CN108496755A - A kind of irrigation is with stalk pipeline at pipe device - Google Patents

A kind of irrigation is with stalk pipeline at pipe device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108496755A
CN108496755A CN201810082838.8A CN201810082838A CN108496755A CN 108496755 A CN108496755 A CN 108496755A CN 201810082838 A CN201810082838 A CN 201810082838A CN 108496755 A CN108496755 A CN 108496755A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stalk
pipe
regulating
pipeline
irrigation
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Application number
CN201810082838.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108496755B (en
Inventor
仵峰
宰松梅
李陆生
仵迪
吴玉博
许晓花
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North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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Priority to CN201810082838.8A priority Critical patent/CN108496755B/en
Publication of CN108496755A publication Critical patent/CN108496755A/en
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Publication of CN108496755B publication Critical patent/CN108496755B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation

Abstract

A kind of irrigation of present invention offer, at pipe device, belongs to the technical field of stalk pipeline preparation with stalk pipeline.Stalk movement molding from back to front at pipe device, the present invention includes cylindrical outer wall and the regulating mechanism for adjusting the stalk pipeline thickness of pipe being arranged with the wall coaxial in the outer wall, the blade for being molded linear gap on stalk pipeline is provided on the regulating mechanism, the blade is extended in a radial direction to the outer wall and is fixed on the outer wall.The present invention keeps the thickness of pipe of stalk pipeline adjustable, and linear gap can be formed on stalk pipeline while being molded stalk pipeline, and stalk pipeline is made to have irrigation and draining dual function.

Description

A kind of irrigation is with stalk pipeline at pipe device
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical fields prepared by stalk pipeline, and in particular to a kind of irrigation is with stalk pipeline at pipe device.
Background technology
By effort for many years, to the end of the year 2011, national irrigated area reaches 68,000,000 hm2(10.02 hundred million mu), intertillage Ground irrigated area is 6146.7 ten thousand hm2(9.22 hundred million mu), irrigated area has been more than the half of cultivated area for the first time.However having Irrigated area in, water-saving irrigation area is less than 40%, efficient water-saving irrigation(Sprinkling irrigation, slight irrigation and high standard low pressure water conveyance pipeline fill The abbreviation irrigate etc.)It is less than 15%, sprinkling irrigation, slight irrigation area are less than 6%.It is understood that in the above irrigation form, in addition to sprinkling irrigation, micro- Fill, the field overwhelming majority is still Surface irrigation, that is, the field irrigation often said " last one kilometer " problem, once it is arid, The demand gap for just exposing the development and production of the deficiency of existing irrigation and water conservancy, especially high-efficiency water-saving technology is larger.
It is one of major obstacle during irrigation technique is promoted that field irrigation mechanization degree is low, it has also become modern agricultural development In short-leg.In field irrigation, other than part slight irrigation, spray irrigation system, on the whole also in based on artificial, machinery be Auxiliary stage, most irrigation techniques(Such as beat furrow, artificial shifting pipe, opening/shutting valve)It is also be unable to do without heavy manual labor, this It is a major reason of most efficient water-saving irrigation technologies " pushing away without wide " at this stage.
Soil basic topography be high-quality crop, basis of high yield or even someone say soil basic topography and a country and The economic competition in area is proportionate.All contain the multiple elements such as certain carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in agricultural crop straw, is precious Expensive renewable resource.Straw-returning technology can not only grab the farming time, rob accumulated temperature, it is thus also avoided that because rotting, burning the dirt brought The problems such as contaminating environment in drought-relief, reduces fertilizer amount and saves production cost, preserves the ecological environment etc. that there have to be apparent Effect is most one of simple, most efficient method for improving soil basic topography.
Existing filling discharge pipe situation, usually lays respectively, i.e., irrigation conduit is laid respectively with drainpipe, irrigation conduit by It supplies water from inside to outside, and drainpipe uses antipriming pipe etc., is mostly plastic conduit in the two pressure difference, material(PVC, PE etc.), mouse Road is to pull out one of hole on the basis of existing soil in underground with mouse-way plough, play a role in the drainage.Mouse road structural instability, It easily collapses after especially crossing water, influences drainage effect.
There is the technology as a kind of composition of pipeline production by stalk currently on the market, but in process of production, stalk becomes Property, is no longer stalk, and stalk due to plastics package cannot with contact naturally, it is difficult in decomposition-reduction to soil.Manufacturing machine Tool is mostly factory operation, i.e., produces various tubing in plastic molding and processing plant, then move field to again and laid by design.It lays Process has manually, also there is machinery, there is no in the market and raw material are processed by scene, the disposable skill for completing mechanized construction Art also there is no a kind of equipment of one-pass molding stalk pipeline.
Invention content
Keep the thickness of pipe of stalk pipeline adjustable at pipe device with stalk pipeline the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of irrigation, and Linear gap can be formed on stalk pipeline while being molded stalk pipeline, stalk pipeline is made to have irrigation and drain dual Function.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:A kind of irrigation is with stalk pipeline at pipe device, and the stalk is at pipe device Inside movement molding from back to front, including cylindrical outer wall and in the outer wall with wall coaxial setting for adjusting The regulating mechanism of the stalk pipeline thickness of pipe is saved, the knife for being molded linear gap on stalk pipeline is provided on the regulating mechanism Piece, the blade are extended in a radial direction to the outer wall and are fixed on the outer wall.
The regulating mechanism includes the bore adjustable unit and regulating part of coaxial arrangement, and the bore is adjustable single Member is pyramidal structure, and the radial dimension of the pyramidal structure tapers into from front to back, before the bore adjustable unit Half part is the hollow-core construction surrounded by multiple elastic pieces, and the latter half of the bore adjustable unit is solid construction, And at the front end center position of the solid construction, it is provided with threaded hole, center position is provided with axis in the regulating part To through-hole, screw is installed, the rear end of the screw extends to regulating part rear side, and the rear end of the screw in the through-hole Portion is threadedly coupled with the threaded hole, and the regulating part is located in the hollow-core construction, and the screw can be front and back in threaded hole Mobile, the regulating part is moved forward and backward with the screw and drives the elastic piece radial motion, keeps the bore adjustable The radial dimension of unit first half increases or reduces.
The blade is fixed on the periphery of the bore adjustable unit latter half solid construction.
The front end of the blade is fixed at the gap between adjacent spring.
The longitudinal section of the regulating part is trapezium structure, and the radial dimension of the trapezium structure tapers into from front to back, When the rear end newly connection of the screw is in the front end of the threaded hole, on the vertical direction vertical with axial direction, institute The radial dimension stated at the rear end size of regulating part and the elastic piece position of corresponding position is identical.
The regulating part through-hole inner surface is smooth surface.
Non-threaded on the surface of part of the screw in the through-hole is smooth surface.
The blade has multiple, and multiple blades are uniformly fixed on the solid knot of bore adjustable unit latter half On the periphery of structure.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:Stalk clast and soil mixture are at the motion process in pipe device, gradually It is molded, is provided with blade on regulating mechanism so that form linear gap on stalk pipeline after molding, linear gap makes stalk pipe Road has both irrigation and draining water storage function, is the stalk pipeline of primary raw material before at pipe device using stalk clast and moist soil End output, and be laid in the ditch on ground, realize that the disposal molding of stalk pipeline and scene are laid with.
The stalk pipeline thickness of pipe is adjusted in such a way that screw and regulating part are moved forward and backward and adjust elastic piece position so that operation Convenient and reliable, simple in structure, manufacturing cost is low.The thickness of pipe can be adjusted at any time according to needs are irrigated, can also be adjusted according to needs are irrigated The quantity in linear gap on whole straw pipeline.In radial directions, it is later half to be fixed on bore adjustable unit for one end of blade On the periphery of part solid core design, the other end is fixed on the outer wall;In the axial direction, it is preferred that the axial length etc. of blade In the axial length of bore adjustable unit latter half solid construction;It is reliable that above structure makes blade fix, and effectively cuts Stalk is cut to form linear gap on stalk pipeline.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, below will be to needed in the embodiment attached Figure is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only the embodiment of the present invention, common for this field For technical staff, without having to pay creative labor, other attached drawings are can also be obtained according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is structural schematic diagram of the present invention trench digging at pipe portion;
Fig. 3 is sectional view of the first embodiment of the invention at pipe device;
Fig. 4 is the A direction views of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is sectional view of the first embodiment of the invention at pipe device state change;
Fig. 6 is the B direction views of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is sectional view of the second embodiment of the invention at pipe device;
Fig. 8 is the A direction views of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is sectional view of the second embodiment of the invention at pipe device state change;
Figure 10 is the B direction views of Fig. 9.
Specific implementation mode
In order to keep the technical purpose, technical solution and advantageous effect of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specifically Embodiment is further illustrated technical scheme of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention is irrigated with stalk pipeline in wire molding machine, the molding machine is transported from front to back on the ground Dynamic, front-rear direction shown in Fig. 1 is the front-rear direction that the present invention describes, the molding machine include Raw material processing portion and trench digging at Pipe portion, the Raw material processing portion include rotary cutter 1 and collecting net 2, and rear end feeding mouth position and the high speed of the collecting net 2 are revolved The position for turning cutter 1 is corresponding, and high speed rotation cutter 1 rotates clockwise, and stalk is cut into clast, and high speed rotation cutter 1 is by straw The ground of stalk clast and entrainment has certain moisture content(Humidity)Soil get rid of the feeding mouth into collecting net 2.
In the present embodiment, rotary cutter 1 be high speed rotation cutter, rotary cutter high speed rotation can improve straw collecting and The efficiency of cutting process.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the trench digging is arranged at pipe portion in the front side of high speed rotation cutter 1, including holder 3, setting In the plough 4 that 3 rear side lower end of holder is used to ditch on ground, it is fixedly installed into pipeline 5 in the front side of the holder 3, Described to include top 51, middle part 52 and lower part 53 at pipeline 5, the top 51 is vertically arranged, the lower part 53 Close to ground and parallel to the ground, the middle part 52 connects the top 51 and lower part 53 and has smooth radian, described Opening 54 is provided on the side wall on top 51, and the front end discharge port position of collecting net 2 is corresponding with the position of the opening 54, Collecting net collects most of stalk clast and a small amount of soil mixture, and enters opening 54 from collecting net front end discharge port, from And enter in pipeline 5.
The upper end on the top 51 is provided with compactor 6, and the compactor 6 is described in pipeline top 51 including stretching into Compaction rod 61, the top of the compactor 6 is provided with the first driving mechanism 7 for driving compaction rod 61 to move downward, with institute It states compactor 6 and is connected and be useful for driving the spring 63 that moves upwards of compaction rod 61, the compaction rod 61 is in the first driving mechanism 7 It is vibrated with the drive periodical of the spring 63, compaction rod 61 applies stalk clast and soil mixture larger downward Power is compacted entering at stalk clast and the soil mixture in pipeline 5, and push down on the stalk clast after being compacted with Soil mixture, and the lower part of pipeline 5 is gradually pushed into be molded irrigation stalk pipeline.In the present embodiment, described One driving mechanism 7 is the first cam.
The front end of the lower part 53 is provided with for being molded with certain thickness stalk pipeline into pipe device 8, institute State into the blade being provided on pipe device 8 for being molded linear gap on stalk pipeline.
Specifically, as shown in figure 3, it is described at pipe device 8 include cylindrical outer wall 81 and in outer wall 81 with it is described outer The regulating mechanism 82 for adjusting the stalk pipeline thickness of pipe that wall 81 is coaxially disposed, the blade 83 are fixed on the regulating mechanism 82 On, the blade 83 is extended in a radial direction to the outer wall 81 and is fixed on the outer wall 81, to realize regulating mechanism 82 position is fixed.
Stalk clast after being compacted and soil mixture enter between outer wall 81 and the outer wall of regulating mechanism 82, and outside It is molded between wall 81 and the outer wall of regulating mechanism 82, and is exported from pipe device discharge port, being formed has certain thickness tubulose, outside The distance between outer wall of wall 81 and regulating mechanism 82 is the thickness for being molded stalk pipeline.The design of blade 83 makes stalk pipe At the time of molding, blade 83 cuts stalk in road, and to form linear gap on pipeline, linear gap extends along pipeline axial direction, And the width in linear gap is equal to the thickness of stalk pipeline.
Stalk pipeline is laid on ground, and when irrigating, water enters from a port of pipeline, is flowed out from linear gap Achieve the purpose that irrigation.In addition, when ground hypervolia, need draining when, the water of stalk pipeline surrounding by linear gap into Enter in stalk pipeline, stalk pipeline can also play the role of storing water at this time.
In the present embodiment, the position transducer that can move up and down 4 position of plough is provided on the holder 3.Plough Upper and lower position it is adjustable, so as to which according to surface irrigation needs, the different depth on ground is ditched.
As shown in Figures 3 to 6, specifically, the regulating mechanism 82 includes the bore adjustable unit 84 of coaxial arrangement With regulating part 85, the bore adjustable unit 84 is pyramidal structure, and the axial direction of the pyramidal structure is parallel to the ground, described The radial dimension of pyramidal structure tapers into from front to back, i.e. the distance of the outer surface of outer wall 81 to bore adjustable unit 84 It is gradually reduced from back to front, the first half of the bore adjustable unit 84 is the hollow knot surrounded by multiple elastic pieces 86 The latter half of structure, bore adjustable unit 84 is solid construction, and at the front end center position of the solid construction, if It is equipped with threaded hole 87, center position is provided with through-hole parallel to the ground in the regulating part 85, is equipped in the through-hole The rear end of screw 88, the screw 88 extends to the rear side of regulating part 85, rear end 89 and the screw thread of the screw 88 Hole 87 is threadedly coupled, and the regulating part 85 is located in the hollow-core construction that the multiple elastic piece 86 surrounds, and the screw 88 can be It is moved forward and backward in threaded hole 87, the regulating part 85 is moved forward and backward with the screw 88 and the elastic piece 86 is driven radially to transport It is dynamic, so that the radial dimension of 84 first half of bore adjustable unit is increased or reduced.
The blade 83 is fixed on the periphery of 84 latter half solid construction of the bore adjustable unit, preferably , the front end of the blade 83 is fixed at the gap between adjacent spring 86.
In the present embodiment, the longitudinal section of the regulating part 85 is trapezium structure, and the radial dimension of the trapezium structure is in the past It tapers into after, when the rear end newly connection of the screw 88 is in the front end of the threaded hole 87, hangs down with axial direction On straight vertical direction, the radial dimension at the rear end size of the regulating part 85 and 87 position of the elastic piece of corresponding position It is identical, i.e., it is identical as the P position radial dimension on elastic piece in Fig. 3 87.
In the present embodiment, the through-hole inner surface of the regulating part 85 is smooth surface, it is preferred that the screw 88 is described Non-threaded on the surface of part in through-hole is smooth surface.Smooth surface can reduce the friction between regulating part and screw, Ensure each component work well.The front end of the screw 88 is located in the front surface of the regulating part 85, before the screw 88 The radial dimension at end is more than the radial dimension of the through-hole.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4 at the initial position of pipe device 8, the rear end of screw 88 is located just at threaded hole 87 Front end at, screw 88 is threadedly coupled with threaded hole 87, and regulating part 85 is trapezium structure, and the upper and lower surface of regulating part 85 is close (Substantially it is close to)Elastic piece 86, radial dimension of the elastic piece at P position is identical as 85 rear end radial dimension of regulating part, at this point, Stalk clast, from the rear end entrance at pipe device 8, passes through bore adjustable unit 84, until in pipe from back to front with soil mixture At the front end of diameter adjustable unit 84, the sizing of stalk pipeline is completed, and specific duct thickness D1 is formed, at this point, stalk pipeline exists Maximum at the duct thickness D1 formed in pipe device 8, finally, stalk pipeline is exported with thickness of pipe D1 from 8 front end of pipe device.It is molded stalk When pipeline, blade 83 cuts stalk, and axial linear gap is formed on stalk pipeline.
When needing to adjust the thickness of pipe of molding stalk pipeline, as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, regulating part 85 and screw are moved axially 88, i.e., screw 88 is screwed into the rear end of threaded hole 87, the rear end of screw 88 is made to go deep into threaded hole 87, at this point, regulating part 85 to Rear is moved, and on rear side of P position, the radial dimension of bore adjustable unit 84 is less than the rear end size of regulating part 85, then adjusts Section part 85 pushes elastic piece 86 to be moved radially to the direction far from axle center, to make the diameter of 84 front end of bore adjustable unit Increase to size, even if the distance between 84 front end upper and lower surface of bore adjustable unit and outer wall 81 reduce, that is, makes D2 is less than D1, and when stalk clast and soil mixture from the rear end entrance at pipe device 8, it is adjustable single to pass through bore from back to front Member 84, until at the front end of bore adjustable unit 84, the sizing of stalk pipeline is completed, and specific duct thickness D2 is formed.Molding When stalk pipeline, blade 83 cuts stalk, and axial linear gap is formed on stalk pipeline.
When needing to increase the thickness of pipe of stalk pipeline, screw 88 is rotated backward in threaded hole 87.
Therefore, the stalk pipeline thickness of pipe, which is adjusted, to be realized by moving axially screw 88 and regulating part 85, filled with obtaining meeting Irrigate the stalk pipeline with specific thicknesses of needs.
In the present embodiment, there are two blades 83, and it is latter half of can be symmetrically disposed on the bore adjustable unit 84 Divide on any circumferential position of the periphery of solid construction.Blade 83 is relatively thin, when there are two blades, regulating mechanism 82 can be made to pass through Two blades are firmly fixed in outer wall 81, ensure the stability of 82 position of regulating mechanism, ensure the equal of the stalk pipeline thickness of pipe Even property.
In the present embodiment, elastic piece 86 is two and is symmetrical arranged that there are two blades 83, the front end difference of two blades 83 It is fixed at the gap between two elastic pieces 86.However, the present invention is not limited thereto, elastic piece 86 can be three, four ... etc. Deng two blades 83 are symmetrically disposed on the periphery of 84 latter half solid construction of the bore adjustable unit.
In the present embodiment, the lower part of the discharge port at pipe device and the plough is substantially flush in the height direction. It will be laid immediately on underground after being exported at pipe device discharge port by the pipeline of base material of stalk, completes to lay, reduction goes out at pipe device The difference in height of material mouth and plough bottom, damage when can prevent from laying to stalk pipeline.
In the present embodiment, the high speed rotation cutter 1 is disc-shaped structure, and the disk periphery is provided with equally distributed Multiple knife units.The intensive laying of knife unit can accelerate the cutting speed of stalk, increase the processing efficiency of stalk.
In the present embodiment, the angle theta of the line between adjacent knife unit and high speed rotation cutter rotation axis is 3 ~ 5 °.Band angle When the high speed rotation cutter 1 of degree rotates, the oblique upper that stalk clast and part soil are deflected to blade is skimmed, and throw to collection The feeding mouth of net 2.
Be connected the second driving machine for being useful for that collecting net 2 is driven to pump with the rear end of the collecting net 2 Structure 9, second driving mechanism 9 and the rotation axis of height rotary cutter are sequentially connected.Size of mesh opening on collecting net 2 is less than Stalk cut after size, collecting net 2 pump on the one hand convenient in collecting net 2 stalk clast and soil mixing Object is flowed to the front end of collecting net 2, on the other hand, remaining stalk on collecting net can be shaked off in collecting net motion process Clast or soil.
Second driving mechanism 9 and the rotation axis of height rotary cutter are sequentially connected, in the present embodiment, the second driving mechanism 9 Axle center for the second cam, the second cam is Chong Die with the axle center of the rotation axis of height rotary cutter, when height rotary cutter rotates, Height rotary cutter rotation axis drives the rotation of the second cam, to make the second cam driven collecting net periodic motion.
In the present embodiment, the rear end of the collecting net 2 is higher than front end, stalk clast and the soil mixing being convenient in collecting net Object is flowed to the front end of collecting net 2, and the front end of the collecting net 2 is fixed on the holder 3.
In the present embodiment, the compactor 6 further includes the cross bar 62 being connect with the upper end of the compaction rod 61, the cross bar 62 rear end is fixed on the online shaping machine frame, and the front end of the cross bar 62 is driven by first driving mechanism 7, institute It states the first driving mechanism 7 to be sequentially connected with the third driving mechanism in wire molding machine, the spring 63 is connected to cross bar On 62, the other end of the spring 63 is connected on the online shaping machine frame.
In the present embodiment, the first driving mechanism is the first cam, and third driving mechanism drives the rotation of the first cam, and first is convex When wheel turns to the position contacted with the front end of the cross bar 62, it is pressed downward the cross bar 62, cross bar 62 is made to move downward, from And compaction rod 61 is made to be moved downward in the top at pipeline 5, when cross bar 62 and compaction rod 61 are transported under the promotion of the first cam After moving extreme lower position, the first cam is rotated further far from cross bar 62, at this point, the spring 63 can ensure cross bar 62 and compacting Bar 61 is restored to home position, i.e., under the pulling force effect of spring 63, cross bar 62 and compaction rod 61 are restored to home position, above Action cycle property recycles so that cross bar 62 and compaction rod 61 are periodically transported up and down under the action of the first cam and spring 63 It is dynamic, it pushes and is compacted enter into the stalk clast and soil mixture in pipeline.
When work, the present invention is irrigated to be moved with stalk pipeline in wire molding machine from front to back on the ground, and plough 4 is on ground It ditches from front to back on face, on the other hand, first, passes through band certain angle(Such as 3 ~ 5 degree)High speed rotation cutter 1, stalk Rub the clast for being cut into 5 ~ 8cm;Secondly, stalk clast and part are had certain moisture content by the high speed rotation cutter 1 with angle (Humidity)The oblique upper that is deflected to blade of soil throw to collecting net 2;Then, collecting net 2 by most of stalk clast with it is a small amount of Soil mixture is collected, and is moved to collecting net discharge port under periodic vibration, and enters into pipe pipe from collecting net discharge port Road opening 54;Then, under the effect of periodical piston-like compactor 6, stalk clast and soil mixture quilt at pipeline Compaction rod 61 is compacted, and is moved at pipeline lower part, and soil has certain moisture content(Humidity), mixed with stalk clast And during being compacted, cohesive stalk can be played the role of, i.e. soil has binder, in the further of compaction rod Under effect, stalk clast and soil mixture are compacted;Pipeline lower part is provided with into pipe device 8, in the effect at pipe device 8 Under, form pipe-like;Finally, it exports, and is laid in the ditch that plough 4 is opened from pipe device 8 using stalk as the pipeline of base material, It completes to lay.
The present invention irrigate with stalk pipeline wire molding machine not only can complete trench digging, raw pipeline material processing, pipeline molding, The work such as pipeline laying, can also carry out the sowing work of wheat, corn seed, as shown in Figure 1, the present invention is irrigated with stalk pipe Road includes the first babinet 10, the second babinet 11, first gear 12, second gear 13, third gear the 14, the 4th well in wire molding machine Gear 15, wheel 16, the first belt 17, the second belt 18 and third belt 19,10 inner storage wheat seed of the first babinet, second 11 inner storage corn seed of babinet.
When needing seeding corn seed, wheel 16 rotate, move from front to back on the ground, plough 4 on the ground from Forward direction post-trenching, plough 4 have plough foot, meanwhile, the rotation of wheel 16 drives 12 turns of the first belt 17 and first gear Dynamic, the rotation of first gear 12 drives the second belt 18 and second gear 13 to rotate again, under the agitation of second gear 13, maize seed Son is flowed out from the second babinet 11, is flowed in plough foot by pipeline, and flows out to 4 institute of the plough from plough foot In the hook opened, sowing is completed.
Need sow wheat seed when, wheel 16 rotate, move from front to back on the ground, plough 4 on the ground from Forward direction post-trenching, plough 4 have plough foot, meanwhile, the rotation of wheel 16 drives 12 turns of the first belt 17 and first gear Dynamic, the rotation of first gear 12 drives third belt 19 and third gear 14, the rotation of the 4th gear 15 again, in 14 He of third gear Under the agitation of 4th gear 15, wheat seed is flowed out from the first babinet 10, is flowed in plough foot by pipeline, and from trench digging Device foot flows out in the hook that the plough 4 is opened, and completes sowing.
In the present embodiment, third driving mechanism, that is, first gear 12, the first cam is connected to the rotation axis of first gear 12 On, when first gear 12 rotates, the rotation axis of first gear 12 drives the rotation of the first cam, to drive cross bar 62, to band About 61 periodic motion of dynamic compaction rod.
Second embodiment:
As shown in Figure 7 to 10, second embodiment and first embodiment are distinguished as there are three the blades 83, and three blades are equal Even is fixed on the periphery of 84 latter half solid construction of the bore adjustable unit, the angle between adjacent knife blades 83 It is 120 °, three linear gaps can be formed on stalk pipeline after molding.
In second embodiment, there are three elastic pieces 86, it is preferred that the front end of three blades 83 is located at adjacent spring At gap between 86.
The invention is not limited thereto, and the number of blade 83 can also be four, five etc., and multiple blades are uniformly fixed on On the periphery of 84 latter half solid construction of the bore adjustable unit.
The quantity and the quantity of blade 83 of elastic piece 86 of the present invention may be the same or different, as long as meeting multiple knives Piece is symmetrically disposed on the periphery of 84 latter half solid construction of the bore adjustable unit.
Blade is multiple, on the one hand so that having multiple linear gaps on stalk pipeline after molding, can increase irrigation effect Rate, on the other hand so that regulating mechanism 82 is more firmly fixed to by multiple blades in outer wall 81, preferably ensures to adjust The stability of 82 position of mechanism, is effectively ensured the uniformity of the stalk pipeline thickness of pipe.
The other structures of second embodiment are identical with the first embodiment, and are repeated no more.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
(1)It directly draws materials at the scene, collects raw material(Stalk and a small amount of soil), cost is reduced, it is time saving and energy saving;
(2)It need not handle and can directly use after the molding of stalk pipeline, convenient for production, the period is short;
(3)It is the pipeline of primary raw material with stalk and soil, has irrigation and water storage draining dual function;
(4)Realize raw material collection, scene processes, scene is laid with disposable machine uniformly and is turned into industry.
It should be noted last that:Technical scheme of the present invention that the above embodiments are only illustrative and not limiting is any right The equivalent replacement and do not depart from the modification of spirit and scope of the invention or local replacement that the present invention carries out, should all cover in this hair Within bright protective scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of irrigation is with stalk pipeline at pipe device, movement is molded the stalk from back to front at pipe device, feature Be, including cylindrical outer wall and in the outer wall with wall coaxial setting for adjusting the stalk pipeline thickness of pipe Regulating mechanism, the blade for being molded linear gap on stalk pipeline, the blade edge are provided on the regulating mechanism Radial direction extends to the outer wall and is fixed on the outer wall.
2. a kind of irrigation according to claim 1 is with stalk pipeline at pipe device, which is characterized in that the regulating mechanism includes The bore adjustable unit and regulating part of coaxial arrangement, the bore adjustable unit are pyramidal structure, the taper knot The radial dimension of structure tapers into from front to back, and the first half of the bore adjustable unit is to be surrounded by multiple elastic pieces Hollow-core construction, the latter half of the bore adjustable unit is solid construction, and in the front end of the solid construction At heart position, it is provided with threaded hole, center position is provided with axially extending bore in the regulating part, and spiral shell is equipped in the through-hole Silk, the rear end of the screw is to extension on rear side of regulating part, and the rear end of the screw is threadedly coupled with the threaded hole, institute It states regulating part to be located in the hollow-core construction, the screw can be moved forward and backward in threaded hole, and the regulating part is with the screw It is moved forward and backward and is driven the elastic piece radial motion, the radial dimension of the bore adjustable unit first half is made to increase Or reduce.
3. a kind of irrigation according to claim 2 is with stalk pipeline at pipe device, which is characterized in that the blade is fixed on institute On the periphery for stating bore adjustable unit latter half solid construction.
4. a kind of irrigation according to claim 3 is with stalk pipeline at pipe device, which is characterized in that the front end of the blade is solid It is scheduled at the gap between adjacent spring.
5. a kind of irrigation according to claim 4 is with stalk pipeline at pipe device, which is characterized in that the vertical of the regulating part cuts Face is trapezium structure, and the radial dimension of the trapezium structure tapers into from front to back, when the rear end newly connection of the screw At the front end of the threaded hole, on the vertical direction vertical with axial direction, the rear end size of the regulating part with it is corresponding Radial dimension at the elastic piece position of position is identical.
6. a kind of irrigation according to claim 5 is with stalk pipeline at pipe device, which is characterized in that in the regulating part through-hole Surface is smooth surface.
7. a kind of irrigation according to claim 6 is with stalk pipeline at pipe device, which is characterized in that the screw is described logical Non-threaded on the surface of part in hole is smooth surface.
8. according to a kind of irrigation of claim 2 to 7 any one of them with stalk pipeline at pipe device, which is characterized in that the knife Piece has multiple, and multiple blades are uniformly fixed on the periphery of the bore adjustable unit latter half solid construction.
CN201810082838.8A 2018-01-29 2018-01-29 straw pipeline pipe former for irrigation Active CN108496755B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810082838.8A CN108496755B (en) 2018-01-29 2018-01-29 straw pipeline pipe former for irrigation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810082838.8A CN108496755B (en) 2018-01-29 2018-01-29 straw pipeline pipe former for irrigation

Publications (2)

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CN108496755A true CN108496755A (en) 2018-09-07
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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2005130261A (en) * 2005-09-28 2007-04-10 Государственное научное учреждение Поволжский научно-исследовательский институт эколого-мелиоративных технологий Российской академии сельскохоз йственных наук (RU) Water discharge
CN204278126U (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-22 河南省人民胜利渠管理局 A kind of card punch for irrigation conduit
CN204653194U (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-09-23 新疆农业大学 Degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating
CN204811001U (en) * 2015-07-25 2015-12-02 天津科迅通科技发展有限公司 Solar and wind energy hybrid's lawn mowing irrigation equipment
CN105109055A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-12-02 华南理工大学 Flow jetting piling molding method and device for polymer pipe

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2005130261A (en) * 2005-09-28 2007-04-10 Государственное научное учреждение Поволжский научно-исследовательский институт эколого-мелиоративных технологий Российской академии сельскохоз йственных наук (RU) Water discharge
CN204278126U (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-22 河南省人民胜利渠管理局 A kind of card punch for irrigation conduit
CN204653194U (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-09-23 新疆农业大学 Degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating
CN204811001U (en) * 2015-07-25 2015-12-02 天津科迅通科技发展有限公司 Solar and wind energy hybrid's lawn mowing irrigation equipment
CN105109055A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-12-02 华南理工大学 Flow jetting piling molding method and device for polymer pipe

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