CN108551239B - Motor stator rotor splitting device - Google Patents

Motor stator rotor splitting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108551239B
CN108551239B CN201810450483.3A CN201810450483A CN108551239B CN 108551239 B CN108551239 B CN 108551239B CN 201810450483 A CN201810450483 A CN 201810450483A CN 108551239 B CN108551239 B CN 108551239B
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China
Prior art keywords
positioning support
vertical
positioning
support rod
motor
Prior art date
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CN201810450483.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108551239A (en
Inventor
刘蕾
石爱文
姚雨龙
汪波
任永强
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Hefei Juyi Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Hefei Juyi Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810450483.3A priority Critical patent/CN108551239B/en
Publication of CN108551239A publication Critical patent/CN108551239A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K15/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K15/0006Disassembling, repairing or modifying dynamo-electric machines

Abstract

The invention discloses a motor stator and rotor splitting device, which comprises a rack, wherein a working table top is arranged on the rack, a vertical sliding table is arranged on one side of the working table top in a sliding manner, an upper positioning device and a lower positioning device are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the vertical sliding table, the upper positioning device comprises an upper positioning support and an upper positioning support rod, the upper positioning support is rotatably arranged at the upper end of the vertical sliding table, the upper positioning support can rotate in a horizontal plane, the upper positioning support rod is arranged on the upper positioning support and vertically extends downwards, and the upper positioning support rod is driven by a second driving mechanism to vertically move upwards and; the lower positioning device comprises a lower positioning support rod, the lower positioning support rod is arranged at the lower end of the vertical sliding table, and the lower positioning support rod and the upper positioning support rod are coaxially arranged. Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages: the rotor assembly is ensured to be always along the axial direction when being separated from the stator assembly, and the scratch damage is avoided; and the disassembly is convenient, and the time and the labor are saved.

Description

Motor stator rotor splitting device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical devices, in particular to a motor stator and rotor splitting device.
Background
When a new energy motor product is in trial production or batch production, unqualified assembly can be found during quality detection, and if the stator or the rotor part is unqualified, a special tool is needed to separate the total components of the stator assembly and the rotor, so that quality problems can be conveniently checked and maintained. Because the stator assembly and the rotor assembly are assembled by adopting the special press-fitting mechanism when being assembled, the stator assembly and the rotor assembly have coaxial requirements when being assembled and have certain matching acting force, the separation of the stator assembly and the rotor assembly is also separated in a coaxial state when the stator assembly and the rotor assembly are required to be disassembled and assembled, and the stator coil is prevented from being damaged due to mutual rubbing between the stator and the rotor.
The prior art adopts simple frock location stator assembly more when carrying out motor dismouting, separation stator assembly and rotor assembly, then adopts horizontal or vertical mode of drawing, separates the rotor and the stator of motor, and this kind of frock is not nimble enough, and centering effect is poor, damages motor stator coil relatively easily, and to operating personnel harder. The detached rotor is not easy to be hoisted out. In the prior art, only the rotor assembly of the motor is separated from the total components of the stator, so that the operation is less considered in the dismounting process, and the time and the labor are saved; and the damage of the rotor assembly and the stator assembly is easy to occur; the separated rotor assembly is also difficult to remove.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art and provides a motor stator and rotor splitting device to ensure that a rotor assembly is always along the axial direction when being separated from a stator assembly, and scratch damage is avoided.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a motor stator and rotor splitting device comprises a frame, wherein a horizontal working table surface is arranged on the frame and used for placing a motor to be split, the motor comprises a stator assembly and a rotor assembly, a motor shaft is arranged at the center of the rotor assembly, a vertical sliding table is arranged on one side of the working table in a sliding mode and driven by a first driving mechanism to move up and down along the vertical direction, an upper positioning device and a lower positioning device are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the vertical sliding table,
the upper positioning device comprises an upper positioning support and an upper positioning support rod, the upper positioning support is rotatably arranged at the upper end of the vertical sliding table, the upper positioning support can rotate in the horizontal plane, the upper positioning support rod is arranged on the upper positioning support and extends vertically downwards, and the upper positioning support rod is driven by the second driving mechanism to move vertically upwards and downwards;
the lower positioning device comprises a lower positioning support rod, the lower positioning support rod is arranged at the lower end of the vertical sliding table and vertically extends upwards, the lower positioning support rod and the upper positioning support rod are coaxially arranged, and during operation, the upper positioning support rod and the lower positioning support rod respectively push against slots at the upper end and the lower end of a motor shaft of the motor.
Further, first actuating mechanism includes horizontal hand wheel, horizontal rotating shaft, horizontal bevel gear, vertical bevel gear, first lead screw, screw-nut, horizontal hand wheel and horizontal bevel gear are connected respectively to the inside and outside both ends of horizontal rotating shaft, vertical bevel gear is connected to the lower extreme of first lead screw, horizontal bevel gear and vertical bevel gear mesh mutually, screw-nut cover is established on first lead screw, just screw-nut is connected with vertical slip table, through rotating horizontal hand wheel to drive first lead screw and rotate, and then drive screw-nut and reciprocate along vertical direction, and then drive vertical slip table reciprocates along vertical direction.
Furthermore, second actuating mechanism includes vertical hand wheel, second lead screw, lead screw seat, the lead screw seat sets up go up on the locating support, lead screw seat female connection has the second lead screw, the second lead screw extends along vertical direction, the upper and lower both ends of second lead screw are connected respectively vertical hand wheel with go up the location bracing piece, through rotating vertical hand wheel to the location bracing piece reciprocates along vertical direction on the drive.
Furthermore, a pressing mechanism for pressing the stator assembly of the motor is arranged on the working table top.
Furthermore, a vertical fixing plate is arranged at the upper end of the vertical sliding table, and one side of the upper positioning support is rotatably connected with the fixing plate through a vertical rotating shaft.
Furthermore, a vertical linear guide rail is arranged on the rack, a sliding block is arranged on one side of the vertical sliding table, and the vertical sliding table slides back and forth along the linear guide rail through the sliding block.
Furthermore, a section of smooth surface section is arranged on the lower section of the first screw rod, a fixed supporting seat used for vertically guiding the first screw rod is arranged on the rack, and the fixed supporting seat is sleeved on the smooth surface section of the lower section of the first screw rod through a bearing.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1. according to the motor stator and rotor splitting device provided by the invention, the upper positioning device and the lower positioning device are adopted to position the rotor assembly of the motor, and the upper positioning support rod and the lower positioning support rod are matched with the follow-up of the vertical sliding table, so that the rotor assembly is ensured to always follow the axial direction when being separated from the stator assembly, and the scratch damage caused by scraping is effectively avoided.
2. According to the motor stator and rotor splitting device provided by the invention, the two driving mechanisms are respectively matched with the ball screw mechanism through the hand wheel, so that when the rotor assembly is separated from the stator assembly, the manual operation is convenient, and the labor is saved.
3. According to the motor stator and rotor splitting device provided by the invention, the upper positioning bracket can rotate in a horizontal plane, the opening and closing of the upper positioning device can realize two functions, and the rotor assembly can be positioned when the upper positioning device is closed; when the motor is opened, the rotor assembly is convenient to hang out and the latter motor is convenient to hang in.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a left side view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a top view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a rear view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a left side sectional view of the rotor assembly and stator assembly of the present invention shown unseparated.
Fig. 6 is a left side sectional view of the rotor assembly of the present invention separated from the stator assembly.
FIG. 7 is an isometric view of the rotor assembly and stator assembly of the present invention when not separated.
FIG. 8 is an isometric view of the rotor assembly of the present invention separated from the stator assembly.
Figure 9 is an isometric view of the upper positioning device of the present invention in an open position.
Reference numbers in the figures: the automatic positioning device comprises a vertical frame 1, a horizontal frame 2, a vertical sliding table 3, a working table surface 4, a lower positioning support rod 5, a pressing block 6, a horizontal hand wheel 7, a horizontal rotating shaft 8, a horizontal bevel gear 9, a vertical bevel gear 10, a first screw rod 11, a fixed support seat 12, a nut seat 13, a screw nut 14, a fixed plate 15, an upper positioning support 16, a vertical rotating shaft 17, a vertical hand wheel 18, a screw rod seat 19, an upper positioning support rod 20, a linear guide rail 21, a sliding block 22, a second screw rod 23, a rotor assembly 24, a stator assembly 25 and a motor shaft 26.
Detailed Description
The following examples are given for the detailed implementation and specific operation of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited to the following examples.
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, the embodiment discloses a motor stator rotor splitting device, including the frame, the frame divide into horizontal stand 2 and vertical frame 1, is provided with horizontally table surface 4 on the horizontal stand 2 of frame, and table surface 4 is used for placing the motor of treating the split, and the motor includes stator assembly 25 and rotor assembly 24, and rotor assembly 24 center is equipped with motor shaft 26, is equipped with the hold-down mechanism who is used for compressing tightly stator assembly 25 of motor on table surface 4, and hold-down mechanism can be two rotatable compact heap 6.
Vertical frame 1 of table surface 4 one side is gone up to slide and is provided with vertical slip table 3, reciprocates along vertical direction through vertical slip table 3 of a actuating mechanism drive, is equipped with a vertical linear guide 21 in the frame, and 3 one sides of vertical slip table are equipped with slider 22, and vertical slip table 3 makes a round trip to slide along linear guide 21 through slider 22.
The first driving mechanism comprises a horizontal hand wheel 7, a horizontal rotating shaft 8, a horizontal bevel gear 9, a vertical bevel gear 10, a first screw rod 11 and a screw nut 14, the inner end and the outer end of the horizontal rotating shaft 8 are respectively connected with the horizontal hand wheel 7 and the horizontal bevel gear 9, the lower end of the first screw rod 11 is connected with the vertical bevel gear 10, the horizontal bevel gear 9 is meshed with the vertical bevel gear 10, the screw nut 14 is sleeved on the first screw rod 11, the screw nut 14 is fixed on a nut seat 13, a section of smooth surface section is arranged at the lower section of the first screw rod 11, a fixed supporting seat 12 used for vertically guiding the first screw rod 11 is arranged on the rack, and the fixed supporting seat 12 is sleeved on the smooth surface section of the. The screw rod nut 14 is connected with the vertical sliding table 3 through the nut seat 13, and the horizontal hand wheel 7 is rotated, so that the first screw rod 11 is driven to rotate, the screw rod nut 14 is driven to move up and down along the vertical direction, and the vertical sliding table 3 is driven to move up and down along the vertical direction.
The upper end and the lower end of the vertical sliding table 3 are respectively provided with an upper positioning device and a lower positioning device.
The upper positioning device comprises an upper positioning support 16 and an upper positioning support rod 20, a vertical fixing plate 15 is arranged at the upper end of the vertical sliding table 3, and one side of the upper positioning support 16 is rotatably connected with the fixing plate 15 through a vertical rotating shaft 17. The upper positioning support 16 can rotate in a horizontal plane, the upper positioning support rod 20 is arranged on the upper positioning support 16 and extends vertically and downwards, and the upper positioning support rod 20 is driven by the second driving mechanism to move vertically and downwards; the second driving mechanism comprises a vertical hand wheel 18, a second screw rod 23 and a screw rod seat 19, the screw rod seat 19 is arranged on the upper positioning support 16, the second screw rod 23 is connected with the screw rod seat 19 in an internal thread mode, the second screw rod 23 extends in the vertical direction, the vertical hand wheel 18 and the upper positioning support rod 20 are connected to the upper end and the lower end of the second screw rod 23 respectively, and the vertical hand wheel 18 is rotated to drive the upper positioning support rod 20 to move up and down in the vertical direction.
The lower positioning device comprises a lower positioning support rod 5, the lower positioning support rod 5 is arranged at the lower end of the vertical sliding table 3 and vertically extends upwards, the lower positioning support rod 5 and the upper positioning support rod 20 are coaxially arranged, and during operation, the upper positioning support rod 20 and the lower positioning support rod 5 are respectively pressed in slots at the upper end and the lower end of a motor shaft 26 of the motor.
The working process of the splitting device provided by the embodiment is as follows:
(1) rotating the upper positioning support 16 to enable the upper positioning device to be in an open state, enabling an upper positioning support rod 20 of the upper positioning device to leave a position right above a motor shaft 26, manually hoisting a motor to be disassembled to be placed on the working table top 4, enabling a positioning pin on the working table top 4 to be matched with a pressing device to position a shell of a stator assembly 25 of the motor, and positioning the stator assembly 25 by adopting a one-side two-pin principle;
(2) the upper positioning bracket 16 is then rotated to close the upper positioning device, with the upper positioning support rod 20 of the upper positioning device positioned directly above the motor shaft 26. The horizontal hand wheel 7 is shaken to enable the vertical sliding table 3 to rise from the initial position, the lower positioning device and the upper positioning device are driven to rise synchronously, the lower positioning support rod 5 is just inserted into the slot at the lower end of the motor shaft 26 and is tightly propped against the slot, and the lower end of the rotor assembly 24 is positioned. The vertical hand wheel 18 is rotated to move the upper positioning support rod 20 downward against the upper end of the motor shaft 26, and at this time, the upper positioning support rod 20 and the lower positioning support rod 5 are similar to a double tip, and the motor shaft 26, i.e., the rotor assembly 24, is positioned, and the state is shown in fig. 5 and 7. The upper and lower positioning ensures the coaxiality of the rotor assembly 24 and the stator assembly 25.
(3) The horizontal hand wheel 7 is shaken to enable the vertical sliding table 3 to continuously rise, the upper positioning support rod 20, the lower positioning support rod 5 and the vertical sliding table 3 keep following, so that the rotor assembly 24 is driven to rise, the rotor assembly 24 is completely separated from the stator assembly 25, and the state at this time is shown in fig. 6 and 8. The separation is carried out in the coaxial state, and the coil of the stator assembly 25 is not damaged.
(4) The vertical hand wheel 18 is shaken to enable the upper positioning support rod 20 to move upwards and separate from the upper part of the motor shaft 26, at the moment, the lower part of the motor shaft 26 still has the lower positioning support rod 5 for positioning, and the rotor assembly 24 cannot topple over; then, the upper positioning bracket 16 is rotated, the upper positioning device is opened to be in an open state, at this time, the state is shown in fig. 9, at this time, the rotor assembly 24 can be conveniently hoisted and moved away, complete separation of the rotor assembly 24 and the stator assembly 25 is completed, and disassembly and assembly are completed.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a motor stator rotor split device, includes the frame, its characterized in that: a horizontal working table surface is arranged on the frame and used for placing a motor to be disassembled, the motor comprises a stator assembly and a rotor assembly, a motor shaft is arranged at the center of the rotor assembly, a vertical sliding table is arranged on one side of the working table surface in a sliding manner and driven by a first driving mechanism to move up and down along the vertical direction, an upper positioning device and a lower positioning device are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the vertical sliding table,
the upper positioning device comprises an upper positioning support and an upper positioning support rod, the upper positioning support is rotatably arranged at the upper end of the vertical sliding table, the upper positioning support can rotate in the horizontal plane, the upper positioning support rod is arranged on the upper positioning support and extends vertically downwards, and the upper positioning support rod is driven by the second driving mechanism to move vertically upwards and downwards;
the lower positioning device comprises a lower positioning support rod, the lower positioning support rod is arranged at the lower end of the vertical sliding table and extends vertically upwards, the lower positioning support rod and the upper positioning support rod are coaxially arranged, and during operation, the upper positioning support rod and the lower positioning support rod respectively prop and press the slots at the upper end and the lower end of a motor shaft of the motor;
the first driving mechanism comprises a horizontal hand wheel, a horizontal rotating shaft, a horizontal bevel gear, a vertical bevel gear, a first screw rod and a screw nut, wherein the inner end and the outer end of the horizontal rotating shaft are respectively connected with the horizontal hand wheel and the horizontal bevel gear, the lower end of the first screw rod is connected with the vertical bevel gear, the horizontal bevel gear is meshed with the vertical bevel gear, the screw nut is sleeved on the first screw rod and is connected with the vertical sliding table, and the first screw rod is driven to rotate by rotating the horizontal hand wheel, so that the screw nut is driven to vertically move up and down, and the vertical sliding table is driven to vertically move up and down;
the second driving mechanism comprises a vertical hand wheel, a second lead screw and a lead screw seat, the lead screw seat is arranged on the upper positioning support, the second lead screw is connected with the lead screw in the lead screw seat in a threaded manner, the second lead screw extends in the vertical direction, the upper end and the lower end of the second lead screw are respectively connected with the vertical hand wheel and the upper positioning support rod, and the vertical hand wheel is rotated to drive the upper positioning support rod to move up and down in the vertical direction.
2. The motor stator and rotor splitting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and the working table surface is provided with a pressing mechanism for pressing a stator assembly of the motor.
3. The motor stator and rotor splitting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the upper end of the vertical sliding table is provided with a vertical fixed plate, and one side of the upper positioning support is rotatably connected with the fixed plate through a vertical rotating shaft.
4. The motor stator and rotor splitting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the rack is provided with a vertical linear guide rail, one side of the vertical sliding table is provided with a sliding block, and the vertical sliding table slides back and forth along the linear guide rail through the sliding block.
5. The motor stator and rotor splitting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the first screw rod lower section is provided with a section of smooth surface section, the rack is provided with a fixed supporting seat used for vertically guiding the first screw rod, and the fixed supporting seat is sleeved on the smooth surface section of the first screw rod lower section through a bearing.
CN201810450483.3A 2018-05-11 2018-05-11 Motor stator rotor splitting device Active CN108551239B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810450483.3A CN108551239B (en) 2018-05-11 2018-05-11 Motor stator rotor splitting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810450483.3A CN108551239B (en) 2018-05-11 2018-05-11 Motor stator rotor splitting device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108551239A CN108551239A (en) 2018-09-18
CN108551239B true CN108551239B (en) 2020-01-17

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109687655A (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-04-26 重庆长安新能源汽车科技有限公司 A kind of motor disassembling device for three-in-one power drive system
CN109980866A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-07-05 重庆小康工业集团股份有限公司 Positioning mechanism and stator assemble device

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102097896B (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-11-14 株洲变流技术国家工程研究中心有限公司 Method and assembling device for assembling and disassembling stator and rotor of permanent magnet synchronous motor
CN103107653B (en) * 2013-02-07 2015-02-04 上海博泽电机有限公司 Damage prevention dismounting device and dismounting method of small-scale motor
CN103825413A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-05-28 上海翡叶动力科技有限公司 Assembling workbench for rotor and stator of servo motor
KR101721172B1 (en) * 2015-05-20 2017-03-29 김봉택 Apparatus for disassembling and assembling traction motor of train driving device
CN205647201U (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-10-12 中化重庆涪陵化工有限公司 Large -scale motor stator and rotor dismouting mechanism

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