CN108480735A - A kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine - Google Patents

A kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108480735A
CN108480735A CN201810692489.1A CN201810692489A CN108480735A CN 108480735 A CN108480735 A CN 108480735A CN 201810692489 A CN201810692489 A CN 201810692489A CN 108480735 A CN108480735 A CN 108480735A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed frame
drive cylinder
side support
support seat
cutter head
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Granted
Application number
CN201810692489.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108480735B (en
Inventor
熊国云
万云平
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Dongguan City Jin Zheng Machinery Co Ltd
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Dongguan City Jin Zheng Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810692489.1A priority Critical patent/CN108480735B/en
Publication of CN108480735A publication Critical patent/CN108480735A/en
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Publication of CN108480735B publication Critical patent/CN108480735B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D15/00Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades which move parallel to themselves
    • B23D15/04Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades which move parallel to themselves having only one moving blade
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D15/00Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades which move parallel to themselves
    • B23D15/12Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades which move parallel to themselves characterised by drives or gearings therefor
    • B23D15/14Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades which move parallel to themselves characterised by drives or gearings therefor actuated by fluid or gas pressure

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Shearing Machines (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of structure improved wrench shearing machines, its shearing machine fixed frame includes fixed frame left and right side support base and fixed frame crossbeam, the upper cutter head for being synchronized driving by left end drive cylinder, right end drive cylinder and being moved up and down is installed between fixed frame left and right side support base, upper cutter head lower edge section spiral shell fills elongated shape and tilts the upper end scissors extended along left and right directions;Lower tool apron is also installed between fixed frame left and right side support base, lower tool apron upper surface is the bearing surface in horizontal plane shape, and lower tool apron upper end spiral shell loads end scissors;Installing front end is sent roller between being screwed on two front end roller mounts of upper cutter head front surface, is screwed on delivery roller in installing rear end between two rear end roller mounts of upper cutter head rear surface;The hydraulic package of the structure improved wrench shearing machine includes servo pump station, two-position four-way solenoid valve, Solenoid ball valve.By said structure design, the present invention has the advantages that novel in structural design, reliability are good.

Description

A kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to sheet metal cutting production line technical field more particularly to a kind of structure improved wrench shearing machines.
Background technology
Sheet metal cutting production line be by metal roll bending by uncoiling, leveling, deburring, shear at required width plate Material, and sheet metal flying shear production line can be effectively applied for cold rolled steel rolling plate, hot-rolled coil, stainless steel roll bending, galvanized steel All kinds of metal roll bendings after roll bending, silicon steel and Coating cut into the scale plank of various specifications through uncoiling smoothing, answer extensively For industries such as stainless steel products, electric appliance, vehicle and machine-building.
For sheet metal cutting production line, many times need to add to carry out shearing to plank using wrench shearing machine Work, and the wrench shearing machine structure being in various forms exists in the prior art.
It is noted that for existing wrench shearing machine, it is universal during actual plank cuts and is molded In the presence of the defect that design is unreasonable, reliability is poor.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to solve the shortcomings of the prior art and a kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine is provided, the structure The wrench shearing machine novel in structural design of improvement, reliability are good.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions.
A kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine, includes shearing machine fixed frame, and shearing machine fixed frame includes respectively in vertical cloth Fixed frame Left-side support seat, the fixed frame Right side support seat set, fixed frame Left-side support seat are located at fixed frame Right side support seat Left end side and fixed frame Left-side support seat, fixed frame Right side support seat or so face arranged for interval, fixed frame Left-side support seat It is horizontal that the fixed frame arranged along left and right directions horizontal cross is installed between upper end and the upper end of fixed frame Right side support seat Beam, the left part spiral shell of fixed frame crossbeam load the upper end for being fixed in fixed frame Left-side support seat, the right part spiral shell of fixed frame crossbeam Load the upper end for being fixed in fixed frame Right side support seat;
It can be installed with relatively up and downly between fixed frame Left-side support seat and fixed frame Right side support seat positioned at fixed frame cross The lower end side of beam and in the upper cutter head that is vertically arranged, the upper surface of fixed frame crossbeam is screwed with the left end driving moved up and down respectively Oil cylinder, right end drive cylinder, left end drive cylinder is located at the left end side of right end drive cylinder and left end drive cylinder is driven with right end Dynamic oil cylinder arranged for interval, the piston rod extension end of left end drive cylinder are screwed in being vertically arranged and lower end extends to fixation The lower end of the left end drive link of frame crossbeam lower end side, left end drive link is hinged by the upper end of pivot and upper cutter head; The piston rod extension end of right end drive cylinder is screwed in being vertically arranged and lower end extends to fixed frame crossbeam lower end side The lower end of right end drive link, right end drive link is hinged by the upper end of pivot and upper cutter head;
The lower edge section of upper cutter head is screwed with elongated shape and tilts the upper end scissors extended along left and right directions, and upper end is cut Gradually inclination upward extends knife from left to right and the lower edge of upper end scissors extends to the lower end side of upper cutter head;On the left of fixed frame It is also installed between support base and fixed frame Right side support seat positioned at the lower section of upper cutter head and along left and right directions horizontal cross cloth The lower tool apron set, the upper surface of lower tool apron are the bearing surface in horizontal plane shape, and the upper end of lower tool apron is screwed with along left and right The lower end scissors of direction horizontal extension and elongated shape, the upper surface of lower end scissors is concordant with the lower upper surface of tool apron, lower end Scissors is located at the shear blade consistency from top to bottom of the rear end side of upper end scissors and the shear blade and lower end scissors of upper end scissors;
The front surface of upper cutter head is screwed with two or so faces and spaced apart front end roller mount, each front end roller installation The lower end of seat extends respectively to the lower end side of upper cutter head, between the lower end of two front end roller mounts rotatably It is installed with and is sent roller along the horizontal-extending front end of left and right directions, left part, the right part of front end delivery roller are installed respectively In the lower end of the front end roller mount of corresponding side, front end delivery roller is located at the lower end side of upper end scissors and front end delivery rolling Cylinder is located at the front end side of lower tool apron;The rear surface of upper cutter head is screwed with two or so faces and spaced apart rear end roller is installed Seat, the lower end of each rear end roller mount extends respectively to the lower end side of upper cutter head, the lower end of two rear end roller mounts It is rotatably installed between portion and is sent roller along the horizontal-extending rear end of left and right directions, rear end is sent the left end of roller Portion, right part are respectively arranged in the lower end of the rear end roller mount of corresponding side, and rear end delivery roller is located at upper end scissors Lower end side and rear end delivery roller are located at the rear end side of lower tool apron;
The structure improved wrench shearing machine corresponds to left end drive cylinder, right end drive cylinder is installed with hydraulic package, hydraulic package Include servo pump station, two-position four-way solenoid valve, Solenoid ball valve, the oil outlet of servo pump station passes through fluid pressure line and two-position four-way The oil inlet P of solenoid valve connects, and the oil return opening of servo pump station is connected by the oil return inlet T of fluid pressure line and two-position four-way solenoid valve It connects, the upper end hydraulic fluid port of left end drive cylinder, the oil inlet of Solenoid ball valve pass through fluid pressure line and two-position four-way solenoid valve respectively The lower end hydraulic fluid port of oil outlet B connections, left end drive cylinder is connect by fluid pressure line with the upper end hydraulic fluid port of right end drive cylinder, right Hold the lower end hydraulic fluid port of drive cylinder by the oil outlet A connections of fluid pressure line and two-position four-way solenoid valve, connection left end driving oil Cylinder lower end hydraulic fluid port is connected to the fluid pressure line of right end drive cylinder upper end hydraulic fluid port with the oil outlet of Solenoid ball valve.
Wherein, it is installed with shearing right over the lower tool apron to hold down assembly, it includes to be located to cut that shearing, which holds down assembly, Lifting pressing plate right over seat and positioned at the upper cutter head rear end side lifts the elongated shape of pressing plate and along left and right directions level Extend, the upper surface for lifting pressing plate is screwed at least two along left and right directions successively arranged for interval and distinguishes vertically extending upward Lifting guide pillar;
The rear surface of upper cutter head corresponds to each lifting guide pillar and is screwed with guide rod seat respectively, and each guide rod seat offers respectively to be passed through completely up and down The upper end of the guide rod installing hole worn, each lifting guide pillar passes through the guide rod installing hole of respective guide rod seat and extends to phase from the bottom up The upper end side of guide rod seat, the upper end of each lifting guide pillar is answered to be screwed with stop nut respectively in the upper end side of respective guide rod seat, respectively The periphery of lifting guide pillar is respectively installed with spring in the lower end side of respective guide rod seat, the lower end of each spring respectively with lifting pressing plate Upper surface abut, the upper end of each spring is abutted with the lower surface of respective guide rod seat respectively.
Wherein, the lower surface of the lifting pressing plate is installed with the compression soft rubber cushion extended along the lower surface of lifting pressing plate.
Wherein, the fixed frame Left-side support seat, the fixed frame Right side support seat correspond to the lower tool apron and install respectively There is an adjusting part, each adjusting part respectively includes the front end screw rodb base positioned at lower tool apron front end side, positioned at cutting base rear end side Rear end screw rodb base, along front and back reversed horizontal extension and front and back ends portion be respectively arranged in the front end screw rodb base of corresponding side, rear end The adjusting lead screw of screw rodb base is installed in front end screw rodb base, the rear end screw rodb base difference of the adjusting part of fixed frame Left-side support seat It is screwed on fixed frame Left-side support seat, is installed in front end screw rodb base, the rear end lead screw of the adjusting part of fixed frame Right side support seat Seat is screwed on fixed frame Right side support seat respectively;
The adjusting lead screw that left part, the right part of lower tool apron correspond to corresponding side is screwed with lead screw screw rod, each feed screw nut point respectively It is not matched with the adjusting lead screw of corresponding side.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:A kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine of the present invention comprising have shearing machine solid Determine frame, shearing machine fixed frame includes respectively in fixed frame Left-side support seat, the fixed frame Right side support seat being vertically arranged, fixed frame Left-side support seat is located at the left end side of fixed frame Right side support seat and fixed frame Left-side support seat, fixed frame Right side support seat or so Face arranged for interval, be installed between the upper end and the upper end of fixed frame Right side support seat of fixed frame Left-side support seat along The fixed frame crossbeam of left and right directions horizontal cross arrangement, the left part spiral shell of fixed frame crossbeam, which loads, is fixed in fixed frame Left-side support seat Upper end, the right part spiral shell of fixed frame crossbeam loads the upper end for being fixed in fixed frame Right side support seat;Fixed frame Left-side support The lower end side positioned at fixed frame crossbeam can be installed between seat and fixed frame Right side support seat relatively up and downly and in vertical The upper cutter head of arrangement, the upper surface of fixed frame crossbeam are screwed with the left end drive cylinder moved up and down respectively, right end drive cylinder, Left end drive cylinder is located at the left end side of right end drive cylinder and left end drive cylinder and right end drive cylinder arranged for interval, left end The piston rod extension end of drive cylinder is screwed in being vertically arranged and lower end extends to the left end of fixed frame crossbeam lower end side The lower end of drive link, left end drive link is hinged by the upper end of pivot and upper cutter head;The piston of right end drive cylinder Bar extension end is screwed in being vertically arranged and lower end extends to the right end drive link of fixed frame crossbeam lower end side, and right end drives The lower end of dynamic connecting rod is hinged by the upper end of pivot and upper cutter head;The lower edge section of upper cutter head is screwed with elongated shape And the upper end scissors extended is tilted along left and right directions, upper end scissors gradually tilts upward from left to right to be extended and upper end scissors Lower edge extends to the lower end side of upper cutter head;It is also installed with position between fixed frame Left-side support seat and fixed frame Right side support seat In the lower section of upper cutter head and along the lower tool apron of left and right directions horizontal cross arrangement, the upper surface of lower tool apron is in horizontal plane shape Bearing surface, the upper end of lower tool apron is screwed with the lower end scissors along left and right directions horizontal extension and elongated shape, lower end The upper surface of scissors is concordant with the lower upper surface of tool apron, and lower end scissors is located at the rear end side of upper end scissors and the shearing of upper end scissors The shear blade consistency from top to bottom of sword and lower end scissors;The front surface of upper cutter head is screwed with two or so faces and spaced apart front end The lower end of roller mount, each front end roller mount extends respectively to the lower end side of upper cutter head, two front end roller installations It is rotatably installed between the lower end of seat and is sent roller, front end delivery rolling along the horizontal-extending front end of left and right directions Left part, the right part of cylinder are respectively arranged in the lower end of the front end roller mount of corresponding side, and front end is sent roller positioned at upper It holds the lower end side of scissors and front end delivery roller is located at the front end side of lower tool apron;The rear surface of upper cutter head is being screwed with two or so just Pair and spaced apart rear end roller mount, the lower end of each rear end roller mount extend respectively to the lower end of upper cutter head Side is rotatably installed with along the horizontal-extending rear end of left and right directions between the lower end of two rear end roller mounts It is sent roller, left part, the right part of rear end delivery roller are respectively arranged in the lower end of the rear end roller mount of corresponding side, Rear end delivery roller is located at the lower end side of upper end scissors and rear end delivery roller is located at the rear end side of lower tool apron;This is structure improved Wrench shearing machine corresponds to left end drive cylinder, right end drive cylinder is installed with hydraulic package, and hydraulic package includes servo pump station, two The oil outlet of position four-way solenoid valve, Solenoid ball valve, servo pump station is connected by the oil inlet P of fluid pressure line and two-position four-way solenoid valve Connect, the oil return opening of servo pump station is connected by the oil return inlet T of fluid pressure line and two-position four-way solenoid valve, left end drive cylinder it is upper Hold the oil inlet of hydraulic fluid port, Solenoid ball valve respectively by the oil outlet B connections of fluid pressure line and two-position four-way solenoid valve, left end driving The lower end hydraulic fluid port of oil cylinder is connect by fluid pressure line with the upper end hydraulic fluid port of right end drive cylinder, the lower end hydraulic fluid port of right end drive cylinder By the oil outlet A connections of fluid pressure line and two-position four-way solenoid valve, connection left end drive cylinder lower end hydraulic fluid port drives with right end The fluid pressure line of cylinder upper end hydraulic fluid port is connected to the oil outlet of Solenoid ball valve.By said structure design, the present invention has structure Advantage novel in design, reliability is good.
Description of the drawings
The present invention is further detailed below with attached drawing, but the embodiment in attached drawing is not constituted to this hair Bright any restrictions.
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram at another visual angle of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram at the another visual angle of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the hydraulic package of the present invention.
Include in Fig. 1 to Fig. 4:
1 --- shearing machine fixed frame 11 --- fixed frame Left-side support seat
12 --- fixed frame Right side support seat 13 --- fixed frame crossbeams
21 --- upper cutter head 22 --- upper end scissors
311 --- left end drive cylinder 312 --- left end drive links
321 --- right end drive cylinder 322 --- right end drive links
331 --- pivot 41 --- lower tool aprons
42 --- lower end scissors 511 --- front end roller mounts
512 --- front end is sent roller 521 --- rear end roller mounts
522 --- rear end is sent roller 6 --- hydraulic packages
61 --- servo pump station 62 --- two-position four-way solenoid valves
63 --- Solenoid ball valve 64 --- fluid pressure lines
7 --- shearing hold down assembly 71 --- lifting pressing plate
72 --- lifting guide pillar 73 --- guide rod seats
731 --- guide rod installing hole 74 --- stop nuts
75 --- springs 76 --- compress soft rubber cushion
8 --- adjusting part 81 --- front end screw rodb bases
82 --- rear end screw rodb bases 83 --- adjust lead screw.
Specific implementation mode
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention will be described.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine, includes shearing machine fixed frame 1, and shearing machine fixed frame 1 wraps Include is in fixed frame Left-side support seat 11, the fixed frame Right side support seat 12 being vertically arranged, fixed frame Left-side support seat 11 respectively Left end side and fixed frame Left-side support seat 11,12 or so face of fixed frame Right side support seat positioned at fixed frame Right side support seat 12 Arranged for interval, be installed between the upper end and the upper end of fixed frame Right side support seat 12 of fixed frame Left-side support seat 11 along The fixed frame crossbeam 13 of left and right directions horizontal cross arrangement, the left part spiral shell of fixed frame crossbeam 13, which loads, is fixed in branch on the left of fixed frame The upper end of seat 11 is supportted, the right part spiral shell of fixed frame crossbeam 13 loads the upper end for being fixed in fixed frame Right side support seat 12.
Wherein, it can be installed with relatively up and downly between fixed frame Left-side support seat 11 and fixed frame Right side support seat 12 Positioned at fixed frame crossbeam 13 lower end side and in the upper cutter head 21 that is vertically arranged, the upper surface of fixed frame crossbeam 13 is screwed with difference Left end drive cylinder 311, the right end drive cylinder 321 of up and down action, left end drive cylinder 311 are located at right end drive cylinder 321 Left end side and left end drive cylinder 311 and 321 arranged for interval of right end drive cylinder, outside the piston rod of left end drive cylinder 311 Prolong end to be screwed in being vertically arranged and lower end extends to the left end drive link 312 of 13 lower end side of fixed frame crossbeam, left end The lower end of drive link 312 is hinged by the upper end of pivot 331 and upper cutter head 21;The piston rod of right end drive cylinder 321 Extension end is screwed in being vertically arranged and lower end extends to the right end drive link 322 of 13 lower end side of fixed frame crossbeam, right Hold the lower end of drive link 322 hinged by the upper end of pivot 331 and upper cutter head 21.
Further, the lower edge section of upper cutter head 21 is screwed with elongated shape and tilts extension along left and right directions Upper end scissors 22, upper end scissors 22 gradually tilts extension upward from left to right and the lower edge of upper end scissors 22 extends to upper slitter The lower end side of seat 21;It is also installed with positioned at upper cutter head 21 between fixed frame Left-side support seat 11 and fixed frame Right side support seat 12 Lower section and the lower tool apron 41 arranged along left and right directions horizontal cross, the upper surface of lower tool apron 41 are the bearing in horizontal plane shape The upper end in face, lower tool apron 41 is screwed with the lower end scissors 42 along left and right directions horizontal extension and elongated shape, and lower end is cut The upper surface of knife 42 is concordant with the upper surface of lower tool apron 41, and lower end scissors 42 is located at the rear end side and upper end scissors of upper end scissors 22 22 shear blade and the shear blade consistency from top to bottom of lower end scissors 42.
Further, the front surface of upper cutter head 21 is screwed with two or so faces and spaced apart front end roller is installed The lower end of seat 511, each front end roller mount 511 extends respectively to the lower end side of upper cutter head 21, two front end roller installations It is rotatably installed between the lower end of seat 511 and is sent roller 512, front end along the horizontal-extending front end of left and right directions Left part, the right part of delivery roller 512 are respectively arranged in the lower end of the front end roller mount 511 of corresponding side, and front end is led Send that roller 512 is located at the lower end side of upper end scissors 22 and front end delivery roller 512 is located at the front end side of lower tool apron 41;Upper cutter head 21 Rear surface be screwed with two or so faces and spaced apart rear end roller mount 521, each rear end roller mount 521 Lower end extends respectively to the lower end side of upper cutter head 21, can be relatively rotated between the lower end of two rear end roller mounts 521 Ground is installed with is sent roller 522 along the horizontal-extending rear end of left and right directions, and rear end is sent left part, the right part of roller 522 It is respectively arranged in the lower end of the rear end roller mount 521 of corresponding side, rear end delivery roller 522 is located under upper end scissors 22 End side and rear end delivery roller 522 are located at the rear end side of lower tool apron 41.It need to explain, front end is sent the mandrel of roller 512 Left part, right part are installed on the lower end of the front end roller installation axle of corresponding side by way of shaft hole matching respectively, and preceding It is installed with bearing between the mandrel and front end roller mount 511 of end delivery roller 512;Likewise, rear end delivery roller 522 Left part, the right part of mandrel are installed on the lower end of the rear end roller installation axle of corresponding side by way of shaft hole matching respectively Portion, and it is installed with bearing between the mandrel and rear end roller mount 521 of rear end delivery roller 522.
In addition, the structure improved wrench shearing machine corresponds to left end drive cylinder 311, right end drive cylinder 321 is installed with liquid Component 6 is pressed, hydraulic package 6 includes servo pump station 61, two-position four-way solenoid valve 62, Solenoid ball valve 63, and servo pump station 61 goes out Hydraulic fluid port is connect by fluid pressure line 64 with the oil inlet P of two-position four-way solenoid valve 62, and the oil return opening of servo pump station 61 passes through hydraulic pressure Pipeline 64 is connect with the oil return inlet T of two-position four-way solenoid valve 62, the upper end hydraulic fluid port of left end drive cylinder 311, Solenoid ball valve 63 Oil inlet is connect by fluid pressure line 64 with the oil outlet B of two-position four-way solenoid valve 62 respectively, the lower end of left end drive cylinder 311 Hydraulic fluid port is connect by fluid pressure line 64 with the upper end hydraulic fluid port of right end drive cylinder 321, and the lower end hydraulic fluid port of right end drive cylinder 321 is logical It crosses fluid pressure line 64 to connect with the oil outlet A of two-position four-way solenoid valve 62,311 lower end hydraulic fluid port of connection left end drive cylinder and right end The fluid pressure line 64 of 321 upper end hydraulic fluid port of drive cylinder is connected to the oil outlet of Solenoid ball valve 63.
It should further be noted that the surface of lower tool apron 41, which is installed with shearing, holds down assembly 7, shearing, which holds down assembly, 7 includes Lifting pressing plate 71 right over lower tool apron 41 and positioned at 21 rear end side of upper cutter head, lift 71 elongated shape of pressing plate and along The upper surface of left and right directions horizontal extension, lifting pressing plate 71 is screwed at least two along left and right directions successively arranged for interval and divides Not vertically extending lifting guide pillar 72 upward;The rear surface of upper cutter head 21 corresponds to each lifting guide pillar 72 and is screwed with guide rod seat respectively 73, each guide rod seat 73 offer respectively up and down completely through guide rod installing hole 731, the upper end of each lifting guide pillar 72 is from lower past On across respective guide rod seat 73 guide rod installing hole 731 and extend to the upper end side of respective guide rod seat 73, each lifting guide pillar 72 Upper end is screwed with stop nut 74 respectively in the upper end side of respective guide rod seat 73, and the periphery of each lifting guide pillar 72 is in respective guide rod The lower end side of seat 73 is respectively installed with spring 75, and the lower end of each spring 75 is abutted with the upper surface of lifting pressing plate 71 respectively, respectively The upper end of spring 75 is abutted with the lower surface of respective guide rod seat 73 respectively.Stop nut 74 is for playing position-limiting action, to keep away The elastic force of spring free 75 makes lifting guide pillar 72 be released out of corresponding guide rod seat 73 guide rod installing hole 731.
Preferably, to avoid lifting pressing plate 71 from causing plate surface to be scratched when compressing plank, the present invention is using following Structure design, specifically:The lower surface of lifting pressing plate 71 is installed with the compression flexible glue extended along the lower surface of lifting pressing plate 71 Pad 76.
When the present invention is applied to sheet metal cutting production line, continuous plank is under the conveying effect of sizing feed machine And be fed through between upper end scissors 22 and lower end scissors 42, and plank is sent roller 512 by the front end of front and back arrangement, rear end is led Roller 522 is sent to be supported;After panel feeding in place after, left end drive cylinder 311, right end drive cylinder 321 act, left end drive By left end drive link 312, pushing tow upper cutter head 21, right end drive cylinder 321 pass through right end drive link to dynamic oil cylinder 311 downward 322 pushing tow upper cutter heads 21 downward, upper cutter head 21 left end drive cylinder 311, right end drive cylinder 321 driving under and towards moving down It is dynamic, and the upper cutter head 21 moved downward drives upper end scissors 22, front end roller mount 511, front end delivery roller 512, rear end Roller mount 521, rear end are sent roller 522, shearing holds down assembly, and 7 synchronizations are moved downward, in the process, front end delivery rolling Cylinder 512, rear end delivery roller 522 is first displaced downwardly to below the bearing surface of lower tool apron 41 and so that plank, which is taken, is put in the upper of lower tool apron 41 Surface then compresses soft rubber cushion 76 and contacts plank and compress plank with the continuing to move down action of upper cutter head 21, at this time each bullet Spring 75 is compressed and plank is secured in a press in compressing between soft rubber cushion 76 and lower tool apron 41, in addition with the continuation of upper cutter head 21 It moves down, upper end scissors 22 merges with the matching of lower end scissors 42 cuts off plank;After plank is by front end, left end drive cylinder 311, 321 counteragent of right end drive cylinder simultaneously drives upper cutter head 21, upper end scissors 22, front end delivery roller 512, rear end delivery roller 522 and shearing hold down assembly and 7 move up resets, in the process, the reseting elasticity effect of spring 75 also driving lifting guide pillar 72 It resets.
It is emphasized that the upper end scissors 22 of the present invention, in oblique arrangement is cut, in upper end, scissors 22 contacts plank and and lower end During the cooperation of scissors 42 is to cut off plank, the left part of upper end scissors 22 first contacts plank and first cuts the left end of plank It is disconnected, and continue to move down with upper cutter head 21, upper end scissors 22 from left to right cuts off plank.In the course of work of the present invention, Left end drive cylinder 311, right end drive cylinder 321 are driven by hydraulic package 6, and detailed process is as follows:It is driven in left end Oil cylinder 311, right end drive cylinder 321 drive during upper cutter head 21 moves down, the hydraulic oil that servo pump station 61 is pumped via 62 oil inlet P of two-position four-way solenoid valve, 62 oil outlet B of two-position four-way solenoid valve, the upper end hydraulic fluid port of left end drive cylinder 311 and it is past The upper chamber of left end drive cylinder 311 supplies hydraulic oil, and the piston of left end drive cylinder 311 moves down and left end is driven at this time The piston rod of oil cylinder 311 pushing tow upper cutter head 21 downward, in the process, the hydraulic oil of 311 bottom chamber of left end drive cylinder pass through It is pressed into the upper end hydraulic fluid port of right end drive cylinder 321, so that left end drive cylinder by lower end hydraulic fluid port and fluid pressure line 64 The hydraulic oil of 311 bottom chambers enters in the upper chamber of right end drive cylinder 321, at this time the piston of right end drive cylinder 321 Move down and make the piston rod pushing tow upper cutter head 21, and the liquid of 321 lower chambers of right end drive cylinder downward of right end drive cylinder 321 Pressure oil via lower end hydraulic fluid port, 62 oil outlet A of two-position four-way solenoid valve, 62 oil return inlet T of two-position four-way solenoid valve and be back to servo In pumping plant 61;When left end drive cylinder 311, right end drive cylinder 321 drive upper cutter head 21 to move up reset, two-position four-way electromagnetism Valve 62 acts, and the hydraulic oil that servo pump station 61 is pumped at this time is via 62 oil inlet P of two-position four-way solenoid valve, two-position four-way electromagnetism 62 oil outlet A of valve, right end drive cylinder 321 lower end hydraulic fluid port and supply hydraulic oil toward the lower chambers of right end drive cylinder 321, this When right end drive cylinder 321 piston move up and the piston rod of right end drive cylinder 321 made to pull upper cutter head 21 upward, herein In the process, the indoor hydraulic oil of 321 epicoele of right end drive cylinder is pressed into via upper end hydraulic fluid port and fluid pressure line 64 to left end The lower end hydraulic fluid port of drive cylinder 311, so that the indoor hydraulic oil of 321 epicoele of right end drive cylinder enters to left end drive cylinder 311 bottom chamber, at this time the piston of left end drive cylinder 311 move up and make the piston rod of left end drive cylinder 311 upward Upper cutter head 21 is pulled, and the hydraulic oil of 311 upper chamber of left end drive cylinder is fuel-displaced via upper end hydraulic fluid port, two-position four-way solenoid valve 62 Mouthful B, 62 oil return inlet T of two-position four-way solenoid valve and be back in servo pump station 61.
It is noted that driving the mistake that upper cutter head 21 moves up and down in left end drive cylinder 311, right end drive cylinder 321 Cheng Zhong, left end drive cylinder 311, right end drive cylinder 321, which link and pass through the effect of hydraulic package 6, realizes left end drive cylinder 311,321 synchronization action of right end drive cylinder;Wherein, the cross of left end drive cylinder 311,321 internal chamber of right end drive cylinder Product is the same in the street.Also it is exactly, when left end drive cylinder 311, right end drive cylinder 321 drive upper cutter head 21 to move down into down When extreme position, two-position four-way solenoid valve 62 keeps state of the upper cutter head 21 when moving down, and Solenoid ball valve 63 is opened at this time, hydraulic oil into Enter to the fluid pressure line 64 between 321 upper end hydraulic fluid port of 311 lower end hydraulic fluid port of left end drive cylinder and right end drive cylinder, to ensure this When 311 lower chambers of left end drive cylinder, 321 upper chamber of right end drive cylinder be full of hydraulic oil, to ensure that follow-up left end drives The reliability of oil cylinder 311,321 synchronization action of right end drive cylinder.
It need to explain, for sheet metal cutting production line, be controlled configured with the PLC being electrically connected with external power supply Device processed, PLC controller are electrically connected with servo pump station 61, two-position four-way solenoid valve 62, Solenoid ball valve 63 respectively;When work, PLC Controller is acted according to internal processes control servo pump station 61, two-position four-way solenoid valve 62, Solenoid ball valve 63.
Based on the above situation, it may be appreciated that by said structure design, the present invention has novel in structural design, reliability good The advantages of.
As preferred embodiment, as shown in figure 3, fixed frame Left-side support seat 11,12 pairs of fixed frame Right side support seat Tool apron 41 should be descended to be installed with adjusting part 8 respectively, each adjusting part 8 respectively includes the preceding terminal filament positioned at 41 front end side of lower tool apron Pole socket 81 is pacified respectively positioned at the rear end screw rodb base 82 of 41 rear end side of lower tool apron, along front and back reversed horizontal extension and front and back ends portion The adjusting lead screw 83 of front end screw rodb base 81, rear end screw rodb base 82 loaded on corresponding side, is installed in fixed frame Left-side support seat 11 Front end screw rodb base 81, the rear end screw rodb base 82 of adjusting part 8 are screwed on fixed frame Left-side support seat 11 respectively, are installed in fixed frame Front end screw rodb base 81, the rear end screw rodb base 82 of the adjusting part 8 of Right side support seat 12 are screwed on fixed frame Right side support seat respectively 12;The adjusting lead screw 83 that left part, the right part of lower tool apron 41 correspond to corresponding side is screwed with lead screw screw rod, each feed screw nut respectively It is matched respectively with the adjusting lead screw 83 of corresponding side.
Wherein, for each adjusting lead screw 83, front end is installed on front end screw rodb base by way of shaft hole matching Bearing is installed between 81 and the front end and front end screw rodb base 81 of adjusting lead screw 83;Likewise, adjusting the rear end of lead screw 83 Be installed on by way of shaft hole matching rear end screw rodb base 82 and adjust lead screw 83 rear end and rear end screw rodb base 82 between pacify Equipped with bearing.
In the course of work of the present invention, staff can adjust lower end scissors 42 according to the position of upper end scissors 22 Position, to ensure the shear blade of upper end scissors 22 and the shear blade consistency from top to bottom of lower end scissors 42.In front and back adjusting lower end scissors During 42 front and back positions, staff rotates each adjusting lead screw 83, before each adjusting lead screw 83 drives corresponding feed screw nut After move, feed screw nut drives lower tool apron 41 to be moved forward and backward, and then realizes that lower end scissors 42 is moved forward and backward and adjust.
The above content is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, according to the present invention Thought, there will be changes in the specific implementation manner and application range, and the content of the present specification should not be construed as to the present invention Limitation.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine, it is characterised in that:It include shearing machine fixed frame(1), shearing machine fixed frame(1)Including Have is in the fixed frame Left-side support seat being vertically arranged respectively(11), fixed frame Right side support seat(12), fixed frame Left-side support seat (11)Positioned at fixed frame Right side support seat(12)Left end side and fixed frame Left-side support seat(11), fixed frame Right side support seat (12)Left and right face arranged for interval, fixed frame Left-side support seat(11)Upper end and fixed frame Right side support seat(12)Upper end The fixed frame crossbeam arranged along left and right directions horizontal cross is installed between portion(13), fixed frame crossbeam(13)Left part spiral shell It loads and is fixed in fixed frame Left-side support seat(11)Upper end, fixed frame crossbeam(13)Right part spiral shell load be fixed in fixed frame the right side Side support base(12)Upper end;
Fixed frame Left-side support seat(11)With fixed frame Right side support seat(12)Between can be installed with and be located at relatively up and downly Fixed frame crossbeam(13)Lower end side and in the upper cutter head that is vertically arranged(21), fixed frame crossbeam(13)Upper surface be screwed with point The left end drive cylinder not moved up and down(311), right end drive cylinder(321), left end drive cylinder(311)It is driven positioned at right end Oil cylinder(321)Left end side and left end drive cylinder(311)With right end drive cylinder(321)Arranged for interval, left end drive cylinder (311)Piston rod extension end be screwed in being vertically arranged and lower end extends to fixed frame crossbeam(13)The left end of lower end side Drive link(312), left end drive link(312)Lower end pass through pivot(331)With upper cutter head(21)Upper end it is hinged; Right end drive cylinder(321)Piston rod extension end be screwed in being vertically arranged and lower end extends to fixed frame crossbeam(13) The right end drive link of lower end side(322), right end drive link(322)Lower end pass through pivot(331)With upper cutter head(21) Upper end it is hinged;
Upper cutter head(21)Lower edge section be screwed with elongated shape and along left and right directions tilt extend upper end scissors (22), upper end scissors(22)Gradually tilt extension and upper end scissors upward from left to right(22)Lower edge extend to upper cutter head (21)Lower end side;Fixed frame Left-side support seat(11)With fixed frame Right side support seat(12)Between be also installed with positioned at upper cutter head (21)Lower section and along left and right directions horizontal cross arrange lower tool apron(41), lower tool apron(41)Upper surface be in horizontal plane The bearing surface of shape, lower tool apron(41)Upper end be screwed with and cut along the lower end of left and right directions horizontal extension and elongated shape Knife(42), lower end scissors(42)Upper surface and lower tool apron(41)Upper surface it is concordant, lower end scissors(42)Positioned at upper end scissors (22)Rear end side and upper end scissors(22)Shear blade and lower end scissors(42)Shear blade consistency from top to bottom;
Upper cutter head(21)Front surface be screwed with two or so faces and spaced apart front end roller mount(511), before each Hold roller mount(511)Lower end extend respectively to upper cutter head(21)Lower end side, two front end roller mounts(511) Lower end between be rotatably installed with and be sent roller along the horizontal-extending front end of left and right directions(512), front end is led Send roller(512)Left part, right part be respectively arranged in the front end roller mount of corresponding side(511)Lower end, front end It is sent roller(512)Positioned at upper end scissors(22)Lower end side and front end be sent roller(512)Positioned at lower tool apron(41)Front end Side;Upper cutter head(21)Rear surface be screwed with two or so faces and spaced apart rear end roller mount(521), each rear end Roller mount(521)Lower end extend respectively to upper cutter head(21)Lower end side, two rear end roller mounts(521)'s It is rotatably installed between lower end and is sent roller along the horizontal-extending rear end of left and right directions(522), rear end delivery Roller(522)Left part, right part be respectively arranged in the rear end roller mount of corresponding side(521)Lower end, rear end is led Send roller(522)Positioned at upper end scissors(22)Lower end side and rear end be sent roller(522)Positioned at lower tool apron(41)Rear end side;
The structure improved wrench shearing machine corresponds to left end drive cylinder(311), right end drive cylinder(321)It is installed with hydraulic package (6), hydraulic package(6)It include servo pump station(61), two-position four-way solenoid valve(62), Solenoid ball valve(63), servo pump station (61)Oil outlet pass through fluid pressure line(64)With two-position four-way solenoid valve(62)Oil inlet P connection, servo pump station(61)'s Oil return opening passes through fluid pressure line(64)With two-position four-way solenoid valve(62)Oil return inlet T connection, left end drive cylinder(311)It is upper Hold hydraulic fluid port, Solenoid ball valve(63)Oil inlet pass through fluid pressure line respectively(64)With two-position four-way solenoid valve(62)Oil outlet B Connection, left end drive cylinder(311)Lower end hydraulic fluid port pass through fluid pressure line(64)With right end drive cylinder(321)Upper end hydraulic fluid port Connection, right end drive cylinder(321)Lower end hydraulic fluid port pass through fluid pressure line(64)With two-position four-way solenoid valve(62)Oil outlet A Connection connects left end drive cylinder(311)Lower end hydraulic fluid port and right end drive cylinder(321)The fluid pressure line of upper end hydraulic fluid port(64)With Solenoid ball valve(63)Oil outlet connection.
2. a kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The lower tool apron(41)Just Top is installed with shearing and holds down assembly(7), shearing holds down assembly(7)Include to be located at lower tool apron(41)Surface and positioned at described Upper cutter head(21)The lifting pressing plate of rear end side(71), lift pressing plate(71)Elongated shape and along left and right directions horizontal extension, Lift pressing plate(71)Upper surface be screwed at least two along left and right directions successively arranged for interval and respectively it is vertically extending upward Lifting guide pillar(72);
Upper cutter head(21)Rear surface correspond to each lifting guide pillar(72)It is screwed with guide rod seat respectively(73), each guide rod seat(73)Respectively Offer up and down completely through guide rod installing hole(731), each lifting guide pillar(72)Upper end from the bottom up pass through accordingly lead Pole socket(73)Guide rod installing hole(731)And extend to respective guide rod seat(73)Upper end side, each lifting guide pillar(72)Upper end Portion is in respective guide rod seat(73)Upper end side be screwed with stop nut respectively(74), each lifting guide pillar(72)Periphery led in accordingly Pole socket(73)Lower end side be respectively installed with spring(75), each spring(75)Lower end respectively with lifting pressing plate(71)Upper table Face abuts, each spring(75)Upper end respectively with respective guide rod seat(73)Lower surface abut.
3. a kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The lifting pressing plate(71)'s Lower surface is installed with along lifting pressing plate(71)Lower surface extend compression soft rubber cushion(76).
4. a kind of structure improved wrench shearing machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fixed frame Left-side support Seat(11), the fixed frame Right side support seat(12)The corresponding lower tool apron(41)It is installed with adjusting part respectively(8), each to adjust Component(8)It has respectively included positioned at lower tool apron(41)The front end screw rodb base of front end side(81), be located at lower tool apron(41)Rear end side Rear end screw rodb base(82), be respectively arranged in along front and back reversed horizontal extension and front and back ends portion the front end screw rodb base of corresponding side (81), rear end screw rodb base(82)Adjusting lead screw(83), it is installed in fixed frame Left-side support seat(11)Adjusting part(8)Before Terminal filament pole socket(81), rear end screw rodb base(82)It is screwed on fixed frame Left-side support seat respectively(11), it is installed in branch on the right side of fixed frame Support seat(12)Adjusting part(8)Front end screw rodb base(81), rear end screw rodb base(82)It is screwed on fixed frame Right side support respectively Seat(12);
Lower tool apron(41)Left part, right part correspond to the adjusting lead screw of corresponding side(83)It is screwed with lead screw screw rod, each silk respectively Stem nut respectively with the adjusting lead screw of corresponding side(83)It matches.
CN201810692489.1A 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 Structure improved board head shearing machine Active CN108480735B (en)

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CN114951814A (en) * 2022-06-21 2022-08-30 安徽省宁国市东波紧固件有限公司 Feeding integrated hydraulic plate shearing machine
CN114951814B (en) * 2022-06-21 2024-05-31 安徽省宁国市东波紧固件有限公司 Feeding integrated hydraulic plate shearing machine

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