CN108479105A - A kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro - Google Patents

A kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108479105A
CN108479105A CN201810239323.4A CN201810239323A CN108479105A CN 108479105 A CN108479105 A CN 108479105A CN 201810239323 A CN201810239323 A CN 201810239323A CN 108479105 A CN108479105 A CN 108479105A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plant
crushing
effective ingredients
extraction
extracted
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810239323.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108479105B (en
Inventor
孙学中
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yantai new era Health Industry Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
孙学中
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 孙学中 filed Critical 孙学中
Priority to CN201810239323.4A priority Critical patent/CN108479105B/en
Publication of CN108479105A publication Critical patent/CN108479105A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108479105B publication Critical patent/CN108479105B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D11/00Solvent extraction
    • B01D11/02Solvent extraction of solids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D3/00Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
    • B01D3/001Processes specially adapted for distillation or rectification of fermented solutions
    • B01D3/002Processes specially adapted for distillation or rectification of fermented solutions by continuous methods
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/20Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with two or more co-operating rotors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of continuous separating extraction devices of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro, including installs case, coarse crushing feeding equipment is equipped at the top of installs case, installs case internal upper part is equipped with ultramicro grinding mechanism, ultramicro grinding mechanism lower part is equipped with active ingredient extraction mechanism, continuous material guide device is connected between active ingredient extraction mechanism and ultramicro grinding mechanism, being equipped with two-stage below active ingredient extraction mechanism purifies mechanism;Ultramicro grinding mechanism includes fine powder crushing device, fine powder crushing device right end is connected with assisted comminution device, fine powder crushing device includes grinding barrel, and grinding barrel is mounted in installs case, and grinding barrel is connected with driving motor, pulverization roller is equipped in grinding barrel, it is equipped with support spring between pulverization roller and grinding barrel inner wall, is equipped between support spring and pulverizes disk, this invention ensures that the bioactivity of effective ingredients in plant, the recovery rate for also substantially increasing active ingredient simultaneously, has the characteristics that safe efficient, high-quality.

Description

A kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of biological pharmacy, specially a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro.
Background technology
Plant extracts industry is to grow up for nearest 20 years, is and between medicine, fine chemistry industry, agricultural industry One emerging industry.Plant extracts refers to using solvent appropriate or method, is from plant (plant is all or certain is a part of) The substance that raw material is extracted or is process can be used for pharmaceuticals industry, food service industry, healthy industry, beauty industry and other rows Industry.Plant extracts, according to the needs of the purposes of the final products to extraction, is extracted by physical chemistry using plant as raw material Separation process, orientation obtain and concentration plant in a certain kind or plurality of active ingredients, without changing its active ingredient structure The product of formation.Composition according to extraction plant is different, forms glucoside, acid, polyphenol, polysaccharide, terpene, flavones, alkaloid etc.;According to Character is different, can be divided into vegetable oil, medicinal extract, powder, crystalline lens etc..
Data show the first half of the year in 2014, and there are 1074 enterprise's export abroad plant extracts commodity in China, same with last year Phase export enterprise's quantity is compared and is had increased slightly.Wherein, private enterprise's export amount accounting is up to 50.4%, holds a safe lead, and contribution is most Greatly.Followed by " three money " enterprise, accounting reaches 35.4%.China's plant extracts industry development was less than 20 years, private plant Extract enterprise mostly Growth Development under conditions of lacking " care ", in choosing for finance " tsunami " of reply again and again It goes from strength to strength in war.
Under the influence of new medical model, has functional or active plant extract product and receive favor.Currently, plant Extract industry development is getting faster, and has been more than drug market growth rate, becomes independent emerging industry.With world wide The emergence in implants extract market, Chinese plant extracts industry will also become the new war of national economy and social development Slightly t shore industry.
Plant extracts is the main force of China's Chinese medicine commodity export, and the proportion that export amount accounts for tcm product general export volume is super Cross 40%.Although plant extracts industry is a new industry, development is swift and violent in the latest 20 years.Statistical data shows, 2011 Year China plant extracts export amount reaches 11.3 hundred million dollars, increases by 47%, 2002-2011 annual compound growth rates on a year-on-year basis and reaches 21.91%.Plant extracts becomes Chinese medicine and exports first merchandise classification more than 1,000,000,000 dollars.
But the method for existing effective ingredients in plant separation and Extraction has the following defects:
(1) effective ingredients in plant is during separation and Extraction in the prior art, since plant crushes insufficient, Plant Powder Particle after broken is larger, and plant pulverized particles are insufficient contact with leachate, and active ingredient a small amount of in plant is caused to be extracted, Cause effective ingredients in plant recovery rate not high;
(2) in the prior art effective ingredients in plant during separation and Extraction, plant by attrition grinding when itself Temperature rise, lead to the volatilization of effective components in plants, at the same may also cause effective ingredients in plant bioactivity reduction, drop The low recovery rate and quality of effective ingredients in plant;
(3) in the prior art effective ingredients in plant during extraction, often to the extracting solution of effective ingredients in plant into Row distills condensing recovery to obtain the active ingredient in plant, and when the active ingredient in plant is thermo-responsive, the method is to plant Active ingredient adversely affects, while not high using the effective ingredients in plant purity that the method obtains.
Invention content
In order to overcome the shortcomings of that prior art, the present invention provide a kind of continuous separation and Extraction of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro Device, this invention ensures that the bioactivity of effective ingredients in plant, while the recovery rate of active ingredient is also substantially increased, have Safe efficient, high-quality feature can effectively solve the problem that the problem of background technology proposes.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro, including installs case, the installs case top are equipped with thick Crushing feeding device, the installs case internal upper part be equipped with ultramicro grinding mechanism, ultramicro grinding mechanism lower part be equipped with effectively at Divide extraction mechanism, continuous material guide device is connected between the active ingredient extraction mechanism and ultramicro grinding mechanism, it is described effective It is equipped with two-stage below constituents extraction mechanism and purifies mechanism;
The ultramicro grinding mechanism includes fine powder crushing device, and the fine powder crushing device right end is connected with assisted comminution dress It sets, the fine powder crushing device includes grinding barrel, and the grinding barrel is mounted in installs case, and the grinding barrel is connected with driving electricity Machine, the grinding barrel is interior to be equipped with pulverization roller, and several row's support springs are equipped between the pulverization roller and grinding barrel inner wall, adjacent It is equipped between the support spring and pulverizes disk, and pulverized disk and be fixedly mounted on pulverization roller.
Further, the grinding barrel inner surface is equipped with cylindricality crushing groove, and the cylindricality crushes groove bottom and pulverizes disk cunning Dynamic contact, the cylindricality crushing groove are fixedly connected with support spring one end, and it is rectangular that cylindricality crushing groove both ends are equipped with section The column of triangle guides disk, the column guiding disk to be fixedly mounted on grinding barrel inner wall.
Further, the assisted comminution device includes the wind-collecting cover in round platform planar, and the wind-collecting cover right side is equipped with Air inlet, and air inlet is connected with liquid nitrogen container by conduit, and accessory fan, the auxiliary are installed in the wind-collecting cover It is equipped with heating wire net on the left of wind turbine, quartz burner is equipped on the left of the heating wire net, is equipped with around the quartz burner anti- Penetrate eyeglass.
Further, the coarse crushing feeding equipment includes feed hopper and crushes pipe, and the feed hopper is fixed with pipe is crushed It connects, hinged there are two striker plate in the feed hopper, the striker plate top is equipped with postive stop baffle, and postive stop baffle fixation peace On feed hopper inner wall, it is fixedly connected with resetting spring between the striker plate and feed hopper inner wall, lives in the crushing pipe Dynamic installation is equipped with crushing groove, and the crushing groove occlusion on two crushing columns connects there are two column is crushed on two crushing columns It connects, the crushing column positioned at left side is sequentially connected with crushing motor, after the crushing motor is fixedly mounted in installs case On side.
Further, the continuous material guide device includes the water slurry guiding tube of the dry powder guiding tube and right side in left side, described Dry powder guiding tube is movably arranged on grinding barrel left end, and several spoilers, the spoiler interval are equipped in the dry powder guiding tube It is arranged on dry powder guiding tube left and right side, arc filter chamber, arc filter chamber bottom is equipped in the water slurry guiding tube Filter is installed, blowdown wheel is movably installed in the arc filter chamber, blowdown is removably equipped on the right side of the blowdown wheel Slot, and dirt discharge groove passes through installs case right side and is movably arranged in installs case, the blowdown wheel includes motion bar, the activity Several blowdown catch are equidistantly equipped on bar, and blowdown catch is contacted with filter upper surface slide.
Further, the filter includes fixed frame, and the fixed frame bottom is installed with supporting network, the fixation Arch is movably installed with the fixed plate that four pieces of sections are in ' L ' shape by hinge, fixed between the fixed plate and supporting network to connect It is connected to fixed spring, and the fixed plate left side after fixing is contacted with the fitting of fixed frame inner surface.
Further, the active ingredient extraction mechanism includes infuser and high-efficiency cleaning device, and the infuser includes Vessel are leached, the leaching vessel bottom is connect by conduit with dry powder guiding tube and water slurry guiding tube, the infuser Middle part is installed with leaching plate in ware, and leaches plate and be equipped with several coniform leaching holes, and the leaching vessel top connects It is connected to leachate addition case, and leachate addition case is connected with filler pipe, the leaching vessel top is installed with liquid level gauge.
Further, the high-efficiency cleaning device includes supersonic generator, ultrasonic transducer and ultrasonic wave amplification bar, The supersonic generator, ultrasonic transducer and ultrasonic wave amplification bar are fixedly mounted in installs case, the ultrasonic wave hair The output end of raw device and the input terminal of ultrasonic transducer are electrically connected, and output end and the ultrasonic wave of the ultrasonic transducer increase Width bar electrical energy inputs are electrically connected, and the ultrasonic wave amplification bar is passed through to leach vessel bottom surface and extend to and be leached in vessel Portion.
Further, the two-stage purification mechanism includes distillation recovery device and recrystallizes purifying plant, described to distill back Receiving apparatus includes Heating Cup and condensation recovering device, and the Heating Cup top movable is equipped with sealing cover, and sealing cover is set as double Layer structure, the Heating Cup inner bottom surface is installed with distillation heater, is additionally provided with cucurbit in the Heating Cup, in cucurbit Fitting is equipped with decontamination filter paper on wall, and the cucurbit top is installed with sealing cover inner ring activity, the condensation recovering device with Sealing cover is fixedly connected, and the condensation recovering device is set as spiral helicine three-decker.
Further, the recrystallization purifying plant includes water-bath cup, and water-bath bottom of a cup portion is installed with water-bath and adds Hot device, the water-bath cup is interior to be equipped with recrystallization vessel, and the water-bath cup top movable is equipped with gas gathering cover, the gas gathering cover following table Face is equipped with the drainage plate of conical surface shape, and the gas gathering cover top is connect with condensation recovering device, and the gas gathering cover top is also associated with row Tracheae, the exhaust pipe pass through installs case right side and are fixedly mounted in installs case.
Further, intelligent controlling device is installed, the intelligent controlling device includes microcontroller, institute in the installs case It states microcontroller and is electrically connected with display, the single-chip microcomputer output adds with supersonic generator, distillation heater and water-bath Silicon-controlled, the single-chip microcomputer output and liquid level gauge electric connection, the single-chip microcomputer output are electrically connected between hot device Dry powder solenoid valve, water slurry solenoid valve, vapo(u)rizing temperature sensor, recrystallization temperature sensor and leachate is also electrically connected with to add Magnet valve is powered up, the dry powder solenoid valve is mounted between grinding barrel and dry powder guiding tube, and the water slurry solenoid valve, which is mounted on, to be crushed Between bucket and water slurry guiding tube, the vapo(u)rizing temperature sensor is fixedly mounted on Heating Cup, the recrystallization temperature sensor Be fixedly mounted on heating water bath cup inner wall, leachate addition solenoid valve be mounted on leachate addition case and leach vessel it Between.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) coarse crushing feeding equipment of the invention carries out plant to be extracted preliminary crushing, can be by plant to be extracted It is ground into smaller volume, reduces the loss to ultramicro grinding mechanism, while also greatly improving the effect of crushing, improves and wait for Extract the recovery rate of effective ingredients in plant;
(2) ultramicro grinding mechanism of the invention carries out secondary fine crushing to the plant to be extracted of preliminary crushing, can incite somebody to action Plant to be extracted is ground into smaller volume, while destroying the biological cell wall of effective components in plants to be extracted so that waits for Extraction effective components in plants is sufficiently exposed in extracting solution, substantially increases the recovery rate of effective components in plants to be extracted;
(3) active ingredient extraction mechanism of the invention extracts the active ingredient in the plant to be extracted after crushing, The separation for realizing impurity and effective components in plants to be extracted is simplified and is subsequently detached to effective components in plants to be extracted Step shortens the period of effective ingredients in plant extraction to be extracted;
(4) continuous material guide device of the invention by the plant to be extracted after being crushed in ultramicro grinding mechanism be transported to effectively at Divide in extraction mechanism, realizes continuous production, greatly improve the efficiency of production;
(5) two-stage of the invention purification mechanism treats the separating-purifying that the extracting solution of the active ingredient of extraction plant carries out, By way of two-stage purification, more effective ingredients in plant can not only be obtained, while making the purity higher of purification.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the fine powder crushing device structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the coarse crushing feeding equipment structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the continuous material-guider structure schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 5 is the filter structure schematic representation of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the leaching plate structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the sealing cover structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the condensation recovering device structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the condensation recovering device cross section structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the intelligent controlling device structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure label:
1- installs cases;2- coarse crushing feeding equipments;3- ultramicro grindings mechanism;4- active ingredient extraction mechanisms;5- is continuously led Expect device;6- two-stages purify mechanism;7- fine powder crushing devices;8- assisted comminution devices;9- infusers;10- cylindricality crushing grooves;11- High-efficiency cleaning device;12- distillation recovery devices;13- recrystallizes purifying plant;14- intelligent controlling devices;15- diversion canals;16- Obstruct net;17 loose slots;18- connection straps;19- drive links;20- rotating handles;21- mounting grooves;
201- feed hoppers;202- crushes pipe;203- striker plates;204- postive stop baffles;205- resetting springs;206- is crushed Column;207- crushing grooves;208- crushes motor;
501- dry powder guiding tubes;502- water slurry guiding tubes;503- spoilers;504- arc filter chambers;505- filters; 506- blowdown wheels;507- dirt discharge grooves;
701- grinding barrels;702- driving motors;703- pulverization rollers;704- support springs;705- pulverizes disk;
801- wind-collecting covers;802- air inlets;803- liquid nitrogen containers;804- accessory fans;805- heating wire nets;806- ultraviolet lights Fluorescent tube;807- reflecting optics;
901- leaches vessel;902- leaches plate;903- leaches hole;904- leachates add case;906- liquid level gauges;
1101- supersonic generators;1102- ultrasonic transducers;1103- ultrasonic wave amplification bars;
1201- Heating Cups;1202- condensation recovering devices;1203- sealing covers;1204- distills heater;1205- cucurbits; 1206- decontamination filter paper;
1301- water-bath cups;1302- water-bath heaters;1303- recrystallizes vessel;1304- gas gathering covers;1305- drainage plates; 1306- exhaust pipes;
1401- microcontrollers;1402- displays;1403- is silicon-controlled;1404- dry powder solenoid valves;1405- water slurry solenoid valves; 1406- vapo(u)rizing temperature sensors;1407- recrystallization temperature sensors;1408- leachates add solenoid valve;
5051- fixed frames;5052- supporting networks;5053- fixed plates;5054- fixed springs;
5061- motion bars;5062- blowdown catch.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figures 1 to 10, the present invention provides a kind of continuous separating extraction devices of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro, including Installs case 1,1 top of the installs case are equipped with coarse crushing feeding equipment 2, and 1 internal upper part of the installs case is equipped with ultramicro grinding mechanism 3,3 lower part of ultramicro grinding mechanism is equipped with active ingredient extraction mechanism 4, the active ingredient extraction mechanism 4 and ultramicro grinding Continuous material guide device 5 is connected between mechanism 3,4 lower section of the active ingredient extraction mechanism is equipped with two-stage and purifies mechanism 6.
In present embodiment, coarse crushing feeding equipment 2 carries out plant to be extracted preliminary crushing, can be by plant to be extracted Object is ground into smaller volume, reduces the loss to ultramicro grinding mechanism, while also greatly improving the effect of crushing, Ultramicro-powder Broken mechanism 3 carries out secondary fine crushing to the plant to be extracted of preliminary crushing, can plant to be extracted be ground into smaller body Product, while destroying the biological cell wall of effective components in plants to be extracted so that effective components in plants to be extracted is fully sudden and violent It is exposed in extracting solution, the recovery rate of effective components in plants to be extracted is substantially increased, after active ingredient extraction mechanism 4 is to crushing Plant to be extracted in active ingredient extract, realize the separation of impurity and effective components in plants to be extracted, simplify The step of subsequently separation to effective components in plants to be extracted, after continuous material guide device 5 will crush in ultramicro grinding mechanism 3 Plant to be extracted is transported in active ingredient extraction mechanism 4, realizes continuous production, greatly improves the efficiency of production, and two The separating-purifying that grade purification mechanism 6 carries out the extracting solution of the active ingredient of plant to be extracted, by way of two-stage purification, not only More effective ingredients in plant can be obtained, while the purity purified is higher.
The ultramicro grinding mechanism 3 includes fine powder crushing device 7, and 7 right end of fine powder crushing device is connected with auxiliary powder Crushing device 8, the fine powder crushing device 7 include grinding barrel 701, and the grinding barrel 701 is mounted in installs case 1, the grinding barrel 701 are connected with driving motor 702, are equipped with pulverization roller 703 in the grinding barrel 701, the pulverization roller 703 in grinding barrel 701 It is equipped with several row's support springs 704 between wall, is equipped between the adjacent support spring 704 and pulverizes disk 705, and pulverize disk 705 are fixedly mounted on pulverization roller 703.
In present embodiment, ultramicro grinding mechanism 3 carries out secondary fine crushing to the plant to be extracted of preliminary crushing, can Plant to be extracted is ground into smaller volume, while destroying the biological cell wall of effective components in plants to be extracted so that Effective components in plants to be extracted is sufficiently exposed in extracting solution, substantially increases the extraction of effective components in plants to be extracted Rate, in the present embodiment, when driving motor 702 works, grinding barrel 701 rotates therewith, logical with 701 inner wall of grinding barrel The pulverization roller 703 of the connection of support spring 704 is crossed under the action of 704 tangential force of support spring, pulverization roller 703 is also with grinding barrel 701 rotate together, since by centrifugal force when itself gravity and rotation to be more than support spring 704 upward for pulverization roller 703 Elastic force, positioned at 703 mountain of pulverization roller pulverize 705 bottom end of disk always with 701 bottom making contact of grinding barrel so that be located at grinding barrel 701 plant to be extracted is rolled repeatedly, and final plant to be extracted is milled into tiny powder or slurries, biological cell wall It is destroyed, the active ingredient in biological cell wall is exposed, and substantially increases the recovery rate of effective components in plants to be extracted And reduce the extraction cost of active ingredient.
701 inner surface of the grinding barrel is equipped with cylindricality crushing groove 10, and 10 bottom surface of cylindricality crushing groove is slided with disk 705 is pulverized Dynamic contact, the cylindricality crushing groove 10 are fixedly connected with 704 one end of support spring, and 10 both ends of cylindricality crushing groove are equipped with section The column of rectangular triangle guides disk, the column guiding disk to be fixedly mounted on 701 inner wall of grinding barrel.
In present embodiment, cylindricality crushing groove 10 provides the place of crushing for plant to be extracted, and 704 one end of support spring is solid Dingan County is in cylindricality crushing groove 10, and the other end of support spring 704 is fixedly mounted on pulverization roller 703, on pulverization roller 703 Disk 705 is pulverized during rotation with 10 bottom making contact of cylindricality crushing groove, the crushing of plant to be extracted is realized, in this reality It applies in mode, the setting of cylindricality crushing groove 10 so that the plant to be extracted in grinding barrel 701 still falls within cylindricality crushing groove 10 Interior, convenient for crushing grinding to plant to be extracted, column guides disk close to 10 one end of cylindricality crushing groove and cylindricality crushing groove 10 Bottom is concordant, and cylindricality guides the setting of disk 11 so that just slides into column in the plant to be extracted of attrition grinding in grinding barrel 701 In shape crushing groove 10 so that plant attrition grinding to be extracted more fully, to improve obtaining for effective components in plants to be extracted Take efficiency.
The assisted comminution device 8 includes the wind-collecting cover 801 in round platform planar, and 801 right side of the wind-collecting cover is equipped with Air inlet 802, and air inlet 802 is connected with liquid nitrogen container 803 by conduit, and auxiliary wind is installed in the wind-collecting cover 802 Machine 804,804 left side of the accessory fan are equipped with heating wire net 805, and 805 left side of the heating wire net is equipped with quartz burner 806, reflecting optics 807 are equipped with around the quartz burner 806.
In present embodiment, assisted comminution device 8 is used for that fine powder crushing device 7 is assisted preferably to complete the powder of plant to be extracted Breakdown mill, assisted comminution device 8 carry out coldization processing, plant coldization processing to be extracted by the liquid nitrogen of ejection to plant to be extracted It is more brittle afterwards, with can not only making plant attrition grinding to be extracted more fully, improve effective components in plants to be extracted Acquisition rate, while reducing plant to be extracted in attrition grinding process medium temperature liter, it is therefore prevented that high temperature causes effective ingredients in plant Bioactivity decline, improve the quality of effective components in plants.
In the present embodiment, when plant to be extracted is dry solid, plant attrition grinding to be extracted is being carried out When, the rotating speed of accessory fan 804 is adjusted, when plant mill to be extracted is at fine particle, in the work of 804 wind-force of accessory fan Under, it is blown to the left end of grinding barrel 701;
When particle is larger after plant attrition grinding to be extracted, cannot grinding barrel 701 be blowed to by the blowing of accessory fan 804 Left end, plant to be extracted is in cylindricality crushing groove 10 always until be ground into fine particle, is finally blown to crushing The left end of bucket 701.
In present embodiment, accessory fan 804 is electrically connected to also by silicon-controlled on following microcontrollers 1401, is passed through The control signal that microcontroller 1401 provides realizes that the adjusting of 804 wind speed of accessory fan, accessory fan 804 are crushed in plant to be extracted Play the role of screening during grinding, while the nitrogen that liquid nitrogen container 803 is discharged is blowed to plant to be extracted by accessory fan 804 Object accelerates the speed of plant attrition grinding to be extracted, while also improving the quality of the effective ingredients in plant after obtaining, and works as powder When broken plant to be extracted is active plant, the nitrogen that liquid nitrogen container 803 is discharged is blowed to plant to be extracted by accessory fan 804, auxiliary Fine powder crushing device 7 is helped more preferably to complete the attrition grinding of plant to be extracted faster.
When carrying out the attrition grinding of plant to be extracted, quartz burner 806 works, and makees in the reflection of reflecting optics 807 Under, ultraviolet light is reflected on the plant to be extracted crushed for the first time, is carried out disinfection sterilization to the plant to be extracted crushed for the first time, Prevent the bacterium that plant surface to be extracted carries from being damaged to the activity of effective components in plants to be extracted.
It, need to be to being cleaned in grinding barrel 701 before carrying out next effective ingredients in plant extraction, specific step is: It adds suitable ejected wash water into grinding barrel 701, opens driving motor 702, accessory fan 804, heating wire net 805 and ultraviolet Line fluorescent tube 806,803 air valve of liquid nitrogen container simultaneously closed off, ejected wash water during rotation to being cleaned in grinding barrel 701, After the completion of cleaning, the hot wind that accessory fan 804 is blown out to being dried drying in grinding barrel 701, the generation of quartz burner 805 Ultraviolet light avoids residuals in grinding barrel 701 and bacterium to subsequent operation to the sterilization that carries out disinfection inside grinding barrel 701 It pollutes.
The coarse crushing feeding equipment 2 is including feed hopper 201 and crushes pipe 202, the feed hopper 201 and crushing pipe 202 It being fixedly connected, hinged there are two striker plate 203 in the feed hopper 201,203 top of the striker plate is equipped with postive stop baffle 204, And postive stop baffle 204 is fixedly mounted on 201 inner wall of feed hopper, it is fixed between 201 inner wall of the striker plate 203 and feed hopper to connect It is connected to resetting spring 205, is movably installed with two crushing columns 206 in the crushing pipe 202, on two crushing columns 206 Equipped with crushing groove 207, and the crushing groove 207 on two crushing columns 206 is connected, and the crushing column 206 for being located at left side passes Dynamic be connected with crushes motor 208, and the crushing motor 208 is fixedly mounted on the trailing flank in installs case 1.
In present embodiment, coarse crushing feeding equipment 2 carries out plant to be extracted preliminary crushing, can be by plant to be extracted Object is ground into smaller volume, reduces the loss to ultramicro grinding mechanism, while also greatly improving the effect of crushing, in this reality It applies in mode, plant to be extracted is added into feed hopper 201, the plant to be extracted on striker plate 203 waits for that striker plate 203 produces Raw pressure is more than the elastic force that is generated to striker plate of resetting spring 205, and striker plate 203 rotates down certain angle, positioned at into There is crack in 203 centre position of striker plate of 201 both sides of hopper, and the plant to be extracted being located on striker plate 203 declines from crack Enter to 201 bottom of feed hopper, after the plant to be extracted on striker plate 203 drops into 201 bottom of feed hopper, striker plate 203 exists Under the action of 205 elastic force of resetting spring, it is restored to original position, two pieces of striker plates 203 close up the sealing for realizing feed hopper 201.
After plant to be extracted is dropped into after being slided from striker plate 203 on crushing column 206, crushes column 206 and crushing motor 208 be rotated by, be located at and crush plant to be extracted on column 206 during crushing column 206 and rotating, be crushed slot 207 pulverize, and finally drop into and carry out separating twice grinding in grinding barrel 701.
Specifically, two crushing columns 206 are in rotation process, on the crushing column 206 of one of them crushing groove 207 with it is another One projection portion matching crushed on column 206, during rotation, one of crushing groove 207 crushed on column 206 It is engaged with crushing groove 207 on another crushing column 206, improves the crushing effect of plant to be extracted, in the present embodiment, limit The setting of position baffle 204, limits the angle of the rotation of striker plate 203 so that striker plate 203 is acted in 205 elastic force of resetting spring Under be horizontal, with have the function that seal feed hopper 201, avoid plant to be extracted during crushing from charging Pop-up in bucket 201.
The continuous material guide device 5 includes the water slurry guiding tube 502 of the dry powder guiding tube 501 and right side in left side, described dry Powder guiding tube 501 is movably arranged on 701 left end of grinding barrel, and several spoilers 503 are equipped in the dry powder guiding tube 501, described Spoiler 503 is arranged at intervals on 501 left and right side of dry powder guiding tube, and arc filter chamber is equipped in the water slurry guiding tube 502 504,504 bottom of arc filter chamber is equipped with filter 505, and blowdown wheel is movably installed in the arc filter chamber 504 506,506 right side of the blowdown wheel is removably equipped with dirt discharge groove 507, and dirt discharge groove 507 passes through 1 right side of installs case and activity In installs case 1, the blowdown wheel 506 includes motion bar 5061, and several rows are equidistantly equipped on the motion bar 5061 Dirty catch 5062, and blowdown catch 5062 is contacted with 505 upper surface slide of filter.
In present embodiment, the plant to be extracted after being crushed in ultramicro grinding mechanism 3 has been transported to by continuous material guide device 5 It imitates in constituents extraction mechanism 4, realizes continuous production, greatly improve the efficiency of production, in the present embodiment, continuously lead Material device 5 takes the plant to be extracted of dry pulverization process and wet pulverizing different guide modes, when plant to be extracted is dryness Solid matter when, the powder after attrition grinding is entered by dry powder guiding tube 501 in active ingredient extraction mechanism 4, is crushed Powder in bucket 701 after the pulverized grinding of plant to be extracted is under the action of accessory fan 804 is dried, out of grinding barrel 804 It is blown into cylindricality crushing groove 10 in dry powder guiding tube 501, powder receives 503 resistance of spoiler in dry powder guiding tube 501 Effect, the speed of flow of powder slow down, and avoid when flow of powder excessive velocities cause powder that dry powder guiding tube is discharged and overflow.
When plant to be extracted is active plant, slurries after plant attrition grinding to be extracted from water slurry guiding tube 502 into Enter into active ingredient extraction mechanism 4, in the present embodiment, water slurry guiding tube 502 and 701 specific connection type of grinding barrel For:On grinding barrel 701 diversion canal 15, the barrier being equipped on diversion canal 15 are equipped with positioned at the inner surface of 10 right end of cylindricality crushing groove Net 16, the outer surface that 10 right end of cylindricality crushing groove is located on grinding barrel 701 are equipped with the loose slot 17 that section is in ' Qian ' shape, activity The section slidably connected on slot 17 is in the connection strap 18 of ' Qian ' shape, and 18 bottom end of connection strap is connected to connection with water slurry guiding tube 502, During grinding barrel 701 rotates, connection strap 18 remains stationary as, by connection strap 18 by the plant of the grinding in grinding barrel 701 Object slurries are discharged, and the left side of wherein diversion canal 15 is slightly recessed, and collect discharge convenient for vegetable slurries, obstruct the setting of net 16, keep away Exempt from the powder after dryness plant attrition grinding to be extracted to be discharged from diversion canal 15.
During carrying out vegetable slurries discharge to be extracted, the slurries after plant attrition grinding to be extracted enter water slurry It after guiding tube 502, is fallen under slurries on blowdown catch 5062, possessed kinetic energy is converted into 506 turns of blowdown wheel when slurries fall Kinetic energy when dynamic, during blowdown wheel rotates, the residue that filter 505 filters is during blowdown catch 5062 rotates Go out from 504 bottom of arc filter chamber by belt, is discharged eventually by dirt discharge groove 507, in the present embodiment, blowdown catch 5062 It is made of two sections of plectrums, and two sections of plectrums tilt connection, is in the present embodiment convenient for the residue on discharge filter 505 It avoids blowdown wheel 506 from not rotating, drive link 19 can be installed on blowdown wheel 506,1 trailing flank of installs case is passed through to connect a rotation Handle hand 20 can carry out the discharge of residue manually.
The filter 505 includes fixed frame 5051, and 5051 bottom of the fixed frame is installed with supporting network 5052, institute It states 5051 top of fixed frame and the fixed plate 5053 that four pieces of sections are in ' L ' shape, the fixed plate 5053 is movably installed with by hinge Fixed spring 5054 is fixedly connected between supporting network 5052, and 5053 left side of fixed plate after fixing and fixed frame 5051 Inner surface fitting contact.
In present embodiment, filter 505 detaches the insoluble matter in vegetable slurries to be extracted, arc installation cavity 504 bottoms are equipped with mounting groove 21, and filter 505 is removably mounted in the mounting groove 21 of 504 bottom of arc filter chamber, according to The filter screen for grinding the size selection different densities of residue in rear slurry, filter 505 is mounted on after determining filter screen type On the filterings of vegetable slurries to be extracted can be realized, after the insoluble matter removal in vegetable slurries to be extracted, simplify and subsequently treat The step of extracting effective components in plants extraction.
In the present embodiment, the specific installation method of filter screen is:First by the fixed plate around fixed frame 5051 5053 strut, and then the filter screen of selection is entirely laid on supporting network 5052, finally unclamp fixed plate 5053, fixed plate 5053 are restored to original position under the action of 5054 elastic force of fixed spring so that filter screen is secured firmly to 5053 and branch of fixed plate Between supportting net 5052, in the present embodiment, 5053 upper side of fixed plate is concordant with 5051 upper side of fixed frame, filter 505 After installation, filter 505 is in close contact with 21 inner wall of mounting groove, avoids seam of the slurries between filter 505 and mounting groove 21 It is flowed out in gap.
The active ingredient extraction mechanism 4 includes infuser 9 and high-efficiency cleaning device 11, and the infuser 9 includes leaching Vessel 901,901 bottom of leaching vessel are connect by conduit with dry powder guiding tube 501 and water slurry guiding tube 502, institute It states to leach to be installed in the middle part of in vessel 901 and leaches plate 902, and leach plate 902 and be equipped with several coniform leaching holes 903,901 top of leaching vessel is connected with leachate addition case 904, and leachate addition case 904 is connected with filler pipe 905,901 top of leaching vessel is installed with liquid level gauge 906.
In present embodiment, active ingredient extraction mechanism 4 puies forward the active ingredient in the plant to be extracted after crushing It takes, realizes the separation of impurity and effective components in plants to be extracted, simplify subsequently to effective components in plants to be extracted point From the step of, active ingredient extraction mechanism 4 by leachate by slurries effective components in plants absorb, then by follow-up The step of effective ingredients in plant is detached with leachate, realize the extraction of effective ingredients in plant, wherein leachate addition case 904 is used In storage leachate, filler pipe 905 passes through 1 left side of installs case and is fixedly mounted on 1 left side of installs case, filler pipe 905 For add leachate addition case 904 in leachate, the setting of liquid level gauge 906, can to leach vessel 901 in liquid level into Row detection avoids leachate spilling.
When plant to be extracted is dryness plant, the powder that attrition grinding generates is entered by dry powder guiding tube 501 In infuser 9, entering in leaching vessel 901 for the powder of plant to be extracted is contacted with leachate afterwards, and leachate will be treated and be carried It takes the active ingredient in plant to be absorbed, wherein leaching plate 902 and the coniform setting for leaching hole 903, avoids to be extracted Plant powder directly floats to the upper surface of leachate when entering vessel 901 to be leached, and slowing down leachate has plant The absorption rate of ingredient is imitated, while the coniform leaching hole 903 for setting of standing upside down avoids plant powder to be extracted and is deposited in leaching The upper surface of ejecting plate 902 reduces accumulation of the plant powder to be extracted on leaching plate 902.
When plant to be extracted is active plant, the slurries that attrition grinding generates are entered by water slurry guiding tube 502 In infuser 9, after vegetable slurries to be extracted enter leaching vessel 901, come into full contact with leachate, leachate is to plant to be extracted Active ingredient in object slurries is absorbed, and the leachate for absorbing effective ingredients in plant to be extracted is realized by follow-up step The separation of leachate and effective ingredients in plant, you can realize the extraction of effective ingredients in plant.
The high-efficiency cleaning device 11 includes supersonic generator 1101, ultrasonic transducer 1102 and ultrasonic wave amplification bar 1103, the supersonic generator 1101, ultrasonic transducer 1102 and ultrasonic wave amplification bar 1103 are fixedly mounted on installation In case 1, the output end of the supersonic generator 1101 is electrically connected with the input terminal of ultrasonic transducer 1102, the ultrasound The output end of wave transducer 1102 is electrically connected with 1103 electrical energy inputs of ultrasonic wave amplification bar, the ultrasonic wave amplification bar 1103 It is leached inside vessel 901 across leaching 901 bottom surface of vessel and extending to.
In present embodiment, high-efficiency cleaning device 11 realizes leachate and plant powder to be extracted by providing high-frequency vibration Or slurries come into full contact with, and accelerate absorption rate of the leachate to effective components in plants to be extracted, shorten plant effectively at Divide the period of extraction, while high-efficiency cleaning device 11 can also clean infuser 9, it is suitable clear when being added in infuser 9 After clean water, the high-frequency vibration that high-efficiency cleaning device 11 provides enables to the spot being attached on infuser 9 to fall off, and plays one Fixed cleaning effect.
In the present embodiment, supersonic generator 1101 is used for alternating current being converted to ultrasonic transducer 1102 corresponding For high-frequency alternating current to drive ultrasonic transducer 1102 to work, ultrasonic transducer 1102 is defeated by supersonic generator 1101 The high-frequency electric power gone out is converted into mechanical output (i.e. ultrasonic wave) and passes again, and ultrasonic wave amplification bar 1103 is by ultrasonic wave transducer The high-frequency vibration that device 1102 generates is transmitted in infuser 9, the high-frequency vibration for being supplied to infuser 9 to stablize.
Two-stage purification mechanism 6 includes distillation recovery device 12 and recrystallization purifying plant 13, the distillation recovery dress It includes Heating Cup 1201 and condensation recovering device 1202 to set 12, and 1201 top movable of the Heating Cup is equipped with sealing cover 1203, and Sealing cover 1203 is set as double-layer structure, and 1201 inner bottom surface of the Heating Cup is installed with distillation heater 1204, described to add It is additionally provided with cucurbit 1205 in hot cup 1201, is bonded on 1205 inner wall of cucurbit and decontamination filter paper 1206, the distillation is installed 1205 tops of bottle are installed with 1203 inner ring activity of sealing cover, and the condensation recovering device 1202 is fixedly connected with sealing cover 1203, institute It states condensation recovering device 1202 and is set as spiral helicine three-decker.
In present embodiment, the method that two-stage purification mechanism 6 is recovered by distillation and recrystallizes has to absorbing plant The leachate for imitating ingredient carries out separating-purifying, to obtain more pure effective ingredients in plant, wherein 12 energy of distillation recovery device It is enough that first crude separation is carried out according to the difference of each boiling point substance in leachate, the acquired primary product after detaching for the first time With higher purity, the more pure effective ingredients in plant of method acquisition of the primary product then by recrystallization purification, two The method of grade separating-purifying, not only increases the extraction efficiency of effective ingredients in plant, while also improving effective ingredients in plant Purity.
The method of purification of distillation recovery is specially:After the leachate of effective ingredients in plant reaches in cucurbit 1205, to Suitable water is added in Heating Cup 1201, opens simultaneously distillation heater 1204 and the water in Heating Cup 1201 is heated, lead to The mode for crossing heating water bath heats cucurbit 1205, and the mode of heating water bath makes cucurbit 1205 be heated everywhere It is even, convenient for the control to vapo(u)rizing temperature, distillation separation is then carried out according to the boiling point of each substance in effective ingredients in plant leachate Extraction.
Distillation separation and Extraction detaches successively from low to high according to boiling point, when the boiling of the impurity in effective ingredients in plant leachate When point has the boiling point more than active ingredient also to have the boiling point less than active ingredient, the impurity that first will be less than active ingredient boiling point carries out Distillation separation, then carries out distillation separation and recovery to active ingredient again, the distillation separation that remaining liquid need not then carry out, directly It connects and pours out, the process for simplifying effective ingredients in plant separation accelerates the efficiency of effective ingredients in plant extraction.
In the present embodiment, sealing cover 1203 is set as double-layer structure, and external channel is vapor overflow channel, is avoided The excessively high danger for causing explosion of air pressure, 1203 inner passage of sealing cover are leached for effective ingredients in plant in Heating Cup 1201 when heating The gas of impurity and active ingredient in liquid provides the channel of circulation, is convenient for the separation of impurity and active ingredient, decontamination Filter paper 1206 is replaceably mounted on the inner wall of cucurbit 1205, internal when carrying out effective ingredients in plant distillation separation Impurity may crystallize precipitation, and the impurity in cucurbit 1205 can be removed by replacing decontamination filter paper, avoid extracting next time Operation pollutes, while effective ingredients in plant crystallization is precipitated in order to prevent, adds during being extracted to effective ingredients in plant Add enough leachates, the setting of condensation recovering device 1202 that can carry out condensing recovery to the vapor of effective ingredients in plant, obtain Take the product of the first separating-purifying of effective ingredients in plant.
Wherein condensation recovering device 1202 tilts down certain angle installation, convenient for plant in condensation recovering device 1202 effectively at Steam and the vapor condensation divided flows in recrystallization purifying plant 13, and condensation recovering device 1202 is set as helical form, increases The tube side of steam condensation, greatly improves the effect of condensation, and condensation recovering device 1202 is set as three-decker, in three-decker The steam, circulating water, vapor of effective ingredients in plant or impurity are passed sequentially through from inside to outside, and wherein circulating water flows into high from bottom end End outflow, enables to circulating water to be full of middle level pipeline, promotes the effect of condensation.
The recrystallization purifying plant 13 includes water-bath cup 1301, and 1301 bottom of water-bath cup is installed with water-bath and adds Hot device 1302, the water-bath cup 1301 is interior to be equipped with recrystallization vessel 1303, and 1301 top movable of water-bath cup is equipped with gas collection Lid 1304,1304 lower surface of the gas gathering cover be equipped with conical surface shape drainage plate 1305,1304 top of the gas gathering cover be condensed back to It receives device 1202 to connect, 1304 top of the gas gathering cover is also associated with exhaust pipe 1306, and the exhaust pipe 1306 passes through installs case 1 right Side is simultaneously fixedly mounted in installs case 1.
In present embodiment, recrystallization purifying plant 13 by the solution to effective ingredients in plant to be extracted heat dense Contracting, when the solvent of effective ingredients in plant solution to be extracted is evaporated reduction, effective ingredients in plant concentration to be extracted increases, when waiting carrying When the concentration of effective ingredients in plant being taken to be more than its solubility in the solvent, effective ingredients in plant to be extracted can crystallize precipitation, The crystal of more pure effective ingredients in plant to be extracted can be obtained in recrystallizing vessel 1303.
Recrystallizing the specific method purified is:The primary of the effective ingredients in plant to be extracted of 12 condensing recovery of condensation recovering device Product flow to recrystallization vessel 1303, and suitable water is added into water-bath cup 1301 first, then opens water-bath heater 1302, water-bath heater 1302 works, the water in heated water bath cup 1301, and water temperature increases in water-bath cup 1301, is water-bath vessel 1303 provide suitable heating temperatures, the solvent volatilization in water-bath vessel 1303 in primary product, with the continuous volatilization of solvent, Effective ingredients in plant crystallization to be extracted is precipitated, and water-bath heater 1302 is finally closed, to plant to be extracted in water-bath vessel 1303 Active ingredient crystal is collected.
The liquid of wherein 1202 innermost layer of condensation recovering device flowing leads to recrystallization vessel 1303, and condensation recovering device 1202 is most The condensed water of outer flow is flowed by drainage plate 1305 in water-bath cup 1301, and the water of water-bath cup 1301 can be supplemented, collection Gas lid 1304 and exhaust pipe 1306 can by water-bath cup 1301 and recrystallization vessel 1303 in steam be discharged, avoid steam into Enter inside installs case 1, influence whole working performance, the drainage plate 1305 of conical surface shape has not only acted as guiding condensed water and entered water Cup 1301 is bathed, while also avoiding steam condensing reflux in recrystallization process and accelerating recrystallization to recrystallizing in vessel 1303 The progress of process.
Intelligent controlling device 14 is installed, the intelligent controlling device 14 includes microcontroller 1401, institute in the installs case 1 It states microcontroller 1401 and is electrically connected with display 1402,1401 output end of the microcontroller and supersonic generator 1101, distillation Be electrically connected with silicon-controlled 1403 between heater 1204 and water-bath heater 1302,1401 output end of the microcontroller with Liquid level gauge 906 is electrically connected, and 1401 output end of the microcontroller is also electrically connected with dry powder solenoid valve 1404, water slurry solenoid valve 1405, vapo(u)rizing temperature sensor 1406, recrystallization temperature sensor 1407 and leachate add solenoid valve 1408, the dry powder Solenoid valve 1404 is mounted between grinding barrel 701 and dry powder guiding tube 501, and the water slurry solenoid valve 1405 is mounted on grinding barrel Between 701 and water slurry guiding tube 502, the vapo(u)rizing temperature sensor 1406 is fixedly mounted on Heating Cup 1201, the heavy knot Brilliant temperature sensor 1407 is fixedly mounted on 1301 inner wall of heating water bath cup, and the leachate addition solenoid valve, which is mounted on, to be leached Liquid adds between case and leaching vessel.
In present embodiment, microcontroller 1401 by each sensor passes come real time information to each equipment in installs case 1 It is monitored in real time and is taken appropriate measures so that the progress of the technique of effective ingredients in plant extraction without any confusion.
The specific control mode of microcontroller is:Microcontroller 1401 is passed by vapo(u)rizing temperature sensor 1406 and recrystallization temperature Sensor 1407 come obtain distillation and recrystallization when bath temperature, when the temperature of detection be more than required temperature when, microcontroller 1401 are in cut-off state by sending trigger signal to silicon-controlled 1403, silicon-controlled 1403, distill heater 1204 and water-bath Heater 1302 is stopped, and vapo(u)rizing temperature meter and bath temperature decline, and reach required temperature;When the temperature of detection is less than institute When the temperature needed, microcontroller 140 sends trigger signal to silicon-controlled 1403, is changed by changing the Trigger Angle of trigger signal Distill the heating power of heater 1204 and water-bath heater 1302 so that the bath temperature of vapo(u)rizing temperature sum reaches required Temperature.
Microcontroller 1401 controls dry powder by sending trigger signal to dry powder solenoid valve 1404 and water slurry solenoid valve 1405 The shutdown of solenoid valve 1404 and water slurry solenoid valve 1405, and then realize the control to continuous material guide device 5.
Microcontroller 1401 obtains the height for leaching liquid level in vessel 901 by liquid level gauge 906, and according to leaching vessel 901 liquid level come control leachate add solenoid valve 1408 shutdown, when leach liquid measure it is less when, microcontroller 1401 passes through Control leachate addition solenoid valve 1408 is opened to add leachate, and when leaching liquid measure reaches aequum, microcontroller 1401 is controlled Leachate addition solenoid valve processed stops addition leachate.
Microcontroller 1401 realizes the switch of supersonic generator 1101 by sending trigger signal to silicon-controlled 1403, adds Fast absorption of the leachate to effective ingredients in plant to be extracted, while infuser 9 can also be cleaned.
Touch display screen is chosen with the display 1402 that microcontroller 1401 is electrically connected, can be shown according in touch display screen The information shown judges the operating condition of each equipment, and the operating status for each equipment that can be controlled by touch screen.
It illustrates, other electric appliances in present embodiment can be connected by relay microcontroller 1401, be passed through The trigger signal that microcontroller 1401 is sent to relay realizes the switch of electric appliance, convenient for the control to electric appliance in the equipment.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro, including installs case (1), it is characterised in that:The installation Coarse crushing feeding equipment (2) is equipped at the top of case (1), installs case (1) internal upper part is equipped with ultramicro grinding mechanism (3), described super Crushing of Ultrafine mechanism (3) lower part is equipped with active ingredient extraction mechanism (4), the active ingredient extraction mechanism (4) and micronizer Continuous material guide device (5) is connected between structure (3), being equipped with two-stage below the active ingredient extraction mechanism (4) purifies mechanism (6)。
2. a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Ultramicro grinding mechanism (3) includes fine powder crushing device (7), and fine powder crushing device (7) right end is connected with assisted comminution device (8), the fine powder crushing device (7) includes grinding barrel (701), and the grinding barrel (701) is mounted in installs case (1), the powder Broken bucket (701) is connected with driving motor (702), and pulverization roller (703), the pulverization roller (703) are equipped in the grinding barrel (701) It is equipped with several row's support springs (704) between grinding barrel (701) inner wall, is equipped between the adjacent support spring (704) Disk (705) is pulverized, and pulverizes disk (705) and is fixedly mounted on pulverization roller (703), grinding barrel (701) inner surface is equipped with column Shape crushing groove (10), cylindricality crushing groove (10) bottom surface and pulverizes disk (705) sliding contact, the cylindricality crushing groove (10) with Support spring (704) one end is fixedly connected, and the column that cylindricality crushing groove (10) both ends are equipped with the rectangular triangle in section is drawn Godet, the column guiding disk are fixedly mounted on grinding barrel (701) inner wall.
3. a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Assisted comminution device (8) includes the wind-collecting cover (801) in round platform planar, the air inlet that wind-collecting cover (801) right side is equipped with (802), and air inlet (802) is connected with liquid nitrogen container (803) by conduit, and auxiliary is installed in the wind-collecting cover (802) Wind turbine (804), accessory fan (804) left side are equipped with heating wire net (805), purple are equipped on the left of the heating wire net (805) Outside line fluorescent tube (806), quartz burner (806) surrounding are equipped with reflecting optics (807).
4. a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Coarse crushing feeding equipment (2) includes feed hopper (201) and crushes pipe (202), and the feed hopper (201) is solid with crushing pipe (202) Fixed to connect, hinged there are two striker plate (203) in the feed hopper (201), striker plate (203) top is equipped with postive stop baffle (204), and postive stop baffle (204) is fixedly mounted on feed hopper (201) inner wall, the striker plate (203) and feed hopper (201) Resetting spring (205) is fixedly connected between inner wall, the crushing manages and is movably installed with two crushing columns (206) in (202), and two Crushing groove (207) is equipped on a crushing column (206), and crushing groove (207) occlusion on two crushing columns (206) connects It connects, the crushing column (206) for being located at left side is sequentially connected with crushing motor (208), and the crushing motor (208) is fixedly mounted On trailing flank in installs case (1).
5. a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Continuous material guide device (5) includes the water slurry guiding tube (502) of the dry powder guiding tube (501) and right side in left side, the dry powder guiding Pipe (501) is movably arranged on grinding barrel (701) left end, and several spoilers (503), institute are equipped in the dry powder guiding tube (501) It states spoiler (503) to be arranged at intervals on dry powder guiding tube (501) left and right side, arc is equipped in the water slurry guiding tube (502) Shape filter chamber (504), arc filter chamber (504) bottom are equipped with filter (505), and the arc filter chamber (504) is interior It is movably installed with blowdown wheel (506), dirt discharge groove (507), and dirt discharge groove are removably equipped on the right side of the blowdown wheel (506) (507) it passes through installs case (1) right side and is movably arranged in installs case (1), the blowdown wheel (506) includes motion bar (5061), several blowdown catch (5062), and blowdown catch (5062) and filtering are equidistantly equipped on the motion bar (5061) Device (505) upper surface slide contacts;The filter (505) includes fixed frame (5051), and fixed frame (5051) bottom is solid Dingan County is equipped with supporting network (5052), and it is in ' L ' shape to be movably installed with four pieces of sections by hinge at the top of the fixed frame (5051) Fixed plate (5053) is fixedly connected with fixed spring (5054) between the fixed plate (5053) and supporting network (5052), and solid Fixed plate (5053) left side after fixed is contacted with the fitting of fixed frame (5051) inner surface.
6. a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Active ingredient extraction mechanism (4) includes infuser (9) and high-efficiency cleaning device (11), and the infuser (9) includes leaching vessel (901), the leaching vessel (901) bottom is connected by conduit with dry powder guiding tube (501) and water slurry guiding tube (502) It connects, middle part, which is installed with, in the leaching vessel (901) leaches plate (902), and leaches plate (902) equipped with several coniform Leaching hole (903), leaching vessel (901) top be connected with leachate addition case (904), and leachate add case (904) it is connected with filler pipe (905), leaching vessel (901) top is installed with liquid level gauge (906).
7. a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is described High-efficiency cleaning device (11) includes supersonic generator (1101), ultrasonic transducer (1102) and ultrasonic wave amplification bar (1103), the fixed peace of the supersonic generator (1101), ultrasonic transducer (1102) and ultrasonic wave amplification bar (1103) In installs case (1), the output end of the supersonic generator (1101) and the input terminal electricity of ultrasonic transducer (1102) Property connection, the output end of the ultrasonic transducer (1102) is electrically connected with ultrasonic wave amplification bar (1103) electrical energy inputs, The ultrasonic wave amplification bar (1103), which passes through to leach vessel (901) bottom surface and extend to, leaches vessel (901) inside.
8. a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Two-stage purification mechanism (6) includes distillation recovery device (12) and recrystallization purifying plant (13), the distillation recovery device (12) Including Heating Cup (1201) and condensation recovering device (1202), Heating Cup (1201) top movable is equipped with sealing cover (1203), and sealing cover (1203) is set as double-layer structure, and Heating Cup (1201) inner bottom surface is installed with distillation heating Device (1204), the Heating Cup (1201) is interior to be additionally provided with cucurbit (1205), is bonded and is equipped on cucurbit (1205) inner wall Impurity filter paper (1206), cucurbit (1205) top are installed with sealing cover (1203) inner ring activity, the condensation recovering device (1202) it is fixedly connected with sealing cover (1203), the condensation recovering device (1202) is set as spiral helicine three-decker.
9. a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:It is described It includes water-bath cup (1301) to recrystallize purifying plant (13), and water-bath cup (1301) bottom is installed with water-bath heater (1302), recrystallization vessel (1303) are equipped in the water-bath cup (1301), water-bath cup (1301) top movable is equipped with Gas gathering cover (1304), gas gathering cover (1304) lower surface are equipped with the drainage plate (1305) of conical surface shape, the gas gathering cover (1304) Top is connect with condensation recovering device (1202), and gas gathering cover (1304) top is also associated with exhaust pipe (1306), the exhaust Pipe (1306) passes through installs case (1) right side and is fixedly mounted in installs case (1).
10. a kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute It states and intelligent controlling device (14) is installed in installs case (1), the intelligent controlling device (14) includes microcontroller (1401), described Microcontroller (1401) is electrically connected with display (1402), microcontroller (1401) output end and supersonic generator (1101), it is electrically connected with silicon-controlled (1403) between distillation heater (1204) and water-bath heater (1302), it is described Microcontroller (1401) output end is electrically connected with liquid level gauge (906), and microcontroller (1401) output end is also electrically connected with dry Powder solenoid valve (1404), water slurry solenoid valve (1405), vapo(u)rizing temperature sensor (1406), recrystallization temperature sensor (1407) with And leachate addition solenoid valve (1408), the dry powder solenoid valve (1404) are mounted on grinding barrel (701) and dry powder guiding tube (501) between, the water slurry solenoid valve (1405) is mounted between grinding barrel (701) and water slurry guiding tube (502), the distillation Temperature sensor (1406) is fixedly mounted on Heating Cup (1201), and the recrystallization temperature sensor (1407) is fixedly mounted on On heating water bath cup (1301) inner wall, the leachate addition solenoid valve (1408) is mounted on leachate addition case (904) and leaching Go out between vessel (901).
CN201810239323.4A 2018-03-22 2018-03-22 A kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro Active CN108479105B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810239323.4A CN108479105B (en) 2018-03-22 2018-03-22 A kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810239323.4A CN108479105B (en) 2018-03-22 2018-03-22 A kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108479105A true CN108479105A (en) 2018-09-04
CN108479105B CN108479105B (en) 2019-06-21

Family

ID=63319048

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810239323.4A Active CN108479105B (en) 2018-03-22 2018-03-22 A kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108479105B (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110772825A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-02-11 潍坊科技学院 Vegetable waste extract preparation separator
CN111151021A (en) * 2019-12-28 2020-05-15 刘金云 Prevent stifled type chemical industry distillation plant of heat exchanger
CN111701274A (en) * 2020-07-04 2020-09-25 刘俊君 Traditional chinese medicine draws enrichment facility
CN112657632A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-16 滁州卷烟材料厂 Aluminum foil paper scrap recycling equipment

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103191821A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-07-10 江苏科技大学 Stem block plant smashing device
US20150140142A1 (en) * 2013-10-08 2015-05-21 Benny Antony Medicinal composition of extract of seed of emblica officinalis and method of preparing the same
CN105031993A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-11-11 柳州市邕达工配厂 Clamp wire cutting fluid filtering device
CN205360664U (en) * 2016-01-02 2016-07-06 刘南林 Active traditional chinese medicine drink machine
CN205913804U (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-02-01 湖州浙粤百事达生物科技有限公司 Plant extraction element
CN206366218U (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-08-01 重庆市神女药业股份有限公司 A kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction isolation integral equipment
CN107694144A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-02-16 苏州雷度生物科技有限公司 One Plant Extracts extraction equipment

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103191821A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-07-10 江苏科技大学 Stem block plant smashing device
US20150140142A1 (en) * 2013-10-08 2015-05-21 Benny Antony Medicinal composition of extract of seed of emblica officinalis and method of preparing the same
CN105031993A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-11-11 柳州市邕达工配厂 Clamp wire cutting fluid filtering device
CN205360664U (en) * 2016-01-02 2016-07-06 刘南林 Active traditional chinese medicine drink machine
CN205913804U (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-02-01 湖州浙粤百事达生物科技有限公司 Plant extraction element
CN206366218U (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-08-01 重庆市神女药业股份有限公司 A kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction isolation integral equipment
CN107694144A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-02-16 苏州雷度生物科技有限公司 One Plant Extracts extraction equipment

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111151021A (en) * 2019-12-28 2020-05-15 刘金云 Prevent stifled type chemical industry distillation plant of heat exchanger
CN110772825A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-02-11 潍坊科技学院 Vegetable waste extract preparation separator
CN110772825B (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-03-17 潍坊科技学院 Vegetable waste extract preparation separator
CN111701274A (en) * 2020-07-04 2020-09-25 刘俊君 Traditional chinese medicine draws enrichment facility
CN112657632A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-04-16 滁州卷烟材料厂 Aluminum foil paper scrap recycling equipment
CN112657632B (en) * 2020-12-28 2022-03-11 滁州卷烟材料厂 Aluminum foil paper scrap recycling equipment

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN108479105B (en) 2019-06-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108514917B (en) A kind of anti-spilled crushing feeding device for plant extract
CN108479105B (en) A kind of continuous separating extraction device of effective ingredients in plant ultra micro
CN108525341A (en) A kind of effective ingredients in plant extraction equipment prepared for medical material
CN108499156A (en) A kind of crushed material transmitting device for effective ingredients in plant extraction
CN108553935A (en) A kind of multi-stage crushing device for the extraction of effective ingredients in plant medicine
CN110237560B (en) Continuous extraction device of traditional Chinese medicine for pharmacy
CN207412812U (en) A kind of rotate filters miscellaneous environment-friendly type traditional Chinese medicine extraction device
CN207468569U (en) A kind of lemon extraction element
CN106733078A (en) A kind of feedstuff Crushing of Ultrafine system
CN108704747A (en) Stone grinding device for building
CN108514942B (en) A kind of plant material crushing guide intelligence control system for medicine preparation
CN209123371U (en) One Plant Extracts isolate and purify device
CN110369065A (en) A kind of crushing drying device of crops fruit
CN207628499U (en) Cullet processing equipment for pulverizing
ES2798401T3 (en) Method for removing particulate materials suspended in steam discharged from an autoclave and a system for treating solid waste comprising an autoclave and means for removing particulate materials suspended in steam discharged from the autoclave
CN207709120U (en) Chinese medicine crushing system
CN205698536U (en) A kind of prepared slices of Chinese crude drugs are fried and are processed machine
CN110170486A (en) A kind of processing of crude drugs device
CN207254437U (en) A kind of reducing mechanism for preparing fine powder medicinal material
CN207786763U (en) Chinese medicine manufacturing equipment containing temperature-controlled member
CN206337203U (en) A kind of extraction element of bletilla polysaccharide
CN107350035B (en) A kind of dry type pulverizing medicinal materials device
CN107279630A (en) A kind of kudzu root beverage production system
CN209161984U (en) It is a kind of for processing the spice extraction element of five-spice powder
CN109664542A (en) A kind of automation oil tea shelling oil press

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
TA01 Transfer of patent application right
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20190523

Address after: 264000 No. 15 Guiyang Street, Yantai Economic and Technological Development Zone, Shandong Province

Applicant after: Yantai new era Health Industry Co., Ltd.

Address before: 401220 Longsheng street, Shuanglong Town, Changshou District, Chongqing 88, 2-13

Applicant before: Sun Xuezhong

GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant