CN108516905A - A method of preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes - Google Patents

A method of preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108516905A
CN108516905A CN201810746700.3A CN201810746700A CN108516905A CN 108516905 A CN108516905 A CN 108516905A CN 201810746700 A CN201810746700 A CN 201810746700A CN 108516905 A CN108516905 A CN 108516905A
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organic fertilizer
fermentation
residue
nutrition
preparing organic
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付彦峰
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付彦峰
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of methods preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes, include the following steps:The pretreatment of agricultural waste material;The enzymolysis of Jujun grasses and willow branches and leaves;The fermentation of agricultural waste material, livestock and poultry cultivation night soil and enzymolysis product;The preparation of organic fertilizer.Agricultural waste material and livestock and poultry cultivation night soil preparing organic fertilizer by mixed fermentation are effectively avoided the limitation of single raw material by the present invention, and compared to for single fermenting raw materials, faster, fermentation time is short, overall cost is lower for fermentation starting speed;Jujun grasses are capable of providing plant growth promoter and root-growing agent with willow branches and leaves.In addition, organic fertilizer prepared by the present invention can dramatically increase the content of the nutrients such as the soil organism and phosphorus, potassium, quantity of useful microbe in nutrient conversion efficiency and product is improved, soil remediation, culture fertility are promoted, fertilizer application amount can be reduced, enhance the disease resistance of crop simultaneously, improve crop quality, reduces input, yield is improved, promotes to increase income.

Description

A method of preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes
Technical field
The invention belongs to microbial fermentation technical field of fertilizers, and in particular to it is a kind of using agriculture wastes prepare it is organic The method of fertilizer.
Background technology
With the fast development of Chinese society economy, agricultural modernization level improves increasingly, various special raisings, plantation Industry is surging forward throughout the country, not only enriches the market demand being growing, and has driven vast farmers income significantly Horizontal raising.The farming and animal husbandries such as proportion of crop planting, beef cattle, milk cattle cultivating have formed relatively complete industry in drug in some provinces area Structure, form from kind, support to postpartum preliminary working, product deep processing, high value added product extraction, both at home and abroad trade etc. one A whole set of industrial system.
It is important to note, however, that rural areas in our country remains, energy resource structure is unreasonable, environmental issue is increasingly tight The problems such as high, needs to give enough attention and solution.With the increase of crop acreage, the raising of planting technology, farming Species are planted the byproduct such as maize straw, soybean stalk etc. that brings and are increasingly increased, since wood fibre cellulose content is higher, quality compared with To be tough and tensile, moisture content is higher, is often discarded in field, dries burn-up, banks out or throw away on Around the house, canopy parting side In dump pit, some is even thrown into river, and above-mentioned processing method can all cause the propagation of the pollution and pathogen to environment, point Fire, which burns, then pollutes air, arbitrarily stacks and is then easy to grow pest and disease damage, becomes the important of the host, disease that pathogen depends on for existence Propagating source adds stalk enormous amount, lacks effective quick processing mode;The animal wastes that livestock culture generates, although Can directly apply fertilize the soil or through aerobic compost produce fertilizer, but there is also it is outdoor emit bad smell, multiply mosquitos and flies, pollution The problems such as living environment.
Agricultural wastes and cultivation excrement anaerobic fermentation are produced into organic fertilizer using agriculture probiotics, not only can effectively be disappeared It receives agricultural wastes, the cultivation solid waste such as excrement, and efficient, green high-quality organic fertilizer can also be produced, have very Significant economy and environmental benefit.
Invention content
A kind of method preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes provided by the invention solves agriculture in the prior art Waste enormous amount lacks effective quick processing mode, although the animal wastes that livestock culture generates can be applied directly Fertilize the soil or through aerobic compost produce fertilizer, but there are problems that it is outdoor emit bad smell, multiply mosquitos and flies, pollution living environment.
The present invention provides a kind of methods preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes, include the following steps:
Step 1, agricultural waste material is crushed, obtains agricultural waste material material residue;
Step 2, by Jujun grasses and willow branches and leaves according to 5:It is crushed after 1 mass ratio mixing, obtains nutrition material residue;Toward nutrition Acetic acid/sodium acetate buffer immersion the 60min for being equivalent to 5 times of nutrition material residue weight is added in material residue, is then charged with It is equivalent to the complex enzyme of nutrition material residue weight 1%, 5-8h is digested at 40-60 DEG C, enzymolysis finishes to obtain enzymolysis product;
Wherein, the complex enzyme by protease, cellulase and zytase according to 1:2:1 quality than mixed preparing and At;
Step 3, enzymolysis product, livestock and poultry cultivation night soil, fermenting agent in agriculture waste material slag, step 2 in step 1 are pressed According to 100-150:20-30:30-50:1 mass ratio is uniformly mixed, and obtains mixed fermentation material;Add water into mixed fermentation material, makes Its moisture content is placed in after being 50-60% at 50-60 DEG C again to ferment 10-12 days, dries tunning to aqueous after fermentation Then rate≤10% crushes, cross 40 mesh sieve, spare;
Wherein, the fermenting agent is by fermentation of bacillus subtilis bacterium solution, whiterot fungi zymocyte liquid, bacillus thuringiensis Zymocyte liquid is according to 3:2:1 mass ratio mixes;
Effective total viable count is 1.0 × 10 in the fermenting agent9-1.0×1011cfu/mL;
Step 4, by the tunning, plant ash, ammonium hydrogen carbonate, calcium superphosphate according to 80-100:5-10:3-5:1 Mass ratio is uniformly mixed to get to the organic fertilizer.
Preferably, the agricultural waste material is in rice husk, peanut shell, straw, stalk, sawdust, leaf, sawdust, weeds One or more.
Preferably, the section shape object that agricultural waste material material residue is 3-5cm in the step 1.
Preferably, the section shape object that nutrition material residue is 0.5-1cm in the step 2.
Preferably, the livestock and poultry cultivation night soil be freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement, fresh pig dung, fresh cow dung, fresh sheep manure, one kind in fresh horsehit or It is several.
Preferably, the prolease activity, the cellulase activity, the Xylanase activity are 6000- 7000U/mL。
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1) Jujun grasses, willow branches and leaves and agricultural waste material, livestock and poultry cultivation night soil co-fermentation, Jujun grasses are added in the present invention Containing abundant crude protein and crude fat, the fertility of organic fertilizer can be improved, more it is essential that Jujun grasses are a kind of growth energy The very strong plant of power, it was found that, plant can be promoted quick containing the substance for promoting plant growth in Jujun grasses extract Growth;Containing the substance for promoting plant establishment in branch of the willow extract, the two is used cooperatively, can promote plant Rapid Rooting, Growth.
2) present invention using bacillus subtilis, whiterot fungi, bacillus thuringiensis mixed fermentation bacterium solution as ferment Microbial inoculum, three is with the use of can efficiently ferment to raw material, in addition, bacillus thuringiensis is generally as pesticide-germicide Agent uses, and in the present invention system, bacillus thuringiensis can promote bacillus subtilis, whiterot fungi to crude protein, thick fat Fat, coarse-fibred degradation, make raw material be fermented into organic fertilizer rapidly, meanwhile, bacillus thuringiensis remains in system and can rise To the effect of pesticide-germicide.
3) agricultural waste material and two kinds of raw material mixed fermentations of livestock and poultry cultivation night soil are prepared biological organic fertilizer by the present invention, can The limitation of single raw material is effectively avoided, for agricultural waste material or the single fermenting raw materials of livestock and poultry cultivation night soil, fermentation Start speed faster, fermentation time is short, course of fermentation is more stable, overall cost is lower.
4) biological organic fertilizer that the present invention prepares can dramatically increase containing for the nutrients such as the soil organism and phosphorus, potassium Amount improves quantity of useful microbe in nutrient conversion efficiency and product, promotes soil remediation, culture fertility that can reduce fertilizer application Amount, while enhancing the disease resistance of crop, improve crop quality, reduce input, improves yield, promote to increase income.
Specific implementation mode
In order to enable those skilled in the art to more fully understand, technical scheme of the present invention is practiced, with reference to specific The invention will be further described for embodiment, but illustrated embodiment is not as a limitation of the invention.
Bacillus subtilis, whiterot fungi and bacillus thuringiensis strain used are in microbial bacteria in following embodiments The existing strain that kind preservation administrative center is commercially available, is not related to the exploitation of novel bacterial, pertains only to answering for these types of existing bacterial strain With.Also, bacillus subtilis as used in the following examples is specially that Chinese agriculture Microbiological Culture Collection administrative center is protected Hide the bacterial strain that number is ACCC 11089;Whiterot fungi is whiterot fungi T42, and specially China typical culture collection center preservation is compiled Number be CCTCC NO.M2012252 bacterial strain;Bacillus thuringiensis is bacillus thuringiensis BtR05, specially Chinese micro- Biological inoculum preservation administration committee common micro-organisms center deposit number is the bacterial strain of CGMCC NO.2823.
Fermentation of bacillus subtilis bacterium solution, whiterot fungi zymocyte liquid, bacillus thuringiensis zymocyte liquid are equal in embodiment It is obtained using conventional method culture, and test method described in following each embodiments, is conventional side unless otherwise specified Method.
Embodiment 1
A method of organic fertilizer being prepared using agriculture wastes, is specifically prepared in accordance with the following steps:
Step 1, agricultural waste material is ground into the section shape object of 3-5cm, obtains agricultural waste material material residue;
Step 2, by Jujun grasses and willow branches and leaves according to 5:It is ground into the section shape object of 0.5-1cm after 1 mass ratio mixing, obtains To nutrition material residue;Acetic acid/sodium acetate buffer the immersion for being equivalent to 5 times of nutrition material residue weight is added into nutrition material residue Then 60min is charged with the complex enzyme for being equivalent to nutrition material residue weight 1%, 8h is digested at 40 DEG C, and enzymolysis finishes to obtain Enzymolysis product;
Wherein, complex enzyme by protease, cellulase and zytase according to 1:2:1 quality is formed than mixed preparing;
Step 3, enzymolysis product, livestock and poultry cultivation night soil, fermenting agent in agriculture waste material slag, step 2 in step 1 are pressed According to 100:30:50:1 mass ratio is uniformly mixed, and obtains mixed fermentation material;Into mixed fermentation material plus water, its moisture content is set to be It is placed at 60 DEG C and ferments 10 days again after 50%, it is 5% to dry tunning to moisture content after fermentation, is then crushed, mistake 40 mesh sieve, spare;
Wherein, fermenting agent is fermented by fermentation of bacillus subtilis bacterium solution, whiterot fungi zymocyte liquid, bacillus thuringiensis Bacterium solution is according to 3:2:1 mass ratio mixes;
Effective total viable count is 1.0 × 10 in fermenting agent9-1.0×1011cfu/mL;
Step 4, by tunning, plant ash, ammonium hydrogen carbonate, calcium superphosphate according to 80:10:5:1 mass ratio mixing is equal It is even to get to organic fertilizer.
Embodiment 2
A method of organic fertilizer being prepared using agriculture wastes, is specifically prepared in accordance with the following steps:
Step 1, agricultural waste material is ground into the section shape object of 3-5cm, obtains agricultural waste material material residue;
Step 2, by Jujun grasses and willow branches and leaves according to 5:It is ground into the section shape object of 0.5-1cm after 1 mass ratio mixing, obtains To nutrition material residue;Acetic acid/sodium acetate buffer the immersion for being equivalent to 5 times of nutrition material residue weight is added into nutrition material residue Then 60min is charged with the complex enzyme for being equivalent to nutrition material residue weight 1%, 6h is digested at 50 DEG C, and enzymolysis finishes to obtain Enzymolysis product;
Wherein, complex enzyme by protease, cellulase and zytase according to 1:2:1 quality is formed than mixed preparing;
Step 3, enzymolysis product, livestock and poultry cultivation night soil, fermenting agent in agriculture waste material slag, step 2 in step 1 are pressed According to 150:20:30:1 mass ratio is uniformly mixed, and obtains mixed fermentation material;Into mixed fermentation material plus water, its moisture content is set to be It is placed at 55 DEG C and ferments 11 days again after 55%, it is 8% to dry tunning to moisture content after fermentation, is then crushed, mistake 40 mesh sieve, spare;
Wherein, fermenting agent is fermented by fermentation of bacillus subtilis bacterium solution, whiterot fungi zymocyte liquid, bacillus thuringiensis Bacterium solution is according to 3:2:1 mass ratio mixes;
Effective total viable count is 1.0 × 10 in fermenting agent9-1.0×1011cfu/mL;
Step 4, by tunning, plant ash, ammonium hydrogen carbonate, calcium superphosphate according to 100:5:3:1 mass ratio mixing is equal It is even to get to the organic fertilizer.
Embodiment 3
A method of organic fertilizer being prepared using agriculture wastes, is specifically prepared in accordance with the following steps:
Step 1, agricultural waste material is ground into the section shape object of 3-5cm, obtains agricultural waste material material residue;
Step 2, by Jujun grasses and willow branches and leaves according to 5:It is ground into the section shape object of 0.5-1cm after 1 mass ratio mixing, obtains To nutrition material residue;Acetic acid/sodium acetate buffer the immersion for being equivalent to 5 times of nutrition material residue weight is added into nutrition material residue Then 60min is charged with the complex enzyme for being equivalent to nutrition material residue weight 1%, 5h is digested at 60 DEG C, and enzymolysis finishes to obtain Enzymolysis product;
Wherein, complex enzyme by protease, cellulase and zytase according to 1:2:1 quality is formed than mixed preparing;
Step 3, enzymolysis product, livestock and poultry cultivation night soil, fermenting agent in agriculture waste material slag, step 2 in step 1 are pressed According to 120:25:40:1 mass ratio is uniformly mixed, and obtains mixed fermentation material;Into mixed fermentation material plus water, its moisture content is set to be It is placed at 50 DEG C and ferments 12 days again after 60%, it is 10% to dry tunning to moisture content after fermentation, is then crushed, mistake 40 mesh sieve, spare;
Wherein, fermenting agent is fermented by fermentation of bacillus subtilis bacterium solution, whiterot fungi zymocyte liquid, bacillus thuringiensis Bacterium solution is according to 3:2:1 mass ratio mixes;
Effective total viable count is 1.0 × 10 in fermenting agent9-1.0×1011cfu/mL;
Step 4, by tunning, plant ash, ammonium hydrogen carbonate, calcium superphosphate according to 90:8:4:1 mass ratio mixing is equal It is even to get to organic fertilizer.
It should be noted that agricultural waste material is rice husk, peanut shell, straw, stalk, sawdust, leaf, sawdust, weeds One or more of;
Livestock and poultry cultivation night soil is one or more of freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement, fresh pig dung, fresh cow dung, fresh sheep manure, fresh horsehit.
Explanation is needed further exist for, prolease activity, cellulase activity, Xylanase activity are 6000- 7000U/mL。
In order to further illustrate effect, the present invention is also provided with comparative example, specific as follows.
Comparative example 1
A method of organic fertilizer being prepared using agriculture wastes, is specifically prepared in accordance with the following steps:
Step 1, agricultural waste material is ground into the section shape object of 3-5cm, obtains agricultural waste material material residue;
Step 2, by agriculture waste material slag, livestock and poultry cultivation night soil, fermenting agent in step 1 according to 120:40:1 quality Than being uniformly mixed, mixed fermentation material is obtained;Add water into mixed fermentation material, being placed in 50 DEG C again after making its moisture content be 60% issues Ferment 12 days, it is 10% to dry tunning to moisture content after fermentation, is then crushed, and crosses 40 mesh sieve, spare;
Wherein, fermenting agent is fermented by fermentation of bacillus subtilis bacterium solution, whiterot fungi zymocyte liquid, bacillus thuringiensis Bacterium solution is according to 3:2:1 mass ratio mixes;
Effective total viable count is 1.0 × 10 in fermenting agent9-1.0×1011cfu/mL;
Step 3, by tunning, plant ash, ammonium hydrogen carbonate, calcium superphosphate according to 90:8:4:1 mass ratio mixing is equal It is even to get to organic fertilizer.
Application of the organic fertilizer prepared with reference to embodiment 1-3 and comparative example 1 in corn planting comes to the present invention Effect be described further, it is specific to test process and result is as follows.
Experimental subjects:50 mu of corn plantings, it is divided into five groups, every group 10 mu, wherein three groups are test group, applies respectively real Apply the organic fertilizer that a 1-3 is prepared;One group is control group, and using the organic fertilizer that comparative example 1 is prepared, last group is conventional right According to group, using common fertilizer.
Experimental method:It is tested under the conditions of same noiseless, plants corn of the same area in same season, simultaneously It applies fertilizer, and the organic fertilizer that embodiment 1-3 and comparative example 1 are prepared is applied as base manure, control group applies common farm manure As base manure.
Topsoil soils before acquisition applies respectively in experimentation and after harvest corn, analyze its basic physics and chemistry number Value, concrete outcome are shown in Table 1.
Table 1 applies front and back soil physico-chemical property
As it can be seen from table 1 in corn planting on soil after the organic fertilizer of embodiment 1-3, the physicochemical property of soil obtains Prodigious change is arrived, not only the content of Nutrient Elements in Soil increases significantly, and fertility greatly improves, and also reduces soil Unit weight increases soil porosity.The organic fertilizer of embodiment 1-3 supplements nutriment Jujun grasses and willow when fermentation Branches and leaves not only provide enough N to reduce C/N in fermentation stage, maintain microorganism normal growth, and remaining a large amount of Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium element can be also retained in the organic fertilizer that fermentation obtains, and disclosure satisfy that the needs of edaphon and plant growth.
Organic fertilizer is come out using conventional agricultural wastes and cultivation manure fermentation in comparative example 1, is not added huge Juncao and willow branches and leaves, therefore its nutritional ingredient is abundant not as good as embodiment 1-3, also not to the improvement of soil physical chemistry performance And embodiment 1-3's is good.
The application of Routine control group is common farm manure, nutritional ingredient substantially and comparative example 1 quite, therefore it is to soil The improvement of physicochemical property is also limited.
Before maize planting, in conjunction with site preparation, disposably ditch spread or spread manuer in holes respectively on five groups of corn planting experimental plots
Start seeding corn after embodiment 1-3, the organic fertilizer of comparative example 1 and conventional farm manure, wherein the corn of sowing Kind be Zheng Dan 958, the applied amount of organic fertilizer is 50kg/ mu, no longer apply during corn growth other fertilizer with Pesticide, records its disease incidence during corn growth, its yield is recorded after harvest corn, and concrete outcome is shown in Table 2.
2 maize diseases incidence of table and yield
Project Disease incidence (%) Corn yield (kg/hm2)
Embodiment 1 0.5 686.8
Embodiment 2 0.8 682.3
Embodiment 3 0.3 669.4
Comparative example 1 3.5 601.3
Routine control group 4.3 578.5
From table 2 it can be seen that after using the organic fertilizer maize planting of embodiment 1, relative to using common farm nanure planting Corn for, the output increased of corn 18.72%;It is general relative to application after the organic fertilizer maize planting of embodiment 2 For the corn of logical farm nanure planting, the output increased of corn 17.94%, after the organic fertilizer maize planting of embodiment 3, For the corn of the common farm nanure planting of application, the output increased of corn 15.71%;Using the organic of comparative example 1 After fertile maize planting, for the corn of the common farm nanure planting of application, the output increased of corn 3.94%, and it is conventional Control group yield is substantially suitable.
Because being added with Jujun grasses in the organic fertilizer of embodiment 1-3, therefore its nutritional ingredient is very abundant, disclosure satisfy that The demand of corn different stages of growth;Containing the substance for promoting maize rooting germination in branch of the willow, taking root for corn can be improved Germination percentage, it was found that, after organic fertilizer using embodiment 1-3, the germination percentage of corn basically reaches 95% or more, and applies After the organic fertilizer of comparative example 1 and Routine control group, corn germination rate is only 85% or so, to make the yield of corn by shadow It rings.
In addition, also contain bacillus thuringiensis in the organic fertilizer of embodiment 1-3, bacillus thuringiensis is generally as killing Worm fungicide uses, and in the present invention system, bacillus thuringiensis can promote bacillus subtilis, whiterot fungi to thick egg In vain, crude fat, coarse-fibred degradation, make raw material be fermented into organic fertilizer rapidly, meanwhile, bacillus thuringiensis remains in system It can play the role of pesticide-germicide, the disease during corn growth can be inhibited.
It can be seen that the organic fertilizer of the present invention can not only improve soil physico-chemical property, increase soil fertility, and then improves Crop yield, additionally it is possible to control the disease incidence during corn growth.
It should be noted that involved in description of the invention when numberical range, it is thus understood that two of each numberical range Any one numerical value can be selected between endpoint and two endpoints, since the step method of use is identical as embodiment 1-3, be It prevents from repeating, description of the invention preferred embodiment is created once a person skilled in the art knows basic Property concept, then additional changes and modifications may be made to these embodiments.So it includes excellent that the following claims are intended to be interpreted as It selects embodiment and falls into all change and modification of the scope of the invention.
Obviously, various changes and modifications can be made to the invention without departing from essence of the invention by those skilled in the art God and range.In this way, if these modifications and changes of the present invention belongs to the range of the claims in the present invention and its equivalent technologies Within, then the present invention is also intended to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of method preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes, which is characterized in that be specifically implemented according to the following steps:
Step 1, agricultural waste material is crushed, obtains agricultural waste material material residue;
Step 2, by Jujun grasses and willow branches and leaves according to 5:It is crushed after 1 mass ratio mixing, obtains nutrition material residue;Toward nutrition material residue It is middle that the acetic acid/sodium acetate buffer immersion 60min for being equivalent to 5 times of nutrition material residue weight is added, it is then charged with quite In the complex enzyme of nutrition material residue weight 1%, 5-8h is digested at 40-60 DEG C, enzymolysis finishes to obtain enzymolysis product;
Wherein, the complex enzyme by protease, cellulase and zytase according to 1:2:1 quality is formed than mixed preparing;
Step 3, by enzymolysis product in agriculture waste material slag, step 2 in step 1, livestock and poultry cultivation night soil, fermenting agent according to 100-150:20-30:30-50:1 mass ratio is uniformly mixed, and obtains mixed fermentation material;Add water into mixed fermentation material, makes it Moisture content is placed in after being 50-60% at 50-60 DEG C again to ferment 10-12 days, dries tunning to moisture content after fermentation ≤ 10%, it then crushes, crosses 40 mesh sieve, it is spare;
Wherein, the fermenting agent is fermented by fermentation of bacillus subtilis bacterium solution, whiterot fungi zymocyte liquid, bacillus thuringiensis Bacterium solution is according to 3:2:1 mass ratio mixes;
Effective total viable count is 1.0 × 10 in the fermenting agent9-1.0×1011cfu/mL;
Step 4, by the tunning, plant ash, ammonium hydrogen carbonate, calcium superphosphate according to 80-100:5-10:3-5:1 quality Than being uniformly mixed to get to the organic fertilizer.
2. the method according to claim 1 for preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes, which is characterized in that the farming Object waste is one or more of rice husk, peanut shell, straw, stalk, sawdust, leaf, sawdust, weeds.
3. the method according to claim 1 for preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes, which is characterized in that the step Agricultural waste material material residue is the section shape object of 3-5cm in 1.
4. the method according to claim 1 for preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes, which is characterized in that the step Nutrition material residue is the section shape object of 0.5-1cm in 2.
5. the method according to claim 1 for preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes, which is characterized in that the livestock and poultry Cultivation excrement is one or more of freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement, fresh pig dung, fresh cow dung, fresh sheep manure, fresh horsehit.
6. the method according to claim 1 for preparing organic fertilizer using agriculture wastes, which is characterized in that the albumen Enzyme activity, the cellulase activity, the Xylanase activity are 6000-7000U/mL.
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CN109053246A (en) * 2018-09-20 2018-12-21 鑫宏润(天津)农业生物技术服务有限公司 A kind of agricultural wastes enzymatic isolation method continous way rapid production of organic fertilizer technique
CN109136141A (en) * 2018-09-10 2019-01-04 延安大学 Jujun grasses plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria and its application
CN111165194A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-19 湖南省林业科学院 Three-dimensional cutting method for gardenia jasminoides

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