CN108541521A - A kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods - Google Patents

A kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108541521A
CN108541521A CN201810367799.6A CN201810367799A CN108541521A CN 108541521 A CN108541521 A CN 108541521A CN 201810367799 A CN201810367799 A CN 201810367799A CN 108541521 A CN108541521 A CN 108541521A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
green vegetables
plot
centimetres
kilograms
soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810367799.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡招昌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yunnan Mou Ding Tai Food Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Yunnan Mou Ding Tai Food Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yunnan Mou Ding Tai Food Co Ltd filed Critical Yunnan Mou Ding Tai Food Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810367799.6A priority Critical patent/CN108541521A/en
Publication of CN108541521A publication Critical patent/CN108541521A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • A01G13/0268Mats or sheets, e.g. nets or fabrics
    • A01G13/0275Films
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/15Leaf crops, e.g. lettuce or spinach 
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/34Nitriles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/44Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids containing at least one carboxylic group or a thio analogue, or a derivative thereof, and a nitrogen atom attached to the same carbon skeleton by a single or double bond, this nitrogen atom not being a member of a derivative or of a thio analogue of a carboxylic group, e.g. amino-carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/46N-acyl derivatives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N41/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a sulfur atom bound to a hetero atom
    • A01N41/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a sulfur atom bound to a hetero atom containing a sulfur-to-oxygen double bond
    • A01N41/04Sulfonic acids; Derivatives thereof
    • A01N41/08Sulfonic acid halides; alpha-Hydroxy-sulfonic acids; Amino-sulfonic acids; Thiosulfonic acids; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/72Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/74Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with nitrogen atoms and oxygen or sulfur atoms as ring hetero atoms five-membered rings with one nitrogen atom and either one oxygen atom or one sulfur atom in positions 1,3
    • A01N43/761,3-Oxazoles; Hydrogenated 1,3-oxazoles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N47/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid
    • A01N47/08Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom not being member of a ring and having no bond to a carbon or hydrogen atom, e.g. derivatives of carbonic acid the carbon atom having one or more single bonds to nitrogen atoms
    • A01N47/10Carbamic acid derivatives, i.e. containing the group —O—CO—N<; Thio analogues thereof
    • A01N47/12Carbamic acid derivatives, i.e. containing the group —O—CO—N<; Thio analogues thereof containing a —O—CO—N< group, or a thio analogue thereof, neither directly attached to a ring nor the nitrogen atom being a member of a heterocyclic ring
    • A01N47/14Di-thio analogues thereof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods, include the following steps:1)Site preparation and basal dressing:Fertile soil, thicker soil and the plot that the soil is porous is first selected to carry out ridging processing of digging, and the width of ridging is maintained at 70 centimetres, height is maintained at 15 centimetres, later last layer calcium lime powder is spread on plot surface again, sterilization and deinsectization process are carried out to the plot surface, finally again using 3 kilograms of organic nitrogenous fertilizers per acre, 10 kilograms of compound potassium sulfate fertilizers, 20 kilograms of phosphorus potassium complex fertilizers, 30 kilograms of calcium magnesium phosphate and 10 kilograms of diammonium phosphate fertilizers as base manure, uniform spreading is in plot, and compacting soil;2)Establish seedling bed:By step 1)The interior upper mulch of plot covering, and plot of deep ploughing again after 20 days, the implantation methods, have the characteristics that emergence survival rate is high and prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control effect is good.

Description

A kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating technical field, specially a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods.
Background technology
In the nursery production of vegetables, except root vegetables, beans and green vegetable class are in addition to direct sowing is produced, Remaining vegetables such as broccoli class, cabbage, solanaceous vegetables and it is melon will cultivate of the right age strong sprout and produced.For solanberry For class and melon vegetables, it is particularly important to cultivate high-quality of the right age strong sprout.And the effect of vegetables nursery, it is to create seedling growth hair The control environment educated, to cultivate high-quality of the right age strong sprout, vegetables can shorten the growth time in big field by nursery, increase The multiple crop index in soil, to improve the yield and economic benefit in land area of one unit, vegetables nursery can also be ripe ahead of time, increases Add the total output of vegetables and extend listing supply time, nursery is also one of the particular form of vegetables production, is cultivated high-quality suitable Age strong sprout is high yield, high-quality and efficient production key component.
But in existing implantation methods, there is a problem of emerging, survival rate is low and prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control effect difference.In seedling Growth course in, seedling can be caused to be difficult to survive because spacing in the rows is excessively close or fertilizer spray is improper often, and green vegetables are in harvest It often will appear a large amount of worm holes, and then influence its normal sale.Therefore, a kind of emergence survival rate of design is high and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is imitated The good green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods of fruit are necessary.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods, to solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology The problem of.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:A kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods, including such as Lower step:
1)Site preparation and basal dressing:Fertile soil, thicker soil and the plot that the soil is porous is first selected to carry out ridging processing of digging, and The width of ridging is maintained at 70 centimetres, is highly maintained at 15 centimetres, last layer calcium lime powder is spread on plot surface again later, to this Plot surface carries out sterilization and deinsectization process, finally again with 3 kilograms of organic nitrogenous fertilizers per acre, 10 kilograms of compound potassium sulfate fertilizers, 20,000 Gram phosphorus potassium complex fertilizer, 30 kilograms of calcium magnesium phosphate and 10 kilograms of diammonium phosphate fertilizers are base manure, and uniform spreading is compacted in plot Soil;
2)Establish seedling bed:By step 1)The interior upper mulch of plot covering, and plot of deep ploughing again after 20 days, tilling depth 15 Centimetre, it is later that intramassif soil is whole thin, and it is 2 meters to be organized into length, the compartment that width is 0.8 meter and height is 8 centimetres, and Two bar ditch are dug on compartment, the width of ditch is 20 centimetres, and the spacing between ditch and ditch is 5 centimetres, and the depth of ditch is 20 centimetres, finally The vegetation grieshoch of 2 cm thicks is inserted into ditch, then covers the river sand layer of 1 cm thick, then covers the sawdust layer of 1 cm thick, It pours into again in 5 kilograms of nutrient solution A to ditch, to obtain seedling bed;
3)Seed selection is handled:First the green vegetables seed of good quality and high output is put into sink and carries out Screening Treatment, and will be swum on the water surface Shrivelled, incomplete and mouldy green vegetables seed reject, remaining green vegetables seed is tedded 3 days again later, and is needed during tedding Every 6 hours are wanted to carry out tedding operation to green vegetables seed, to ensure that it is tedded uniformly fully, and then completes seed selection process;
4)Science is sowed:By step 3)Interior green vegetables seed carries out sowing processing for 20 centimetres with spacing in the rows, and the thickness of blinding is 1 li Rice needs to carry out the sprinkling irrigation of nutrient solution B twice to it sooner or later daily when green vegetables seed grows 3 true leaves, after emergence is neat, The sprinkling irrigation of one time of nutrition liquid B is carried out to it daily again, to ensure the emergence rate of green vegetables seed;
5)Field management:In the growth course of green vegetables, it need to carry out handling with shoveling, at water top dressing processing and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control Reason first operates to the 7th day progress first time shovel after green vegetables emergence, and to root out children's grass and the weeds in field, and shovels ground depth 3 centimetres are maintained at, in order to avoid hurting the root system position of green vegetables seedling, the 20th day after green vegetables emergence carries out second of shovel later Ground operates, and with the soil in loose field, and shovels ground depth and is maintained at 9 centimetres, with abundant scarifying soil, finally after green vegetables seal ridge Carry out within the 3rd day the ground operation of third time shovel, and shovel ground depth and be maintained at 5 centimetres so that the blade of green vegetables flexes outward, in order to avoid The upright blade of green vegetables grows and dew and rainwater is caused to deposit in leaf center portion position, so that the leaf centre rot of green vegetables is rotten, influences Its normal growth, and before second of shovel ground, it is primary in the dusk or early morning watering every 4 days, and after second of shovel ground, Every 2 days at dusk or early morning watering is primary, and at second of shovel ground, 15 kilograms are uniformly sprinkled into plot per acre has Machine nitrogenous fertilizer, and in green vegetables packet, 30 kilograms of organic nitrogenous fertilizer is uniformly sprinkled into plot per acre, later no longer top dressing, directly It grows and completes to green vegetables, and behind second of shovel ground, nutrient solution C need to be sprayed into plot every 3 days, to reach removing for depth Worm ensures the normal growth of green vegetables seedling;
6)Harvesting is handled:Green vegetables are collected into basket with the mode of hoe, spade or artificial hand-lifting, later with tap to it Root is rinsed, then carries out entire package to it with preservative film baling press, and is put into antistaling cabinet and is received and kept, and is waited to be transported And listing.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, the step 2)In mulch be a kind of colourless high pressure mulch.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, the step 2)The ingredient of middle nutrient solution A is 0.4g zinc nitrates wettable powder, 1.2g The mixed liquor of potassium sulfate wettable powder and 0.8g Bravos wettable powder and 1L clear water.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, the step 4)The ingredient of middle nutrient solution B is 3g amino acid solutions, 0.8g vitamins The mixed liquor of C aqueous solutions and 0.5g zinc oxalates aqueous solution and 1L clear water.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, the step 5)The ingredient of middle nutrient solution C is 0.7% Sandofan diluted after 600 times Aqueous solution dilutes 0.3% metalaxyl aqueous solution after 600 times, 0.8% Bravo aqueous solution after 600 times of dilution and dilution The mixed liquor of 0.7% fenaminosulf aqueous solution and 1L clear water after 1000 times.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, the step 6)In preservative film baling press be a kind of WCH-400 types Wei Er it is fast fresh-keeping Film baling press.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, the step 6)In antistaling cabinet be a kind of HX-16 Xing Ya gentries treasured antistaling cabinet.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1:The present invention first selects fertile soil, thicker soil and the plot that the soil is porous to carry out site preparation operation, and base manure is uniform Spreading in plot, cover upper mulch later, it is again that soil scarifying is whole thin after waiting for 20 days, and plot is scraped out into trench, and Vegetation grieshoch, river sand layer, sawdust layer are inserted into it and pours into nutrient solution A, green vegetables seed are screened and tedded later place Reason, and the green vegetables seed chosen is sowed with 20 centimetres of spacing in the rows, and nutrient solution B is sprayed, in order to avoid in the growth of seedling Cheng Zhong, can because spacing in the rows is excessively close or fertilizer spray is improper cause seedling to be difficult to survive the phenomenon that, substantially increase the plantation The emergence survival rate of method;
2:And in the growth course of green vegetables, it need to handle with being shoveled three times, repeatedly watering top dressing processing and multiple pest and disease damage are anti- Processing is controlled, and the black spot encountered in green vegetables growth course, downy mildew, soft rot, aphid and cabbage caterpillar etc. can be made by nutrient solution C Pest and disease damage problem is fully solved, and to ensure the normal growth of green vegetables seedling and avoid the occurrence of excessive worm hole, and then is influenced it and is gone out It sells, helps to improve the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control effect of the implantation methods.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods process flow chart of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1, the present invention provides a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods, include the following steps:
1)Site preparation and basal dressing:Fertile soil, thicker soil and the plot that the soil is porous is first selected to carry out ridging processing of digging, and The width of ridging is maintained at 70 centimetres, is highly maintained at 15 centimetres, last layer calcium lime powder is spread on plot surface again later, to this Plot surface carries out sterilization and deinsectization process, finally again with 3 kilograms of organic nitrogenous fertilizers per acre, 10 kilograms of compound potassium sulfate fertilizers, 20,000 Gram phosphorus potassium complex fertilizer, 30 kilograms of calcium magnesium phosphate and 10 kilograms of diammonium phosphate fertilizers are base manure, and uniform spreading is compacted in plot Soil;
2)Establish seedling bed:By step 1)The interior upper mulch of plot covering, and plot of deep ploughing again after 20 days, tilling depth 15 Centimetre, it is later that intramassif soil is whole thin, and it is 2 meters to be organized into length, the compartment that width is 0.8 meter and height is 8 centimetres, and Two bar ditch are dug on compartment, the width of ditch is 20 centimetres, and the spacing between ditch and ditch is 5 centimetres, and the depth of ditch is 20 centimetres, finally The vegetation grieshoch of 2 cm thicks is inserted into ditch, then covers the river sand layer of 1 cm thick, then covers the sawdust layer of 1 cm thick, It pours into again in 5 kilograms of nutrient solution A to ditch, to obtain seedling bed;
3)Seed selection is handled:First the green vegetables seed of good quality and high output is put into sink and carries out Screening Treatment, and will be swum on the water surface Shrivelled, incomplete and mouldy green vegetables seed reject, remaining green vegetables seed is tedded 3 days again later, and is needed during tedding Every 6 hours are wanted to carry out tedding operation to green vegetables seed, to ensure that it is tedded uniformly fully, and then completes seed selection process;
4)Science is sowed:By step 3)Interior green vegetables seed carries out sowing processing for 20 centimetres with spacing in the rows, and the thickness of blinding is 1 li Rice needs to carry out the sprinkling irrigation of nutrient solution B twice to it sooner or later daily when green vegetables seed grows 3 true leaves, after emergence is neat, The sprinkling irrigation of one time of nutrition liquid B is carried out to it daily again, to ensure the emergence rate of green vegetables seed;
5)Field management:In the growth course of green vegetables, it need to carry out handling with shoveling, at water top dressing processing and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control Reason first operates to the 7th day progress first time shovel after green vegetables emergence, and to root out children's grass and the weeds in field, and shovels ground depth 3 centimetres are maintained at, in order to avoid hurting the root system position of green vegetables seedling, the 20th day after green vegetables emergence carries out second of shovel later Ground operates, and with the soil in loose field, and shovels ground depth and is maintained at 9 centimetres, with abundant scarifying soil, finally after green vegetables seal ridge Carry out within the 3rd day the ground operation of third time shovel, and shovel ground depth and be maintained at 5 centimetres so that the blade of green vegetables flexes outward, in order to avoid The upright blade of green vegetables grows and dew and rainwater is caused to deposit in leaf center portion position, so that the leaf centre rot of green vegetables is rotten, influences Its normal growth, and before second of shovel ground, it is primary in the dusk or early morning watering every 4 days, and after second of shovel ground, Every 2 days at dusk or early morning watering is primary, and at second of shovel ground, 15 kilograms are uniformly sprinkled into plot per acre has Machine nitrogenous fertilizer, and in green vegetables packet, 30 kilograms of organic nitrogenous fertilizer is uniformly sprinkled into plot per acre, later no longer top dressing, directly It grows and completes to green vegetables, and behind second of shovel ground, nutrient solution C need to be sprayed into plot every 3 days, to reach removing for depth Worm ensures the normal growth of green vegetables seedling;
6)Harvesting is handled:Green vegetables are collected into basket with the mode of hoe, spade or artificial hand-lifting, later with tap to it Root is rinsed, then carries out entire package to it with preservative film baling press, and is put into antistaling cabinet and is received and kept, and is waited to be transported And listing.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, step 2)In mulch be a kind of colourless high pressure mulch.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, step 2)The ingredient of middle nutrient solution A is 0.4g zinc nitrates wettable powder, 1.2g sulfuric acid The mixed liquor of potassium wettable powder and 0.8g Bravos wettable powder and 1L clear water.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, step 4)The ingredient of middle nutrient solution B is 3g amino acid solutions, 0.8g vitamin C water The mixed liquor of solution and 0.5g zinc oxalates aqueous solution and 1L clear water.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, step 5)The ingredient of middle nutrient solution C is that 0.7% Sandofan after 600 times of dilution is water-soluble Liquid dilutes 0.3% metalaxyl aqueous solution after 600 times, 0.8% Bravo aqueous solution after 600 times of dilution and dilution 1000 The mixed liquor of 0.7% fenaminosulf aqueous solution and 1L clear water after times.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, step 6)In preservative film baling press be a kind of fast preservative films of WCH-400 types Wei Er beat Chartered plane.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, step 6)In antistaling cabinet be a kind of HX-16 Xing Ya gentries treasured antistaling cabinet.
Based on above-mentioned, it is an advantage of the current invention that fertile soil, thicker soil and the plot that the soil is porous is first selected to carry out Site preparation operates, and by the uniform spreading of base manure in plot, covers upper mulch later, again that soil scarifying is whole after waiting for 20 days Carefully, and by plot trench is scraped out, and inserts vegetation grieshoch, river sand layer, sawdust layer into it and pours into nutrient solution A, later to blueness Colza is screened and is tedded processing, and the green vegetables seed chosen is sowed with 20 centimetres of spacing in the rows, and sprays nutrition Liquid B, in order to avoid in the growth course of seedling, can because spacing in the rows is excessively close or fertilizer spray is improper cause seedling to be difficult to survive the phenomenon that Occur, substantially increases the emergence survival rate of the implantation methods;And in the growth course of green vegetables, it need to be shoveled and be located in three times Reason, repeatedly watering top dressing processing and repeatedly prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control processing, and by nutrient solution C can make to encounter in green vegetables growth course black The pest and disease damages problem such as pinta, downy mildew, soft rot, aphid and cabbage caterpillar is fully solved, to ensure the normal life of green vegetables seedling It grows and avoids the occurrence of excessive worm hole, and then influence its sale, help to improve the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control effect of the implantation methods.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with Understanding without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention can carry out these embodiments a variety of variations, modification, replace And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
1)Site preparation and basal dressing:Fertile soil, thicker soil and the plot that the soil is porous is first selected to carry out ridging processing of digging, and The width of ridging is maintained at 70 centimetres, is highly maintained at 15 centimetres, last layer calcium lime powder is spread on plot surface again later, to this Plot surface carries out sterilization and deinsectization process, finally again with 3 kilograms of organic nitrogenous fertilizers per acre, 10 kilograms of compound potassium sulfate fertilizers, 20,000 Gram phosphorus potassium complex fertilizer, 30 kilograms of calcium magnesium phosphate and 10 kilograms of diammonium phosphate fertilizers are base manure, and uniform spreading is compacted in plot Soil;
2)Establish seedling bed:By step 1)The interior upper mulch of plot covering, and plot of deep ploughing again after 20 days, tilling depth 15 Centimetre, it is later that intramassif soil is whole thin, and it is 2 meters to be organized into length, the compartment that width is 0.8 meter and height is 8 centimetres, and Two bar ditch are dug on compartment, the width of ditch is 20 centimetres, and the spacing between ditch and ditch is 5 centimetres, and the depth of ditch is 20 centimetres, finally The vegetation grieshoch of 2 cm thicks is inserted into ditch, then covers the river sand layer of 1 cm thick, then covers the sawdust layer of 1 cm thick, It pours into again in 5 kilograms of nutrient solution A to ditch;
3)Seed selection is handled:First the green vegetables seed of good quality and high output is put into sink and carries out Screening Treatment, and will be swum on the water surface Shrivelled, incomplete and mouldy green vegetables seed reject, remaining green vegetables seed is tedded 3 days again later, and is needed during tedding Every 6 hours are wanted to carry out tedding operation to green vegetables seed;
4)Science is sowed:By step 3)Interior green vegetables seed carries out sowing processing for 20 centimetres with spacing in the rows, and the thickness of blinding is 1 li Rice needs to carry out the sprinkling irrigation of nutrient solution B twice to it sooner or later daily when green vegetables seed grows 3 true leaves, after emergence is neat, The sprinkling irrigation of one time of nutrition liquid B is carried out to it daily again;
5)Field management:In the growth course of green vegetables, it need to carry out handling with shoveling, at water top dressing processing and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control Reason first operates to the 7th day progress first time shovel after green vegetables emergence, and to root out children's grass and the weeds in field, and shovels ground depth 3 centimetres are maintained at, in order to avoid hurting the root system position of green vegetables seedling, the 20th day after green vegetables emergence carries out second of shovel later Ground operates, and with the soil in loose field, and shovels ground depth and is maintained at 9 centimetres, with abundant scarifying soil, finally after green vegetables seal ridge Carry out within the 3rd day the ground operation of third time shovel, and shovel ground depth and be maintained at 5 centimetres so that the blade of green vegetables flexes outward, in order to avoid The upright blade of green vegetables grows and dew and rainwater is caused to deposit in leaf center portion position, so that the leaf centre rot of green vegetables is rotten, influences Its normal growth, and before second of shovel ground, it is primary in the dusk or early morning watering every 4 days, and after second of shovel ground, Every 2 days at dusk or early morning watering is primary, and at second of shovel ground, 15 kilograms are uniformly sprinkled into plot per acre has Machine nitrogenous fertilizer, and in green vegetables packet, 30 kilograms of organic nitrogenous fertilizer is uniformly sprinkled into plot per acre, later no longer top dressing, directly It grows and completes to green vegetables, and behind second of shovel ground, nutrient solution C need to be sprayed into plot every 3 days;
6)Harvesting is handled:Green vegetables are collected into basket with the mode of hoe, spade or artificial hand-lifting, later with tap to it Root is rinsed, then carries out entire package to it with preservative film baling press, and is put into antistaling cabinet and is received and kept, and is waited to be transported And listing.
2. a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 2)In mulch be A kind of colourless high pressure mulch.
3. a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 2)Middle nutrient solution A Ingredient be 0.4g zinc nitrates wettable powder, 1.2g potassium sulfates wettable powder and 0.8g Bravos wettable powder and 1L it is clear The mixed liquor of water.
4. a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 4)Middle nutrient solution B Ingredient be 3g amino acid solutions, 0.8g vitamin Cs aqueous solution and 0.5g zinc oxalates aqueous solution and 1L clear water mixed liquor.
5. a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 5)Middle nutrient solution C Ingredient be dilute 600 times after 0.7% Sandofan aqueous solution, dilution 600 times after 0.3% metalaxyl aqueous solution, dilution The mixing of 0.7% fenaminosulf aqueous solution and 1L clear water after 1000 times of 0.8% Bravo aqueous solution and dilution after 600 times Liquid.
6. a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 6)In preservative film Baling press is a kind of fast preservative film baling presses of WCH-400 types Wei Er.
7. a kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 6)In antistaling cabinet For a kind of HX-16 Xing Ya gentries treasured antistaling cabinet.
CN201810367799.6A 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods Pending CN108541521A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810367799.6A CN108541521A (en) 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810367799.6A CN108541521A (en) 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108541521A true CN108541521A (en) 2018-09-18

Family

ID=63512293

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810367799.6A Pending CN108541521A (en) 2018-04-23 2018-04-23 A kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108541521A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109042153A (en) * 2018-09-20 2018-12-21 江苏苏润种业有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of green vegetables seedling
CN111213577A (en) * 2018-11-26 2020-06-02 金沙县家家乐种植专业合作社 Rapid planting method for extra-small pot culture of zygocactus schneideriana
CN113099980A (en) * 2021-05-08 2021-07-13 上海市农业科学院 High-quality and light-weight simplified production method of green vegetables

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104542079A (en) * 2013-10-16 2015-04-29 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Method for processing drug-containing slow-release material and preventing and treating vegetable diseases and insect pests
CN106538249A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-03-29 卢平 A kind of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti nursery implantation methods
CN106613373A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-10 卢平 Pepper seedling raising and planting method
CN107473822A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-15 贵州省紫云自治县绿宏农业开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Chinese cabbage

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104542079A (en) * 2013-10-16 2015-04-29 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Method for processing drug-containing slow-release material and preventing and treating vegetable diseases and insect pests
CN106538249A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-03-29 卢平 A kind of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti nursery implantation methods
CN106613373A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-10 卢平 Pepper seedling raising and planting method
CN107473822A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-15 贵州省紫云自治县绿宏农业开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Chinese cabbage

Non-Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
任锡亮: "青菜无公害栽培技术", 《安徽农学通报》 *
刘云: "蔬菜三种高效种植模式", 《安徽农业》 *
周云芳等: "无公害白菜栽培技术", 《北京农业》 *
师惠芬: "《现代化蔬菜温室》", 30 April 1986, 上海科学技术出版社 *
林明胜: "辣椒地膜覆盖栽培技术", 《蔬菜》 *
王意成: "《图说家庭种菜入门》", 31 August 2011, 农村读物出版社 *
胡学玉: "不同青菜品种吸锌能力差异及与根系分泌物的关系", 《植物营养与肥料学报》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109042153A (en) * 2018-09-20 2018-12-21 江苏苏润种业有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of green vegetables seedling
CN111213577A (en) * 2018-11-26 2020-06-02 金沙县家家乐种植专业合作社 Rapid planting method for extra-small pot culture of zygocactus schneideriana
CN113099980A (en) * 2021-05-08 2021-07-13 上海市农业科学院 High-quality and light-weight simplified production method of green vegetables

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102986405B (en) Planting technology of potato-rice multiple cropping mode
CN105248118A (en) Method for planting Chinese chives
CN104396555A (en) Cultivation method for improving corn yield in saline-alkali land
CN105191654A (en) Intercropping cultivation method of corn and rice beans
CN105230319A (en) High-yield planting method for pumpkins
CN105309176A (en) A high-efficiency planting method for radix bupleuri
CN108541521A (en) A kind of green vegetables high efficiency seedling cultivating implantation methods
CN104094758A (en) Gorgon euryale seed and cress alternate cultivation method
CN105027935A (en) Peanut high-yield cultivation method
CN107094558A (en) A kind of method that use rye grass improves double cropping of rice yield with straw-returning section fertilizer
CN105191627A (en) High-yield spring peanut cultivation method
CN103597968A (en) Greenhouse efficient cultivation mode for early spring tomatoes, summer cowpeas and autumn Chinese parsleys
CN107079687A (en) A kind of semilate rice rape rotation high yield cultivating method
CN105638344A (en) Salt japonica 13 cultivation method
CN103766098A (en) Green Chinese onion planting method
CN105052484A (en) High-quality high-yield and high-efficiency cultivation method for onions
CN105474979A (en) Planting method of black peanuts
CN108739152A (en) A kind of cultural method recycling ciliate desert-grass interplanting corn
CN107667595A (en) A kind of heavy salinized wasteland quick improvement method
CN110012797B (en) Whole-course mechanized cultivation method for wheat with rice stubble
CN108157100A (en) A kind of excellent good implantation methods of production of radix pseudostellariae
CN110447490A (en) The method of Potato Multiple Cropping herbage
CN109831961A (en) A kind of irrigated area high-efficiency water-saving Potato Mechanization ridge film furrow irrigation implantation methods
CN109463230A (en) A method of breeding high-quality kuh-seng seed
CN109042180A (en) A kind of hot pickled mustard tuber high-yield planting method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20180918