CN108539411A - Housing unit, antenna module, the production method of antenna module and electronic equipment - Google Patents

Housing unit, antenna module, the production method of antenna module and electronic equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108539411A
CN108539411A CN201810284048.8A CN201810284048A CN108539411A CN 108539411 A CN108539411 A CN 108539411A CN 201810284048 A CN201810284048 A CN 201810284048A CN 108539411 A CN108539411 A CN 108539411A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
substrate
frame
groove
antenna structure
antenna
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810284048.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108539411B (en
Inventor
李飞飞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201810284048.8A priority Critical patent/CN108539411B/en
Publication of CN108539411A publication Critical patent/CN108539411A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108539411B publication Critical patent/CN108539411B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/44Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas using equipment having another main function to serve additionally as an antenna, e.g. means for giving an antenna an aesthetic aspect
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers
    • H04M1/02Constructional features of telephone sets
    • H04M1/0202Portable telephone sets, e.g. cordless phones, mobile phones or bar type handsets
    • H04M1/026Details of the structure or mounting of specific components

Abstract

The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of housing unit, antenna module, the production method of antenna module and electronic equipment.Wherein antenna module includes first substrate, second substrate and antenna structure;Second substrate is fixedly connected with first substrate, and second substrate is made of nonmetallic materials, and second substrate includes frame, and frame is looped around the periphery of first substrate, and frame setting is fluted;Antenna structure is arranged in groove.The embodiment of the present application can increase empty regions of the antenna structure in electronic equipment, promote the radiated signal strength of antenna structure.

Description

Housing unit, antenna module, the production method of antenna module and electronic equipment
Technical field
This application involves electronic technology field, more particularly to a kind of housing unit, antenna module, antenna module making side Method and electronic equipment.
Background technology
With the development of the communication technology, the electronic equipments such as smart mobile phone are more and more universal.In the use of electronic equipment In the process, such as using electronic equipment it converses.In order to promote speech quality, antenna structure can be increased in electronic equipment internal Empty regions.
However, as electronic functionalities are more and more, the space of electronic equipment is more and more limited, in electronic equipment internal The space of other devices will be occupied by increasing the empty regions of antenna structure, can influence electronics if not changing the size of electronic equipment The function of equipment can increase the size of electronic equipment in the case where not influencing electronic functionalities.
Invention content
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of housing unit, antenna module, the production method of antenna module and electronic equipment, can To improve electronic equipment signal strength.
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of housing unit, including:
First substrate;
Second substrate is fixedly connected with the first substrate, and the second substrate is made of nonmetallic materials, and described Two substrates include frame, and the frame is looped around the periphery of the first substrate, and the frame has groove, pacifies in the groove Equipped with sheet metal.
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of antenna module, including:
First substrate;
Second substrate is fixedly connected with the first substrate, and the second substrate is made of nonmetallic materials, and described Two substrates include frame, and the frame is looped around the periphery of the first substrate, and the frame has groove;
Antenna structure is arranged in the groove.
The embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of antenna module, including nonmetallic frame and antenna structure, and the frame has Groove, the antenna structure are arranged in the groove.
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of production method of antenna module, including:
First substrate is provided;
Nonmetallic second substrate is formed on the first substrate, the second substrate, which has, is looped around the metal edges The frame of frame periphery;
It is formed on the frame fluted;
Antenna structure is arranged in the groove.
The embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of production method of antenna module, including:
First substrate is provided;
Injection molding forms second substrate on the first substrate, and the second substrate, which has, is looped around the metal edge frame week The frame of edge;
Antenna structure is formed inside the frame, so that the antenna structure is embedded into inside the frame or insertion To the outer surface of the frame.
The embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of production method of antenna module, including:
First substrate and antenna structure are provided;
First substrate and antenna structure are located in a mold;
Injection molding forms second substrate in the mould, and the second substrate, which has, is looped around the metal edge frame periphery Frame, the antenna structure are embedded into inside the frame or on outer surface.
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of electronic equipment, including antenna module and circuit board, more than the antenna module is The antenna module, the circuit board are coupled with antenna structure.
Housing unit, antenna module, the production method of antenna module and electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application, by day Cable architecture is arranged in the groove of frame, in the case of electronic equipment size constancy, can increase antenna structure and be set in electronics Standby interior empty regions, promote the radiated signal strength of antenna structure.Meanwhile groove plays positioning to antenna structure and protection is made With.
Description of the drawings
In order to more clearly explain the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some embodiments of the present application, for For those skilled in the art, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other attached Figure.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 2 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of another electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 4 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 6 is the fractionation schematic diagram of antenna module in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of second substrate provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 8 is another structural schematic diagram of second substrate provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 9 be Fig. 8 in antenna module location A enlarged drawing.
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of third guard member provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of the first guard member and the second guard member provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 12 is first antenna structural schematic diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 13 is the second antenna structure view provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 14 is third antenna structural schematic diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 15 is the flow diagram of the production method of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 16 is another flow diagram of the production method of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 17 is another flow diagram of the production method of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 18 is another flow diagram of the production method of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 19 is another flow diagram of the production method of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 20 is another flow diagram of the production method of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 21 is the structural schematic diagram of housing unit provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present application, technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes.
Following disclosure provides many different embodiments or example is used for realizing the different structure of the application.In order to Simplify disclosure herein, hereinafter the component of specific examples and setting are described.Certainly, they are merely examples, and And purpose does not lie in limitation the application.In addition, the application can in different examples repeat reference numerals and/or reference letter, This repetition is for purposes of simplicity and clarity, itself not indicate between discussed various embodiments and/or setting Relationship.In addition, this application provides various specific techniques and material example, but those of ordinary skill in the art can be with Recognize the application of other techniques and/or the use of other materials.
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of housing unit, antenna module, the production method of antenna module and electronic equipment, should Antenna module can integrate in the electronic device, and the production method which may be used antenna module is made, the electronics Equipment can be the equipment such as smart mobile phone, tablet computer.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronic equipment 10 can To include cover board 11, display screen 12, circuit board 13, battery 14, shell 15, front camera 161, rear camera 162, fingerprint Unlocked state 17 and antenna structure 19.It should be noted that electronic equipment 10 shown in FIG. 1 is not limited to the above content, It can also include other devices, or including front camera 161 or not include rear camera 162, or not include fingerprint solution Lock module 17 etc..
Wherein, cover board 11 is installed on display screen 12, to cover display screen 12.Cover board 1 can be transparent glass cover plate, with Just display screen euphotic cover plate 11 is shown.In some embodiments, cover board 11 can be made of materials such as sapphires Glass cover-plate.
Wherein, shell 15 can form the exterior contour of electronic equipment 10.In some embodiments, which can wrap Center 151 and rear cover 152 are included, center 151 and the intercombination of rear cover 152 form the shell 15, and the center 151 and rear cover 152 can To form storage space, to store the devices such as circuit board 13, display screen 12, battery 14.Further, cover board 11 can be fixed to On shell 15, the cover board 11 and shell 15 form confined space, to accommodate the devices such as circuit board 13, display screen 12, battery 14. In some embodiments, the lid of cover board 11 is set on center 151, and the lid of rear cover 152 is set on center 151, and cover board 11 and rear cover 152 are located at The opposite face of center 151, cover board 11 and rear cover 152 are oppositely arranged.
In some embodiments, shell 15 can be the metals such as metal shell, such as magnesium alloy, stainless steel.It needs to illustrate , the material of the embodiment of the present application shell 15 is not limited to this, and can also use other manner, such as:Shell 15 can be Plastic casing.Also such as:Shell 15 is ceramic shell.For another example:Shell 15 may include plastic portions and metal part, shell 15 can be metal and the mutually matched shell structure of plastic cement, specifically, can first forming metal part, such as using injection molding Mode forms magnesium alloy substrate, and injection moulding plastic, formation plastic substrate then constitute complete shell knot again on magnesium alloy substrate Structure.It should be noted that the material and technique of the shell 15 are not limited to this, glass shell can also be used.
It should be noted that the structure of the embodiment of the present application shell is not limited to this, such as:Rear cover and center are integrally formed 15 structure of shell completed is formed, which directly has a storage space, for storing circuit board 13, display screen 12, electricity The devices such as pond 14.It should be noted that the shell 15 can also be named as housing unit.
Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, which can be the mainboard of electronic equipment 10, circuit board Motor, microphone, loud speaker, earphone interface, Universal Serial Bus Interface, front camera 161, postposition can be integrated on 13 One, two or more in the functional units such as camera 162, range sensor, ambient light sensor, receiver and processor It is a.
In some embodiments, which can be fixed in shell 15.Specifically, the circuit board 13 can pass through Screw is screwed on center 151, card can also be fitted on center 151 by the way of buckle.It should be noted that the application is real A circuit board 13 is applied specifically to be not limited to this fixed to the mode on center 151, can with other manner, such as by buckle and Screw fixed mode jointly.
Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, and battery 14 is electrically connected with the circuit board 13, with to electronic equipment 10 provide power supply.Shell 15 can be as the battery cover of battery 14.Shell 15 covers battery 14 to protect battery 14, particularly Rear cover covers battery 14 to protect battery 14, reduces collision of the battery 14 due to electronic equipment 10, the damage falling etc. and be subject to.
Wherein, antenna structure 19 is arranged on the outer surface of shell 15.In some embodiments, the setting of antenna structure 19 exists On the outer surface of center 151, in the case of 10 size constancy of electronic equipment, antenna structure 19 can be increased in electronic equipment 10 Internal empty regions.
Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, meanwhile, which is electrically connected on circuit board 13, with shape At the display surface of electronic equipment 10.The display screen 12 may include display area and non-display area.The display area can be used To show the picture of electronic equipment 10 or carry out touching manipulation etc. for user.The top area of the non-display area is opened up for sound The functional units such as fingerprint module, touch controlled key can be arranged on the non-display area bottom in the trepanning of sound and light conduction.Its In the cover board 11 be installed on display screen 12, to cover display screen 12, can be formed display area identical with display screen 12 and Non-display area can also form different display areas and non-display area.
It should be noted that the structure of the display screen 12 is not limited to this.For example, the display screen 12 can be abnormity screen.
Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronic equipment 20 include display screen 22, cover board 21, circuit board 23, battery 24, shell 25 and antenna structure 29.The electronic equipment 20 is set with electronics Standby 10 difference lies in:Display screen 22 is formed with light-permeable region 28 directly over.Such as:Display screen 22 is provided in thickness Side extends upward through the through-hole of display screen 22, which may include the through-hole, and preposition take the photograph can be arranged in lead to the hole site As functional units such as head 161, receiver, sensors.
It should be noted that the structure of display screen is not limited to this, such as:Display screen 22 is provided with non-display area, should Light-permeable region 28 may include the non-display area, which does not show.It should be noted that shell 25 can join Read shell 15, circuit board 23 can be refering to circuit board 13, and battery 24 can be refering to antenna refering to battery 14, antenna structure 29 Structure 19, details are not described herein.
Referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of another electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application, the electronics in Fig. 3 Equipment 30 may include display screen 32, cover board 31, circuit board 33, battery 34 and shell 35.The electronic equipment 30 and the above electronics Equipment difference lies in:Display screen 32 its periphery be arranged jagged 321, the notch 321 can place front camera 161, The functional units such as receiver, sensor.Wherein, cover board 31 is suitble to the structure setting of display screen 31, which can be in notch 321 321 position of notch can also be covered by big notch, the cover board 31 such as being arranged.It should be noted that shell 35 can refering to Upper shell 15, circuit board 33 can be refering to circuit boards 13, and battery 34 can be refering to antenna refering to battery 14, antenna structure 39 Structure 19, details are not described herein.
It should also be noted that, in some embodiments, display screen 12 can not also include non-display area, and be arranged to The functional units such as range sensor, ambient light sensor can be set to display screen lower section or other positions by screen structure comprehensively Place.Specifically, referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 4 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronics is set Standby 40 may include display screen 42, cover board 41, circuit board 43, battery 44 and shell 45.Wherein, display screen 42 is covered in shell 45 On, without non-display area.Wherein, cover board 41 is suitble to the size of display screen 42 to be arranged.It should be noted that shell 45 can With refering to shell 15, circuit board 43 can be refering to circuit board 13, and battery 44 can be refering to battery 14, and antenna structure 49 can be refering to Antenna structure 19, details are not described herein.
It is understood that as electronic functionalities are more and more, the device of electronic equipment internal installation is more and more, Additional device is installed toward electronic equipment internal in the case of electronic equipment size constancy additionally to occupy in electronic equipment Portion space can occupy the empty regions of antenna structure in electronic equipment in the actual production process, to influence antenna structure Radiation signal.In the case of additionally increasing electronic equipment size, keep antenna structure that there is good radiation signal, Antenna structure is mounted on center outer surface by the application, to form antenna module.It is carried out specifically by taking antenna module as an example below It is bright.
Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 are please referred to, Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application, and Fig. 6 is in Fig. 5 The fractionation schematic diagram of antenna module.The antenna module 50 may include first substrate 510, second substrate 520 and antenna structure 530.The antenna module 50 can be applied in above each electronic equipment.
Wherein, first substrate 510 can be platy structure.The first substrate 510 may be used metal material and be made, such as The technological formings such as magnesium alloy is molded, die cast, mechanical processing are molded.It should be noted that the first substrate 510 Concrete structure and material can be adjusted according to actual needs.
Wherein, second substrate 520 may be used plastic material and be made, for example the mode of injection molding may be used and be formed in first On substrate 510, to form complete insert structure, or perhaps middle frame structure.The second substrate 520 include frame 521 and The connection structure being formed on 521 inner surface of frame.
Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of second substrate provided by the embodiments of the present application.Wherein frame 521 is located at The marginal position of second substrate 520, the frame 511 are looped around the periphery of first substrate 510.The frame 521 is in injection molding It is fixedly connected with the periphery of first substrate 510 in journey.Wherein connection structure may include earphone base, camera shooting headstock etc..The connection Structure is extended to form from the internal direction of inner surface towards the center 521 of frame 521, which can be molded over the first base On plate 510, achieve a fixed connection.Wherein the inner surface of frame 521 is the surface of adjacent first substrate 510.
In some embodiments, which has first end 5201, the second end 5202, the first side 5203 and second side 5204.Wherein first end 5201 and the second end 5202 is oppositely arranged, the first side 5203 and second Side 5204 is oppositely arranged.The first end 5201 is connect with the first side 5203, the second side 5204 respectively, the first end 5201 and first form the first turning 5205 between side 5203, and is formed between the first end 5201 and the second side 5204 Two turnings 5206.The second end 5202 is connect with the first side 5203, the second side 5204 respectively, 5201 He of the second end Third turning 5207 is formed between first side 5203, and the 4th turning is formed between the second end 5202 and the second side 5204 5208.Wherein frame 521 has end identical with second substrate 520, side and turning.
In some embodiments, which is provided with the location hole 5218 at multiple intervals.
Wherein, antenna structure 530 is arranged in the periphery outer surface of frame 521, which can be with circuit board coupling It closes, which can realize antenna structure 530 and circuit board coupling by way of trepanning or fluting.To antenna structure 530 are located at the periphery outer surface of middle frame structure, and 530 outside of antenna structure is unobstructed, in the case of middle frame structure inconvenience, compares Antenna structure is set in the frame inner surface of middle frame structure, the empty regions of the application antenna structure 530 are equivalent to increase side Occupied space, i.e. the application can increase net frame 521 in the case of electronic equipment size inconvenience in the thickness direction thereof Empty region promotes the intensity of antenna structure radiation signal, and reduce other devices influences caused by antenna structure.
In some embodiments, antenna structure 530 can have there are one, two, three or more.Herein with three antennas It is illustrated for structure, is not the restriction to 530 quantity of antenna structure.Antenna structure 530 includes first antenna structure 531, the second antenna structure 532 and third antenna structure 533.Wherein first antenna structure 531 is arranged at the first turning 5205 Position, the first antenna structure 531 can receive and dispatch short distance communication signal.The setting of wherein the second antenna structure 532 is turned second 5201 position of angle 5206 and first end, the first antenna structure 531 and the second antenna structure 532 are disposed adjacent in first end 5201 position of portion, second antenna structure 532 can be used as diversity antenna, can also be used as main collection antenna.Wherein third antenna Structure 533 is arranged in 5202 position of third turning 5207, the 4th turning 5208 and the second end.The third antenna structure 533 Distributing point there are two can having, can form two radiators, to receive and dispatch the signal of different frequency range, the third antenna structure 533 Formed two radiators be used as diversity antenna, can also be used as main collection antenna, can also the main collection antenna of a conduct, one It is a to be used as diversity antenna.It should be noted that the third antenna structure 533 can also only have, there are one radiators, can make For diversity antenna, main collection antenna can also be used as.
In some embodiments, the length of first antenna structure 531 is less than the length of the second antenna structure 532.
It is understood that antenna structure 530 is arranged in the outer surface of frame 521, it can be easy to touch, be hit energetically Or antenna structure can be led to problems such as to play drum when collision, influence antenna performance.It, can in order to realize the protection to antenna structure 530 To spray one layer, two or more layers paint in the outer surface of antenna structure 530.It is of course also possible to after installing antenna structure 530 521 periphery outer surface of frame spray one layer, two or more layers paint.
The protection scheme of antenna structure 530 is not limited to this it should be noted that realizing.Such as:It is opened on frame 521 If groove.Specifically, also referring to Fig. 7 to Fig. 9, Fig. 8 is that another structure of second substrate provided by the embodiments of the present application is shown Be intended to, Fig. 9 be Fig. 8 in antenna module location A enlarged drawing.The periphery outer surface of the frame 521 open up it is fluted, groove from The outer peripheral edge of frame 521 is extended to form towards 521 inner surface direction of frame.The antenna structure 530 is arranged in groove.Such as: The groove includes the first groove 5211, the second groove 5212 and third groove 5213.The setting of wherein the first groove 5211 is the 5205 position of one end 5201 and the first turning, first groove 5211 store first antenna structure 531.Wherein the second groove 5212 settings store the second antenna structure 532 in 5206 position of first end 5202 and the second turning, second groove 5212. Wherein third groove 5213 is arranged in 5208 position of the second end 5202, third turning 5207 and the 4th turning, and the third is recessed Slot 5213 stores third antenna structure 533.
In some embodiments, first substrate 520 is formed with earphone between the first groove 5211 and the second groove 5212 Hole 523 and bulge loop 522, the through-hole 523 are used for accommodating earphone interface, which realizes the protection to earphone interface.
In some embodiments, each groove can be suitble to the shape of antenna structure, size setting, so that day knot The surface that structure is installed to groove internal antenna structure is flushed with jamb surface.
It should be noted that the mode for opening up groove on frame 510 is not limited to this, for example the groove is formed in the side On the inner surface of frame 510.The groove is formed in the periphery of the frame 510 for another example, which can be from the side direction of frame Another side direction extends to form.
It should also be noted that, the groove can also be used for the purpose of exposing the distributing point of antenna structure, note can be passed through The mode of modeling realizes that frame wraps up antenna structure.
Avoid the protrusion of antenna structure 530 in frame 521 from the foregoing, it will be observed that antenna structure 530 is installed in the groove of frame 521 Periphery outer surface, the outer surface of the outer surface of antenna structure 530 and frame 521 can flush to setting, reduce antenna structure The possibility of 530 damages.
In order to further enhance the protection to antenna structure 530.In some other embodiment, antenna module 50 can be with Including plastic material may be used and be made using guard member 540, the guard member 540 made of nonmetallic materials.The guard member 540 It can be arranged in 530 outer surface of 521 outer surface of frame and antenna structure, antenna structure 530 is covered.So that antenna Structure 530 is between guard member 540 and frame 521.Wherein the number of guard member 540 can be according to of antenna structure 530 Number is set, such as there are three the tools of guard member 540, respectively the first guard member 541, the second guard member 542 and third protection Part 543.
0 and Figure 11 are please referred to Fig.1, Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of third guard member provided by the embodiments of the present application, Figure 11 For the structural schematic diagram of the first guard member and the second guard member provided by the embodiments of the present application.Wherein the first guard member 541 lid is set In first antenna structure 531, first antenna structure 531 is covered on frame 521.Wherein the second guard member 542 lid is set On the second antenna structure 532, the second antenna structure 532 is covered on frame 520.The wherein lid of third guard member 543 is set In third antenna structure 533, third antenna structure 533 is covered on frame 520.
In some embodiments, which can protrude in the outer surface of frame 521, can also be with antenna structure 530 are installed along in groove, so that the periphery of guard member 540 is flushed with 521 periphery of frame.Further, frame 521 exists Groove location has bottom wall and the side wall around bottom wall, and side wall is in step structure in groove location, and frame 521 has in side wall The step surface of position, the step surface can carry guard member 540, i.e. guard member 540 is arranged on step surface.Specifically, please join Fig. 7 is read, frame 521 has side wall 5216 and bottom wall 5215 in 5212 position of the second groove in Fig. 7, and side wall 5215 is in Step-edge Junction Structure, frame 521 have the step surface 5214 in 5215 position of side wall.It should be noted that the frame 521 is in the first groove 531 Position side wall having the same, bottom wall and step surface, the second guard member 542 are arranged on the step surface.Please refer to Fig. 8 and figure Frame 521 has in the identical side wall in 533 position of third groove, 5216, bottom wall 5215 and step surface 5214 in 9, Fig. 8, the Three guard members 543 are arranged on the step surface 5214.
In some embodiments, frame 521 has in the inclined surface of groove location 5217, and the inclined surface 5217 is by side wall 5216 and the formation of bottom wall 5215, specifically, the inclined surface 5215 is extended to form along frame around 510 direction of first substrate.
In some embodiments, the thickness of the guard member 540 can be 0.01mm-0.4mm, such as the guard member 540 Thickness is 0.25mm-0.3mm.
In some embodiments, the end of the guard member 540 has protrusion, specifically, the end of the first guard member 540 With the first protrusion 5411, the end of second guard member 542 has the second protrusion 5421, the third guard member 543 End has third protrusion 5431.The location hole 5218 of the frame 521, it is convex to store the first protrusion 5411, second respectively Go out portion 5421 and third protrusion 5431.
In some embodiments, which is provided with the first notch 5412, second guard member 542 setting There is the second notch 5422, first notch 5412 and the second notch 5422 form a gap structure 529 to store bulge loop 522.It should Second guard member 542 can also offer the through-hole 5423 at multiple intervals, which can transmit voice signal.The third Guard member 5423 offers multiple spaced recess 5432, and certainly, which can also open up into through-hole structure.
In some embodiments, location structure can also be set in the guard member 540, location structure is located in frame On 510.
In some embodiments, antenna structure 530 may include steel disc, i.e., constitutes antenna structure 530 by steel disc with reality Existing receiving and transmitting signal.It should be noted that the thinner thickness of steel disc, for example the thickness of the steel disc is 0.1-0.3mm, further should The thickness of steel disc is 0.15mm-0.2mm, during installation, is easy deformation, influences signal.It in some embodiments, can be with It will be bonded plastic cement on steel disc, form the antenna structure that steel disc and plastic cement bond together.Specifically, please referring to Fig.1 2 to figure 14.Figure 12 is first antenna structural schematic diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application, and Figure 13 is second day provided by the embodiments of the present application Cable architecture schematic diagram, Figure 14 are third antenna structural schematic diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Wherein, which forms by the first steel disc 5311 is fixedly connected with the first plastic parts 5312, For example the first plastic parts 5312 is formed by way of injection molding on the first steel disc 5311.First plastic parts 5312 can be formed On the surface of the first steel disc 5311, the first steel disc 5311 is wrapped up.First plastic parts 5312 can also be formed in the first steel The periphery of piece 5311 is exposed outside by the outer surface of the first steel disc 5311 or/and inner surface.First plastic parts 5312 may be used also To be formed in outer surface or the inner surface of the first steel disc 5311.
Wherein, which forms by the second steel disc 5321 is fixedly connected with the second plastic parts 5322, For example the second plastic parts 5322 is formed by way of injection molding on the second steel disc 5321.Second plastic parts 5322 can be formed On the surface of the second steel disc 5321, the second steel disc 5321 is wrapped up.Second plastic parts 5322 can also be formed in the second steel The periphery of piece 5321 is exposed outside by the outer surface of the second steel disc 5321 or/and inner surface.Second plastic parts 5322 may be used also To be formed in outer surface or the inner surface of the second steel disc 5321.
Wherein, which forms by third steel disc 5331 is fixedly connected with third plastic parts 5332, For example third plastic parts 5332 is formed by way of injection molding on third steel disc 5331.The third plastic parts 5332 can be formed On the surface of third steel disc 5331, third steel disc 5331 is wrapped up.The third plastic parts 5332 can also be formed in third steel The periphery of piece 5331 is exposed outside by the outer surface of third steel disc 5331 or/and inner surface.The third plastic parts 5332 may be used also To be formed in outer surface or the inner surface of third steel disc 5331.
In some embodiments, the end of the first antenna structure 531 has the first lug boss 5313, second day knot There is the second lug boss 5323, the end of the third antenna structure 533 to have third protrusion portion 5333 for the end of structure 532.This One lug boss 5313, the second lug boss 5323 and third protrusion portion 5333 are housed in the location hole 5218 of frame 521.
It follows that antenna structure is wrapped in steel disc surface by plastic parts or is wrapped in steel disc periphery, not only realization pair The protection of steel disc reduces the impaired possibility of steel disc;But also steel disc intensity can be increased, reduce the possibility of steel disc deformation, Promote the signal strength of antenna structure.It is that antenna structure is mounted on frame outer surface or by day knot by the embodiment of the present application above Structure is mounted on inside frame, to increase the scheme of antenna structure empty regions, in order to further describe the application, below from antenna The direction of the production method of component is described.
Please refer to Fig.1 the flow diagram for the production method that 5, Figure 15 is antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.Knot Fig. 1 to 14 is closed, the production method of the antenna module includes:
In a step 101, first substrate is provided.Wherein first substrate can be metal substrate, such as magnesium alloy substrate, tool Having can be refering to the above content, and details are not described herein.
In a step 102, nonmetallic second substrate is formed on the first substrate, and second substrate, which has, is looped around the first base The frame of plate periphery.Plastic cement may be used in the second substrate, for example is being formed on the first substrate by way of injection molding.Wherein Second substrate and its frame can be refering to the above contents, and details are not described herein.
In step 103, groove is formed on frame.Groove can during being molded second substrate by mold at Type.The groove can also be molded after being molded second substrate by being machined.The groove can be formed in frame outer surface, side Portion or inner surface.The position of its further groove and its structure can be refering to the above contents, and details are not described herein.
At step 104, antenna structure is arranged in groove.Can after shaping groove by antenna structure be mounted on it is recessed In slot.The cooperation of antenna structure and antenna structure and groove can be refering to the above content, and details are not described herein.
It should be noted that the production method of the antenna structure is not limited to this.
Please refer to Fig.1 another flow signal for the production method that 6, Figure 16 is antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application Figure.Also referring to Fig. 1 to Figure 14, the production method of the antenna module includes:
In step 201, first substrate is provided.Wherein, first substrate can be refering to the above content, and details are not described herein.
In step 202, it is molded to form second substrate in first substrate, second substrate, which has, is looped around first substrate periphery Frame.After the molding of second substrate and first substrate middle frame structure can be formed, the second substrate and its matched with first substrate Conjunction can be refering to the above content, and details are not described herein.
In step 203, antenna structure is formed inside frame, so that antenna structure is embedded into inside frame or insertion To the outer surface of frame.During being molded second substrate, antenna structure can be embedded into modeling when second substrate is unformed In glue, plastic molding second substrate rear cover antenna structure is embedded into the outer surface or inside of frame.So as to increase a day knot The empty regions of structure promote the intensity of antenna structure radiation signal.
Please refer to Fig.1 another flow signal for the production method that 7, Figure 17 is antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application Figure.Also referring to Fig. 1 to Figure 14, the production method of the antenna module includes:
In step 301, first substrate and antenna structure are provided.Wherein first substrate and antenna structure can be refering to above Content, details are not described herein.
In step 302, first substrate and antenna structure are located in a mold.The structure of mould inside may be used It realizes and first substrate and antenna structure is positioned.
In step 303, injection molding forms second substrate in mold, and second substrate, which has, is looped around first substrate periphery Frame, antenna structure is embedded into inside frame or outer surface.So as to increase the empty regions of antenna structure, day knot is promoted The intensity of structure radiation signal.
Please refer to Fig.1 another flow signal for the production method that 8, Figure 18 is antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application Figure.Also referring to Fig. 1 to Figure 14, the production method of the antenna module includes:
In step 401, a metal base is provided, wherein metal base has metal substrate, connecting bridge and antenna structure, Connecting bridge is extended outward to form from metal substrate periphery, and metal substrate is connected with antenna structure by connecting bridge.The metal base The mode that mold injection may be used is formed, which can also be formed by the way of mechanical processing.The metal base Magnesium alloy processing procedure may be used.
In step 402, non-metal base plate is formed on metallic substrates, and non-metal base plate, which has, is looped around metal substrate week The frame of edge, antenna structure is formed inside frame or outer surface.Wherein non-metal base plate may be used plastic material and be made, this is non- Metal substrate can be refering to the above second substrate, and details are not described herein.
Wherein the antenna structure can be formed in non-metal base intralamellar part, be wrapped up by non-metal base plate, the antenna structure and The minimum range of non-metal base plate outer surface can be 0.02mm-0.4mm, such as 0.25mm-0.3mm.
In step 403, connecting bridge is removed, metal substrate and antenna structure are detached.Mechanical processing may be used Mode removes connecting bridge, can also be cut off connecting bridge by way of mechanical processing.Between the metal substrate and antenna structure It is fixedly connected by non-metal base plate, does not interfere with antenna structure radiation signal.The empty regions that antenna structure can be increased, carry The intensity of cable architecture of dying radiation signal.Wherein, metal substrate can join refering to the above first substrate, wherein antenna structure The above content is read, details are not described herein.The empty regions of antenna structure can be increased, promote the strong of antenna structure radiation signal Degree.
It, can be in whole appearance after metal substrate, non-metal base plate and antenna structure are fixedly connected to form antenna module Face or periphery carry out grinding process.Spray treatment can be carried out after grinding process, it can be with spray paint, to form skin of paint.
Please refer to Fig.1 another flow signal for the production method that 9, Figure 19 is antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application Figure.Also referring to Fig. 1 to Figure 14, the production method of the antenna module includes:
In step 501, steel disc and plastic cement are fixedly connected to form antenna structure.Unformed plastic cement can be adhered to Antenna structure is formed after being molded on steel disc, can also be molded on steel disc and form antenna structure.Wherein the antenna structure can join The above content is read, details are not described herein.
In step 502, first substrate and antenna structure are located in a mold.Wherein first substrate can refering to Upper content, details are not described herein.
In step 503, injection molding forms second substrate in mold, and wherein second substrate, which has, is looped around first substrate week The frame of edge, antenna structure are formed in frame periphery outer surface.The empty regions of antenna structure can be increased, promote antenna The intensity of structural radiation signal.Wherein, second substrate can be refering to the above content, and details are not described herein.
It, can be in whole outer surface after first substrate, second substrate and antenna structure are fixedly connected to form antenna module Or periphery carries out grinding process.Spray treatment can be carried out after grinding process, it can be with spray paint, to form skin of paint.
Figure 20 is please referred to, Figure 20 is another flow signal of the production method of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application Figure.Also referring to Fig. 1 to Figure 14, the production method of the antenna module includes:
In step 601, steel disc and plastic cement are fixedly connected to form antenna structure.Unformed plastic cement can be adhered to Antenna structure is formed after being molded on steel disc, can also be molded on steel disc and form antenna structure.Wherein the antenna structure can join The above content is read, details are not described herein.
In step 602, injection molding forms second substrate on the first substrate, and second substrate, which has, is looped around first substrate week The frame of edge.Wherein, first substrate and second substrate can be refering to the above contents, and details are not described herein.
In step 603, antenna structure is fixed on frame periphery outer surface.Antenna structure and frame can be carried out a little Glue processing, frame periphery outer surface is fixed on by antenna structure.The empty regions of antenna structure can be increased, promote day knot The intensity of structure radiation signal.
It, can be in whole outer surface after first substrate, second substrate and antenna structure are fixedly connected to form antenna module Or periphery carries out grinding process.Spray treatment can be carried out after grinding process, it can be with spray paint, to form skin of paint.
It follows that antenna structure is installed to the periphery appearance for avoiding antenna structure protrusion in frame in the groove of frame The outer surface of the outer surface of antenna structure and frame can be flushed setting by face, reduce the possibility of antenna structure damage.Together When, antenna structure can be located inside periphery outer surface or the frame of frame, i.e. the outer surface or inside of middle frame structure, the antenna Structural outer is unobstructed, and in the case of middle frame structure inconvenience, antenna structure is arranged compared to the frame inner surface in middle frame structure, Equivalent to increase frame, occupied space, i.e. the application's empty regions of the application antenna structure exist in the thickness direction thereof In the case of electronic equipment size inconvenience, empty regions can be increased, the intensity of antenna structure radiation signal is promoted, reduce other Device is influenced caused by antenna structure.
In some embodiments, Figure 21 is please referred to, Figure 21 is the structural representation of housing unit provided by the embodiments of the present application Figure.The housing unit 600 may include first substrate 610, second substrate 620 and sheet metal 630.
Wherein, first substrate 610 may be used metal material and be made, specifically can be refering to first substrate 510.
Wherein, second substrate 620 is made of nonmetallic materials.The second substrate 620 includes frame 621, the frame 621 It is looped around the periphery of first substrate 610, which is arranged fluted 6211.The groove 6211 can be the knots such as bar shaped, arc Structure.In some embodiments, which can be two, three or more.It should be noted that the second substrate 620 Can be refering to the above second substrate 520, which can be refering to upper side frame 521, which can be refering to fovea superior Slot.
Wherein, 630 conductive energy of sheet metal.During sheet metal 630 is installed to groove 6211, it can shift to an earlier date Opened up groove, then sheet metal 630 be mounted in groove 6211, can also during injection molding by plastic cement by metal Piece wraps up, so that sheet metal 630 is embedded into the groove 6211 of frame 621.In some embodiments, which can Think the structures such as bar shaped, arc.It should be noted that the sheet metal 630 can be refering to the above steel disc.
Housing unit provided by the embodiments of the present application, antenna module, the production method of antenna module and electronics are set above Standby to be described in detail, specific examples are used herein to illustrate the principle and implementation manner of the present application, above The explanation of embodiment is merely used to help understand the application.Meanwhile for those skilled in the art, the think of according to the application Think, there will be changes in the specific implementation manner and application range, in conclusion the content of the present specification should not be construed as pair The limitation of the application.

Claims (17)

1. a kind of housing unit, which is characterized in that including:
First substrate;
Second substrate is fixedly connected with the first substrate, and the second substrate is made of nonmetallic materials, second base Plate includes frame, and the frame is looped around the periphery of the first substrate, and the frame has groove, is equipped in the groove Sheet metal.
2. housing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the groove is from the outer peripheral edge of the frame towards institute Frame inner surface direction is stated to extend to form.
3. housing unit according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the frame has the bottom wall in the groove location And side wall, the side wall form the groove around the bottom wall, and an inclined surface is formed between the side wall and bottom wall, it is described to incline Inclined-plane is extended to form along the frame around the first substrate direction.
4. housing unit according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the frame has the bottom wall in the groove location And side wall, the side wall form the groove around the bottom wall, the bottom wall is arcuate structure.
5. housing unit according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the groove include the first groove, the second groove with And third groove;The frame has the first end and the second end being oppositely arranged, and first groove and the second groove are set It sets in the first end, the third groove is arranged in the second end.
6. a kind of antenna module, which is characterized in that including:
First substrate;
Second substrate is fixedly connected with the first substrate, and the second substrate is made of nonmetallic materials, second base Plate includes frame, and the frame is looped around the periphery of the first substrate, and the frame has groove;
Antenna structure is arranged in the groove.
7. antenna module according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the groove is from the outer peripheral edge of the frame towards institute It states frame inner surface direction to extend to form, the antenna structure is located at frame periphery outer surface.
8. antenna module according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the frame has the bottom wall in the groove location And side wall, the side wall form the groove around the bottom wall, and an inclined surface is formed between the side wall and bottom wall, it is described to incline Inclined-plane is extended to form along the frame around the first substrate direction, and the antenna structure extends on the inclined surface.
9. antenna module according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the frame has the bottom wall in the groove location And side wall, the side wall form the groove around the bottom wall, the bottom wall is arcuate structure, and the antenna structure is arc Structure.
10. antenna module according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the antenna structure includes first antenna structure, Two antenna structures and third antenna structure, the groove include the first groove, the second groove and third groove, described first Antenna structure is arranged in first groove, and second antenna structure is arranged in second groove, the third day Cable architecture is arranged in the third groove.
11. antenna module according to claim 10, which is characterized in that the frame has the first end being oppositely arranged And the second end, the first antenna structure and the second antenna structure are arranged in the first end, the third antenna structure It is arranged in the second end.
12. antenna module according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the groove is from the side of the frame towards separately One side direction extends to form.
13. a kind of production method of antenna module, which is characterized in that including:
First substrate is provided;
Nonmetallic second substrate is formed on the first substrate, the second substrate, which has, is looped around the first substrate week The frame of edge;
Groove is formed on the frame;
Antenna structure is arranged in the groove.
14. a kind of production method of antenna module, which is characterized in that including:
First substrate is provided;
Injection molding forms second substrate on the first substrate, and the second substrate, which has, is looped around the first substrate periphery Frame;
Antenna structure is formed inside the frame, so that the antenna structure is embedded into inside the frame or outer surface.
15. a kind of production method of antenna module, which is characterized in that including:
First substrate and antenna structure are provided;
First substrate and antenna structure are located in a mold;
Injection molding forms second substrate in the mould, and the second substrate has the side for being looped around the first substrate periphery Frame, the antenna structure is embedded into inside the frame or outer surface.
16. a kind of electronic equipment, which is characterized in that including:Antenna module and circuit board, the antenna module are claim 6 To the antenna module described in 12, the circuit board is coupled with antenna structure.
17. a kind of antenna module, which is characterized in that including nonmetallic frame and antenna structure, the frame has groove, described Antenna structure is arranged in the groove.
CN201810284048.8A 2018-04-02 2018-04-02 Shell assembly, antenna assembly, manufacturing method of antenna assembly and electronic equipment Active CN108539411B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110650605A (en) * 2019-09-18 2020-01-03 Oppo广东移动通信有限公司 Shell assembly, preparation method thereof and electronic equipment
CN110718743A (en) * 2019-10-16 2020-01-21 安费诺永亿(海盐)通讯电子有限公司 Multiple injection molding antenna and preparation process thereof
CN111752342A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-10-09 合肥联宝信息技术有限公司 Electronic equipment

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CN107069179A (en) * 2017-01-25 2017-08-18 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 Housing, method for producing shell, antenna assembly and mobile terminal
CN107148188A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-09-08 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 Preparation method, housing unit and the mobile terminal of housing unit
US20180062245A1 (en) * 2016-09-01 2018-03-01 Pegatron Corporation Wearable electronic device
CN107819193A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-03-20 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 Terminal

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103606733A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-26 优能通信科技(杭州)有限公司 Injection-molded antenna
US20180062245A1 (en) * 2016-09-01 2018-03-01 Pegatron Corporation Wearable electronic device
CN107069179A (en) * 2017-01-25 2017-08-18 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 Housing, method for producing shell, antenna assembly and mobile terminal
CN107148188A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-09-08 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 Preparation method, housing unit and the mobile terminal of housing unit
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110650605A (en) * 2019-09-18 2020-01-03 Oppo广东移动通信有限公司 Shell assembly, preparation method thereof and electronic equipment
CN110718743A (en) * 2019-10-16 2020-01-21 安费诺永亿(海盐)通讯电子有限公司 Multiple injection molding antenna and preparation process thereof
CN111752342A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-10-09 合肥联宝信息技术有限公司 Electronic equipment

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