A kind of sweeper and sweeper clearing apparatus
The present invention relates to sanitation equipment field more particularly to a kind of clearing apparatus of sweeper.
Road sweeper (or sweeper) be will sweep the floor, the integrated refuse cleaning vehicle that dust suction is combined, have working efficiency
The advantages that height, cleaning cost is low, and cleaning effect is good, and security performance is high, and economic rate of return is high, has been widely used in each big-and-middle
The cleaning works of small city road, it is especially relatively conventional in public places such as supermarket, airport, stations.
Current road sweeper is used to clean the side brush of rubbish substantially there are two types of form, and one is fixed, side brushes
It can only be rotated around its fixing axle, can not control or be moved forward and backward, such as the Chinese invention patent institute of Publication No. CN104790328A
Disclosed road sweeper etc.；Another kind, side brush can be driven by support arm and control, be moved forward and backward, as notification number is
Sweeper etc. disclosed in the Chinese utility model patent of CN206467614U.
This two classes sweeper, since side is brushed irremovable, the case where when cleaning usually will appear drain sweep, slag object can be from for the former
Gap between the brush of two sides leaks through, and needs individually to clean the region of drain sweep again, leads to repeated work, less efficient.Afterwards
Although person side brush can move, the movement needs of side brush are manually operated when cleaning, if the personnel of cleaning do not inspect slag
Object or not timely mobile side brush, can similarly have the case where drain sweep, it is still desirable to repeat to clean again, also result in effect
The low problem of rate.
To overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of sweeper and sweeper clearing apparatus.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions：Sweeper clearing apparatus, including：
Synchronous belt drive mechanism, including two belt wheels and a synchronous belt, synchronous belt is arranged between both pulleys, by band
Wheel drives and moves, wherein a belt wheel is connected on the output shaft of first motor；
Circular orbit, closed form is installed on the periphery of the synchronous belt in a ring, and maintains between synchronous belt constant
At least three groups of cleaning agencies, each group cleaning agency include shell, the second motor, first bevel gear, the second cone tooth
Wheel, connecting shaft, brush of sweeping the floor and interface components；The shell is located at the lower section of the circular orbit, the described second electricity
Machine is fixed in the shell, and the output shaft horizontal extension of the second motor, the first bevel gear is installed on the output shaft
End, the connecting shaft is vertically arranged, and is equipped with the second bevel gear at the top of connecting shaft, second bevel gear and the
One bevel gear is meshed, and connecting shaft vertically runs through the bottom faces of the shell and in through part by bearing and cage connection,
The brush of sweeping the floor is installed on the bottom of the connecting shaft, and the bottom for brush of sweeping the floor is provided with the cleaning for being directly used in and cleaning ground
Head；The interface components are installed on the top of the shell, and the cleaning agency is by the interface components along the ring
Shape track moves freely, and the inside of interface components is hinged with the connector being fixed on synchronous belt；
Wherein, each group cleaning agency is along the circular orbit equidistantly distributed.
Further, the interface components include top plate, connecting plate, idler wheel and support plate；The top plate is located at institute
State the top of circular orbit, the inside of top plate is connected with the connecting plate, the inside of connecting plate by ledge arrangement with it is described
Connector it is hinged, the bottom of top plate is connect with the top of the shell by the support plate, and the idler wheel is located at institute
Between the top plate and shell stated, fixing axle of the idler wheel around its center rotates, what idler wheel can be arranged along the circular orbit side
Further, each interface components include the idler wheel described in four, and two of which idler wheel is located at the ring
On the outside of shape track, other two idler wheel is then located at the inside of the circular orbit, and positioned at two idler wheels of circular orbit homonymy
It is separated by the support plate.
Further, it is additionally provided with accumulator in the shell, the output end of the accumulator and second motor
Input terminal is electrically connected.
Further, the cleaning head is plastic brush.
When work, start the second motor of first motor and each group of cleaning agency；The rotation of second motor can pass through
The cooperation of first bevel gear and second bevel gear drives connecting shaft rotation, and then drives the sweep brush disc spins below connecting shaft,
Dust, the slag object on ground are cleared up；The rotation of first motor can then drive synchronous belt rotation, synchronous belt by two belt wheels
Rotation each cleaning agency can be driven along circular orbit cycle rotation, and then brush of sweeping the floor will also be followed along circular orbit
Ring rotates.To sweep the floor when, work brush on the one hand can around connecting shaft rotation, on the other hand can also under the drive of synchronous belt around
Two belt wheel revolution；When the personnel of cleaning drive or sweeper is pushed to move forward, the rotation of brush of sweeping the floor can clear up dust,
Slag object, revolution can shift the cleaning range for brush of sweeping the floor to horizontal direction；As long as the size design of each component is reasonable, clean
The quantity connection and reasonable arrangement of mechanism, the forward speed of sweeper are suitable, so that it may to ensure that the clearing apparatus by the present invention covered ground
Face can be swept into, even if having slag object from can be by subsequent cleaning agency if being leaked through between any two cleaning agency of front
It sweeps to.
Based on above-mentioned principle, the present invention has the advantages that：Not only the brush of sweeping the floor of rotation but also revolution, avoids and sweeps
Ground machine walks out-of-date drain sweep situation that may be present, avoids drain sweep and the problem of repeating cleaning, the duplication of labour is just not present；In addition,
With existing side brush need hand-operated control lever move sweeper compared with, clearing apparatus of the invention be mounted on sweeper on
Afterwards, there is no the drain sweep situations that do not inspected there are cleaning personnel caused by slag object or not timely mobile side brush.
The present invention also provides a kind of sweeper, including body and the clearing apparatus that is installed below the body, it is described
Clearing apparatus is clearing apparatus described above.
Further, in each cleaning agency of the clearing apparatus minimum point of cleaning head be respectively positioned on ground surface nearby or can
It is driven by driving mechanism and is touched to ground surface.
Further, it is provided with dust exhaust apparatus above region between both pulleys.
Further, water injector is provided in front of clearing apparatus.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the vertical view of clearing apparatus of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of cleaning agency and synchronous band connection in the present invention；
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of cleaning agency in the present invention；
Fig. 4 is the A direction views of Fig. 1.
Specific implementation mode
Technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to
It is as described below.
As Figure 1-Figure 4, it is a kind of sweeper clearing apparatus provided in this embodiment, including synchronous belt drive mechanism
1, circular orbit 2, at least three groups of cleaning agencies 3.
The synchronous belt drive mechanism 1 includes that two belt wheels 11 and a synchronous belt 12, synchronous belt 12 are set in two
It between belt wheel 11, is driven by belt wheel 11 and is moved, wherein a belt wheel 11 is connected on the output shaft of first motor 13, such as Fig. 4 institutes
Show, i.e. the belt wheel 11 in left side is connected on the output shaft of first motor 13.
Closed form is installed on the periphery of the synchronous belt 12 to the circular orbit 2 in a ring, and between synchronous belt 12
Constant space is maintained, i.e. spacing between 2 any position of circular orbit and synchronous belt 12 is equal, shown in Figure 1.
It is shown in Figure 3, each group cleaning agency 3 include shell 31, the second motor 32, first bevel gear 33,
Second bevel gear 34, connecting shaft 35, brush of sweeping the floor 36 and interface components 37；The shell 31 is located at the circular orbit 2
Lower section, shape generally cuboid and inner hollow, the tail portion of second motor 32 are fixed in the shell 31
On vertical wall surface, the output shaft horizontal extension of the second motor 32, the first bevel gear 33 is installed on the end of the output shaft,
The connecting shaft 35 is vertically arranged, and the top of connecting shaft 35 is equipped with the second bevel gear 34, second bevel gear 34 with
First bevel gear 33 is meshed, connecting shaft 35 vertically run through the bottom of the shell 31 and through part by bearing 38 with it is outer
Shell 31 connects, and to which connecting shaft 35 can be freely rotated, the brush 36 of sweeping the floor is installed on the bottom of the connecting shaft 35, sweeps the floor
The bottom of brush 36 is provided with the cleaning head 361 for being directly used in and cleaning ground；The interface components 37 are installed on the shell
31 top, the cleaning agency 3 are moved freely by the interface components 37 along the circular orbit 2, interface components 37
Inside be hinged with the connector 4 for being fixed on the outside of synchronous belt 12.
Wherein, each group cleaning agency 3 is with five groups of cleaning agencies 3 in figure along 2 equidistantly distributed of circular orbit
Example, but should be noted, in varied situations, the particular number of cleaning agency 3 need size according to each component of clearing apparatus etc. because
About the interface components 37, structure type can be diversified, as long as can meet above-mentioned function i.e.
It can, that is, can meet and be slid along circular orbit 2 with the mobile drive cleaning agency 3 of synchronous belt 12, enumerate one of which knot herein
Configuration formula, it is specific as follows：Shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the interface components 37 include top plate 371, connecting plate 372, idler wheel
373 and support plate 374；The top plate 371 is located at the top of the circular orbit 2, the inside of top plate 371 and the connection
Plate 372 is connected, and the inside of connecting plate 372 is hinged by ledge arrangement 3721 and the connector 4, the bottom of top plate 371 with
The top of the shell 31 is connected by the support plate 374, and the idler wheel 373 is located at the top plate 371 and shell
Between 31, idler wheel 373 can be rotated around the fixing axle at its center, the cunning that idler wheel 373 can be arranged along 2 side of the circular orbit
Road 21 slides, and in each interface components 37, the quantity of idler wheel 373 is preferably four, wherein two idler wheels 373 are located at the ring
2 outside of shape track, other two idler wheel 373 are then located at the inside of the circular orbit 2, and positioned at the two of 2 homonymy of circular orbit
A idler wheel 373 is separated by the support plate 374, as a result, when cleaning agency 3 slides along circular orbit 2, cleaning agency
Relationship between 3 and circular orbit is rolling friction relationship, and resistance is smaller, and four additional idler wheel 373 lives annular from sandwich
Track 2 avoids the possibility to de-orbit, ensure that the stability of sliding.
In some other structure types of interface components 37, the top plate 371 can be moved to four rolling 373
Lower section, be directly fixed on the upper top surface of shell 31, so that four rolling 373 is arranged in the top of top plate 371, go simultaneously
Except support plate 374, four rolling 373 is equally clamped in the both sides of circular orbit 2, the inside of top plate 371 equally with connecting plate 372
The inside of linking, connecting plate 372 is hinged again by ledge arrangement 3721 and connector 4, this modification should be noted to corresponding component
Size be adjusted, to ensure that each component being capable of normal mounting.After this structure type, top plate 371 just will not cover ring
The upper top surface of shape track 2, so as in the upper surface of circular orbit 2 fixed derrick or other component, by circular orbit 2 with sweep the floor
The body of machine is mutually fixed.
In some embodiments, be additionally provided with accumulator 39 in the shell 31, the output end of the accumulator 39 with
The input terminal of second motor 32 is electrically connected, i.e., accumulator 39 is used to provide power supply to the work of the second motor 32.
Preferably, the cleaning head 361 is plastic brush.Certainly, if the present invention clearing apparatus be installed on floor cleaning machine or
In use, cleaning head 361 can also be made of numerous water suction clothes, so as to pass through the rotation of cleaning head 361 on cleaning vehicle
To mop floor.
Present embodiments provide a kind of sweeper, including body and the clearing apparatus that is installed below the body, wherein clear
Sweeping device uses clearing apparatus described in embodiment 1, the clearing apparatus to be horizontally installed in below body (i.e. two difference of belt wheels 11
Positioned at the left and right sides of body), and the span of clearing apparatus is suitable with the width of body.
In each cleaning agency 3 of clearing apparatus the minimum point of cleaning head 361 be respectively positioned on ground surface nearby or can be by driving
Motivation structure drives and touches to ground surface.
Dust exhaust apparatus is provided with above region between two belt wheels 11, after such setting, referring to Fig. 1, dust suction dress
Range in the sphere of action set substantially Fig. 1 in two belt wheels, 11 dotted lines；Once dust, slag object are swept to this by cleaning head 361
After in range, dust, slag object will be siphoned away by dust exhaust apparatus.
It is provided with water injector in front of clearing apparatus, as a result, when necessary, can first spray water and drench before cleaning
Ground, the road sweeper that this puts disclosed in Chinese invention patent with Publication No. CN104790328A are almost the same.
Should be noted, when due to work, cleaning agency 3 is movement, the second internal motor 32 also with movement, because
This, the start-up and shut-down control of the second motor 32 is preferably selected wirelessly to control, and transmitter is arranged on body, in shell 31
Receiver is set, and receiver is connect with the second motor 32, when needing to start or stop the second motor 32, from transmitter to reception
Device transmits signal to control the start and stop of motor.
Sweep the floor work when, start the second motor 32 of first motor 13 and each group of cleaning agency 3；Second motor
32 rotation can drive connecting shaft 35 to rotate by the cooperation of first bevel gear 33 and second bevel gear 34, and then drive connecting shaft
The rotation of brush 36 of sweeping the floor of 35 lower sections, cleaning head 361 just clear up the dust on ground, slag object；The rotation of first motor 13
Then synchronous belt 12 can be driven to rotate by two belt wheels 11, the rotation of synchronous belt 12 can drive each cleaning agency 3 along annular
2 cycle rotation of track, and then brush 36 of sweeping the floor also will be along 2 cycle rotation of circular orbit.Thus brush 36 of sweeping the floor when work
On the one hand it on the other hand can also revolve round the sun around two belt wheels 11 under the drive of synchronous belt 12 around 35 rotation of connecting shaft；Work as cleaning
When personnel drive or sweeper is pushed to move forward, the rotation of brush of sweeping the floor 36 can clear up dust, slag object, and revolution can will be swept
The cleaning range of ground brush 36 is shifted to horizontal direction；As long as the size design of each component is reasonable, the quantity of cleaning agency 3 is arranged
Rationally, the forward speed of sweeper is suitable, so that it may it can be swept into ensureing that the clearing apparatus by the present invention covered ground,
Even if having slag object from can be swept to by subsequent cleaning agency 3 if being leaked through between front any two cleaning agency 3, the dirt swept to
Angstrom, slag object when being taken in the sphere of action of dust exhaust apparatus by cleaning head 361, will be siphoned away by dust exhaust apparatus.
Not only the brush 36 of sweeping the floor of rotation but also revolution, ideally solves sweeper and walks out-of-date the case where there may be drain sweeps,
It avoids drain sweep and the problem of repeating cleaning, the duplication of labour is just not present.In addition, needing hand-operated control lever to move with existing side brush
Dynamic sweeper is compared, and after clearing apparatus of the invention is mounted on sweeper, there is no do not inspected due to cleaning personnel
Drain sweep situation to slag object or caused by not timely mobile side brush, as long as the ground that sweeper passes through can be swept to, substantially
Without drain sweep.