CN108543804A - A kind of soft chip material reclaimer - Google Patents

A kind of soft chip material reclaimer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108543804A
CN108543804A CN201810426878.XA CN201810426878A CN108543804A CN 108543804 A CN108543804 A CN 108543804A CN 201810426878 A CN201810426878 A CN 201810426878A CN 108543804 A CN108543804 A CN 108543804A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rinsing
potcher
reclaimer
screen drum
soft chip
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810426878.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯愚斌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MCB EQUIPMENT (GUANGDONG) CO Ltd
Original Assignee
MCB EQUIPMENT (GUANGDONG) CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by MCB EQUIPMENT (GUANGDONG) CO Ltd filed Critical MCB EQUIPMENT (GUANGDONG) CO Ltd
Priority to CN201810426878.XA priority Critical patent/CN108543804A/en
Publication of CN108543804A publication Critical patent/CN108543804A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of soft chip material reclaimers, including sequentially connected broken segment, impurity separate section, Rinse section and dehydration briquetting part;The broken segment includes the shredder being connect with material conveying mechanism;The impurity separate section includes screen drum and screen drum driving device;The Rinse section includes sequentially connected washing cage, rinsing device and screening flusher, wherein the rinsing device includes turbulent flow rinsing component, rectification rinsing component and potcher;The screening flusher includes holder, the vibrating screen and power-driven mechanism that are arranged on holder;The dehydration briquetting part includes granule machine.The soft chip material reclaimer can be automatically completed all techniques during soft chip material recovery processing, form continuous-flow type operation, have many advantages, such as that production efficiency is high, cost of labor is low, space is small, does not have secondary pollution.

Description

A kind of soft chip material reclaimer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of material recovery process for producing lines, and in particular to a kind of soft chip material reclaimer.
Background technology
Material (such as cloth, plastic film etc.) with soft characteristic is in daily life, production with widely answering With.These materials pollute environment and the wasting of resources, usually carry out recycling repetition to these materials in order to prevent after use It utilizes.The recycling of these materials is broadly divided into the processing steps such as broken, impurity separation, rinsing, dehydration, in the prior art, accordingly Processing equipment be usually divided into multiple processing equipment by different process step, needed in production process through artificial or transport dress The handling material between each processing equipment is set, there are production efficiency, high labor cost, space are big, there may be two The deficiencies of secondary pollution.
Invention content
In view of above-mentioned deficiency present on the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of soft chip materials to recycle Equipment, the recycling equipment can be automatically completed all techniques during soft chip material recovery processing, form stream Ability of swimming operation has many advantages, such as that production efficiency is high, cost of labor is low, space is small, does not have secondary pollution.
The present invention solve above-mentioned technical problem technical solution be:
A kind of soft chip material reclaimer, including sequentially connected broken segment, impurity separate section, Rinse section With dehydration briquetting part, wherein
The broken segment includes the shredder being connect with material conveying mechanism;
The impurity separate section includes the screen drum driving device of screen drum and driving screen drum rotation, wherein the screen drum Wall be equipped with sieve pore, the open at both ends of the screen drum, the wherein opening of one end are feed end, and the opening of the other end is discharge end, The feed end is connect with the shredder, and the discharge end is connect with the Rinse section;
The Rinse section include it is sequentially connected wash cage, rinsing device and screening flusher, wherein
The rinsing device includes turbulent flow rinsing component, rectification rinsing component and potcher;If the potcher includes The dry turbulent section and rectification section that setting is alternateed along water (flow) direction;Wherein, it is equipped with turbulent flow in each turbulent section Component is rinsed, rectification rinsing component is equipped on each rectification section;The turbulent flow rinsing component includes being arranged in potcher On several rinsing medium nozzles;Rectification rinsing component includes roller and several radially-directed pieces, described several A radially-directed piece is arranged along water (flow) direction on the external cylindrical surface of roller;The minimum point of the rectification rinsing component is less than drift The upper surface of rinsing medium in washing trough;
The dehydration briquetting part includes granule machine, and the granule machine is connected with the screening flusher by conveyer It connects.
Preferably, the impurity separate section further includes the screen drum cover and industrial dedusting device for covering side;Wherein, The gas feed of the industrial dedusting device is connected to the inner cavity of screen drum cover by pipeline;The industrial dedusting device removes for cloth bag Dirt device or/and cyclone separator.
Preferably, the rinsing device and screening flusher are two groups, wherein two groups of rinsing devices are arranged in parallel;The One group of rinsing device, first group of screening flusher, second group of rinsing device and second group of screening flusher are sequentially connected.
Preferably, it is additionally provided with axially directed on the roller;The radially-directed piece and axially directed intersect It is arranged on the external cylindrical surface of roller.
Preferably, rinsing medium nozzle is equipped on the inner wall at the beginning of potcher, the rinsing medium nozzle inclination is downward It is arranged and higher than rinsing medium.
Preferably, several rinsing medium nozzles described in the turbulent section in potcher are arranged in the upper of potcher Side, and arranged along the width direction of potcher.
Preferably, the rinsing medium nozzle in each turbulent flow rinsing component is arranged along the width direction of potcher, and In the width direction of potcher, it is located at the outlet of the rinsing medium nozzle of center both sides towards in the width direction of potcher The heart.
Preferably, the screening flusher include holder, the vibrating screen that is arranged on holder and for driving vibration Sieve the power-driven mechanism of vibration, wherein the vibrating screen includes the deflector chute being obliquely installed, sieve and for will be in sieve Screen out the guiding mechanism that the water containing impurity come guides away, wherein the sieve is arranged in the deflector chute, and structure At the slot bottom of the deflector chute;The guiding mechanism be arranged the bottom of the sieve and along material conveying direction from the sieve One end of net extends to the other end.
Preferably, the vibrating screen further includes the push water pipe being arranged in the sieve upper end, the nozzle of the push water pipe Inclined direction along deflector chute is arranged.
Preferably, the guiding mechanism is made of guiding groove, the side wall of the guiding groove side with the deflector chute respectively Wall connects, and the guiding groove is extended to along the direction of Flow of Goods and Materials at material outlet, and is provided with vertically at material outlet The bottom in the vertically extending portion extended downwardly, the vertically extending portion is provided with water outlet, and the water outlet is by drainpipe and outside Boundary is connected to.
The present invention has advantageous effect below compared with prior art:
1, all techniques that soft chip material removal process can be completed, between final finished product is expected in original recycling Processing procedure be carried out continuously, manual intervention is few, and production efficiency is high, saves cost and space.
2, accessible object is more, including plastic film, fabric, non-woven fabrics, foamed plastic and paper etc., versatility It is good.
3, in rinsing impurity separate section:(1), the rinsing device is by being arranged alternately turbulent flow rinsing component and rectification Rinsing component so that material is constantly converted between being rinsed medium nozzle flushing and pushing rinsing by roller, so that Material rinsing is cleaner.(2), the rinsing device rinses component by turbulent flow and rectification rinses the setting of component so that There is the rinsing medium of turbulent condition and rectification state simultaneously in one potcher so that material between turbulent flow and rectification repeatedly Transformation rinsing allows each position of material to obtain the impact rinsing effect of equal chance, to make material rinsing cleaner, Ensure that the polluter attached on material is rinsed off, rinsing process is ingenious in design, significant effect.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is the stereochemical structure of first specific implementation mode of the soft chip material reclaimer of the present invention Schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram of the impurity separate section in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the rinsing device in Fig. 1, wherein Fig. 4 is front view, and Fig. 5 is vertical view.
Fig. 6-Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of the screening flusher in Fig. 1, wherein Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 illustrates for stereochemical structure Figure, Fig. 8 are the structure diagram of Fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is the impurity separate section in second specific implementation mode of the soft chip material reclaimer of the present invention Dimensional structure diagram.
Figure 10 is the impurity separation unit in the third specific implementation mode of the soft chip material reclaimer of the present invention The dimensional structure diagram divided.
Figure 11 is the dimensional structure diagram at another visual angle of Figure 10.
Figure 12 is the side view that pipeline, cyclone separator and bag filter are saved in Figure 10.
Figure 13 is the dimensional structure diagram of supporting rack in Figure 10.
Figure 14 is the dimensional structure diagram of assist shroud.
Figure 15 is the dimensional structure diagram of screen drum cover.
Figure 16 is the explosive view of screen drum cover.
Figure 17 and Figure 18 is the rinsing in the 4th specific implementation mode of the soft chip material reclaimer of the present invention The structural schematic diagram of device, wherein Figure 17 is front view, and Figure 18 is vertical view.
Figure 19 is the rinsing device in the 5th specific implementation mode of the soft chip material reclaimer of the present invention Vertical view.
Specific implementation mode
Present invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the embodiments and the accompanying drawings, but embodiments of the present invention are unlimited In this.
Embodiment 1
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, soft chip material reclaimer of the invention includes sequentially connected broken segment C, impurity Separate section A, Rinse section B and dehydration briquetting part D.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the broken segment C includes the shredder 2C being connect with material conveying mechanism 1C and is crushed Machine 3C, wherein the effect of the shredder 2C is to tear bundled, conglomeration large volume material, forms loose condition (of surface);It is described The effect of crusher 3C is the broken shape that fragmentates of the material of loose condition (of surface);The material conveying mechanism 1C, shredder 2C with And existing equipment can be used to implement in crusher 3C.
Referring to Fig. 3, the impurity separate section A includes screen drum 3a, drives the screen drum driving device of screen drum 3a rotations, will sieve The screen drum cover 1a and industrial dedusting device of the sides cylinder 3a covering;Wherein, the wall of the screen drum 3a is equipped with sieve pore, screen drum 3a Open at both ends, the wherein opening of one end is feed end, and the opening of the other end is discharge end, the feed end and the shredder 1C is connected by conveyer belt 17a, and the discharge end is connect with the crusher 3C, and the crusher 3C and Rinse section B connects It connects;The gas feed of the industrial dedusting device is connected to the inner cavity of screen drum cover 1a by pipeline 5a;The industrial dedusting device For bag filter 16a.Polluted gas can both be siphoned away in operation in this way, and clean gas is discharged after being filtered, Reduce the pollution to environment.Industrial dedusting device can be combined again with screen drum 3a, realizes the processing of dust, it is simple in structure, if It counts ingenious.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 8, the Rinse section B include it is sequentially connected wash cage 1B, rinsing device 2B and screening rinse Device 3B, wherein described one end cage 1B of washing is connect with the crusher 3C, and the other end is connect with the rinsing device 2B, this is washed The concrete structure of cage 1B can refer to application publication number to be implemented for the application for a patent for invention of CN103085194A.
Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the rinsing device 2B includes turbulent flow rinsing component, rectification rinsing component and potcher 1; The potcher 1 includes the turbulent section 2 and rectification section 3 that several alternate setting along water (flow) direction;Wherein, each described It is equipped with turbulent flow rinsing component in turbulent section 2, rectification rinsing component is equipped on each rectification section 3;The turbulent flow rinsing Component includes several rinsing medium nozzles 4 being arranged on potcher 1;Rectification rinsing component include roller 5, several Radially-directed piece and axially directed, the radially-directed piece and the axially directed outer circle being arranged in roller 5 that intersects On cylinder, the minimum point of the rectification rinsing component is less than the upper surface of the rinsing medium in potcher 1.
Referring to Fig. 6-Fig. 8, the screening flusher 3B includes holder 1b, the vibrating screen 2b that is arranged on holder 1b and Two power-driven mechanism 3b for driving vibrating screen 2b to vibrate, wherein the vibrating screen 2b includes the guide being obliquely installed Slot 2-1b, sieve 2-2b and for the guiding mechanism that guides away of the water containing impurity come will to be screened out in sieve 2-2b, Wherein, the sieve 2-2b is arranged in the deflector chute 2-1b, and constitutes the slot bottom of the deflector chute 2-1b;The vectoring aircraft Structure is arranged in the bottom of the sieve 2-2b and extends to the other end from one end of the sieve 2-2b along material conveying direction.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the dehydration briquetting part D includes sequentially connected dewaterer 3D, group machine drawing 2D and storing Tank.The effect of the dewaterer 3D is the material after rinsing being adequately dehydrated.The effect of described machine drawing 2D is Volume compression and granulation are carried out to soft chip material, since soft chip material is soft fluffy state, volume is big, is made by a pressure Grain can save space, convenient for storage and transport.(specific implementation mode of the dewaterer 3D, group machine drawing 2D and storage tank can Implement with reference to existing equipment, for example, group machine drawing 2D can refer to application publication number be CN102390098A " a kind of film dehydration subtracts Molten machine ").Described machine drawing 2D is connect with the screening flusher 3B by conveyer 1D.
Referring to Fig. 3, the industrial dedusting device is bag filter 16a, the gas feed of bag filter 16a and sieve The inner cavity of cylinder 3a is connected by pipeline 5a.Polluted gas is filtered by the filter cloth bag in bag filter 16a, is ensured The gas of discharge does not pollute the environment.The bag filter 16a can be implemented according to existing equipment.
Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the rinsing medium nozzle 4 at 1 beginning of potcher is arranged diagonally downward at 1 beginning of potcher On inner wall, and it is higher than rinsing medium.Pass through rinsing medium nozzle 4 as setting, it is ensured that the rinsing medium of ejection can act on In the material positioned at 1 beginning of potcher, material is avoided to be accumulated at 1 beginning of potcher, the rinsing medium nozzle 4 being arranged diagonally downward While material capable of being pushed forward, moreover it is possible to material be poured to certain depth in the rinsing medium of potcher 1, to improve drift Wash effect.
Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the rinsing medium nozzle 4 is connect by connecting tube with circulating pump, and the circulating pump draws water Mouth is arranged in potcher 1.It directly extracts the rinsing medium in potcher 1 by circulating pump to be rinsed material, on the one hand Rinsing medium can be saved, the flowing of the rinsing medium of turbulent section 2 on the other hand can be increased, builds more chaotic flow-like State is conducive to rinse out the polluter attached on material.
Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, rotation axis 6 is equipped among the roller 5, the rotation axis 6 and the power of rotational power mechanism are defeated Go out axis connection;The rotation axis 6 is rotatably connected in the two side walls of potcher 1.By the way that rotation axis 6 is arranged, convenient for roller 5 Rotation, is voluntarily rotated by rotational power mechanism driving drum 5, is increased the rotating torque of roller 5, is conducive to turbulent condition Rinsing medium is converted to rectification state.
Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the roller 5 is hollow cylindrical body, can mitigate the quality of roller 5 in this way.
Referring to Fig. 4, the radially-directed piece is the vertical baffle being radially arranged on 5 cylindrical surface of roller;The axial direction is led It is the circular arc baffle being axially disposed on 5 cylindrical surface of roller to piece.
Referring to Fig. 4, the inclined direction of the axially directed arc surface is with the rotation direction of roller 5 on the contrary, such axis To guide pin when stirring rinsing medium and material, the axially directed position (root) being connect with cylinder is introduced into rinsing and is situated between Then matter gradually extends to axially directed end, it is fierce that this mode into rinsing medium will not be generated with rinsing medium Impact, to not increasing the turbulent flow of rinsing medium, and the turbulent condition of rinsing medium can be alleviated, and be conducive to allow rinsing medium Become rectification state from turbulent condition.
Referring to Fig. 6-Fig. 8, the vibrating screen 2b further includes the push water pipe 2-3b being arranged in the upper ends the sieve 2-2b, should The nozzle for pushing water pipe 2-3b is arranged along deflector chute 2-1b inclined directions.Since the material after rinsing may also remain some Therefore impurity rinses material by the push water pipe 2-3b being arranged at the material inlet of the upper ends sieve 2-2b, can be further Ground removes remaining impurity in material, and push the flow that water pipe 2-3b sprays can be used as drive material from material into Mouth moves to the power source of material outlet.Further, since the material tool after rinsing is a bit sticky, therefore during the motion It is easy to be sticked together, therefore, the flow in the push water pipe 2-3b can break up the material being sticked together, to more Remaining impurity in material is removed well.
Referring to Fig. 6-Fig. 8, the guiding mechanism is made of guiding groove 2-4b, the side wall of the guiding groove 2-4b respectively with institute The side wall connection of deflector chute 2-1b is stated, and guiding groove 2-4b is extended to along the direction of Flow of Goods and Materials at material outlet, and The vertically extending portion extended straight down is provided at material outlet, the bottom in the vertically extending portion is provided with water outlet, should Water outlet is in communication with the outside by drainpipe.In this way, the guiding groove 2-4b can by material the water containing impurity and push away The water of flow pipe 2-3b is directed in the vertically extending portion and is discharged to outside by drainpipe.
Referring to Fig. 6-Fig. 8, the vertically extending portion of the guiding groove 2-4b is chamfered edge taper.Be conducive to increase in this way and vertically prolong In extending portion the water containing impurity water outlet pressure, so as to quickly by the water containing impurity from the guiding groove 2-4b Middle discharge.
Referring to Fig. 6-Fig. 8, the vibrating screen 2b is provided at the material outlet to dip down along material conveying direction Oblique guide surface 2-5b, the guide surface 2-5b is connect with the sieve 2-2b, for drawing the material reached at material outlet It leads in next rinsing device 2B and is rinsed again.
Referring to Fig. 6-Fig. 8, the vibrating screen 2b is vertically arranged with guide baffle 2-6b at the material inlet, described to lead The both ends of material baffle 2-6b are connect with the side wall of the deflector chute 2-1b respectively.It can prevent the vibrating screen 2b from vibrating in this way In the process, the material is fallen from material inlet.
Referring to Fig. 6-Fig. 8, the height of the side wall of the deflector chute 2-1b is gradually increased along the direction of Flow of Goods and Materials.Due to The deflector chute 2-1b is extended obliquely downward from material inlet to material outlet, this be easy to cause deflector chute 2-1b lower part because It accumulates excessive material and water level is caused to go up so that the water of the water containing impurity and push water pipe 2-3b are from deflector chute 2-1b It overflows.Therefore, by the way that the height of the side wall of deflector chute 2-1b to be sequentially increased along material movement direction, deflector chute can be prevented The water level of the lower parts 2-1b goes up and overflows deflector chute 2-1b.
Referring to Fig. 6-Fig. 8, the power-driven mechanism 3b includes being made of motor and cam mechanism, and the motor is mounted on On the holder 1b, the cam mechanism connection electric machine main shaft and vibrating screen 2b.In this way, motor is by driving cam mechanism to carry out Moisture in material in sieve 2-2b is shaken to drive deflector chute 2-1b up-down vibrations and falls on guiding mechanism by eccentric motion In, and be directed in external or collection device by guiding mechanism.
Referring to Fig. 6-Fig. 8, deflector chute 2-1b and guiding groove 2-4b in the vibrating screen 2b are an integral structure, the sieve Net 2-2b is assemblied in deflector chute 2-1b;The power-driven mechanism 3b is mounted on the bottom of the vibrating screen 2b.It in this way can be with So that the structure of entire screening flusher 3B is compacter, the assembly of the vibrating screen 2b is simpler, only need to be by sieve 2- 2b is at the link position of deflector chute 2-1b and guiding groove 2-4b, and the replacement of sieve 2-2b is convenient to.
Referring to Fig. 6-Fig. 8, the holder 1b includes bottom plate 1-1b and more support column 1- being arranged on bottom plate 1-1b Spring 1-3b is provided on 2b, support column 1-2b between the vibrating screen 2b, the both ends of the spring 1-3b connect respectively It is connected on the support column 1-2b and vibrating screen 2b.Be arranged the spring 1-3b purpose be to play the vibrating screen 2b it is slow Punching acts on, and prevents vibrating screen 2b from sharp impacts occur between the supporting pillar in vibration processes.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the rinsing device 2B and screening flusher 3B is two groups, wherein two groups of rinsing device 2B It is arranged in parallel;First group of rinsing device 2B, first group of screening flusher 3B, second group of rinsing device 2B and second The screening flusher 3B of group is sequentially connected;By defeated between described second group of screening flusher 3B and the dewaterer 3D Machine 1D connections, the conveyer 1D is sent to implement according to existing equipment.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 8, the operation principle of soft chip material reclaimer of the invention is:
Pending material is sent into broken segment C and pre-processes by material conveying mechanism 1C:It is first fed into shredder It carries out tearing up processing in 2C, lumps material is torn.Then broken material enters the screen drum 3a in impurity separate section A Carry out impurity separation:Since material is constantly beated in screen drum 3a, the largely dirt containing dust and material clast is generated Contaminate gas;But by the effect of the screen drum cover 1a, the polluted gas in screen drum 3a is kept off in the inner cavity of screen drum 3a, while industry The wind turbine 6a work of dust-extraction unit, by pipeline 5a by the polluted gas inspiration industrial dedusting device in screen drum 3a, the pollution Gas is discharged from gas vent again after industrial dedusting device is handled, thus by the dust and material breaking during screening operation Bits are filtered processing, to prevent polluting environment.Then, material enters in the crusher 3C and is crushed, and forms soft thin slice Material finally enters in rinsing device B.
In Rinse section B, soft chip material is rinsed in washing cage 1B first, the soft chip material after rinsing Into being rinsed in rinsing device 2B, detailed process is:
Soft chip material enters in the potcher 1, and the rinsing medium nozzle 4 in turbulent section 2 works so that turbulent section The flow regime of 2 rinsing medium is turbulent flow, at this point, being located at the soft chip material to be rinsed of turbulent section 2 in rinsing medium It scatters under the flushing for the rinsing medium that nozzle 4 sprays and irregularly waves forward on rinsing medium, soft chip material one Aspect is impacted by the rinsing medium sprayed from rinsing medium nozzle 4, on the other hand again by rinsing turbulent in potcher 1 Medium springs up percussion, so as to ensure that the soft chip material that will be close together is broken up out, and will attach light Polluter in soft chip material rinses;When these soft chip materials wave to rectification rinsing component at be prepared to enter into it is whole When flowing section 3, the roller 5 is rotated by rotational power mechanism, is arranged on 5 external cylindrical surface of roller in rotation process Axially directed these soft chip materials are depressed into rinsing medium, and float from the rear side of roller 5 so that this A little soft chip materials can obtain adequately contacting rinsing with rinsing medium, meanwhile, radially-directed piece limits soft thin slice Material runs and stops axial direction flowing of the rinsing medium along roller 5 along the axial string of roller 5 so that front is in turbulent condition Rinsing medium is after over commutation rinses the effect of component, and flow regime is converted to gentle rectification, and flows backward, to make Soft chip material is obtained to be rinsed on rinsing medium;After the rinsing of rectification section 3, and turbulent section 2 is gone successively to, floated It washes under the action of medium nozzle 4 and carries out random flushing;Soft chip material so circulate in potcher 1 be repeated it is disorderly The impact and rinsing of stream and rectification so that soft chip material rinses cleaner.
Soft chip material after rinsing, which enters in screening flusher 3B, goes the moisture removal, specific screening process to be:
The screening flusher 3B is provided with material inlet in the upper end of the deflector chute 2-1b, in the deflector chute 2- The lower end of 1b is provided with material outlet.Soft chip material after rinsing and the water containing impurity are entered from the material inlet In the sieve 2-2b, at this moment, soft chip material therein rests on sieve 2-2b, and the water containing impurity penetrates sieve 2- Sieve pore in 2b enters in the guiding mechanism, and power-driven mechanism 3b drives entire vibrating screen 2b vibrations so that contains impurity Water more quickly and thoroughly drop into guiding mechanism;Water containing impurity is collected and directed to outer by the guiding mechanism In boundary or collection device.Meanwhile during vibration, material also gradually moves at material outlet and enters next group of drift It washes part B and is rinsed and removed moisture content.
Finally, it rinses the soft chip material that finishes and is entered in dehydration briquetting part D via conveyer 1D and is dehydrated It is granulated with a pressure:Soft chip material initially enters to be dehydrated in dewaterer 3D, is subsequently entered and is compressed agglomerating in granule machine 2D and cut It is cut into graininess, and is collected by storage tank, finished product is obtained.
Embodiment 2
Referring to Fig. 9, the present embodiment difference from Example 1 is, the industrial dedusting device is cyclone separator 2a, The gas feed of cyclone separator 2a is connect with the inner cavity of the screen drum 3a by pipeline 5a.By wind turbine 6a by polluted gas It is sucked in cyclone separator 2a from screen drum 3a, the smaller dust of particle is isolated with the principle that proportion detaches, and will be in material Molecule be introduced into collecting bag, to realize the filtering of gas.The cyclone separator 2a can be implemented according to existing equipment.
Embodiment 3
Referring to Figure 10 and Figure 11, the present embodiment difference from Example 1 is, in screen drum 3a and bag filter 16a Gas feed between be equipped with several cyclone separators 2a.Bag filter 16a out of screen drum 3a suck polluted gas when, It is easy together to suck some molecules, and the setting of cyclone separator 2a, on the one hand polluted gas can be detached The particle that different specific weight is adulterated in polluted gas is separated, is convenient for subsequent recycling, on the other hand passes through whirlwind point by processing Partial particulate is separated from device 2a, mitigates the live load of bag filter 16a, extends the service life of bag filter 16a, Also ensure that the gas being finally discharged does not pollute the environment simultaneously.It is set between screen drum 3a and bag filter 16a in the present embodiment Two cyclone separator 2a are set.Wherein, the cyclone separator 2a being arranged in front is responsible for the heavier particle of disintegrate-quality, setting Cyclone separator 2a below is responsible for the lighter particle of disintegrate-quality.Two cyclone separator 2a are set, it can be by proportion not Same particle is separated, and recovery processing is easily facilitated.
Referring to Figure 10 and Figure 11, the link position of the screen drum cover 1a and pipeline 5a is arranged at top, in this way can be more preferable Ground siphons away the polluted gas in screen drum 3a, while when polluted gas is drawn at the top of screen drum 3a, can form parital vacuum, from And be conducive to promote to drive the unclassified stores particle in screen drum 3a to move up and down, be conducive to the screening of material.
Referring to Figure 12 and Figure 13, the supporting rack for being used to support screen drum 3a and screen drum cover 1a is equipped in the lower section of the screen drum 3a 8a, supporting rack 8a include that two connecting rod 13a being connect with screen drum cover 1a, two settings are used between two connecting rod 13a In the fixed frame 12a of the cross bar 15a for holding screen drum 3a and the conveyer belt 17a sieved for resting barrel;The fixed frame 12a is set It sets in the lower section of cross bar 15a.By the way that such supporting rack 8a is arranged in the lower section of screen drum 3a, convenient for screen drum 3a, screen drum cover 1a with And the fixation of the conveyer belt 17a.
Referring to Figure 12 and Figure 13, two fixing pieces for fixing screen drum 3a are respectively equipped on two cross bar 15a, Each fixing piece includes the link block 9a being connect with the cross bar 15a and idler wheel 10a being arranged on link block 9a;The screen drum 3a Both ends be individually positioned between the fixing piece on two cross bar 15a.By fixing piece as setting, screen drum 3a is enabled to It is rolled on fixed position, it is simple in structure and easy for installation.
Referring to Figure 12, the lower section of the fixed frame 12a is equipped with universal wheel 11a, is conducive to turning for the conveyer belt 17a in this way It moves, saves manpower.
Referring to Figure 12 and Figure 15, the screen drum cover 1a include two vertical component effect 1-1a for being separately positioned on the both sides screen drum 3a with And the arc sections 1-2a being arranged at the top of screen drum 3a;The arc sections 1-2a is connect with pipeline 5a;Described two vertical component effect 1-1a It is connect respectively with the top surface of connecting rod 13a.By screen drum cover 1a as setting, preferably the side of screen drum 3a can be wrapped It encloses, is conducive to siphon away polluted gas.
Referring to Figure 12 and Figure 14, assist shroud 7a is equipped between screen drum 3a and conveyer belt 17a, assist shroud 7a includes four Dust-proof guard;Four dust-proof guards slope inwardly, and are drawn close to the edge of conveyer belt 17a;Four dust-proof guards The middle dust-proof guard being arranged in both sides is connect with the bottom surface of two cross bar 15a respectively.By the way that above-mentioned assist shroud 7a, Neng Gouyu is arranged Screen drum cover 1a and conveyer belt 17a surround the side of screen drum 3a completely so that the polluted gas generated in operation process is as far as possible Ground is sucked away, and mitigates the pollution to environment;Meanwhile above-mentioned assist shroud 7a the particle screened out by screen drum 3a can be directed to it is defeated It send and is collected on band 17a, avoid falling on the ground.
Referring to Figure 12, the protective cover 4a for gravity flow screen barrel cover 1a, the side of protective cover 4a are equipped on supporting rack 8a It is close to one of screen drum cover 1a vertical component effect 1-1a;Support frame as described above 8a is equipped with for fixing consolidating for the protective cover 4a Fixed board 14a.By being equipped with the protective cover 4a on supporting rack 8a, be conducive to the fixation with screen drum cover 1a.
Referring to Figure 16, the screen drum cover 1a along several barrel cover sections 1-3a in connecting rod direction by being composed.Each It is physically fixed between barrel cover section 1-3a, such as bolt, hasp mode.
Embodiment 4
Referring to Figure 17 and Figure 18, the present embodiment difference from example 1 is that, the turbulent flow being located among potcher 1 Several described rinsing medium nozzles 4 of section 2 are arranged in the top of potcher 1, and are arranged along the width direction of potcher 1. Rinsing medium nozzle 4 generates percussion in the width direction of potcher 1 to material in this way so that 1 width side of potcher The material at upward each position can be impacted by rinsing medium in rinsing medium nozzle 4.
Referring to Figure 17 and Figure 18, each turbulent flow rinses width direction of the rinsing medium nozzle 4 in component along potcher 1 Arrangement, and in the width direction of potcher 1, it is located at the outlet of the rinsing medium nozzle 4 of center both sides towards potcher 1 The center of width direction.In this way, the rinsing that the rinsing medium nozzle 4 positioned at the width direction center both sides of potcher 1 sprays is situated between Matter will produce the flowing effect of different directions in the rinsing medium of potcher 1 so that the rinsing medium in potcher 1 is formed more Add confusing turbulent flow, and then improves wash effect.
Embodiment 5
Referring to Figure 19, the present embodiment difference from example 1 is that, be located at the institute of the turbulent section 2 among potcher 1 State that several rinsing medium nozzles 4 are arranged on the side wall of potcher 1 and the outlet of rinsing medium nozzle 4 downwardly rinses Jie Matter.
Above-mentioned is the preferable embodiment of the present invention, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited by the foregoing content, He it is any without departing from the spirit and principles of the present invention made by changes, modifications, substitutions, combinations, simplifications, should be The substitute mode of effect, is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of soft chip material reclaimer, including sequentially connected broken segment, impurity separate section, Rinse section and It is dehydrated briquetting part, which is characterized in that
The broken segment includes the shredder being connect with material conveying mechanism;
The impurity separate section includes the screen drum driving device of screen drum and driving screen drum rotation, wherein the wall of the screen drum It is equipped with sieve pore, the open at both ends of the screen drum, the wherein opening of one end are feed end, and the opening of the other end is discharge end, described Feed end is connect with the shredder, and the discharge end is connect with the Rinse section;
The Rinse section include it is sequentially connected wash cage, rinsing device and screening flusher, wherein
The rinsing device includes turbulent flow rinsing component, rectification rinsing component and potcher;The potcher includes several The turbulent section and rectification section of setting are alternateed along water (flow) direction;Wherein, it is equipped with turbulent rinsing in each turbulent section Component is each equipped with rectification rinsing component on the rectification section;The turbulent flow rinsing component includes being arranged on potcher Several rinsing medium nozzles;The rectification rinsing component includes roller and several radially-directed pieces, several described diameters It is arranged on the external cylindrical surface of roller along water (flow) direction to guide pin;The minimum point of the rectification rinsing component is less than potcher The upper surface of interior rinsing medium;
The dehydration briquetting part includes granule machine, and the granule machine is connect with the screening flusher by conveyer.
2. soft chip material reclaimer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the impurity separate section is also wrapped Include the screen drum cover and industrial dedusting device for covering side;Wherein, the gas feed of the industrial dedusting device and screen drum cover Inner cavity be connected to by pipeline;The industrial dedusting device is bag filter or/and cyclone separator.
3. soft chip material reclaimer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the rinsing device and screening are rushed Cleaning device is two groups, wherein two groups of rinsing devices are arranged in parallel;First group of rinsing device, first group of screening flusher, second Group rinsing device and second group of screening flusher are sequentially connected.
4. soft chip material reclaimer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be additionally provided with axial direction on the roller Guide pin;The radially-directed piece and axially directed, which intersect, to be arranged on the external cylindrical surface of roller.
5. soft chip material reclaimer according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the inner wall at the beginning of potcher It is equipped with rinsing medium nozzle, the rinsing medium nozzle inclination is down-set and higher than rinsing medium.
6. soft chip material reclaimer according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the turbulent section being located in potcher Several described rinsing medium nozzles be arranged in the top of potcher, and along the width direction of potcher arrange.
7. soft chip material reclaimer according to claim 6, which is characterized in that in each turbulent flow rinsing component Rinsing medium nozzle is arranged along the width direction of potcher, and in the width direction of potcher, is located at the drift of center both sides Wash center of the outlet of medium nozzle towards the width direction of potcher.
8. soft chip material reclaimer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the screening flusher includes Holder, the vibrating screen being arranged on holder and the power-driven mechanism for driving shaker vibration, wherein the vibrating screen Including deflector chute, the sieve and for the guiding that guides away of the water containing impurity come will to be screened out in sieve being obliquely installed Mechanism, wherein the sieve is arranged in the deflector chute, and constitutes the slot bottom of the deflector chute;The guiding mechanism setting In the bottom of the sieve and along material conveying direction the other end is extended to from one end of the sieve.
9. soft chip material reclaimer according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the vibrating screen further includes setting The nozzle of push water pipe in the sieve upper end, the push water pipe is arranged along the inclined direction of deflector chute.
10. soft chip material reclaimer according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the guiding mechanism is by guiding Slot is constituted, and the side wall of the guiding groove is connect with the side wall of the deflector chute respectively, and the guiding groove is along the side of Flow of Goods and Materials To extending at material outlet, and the vertically extending portion extended straight down is provided at material outlet, it is described vertically extending The bottom in portion is provided with water outlet, which is in communication with the outside by drainpipe.
CN201810426878.XA 2018-05-07 2018-05-07 A kind of soft chip material reclaimer Pending CN108543804A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810426878.XA CN108543804A (en) 2018-05-07 2018-05-07 A kind of soft chip material reclaimer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810426878.XA CN108543804A (en) 2018-05-07 2018-05-07 A kind of soft chip material reclaimer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108543804A true CN108543804A (en) 2018-09-18

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810426878.XA Pending CN108543804A (en) 2018-05-07 2018-05-07 A kind of soft chip material reclaimer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108543804A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111716590A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-09-29 浙江通恒环保科技有限公司 Automatic production process and equipment for green and environment-friendly PET bottle flakes

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111716590A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-09-29 浙江通恒环保科技有限公司 Automatic production process and equipment for green and environment-friendly PET bottle flakes

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