CN108469250A - Reciprocal sight scale reads formula composite level measurement method and device certainly - Google Patents

Reciprocal sight scale reads formula composite level measurement method and device certainly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108469250A
CN108469250A CN201810633099.7A CN201810633099A CN108469250A CN 108469250 A CN108469250 A CN 108469250A CN 201810633099 A CN201810633099 A CN 201810633099A CN 108469250 A CN108469250 A CN 108469250A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
level
measurement
sight
scale
graticule
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Pending
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CN201810633099.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘雁春
王海亭
刘尧
吴祥华
李玉兰
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Dalian Shengboer Surveying And Mapping Instrument Technology Co Ltd
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Dalian Shengboer Surveying And Mapping Instrument Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Dalian Shengboer Surveying And Mapping Instrument Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Dalian Shengboer Surveying And Mapping Instrument Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810633099.7A priority Critical patent/CN108469250A/en
Publication of CN108469250A publication Critical patent/CN108469250A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C5/00Measuring height; Measuring distances transverse to line of sight; Levelling between separated points; Surveyors' levels

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of reciprocal sight scale from reading formula composite level measurement method and device, composite level observing unit is reduced to only have the horizontal sight alidade for sighting and providing horizontal line of sight function, graticule can be sighted along what the ruler body of measurement of the level scale slid vertically by being equipped on measurement of the level scale.Pass through data recorder, realize that horizontal line of sight is overlapped with graticule is sighted, to which only height differences by leveling can be obtained from reading to our scale, the remote reading of the prior art, the ingenious contradiction predicament broken away from levelling staff graduation design and sighted reading at a distance are eliminated to subversiveness.The present invention has the advantages that at low cost, precision is high, easy to operate, it can be achieved that intelligent high-precision leveling without complicated electronic code frame of reference simultaneously.

Description

Reciprocal sight scale reads formula composite level measurement method and device certainly
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of measuring technique more particularly to a kind of other side's photographs effectively improving measurement of the level accuracy of reading Fiducial mark ruler reads formula composite level measurement method and device certainly.
Background technology
Traditional leveling device is made of a spirit level and two levelling staffs.First by two levels when measurement Scale is respectively placed in A, B on ground at 2 points, then spirit level is arranged in the centre position of 2 points of A, B, utilizes level after leveling The horizontal line of sight of instrument telescope sights the absolute altitude numerical value for reading two levelling staffs respectively, and the difference of the high numerical value of institute's mark is ground A, the height differences by leveling of 2 points of B, if known elevation wherein, you can extrapolate the elevation of another point by height difference.Traditional level Main deficiency existing for measuring device is:(1)It measures working efficiency and reliability is low.Level is realized in complicated terrain environment The reasonable disposition of position between 3 points of instrument and levelling staff often expends a large amount of energy and time of survey crew, influences to measure Efficiency;(2)Measurement is limited by terrain environment.When encountering abrupt slope, hollow, pool, irrigation canals and ditches, gully, rivers, mountain area etc. intricately When shape environment, the centre position that spirit level is erected to two levelling staffs is tended not to, causes the measurement of the level that can not implement.For Above-mentioned deficiency, the Chinese patent that number of patent application is 201220611636.6 is overcome to disclose a kind of " dual formula observation ruler Instrument unifies composite level "(Hereinafter referred to as composite level), structure be fixed on the same cylinder of cylindricality ruler body with Cylindricality ruler body axis parallel levelling staff and observing unit(I.e. traditional spirit level), the observing unit collimation axis and cylindricality Ruler body axis is vertical.Its measurement method has the following steps:Placement instrument, it is synchronous flatten, mutually sight, bilateral observation and two-way inspection Core etc..Can really realize point-to-point direct levelling, without time-consuming and laborious consider spirit level and levelling staff position away from From reasonable disposition, improve the working efficiency and reliability of the measurement of the level, the reconnaissance of the measurement of the level is layouted not by terrain environment Limitation can easily implement level survey under the complicated landforms environment such as abrupt slope, hollow, pool, irrigation canals and ditches, gully, rivers, mountain area Amount.
Two kinds of the observed reading someone's part work and part study number and electronical reading of existing spirit level, artificial reading can be to common centimeter scale Graduation is read, and electronical reading then needs to configure the scale for encoding scale graduation and special CCD to complete.No matter which kind of mode, it is multiple The observed reading of instrument up to scratcs is to sight other side's scale by observing unit to read, that is, constitutes remote observation reading.It deposits In following problem:Readout resolutions and accuracy of reading are larger by Staff's carving scales influence:Staff's carving scale is overstocked meticulous, though Scale scale resolution ratio itself can be improved, but sensing tape is difficult or even None- identified is read to sighting at a distance;Staff's carving Scale was dredged slightly excessively, is required though can meet remote reading of sighting, is reduced Measurement Resolution and precision.Therefore, remote to shine Quasi- reading is existing composite level and its irreconcilable contradiction of measurement method, and restricts composite level high-precision level The principal element of measurement.
Invention content
The present invention is to solve the above-mentioned technical problem present in the prior art, and level survey can be effectively improved by providing one kind The other side of amount accuracy of reading sights scale from reading formula composite level measurement method and device.
Technical solution of the invention is:A kind of reciprocal sight scale reads the composite level measurement method of formula certainly, It is characterized in that carrying out in accordance with the following steps:
A. A points on the ground place the composite level A operated by surveyor A, and B points on the ground are placed by surveyor B The composite level B of operation;
B. surveyor A sights composite level B using the horizontal line of sight of the horizontal sight alidade A on the composite level A after leveling On measurement of the level scale B;Meanwhile surveyor B is regarded using the level of the horizontal sight alidade B on the composite level B after leveling Line sights the measurement of the level scale A on composite level A;
C. it moves and sights graticule A on measurement of the level scale A, make to sight graticule A and overlapped with the horizontal line of sight of horizontal sight alidade B, Height hs of the graticule A apart from the bottom surfaces measurement of the level scale A is sighted in surveyor's A readingsA, calculate between ground point A and ground point B Height difference, describedFor we's height of horizontal sight alidade B on composite level B;
Graticule B is sighted on mobile measurement of the level scale B, makes to sight graticule B and is overlapped with the horizontal line of sight of horizontal sight alidade A, survey Height hs of the graticule B apart from the bottom surfaces measurement of the level scale B is sighted in amount person's B readingsB, calculate between ground point B and ground point A Height difference, describedFor we's height of horizontal sight alidade A on composite level A;
D. the difference of described two height differences is calculated, describedWithSymbol is on the contrary, sentence Whether the difference for two height difference of breaking transfinites, and b, step c are repeated if transfiniting;It is no, then calculate the mean value of described two height differences, i.e. the height differences by leveling of A points and B points.
The graticule A that sights in the step c on mobile measurement of the level scale A is by surveyor's B remote-controlled movements;The c steps The graticule B that sights in rapid on mobile measurement of the level scale B is by surveyor's A remote-controlled movements.
A kind of above-mentioned reciprocal sight scale reads the composite level measurement method device of formula certainly, is equipped with measurement of the level mark Ruler is also connected to scale tripod, spirit level and data recorder with measurement of the level scale, water is fixed on the measurement of the level scale Flat sight alidade, the horizontal sight alidade by shell, object lens, focusing lens, automatic horizontal sight compensator, cross wire division plate and Electronic eyepiece is constituted;
The data recorder is equipped with the display and control terminal to connect with electronic eyepiece, and display and control terminal passes through data processor and wireless telecommunications Module connects;
The measurement of the level scale is equipped with and can sight graticule along what the ruler body of measurement of the level scale slid vertically.
The graticule of sighting is fixed on the mobile unit outer surface to connect with the sliding of the ruler body of measurement of the level scale, with movement Unit is connected to height measurement unit, and the height measurement unit connects with the display and control terminal of data recorder.
The ruler body of the measurement of the level scale is vertical cylinder, and set opposite with height measurement unit is equipped in vertical posts body The fixed cell set.
The mobile unit is equipped with the electric control driving device to connect with the display and control terminal of data recorder.
Composite level observing unit is reduced to only have the horizontal photograph for sighting and providing horizontal line of sight function by the present invention Quasi- instrument, while being equipped with and can sight graticule along what the ruler body of measurement of the level scale slid vertically.By data recorder, realization level regards Line is overlapped with graticule is sighted, and to only obtain height differences by leveling from reading to our scale, eliminates the prior art to subversiveness Remote reading, it is ingenious to have broken away from levelling staff graduation design and sighted the contradiction predicament of reading at a distance.The present invention simultaneously Without complicated electronic code frame of reference, have many advantages, such as that at low cost, precision is high, easy to operate, it can be achieved that intelligent High-precision leveling.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 are the structural schematic diagrams of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 4, Fig. 5 are the structural schematic diagrams of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Fig. 6 is the use schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1:Basic structure is identical as existing composite level, there is the measurement of the level scale 2 with graduation, is surveyed with level Amount scale 2 be also connected to scale tripod 3, spirit level 4, data recorder 5 and global positioning system 6, with the prior art except that Equipped with the horizontal sight alidade 1 being fixed on measurement of the level scale 2, horizontal sight alidade 1 is as shown in Figure 2:By shell 1-1, object lens 1- 2, focusing lens 1-3, automatic horizontal sight compensator 1-4, cross wire division plate 1-5 and electronic eyepiece 1-6 are constituted, i.e., only see Brake is without reading function;Data recorder 5 is as shown in Figure 3:Equipped with the display and control terminal 5-1 to connect with electronic eyepiece 1-6, Display and control terminal 5-1 is connected by data processor 5-2 and wireless communication module 5-3;The measurement of the level scale 2 is equipped with and can Graticule 2-1 is sighted along what the ruler body of measurement of the level scale 2 slid vertically.
Measurement method as shown in fig. 6, carry out in accordance with the following steps:
A. A points on the ground place the composite level A operated by surveyor A, and B points on the ground are placed by surveyor B The composite level B of operation;
B. surveyor A sights composite level B using the horizontal line of sight of the horizontal sight alidade A on the composite level A after leveling On measurement of the level scale B;Meanwhile surveyor B is regarded using the level of the horizontal sight alidade B on the composite level B after leveling Line sights the measurement of the level scale A on composite level A;
C. at this point, the imaging of horizontal sight alidade B electronic eyepieces is wirelessly transmitted to the display and control terminal of horizontal sight alidade A, surveyor A It is manually displaced on measurement of the level scale A and sights graticule A, make to sight graticule A and overlapped with the horizontal line of sight of horizontal sight alidade B, Height hs of the graticule A apart from the bottom surfaces measurement of the level scale A is sighted in readingA, calculate the height difference between ground point A and ground point B, describedFor we's height of horizontal sight alidade B on composite level B, the measurement side of our height Method is identical compared with technology;
The imaging of horizontal sight alidade A electronic eyepieces is wirelessly transmitted to the display and control terminal of horizontal sight alidade B, and surveyor B can be moved manually Graticule B is sighted on dynamic measurement of the level scale B, makes to sight graticule B and is overlapped with the horizontal line of sight of horizontal sight alidade A, surveyor's B readings Take the height h for sighting graticule B apart from the bottom surfaces measurement of the level scale BB, calculate the height difference between ground point B and ground point A, describedFor we's height of horizontal sight alidade A on composite level A;
D. the difference of described two height differences is calculated, describedWithSymbol is on the contrary, sentence Whether the difference for two height difference of breaking transfinites, and b, step c are repeated if transfiniting;It is no, then calculate the mean value of described two height differences, i.e. the height differences by leveling of A points and B points.
Embodiment 2:
Embodiment 2 is as shown in Figures 4 and 5:Basic structure is same as Example 1, with embodiment 1 except that measurement of the level mark Ruler 2 is vertical cylinder 2-1, sights graticule 2-2 and is fixed on the mobile unit 2-3- to connect with the sliding of the ruler body of measurement of the level scale 2 1 outer surface, mobile unit 2-3-1 are equipped with the electric control driving device to connect with the display and control terminal 5-1 of data recorder 5, such as motor Transmission device etc..It is connected to height measurement unit 2-3-3, height measurement unit 2-3-3 and data recorder with mobile unit 2-3-1 5 display and control terminal 5-1 connects, and the fixed cell 2- being oppositely arranged with height measurement unit 2-3-3 is equipped in vertical cylinder 2-1 3-2.Electronic line of sight displacement measurement apparatus, such as electronic ruler can be used in height measurement unit 2-3-3(Linear displacement transducer system)、 Magnetic railings ruler(Magnetic grid rule displacement sensor), grating scale(Grating rule displacement sensor), capacitive grating scale(Capacitor grid transducer), ball bar ruler or Laser ranging system etc..The present embodiment height measurement unit 2-3-3 uses magnetic grid reading head, fixed cell 2-3-2 to use magnetic grid Item.
Measurement method as also shown in Figure 6, carries out in accordance with the following steps:
A. A points on the ground place the composite level A operated by surveyor A, and B points on the ground are placed by surveyor B The composite level B of operation;
B. surveyor A sights composite level B using the horizontal line of sight of the horizontal sight alidade A on the composite level A after leveling On measurement of the level scale B;Meanwhile surveyor B is regarded using the level of the horizontal sight alidade B on the composite level B after leveling Line sights the measurement of the level scale A on composite level A;
C. at this point, surveyor B passes through the data recorder B on composite level B, the measurement of the level scale of remote control composite level A The electric control driving device on mobile unit 2-3-1 on A drives and sights graticule A on measurement of the level scale A, makes to sight graticule A It is overlapped with the horizontal line of sight of horizontal sight alidade B, height of the graticule A apart from the bottom surfaces measurement of the level scale A is sighted in surveyor A readings later Spend hA, calculate the height difference between ground point A and ground point B, describedFor water on composite level B We's height of flat sight alidade B, the assay method of our height are identical compared with technology;
Surveyor A is by the data recorder A on composite level A, the shifting being remotely controlled on the measurement of the level scale B of composite level B Electric control driving device on moving cell 2-3-1 drives and sights graticule B on measurement of the level scale B, makes to sight graticule B and level The horizontal line of sight of sight alidade A overlaps;Height hs of the graticule B apart from the bottom surfaces measurement of the level scale B is sighted in surveyor's B readingsB, calculate Go out the height difference between ground point B and ground point A, describedFor horizontal sight alidade on composite level A We's height of A;
D. the difference of described two height differences is calculated, describedWithSymbol is on the contrary, sentence Whether the difference for two height difference of breaking transfinites, and b, step c are repeated if transfiniting;It is no, then calculate the mean value of described two height differences, i.e. the height differences by leveling of A points and B points.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of reciprocal sight scale reads the composite level measurement method of formula certainly, it is characterised in that carry out in accordance with the following steps:
A. A points on the ground place the composite level A operated by surveyor A, and B points on the ground are placed by surveyor B The composite level B of operation;
B. surveyor A sights composite level B using the horizontal line of sight of the horizontal sight alidade A on the composite level A after leveling On measurement of the level scale B;Meanwhile surveyor B is regarded using the level of the horizontal sight alidade B on the composite level B after leveling Line sights the measurement of the level scale A on composite level A;
C. it moves and sights graticule A on measurement of the level scale A, make to sight graticule A and overlapped with the horizontal line of sight of horizontal sight alidade B, Height hs of the graticule A apart from the bottom surfaces measurement of the level scale A is sighted in surveyor's A readingsA, calculate between ground point A and ground point B Height difference, describedFor we's height of horizontal sight alidade B on composite level B;
Graticule B is sighted on mobile measurement of the level scale B, makes to sight graticule B and is overlapped with the horizontal line of sight of horizontal sight alidade A, survey Height hs of the graticule B apart from the bottom surfaces measurement of the level scale B is sighted in amount person's B readingsB, calculate between ground point B and ground point A Height difference, describedFor we's height of horizontal sight alidade A on composite level A;
D. the difference of described two height differences is calculated, describedWithSymbol on the contrary, Judge whether the difference of two height difference transfinites, b, step c are repeated if transfiniting;It is no, then calculate the mean value of described two height differences, i.e. the height differences by leveling of A points and B points.
2. reciprocal sight scale according to claim 1 reads the composite level measurement method of formula certainly, it is characterised in that:Institute The graticule A that sights stated in step c on mobile measurement of the level scale A is by surveyor's B remote-controlled movements;Mobile water in the step c The graticule B that sights on locating tab assembly scale B is by surveyor's A remote-controlled movements.
3. a kind of reciprocal sight scale as described in claim 1 is equipped with water from the composite level measurement method device of the formula of reading Locating tab assembly scale(2), with measurement of the level scale(2)Also it is connected to scale tripod(3), spirit level(4)And data recorder(5), It is characterized in that:The measurement of the level scale(2)On be fixed with horizontal sight alidade(1), the horizontal sight alidade(1)By shell(1- 1), object lens(1-2), focusing lens(1-3), automatic horizontal sight compensator(1-4), cross wire division plate(1-5)And electronics mesh Mirror(1-6)It constitutes;
The data recorder(5)It is equipped with and electronic eyepiece(1-6)The display and control terminal to connect(5-1), display and control terminal(5-1)Pass through number According to processor(5-2)And wireless communication module(5-3)Connect;
The measurement of the level scale(2)It is equipped with and can be along measurement of the level scale(2)Ruler body slide vertically sight graticule(2- 2).
4. reciprocal sight scale reads the composite level measurement method device of formula certainly according to claim 3, feature exists In:It is described to sight graticule(2-2)It is fixed on and measurement of the level scale(2)Ruler body slide the mobile unit that connects(2-3-1)Outside Surface, with mobile unit(2-3-1)It is connected to height measurement unit(2-3-3), the height measurement unit(2-3-3)With electronics Handbook(5)Display and control terminal(5-1)Connect.
5. reciprocal sight scale reads the composite level measurement method device of formula certainly according to claim 4, feature exists In:The measurement of the level scale(2)Ruler body be vertical cylinder(2-1), in vertical cylinder(2-1)It is interior to be equipped with and elevation carrection list Member(2-3-3)The fixed cell being oppositely arranged(2-3-2).
6. reciprocal sight scale reads the composite level measurement method device of formula certainly according to claim 4, feature exists In:The mobile unit(2-3-1)It is equipped with and data recorder(5)Display and control terminal(5-1)The electric control driving device to connect.
CN201810633099.7A 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 Reciprocal sight scale reads formula composite level measurement method and device certainly Pending CN108469250A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109297463A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-02-01 中铁大桥勘测设计院集团有限公司 A kind of river-crossing leveling method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109297463A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-02-01 中铁大桥勘测设计院集团有限公司 A kind of river-crossing leveling method
CN109297463B (en) * 2018-11-20 2021-05-04 中铁大桥勘测设计院集团有限公司 River-crossing leveling method

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