CN108497540B - Production and processing technology of puffed food - Google Patents

Production and processing technology of puffed food Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108497540B
CN108497540B CN201810321676.9A CN201810321676A CN108497540B CN 108497540 B CN108497540 B CN 108497540B CN 201810321676 A CN201810321676 A CN 201810321676A CN 108497540 B CN108497540 B CN 108497540B
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China
Prior art keywords
box
plate
puffed food
drying
copper sheet
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CN201810321676.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108497540A (en
Inventor
樊雪花
黄品德
吴承伟
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Shanghai Mint Health Technology Co.,Ltd.
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SHANGHAI BOOHEE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Priority to CN201810321676.9A priority Critical patent/CN108497540B/en
Publication of CN108497540A publication Critical patent/CN108497540A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23PSHAPING OR WORKING OF FOODSTUFFS, NOT FULLY COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS
    • A23P30/00Shaping or working of foodstuffs characterised by the process or apparatus
    • A23P30/30Puffing or expanding

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of food production, in particular to a production and processing technology of puffed food, which comprises the following steps: step one, cleaning and airing raw materials; secondly, placing the dried raw materials into a steam furnace, washing the raw materials at high temperature by high-temperature steam, and then air-drying the raw materials; step three, putting the air-dried raw materials into a grinder for grinding; feeding the crushed raw materials into a bulking machine for bulking; fifthly, feeding the puffed food after puffing treatment into drying equipment for drying treatment; and step six, conveying the dried puffed food into a bagging machine for packaging. The production processing technology utilizes high-temperature steam to cure the raw materials, and simultaneously realizes high-temperature sterilization of the raw materials and sugar content addition, so that the cane sugar can permeate into the food; meanwhile, the drying equipment adopted by the process can fully dry the puffed food, and the storage life of the puffed food is effectively prolonged.

Description

Production and processing technology of puffed food
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of food production, in particular to a production and processing technology of puffed food.
Background
Puffed food is a novel food appearing at the end of the sixties, and is also called extruded food, spray puffed food, light food and the like abroad. It is made up by using grain, potato and bean as main raw material, and making them undergo the processes of pressurization and heating treatment to make the volume of raw material self-expand and change internal structure, and making them pass through the processes of processing and forming. The food has porous and fluffy texture structure, crisp and sweet taste and certain nutritive value.
However, the traditional puffed food production equipment is manual or machine to scatter materials at fixed points before drying, so that the puffed food is accumulated together in the drying process, the puffed food is not uniformly distributed, the drying effect of the puffed food is poor, the puffed food is not easy to store, the stirring and seasoning are controlled manually, the electric energy is wasted, and the trouble and the labor are wasted.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides a production and processing technology of puffed food, which simplifies the traditional production technology, realizes high-temperature sterilization and sugar content addition of raw materials while curing the raw materials by using high-temperature steam, and enables sucrose to permeate into the food, thereby changing the defect that the traditional sugar added from the outside is easy to be imitated; meanwhile, the drying equipment adopted by the process can fully dry the puffed food, and the storage life of the puffed food is effectively prolonged.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a production and processing technology of puffed food comprises the following steps:
step one, cleaning raw materials, and then airing;
step two, putting the raw materials dried in the step one into a steam furnace, washing the raw materials at high temperature by high-temperature steam, and then drying the raw materials in the air; the high-temperature steam contains sucrose;
step three, putting the raw materials dried in the step two into a grinder for grinding;
step four, feeding the raw materials crushed in the step three into a bulking machine for bulking;
step five, conveying the puffed food subjected to puffing treatment in the step four into drying equipment for drying treatment;
step six, conveying the dried puffed food in the step five into a bagging machine, and filling the puffed food into a packaging bag by the bagging machine;
the drying equipment adopted in the fifth step comprises a stirring mechanism, a blanking mechanism, a discharging mechanism, a drying mechanism, a box body, an air inlet pipeline, a motor, a supporting mechanism, a driving mechanism and an automatic power connection mechanism; the bottom fixed connection of box is used for supporting the supporting mechanism of box, the lateral wall installation cross-section of box is the inlet air duct that is used for providing steam of trapezium structure, the top fixed connection of box is used for transferring the slope setting of puffed food the drop feed mechanism, the lateral wall of box with the lateral wall of drop feed mechanism is equipped with and is used for driving the actuating mechanism of drop feed mechanism, the side of box is equipped with a plurality of drying mechanism that are used for drying puffed food, the inside of box is equipped with the unloading mechanism that is used for carrying and unloading, the side-mounting of box is used for driving the motor of unloading mechanism, the lateral wall fixed connection of supporting mechanism is used for stirring puffed food and is the rabbling mechanism of puffed food flavouring, the side of box with the bottom installation of drying mechanism is used for controlling the automatic electricity mechanism that connects of rabbling mechanism, and the automatic power connection mechanism is electrically connected with the stirring mechanism.
Specifically, supporting mechanism includes support column and supporting seat, just bottom four corners department fixed connection of box is the rectangle structure the support column, and four the bottom of support column is equipped with the cross-section and is the trapezium structure the supporting seat realizes rightly the support of box increases overall structure's stability.
Specifically, drop feed mechanism includes sliding sleeve, mount and blowing board, just the top border department fixed connection of box the mount, just the side fixed connection of mount the sliding sleeve, just the inside sliding connection of sliding sleeve the blowing board realizes right the fixing of sliding sleeve.
Specifically, the top surface of sliding sleeve with the contained angle between the side of mount is 60, just the inside cavity of sliding sleeve realizes the flitch is in the inside of sliding sleeve slides.
Specifically, the driving mechanism comprises a mounting box, a toothed plate, a first gear, a connecting shaft, a fixing ring, a second gear, a rack and a sawtooth, the side wall of the sliding sleeve is fixedly connected with the mounting box which is hollow inside, the side wall of the sliding sleeve is fixedly connected with the side wall of the box, the mounting box is rotatably connected with the first gear, the side wall of the discharging plate is provided with the toothed plate, the toothed plate is meshed with the first gear, the side wall of the fixing frame is fixedly connected with the fixing ring, the bottom of the first gear is fixedly connected with the connecting shaft, the connecting shaft is rotatably connected with the fixing ring, the mounting box is rotatably connected with the second gear, the mounting box is slidably connected with the rack, the side wall of the rack is provided with the sawtooth, and the sawtooth is meshed with the second gear, and the rack is pulled to realize that the discharging plate stretches inside the sliding sleeve.
Specifically, the drying mechanism comprises fixing columns, a placing plate, an upper fixed plate, a connecting plate and a lower fixed plate, the box body is connected with the fixing columns in a rotating mode, the surface of each fixing column is fixedly connected with the placing plate in a rectangular structure, one ends of the fixing columns penetrate through the box body and the lower fixed plate and are fixedly connected with one ends of the connecting plate, the other ends of the connecting plate are rotatably connected with the upper fixed plate, the placing plates are three in number, and accordingly drying effects of the puffed food are improved.
Specifically, the automatic power connection mechanism comprises a power supply box, a clamping groove, a first copper sheet, a push rod, a second copper sheet, an insulation box and a power line, wherein one of the power supply box and the insulation box is fixedly connected to the bottom of the connecting plate, the push rod is installed on the side wall of the push rod, the side wall of the insulation box is provided with the second copper sheet which is of a triangular prism structure, the bottom of the second copper sheet is electrically connected with the power line, the side face of the box body is correspondingly installed on the insulation box, the clamping groove which is of a triangular structure is formed in the side wall of the power supply box, the second copper sheet is clamped with the clamping groove, the first copper sheet is arranged inside the power supply box, the first copper sheet is electrically connected with the second copper sheet, and the connecting plate is pulled to connect and disconnect the first copper sheet with the second copper sheet.
Specifically, unloading mechanism includes filter screen, conveyer belt, roller and lower flitch, just the inside of box is rotated and is connected two the roller, one of them the roller with the motor rotates to be connected, and two the surface winding of roller the conveyer belt, just the surface of conveyer belt is seted up the filter screen, just the inside of box is run through down the flitch, just the flitch is "eight" font structure down, realizes carrying and filtering the material under a set of stoving mechanism of bottommost.
Specifically, rabbling mechanism includes agitator, stirring leaf, unloading door and motor, just the lateral wall installation of support column the agitator, just the bottom installation of agitator the motor, just the inside of agitator with the motor rotates to be connected the stirring leaf, just the power cord with motor electric connection, just the lateral wall of agitator is seted up the unloading door is packed and is stirred the good puffed food of drying.
Specifically, the agitator is cylinder type structure, just the inside wall of agitator is octagon structure, makes puffed food be in the inside stirring of agitator is more even.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the production and processing technology simplifies the traditional production technology, realizes high-temperature sterilization and sugar content addition of the raw materials while curing the raw materials by using high-temperature steam, so that the sucrose can permeate into the food, thereby changing the defect that the traditional method for adding sugar from the outside is easy to copy; meanwhile, the drying equipment adopted by the process can fully dry the puffed food, and the storage life of the puffed food is effectively prolonged.
(2) According to the production and processing technology of the puffed food, the discharge mechanism is matched with the driving mechanism, so that when the puffed food is on the surface of the discharge plate, the rack is pulled to uniformly spray the puffed food on the surface of the discharge plate to the placing plate, the puffed food is uniformly heated, and the puffed food is convenient to store.
(3) According to the production and processing technology of the puffed food, the three groups of drying mechanisms are arranged, so that the puffed food is dried layer by layer, and the drying effect of the puffed food is improved.
(4) According to the production and processing technology of the puffed food, the automatic power connection mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the drying mechanism, when the drying mechanism at the bottom of the box body finishes drying, the upper connecting plate is moved, the first copper sheet and the second copper sheet are electrically connected through the push rod, the motor is rotated, the stirring blades are rotated, the placing plate is closed, the motor is disconnected from the power box, the stirring blades stop rotating, time and labor are saved, and electric energy is saved.
(5) According to the production and processing technology of the puffed food, the blanking mechanism is arranged inside the box body, so that the sealing effect of the box body is improved, a large amount of air leakage is avoided, and the blanking is facilitated.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a drying apparatus used in the process;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the structure of the portion B shown in FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the toothed plate, the first gear, the connecting shaft, the second gear and the rack shown in fig. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the drying mechanism shown in FIG. 1;
fig. 5 is an enlarged view of the structure of the part a shown in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. a stirring mechanism 11, a stirring barrel 12, a stirring blade 13, a blanking door 14, a motor 2, a blanking mechanism 21, a filter screen 22, a conveyor belt 23, a roller column 24, a blanking plate 3, a discharging mechanism 31, a sliding sleeve 32, a fixing frame 33, a blanking plate 4, a drying mechanism 41, a fixing column 42, a placing plate 43, an upper fixing plate 44, a connecting plate 45, a lower fixing plate 5, a box body 6, an air inlet pipeline 7, a motor 8, a supporting mechanism 81, a supporting column 82, a supporting seat 9, a driving mechanism 91, a mounting box 92, a toothed plate 93, a first gear 94, a connecting shaft 95, a fixing ring 96, a second gear 97, a rack 98, a sawtooth 9a, an automatic power connection mechanism 91a, a power supply box 92a, a clamping groove 93a, a first copper sheet 94a, a push rod 95a and a second copper sheet, 96a, an insulating box, 97a and a power line.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, the process for producing and processing the puffed food comprises the following steps:
step one, cleaning raw materials, and then airing;
step two, putting the raw materials dried in the step one into a steam furnace, washing the raw materials at high temperature by high-temperature steam, and then drying the raw materials in the air; the high-temperature steam contains sucrose; through high temperature steam with in adding raw and other materials sucrose, can realize the evenly distributed of sugar, compare in traditional mode by the outside sugar that adds, this method can make the sugar distribute more evenly, can avoid other people to imitate simultaneously, has played certain anti-fake effect.
Step three, putting the raw materials dried in the step two into a grinder for grinding;
step four, feeding the raw materials crushed in the step three into a bulking machine for bulking;
step five, conveying the puffed food subjected to puffing treatment in the step four into drying equipment for drying treatment;
step six, conveying the dried puffed food in the step five into a bagging machine, and filling the puffed food into a packaging bag by the bagging machine;
the drying equipment adopted in the fifth step comprises a stirring mechanism 1, a blanking mechanism 2, a discharging mechanism 3, a drying mechanism 4, a box body 5, an air inlet pipeline 6, a motor 7, a supporting mechanism 8, a driving mechanism 9 and an automatic power connection mechanism 9 a; the bottom fixed connection of box 5 is used for supporting the supporting mechanism 8 of box 8, the lateral wall mounting section of box 5 is the inlet duct 6 that is used for providing steam of trapezium structure, the top fixed connection of box 5 is used for transferring the slope setting of puffed food the drop feed mechanism 3, the lateral wall of box 5 with the lateral wall of drop feed mechanism 3 is equipped with and is used for driving the actuating mechanism 9 of drop feed mechanism 3, the side of box 5 is equipped with a plurality of drying mechanism 4 that are used for drying puffed food, the inside of box 5 is equipped with the unloading mechanism 2 that is used for carrying and unloading, the side-mounting of box 5 is used for driving the motor 7 of unloading mechanism 2, the lateral wall fixed connection of supporting mechanism 8 is used for stirring puffed food and is the rabbling mechanism 1 that puffed food was flavoured, the side face of the box body 5 and the bottom of the drying mechanism 4 are provided with the automatic power connection mechanism 9a for controlling the stirring mechanism 7, and the automatic power connection mechanism 9a is electrically connected with the stirring mechanism 7.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, in the puffed food production and processing technology, the supporting mechanism 8 includes supporting columns 81 and supporting seats 82, the supporting columns 81 in a rectangular structure are fixedly connected to four corners of the bottom of the box body 5, and the supporting seats 82 with trapezoidal cross sections are arranged at the bottoms of the four supporting columns 81, so that the box body 5 is supported, and the stability of the whole structure is improved.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, in the puffed food production and processing technology of the present invention, the discharging mechanism 3 includes a sliding sleeve 31, a fixing frame 32 and a discharging plate 33, the fixing frame 32 is fixedly connected to the top edge of the box 5, the side surface of the fixing frame 32 is fixedly connected to the sliding sleeve 31, and the discharging plate 33 is slidably connected to the inside of the sliding sleeve 31, so as to fix the sliding sleeve 31.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, in the puffed food production and processing process of the present invention, an included angle between the top surface of the sliding sleeve 31 and the side surface of the fixing frame 32 is 60 °, and the inside of the sliding sleeve 31 is hollow, so that the discharge plate 33 slides inside the sliding sleeve 31.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, in the puffed food production process of the present invention, the driving mechanism 9 includes a mounting box 91, a toothed plate 92, a first gear 93, a connecting shaft 94, a fixing ring 95, a second gear 96, a rack 97 and saw teeth 98, the side wall of the sliding sleeve 31 and the side wall of the box 5 are fixedly connected to the mounting box 91 with a hollow interior, the interior of the mounting box 91 located at the side wall of the sliding sleeve 31 is rotatably connected to the first gear 93, the side wall of the discharging plate 33 is provided with the toothed plate 92, the toothed plate 92 is engaged with the first gear 93, the side wall of the fixing frame 32 is fixedly connected to the fixing ring 95, the bottom of the first gear 93 is fixedly connected to the connecting shaft 94, the connecting shaft 94 is rotatably connected to the interior of the fixing ring 95, and the interior of the mounting box 91 located at the side wall of the box 5 is rotatably connected to the second gear 96, and the side wall of the box body 5 is positioned inside the mounting box 91 and is slidably connected with the rack 97, the side wall of the rack 97 is provided with the saw teeth 98, the saw teeth 98 are meshed with the second gear 96, and the rack 97 is pulled to realize that the material discharging plate 33 is arranged inside the sliding sleeve 31 to stretch.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 4, in the puffed food production and processing technology of the present invention, the drying mechanism 4 includes fixing columns 41, a placing plate 42, an upper fixing plate 43, a connecting plate 44 and a lower fixing plate 45, the box 5 is rotatably connected to a plurality of the fixing columns 41, the surface of each fixing column 41 is fixedly connected to the placing plate 42 having a rectangular structure, one end of each fixing column 41 penetrates through the box 5 and is fixedly connected to the lower fixing plate 45, one end of each fixing column 41 is fixedly connected to one end of the connecting plate 44, the other end of the connecting plate 44 is rotatably connected to the upper fixing plate 43, and the number of the placing plates 42 is three, such that the drying effect on puffed food is improved.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the automatic power connection mechanism 9a of the puffed food production process includes a power supply box 91a, a slot 92a, a first copper sheet 93a, a push rod 94a, a second copper sheet 95a, an insulation box 96a and a power line 97a, wherein the bottom of one of the connection boards 44 is fixedly connected to the push rod 94a, the insulation box 96a is installed on the side wall of the push rod 94a, the second copper sheet 95a in a triangular prism structure is arranged on the side wall of the insulation box 96a, the bottom of the second copper sheet 95a is electrically connected to the power line 97a, the power supply box 91a is installed on the side wall of the box body 5 corresponding to the insulation box 96a, the slot 92a in a triangular structure is formed on the side wall of the power supply box 91a, and the second copper sheet 95a is fastened to the slot 92a, the first copper sheet 93a is arranged inside the power supply box 91a, the first copper sheet 93a is electrically connected with the second copper sheet 95a, and the connection board 44 is pulled to connect and disconnect the first copper sheet 93a and the second copper sheet 95 a.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the discharging mechanism 2 includes a filter screen 21, a conveyor belt 22, two rollers 23 and a discharging plate 24, and the inside of the box 5 is rotatably connected to the two rollers 23, one of the rollers 23 is rotatably connected to the motor 7, the surfaces of the two rollers 23 are wound around the conveyor belt 22, the filter screen 21 is disposed on the surface of the conveyor belt 22, the inside of the box 5 penetrates through the discharging plate 24, and the discharging plate 24 is in an "eight" shaped structure, so that the materials discharged from the bottom group of drying mechanisms 4 are conveyed and filtered.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, in the puffed food production and processing technology of the present invention, the stirring mechanism 1 includes a stirring barrel 11, a stirring blade 12, a discharging door 13 and a motor 14, the stirring barrel 11 is installed on a side wall of the supporting column 81, the motor 14 is installed at the bottom of the stirring barrel 11, the inside of the stirring barrel 11 is rotatably connected to the stirring blade 12 through the motor 14, the power line 97a is electrically connected to the motor 14, and the discharging door 13 is opened on a side wall of the stirring barrel 11, so as to fill and stir the dried puffed food.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, in the production and processing technology of the puffed food, the stirring barrel 11 is of a cylindrical structure, and the inner side wall of the stirring barrel 11 is of an octagonal structure, so that the puffed food is stirred more uniformly in the stirring barrel 11.
Firstly, puffed food falls into the surface of the drying mechanism 4 in the box body 5 from the discharging mechanism 3, the rack 97 is pulled to realize that the driving mechanism 9 drives the discharging mechanism 3 to slide, and further, the puffed food is uniformly sprinkled on the surface of the placing plate 42, so that the drying efficiency of the puffed food is greatly improved, the puffed food is gradually turned downwards on the surfaces of the three groups of drying mechanisms 4, when the puffed food reaches the surface of the bottom group of drying mechanisms 4, the connecting plate 44 is pulled to realize that the push rod electrically connects the first copper sheet 93a and the second copper sheet 95a, on one hand, the puffed food is conveyed to the discharging mechanism 2, and on the other hand, the motor 14 rotates the temporal stirring blades 12 of the stirring barrel 11 to stir and season the puffed food; the method specifically comprises the following steps:
(1) the second gear 96 that the pulling rack 97 realized being located the inside of the mounting box of the lateral wall of box 5 rotates, and the fixed surface of second gear 96 connects connecting axle 94, and connecting axle 94 will be located the lateral wall of mount the first gear 93 of the inside of mounting box 91 drives, and further with the inside of sliding sleeve 31 the pinion rack 92 of the lateral wall of flitch 33 drives, has realized sliding the flitch 33 in the inside of sliding sleeve 31, will puff food by far away near even scattering on the surface of placing board 42.
(2) The air inlet pipeline 6 is connected with hot air, the three groups of drying mechanisms 4 are sequentially turned, when puffed food reaches the surface of the bottom group of placing plates 42, the puffed food is in the best drying state, the connecting plate 44 is pulled to drop the puffed food on the surface of the placing plates onto the surface of the conveying belt 22, and the surface of the conveying belt is provided with the filter screen 21 for filtering sundry scraps.
(3) After the connecting plate 44 is pulled, the puffed food drops on the conveyor belt 22, the food enters the stirring barrel 11, the first copper sheet 93a and the second copper sheet 95a are electrically connected through the push plate when the connecting plate 44 is pulled, the stirring blade is driven by the motor 14 to be a puffed food ingredient, the connecting plate is reset again, the first copper sheet 93a and the second copper sheet 95a are disconnected, the motor 14 stops rotating, the third group of baking mechanisms 4 continues to receive the material, electric energy is saved, and time and labor are saved.
The invention relates to a puffed food production and processing technology, which is characterized in that a discharge mechanism 3 is matched with a driving mechanism 9, so that when puffed food is on the surface of a discharge plate 33, a rack 97 is pulled to uniformly spray the puffed food on the surface of the discharge plate 33 to the placing plate 42, the puffed food is uniformly heated, the puffed food is convenient to store, three groups of drying mechanisms 4 are arranged to dry the puffed food layer by layer, the drying effect of the puffed food is improved, an automatic power connection mechanism 9a is arranged at the bottom of the drying mechanism 4, an upper connecting plate 44 is moved after the drying mechanism 4 at the bottom of a box body 5 is dried, a push rod 94a is realized to electrically connect a first copper sheet 93a with a second copper sheet 95a, the rotation of a motor 14 and the rotation of a stirring blade 12 are realized, the placing plate 42 is closed, the motor 14 is disconnected with a power supply box 91a, the rotation of the stirring blade 12 is stopped, time and, the sealing effect of the box body 5 is increased, a large amount of air leakage is avoided, and the blanking is convenient.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and the embodiments and descriptions given above are only illustrative of the principles of the present invention, and various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which fall within the scope of the claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (1)

1. A production and processing technology of puffed food is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step one, cleaning raw materials, and then airing;
step two, putting the raw materials dried in the step one into a steam furnace, washing the raw materials at high temperature by high-temperature steam, and then drying the raw materials in the air; the high-temperature steam contains sucrose;
step three, putting the raw materials dried in the step two into a grinder for grinding;
step four, feeding the raw materials crushed in the step three into a bulking machine for bulking;
step five, conveying the puffed food subjected to puffing treatment in the step four into drying equipment for drying treatment;
step six, conveying the dried puffed food in the step five into a bagging machine, and filling the puffed food into a packaging bag by the bagging machine;
the drying equipment adopted in the fifth step comprises a stirring mechanism (1), a blanking mechanism (2), a discharging mechanism (3), a drying mechanism (4), a box body (5), an air inlet pipeline (6), a motor (7), a supporting mechanism (8), a driving mechanism (9) and an automatic power connection mechanism (9 a); the bottom fixed connection of box (5) is used for supporting the supporting mechanism (8) of box (8), the lateral wall mounting section of box (5) is the inlet duct (6) that is used for providing steam of trapezium structure, the top fixed connection of box (5) is used for transferring the slope setting of puffed food emptying mechanism (3), the lateral wall of box (5) with the lateral wall of emptying mechanism (3) is equipped with and is used for driving actuating mechanism (9) of emptying mechanism (3), the side of box (5) is equipped with a plurality of drying mechanism (4) that are used for drying puffed food, the inside of box (5) is equipped with and is used for carrying and unloading mechanism (2), the side-mounting of box (5) is used for driving unloading mechanism (2) motor (7), the side wall of the supporting mechanism (8) is fixedly connected with a stirring mechanism (1) for stirring puffed food to season the puffed food, the side face of the box body (5) and the bottom of the drying mechanism (4) are provided with the automatic power connection mechanism (9 a) for controlling the stirring mechanism (1), and the automatic power connection mechanism (9 a) is electrically connected with the stirring mechanism (1);
the supporting mechanism (8) comprises supporting columns (81) and supporting seats (82), the supporting columns (81) in a rectangular structure are fixedly connected to the four corners of the bottom of the box body (5), and the supporting seats (82) with trapezoidal cross sections are arranged at the bottoms of the four supporting columns (81);
the discharging mechanism (3) comprises a sliding sleeve (31), a fixed frame (32) and a discharging plate (33), the fixed frame (32) is fixedly connected to the edge of the top of the box body (5), the side face of the fixed frame (32) is fixedly connected with the sliding sleeve (31), and the discharging plate (33) is slidably connected to the inside of the sliding sleeve (31);
the included angle between the top surface of the sliding sleeve (31) and the side surface of the fixing frame (32) is 60 degrees, and the interior of the sliding sleeve (31) is hollow;
the driving mechanism (9) comprises a mounting box (91), a toothed plate (92), a first gear (93), a connecting shaft (94), a fixing ring (95), a second gear (96), a rack (97) and sawteeth (98), the side wall of the sliding sleeve (31) is fixedly connected with the side wall of the box body (5) to form a hollow mounting box (91), the inside of the mounting box (91) positioned on the side wall of the sliding sleeve (31) is rotatably connected with the first gear (93), the side wall of the material discharging plate (33) is provided with the toothed plate (92), the toothed plate (92) is meshed with the first gear (93), the side wall of the fixing frame (32) is fixedly connected with the fixing ring (95), the bottom of the first gear (93) is fixedly connected with the connecting shaft (94), and the connecting shaft (94) is rotatably connected with the inside of the fixing ring (95), the inner part of the mounting box (91) positioned on the side wall of the box body (5) is rotatably connected with the second gear (96), the inner part of the mounting box (91) positioned on the side wall of the box body (5) is slidably connected with the rack (97), the side wall of the rack (97) is provided with the saw teeth (98), and the saw teeth (98) are meshed with the second gear (96);
the drying mechanism (4) comprises fixing columns (41), a placing plate (42), an upper fixing plate (43), a connecting plate (44) and a lower fixing plate (45), the box body (5) is rotatably connected with a plurality of fixing columns (41), the surface of each fixing column (41) is fixedly connected with the placing plate (42) in a rectangular structure, one end of each fixing column (41) penetrates through the box body (5) and is fixedly connected with the lower fixing plate (45), one end of each fixing column (41) is fixedly connected with one end of the connecting plate (44), the other end of each connecting plate (44) is rotatably connected with the upper fixing plate (43), and the placing plates (42) are three in number;
the automatic power connection mechanism (9 a) comprises a power supply box (91 a), a clamping groove (92 a), a first copper sheet (93 a), a push rod (94 a), a second copper sheet (95 a), an insulation box (96 a) and a power line (97 a), the bottom of one of the connecting plates (44) is fixedly connected with the push rod (94 a), the insulation box (96 a) is installed on the side wall of the push rod (94 a), the second copper sheet (95 a) in a triangular prism structure is arranged on the side wall of the insulation box (96 a), the bottom of the second copper sheet (95 a) is electrically connected with the power line (97 a), the power supply box (91 a) is correspondingly installed on the side surface of the box body (5) and the insulation box (96 a), the clamping groove (92 a) in a triangular structure is formed in the side wall of the power supply box (91 a), and the second copper sheet (95 a) is clamped with the clamping groove (92 a), the first copper sheet (93 a) is arranged inside the power supply box (91 a), and the first copper sheet (93 a) is electrically connected with the second copper sheet (95 a);
the blanking mechanism (2) comprises a filter screen (21), a conveyor belt (22), roller columns (23) and a blanking plate (24), the interior of the box body (5) is rotatably connected with the two roller columns (23), one of the roller columns (23) is rotatably connected with the motor (7), the surfaces of the two roller columns (23) are wound on the conveyor belt (22), the filter screen (21) is arranged on the surface of the conveyor belt (22), the interior of the box body (5) penetrates through the blanking plate (24), and the blanking plate (24) is of a structure shaped like a Chinese character 'ba';
the stirring mechanism (1) comprises a stirring barrel (11), stirring blades (12), a blanking door (13) and a motor (14), the stirring barrel (11) is installed on the side wall of the supporting column (81), the motor (14) is installed at the bottom of the stirring barrel (11), the stirring blades (12) are rotatably connected with the motor (14) inside the stirring barrel (11), the power line (97 a) is electrically connected with the motor (14), and the blanking door (13) is arranged on the side wall of the stirring barrel (11);
the stirring barrel (11) is of a cylindrical structure, and the inner side wall of the stirring barrel (11) is of an octagonal structure;
the rack (97) is pulled to realize that a second gear (96) in the mounting box on the side wall of the box body (5) rotates, the surface of the second gear (96) is fixedly connected with a connecting shaft (94), the connecting shaft (94) drives a first gear (93) in the mounting box (91) on the side wall of the fixing frame, and further drives a toothed plate (92) on the side wall of the material placing plate (33) in the sliding sleeve (31), so that the material placing plate (33) slides in the sliding sleeve (31), and puffed food is uniformly scattered on the surface of the material placing plate (42) from far to near;
the air inlet pipeline (6) is connected with hot air, the three groups of drying mechanisms (4) are sequentially turned, when puffed food reaches the surface of the bottom group of placing plates (42), the puffed food is in the optimal drying state, the connecting plate (44) is pulled to drop the puffed food on the surface of the placing plates onto the surface of the conveying belt (22), and the surface of the conveying belt is provided with a filter screen (21) for filtering sundry scraps;
after the connecting plate (44) is pulled, the puffed food drops to the conveyor belt (22) at the moment, the food enters the inside of the stirring barrel (11), the first copper sheet (93 a) and the second copper sheet (95 a) are electrically connected through the push plate when the connecting plate (44) is pulled, the stirring blade is driven by the motor (14) to be a puffed food ingredient, the connecting plate is reset again, the first copper sheet (93 a) is disconnected from the second copper sheet (95 a), the motor (14) stops rotating, the third group of baking mechanisms (4) continues to receive the material, the electric energy is saved, and the time and the labor are saved.
CN201810321676.9A 2018-04-11 2018-04-11 Production and processing technology of puffed food Active CN108497540B (en)

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