fixedly arranged on a driving shaft of the first motor; bearing seats are respectively arranged on the end surfaces of the two ends of the rotary cross rod, and the driving shaft is fixedly connected with the inner ring of a first bearing in each bearing seat; a tooth transmission mechanism is arranged on the inner side of the first roller and connected with a chain wheel; a ring of teeth are arranged on the rod surface of the rotating cross rod close to the rod end, a chain is meshed with the teeth, and the teeth are in transmission connection with the chain wheel through the chain; under the rolling of the first idler wheel and the opening state of the first motor, the rotation directions of the collecting hook and the cutting knife are opposite, and the concave surface of the collecting hook is opposite to the cutting surface of the cutting knife.
Furthermore, the plurality of collecting hooks are divided into four groups, namely a first group of collecting hooks, a second group of collecting hooks, a third group of collecting hooks and a fourth group of collecting hooks; the first group of collecting hooks, the second group of collecting hooks, the third group of collecting hooks and the fourth group of collecting hooks are respectively and correspondingly distributed in a linear mode along the extending direction of the rotating cross rod, and the distances between the adjacent collecting hooks of the first group of collecting hooks, the second group of collecting hooks, the third group of collecting hooks and the fourth group of collecting hooks are the same; the edge tracks of the different groups of collecting hooks in the same plane perpendicular to the rotating cross bar form a circle, and the lowest end of the circle has a distance from the wheel surface of the lowest end of the first roller.
Furthermore, the gear transmission mechanism comprises a first gear and a second gear which are meshed with each other, the first gear is concentrically connected with the first roller through a first central shaft, the second gear is concentrically connected with the chain wheel through a second central shaft, and a third central shaft is concentrically connected to the other side of the chain wheel.
Furthermore, second bearings are symmetrically arranged on the two horizontal rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame, two ends of the rotating cross rod respectively penetrate through the second bearings, and the rod faces at the two ends of the rotating cross rod are fixedly arranged with the inner rings of the second bearings; l-shaped connecting rods are symmetrically arranged on the two vertical rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame, the rod ends of the two L-shaped connecting rods are respectively provided with a third bearing, and the third bearings are fixedly sleeved on the first central shaft through bearing inner rings; the two vertical rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame are symmetrically provided with connecting straight rods, the rod ends of the two connecting straight rods are respectively provided with a fourth bearing, and the fourth bearings are fixedly arranged on the second central shaft through bearing inner rings in a fixed sleeve mode.
Furthermore, the smashing device comprises a smashing box, a feeding port is formed in the upper part of the smashing box, a plurality of uniformly distributed material leaking holes are formed in the bottom of the smashing box, and a third roller is arranged outside the smashing box through a support rod; smash the incasement and rotatably be provided with and smash the axostylus axostyle, smash the axostylus axostyle and set up the second motor drive that smashes the case outside and be connected, and smash and be provided with a plurality of blades on the axostylus axostyle.
Further, the conveying device gradually rises from the straw input end to the straw output end; the conveying device comprises a conveying frame and a conveying belt arranged on the conveying frame, a second roller is arranged at the bottom of the conveying frame, the low end of the conveying frame is fixedly connected with the Z-shaped connecting frame, and the high end of the conveying frame is fixedly arranged with the edge of the feeding port; the conveying belt is provided with strip-shaped bulges, and the bulges are uniformly distributed on the conveying belt.
A use method of a straw automatic collection smashing vehicle is characterized in that: firstly, a first motor and a second motor are started, a cutting knife rapidly rotates, a blade on a smashing shaft rod also rapidly rotates, and then a worker drives a tractor to advance to begin straw collection and smashing; the collecting hook shovels the straws and rotates along with the collecting hook, the cutting knife which rotates fast cuts off the redundant straws at the edge, the collecting hook pours the straws onto the conveying belt, the conveying belt conveys the straws to the smashing box, the straws enter the smashing box from the feeding port and are smashed by the fast-rotating blade, and the smashed straws are leaked from the material leaking hole and are uniformly laid on the field.
Has the advantages that: according to the automatic straw collecting and smashing locomotive and the using method thereof, under the driving of the tractor, the collecting device, the conveying device and the smashing device travel together with the tractor, the collecting hook of the collecting device can scoop up the straws, automatic collection of the straws is realized, the straws are collected cleanly and thoroughly, the conveying device can convey the straws collected by the collecting device to the smashing device, real-time conveying is realized, straw blockage cannot be caused, the smashing device smashes the straws and discharges the straws from the material leakage holes, straw scraps are uniformly laid on the field and return to the field to be used as field fertilizer, resources are recycled, waste is not caused, environmental pollution and potential safety hazards caused by burning are solved, and the locomotive is more energy-saving and environment-friendly and convenient to popularize.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a Z-shaped connecting frame, a conveying device and a smashing device;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the collection device;
fig. 4 is a side view of the collection device.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in the attached drawings 1 to 4, the automatic straw collecting and smashing machine comprises a tractor 10 and an automatic straw collecting and smashing device, wherein the automatic straw collecting and smashing device is suspended at the tail of the tractor 10 through a Z-shaped connecting frame 15, and the automatic straw collecting and smashing device can be conveniently mounted and dismounted. The automatic straw collecting and smashing device comprises a collecting device 11, a conveying device 12 and a smashing device 13, wherein the collecting device 11 is rotatably arranged on a Z-shaped connecting frame 15; conveyor 12 sets up at collection device 11 and smashes between device 13, and conveyor 12's straw input and the fixed setting of Z type link 15, conveyor 12's straw output with smash device 13 fixed setting, under tractor 10 starts and drives straw automatic collection and smashes the device and together advance the state, the straw is collected through collection device 11 and is carried to smashing device 13 through conveyor 12, the straw is smashed and is discharged through smashing device 13, collection device 11, conveyor 12 with smash device 13 and advance under tractor 10's drive in step, collection device 11 does progressively collecting of straw, conveyor 12 is the real-time transport of straw, avoid blockking up, smash device 13 and smash the straw in real time, the straw is collected and is smashed thoroughly, and is efficient.
The collecting device 11 comprises a rotating cross rod 111 and a plurality of collecting hooks 112 fixedly arranged on the rotating cross rod 111, and two ends of the rotating cross rod 111 can be rotatably arranged on two horizontal rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame 15; the collecting hook 112 is semicircular, so that the straws can be temporarily stored conveniently, and the end of the collecting hook 112 inserted into the straws is pointed, so that the straws can be inserted conveniently.
The collecting device 11 further comprises two cutting devices and two first rollers 114, the two cutting devices are rotatably and symmetrically arranged at two ends of the rotating cross rod 111, the two first rollers 114 are rotatably and symmetrically arranged on the Z-shaped connecting frame 15, the two first rollers 114 are always in contact with the ground, the rotating cross rod 111 is always in a rotating state, and the collecting hook 112 can collect straws in real time conveniently.
The cutting device comprises a semicircular cutting knife 115 and a first motor 116, the cutting knife 115 is fixedly arranged on a driving shaft 117 of the first motor 116, the first motor 116 drives the driving shaft 117 and drives the cutting knife 115 to rotate rapidly, redundant straws on two sides of the collecting device 11 are cut off in real time, and the straw collecting and conveying are facilitated. Bearing seats 119 are respectively arranged on the end surfaces of two ends of the rotating cross rod 111, and the driving shaft 117 is fixedly connected with the inner ring of a first bearing 118 in the bearing seats 119, so that the rotating cross rod 111 can rotate conveniently; a tooth transmission mechanism is arranged on the inner side of the first roller 114, and is connected with a chain wheel 1114; a circle of teeth 1110 are arranged on the face, close to the rod end, of the rotating cross rod 111, a chain 113 is meshed with the teeth 1110, the teeth 1110 are in transmission connection with a chain wheel 1114 through the chain 113, when the first roller 114 rotates, the rotating cross rod 111 is driven to rotate through a tooth transmission mechanism and the chain 113, the straw is collected by the collecting hook 112, power required by rotation of the rotating cross rod 111 is not required to be provided additionally, energy is saved, cost is saved, in addition, the rotating cross rod 111 rotates along with the first roller 114, the rotating speed is reasonable, the straw scooped up by the collecting hook 112 cannot be thrown out due to too high rotating speed, the straw cannot be collected in time due to too low rotating speed to blockage, or the straw cannot be collected thoroughly; under the state that the first roller 114 rolls and the first motor 116 is started, the rotating directions of the collecting hook 112 and the cutting knife 115 are opposite, and the concave surface of the collecting hook 112 is arranged opposite to the cutting surface of the cutting knife 115, so that the collecting hook 112 is ensured to normally collect straws and the straws slide to the conveying device 12, and the cutting knife 115 is ensured to normally cut off redundant straws.
The plurality of collecting hooks 112 are divided into four groups, namely a first group of collecting hooks 112a, a second group of collecting hooks 112b, a third group of collecting hooks 112c and a fourth group of collecting hooks 112 d; the collection hooks 112 of the first, second, third and fourth groups of collection hooks 112a, 112b, 112c and 112d are respectively distributed linearly along the extending direction of the rotating cross bar 111, and the distances between the adjacent collection hooks 112 of the first, second, third and fourth groups of collection hooks 112a, 112b, 112c and 112d are the same, so that the collection hooks 112 can collect the straws more easily, and the collection hooks 112 are divided into four groups to be circulated, thereby having high efficiency. The edge tracks of different groups of collecting hooks 112 perpendicular to the same plane of the rotating cross bar 111 form a circle 14, the lowest end of the circle 14 has a distance with the wheel surface of the lowest end of the first roller 114, so that the collecting hooks 112 are ensured not to touch the field, and the feasibility of collecting straws by the rotating collecting hooks 112 is ensured.
The tooth transmission mechanism comprises a first gear 1111 and a second gear 1112 which are meshed with each other, the first gear 1111 is concentrically connected with the first roller 114 through a first center shaft 1115, the second gear 1112 is concentrically connected with the chain wheel 1114 through a second center shaft 1113, the other side of the chain wheel 1114 is concentrically connected with a third center shaft 1116, the rotation directions of the first roller 114 and the rotating cross rod 111 are opposite through the first gear 1111 and the second gear 1112, the collection hook 112 can scoop up straws, and the collection of the straws is realized.
The two horizontal rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame 15 are symmetrically provided with second bearings 153, two ends of the rotating cross rod 111 respectively penetrate through the second bearings 153, and the rod faces at the two ends of the rotating cross rod 111 are fixedly arranged with the inner rings of the second bearings 153; the two vertical rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame 15 are symmetrically provided with L-shaped connecting rods 151, rod ends of the two L-shaped connecting rods 151 are respectively provided with a third bearing 152, and the third bearings 152 are fixedly sleeved on the first central shaft 1115 through bearing inner rings; two vertical rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame 15 are also symmetrically provided with connecting straight rods 154, rod ends of the two connecting straight rods 154 are respectively provided with a fourth bearing 155, and the fourth bearing 155 is fixedly sleeved on the second central shaft 1113 through a bearing inner ring.
The smashing device 13 comprises a smashing box 131, a feeding port 135 is formed in the upper portion of the smashing box 131, a plurality of material leaking holes 137 which are uniformly distributed are formed in the bottom of the smashing box 131, straw chippings are guaranteed to uniformly fall into a field from the material leaking holes 137, and second rollers 132 are arranged outside the smashing box 131 through supporting rods 133; smashing the incasement 131 in the rotatable smashing axostylus axostyle 136 that is provided with, smash axostylus axostyle 136 and set up in smashing the second motor 134 drive connection of the incasement 131 outside, just smash and be provided with a plurality of blades 138 on the axostylus axostyle 136.
The conveying device 12 gradually rises from the straw input end to the straw output end to ensure that the straws are conveyed into the crushing box 131; the conveying device 12 comprises a conveying frame 121 and a conveying belt 122 arranged on the conveying frame 121, a third roller 124 is arranged at the bottom of the conveying frame 121, the short end of the conveying frame 121 is fixedly connected with the Z-shaped connecting frame 15, and the high end of the conveying frame 121 is fixedly arranged with the edge of the feeding port 135; be provided with the arch 123 of rectangular shape on the conveyer belt 122, arch 123 evenly distributed on conveyer belt 122 increases frictional force, and roll from conveyer belt 122 when preventing that the straw from climbing to fall, cause the jam, has guaranteed the normal transport of straw.
A using method of an automatic straw collecting and smashing locomotive comprises the steps that firstly, a first motor 116 and a second motor 134 are started, a cutting knife 115 rotates rapidly, a blade 138 on a smashing shaft lever 136 also rotates rapidly, and then a worker drives a tractor 10 to move forward to start straw collecting and smashing; the collecting hook 112 scoops up the straws and rotates along with the collecting hook 112, the cutting knife 115 which rotates fast cuts off the excessive straws on the edge, the collecting hook 112 pours the straws onto the conveying belt 122, the conveying belt 122 conveys the straws to the smashing box 131, the straws enter the smashing box 131 from the feeding port 135 and are smashed by the fast-rotating blade 138, and the smashed straws leak out of the material leaking hole 137 and are uniformly laid on the field.
The above description is only of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and it should be noted that: it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and adaptations can be made without departing from the principles of the invention and these are intended to be within the scope of the invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a locomotive is smashed to straw automatic collection which characterized in that: the straw automatic collecting and smashing device is suspended at the tail of the tractor (10) through a Z-shaped connecting frame (15); the automatic straw collecting and smashing device comprises a collecting device (11), a conveying device (12) and a smashing device (13), wherein the collecting device (11) is rotatably arranged on a Z-shaped connecting frame (15); the conveying device (12) is arranged between the collecting device (11) and the smashing device (13), the straw input end of the conveying device (12) is fixedly arranged with the Z-shaped connecting frame (15), and the straw output end of the conveying device (12) is fixedly arranged with the smashing device (13);
the collecting device (11) comprises a rotating cross rod (111) and a plurality of collecting hooks (112) fixedly arranged on the rotating cross rod (111), and two ends of the rotating cross rod (111) can be rotatably arranged on two horizontal rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame (15); the collecting hook (112) is semicircular, and the end of the collecting hook (112) inserted into the straw is a tip end;
the collecting device (11) further comprises two cutting devices and two first rollers (114), the two cutting devices are rotatably and symmetrically arranged at two ends of the rotating cross rod (111), the two first rollers (114) are rotatably and symmetrically arranged on the Z-shaped connecting frame (15) in a rolling mode, and the two first rollers (114) are always kept in contact with the ground;
the cutting device comprises a semicircular cutting knife (115) and a first motor (116), wherein the cutting knife (115) is fixedly arranged on a driving shaft (117) of the first motor (116); bearing seats (119) are respectively arranged on the end surfaces of two ends of the rotary cross rod (111), and the driving shaft (117) is fixedly connected with the inner ring of a first bearing (118) in the bearing seats (119); a tooth transmission mechanism is arranged on the inner side of the first roller (114), and is connected with a chain wheel (1114); a ring of teeth (1110) are arranged on the face, close to the rod end, of the rotating cross rod (111), a chain (113) is meshed with the teeth (1110), and the teeth (1110) are in transmission connection with a chain wheel (1114) through the chain (113); under the rolling state of the first roller (114) and the opening state of the first motor (116), the rotating directions of the collecting hook (112) and the cutting knife (115) are opposite, and the concave surface of the collecting hook (112) is opposite to the cutting surface of the cutting knife (115);
the collection hooks (112) are divided into four groups, namely a first group of collection hooks (112a), a second group of collection hooks (112b), a third group of collection hooks (112c) and a fourth group of collection hooks (112 d); a plurality of collecting hooks (112) corresponding to the first group of collecting hooks (112a), the second group of collecting hooks (112b), the third group of collecting hooks (112c) and the fourth group of collecting hooks (112d) are respectively and linearly distributed along the extending direction of the rotating cross rod (111), and the distances between the adjacent collecting hooks (112) of the first group of collecting hooks (112a), the second group of collecting hooks (112b), the third group of collecting hooks (112c) and the fourth group of collecting hooks (112d) are the same; the edge tracks of different groups of collecting hooks (112) in the same plane vertical to the rotating cross rod (111) form a circle (14), and the lowest end of the circle (14) has a distance with the wheel surface of the lowest end of the first roller (114);
the tooth transmission mechanism comprises a first gear (1111) and a second gear (1112) which are meshed with each other, the first gear (1111) is concentrically connected with a first roller (114) through a first central shaft (1115), the second gear (1112) is concentrically connected with a chain wheel (1114) through a second central shaft (1113), and the other surface of the chain wheel (1114) is concentrically connected with a third central shaft (1116).
2. The automatic straw collecting and smashing vehicle according to claim 1, wherein: second bearings (153) are symmetrically arranged on the two horizontal rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame (15), two ends of the rotating cross rod (111) penetrate through the second bearings (153) respectively, and rod faces at two ends of the rotating cross rod (111) are fixedly arranged with inner rings of the second bearings (153); l-shaped connecting rods (151) are symmetrically arranged on two vertical rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame (15), rod ends of the two L-shaped connecting rods (151) are respectively provided with a third bearing (152), and the third bearings (152) are fixedly sleeved on a first central shaft (1115) through bearing inner rings; two vertical rods of the Z-shaped connecting frame (15) are symmetrically provided with connecting straight rods (154), rod ends of the two connecting straight rods (154) are respectively provided with a fourth bearing (155), and the fourth bearings (155) are fixedly sleeved on the second central shaft (1113) through bearing inner rings.
3. The automatic straw collecting and smashing vehicle according to claim 2, wherein: the smashing device (13) comprises a smashing box (131), a feeding port (135) is formed in the upper portion of the smashing box (131), a plurality of material leaking holes (137) which are uniformly distributed are formed in the bottom of the smashing box (131), and second rollers (132) are arranged outside the smashing box (131) through supporting rods (133); smash in case (131) rotatable be provided with smash axostylus axostyle (136), smash axostylus axostyle (136) and set up in smashing the second motor (134) drive connection of case (131) outside, and smash and be provided with a plurality of blades (138) on axostylus axostyle (136).
4. The automatic straw collecting and smashing vehicle according to claim 3, wherein: the conveying device (12) gradually rises from the straw input end to the straw output end; the conveying device (12) comprises a conveying frame (121) and a conveying belt (122) arranged on the conveying frame (121), a third roller (124) is arranged at the bottom of the conveying frame (121), the low end of the conveying frame (121) is fixedly connected with a Z-shaped connecting frame (15), and the high end of the conveying frame (121) is fixedly arranged with the edge of the feeding port (135); the conveying belt (122) is provided with elongated protrusions (123), and the protrusions (123) are uniformly distributed on the conveying belt (122).
5. The use method of the automatic straw collecting and smashing vehicle is characterized in that: firstly, a first motor (116) and a second motor (134) are started, a cutting knife (115) rotates rapidly, a blade (138) on a smashing shaft lever (136) also rotates rapidly, and then a worker drives a tractor (10) to move forward to start straw collection and smashing; the collecting hook (112) scoops up the straws and rotates along with the collecting hook (112), the cutting knife (115) which rotates fast cuts off the redundant straws at the edge, the collecting hook (112) pours the straws onto the conveying belt (122), the conveying belt (122) conveys the straws to the smashing box (131), the straws enter the smashing box (131) from the feeding port (135) and are smashed by the fast-rotating blades (138), and the smashed straws leak from the leaking hole (137) and are uniformly laid on the field.
CN201810014428.XA 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 Automatic straw collecting and smashing machine and using method thereof Active CN108551897B (en)

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