CN108493823B - Complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation - Google Patents

Complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108493823B
CN108493823B CN201810247390.0A CN201810247390A CN108493823B CN 108493823 B CN108493823 B CN 108493823B CN 201810247390 A CN201810247390 A CN 201810247390A CN 108493823 B CN108493823 B CN 108493823B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cable
transformer station
station box
low
water tank
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Application number
CN201810247390.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108493823A (en
Inventor
叶灿华
夏欣
昌盛
周斌
曹一家
陈康
蔡小波
曾智
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Huaxiang Xiangneng Technology Co Ltd
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Huaxiang Xiangneng Electric Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810247390.0A priority Critical patent/CN108493823B/en
Publication of CN108493823A publication Critical patent/CN108493823A/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B7/00Enclosed substations, e.g. compact substations
    • H02B7/06Distribution substations, e.g. for urban network
    • H02B7/08Underground substations
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/46Boxes; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/56Cooling; Ventilation
    • H02B1/565Cooling; Ventilation for cabinets

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation, including transformer station box, second pipe, immersible pump, controller, the first temperature sensor, second temperature sensor, air-out fan, air inlet fan;The immersible pump is arranged in underground water, annular arrangement of the second pipe by the periphery of the transformer station box inner top to center equally, the immersible pump is connect with the second pipe, the outer top of the transformer station box is provided with first temperature sensor, the transformer station box inner top is equipped with the second temperature sensor, first temperature sensing, the second temperature sensor are connect with the controller respectively, and the controller is connect with the air inlet fan, the air-out fan, the circulating fan and the immersible pump respectively.Substation proposed by the present invention is its intelligent heat dissipation by controller control immersible pump, air-out fan and air inlet fan, and intelligence degree is high, heat sinking function is perfect, radiating mode is diversified.

Description

Complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of high-tension transformation equipment fields, and in particular to a kind of complete buried prepackage type intelligent green power transformation It stands.
Background technique
Pre-installed transformer sub-station is indispensable pith in electric system, it is by pressing in 10KV or 20KV as transmission & distribution Voltage is sent to load center, is 220/380 volt through pre-installed transformer sub-station transformation, low tension force feed to user, this pattern mainly may be used Guarantee that user uses the stabilization of voltage, reduce line loss, reduce pressure drop, improves power supply quality, this style of transformation device is to confession Electric electricity consumption brings many benefits and the world optimal distribution form at present.But a large amount of pre-installed transformer sub-station, switchyard, ring Net cabinet, and uncoordinated contradiction is brought to surrounding enviroment, there is the contradiction of electricity consumption auxiliary facility and installation environment, auxiliary facility With the contradiction of Living environment safety of human being, the contradiction of corollary apparatus and beautification, green planted city environment.Currently, by the way that substation is embedded to Ground, which gets off, to solve the above problems, but since underground radiation ventilation is unsmooth, the heat that full burying-terra transformer substation generates, which dissipates, does not go out.It is existing Mainly radiated by the way that vent window is arranged in earth's surface, still, summer surface temperature is high, and the vent window of substation performs practically no function, Even play side effect, therefore only radiated by vent window be unable to reach actual effect and intelligence degree it is low, heat dissipation function Energy is not perfect, radiating mode is single.
Summary of the invention
The main object of the present invention is to provide a kind of complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation, it is intended to solve it is existing entirely Bury the problem that transformation station intelligence degree is low, heat sinking function is not perfect, radiating mode is single.
To achieve the above object, a kind of complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation proposed by the present invention, including circulated air Fan, transformer station box, first pipe, second pipe, immersible pump, controller, the first temperature sensor, second temperature sensor, Air-out fan, air inlet fan and the transformer being set in the transformer station box, high-voltage board and low-voltage cabinet;The immersible pump It is arranged in underground water, is connected by first pipe with the transformer station box;The first pipe and setting are in the power transformation The intracorporal second pipe of case of standing is connected, and the diameter of the first pipe is greater than the diameter of the second pipe, and second pipe Annular arrangement of the road by the periphery of the transformer station box inner top to center equally, the pipeline for constituting each side of annular is in wave Shape wave, wherein spacing between two adjacent annulars in the diameter and the transformer station box of the second pipe according to pushing up The areal calculation in portion obtains;The periphery of the transformer, the high-voltage board and the low-voltage cabinet is arranged in the circulating fan, and The circulating fan is with tilt angle towards the transformer station box inner top;The outer top of the transformer station box is provided with described First temperature sensor, the side in the transformer station box close to transformer is provided with the second temperature sensor, described Humidity sensor, first temperature sensing, the second temperature sensor, the humidity sensor are provided in transformer station box Device is connect with the controller respectively, the controller respectively with the air inlet fan, the air-out fan, the circulating fan It is connected with the immersible pump, the air inlet fan and air-out fan series connection.
Preferably, the complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation include high pressure inlet wire cable, it is high-voltage terminal cable, low It is pressed into line cable and low-pressure line-outgoing cable;Mechanical floor, cable floor are divided into the transformer station box from top to bottom and is maked somebody a mere figurehead Layer, and partition is equipped between adjacent two layers;Every layer of partition offers several apertures, and the small hole number is no more than 10 A, the diameter of the aperture is less than 2cm;Several cables are offered on the partition between the cable floor and the mechanical floor Hole is passed through with current supply cable;The layer height of the cable floor is less than 20cm, and the layer height of the Stilt layer is less than 15cm, the Stilt layer and The cable floor is both provided with several flange beam stands, several flange beam stands be arranged in parallel in the cable floor and The Stilt layer, and the height of the height of the flange beam stand in every layer and the corresponding cable floor, the Stilt layer Identical, the top of the mechanical floor, the high-voltage board, the low-voltage cabinet and transformer setting is arranged in the second pipe In the mechanical floor, the high pressure inlet wire cable and the low-pressure line-outgoing cable are arranged in the cable floor;The high pressure inlet wire Cable puts in the cable floor by the transformer station box, and high pressure inlet wire cable described in the cable floor passes through the cable Hole puts in mechanical floor and connects with the high-voltage board end of incoming cables, and the high-voltage board leading-out terminal is linked with the transformer end of incoming cables, institute It states inducer for line outlet end of transformer to connect with the low-voltage cabinet end of incoming cables, the low-voltage cabinet leading-out terminal passes through the mechanical floor and the cable The cable aperture between layer on the partition puts in cable floor, and the low-pressure line-outgoing cable in the cable floor passes through described Transformer station box is connected to each electrical equipment.
Preferably, the complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation further includes first flange, second flange, third method Orchid, check valve, motor-driven valve, the first water tank and the second water tank;First water tank and second water tank weld respectively Connect the outer upper ends in the transformer station box opposite sides, the top of first water tank and second water tank is higher than At the top of the transformer station box, first water tank, second water tank are contacted with the transformer station box respectively Wall surface on be both provided with the ventilation circular hole of same size, the wall that first water tank is contacted with the transformer station box Be provided with drain tube holes on face, first water tank, second water tank ventilation circular hole be welded with 90 degree of swan necks Road, the other end nozzle of 90 degree of elbow pipelines downward and and with corresponding first water tank, second water tank Bottom distance be greater than 15cm, the nozzle diameter of 90 degree of elbow pipelines is identical as the ventilation diameter of circular hole, described The bottom of first water tank and second water tank is both provided with discharge outlet, and the discharge outlet caliber is greater than 10cm, the row The mouth of a river is connect with the lower well of municipal administration by pipeline, the ventilation circular hole on the opposite side inner wall of the transformer station box respectively with One end of the first flange and one end of the second flange are welded to connect, the other end of the first flange and described second The other end of flange is connected separately with 90 degree of elbow pipelines, and the other end nozzle of 90 degree of elbow pipelines is downward, described The diameter of ventilation circular hole is equal to the diameter of the first flange, the second flange, and the check valve and the air-out fan are logical It crosses screw and is fixed on the intermediate first flange, the motor-driven valve and the air inlet fan and be fixed by screws in second method It is blue intermediate, it is provided with cowling at the top of first water tank and second water tank, has parallel on the cowling Column several slots, the third flange welding on the drain tube holes, the third flange by pipeline with it is described Stilt layer connection.
Preferably, the high-voltage board, the transformer and the low-voltage cabinet are L-shaped close to the transformer station box inner wall It puts, the high-voltage board and the transformer are arranged side by side.
Preferably, it is described the low-voltage cabinet to be isolated in that plug-type tempered glass division plate door is provided in the mechanical floor Except high-voltage board and the transformer;There are several apertures on the plug-type tempered glass division plate door, the aperture proper alignment, Aperture is greater than 1cm, pitch of holes is less than 20cm;The plug-type tempered glass division plate door height is greater than 1.5m, and width is equal to described The length of transformer station box.
Preferably, the Stilt layer bottom ramped shaped high in intermediate low surrounding, and ramp angles are greater than 3 degree;The frame Topography lowest part is provided with catch basin among dead level, and the catch basin is cylindrical, and body diameter is greater than 20cm;It is described to catchment Draining pump and upper and lower liquid level control switch, one end company of the draining pump and the liquid level control switch up and down are provided in slot It connects, the other end of the liquid level control switch up and down is connect with low-voltage cabinet, is provided with high liquid level report on the Stilt layer side wall Alert switch, the high liquid level warning switch are connect with the controller, and the controller is connect with the high-voltage board, the draining The water inlet pipe of pump puts in the catch basin, and the outlet pipe of the draining pump and the third flange pass through screw connection.
Preferably, it is provided with access hole and equipment hoisting mouth at the top of the transformer station box, is higher than at the top of the access hole At the top of the transformer station box, the access hole is greater than the square of 45cm in side length, and the equipment hoisting mouth is rectangle, institute It states access hole and the equipment hoisting mouth size is respectively set and be consistent lid, the lid is hung with the access hole, the equipment It fills and is correspondingly arranged on rubber seal on the contact surface of mouth, the lid and the access hole, the equipment hoisting mouth is corresponding makes It is fastened with screw and is provided with lock.
Preferably, be provided with immediately below the access hole remote control lift ladder, the remote control lift ladder power supply with it is described low Cabinet connection is pressed, the platform of the lifting of the remote control lift ladder is provided with four sides guardrail, wherein guardrail described in three faces is solid by screw It is scheduled on the hoistable platform, guardrail described in fourth face is connect by hinge with an adjacent face guardrail, the four sides guardrail Height is greater than 1m.
Preferably, ups power, the input end company of the low-voltage cabinet and the ups power are provided with beside the low-voltage cabinet It connects, the outlet end of the ups power is connect with the cable of several small-power office electricity consumption equipment.
Preferably, be provided with headlamp among the transformer station box inner top, the headlamp respectively with low-voltage cabinet and The ups power connection.
In technical solution of the present invention, complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation proposed by the present invention passes through warm by first Degree sensor, second temperature sensor signal detected pass to controller, then control immersible pump, air-out fan by controller It is its intelligent heat dissipation with air inlet fan, intelligence degree is high, heat sinking function is perfect, radiating mode is diversified.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with The structure shown according to these attached drawings obtains other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure distribution schematic diagram of mechanical floor in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1 buried prepackage type intelligent green substation entirely;
Fig. 4 is the side view of Fig. 1 buried prepackage type intelligent green substation entirely;
Fig. 5 is the structure of the first, second pipeline of the complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation of one embodiment of the invention Schematic diagram.
Drawing reference numeral explanation:
Label Title Label Title
1 Circulating fan 21 Stilt layer
2 Transformer station box 22 First flange
3 Immersible pump 23 Second flange
4 Controller 24 Third flange
5 First temperature sensor 25 Check valve
6 Second temperature sensor 26 Motor-driven valve
7 Humidity sensor 27 First water tank
8 Air-out fan 28 Second water tank
9 Air inlet fan 29 90 degree of elbow pipelines
10 Transformer 30 Cowling
11 High-voltage board 31 Plug-type tempered glass division plate door
12 Low-voltage cabinet 32 Catch basin
13 First pipe 33 Draining pump
14 Second pipe 34 Upper and lower liquid level control switch
15 High pressure inlet wire cable 35 High liquid level warning switch
16 High-voltage terminal cable 36 Access hole
17 Low pressure inlet wire cable 37 Equipment hoisting mouth
18 Low-pressure line-outgoing cable 38 Remote control lift ladder
19 Mechanical floor 39 Ups power
20 Cable floor 40 Headlamp
The embodiments will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings for the realization, the function and the advantages of the object of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Base Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts it is all its His embodiment, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It is to be appreciated that the directional instruction (such as up, down, left, right, before and after ...) of institute is only used in the embodiment of the present invention In explaining in relative positional relationship, the motion conditions etc. under a certain particular pose (as shown in the picture) between each component, if should When particular pose changes, then directionality instruction also correspondingly changes correspondingly.
In addition, the description for being such as related to " first ", " second " in the present invention is used for description purposes only, and should not be understood as Its relative importance of indication or suggestion or the quantity for implicitly indicating indicated technical characteristic.Define as a result, " first ", The feature of " second " can explicitly or implicitly include at least one of the features.In the description of the present invention, " multiple " contain Justice is at least two, such as two, three etc., unless otherwise specifically defined.
In this opposite unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " connection ", " fixation " etc. shall be understood in a broad sense, For example, " fixation " may be a fixed connection, it may be a detachable connection, or integral;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to Electrical connection;It can be directly connected, the connection inside two elements or two can also be can be indirectly connected through an intermediary The interaction relationship of a element, unless otherwise restricted clearly.It for the ordinary skill in the art, can basis Concrete condition understands the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention.
It in addition, the technical solution between each embodiment of the present invention can be combined with each other, but must be general with this field Based on logical technical staff can be realized, it will be understood that when the combination of technical solution appearance is conflicting or cannot achieve this The combination of technical solution is not present, also not the present invention claims protection scope within.
The present invention proposes a kind of complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation.
Please refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, a kind of complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation proposed by the present invention includes circulating fan 1, transformer station box 2, first pipe 13, second pipe 14, immersible pump 3, controller 4, the first temperature sensor 5, second temperature Sensor 6, air-out fan 8, air inlet fan 9 and the transformer 10 being set in the transformer station box 2, high-voltage board 11 and low Press cabinet 12;The immersible pump 3 is arranged in underground water, is connected by first pipe 13 with the transformer station box 2;Described first Pipeline 13 is connected with the second pipe 14 being arranged in the transformer station box 2, and the diameter of the first pipe 13 is greater than described The diameter of second pipe 14, and the second pipe 14 by the periphery of 2 inner top of transformer station box to center equally Annular arrangement, the pipeline for constituting each side of annular is wavy, wherein the spacing between two adjacent annulars is according to described second The areal calculation of the diameter of pipeline 14 and substation station cabinet inner top obtains;The circulating fan 1 is arranged described The periphery of transformer 10, the high-voltage board 11 and the low-voltage cabinet 12, and the circulating fan 1 with tilt angle towards the change 2 inner top of power station cabinet;The outer top of the transformer station box 2 is provided with first temperature sensor 5, the transformer station box Side in 2 close to transformer 10 is provided with the second temperature sensor 6, and humidity biography is provided in the transformer station box 2 Sensor 7, first temperature sensing, the second temperature sensor 6, the humidity sensor 7 connect with the controller 4 respectively It connects, the controller 4 connects with the air inlet fan 9, the air-out fan 8, the circulating fan 1 and the immersible pump 3 respectively It connects, the air inlet fan 9 and the air-out fan 8 are connected.
In technical solution of the present invention, when the first temperature sensor 5 detects that outdoor temperature value is less than or equal to second When passing the value that temperature sensor 6 detects, air inlet fan 9 and air-out fan 8 are opened, and make air and outside air in transformer station box 2 Circulation, so that temperature in transformer station box 2 be made to reduce.When the first temperature sensor 5 detects that outdoor temperature value is greater than second When the value that temperature sensor 6 detects, outdoor high temperature air is brought into substation's transformer station box 2, air inlet fan 9 in order to prevent Closed with air-out fan 8, and start immersible pump 3 and circulating fan 1, by underground water pump by with it is empty in transformer station box 2 Gas heat exchange is to reduce the temperature in substation.When humidity sensor 7 monitors that humidity is greater than the set value, air inlet fan is opened 9 and air-out fan 8 damp atmosphere in transformer station box 2 is exchanged with outside air, and then reduce transformer station box 2 in Air humidity.
Specifically, in summer, underground water temperature is low, and underground water is evacuated to the second pipe through first pipe 13 by immersible pump 3 The hot wind on the side of transformer 10 is blowed to second pipe 14 by road 14, circulating fan 1, the underground water in hot wind and second pipe 14 into Row heat exchange, and then the air themperature in transformer station box 2 is reduced, the low temperature environment that heat is taken back underground by underground water is naturally cold But.By the annular arrangement by second pipe 14 by the periphery of 2 inner top of transformer station box to center equally, annular is constituted The pipeline on each side is wavy, increases the contact area of pipeline and air, improves the efficiency of air Yu underground hydrothermal exchange, Preferably solves the problems, such as substation's fever.
Referring to Fig.1 and 2, complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation includes high pressure inlet wire cable 15, high-voltage terminal Cable 16, low pressure inlet wire cable 17 and low-pressure line-outgoing cable 18;It is divided into mechanical floor from top to bottom in the transformer station box 2 19, cable floor 20 and Stilt layer 21, and partition is equipped between adjacent two layers;Every layer of partition offers several apertures, and institute Small hole number is stated no more than 10, the diameter of the aperture is less than 2cm;Institute between the cable floor 20 and the mechanical floor 19 It states and offers several cable aperture on partition and passed through with current supply cable;The layer height of the cable floor 20 is less than 20cm, the Stilt layer 21 Layer height be less than 15cm, the Stilt layer 21 and the cable floor 20 are both provided with several flange beam stands, described in several Flange beam stand is arranged in parallel in the cable floor 20 and the Stilt layer 21, and the height of the flange beam stand in every layer Identical as the corresponding cable floor 20, the height of the Stilt layer 21, the second pipe 14 is arranged in the mechanical floor 19 Top, the high-voltage board 11, the low-voltage cabinet 12 and the transformer 10 are arranged in the mechanical floor 19, the high pressure inlet wire Cable 15 and the low-pressure line-outgoing cable 18 are arranged in the cable floor 20;The high pressure inlet wire cable 15 passes through the substation Cabinet 2 puts in the cable floor 20, and high pressure inlet wire cable 15 described in the cable floor 20 puts in equipment by the cable aperture Layer 19 is connected with 11 end of incoming cables of high-voltage board, and 11 leading-out terminal of high-voltage board is linked with 10 end of incoming cables of transformer, described 10 leading-out terminal of transformer is connect with 12 end of incoming cables of low-voltage cabinet, and 12 leading-out terminal of low-voltage cabinet passes through the mechanical floor 19 and institute It states the cable aperture between cable layer on the partition and puts in cable floor 20, the low-pressure line-outgoing line in the cable floor 20 Cable 18 passes through the transformer station box 2 and is connected to each electrical equipment.
By will be divided into three layers of upper, middle and lower inside transformer station box 2, effective solution in the prior art insult by on-site cable Disorderly, since device bottom ponding is moist, damage is led to the problem of to equipment.By setting partition and on partition aperture effect That the water of mechanical floor 19 and cable floor 20 is made to flow to Stilt layer 21 by aperture, the quantity in hole is excessive and aperture will affect greatly very much every The intensity of plate, so the quantity of aperture is no more than 10, aperture is less than 2cm.Cable aperture is offered on partition for across cable The cable that needs between layer 20 and mechanical floor 19 connect, the size of cable aperture can be set according to the size of cable.In order to mention Rubber seal is arranged in the junction of transformer station box 2 and disengaging cable in the leakproofness of high transformer station box 2.Cable floor 20 With the setting of Stilt layer 21 is too high will cause space hold unnecessary, waste material, also will affect the height of mechanical floor 19.Cause It is all the heavier equipment that compares for the transformer 10, high-voltage board 11, low-voltage cabinet 12 of mechanical floor 19, so needing the load-bearing of bottom Ability reaches standard.Stilt layer 21 and cable floor 20 are provided with several I-steel and discharge I-steel is parallel, can reinforce The load-bearing capacity of bottom two layers.
Referring once again to Fig. 1, complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation further include first flange 22, second flange 23, Third flange 24, check valve 25, motor-driven valve 26, the first water tank 27 and the second water tank 28;First water tank 27 and institute State the outer upper ends that the second water tank 28 is respectively welded at 2 opposite sides of transformer station box, 27 He of the first water tank The top of second water tank 28 is higher than 2 top of transformer station box, first water tank 27, second water tank The ventilation circular hole of same size, first product are both provided on 28 wall surfaces contacted respectively with the transformer station box 2 Drain tube holes, first water tank 27, described are provided on the wall surface that water tank 27 is contacted with the transformer station box 2 The ventilation circular hole of two water tanks 28 is welded with 90 degree of elbow pipelines 29, and the other end nozzle of 90 degree of elbow pipelines 29 is downward And and with corresponding first water tank 27, second water tank 28 bottom at a distance from be greater than 15cm, described 90 degree are curved The nozzle diameter in head tube road 29 is identical as the ventilation diameter of circular hole, first water tank 27 and second water tank 28 Bottom be both provided with discharge outlet, the discharge outlet caliber is greater than 10cm, and the discharge outlet and the lower well of municipal administration pass through pipeline company Connect, the ventilation circular hole on the opposite side inner wall of the transformer station box 2 respectively with the first flange 22 and described second Flange 23 is welded to connect, and the diameter of the ventilation circular hole is equal to the diameter of the first flange 22, the second flange 23, described Check valve 25 and the air-out fan 8 be fixed by screws in the intermediate first flange 22, the motor-driven valve 26 and it is described into Wind fan 9 is fixed by screws among the second flange 23, first water tank 27 and second water tank 28 top Portion is provided with cowling 30, there is several slots arranged in parallel on the cowling 30, and the third flange 24 welds On the drain tube holes, the third flange 24 is connect by pipeline with the Stilt layer 21.
By setting water tank be used to collect rainwater, Stilt layer 21 ponding and it is rainy when flow into the rainwater of cowling 30, Then the water in the first water tank 27 and the second water tank 28 is arranged to municipal sewer by discharge outlet.First water tank, 27 He It is additionally provided with ventilation circular hole in second water tank 28, is welded on ventilation circular hole and nozzle downward using 90 degree of elbow pipelines 29, It is that rainwater is flowed into inside 90 degree of elbow pipelines 29 by cowling 30 in order to prevent, and then is flowed into transformer station box 2, improves The degree of safety of equipment.Extraneous air is passed sequentially through into 30,90 degree of elbow pipelines 29 of cowling by air inlet fan 9, ventilation is justified Hole, second flange 23 enter in transformer station box 2, and the air in transformer station box 2 is passed sequentially through the first method by air-out fan 8 Orchid 22, ventilation circular hole, 90 degree of elbow pipelines 29, cowling 30 are discharged to the external world.Design in this way is in order not to push up in transformer station box 2 Portion's aperture realizes that multiple function is integrated in water supply power transformation by complete buried effect, the leakproofness of the transformer station box 2 also enhanced It stands cabinet 2, design structure is compact.In order to improve the leakproofness of transformer station box 2, the influence to prevent natural disaster, in the first method Check valve 25 is provided among orchid 22, when air-out fan 8 is opened, check valve 25 is blown open, when air-out fan 8 stops, unidirectionally Valve 25 is automatically closed, and the centre of second flange 23 is provided with motor-driven valve 26, and when air inlet fan 9 starts, motor-driven valve 26 obtains electric automatic It opens, when air inlet fan 9 stops, 26 power loss of motor-driven valve is automatically closed, and effectively enhances the leakproofness of transformer station box 2 and right The resilience of natural calamity.Discharge outlet caliber is greater than 10cm, is the drainage speed in order to accelerate discharge outlet.90 degree of elbow pipelines 29 nozzle and the first water tank 27, the second water tank 28 bottom at a distance from be greater than 15cm, be to increase 90 degree of swan necks The safe distance of the bottom of the nozzle in road 29 and the first water tank 27, the second water tank 28, prevents air inlet fan 9 by the first ponding Water suck-back in case 27 or the second water tank 28 causes the damage of equipment into transformer station box 2.
Referring once again to Fig. 2, the high-voltage board 11, the transformer 10 and the low-voltage cabinet 12 are close to substation's case 2 inner wall of body is L-shaped to be put, and the high-voltage board 11 and the transformer 10 are arranged side by side.
By the way that high-voltage board 11, transformer 10 and the L-shaped setting of low-voltage cabinet 12 is more reasonable than existing Chinese character pin-shaped setting, The activity space of people is increased, existing narrow space at random is become into roomy whole space, saves the length of route.
Preferably, plug-type tempered glass division plate door 31 is provided in the mechanical floor 19 so that the low-voltage cabinet 12 to be isolated Except the high-voltage board 11 and the transformer 10;There are several apertures on the plug-type tempered glass division plate door 31, it is described Aperture proper alignment, aperture are greater than 1cm, pitch of holes is less than 20cm;Plug-type 31 height of tempered glass division plate door is greater than 1.5m, width are equal to the length of the transformer station box 2.
By the way that plug-type tempered glass division plate door 31 is arranged, high-voltage board 11, transformer 10 and low-voltage cabinet 12 are separated, pushed and pulled 31 height of formula tempered glass division plate door is greater than 1.5m, and width is equal to the length of the transformer station box 2, because staff's is normal Rule operation is typically all on low-voltage cabinet 12, so the peace of staff can be effectively protected in plug-type tempered glass division plate door 31 Entirely, influence of the noise of isolating transformer 10 to staff.Aperture, aperture are provided on plug-type tempered glass division plate door 31 Be set greater than 1cm and be to guarantee the flowing of the heat in transformer station box 2 uniformly, pitch of holes be set smaller than 20cm be in order to Guarantee the intensity of plug-type tempered glass division plate door 31, it is not easy to damage.
Please refer to Fig. 1,21 bottom of the Stilt layer ramped shaped high in intermediate low surrounding;The intermediate topography of the Stilt layer 21 Lowest part is provided with catch basin 32, and the catch basin 32 is cylindrical;Be provided in the catch basin 32 draining pump 33 and up and down Liquid level control switch 34, the draining pump 33 are connect with one end of the liquid level control switch 34 up and down, the liquid level control up and down The other end of system switch 34 is connect with low-voltage cabinet 12, is provided with high liquid level warning switch 35, institute on 21 side wall of Stilt layer It states high liquid level warning switch 35 to connect with the controller 4, the controller 4 is connect with the high-voltage board 11, the draining pump 33 water inlet pipe puts in the catch basin 32, and the outlet pipe of the draining pump 33 and the third flange 24 pass through screw connection.
In order to collect the water in Stilt layer 21, by the way that 21 bottom of Stilt layer is arranged to the high ramped shaped of intermediate low surrounding; The intermediate topography lowest part of Stilt layer 21 is provided with catch basin 32.The catch basin 32 is cylindrical, can fill more water, also facilitate Draining pump 33 is mounted in catch basin 32.Two position switch is provided in catch basin 32, it can be with efficient dominating set sink Water level in 32 starts draining pump 33 by controller 4 and starts when water level is higher than high level switch, when water level is lower than low liquid level When switch, draining pump 33 is stopped by controller 4, wherein upper and lower liquid level control switch 34 is connect with low-voltage cabinet 12 to directly acquire Power supply.It is provided with high liquid level warning switch 35 on 21 side wall of Stilt layer, when water level exceeds high liquid level warning switch 35, in order to protect The all devices in transformer station box 2 are protected, 11 power supply of high-voltage board and remote alarms are disconnected by controller 4.
Preferably, the underface of the access hole 36 is provided with remote control lift ladder 38, terraced 38 power supplys of the remote control lift with The low-voltage cabinet 12 connects, and the platform of the lifting of the remote control lift ladder 38 is provided with four sides guardrail, wherein guardrail described in three faces It is fixed by screws on the hoistable platform, guardrail described in fourth face is connect by hinge with an adjacent face guardrail, described The height of four sides guardrail is greater than 1m.
By the way that remote control lift ladder 38 is arranged, the carrying tool of staff is facilitated to enter in transformer station box 2, if setting Stair, the tool that staff carries weight, which lives machine, to be then inconvenient to go downstairs.The height of four sides guardrail and four sides guardrail is set It is the safety in order to protect staff greater than 1m, wherein a face guardrail is as door.
Referring once again to Fig. 3, access hole 36 and equipment hoisting mouth 37, the inspection are provided at the top of the transformer station box 2 It repairs and is higher than 2 top of transformer station box at the top of mouth 36, size is respectively set in the access hole 36 and the equipment hoisting mouth 37 Be consistent lid, the lid and the access hole 36, the equipment hoisting mouth 37 contact surface on be correspondingly arranged on rubber seal Circle, the lid and the access hole 36, the equipment hoisting mouth 37 is corresponding uses screw fastening and be provided with lock.
By setting access hole 36 and equipment hoisting mouth 37, the disengaging of personnel and equipment can be convenient in maintenance.Pass through Lid and rubber seal are set, sealing can be played, prevents the rainwater at top from entering in transformer station box 2.By setting Setting lock can prevent personage without fixed duties from entering in transformer station box 2, cause the danger of personnel.
Ups power 39 is provided with beside the low-voltage cabinet 12, the input end of the low-voltage cabinet 12 and the ups power 39 connects It connects, the outlet end of the ups power 39 is connect with the cable of several small-power office electricity consumption equipment.
By the way that ups power 39 is arranged, in the case where any one power-off, it can guarantee that office worker has and save the slow of file It rushes the time, can also make the normal operation of remote control lift ladder 38, can also be being powered with electric tool for maintenance personal, facilitate maintenance.
Be provided with headlamp 40 among 2 inner top of transformer station box, the headlamp 40 respectively with low-voltage cabinet 12 and The ups power 39 connects.
When substation operates normally, headlamp 40 uses the power supply of low-voltage cabinet 12, when the feelings for any power-off occur When condition, headlamp 40 facilitates maintenance personal to work using the electricity of ups power 39.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, all at this Under the design of invention, using equivalent structure transformation made by description of the invention and accompanying drawing content, or directly/it is used in it indirectly He is included in scope of patent protection of the invention relevant technical field.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation, which is characterized in that it includes circulating fan, transformer station box, the One pipeline, second pipe, immersible pump, controller, the first temperature sensor, second temperature sensor, humidity sensor, outlet air wind Fan, air inlet fan and the transformer being set in the transformer station box, high-voltage board and low-voltage cabinet;The immersible pump setting exists In underground water, it is connected by first pipe with the transformer station box;The first pipe and setting are in the transformer station box Interior second pipe is connected, and the diameter of the first pipe is greater than the diameter of the second pipe, and the second pipe is by institute Annular arrangement of the periphery of transformer station box inner top to center equally is stated, the pipeline for constituting each side of annular is wavy, Wherein, the spacing between two adjacent annulars is according to the diameter of the second pipe and the face of the transformer station box inner top Product, which calculates, to be obtained;The periphery of the transformer, the high-voltage board and the low-voltage cabinet is arranged in the circulating fan, and described follows Ring fan is with tilt angle towards the transformer station box inner top;The outer top of the transformer station box is provided with first temperature Sensor is spent, the side of close transformer is provided with the second temperature sensor, the substation in the transformer station box Humidity sensor, first temperature sensing, the second temperature sensor, humidity sensor difference are provided in cabinet Connect with the controller, the controller respectively with the air inlet fan, the air-out fan, the circulating fan and described Immersible pump connection, the air inlet fan and air-out fan series connection;The complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation also wraps Include high pressure inlet wire cable, high-voltage terminal cable, low pressure inlet wire cable and low-pressure line-outgoing cable;In the transformer station box from up to Under be divided into mechanical floor, cable floor and Stilt layer, and between adjacent two layers be equipped with partition;Every layer of partition offers several Aperture, and the small hole number is no more than 10, the diameter of the aperture is less than 2cm;The cable floor and the mechanical floor it Between the partition on offer several cable aperture and passed through with current supply cable;The layer height of the cable floor is less than 20cm, described aerial The layer height of layer is less than 15cm, and the Stilt layer and the cable floor are both provided with several flange beam stands, several works Word steel bracket is arranged in parallel in the cable floor and the Stilt layer, and the height of the flange beam stand in every layer with it is corresponding The cable floor, the height of the Stilt layer it is identical, the top of the mechanical floor, the high pressure is arranged in the second pipe Cabinet, the low-voltage cabinet and the transformer are arranged in the mechanical floor, the high pressure inlet wire cable and the low-pressure line-outgoing cable It is arranged in the cable floor;The high pressure inlet wire cable puts in the cable floor, the cable floor by the transformer station box Described in high pressure inlet wire cable put in mechanical floor by the cable aperture and connected with the high-voltage board end of incoming cables, the high-voltage board goes out Line end is linked with the transformer end of incoming cables, and the inducer for line outlet end of transformer is connect with the low-voltage cabinet end of incoming cables, the low-voltage cabinet Leading-out terminal puts in cable floor, the cable by the cable aperture between the mechanical floor and the cable layer on the partition The low-pressure line-outgoing cable in layer passes through the transformer station box and is connected to each electrical equipment.
2. complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include the first method Orchid, second flange, third flange, check valve, motor-driven valve, the first water tank and the second water tank;First water tank and institute State the outer upper ends that the second water tank is respectively welded at the transformer station box opposite sides, first water tank and described The top of two water tanks is higher than at the top of the transformer station box, first water tank, second water tank respectively with it is described The ventilation circular hole of same size, first water tank and the power transformation are both provided on the wall surface of transformer station box welding contact Drain tube holes, the ventilation circular hole of first water tank, second water tank are provided on the wall surface of welding box body of standing contact Be welded with 90 degree of elbow pipelines, the other end nozzle of 90 degree of elbow pipelines downward and and with corresponding first ponding The distance of the bottom of case, second water tank is greater than 15cm, and the nozzle diameter of 90 degree of elbow pipelines and the ventilation are justified The diameter in hole is identical, and the bottom of first water tank and second water tank is both provided with discharge outlet, the discharge outlet pipe Diameter is greater than 10cm, and the discharge outlet is connect with the lower well of municipal administration by pipeline, on the opposite side inner wall of the transformer station box The ventilation circular hole is welded to connect with the first flange and the second flange respectively, and the diameter of the ventilation circular hole is equal to institute The diameter of first flange, the second flange is stated, the check valve and the air-out fan are fixed by screws in described first Flange is intermediate, the motor-driven valve and the air inlet fan are fixed by screws among the second flange, first ponding It is provided with cowling at the top of case and second water tank, there is several slots arranged in parallel, institute on the cowling Third flange welding is stated on the drain tube holes, the third flange is connect by pipeline with the Stilt layer.
3. complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the high-voltage board, institute It states transformer and the low-voltage cabinet and puts close to the transformer station box inner wall is L-shaped, the high-voltage board and the transformer It is arranged side by side.
4. complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation according to claim 3, which is characterized in that set in the mechanical floor Plug-type tempered glass division plate door is equipped with so that the low-voltage cabinet to be isolated in except the high-voltage board and the transformer;It is described to push away There are several apertures on pull-type tempered glass division plate door, the aperture proper alignment, aperture are greater than 1cm, pitch of holes is less than 20cm;Institute Plug-type tempered glass division plate door height is stated greater than 1.5m, width is equal to the length of the transformer station box.
5. complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the Stilt layer bottom In the high ramped shaped of intermediate low surrounding;Topography lowest part is provided with catch basin among the Stilt layer, and the catch basin is in cylinder Shape;Draining pump and upper and lower liquid level control switch are provided in the catch basin, the draining pump is opened with the Liquid level up and down One end of pass connects, and the other end of the liquid level control switch up and down is connect with low-voltage cabinet, is arranged on the Stilt layer side wall There is high liquid level warning switch, the high liquid level warning switch is connect with the controller, and the controller and the high-voltage board connect It connects, the water inlet pipe of the draining pump puts in the catch basin, and the outlet pipe of the draining pump and the third flange pass through screw Connection.
6. complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the transformer station box Top is provided with access hole and equipment hoisting mouth, is higher than at the top of the transformer station box at the top of the access hole, the access hole Size is respectively set with the equipment hoisting mouth to be consistent lid, the lid and the access hole, the equipment hoisting mouth connect It is correspondingly arranged on rubber seal in contacting surface, the lid and the access hole, the equipment hoisting mouth is corresponding uses thread Tightly and it is provided with lock.
7. complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the access hole is just Lower section is provided with remote control lift ladder, and the remote control lift ladder power supply is connect with the low-voltage cabinet, the lifting of the remote control lift ladder Platform be provided with four sides guardrail, wherein guardrail described in three faces is fixed by screws on the hoistable platform, described in fourth face Guardrail is connect by hinge with an adjacent face guardrail, and the height of the four sides guardrail is greater than 1m.
8. complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that beside the low-voltage cabinet Be provided with ups power, the low-voltage cabinet is connect with the input end of the ups power, the outlet end of the ups power with it is several small The cable of power office electricity consumption equipment connects.
9. complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the transformer station box Headlamp is provided among inner top, the headlamp is connect with low-voltage cabinet and the ups power respectively.
CN201810247390.0A 2018-03-23 2018-03-23 Complete buried prepackage type intelligent green substation Active CN108493823B (en)

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CN111341523A (en) * 2020-02-26 2020-06-26 浙江江山华宁电器有限公司 Transformer easy to assemble

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