CN108514959A - A kind of cyclone separator - Google Patents

A kind of cyclone separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108514959A
CN108514959A CN201810160736.3A CN201810160736A CN108514959A CN 108514959 A CN108514959 A CN 108514959A CN 201810160736 A CN201810160736 A CN 201810160736A CN 108514959 A CN108514959 A CN 108514959A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
rotating member
flap
top plate
cyclone separator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810160736.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108514959B (en
Inventor
许开华
闫梨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GEM Co Ltd China
Jingmen GEM New Material Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GEM Co Ltd China
Jingmen GEM New Material Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by GEM Co Ltd China, Jingmen GEM New Material Co Ltd filed Critical GEM Co Ltd China
Priority to CN201810160736.3A priority Critical patent/CN108514959B/en
Publication of CN108514959A publication Critical patent/CN108514959A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108514959B publication Critical patent/CN108514959B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/08Vortex chamber constructions
    • B04C5/103Bodies or members, e.g. bulkheads, guides, in the vortex chamber
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C9/00Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C9/00Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks
    • B04C2009/004Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks with internal filters, in the cyclone chamber or in the vortex finder

Abstract

The present invention is suitable for field of lithium, a kind of cyclone separator is provided, including cylinder, the cylinder lower part is divided into tapered, the cylinder body bottom is provided with discharge port, the cylinder lateral wall is equipped with oblique import, in the oblique inlet communication to the cylinder, it is top plate at the top of the cylinder, the mounting of roof plate has discharge pipe, the discharge pipe stretches to inner barrel, it is provided with rotating member in the top plate, there is rolling bearing between the rotating member and the discharge pipe, the rotating member outer wall has a circle groove, the groove is caught on the top plate of cylinder, the rotating member bottom is equipped with a circle flap, the down-set circle filter screen in edge of the flap, it is additionally provided with driving motor on the top plate, the rotating member is located at the part above top plate and is cased with driving belt between the output shaft of driving motor.The filter screen rotated in the cyclone separator can once filter exhaust gas, and a small amount of material in exhaust gas is avoided to be discharged with air-flow;Moreover, the filter screen of rotation can be further driven to air-flow in the rotating speed of cylinder, the centrifugal force of dusty material is improved, the separating effect of powder is further strengthened.

Description

A kind of cyclone separator
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of lithium batteries more particularly to a kind of cyclone separators.
Background technology
Cyclone separator is a kind of equipment of the separation for gas-solid system or liquid-solid system.Operation principle is by gas Rotary motion caused by stream is introduced tangentially into, making, there is the solid particle of larger centrifugal inertial force or drop, which to get rid of to outside wall surface, separates. Being mainly characterized by for cyclone separator is simple in structure, operating flexibility is big, efficiency is higher, management and maintenance is convenient, cheap, is used for The dust for trapping 5~10 μm of diameter or more, is widely used in pharmaceuticals industry, and particularly suitable dust particles are thicker, dust content It is larger, under high temperature, condition of high voltage, also frequently as the interior separator of fluidized-bed reactor, or uses as preseparator, be work A kind of very wide separation equipment is applied in industry.
In anode material of lithium battery preparation process, spray drying process may be used, positive electrode is dried, positive material Material is after drying in spray drying tower, and positive electrode powder enters cyclone separator together in company with air-flow, in cyclone separator Carry out powder separation.The cyclone separator that current spray drying process uses is although simple in structure, at low cost, but separating effect Generally, and the price of positive electrode powder is more expensive, it is therefore necessary to cyclone separator is improved, so that with more Good powder separating effect.
Invention content
In view of the above problems, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of cyclone separators, it is intended to solve existing cyclonic separation The bad technical problem of device separating effect.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
The cyclone separator, including cylinder, the cylinder lower part are divided into tapered, and the cylinder body bottom is provided with discharge port, The cylinder lateral wall is equipped with oblique import, is top plate in the oblique inlet communication to the cylinder, at the top of the cylinder, described Mounting of roof plate has discharge pipe, the discharge pipe to stretch to inner barrel, is provided with rotating member in the top plate, the rotating member with There are rolling bearing, the rotating member outer wall to there is a circle groove, the groove to be caught on the top plate of cylinder between the discharge pipe, institute It states rotating member bottom and one circle flap is installed, the edge down-set one of the flap encloses filter screen, is additionally provided on the top plate Driving motor, the rotating member are located at the part above top plate and are cased with driving belt between the output shaft of driving motor.
Further, the flap center is formed down counterbore, and the heavy of the flap is just inserted into the rotating member bottom Kong Zhong, the flap are fixed by pull rod and the rotating member.
Further, the pull rod passes through flap, rotating member upwards in turn, and then top is screwed into locking nut.
Further, it is also equipped with holder above the cylinder, has shaft on the holder, two is fixed in the shaft Block disk, each disk border are fixed with a steel wire zipper, and there is hook in steel wire zipper end, is also fixed in the shaft There is down-set fan-shaped balance.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:In the present invention, rotatable filter screen is set in the cylinder of cyclone separator, is contained After oblique import enters in cylinder, air-flow moves the air-flow of positive electrode powder along cylinder inboard wall downward spiral, on the one hand, Powder particle is got rid of to cylinder inboard wall with centrifugal force during this, then drops down onto bottom, and the exhaust gas in air-flow then can be to cylinder Body center is moved, and is discharged then up along discharge pipe, into body centre position moving process, the filter screen of rotation Exhaust gas can once be filtered, a small amount of material in exhaust gas is avoided to be discharged with air-flow;On the other hand, the filter screen of rotation can be into One step drives air-flow in the rotating speed of cylinder, improves the centrifugal force of dusty material, further strengthens the separating effect of powder.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of cyclone separator provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is shaft, disk and fan-shaped balance location diagram.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, right The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.
In order to illustrate technical solutions according to the invention, illustrated below by specific embodiment.
Fig. 1 shows structure provided in an embodiment of the present invention, illustrates only for convenience of description and the embodiment of the present invention Relevant part.
As shown in Figure 1, the cyclone separator, including cylinder 1,1 lower part of the cylinder are divided into tapered, 1 bottom of the cylinder Portion is provided with discharge port 2, and 1 side wall of the cylinder is equipped with oblique import 3, and the oblique import 3 is connected in the cylinder 1, described 1 top of cylinder is top plate 4, and the top plate 4 is equipped with discharge pipe 5, and the discharge pipe 5 stretches to inside cylinder 1, the top plate 4 It is inside provided with rotating member 6, has rolling bearing 61,6 outer wall of the rotating member to have a circle between the rotating member 6 and the discharge pipe Groove, the groove are caught on the top plate 4 of cylinder 1, and 6 bottom of the rotating member is equipped with a circle flap 7, the side of the flap 7 Edge down-set one encloses filter screen 8, is additionally provided with driving motor 8 on the top plate 4, the rotating member 6 is located at the portion above top plate Divide and is cased with driving belt 9 between the output shaft of driving motor.
Driving motor drives rotating member rotation by driving belt, and rotation axis is arranged between the rotating member and discharge pipe It holds so that rotating member can be rotated smoothly around discharge pipe.The rotating member outer wall has a circle groove, the groove that can also hold It carries on a shoulder pole it and supports the effect of entire rotating member, flap and filter screen.
When work, the air-flow of the powder containing positive electrode is after oblique import enters in cylinder, and air-flow is along cylinder inboard wall spiral shell Rotation moves downward, on the one hand, powder particle is got rid of to cylinder inboard wall with centrifugal force during this, then drops down onto bottom, and gas Exhaust gas in stream can then be moved to body centre position, be discharged then up along discharge pipe, this is existing cyclone separator Operation principle does not repeat here, and the embodiment of the present invention is by being arranged rotatable filter screen, when gas is to body centre position In moving process, the filter screen of rotation can once filter gas, and a small amount of material in gas is avoided to be discharged with air-flow.Separately On the one hand, the filter screen of rotation can be further driven to air-flow in the rotating speed of cylinder, improve the centrifugal force of dusty material, further add The separating effect of strong powder.
Some positive electrode powder can be deposited after long-time use, on filter screen, need to return these positive electrodes at this time It receives.Specifically, in the present embodiment, 7 center of the flap is formed down counterbore, and the flap is just inserted into the rotating member bottom Counterbore in, the flap 7 is fixed by pull rod 71 and the rotating member 6, and the pull rod is upward through flap, rotation according to 71 times Part, then top be screwed into locking nut 72.When needing to recycle the positive electrode on filter screen, loosening locking nut, described turn Plate and filter screen integrally move down a distance, as shown in Figure 1.Then up and down intermittent driving pull rod move up and down so that flap and The whole vibration of filter screen, falls convenient for positive electrode.As a kind of easy type of drive, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 2, on the cylinder 1 Side is also equipped with holder 10, has shaft 11 on the holder 10, two pieces of disks 12, each disk 12 are fixed in the shaft 11 Edge is fixed with a steel wire zipper 13, and there is hook 14 in 13 end of steel wire zipper, is further fixed in the shaft 11 downwards The fan-shaped balance 15 of setting.In use, hook is hung at the top of pull rod, by manually swinging the fan-shaped balance 15, driving turns Axis rotates in certain amplitude, forms interval and pulls pull rod, plays vibrating effect.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention made by within refreshing and principle.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of cyclone separator, including cylinder, the cylinder lower part is divided into tapered, and the cylinder body bottom is provided with discharge port, institute It states cylinder lateral wall and is equipped with oblique import, be top plate, the top in the oblique inlet communication to the cylinder, at the top of the cylinder Plate is equipped with discharge pipe, and the discharge pipe stretches to inner barrel, which is characterized in that rotating member, institute are provided in the top plate Stating has rolling bearing between rotating member and the discharge pipe, the rotating member outer wall has a circle groove, the groove to be caught in cylinder Top plate on, the rotating member bottom is equipped with a circle flap, the down-set circle filter screen in edge of the flap, the top Driving motor is additionally provided on plate, the rotating member is located at the part above top plate and is cased with transmission between the output shaft of driving motor Belt.
2. cyclone separator as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the flap center is formed down counterbore, the rotation Part bottom is just inserted into the counterbore of the flap, and the flap is fixed by pull rod and the rotating member.
3. cyclone separator as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the pull rod passes through flap, rotating member upwards in turn, so Top is screwed into locking nut afterwards.
4. cyclone separator as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that be also equipped with holder, the holder above the cylinder On have shaft, two pieces of disks are fixed in the shaft, each disk border is fixed with a steel wire zipper, the steel wire zipper There is hook in end, and down-set fan-shaped balance is further fixed in the shaft.
CN201810160736.3A 2018-02-27 2018-02-27 Cyclone separator Active CN108514959B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810160736.3A CN108514959B (en) 2018-02-27 2018-02-27 Cyclone separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810160736.3A CN108514959B (en) 2018-02-27 2018-02-27 Cyclone separator

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108514959A true CN108514959A (en) 2018-09-11
CN108514959B CN108514959B (en) 2020-05-26

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111672642A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-09-18 舟山市海大科学技术研究院有限责任公司 Built-in cone net type oil-sewage separation swirler

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2690127Y (en) * 2004-04-23 2005-04-06 何培鎏 Vibrative cloth bag vacuum cleaner
CN201572688U (en) * 2009-12-25 2010-09-08 邵伟 Lime stone powder feeder impurity cyclone separator
CN102172459A (en) * 2011-01-25 2011-09-07 雷鸣 Rotary cyclone separator
CN202173859U (en) * 2011-07-21 2012-03-28 张鹤 Double filtration cyclone separator
CN203540236U (en) * 2013-06-25 2014-04-16 韶关市曲江盛大冶金渣环保科技开发有限公司 Back flushing vibration bag-type dust collector
CN203598956U (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-05-21 四川省宜宾惠美线业有限责任公司 Adjustable cyclone separator
KR20160108904A (en) * 2015-03-09 2016-09-21 (주)신영프레시젼 Cyclone for removing dust
CN106457267A (en) * 2014-08-29 2017-02-22 株式会社日清制粉集团本社 Cyclone device and classification method
CN106984432A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-28 安徽天诚环保机械有限公司 A kind of foundry's air cleaning unit

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2690127Y (en) * 2004-04-23 2005-04-06 何培鎏 Vibrative cloth bag vacuum cleaner
CN201572688U (en) * 2009-12-25 2010-09-08 邵伟 Lime stone powder feeder impurity cyclone separator
CN102172459A (en) * 2011-01-25 2011-09-07 雷鸣 Rotary cyclone separator
CN202173859U (en) * 2011-07-21 2012-03-28 张鹤 Double filtration cyclone separator
CN203540236U (en) * 2013-06-25 2014-04-16 韶关市曲江盛大冶金渣环保科技开发有限公司 Back flushing vibration bag-type dust collector
CN203598956U (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-05-21 四川省宜宾惠美线业有限责任公司 Adjustable cyclone separator
CN106457267A (en) * 2014-08-29 2017-02-22 株式会社日清制粉集团本社 Cyclone device and classification method
KR20160108904A (en) * 2015-03-09 2016-09-21 (주)신영프레시젼 Cyclone for removing dust
CN106984432A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-28 安徽天诚环保机械有限公司 A kind of foundry's air cleaning unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111672642A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-09-18 舟山市海大科学技术研究院有限责任公司 Built-in cone net type oil-sewage separation swirler

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