CN108487067B - What Bridge High-pier turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing - Google Patents

What Bridge High-pier turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108487067B
CN108487067B CN201810278534.9A CN201810278534A CN108487067B CN 108487067 B CN108487067 B CN 108487067B CN 201810278534 A CN201810278534 A CN 201810278534A CN 108487067 B CN108487067 B CN 108487067B
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China
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commutating box
template
telescopic
block
box
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CN108487067A (en
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张发平
李晓红
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China 19th Metallurgical Corp
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China 19th Metallurgical Corp
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D21/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for erecting or assembling bridges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/02Piers; Abutments ; Protecting same against drifting ice

Abstract

The present invention relates to Bridge High-piers to turn over mould crawling technology field, and provide that a kind of Bridge High-pier turns over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, and includes the following steps, controls the first Commutating box and the second Commutating box is respectively at upward walking states;Loop control lifting drive extended travel and retract stroke;It controls the first Commutating box and the second Commutating box is in downward walking states;Loop control lifting drive extended travel and retract stroke;It controls the first Commutating box and is in and rise stopping, the second Commutating box of control is in downward walking states, controls lifting drive extended travel;It controls the second Commutating box and is in upward walking states, the first Commutating box of control is in downward walking states, controls lifting drive retraction stroke.Bridge High-pier of the present invention turns over creeping formwork template and turning over for bracket climbs technique, is not necessarily to other hanging devices, is able to realize that turning over for template rises and the promotion of support system, more convenient operation, safety is higher.

Description

What Bridge High-pier turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing
Technical field
Mould crawling technology field is turned over the present invention relates to Bridge High-pier, and what especially a kind of Bridge High-pier turned over creeping formwork template turns over the side of climbing Method.
Background technique
Well known, the method for Bridge High-pier template construction has at present: slding form operation, climbing formwork for construction, sliding turn over combine construction, climb It turns in conjunction with construction, over-form construction, bracket over-form construction.Sliding formwork, creeping formwork are slided and turn over combination, climb and turn in conjunction with these types of construction method skill It is both needed to that load-carrying member of the dedicated embedded part as climbing shuttering when is installed in the bridge pier concrete of construction in art.These embedded part quality And moulding process requires height, installation registration is stringent, and embedded part construction is interfered with each other with the construction of pier stud other processes, these are dedicated Embedded part can only be disposable, is unable to repetitive cycling use.In addition to the above drawbacks, sliding formwork, the sliding combination technology that turns over are strict with bridge Pier surrounding template synchronous is sliding, and construction is to equipment, the requirement of pouring concrete setting time and personnel is high;Climbing frame over-form construction Technology need to reserve more hole in the concrete poured, and upper beam, which passes through performance of concrete column confined headspace to be poured, makes bridge pier steel Muscle construction is interfered, and climbing frame lifting operations are complicated, and construction personnel is more, and synchronism requires high;Climbing formwork for construction is to dedicated embedded part matter Amount and installation quality requirement are very tight, and safety accident caused by embedded part destroys repeatedly occurs in construction embodiment, and creeping formwork is climbed with pre-buried Cone number and the single safeguard measure for climbing cone bearing capacity as safety, measure is single, climbs cone quality and unbalance stress easily causes Safety accident need to consider concrete strength when creeping formwork swashes.
Traditional over-form construction needs tower crane or truck crane to turn over a liter power as template, and safe thing easily occurs during demoulding Therefore.Bracket overmolded is both needed to using tower crane lifting bracket, and safe operation risk is big, and it is empty that rack beam occupies pouring concrete pier top portion Between, each process interferes with each other.
Authorization Notice No. is CN105839542B, and authorized announcement date is that on 09 15th, 2017 Chinese invention patents disclose A kind of Bridge High-pier is from rising outrigger turning-over, including support arm system, telescopic device, upper former system and lower template System;The upper former system is located at the top of lower template system;The upper former system and lower template system are equal The template of Bridge High-pier casting chamber is surrounded including one layer;On the template outer surface of the upper former system and lower template system It is provided with and reinforces horizontal back cord;The horizontal back cord of reinforcement in adjacent two pieces of templates, which passes through, reinforces horizontal back cord connector connection, It holds tightly so that reinforcing horizontal back cord in the outer surface of template;The top and bottom of described every piece of template of upper former system are provided with Support arm system;The support arm system includes crank arm crossbeam, straight crossbeam, vertical nose girder;The straight crossbeam both ends are provided with It cranks arm crossbeam;The one end of the beam of cranking arm is connect with horizontal back cord is reinforced, and the other end is connect with straight crossbeam;The straight crossbeam and template Between have spacing;The crossbeam of cranking arm, straight crossbeam and the horizontal back cord of reinforcement surround the template that template may pass through and promote section;Institute State the outside that template is arranged in vertical nose girder;The vertical nose girder extends to upper former system by the lower end of lower template system Top, and the length of the vertical nose girder be greater than three times template height;The vertical nose girder is fixedly connected with straight crossbeam;Institute Telescopic device is stated to be arranged between vertical nose girder and template;The company of sliding on described telescopic device one end and vertical nose girder vertical direction It connects, the other end is detachably connected with template.The lifting device that driving telescopic device slides up and down is provided on the vertical nose girder.
When carrying out turning over climbing formwork for construction using above-mentioned apparatus, lifting device is only capable of driving telescopic device and slides up and down, and works as needs When promoting Guide beam structure, it is necessary to another lifting device is set on template system, it is not only troublesome in poeration in this way, but also worker Heavy workload, versatility is poor, therefore, it is necessary to Bridge High-pier in the prior art from rise outrigger turning-over change Into.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the present invention are: providing a kind of Bridge High-pier that can turn over clambing shuttering and support system simultaneously That turns over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: what Bridge High-pier turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, Including two layers of template setting up and down and the support system being mounted in the template on upper layer;Using the promotion being mounted on the outside of template Device turn over climbing to template and support system, and the lifting device includes being mounted in support system and vertically arranged leading Rail;Telescopic device, the first Commutating box and the second Commutating box are slidably connected on guide rail;First Commutating box is connect with telescopic device; Second Commutating box is connect by lifting drive with telescopic device;Several blocks are provided on the guide rail;Described first Rotatable ratchet is provided in Commutating box and the second Commutating box;First Commutating box and the second Commutating box all have two State is upward walking states and downward walking states respectively;When the first Commutating box, the second Commutating box are in upward walking states When, the lower end of ratchet and the top of block are engaged by clamping;When the first Commutating box, the second Commutating box are in downward walking states, The upper end of ratchet and the bottom of block are engaged by clamping;
It is further comprising the steps of:
A, it controls the first Commutating box and the second Commutating box is respectively at upward walking states;By the mould of telescopic device and lower layer Plate connection;Release the connection between the adjacent forms of lower layer;It controls telescopic device to shrink, so that template falls off from concrete;
B, after the completion of step A, loop control lifting drive extended travel and retract stroke;Until the template of lower layer is turned over Position as defined in being raised to above the template on upper layer;Then control telescopic device elongation, template movement is enterprising to defined position Row is fixed;
C, it after the completion of step B, controls the first Commutating box and the second Commutating box is in downward walking states;Release support system Connection between template;Loop control lifting drive extended travel and retract stroke, until by support system climb to Defined position;Support system and the template on upper layer are connected;
D, after the completion of step C, the first Commutating box of control, which is in, rises stopping;Then telescopic device and upper layer are released Connection between template;
E, after the completion of step D, the second Commutating box of control is in downward walking states, control lifting drive elongation row Journey;Then it controls the second Commutating box and is in upward walking states, the first Commutating box of control is in downward walking states, control lifting Then driving device retraction stroke controls the first Commutating box and is in upward walking states;
F, step E is repeated, until telescopic device is moved down into the position of the template of lower layer;
G, the circulation of repetition step A~F, realization template and support system, which is turned over, climbs.
Further, rotatable shaft is horizontally arranged in first Commutating box and the second Commutating box;In shaft It is set with rotatable ratchet;The spring being sleeved in shaft is provided between ratchet and shaft;One end of shaft, which is equipped with, to be changed To handle;The first limited post and the second limited post are provided on the outer wall of first Commutating box and the second Commutating box;When commutation hand When handle is stuck on the first limited post, the upper end of ratchet and the bottom of block are engaged by clamping;When reversing handle is stuck in the second limited post When upper, the lower end of ratchet and the top of block are engaged by clamping;
In step A~G, control reversing handle is stuck on the first limited post, makes the first Commutating box and the second Commutating box point Other places are in downward walking states;Control reversing handle is stuck on the second limited post, distinguishes the first Commutating box and the second Commutating box In upward walking states.
Further, the telescopic device includes block and telescopic arm;The side of the block is provided with telescopic arm;It is described Telescopic arm is slidably matched with block;The rear end of the block is provided with rail limiting device;The rail limiting device includes perpendicular To a pair of of seat board that block rear end is arranged in;It is provided on the medial surface of each seat board, along the direction perpendicular to telescopic arm axis At least two groups position-limited wheel group;Every group of position-limited wheel group includes the outer guide wheel of track inner guide pulley and track, the outer peripheral surface of track inner guide pulley and There is track installation gap between the outer peripheral surface of the outer guide wheel of track.
Further, the telescopic arm includes the supporting beam that block side is arranged in;Supporting beam is slidably matched with block;Institute It states and is additionally provided with retractable driving device in supporting beam.
Further, supporting beam is both provided on two sides of the block;Two supporting beams are arranged in parallel and difference It is slidably matched with block;It is connected between two supporting beams.
Further, the side of the block is fixed with limit plate;The supporting beam is slidably arranged in block and limit plate Between;It is provided at least two lower layers positioning runner between the limit plate and the side of block and the positioning of at least two upper layers turns Wheel;The outer circumference surface of each lower layer's positioning runner and the lower surface of supporting beam are in rolling contact;The outer circle of each upper layer positioning runner The upper surface of circumferential surface and supporting beam is in rolling contact.
Further, it is additionally provided with the driving that driving ratchet rotates respectively on first Commutating box and the second Commutating box Part.
Further, the actuator is hydraulic cylinder.
Further, it is slidably connected on the guide rail there are two telescopic device, is connected between two telescopic devices;
In step, two telescopic devices are connect with template simultaneously;In step D, at the same release two telescopic devices with The connection of template.
Further, manual anti-fall Commutating box is also slidably connected on the guide rail;It is described manually anti-fall Commutating box with stretch Compression apparatus connection;Rotatable shaft is horizontally arranged in the anti-fall Commutating box manually;Rotatable spine is set in shaft Tooth;The spring being sleeved in shaft is provided between ratchet and shaft;One end of shaft is equipped with reversing handle;It is anti-fall manually to change The first limited post and the second limited post are provided on the outer wall of box;When reversing handle is stuck on the first limited post, ratchet Upper end and the bottom of block are engaged by clamping;When reversing handle is stuck on the second limited post, the lower end of ratchet and the bottom of block It is engaged by clamping;
In step A~B, the reversing handle for controlling the anti-fall Commutating box manually is stuck on the second limited post;In step C In~F, the reversing handle for controlling the anti-fall Commutating box manually is stuck on the first limited post.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: Bridge High-pier of the present invention turn over creeping formwork template turn over the method for climbing, be provided with One Commutating box, the second Commutating box, lifting drive and telescopic device, by step A and B, make telescopic device on guide rail to Upper movement, that realizes the template of lower layer turns over liter;By step C, the promotion of guide rail is realized;By step D, step E, step F, make Telescopic device moves down on guide rail, and lifting device is enable to continue to carry out turning over liter to the template for being located at lower layer.Using the present invention What the Bridge High-pier turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, and is not necessarily to other hanging devices, be able to realize template turn over rise and The promotion of support system, more convenient operation, safety are higher.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of lifting device in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that lifting device is mounted on the structural schematic diagram on the outside of template in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the shape that lifting device lifting drive in rising cyclic process is ready for extended travel in the present invention State figure;
Fig. 5 is the shape that lifting device lifting drive in rising cyclic process is ready for retract stroke in the present invention State figure;
Fig. 6 is the shape that lifting device lifting drive in decline cyclic process is ready for retract stroke in the present invention State figure;
Fig. 7 is the shape that lifting device lifting drive in decline cyclic process is ready for extended travel in the present invention State figure;
Fig. 8 is the perspective view of the first Commutating box of lifting device in the present invention, the second Commutating box;
Fig. 9 is the main view of Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the perspective view of telescopic device in the present invention;
Figure 11 is that telescopic device is mounted on the perspective view on guide rail in the present invention;
Figure 12 is the top view of Figure 11;
Figure 13 is the perspective view of manual anti-fall Commutating box in the present invention;
Figure 14 is the main view of Figure 13.
Appended drawing reference in figure are as follows: 1- support system, 2- upper former system, 3- lower template system, 10- guide rail, 11- are bent Arm crossbeam, the straight crossbeam of 12-, 20- telescopic device, 21- template, 22- reinforce horizontal back cord, and 23- reinforces back cord connector, 24- template Section is promoted, the first Commutating box of 30-, 40- lifting drive, anti-fall Commutating box, the second Commutating box of 60-, 101- are kept off 50- manually Block, 201- block, 202- telescopic arm, 203- seat board, 204- position-limited wheel group, 205- limit plate, 206- lower layer position runner, 207- Upper layer positioning runner, 301- shaft, 302- ratchet, 303- spring, the first limited post of 304-, the second limited post of 305-, 306- are changed To handle, 307- actuator, 308- connecting bolt, 309- spring stop piece, 310- arc groove, 2021- supporting beam, 2022- is flexible Driving device, 2041- track inner guide pulley, the outer guide wheel of 2042- track.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples:
As shown in figs. 1 to 14, Bridge High-pier of the present invention turns over the method for climbing of turning over of creeping formwork template, including setting up and down Two layers of template 21 and the support system 1 that is mounted in the template 21 on upper layer;Using the lifting device for being mounted on 21 outside of template Template 21 and support system 1 turn over climbing, the lifting device include be mounted in support system 1, vertically arranged guide rail 10;Telescopic device 20, the first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 are slidably connected on guide rail 10;First Commutating box 30 with it is flexible Device 20 connects;Second Commutating box 60 is connect by lifting drive 40 with telescopic device 20;It is provided on the guide rail 10 Several blocks 101;Rotatable ratchet 302 is provided in first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60;Described One Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 all have two states, are upward walking states and downward walking states respectively;When When one Commutating box 30, the second Commutating box 60 are in upward walking states, the lower end of ratchet 302 is matched with the top clamping of block 101 It closes;When the first Commutating box 30, the second Commutating box 60 are in downward walking states, the upper end of ratchet 302 and the bottom of block 101 It is engaged by clamping;
It is further comprising the steps of:
A, it controls the first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 is respectively at upward walking states;By telescopic device 20 under The template 21 of layer connects;Release the connection between the adjacent forms 21 of lower layer;Control telescopic device 20 shrink so that template 21 from It falls off on concrete;
B, after the completion of step A, 40 extended travel of loop control lifting drive and retract stroke;Until the template of lower layer 21 turn over and are raised to position as defined in the top of template 21 on upper layer;Then control telescopic device 20 extends, and template 21 is moved to regulation Position on be fixed;
C, it after the completion of step B, controls the first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 is in downward walking states;Release bracket Connection between system 1 and template 21;40 extended travel of loop control lifting drive and retract stroke, until by carriage support System 1 climbs to defined position;Support system 1 is connect with the template 21 on upper layer;
D, after the completion of step C, the first Commutating box 30 of control, which is in, rises stopping;Then release telescopic device 20 with it is upper Connection between the template 21 of layer;
E, after the completion of step D, the second Commutating box 60 of control is in downward walking states, and control lifting drive 40 extends Stroke;Then it controls the second Commutating box 60 and is in upward walking states, the first Commutating box 30 of control is in downward walking states, controls Then 40 retraction stroke of lifting drive processed controls the first Commutating box 30 and is in upward walking states;
F, step E is repeated, until telescopic device 20 is moved down into the position of the template 21 of lower layer;
G, the circulation of repetition step A~F, realization template 21 and support system 1, which is turned over, climbs.
The upper and lower in the template 21 on upper layer and the template 21 of lower layer are meant that: when two layers of template 21 is any one When a state, the template 21 for calling layer being located above, the underlying template 21 for crying lower layer;For example, by the template of lower layer After 21 turn over and are raised to the top of template 21 on upper layer, then the template 21 of original lower layer just becomes the template 21 on new upper layer, it is former The template 21 on the upper layer come just becomes the template 21 of new lower layer.
Guide rail 10 is vertically arranged, is mounted on the outside of template 21;Telescopic device 20, the first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 are slidably connected at respectively on guide rail 10;Telescopic device 20 can be arranged in first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 simultaneously The lower section of telescopic device 20 can also be arranged in top simultaneously;Preferably, as shown in Figure 1, the first Commutating box 30 is arranged In the top of telescopic device 20, the lower section of telescopic device 20 is arranged in the second Commutating box 60.
The lifting drive 40 is power device, and the purpose is to drive telescopic device 20 to move up and down along guide rail 10; The lifting drive 40 can be cylinder, screw lift structure etc., and preferably, the lifting drive 40 is Hydraulic cylinder.
The top of the block 101 has the supporting surface cooperated with 302 lower end of ratchet, and the bottom of block 101 has and spine The promotion face of 302 upper end of tooth cooperation.For sake of convenience, the first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 are referred to as Commutating box, changed To box when sliding on guide rail 10, it is divided into two states, is upward walking states and downward walking states respectively;At Commutating box When upward walking states, Commutating box can be along 10 upward sliding of guide rail, after the ratchet 302 in Commutating box crosses block 101, spine The lower end of tooth 302 is stuck on the supporting surface at the top of block 101, by the cooperation at the top of the lower end and block 101 of ratchet 302, It can prevent Commutating box from falling downwards;When Commutating box is in downward walking states, Commutating box can be along 10 slide downward of guide rail, when changing After ratchet 302 into box crosses block 101, the upper end of ratchet 302 is stuck on the promotion face of 101 bottom of block, passes through ratchet 302 upper end and the cooperation of 101 bottom of block can drive guide rail 10 to move upwardly together when Commutating box moves up.
What Bridge High-pier of the present invention turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, and by step A and B, telescopic device 20 is made to exist It is moved up on guide rail 10, that realizes the template 21 of lower layer turns over liter;By step C, the promotion of guide rail 10 is realized;By step D, Step E, step F moves down telescopic device 20 on guide rail 10, and lifting device is enable to continue to the template 21 for being located at lower layer It carries out turning over liter.
In step A, controls the first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 is respectively at upward walking states, enable them to It is moved up on guide rail 10.The template 21 of one end of telescopic device 21 and lower layer is connected, release lower layer adjacent forms 21 it Between connection, control telescopic device 20 shrink, band moving template 21 fall off from concrete, but also the template 21 of lower layer is upward Template 21 in mobile process not with upper layer is interferenceed.
In step B, 40 extended travel of loop control lifting drive and retract stroke are referred to: 1, the second Commutating box 60 In the lower end of ratchet 302 be stuck in the top of block 101, using this position as load-bearing fulcrum, control lifting drive 40 extends Stroke drives telescopic device 20 and the first Commutating box 30 to move up simultaneously;2, when an elongation of lifting drive 40 is gone After the completion of journey, the lower end of the ratchet 302 of the first Commutating box 30 is stuck in the top of block 101 at this time, using this position as load-bearing fulcrum, 40 retraction stroke of lifting drive is controlled, the second Commutating box 60 is driven to move up;3, pass through the one of lifting drive 40 A extended travel and retract stroke move up telescopic device 20 and Commutating box in guide rail 10, then pass through lifting driving again The template 21 of lower layer can be turned over the top for being raised to the template 21 on upper layer by the multiple extended travels and retract stroke of device 40.It will After template 21 fixes, the template 21 of lower layer forms the template 21 on new upper layer at this time, and the template 21 on originally upper layer just becomes The template 21 of new lower layer.
Be load bearing support with telescopic device 20 in step C, control the first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 be in Lower walking states;Then after releasing the connection between support system 1 and template 21, guide rail 10 is supported on and is stretched by block 101 On the Commutating box that compression apparatus 20 connects;40 extended travel of loop control lifting drive and retract stroke refer to: 1, first The upper end of ratchet 302 in Commutating box 30 is stuck in the bottom of block 101, is to promote fulcrum with this position, control lifting driving dress 40 extended travels are set, the second Commutating box 60 is driven to move down;2, after the completion of an extended travel of lifting drive 40, The upper end of the ratchet 302 of the second Commutating box 60 is stuck in the bottom of block 101 at this time, is to promote fulcrum with this position, control lifting 40 retraction stroke of driving device drives guide rail 10 to move up, and then support system 1 is driven to move up;3, it is driven by upgrading An extended travel and retract stroke for dynamic device 40, moves up guide rail 10 and support system 1, is then driven again by lifting The multiple extended travels and retract stroke of dynamic device 40 can promote support system 1 to the position of the template 21 on new upper layer, Then support system 1 is connect with the template 21 on new upper layer.
In step D, the first Commutating box 30 of control is in upward walking states, is releasing between telescopic device 20 and template 21 Connection after, so that the lower end of the ratchet 302 of the first Commutating box 30 is stuck in the top of block 101, using the position as load-bearing fulcrum.
In step E, the position at the top of block 101 is stuck in as load-bearing branch using the lower end of the ratchet 302 of the first Commutating box 30 Point, the second Commutating box 60 of control are in downward walking states, control 40 extended travel of lifting drive, drive the second Commutating box 60 move down;After the completion of an extended travel of lifting drive 40, the second Commutating box 60 of control is in walking upwards State makes the lower end of the ratchet of the second Commutating box 60 be stuck in the top of block 101, using this position as load-bearing fulcrum, control first Commutating box 30 is in downward walking states, by controlling 40 retraction stroke of lifting drive, drives telescopic device 20 and first Commutating box 30 moves down;Realize that Commutating box and telescopic device 20 move down on guide rail.
By repeating step E, telescopic device 20 can be made to drop to the position of the template 21 of lower layer, then pass through step again A~E, the circulation that can be achieved with template 21 and support system 1, which is turned over, climbs.
What Bridge High-pier of the present invention turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, and is not necessarily to other hanging devices, is able to reality The promotion for turning over liter and support system 1 of existing template 21, more convenient operation, safety are higher.
First Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 can not only slide on guide rail 10, but also in climbing shuttering system 1 Play fulcrum with also acting as in support system;Preferably, in first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 It is horizontally arranged with rotatable shaft 301;Rotatable ratchet 302 is set in shaft 301;Ratchet 302 and shaft 301 it Between be provided with the spring 303 being sleeved in shaft 301;One end of shaft 301 is equipped with reversing handle 306;First Commutating box 30 The first limited post 304 and the second limited post 305 are provided with on the outer wall of the second Commutating box 60;When reversing handle 306 is stuck in When on the first limited post 304, the upper end of ratchet 302 and the bottom of block 101 are engaged by clamping;When reversing handle 306 is stuck in second When on limited post 305, the lower end of ratchet 302 and the top of block 101 are engaged by clamping;
In step A~G, control reversing handle 306 is stuck on the first limited post 304, makes the first Commutating box 30 and second Commutating box 60 is respectively at downward walking states;Control reversing handle 306 is stuck on the second limited post 305, makes the first Commutating box 30 and second Commutating box 60 be respectively at upward walking states.
Shaft 301 can rotate in Commutating box, and ratchet 302 can rotate in shaft 301.When reversing handle 306 is stuck in When on two limited posts 305, shaft 301 drives spring 303 to generate elastic force, rotates ratchet 302, the lower end of ratchet 302 and guide rail 10 surface or the surface contact of block 101, when Commutating box moves upwards on guide rail 10, ratchet 302 crosses block 101 Afterwards, under the action of 303 elastic force of spring, the lower end of ratchet 302 is stuck in the top of block 101.When reversing handle 306 is stuck in first When on limited post 304, shaft 301 drives spring 303 to generate elastic force, rotates ratchet 302, the upper end of ratchet 302 and guide rail 10 Surface or block 101 surface contact, when Commutating box moves downward on guide rail 10, after ratchet 302 crosses block 101, Under the action of 303 elastic force of spring, the upper end of ratchet 302 is stuck in the bottom of block 101.The Commutating box can also be other Structure is additionally provided with hydraulic cylinder for example, ratchet 302 is arranged in Commutating box on Commutating box, hydraulic cylinder is connect with ratchet 302, leads to Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder ratchet 302 is crossed to rotate in Commutating box.
The main function of the telescopic device 20 be template 21 is dismantled, while enable disassembly after 21 water of template The flat template that is moved to promotes section 24;The telescopic device 20 can use various structures, such as directly adopt hydraulic cylinder, by liquid One end of cylinder pressure is slidably connected with guide rail 10, and the other end is detachably connected with template 21.
In order to reduce cost, convenient for operation, preferably, the telescopic device 20 includes block 201 and telescopic arm 202;The side of the block 201 is provided with telescopic arm 202;The telescopic arm 202 is slidably matched with block 201;The block 201 rear end is provided with rail limiting device;The rail limiting device includes a pair of of the seat for being vertically provided at 201 rear end of block Plate 203;At least two groups position-limited wheel group is provided on the medial surface of each seat board 203, along the direction perpendicular to 202 axis of telescopic arm 204;Every group of position-limited wheel group 204 includes track inner guide pulley 2041 and the outer guide wheel 2042 of track, the outer peripheral surface of track inner guide pulley 2041 And there is track installation gap outside track between the outer peripheral surface of guide wheel 2042.
The block 201 is the cube structure being welded by upper wall, lower wall, antetheca, rear wall and two side walls;It is described Telescopic arm 202 is arranged on the outer surface of one of side wall of block 201;Telescopic arm 202 can be relative to the side wall of block 201 Level sliding, and then realize relative to the flexible of block 201.The rear end of the block 201 refers to being slidably connected with guide rail 10 That one end;The seat board 203 can be fixed on the rear wall of block 201, can also be fixedly connected with the side wall of block 201; Two seat boards 203 are arranged in parallel, and the track inner guide pulley 2041 and rail of positioning guide rail 10 are provided on the medial surface of each seat board 203 Guide wheel 2042 outside road.
In use, telescopic device is installed to by least four track inner guide pulleys 2041 and four tracks outer guide wheel 2042 On vertically arranged guide rail 10, the rail between 2041 outer circumference surface of track inner guide pulley and track 2042 outer circumference surface of outer guide wheel is adjusted Road installation gap is matched with guide rail 10, so that telescopic device 20 can be slided up and down by rail limiting device along guide rail 10.
Telescopic device 20 of the present invention, by the rear end of block 201 be arranged a pair of of seat board 203 and with guide rail 10 The telescopic device 20 can be slidably mounted on a guide rail 10 by the position-limited wheel group 204 of cooperation, realize that telescopic device 20 is being led Sliding up and down on rail 10.Compared with prior art, telescopic device 20 of the invention, it is only necessary to which a guide rail 10 can be achieved with stretching Compression apparatus 20 moves up and down, and not only reduces the quantity of guide rail 10, has saved manufacturing cost;And it does not need setting U-shaped and adds Strong back cord avoids the risk that telescopic arm 202 is interferenceed with guide rail 10, and is not take up the space after guide rail 10.
The effect of the telescopic arm 202 is to play a supportive role first, secondly realizes Telescopic;The telescopic arm 202 can To be realized using various ways, for example cylinder can be directly used in telescopic arm 202, in order to facilitate telescopic arm 202 and template 21 Connection, preferably;The telescopic arm 202 includes the supporting beam 2021 that 201 side of block is arranged in;Supporting beam 2021 with Block 201 is slidably matched;Retractable driving device 2022 is additionally provided in the supporting beam 2021.
Supporting beam 2021 is slidably mounted on one of side wall of block 201;The effect of the supporting beam 2021 is, with Block 201 is slidably matched, and is used to support template 21;The effect of retractable driving device 2022 is to realize supporting beam 2021 relative to case Seat 201 stretches.
When template 21 to be connect with supporting beam 2021, for the stress balance for guaranteeing block 201, preferably, institute It states and is both provided with supporting beam 2021 on two sides of block 201;Two supporting beams 2021 be arranged in parallel and respectively with block 201 are slidably matched;It is connected between two supporting beams 2021.The end of two supporting beams 2021 is connect with template 21 respectively;It is logical Cross setting two supporting beams 2021, so that the two sides of block 201 is respectively subjected to the weight of supporting beam 2021 and template 21, guarantee its by Dynamic balance improves the stability of device.
In order to extend the service life of supporting beam 2021, reduce supporting beam 2021 during sliding with block 201 it Between friction, preferably, the side of the block 201 is fixed with limit plate 205;The sliding of supporting beam 2021 setting Between block 201 and limit plate 205;It is fixed that at least two lower layers are provided between the limit plate 205 and the side of block 201 Position runner 206 and at least two upper layers position runner 207;The outer circumference surface and supporting beam 2021 of each lower layer's positioning runner 206 Lower surface be in rolling contact;The outer circumference surface of each upper layer positioning runner 207 and the upper surface of supporting beam 2021 are in rolling contact.
By the way that limit plate 205 is arranged, supporting beam 2021 is avoided to move along lower layer's positioning 206 axially direction of runner;It protects Stability when card supporting beam 2021 is stretched.Runner 206 and the positioning of at least two upper layers are positioned by least two lower layers of setting Runner 207 prevents supporting beam 2021 from moving up and down, while reducing frictional force when supporting beam 2021 is stretched.
During the decline, every decline one recycles telescopic device 20, it is necessary to change the first Commutating box 30 and second Operating efficiency, preferably, described first are improved for the amount of labour for reducing worker in the direction of ratchet 302 in Commutating box 60 The actuator 307 that driving ratchet 302 rotates is respectively arranged on Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60.The actuator 307 can Cylinder is thought, preferably, the actuator 307 is hydraulic cylinder.The cylinder body of hydraulic cylinder is hinged on box body, the piston of hydraulic cylinder Bar is connect with connecting bolt 308;Connecting bolt 308 is connect with ratchet 302;Hydraulic cylinder drives ratchet 302 by connecting bolt 308 Rotation, by setting hydraulic cylinder as power, the position that worker need not climb to Commutating box is operated, and need to only control hydraulic cylinder gram The elastic force for taking spring 303 can be achieved with the automatic reverse of Commutating box, reduce the difficulty of worker operation, reduce the work of worker It measures, improves work efficiency.Further, position corresponding with 308 both ends of connecting bolt is respectively set on the wall of Commutating box There is arc groove 310, the both ends of the connecting bolt 308 are stretched out out of described arc groove 310 respectively and can be in arc groove 310 It is mobile.By the way that arc groove 310 is arranged, accepts connecting bolt 308 more evenly, connecting bolt 308 is avoided stuck phenomenon occur.
Since the heavier-weight of template 21 enhances the load-bearing capacity of telescopic device 20 to improve the stability of structure, make It for preferred embodiment, is slidably connected on the guide rail 10 there are two telescopic device 20, is connected between two telescopic devices 20.In step In rapid A, two telescopic devices 20 are connect with template 21 simultaneously;In step D, while two telescopic devices 20 and template 21 being released Connection.
In order to avoid failing when the hydraulic cylinder on the first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60, and cause under telescopic device 20 The risk of pendant preferably also slidably connects manual anti-fall Commutating box 50 on the guide rail 10;It is described anti-fall to change manually It is connect to box 50 with telescopic device 20;Rotatable shaft 301 is horizontally arranged in the anti-fall Commutating box 50 manually;Shaft Rotatable ratchet 302 is set on 301;The spring being sleeved in shaft 301 is provided between ratchet 302 and shaft 301 303;One end of shaft 301 is equipped with reversing handle 306;The first limited post is provided on the outer wall of manual anti-fall Commutating box 50 304 and second limited post 305;When reversing handle 306 is stuck on the first limited post 304, the upper end of ratchet 302 and block 101 Bottom be engaged by clamping;When reversing handle 306 is stuck on the second limited post 305, the lower end of ratchet 302 and the bottom of block 101 Portion is engaged by clamping.In step A~B, the reversing handle for controlling the anti-fall Commutating box 50 manually is stuck in the second limited post 305 On;In step C~F, the reversing handle for controlling the anti-fall Commutating box 50 manually is stuck on the first limited post 304.
When the manual anti-fall upward sliding on guide rail 10 of Commutating box 50, the reversing handle of the anti-fall Commutating box 50 manually 306 are stuck on the second limited post 305, at this point, even if after the hydraulic cylinder on the first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 fails, By the cooperation of ratchet 302 and block 101 in manual anti-fall Commutating box 50, it can also prevent telescopic device 20 from dropping, improve whole The safety of a device.
Embodiment:
Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 show lifting device in the present invention and is mounted on the structural schematic diagram turned on the outside of climbing apparatus;Turn over creeping formwork Device includes support system 1, upper former system 2 and lower template system 3, and upper former system 2 is located at lower template system 3 Top.Upper former system 2 and lower template system 3 include one layer and surround the template 21 that Bridge High-pier pours chamber;Upper layer It is provided on 21 outer surface of template of template system 2 and lower template system 3 and reinforces horizontal back cord 22;In adjacent two pieces of templates 21 The horizontal back cord 22 of the reinforcement connected by reinforcing horizontal back cord connector 23 hold tightly so that reinforcing horizontal back cord 22 in the outer of template 21 Surface.
Support system 1, support system 1 are provided on the top and bottom of the every piece of template 40 of the upper former system 2 Including crossbeam 11 and the straight crossbeam 12 of cranking arm;The both ends of the straight crossbeam 12 are provided with crossbeam 11 of cranking arm;The crossbeam 11 of cranking arm One end connect with horizontal back cord 22 is reinforced, the other end is connect with straight crossbeam 12;Between having between the supporting beam 12 and template 21 Away from;The crossbeam 11 of cranking arm, straight crossbeam 12 and the horizontal back cord 22 of reinforcement surround the template that template 21 may pass through and promote section 24.
The horizontal back cord 22 of reinforcement in adjacent two pieces of templates 21 is connected by reinforcing back cord connector 23, so that reinforcing horizontal Back cord 22 is held tightly in the outer surface of upper former system 2 and the template 21 of lower template system, is to make after the completion of pouring Template 21 can lock ring on concrete, thus for it is subsequent promoted lower layer template 21 support force is provided.
Climbing apparatus is turned over in Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 using the method for climbing of turning over that Bridge High-pier of the present invention turns over creeping formwork template In template 21 and support system 1 carry out turning over the method climbed it is as follows:
1, telescopic device 20 is connect with the template 21 of lower template system 3;Specifically by telescopic device 20 and lower layer's mould The horizontal back cord 22 of reinforcement in the template 21 of plate system 3 connects;
2, the first Commutating box 30, the second Commutating box 60 are controlled and anti-fall Commutating box 50 is in walking shape upwards simultaneously manually Reversing handle 306 on first Commutating box 30 and the second Commutating box 60 is specially stuck on the second limited post 305 by state;Make The lower end of ratchet 302 on second Commutating box 60 is stuck in the top of 10 upper stopper 101 of guide rail, and the position is as load-bearing fulcrum;
3, the horizontal back cord connector 23 of reinforcement between 3 adjacent two pieces of templates 21 of lower template system is removed, so that template 21 It can be detached from from concrete;Then starting telescopic device 20 shrinks telescopic device 20, thus under being detached from moving template 21 Layer concrete;
4, start lifting drive 40,40 extended travel of loop control lifting drive and retract stroke, Jin Ertong It crosses telescopic device 20 to move up with moving template 21, is raised to upper former system 2 until turning over the template 21 of lower template system 3 Top specified position;Then starting telescopic device 20 extends telescopic device 20, to template 21 is moved to corresponding On position, lower template system 3 is reinstalled in the top of upper former system 2, by reinforcing horizontal back cord connector 23 connect the horizontal back cord 22 of reinforcement in two pieces of adjacent templates 21;
5, the first Commutating box 30, the hydraulic cylinder on the second Commutating box 60 are controlled respectively, and the first Commutating box 30, second is made to commutate Box 60 is in downward walking states simultaneously;The reversing handle 306 of manual anti-fall Commutating box 50 is stuck on the first limited post 304; Manual anti-fall Commutating box 50 is set to be in downward walking states;Then the connection between support system 1 and template 21 is released;Circulation control 40 extended travel of lifting drive processed and retract stroke, and then support system 1 is lifted up defined position by guide rail 10, Then the crossbeam 11 of cranking arm in support system 1 is connect with the horizontal back cord 22 of reinforcement in the template 21 of the template system 3 of lower layer;So The hydraulic cylinder on the first Commutating box 30 is controlled afterwards, is in the first Commutating box 30 and is risen stopping, then releases telescopic device Connection between 20 and template 21;
6, the hydraulic cylinder on the second Commutating box 60 is controlled, so that the second Commutating box 60 is in downward walking states, then controls 40 extended travel of lifting drive moves down the second Commutating box 60;One extended travel of lifting drive 40 is complete Cheng Hou controls the hydraulic cylinder on the second Commutating box 60, and the second Commutating box 60 is made to be in upward walking states, while controlling first and changing Hydraulic cylinder on box 30 makes the first Commutating box 30 be in downward walking states, then starts lifting drive 40 and shrinks row Journey moves down telescopic device 20 and the first Commutating box 30;After the completion of a retraction stroke of lifting drive 40, control The hydraulic cylinder for making the first Commutating box 30 makes the first Commutating box 30 be in upward walking states;
7, step 6 is repeated, until telescopic device 20 drops to the position of upper former system 3;Then by telescopic device 20 It is connect with the template 21 of upper former system 3;
8, step 1~7 are repeated, can complete template 21 turns over the promotion risen with support system 1, realizes the circulation of template 21 It uses, until bridge pier pours completion.

Claims (10)

1. what Bridge High-pier turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, including two layers of template (21) setting up and down and it is mounted on the mould on upper layer Support system (1) on plate (21);It is characterized by: using the lifting device being mounted on the outside of template (21) to template (21) and Support system (1) turn over climbing, and the lifting device includes being mounted on guide rail (10) on support system (1) and vertically arranged; Telescopic device (20), the first Commutating box (30) and the second Commutating box (60) are slidably connected on guide rail (10);First Commutating box (30) it is connect with telescopic device (20);Second Commutating box (60) is connect by lifting drive (40) with telescopic device (20); Several blocks (101) are provided on the guide rail (10);It is all provided in first Commutating box (30) and the second Commutating box (60) It is equipped with rotatable ratchet (302);First Commutating box (30) and the second Commutating box (60) all have two states, are respectively Upward walking states and downward walking states;When the first Commutating box (30), the second Commutating box (60) are in upward walking states, The lower end of ratchet (302) and the top of block (101) are engaged by clamping;When the first Commutating box (30), the second Commutating box (60) are in When downward walking states, the upper end of ratchet (302) and the bottom of block (101) are engaged by clamping;
It is further comprising the steps of:
A, the first Commutating box (30) are controlled and the second Commutating box (60) is respectively at upward walking states;By telescopic device (20) with The template (21) of lower layer connects;Release the connection between the adjacent forms (21) of lower layer;Telescopic device (20) are controlled to shrink, so that Template (21) falls off from concrete;
B, after the completion of step A, loop control lifting drive (40) extended travel and retract stroke;Until the template of lower layer (21) position as defined in turning over above the template (21) for being raised to upper layer;Then control telescopic device (20) elongation moves template (21) It moves and is fixed on defined position;
C, after the completion of step B, the first Commutating box (30) is controlled and the second Commutating box (60) is in downward walking states;Release bracket Connection between system (1) and template (21);Loop control lifting drive (40) extended travel and retract stroke, until will Support system (1) is climbed to defined position;Support system (1) is connect with the template (21) on upper layer;
D, after the completion of step C, control the first Commutating box (30), which is in, rises stopping;Then release telescopic device (20) with it is upper Connection between the template (21) of layer;
E, after the completion of step D, control the second Commutating box (60) is in downward walking states, control lifting drive (40) elongation Stroke;Then the second Commutating box (60) are controlled and are in upward walking states, control the first Commutating box (30) is in walking shape downwards State controls lifting drive (40) retraction stroke, then controls the first Commutating box (30) and be in upward walking states;
F, step E is repeated, until telescopic device (20) are moved down into the position of the template (21) of lower layer;
G, the circulation of repetition step A~F, realization template (21) and support system (1), which is turned over, climbs.
2. what Bridge High-pier according to claim 1 turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, it is characterised in that: first commutation Rotatable shaft (301) are horizontally arranged in box (30) and the second Commutating box (60);Being set in shaft (301) can be rotated Ratchet (302);The spring (303) being sleeved on shaft (301) is provided between ratchet (302) and shaft (301);Shaft (301) one end is equipped with reversing handle (306);It is provided on the outer wall of first Commutating box (30) and the second Commutating box (60) First limited post (304) and the second limited post (305);When reversing handle (306) is stuck on the first limited post (304), ratchet (302) bottom of upper end and block (101) is engaged by clamping;When reversing handle (306) is stuck on the second limited post (305), The lower end of ratchet (302) and the top of block (101) are engaged by clamping;
In step A~G, control reversing handle (306) is stuck on the first limited post (304), makes the first Commutating box (30) and the Two Commutating boxs (60) are respectively at downward walking states;Control reversing handle (306) is stuck on the second limited post (305), makes the One Commutating box (30) and the second Commutating box (60) are respectively at upward walking states.
3. what Bridge High-pier according to claim 1 turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, it is characterised in that: the telescopic device It (20) include block (201) and telescopic arm (202);The side of the block (201) is provided with telescopic arm (202);It is described flexible Arm (202) is slidably matched with block (201);The rear end of the block (201) is provided with rail limiting device;The railway limit Device includes a pair of of the seat board (203) for being vertically provided at block (201) rear end;On the medial surface of each seat board (203), along vertical The direction of telescopic arm (202) axis is provided at least two groups position-limited wheel group (204);Every group of position-limited wheel group (204) includes track The outer guide wheel (2042) of inner guide pulley (2041) and track, the outer guide wheel (2042) of the outer peripheral surface and track of track inner guide pulley (2041) it is outer There is track installation gap between circumferential surface.
4. what Bridge High-pier according to claim 3 turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, it is characterised in that: the telescopic arm It (202) include supporting beam (2021) of the setting in block (201) side;Supporting beam (2021) is slidably matched with block (201);Institute It states and is additionally provided with retractable driving device (2022) on supporting beam (2021).
5. what Bridge High-pier according to claim 4 turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, it is characterised in that: the block (201) supporting beam (2021) are both provided on two sides;Two supporting beams (2021) be arranged in parallel and respectively with block (201) it is slidably matched;It is connected between two supporting beams (2021).
6. what Bridge High-pier according to claim 4 or 5 turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, it is characterised in that: the block (201) side is fixed with limit plate (205);The supporting beam (2021) is slidably arranged in block (201) and limit plate (205) Between;At least two lower layers positioning runner (206) and extremely is provided between the limit plate (205) and the side of block (201) Few two upper layers positioning runner (207);The outer circumference surface of each lower layer's positioning runner (206) and the lower surface of supporting beam (2021) It is in rolling contact;The outer circumference surface of each upper layer positioning runner (207) and the upper surface of supporting beam (2021) are in rolling contact.
7. what Bridge High-pier according to claim 2 turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, it is characterised in that: first commutation The actuator (307) of driving ratchet (302) rotation is additionally provided on box (30) and the second Commutating box (60) respectively.
8. what Bridge High-pier according to claim 7 turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, it is characterised in that: the actuator It (307) is hydraulic cylinder.
9. what Bridge High-pier according to claim 1 turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, it is characterised in that: the guide rail (10) On be slidably connected there are two telescopic device (20), be connected between two telescopic devices (20);
In step, two telescopic devices (20) connect with template (21) simultaneously;In step D, while two flexible dresses being released Set the connection of (20) Yu template (21).
10. what Bridge High-pier according to claim 9 turned over creeping formwork template turns over the method for climbing, it is characterised in that: the guide rail (10) manual anti-fall Commutating box (50) is also slidably connected on;The anti-fall Commutating box (50) manually and telescopic device (20) are even It connects;Rotatable shaft (301) are horizontally arranged in the anti-fall Commutating box (50) manually;Being set in shaft (301) can turn Dynamic ratchet (302);The spring (303) being sleeved on shaft (301) is provided between ratchet (302) and shaft (301);Shaft (301) one end is equipped with reversing handle (306);The first limited post is provided on the outer wall of manual anti-fall Commutating box (50) (304) and the second limited post (305);When reversing handle (306) is stuck on the first limited post (304), the upper end of ratchet (302) It is engaged by clamping with the bottom of block (101);When reversing handle (306) is stuck on the second limited post (305), ratchet (302) The bottom of lower end and block (101) is engaged by clamping;
In step A~B, the reversing handle (306) for controlling the anti-fall Commutating box (50) manually is stuck in the second limited post (305) On;In step C~F, the reversing handle (306) for controlling the anti-fall Commutating box (50) manually is stuck in the first limited post (304) On.
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