CN108467181A - A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit - Google Patents

A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108467181A
CN108467181A CN201810583639.5A CN201810583639A CN108467181A CN 108467181 A CN108467181 A CN 108467181A CN 201810583639 A CN201810583639 A CN 201810583639A CN 108467181 A CN108467181 A CN 108467181A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
filter
squeezed
squeeze
filter element
pressure
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Pending
Application number
CN201810583639.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田涛
Original Assignee
田涛
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Application filed by 田涛 filed Critical 田涛
Priority to CN201810583639.5A priority Critical patent/CN108467181A/en
Publication of CN108467181A publication Critical patent/CN108467181A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/121Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B1/00Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials
    • C11B1/06Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials by pressing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C13SUGAR INDUSTRY
    • C13BPRODUCTION OF SUCROSE; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED THEREFOR
    • C13B10/00Production of sugar juices
    • C13B10/02Expressing juice from sugar cane or similar material, e.g. sorghum saccharatum
    • C13B10/06Sugar-cane crushers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of squeezing filter devices of built-in Kernel Filtering unit, including include the squeeze and filter component and press member of filter element;The filter element, which is placed in, to be squeezed inside material, and the kernel for being squeezed material is become.The present invention is placed in material is squeezed in the cavity of opposing seal, improve squeeze pressure (reaching as high as 10MPa), and the press operation system of sealing, it avoids and is squeezed material scattering and disappearing in expressing process, improve Milling Efficiencty, press operation environment is improved, space is taken full advantage of, floor space reduces 50%.For the municipal sludge of hardly possible dehydration, dehydration rate is up to 50% or so;For the production extracted oil and refined sugar, obtains liquid rate and can be improved 0.5%.

Description

A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit
Technical field
The invention belongs to squeeze and filter technical fields.More particularly to a kind of squeeze and filter dress of built-in Kernel Filtering unit It sets.
Background technology
Traditional squeeze and filter is to be squeezed the liquid inside material under squeezing action, to being squeezed material outer surface Mobile outflow, realizes the process of squeeze and filter.There are belt press filtration, plate compression, spiral pressure in sludge drying field at present Filter.The dewatering rate of these equipment is generally below 20%.Outside being added to press filtration system plus after solid adjuvant material, sheet frame pressure The apparent dehydration rate of filter equipment can reach 50% or so.But this only because apparent sludge mass dryness fraction after additional solid improve and The dehydration rate showed, in fact, dehydration rate does not improve substantially.Moreover, additional solid adjuvant material be mostly quick lime and Ferric trichloride or ferric sulfate, it is cement kiln that the sludge after desiccation, which uniquely dissolves mode,.But cement kiln forbids chloride, magnesium salts etc. broken Bad property substance is mixed into, and also has stringent limitation to the reception of sulfate.The production energy consumption of quick lime is high, seriously polluted to ecological ring Border is destroyed big.In addition, plate compression equipment press filtration space opposing open, surrounding operating environment are poor.It is identical in processing inventory Under conditions of, floor space is larger.The filtration system opposing open of existing equipment, filtering material package are squeezed material, squeeze Liquid is flowed out by the inside exterior surface for being squeezed material.Currently, in the pressing filtrate equipment that oil expression and sugar manufacturing industry are applied, it is more For screw press apparatus, it is low that there are squeeze pressures, the relatively low phenomenon of tapping rate.
Invention content
The specific technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit, including include the squeeze and filter component of filter element and apply Splenium part.The filter element, which is placed in, to be squeezed inside material, with material package is squeezed, becomes the kernel for being squeezed material. The liquid in material is squeezed under squeezing action, is moved to material kernel direction is squeezed, passes through the work of Kernel Filtering unit With and being squeezed feed separation, outflow is squeezed outside system.This form can utmostly reduce the thickness for being squeezed material Degree shortens the flow that press juice is flowed out to outside system, and pressure can effectively be transmitted by thin layer material, reduce squeeze and filter energy Consumption, improves Milling Efficiencty;Spacing between filter element can be required according to squeezing water content requirement according to squeezing process, It is adjustable in a certain range.Meanwhile to the connecting tube resistance to compression of exterior liquid, compressible between each filter element.Press member includes piston Column, two pressurizing pistons being connect with the piston boit, hydraulic cavities and pressure cylinder, the press member and outside power equipment Connection.Press member provides squeezing power, and squeeze and filter component is for filtering out the liquid for being squeezed and being squeezed out in material;It is described to apply Liquid in splenium part by cavity outside outside power equipment pressure is provided, push the piston motion in press member, pressure logical Piston is crossed to conduct to being squeezed material.It is squeezed material compression to be squeezed out wherein liquid, passes through the filtering in squeeze and filter component Assembly of elements collects and flows out outside the cavity of squeeze and filter component.
Further, material is squeezed to be placed in the hermetically sealed cavity of some strength (cavity geometry includes but not limited to cylinder It is shape, spherical, box-like) it is internal.Material is squeezed completely or partially to wrap up the filter element for filtering out liquid of squeezing out.
Further, one or more filter element components, which are placed in equipment cavity, constitutes squeeze and filter component.Filtering It is connected with compressible, compression tube between assembly of elements, the pipe will be outside the liquid discharge apparatus that squeezed out.
Further, the filter element be combination or it is single have filter, filter out, liquid collects the component of function (material of filter element component includes but not limited to metal, nonmetallic materials;The shape of filter element component includes but not limited to Spring-like, tubulose, plate-like, box-like etc.);Realize liquid collect function form include but not limited to it is interlaced have communicate friendship The groove of point, extraneous offer vacuum drawing liquid, each pressing filtrate point pass through pipeline or groove, hole and filter element component hollow tube Be interconnected etc..The structure of filter element includes but not limited to multiple micropore filter materials and collects the group of liquid excipient material Conjunction, single micropore filter material, micropore filter material and excipient material it is compound.Liquid of squeezing out collects simultaneously through filtering assembly of elements Flow out cavity residing for squeeze and filter component.
Further, the press member is in two cavity (groups of two cavitys of Split assembled with squeeze and filter component Conjunction form includes but not limited to Straight Combination, completely separable distributed combination, the curve connected at a certain angle that axis overlaps Formula combination etc.) or the cavity of an entirety in.
Further, the form of press member includes but not limited to liquid pressure supply form, directly mechanical pressure supply form, gas confession Swaging formula;Press member is combined with the form of straight lines that axis overlaps with the cavity of squeeze and filter component or press member and was squeezed When filtering component in a cavity, press member cavity corresponding position setting aperture is communicated with device external.
Apparatus of the present invention and the effect of difference and the generation of other close equipment are:
Material will be squeezed to be placed in the cavity of opposing seal, improve squeeze pressure (reaching as high as 10MPa), Er Qiemi The press operation system of envelope avoids and is squeezed material scattering and disappearing in expressing process, improves Milling Efficiencty, improve squeezing Operating environment.The material being placed in opposing seal cavity will filter out unit package for the squeezing of squeezing, filter out unit and pressed It is lower as kernel to squeeze material package.Reduce the walking path length that filter liquor is squeezed in expressing process so that impressed pressure can Effectively to be transmitted by thin layer material, squeeze and filter speed and efficiency are improved;Material is squeezed to be exerted pressure in squeezing system Under the action of, the liquid in material accumulates to the squeeze and filter list wrapped up by material from gathering everywhere to the kernel direction of material First surface, the filtrate channel through pressing filtrate unit flow out squeezing system;Equipment is in vertical, saves accounting for for whole device Ground area takes full advantage of space.Compared with the plate and frame filter press of identical squeezing treating capacity, floor space reduces 50%;Profit The difficult dewatered sludge that municipal moisture content 80% is handled with present device is being not added with outer plus auxiliary solid material, not heat drying Under conditions of, through apparatus of the present invention under 5MPa pressure, press dewatering 1.5 hours, the aqueous reachable 44%-55% of sludge.Pressure The form that component is integrated with the direct seal combination of squeeze and filter component, makes press member and the cooperation of squeeze and filter component be more easy to It realizes, drastically reduces the scattering and disappearing in expressing process by pressure material, improve squeeze and filter efficiency, reduce press operation Energy loss.Filter element is placed in and is squeezed inside material by the present invention, with material package is squeezed, becomes and is squeezed material Kernel.The liquid being squeezed in material moves to material kernel direction is squeezed under squeezing action, passes through Kernel Filtering The effect of unit, and is squeezed feed separation, and outflow is squeezed outside system.This form can be reduced and be pressed to the full extent The thickness of material is squeezed, shortens the flow that press juice is flowed out to outside system, improves Milling Efficiencty.It is squeezed material and is placed in one entirely In seal cavity, avoid the wandering of material and press juice, accomplished the hermetically sealed of expressing process, save squeezing can while make Press operation environment more cleans;Hermetically sealed, rigidity that can be according to the material of selection equipment and the intensity decision of press apparatus The size of squeezing pressure used, and then the liquid holdup for being squeezed material can be made to accomplish to control in a certain range.Work as pressure When squeezing power and reaching higher value, the liquid holdup for being squeezed material can be made to be down to reduced levels.Cavity is sealed using piston type, can To ensure higher squeeze pressure, and combining form is flexible, can be squeezed material easily from squeeze and filter by what is drained It is taken out in component so that press operation is more easy.When press member overlaps linear arrangement with squeeze and filter component at axis When, floor space is small.The aperture that is communicated with device external is arranged in press member cavity, it is possible to prevente effectively from press liquid be squeezed Material is ganged up;When equipment is run after a certain period of time, the liquid appearance that can be flowed out by aperture judge corresponding piston adapted sealing The abrasion condition of material, to solve squeezing cavity closing, sealing material damages problem hard to find.Squeeze pressure can be controlled System is 5MPa or so (according to selected material, can also improve squeeze pressure to 10MPa) so that press operation liquid-removal rate higher. For the municipal sludge of hardly possible dehydration, dehydration rate is up to 50% or so;For the production extracted oil and refined sugar, obtains liquid rate and can be improved 0.5%.Sludge drying (dehydration) operates, and does not add aforementioned additional auxiliary solid material, realizes sludge dewatering truly Desiccation.For obtained dewatered sludge there is no the defect of damage subsequent processing device, subsequent processing is relatively easy.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the squeezing filter device of Kernel Filtering unit built in the present invention.
In figure:I- press members, II- squeeze and filter components, 1- hydraulic lifting devices, pressure cap under 2-, 3- flexible drawings, 4- Filter liquor outlet tube, 5- pressure liquid imports, 6- drain taps, 7- pressurizing pistons, 8- pressure pressure cylinders, the bottoms 9- filter disc, 10- pressures Squeeze filtering pressure cylinder, 11- pressure-bearing fastening frames, the centres 12- filter disc, 13- material inlet valves, 14- feeding chambers, the upper filter discs of 15-, 16- Upper pressure cap, 17- revolve apical organ, 18- pressure gauges.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is described in more detail.
Detailed technology scheme of the present invention:
Apparatus of the present invention include squeeze and filter component II and press member I.
1. squeeze and filter component includes that (diagram filter element is to have pressure with filtering drill way layout to built-in filter element Squeeze the filter press plate 9,12,15 of filtering function) and pressure cylinder 10.Filter element is collectively formed with pressure cylinder is squeezed material Sheng Expect chamber 14.
2. press member is made of built-in press member (diagram press member is pressurizing piston 7) and pressure cylinder 8.Pressure Component is combined with pressure cylinder, constitutes pressure liquid storage chamber.
3. opening diagram material inlet valve 13, being squeezed material can be by illustrating material inlet valve, will by corresponding peripheral hardware feeder It is squeezed material and is conveyed into squeeze and filter component feeding chamber;Open the valve and press member drain tap on pressure liquid inlet tube 6, pressure liquid can be delivered to pressure liquid liquid storage chamber by illustrating corresponding pipeline by peripheral hardware conveying pressure liquid equipment.
4. it is the filter press plate with pressing filtrate function with filtering drill way layout to illustrate filter element.Between filter press plate It is mutually joined end to end with Compressible compression tube.The material that is squeezed that filter press plate is admitted to feeding chamber is wrapped in and is squeezed material It is interior.
5. squeeze and filter component pressure cylinder 10 is combined with press member pressure cylinder 8 in the form of rim of the mouth, it is combined into one structure At pressure cylinder.Rim of the mouth junction is in the connection guide region of two pistons.Therefore, this connecting portion does not require stringent close Envelope, and not pressure-bearing.
6. when whole device is combined into place, it is illustrated that pressure-bearing fastening frame 11 locks jail in place, is squeezed material and is sent into squeeze and filter Component, pressure liquid close press member air bleeding valve full of pressure liquid storage chamber.Start squeeze and filter operation.7. graphic display unit pressure The filter press plate in filter element is squeezed to be cascaded with the screwed pipe for being constituted rotation apical organ 17 on device top.When squeeze and filter operates It when beginning, is carried on screwed pipe, each filter press plate is constituted the outer of squeezing filter liquor so that compressible, crushing resistance connecting tube are joined end-to-end Arrange channel.
8. pressure liquid is continuously admitted in press member by peripheral hardware hydraulic fluid equipment, pressure liquid passes through hydraulic lifting device 1 promotion pressurizing piston is moved along device axis to the direction of squeeze and filter component, and piston is fitted closely with bottom filter disc 9, by pressure It is conducted to press member.The material compression that is squeezed in squeeze and filter component is compressed, and the filter press plate of material package has been squeezed With material compression is squeezed and shift position, spacing is gradually reduced between filter press plate.During this, contained in being squeezed in material Liquid is squeezed out, to be squeezed material kernel direction exudation, accumulate to press filtration panel surface, via filter press plate filtering duct to The filter liquor outlet tube 4 is converged and is discharged outside squeeze and filter component, is collected by relevant device or is drained through corresponding pipeline.
When press member pressure reaches authorized pressure (display of pressure gauge 18), after being kept for the process stipulation time, squeezed Component pressure release is filtered, upper pressure cap 16 moves upwards under the action of hydraulic lifting device, and 11 bottom girder of pressure-bearing fastening frame goes out slot, by flexibility Traction 3 is drawn to design height.The squeeze and filter component pressure-bearing cylinder of rim of the mouth connection is with press member pressure-bearing cylinder along assembly axis Line detaches, and press member pressure-bearing cylinder leads to design position by peripheral apparatus.Filter press plate revolves apical organ at top in squeeze and filter component It is moved under the action of 17 outside pressure-bearing cylinder, lays down the desiccation material for meeting squeezing process requirement for liquid of squeezing out.Filter press plate is pushed up by rotation Device withdraws squeeze and filter component pressure-bearing cylinder.Press member pressure-bearing cylinder is moved back to design position and squeezing under the action of peripheral apparatus Filter element pressure-bearing cylinder combines, and loosens flexible drawing, and pressure-bearing fastening frame bottom girder is made to enter pressure cap card slot, locks firm fastening frame, Start next round press operation.
Technical scheme of the present invention is described in detail above.It is apparent that the present invention is not limited in described Hold.Those skilled in the art can also make a variety of variations accordingly, but any be equal or similar variation with of the invention It shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit, which is characterized in that the squeezing including including filter element Filter component and press member;The filter element, which is placed in, to be squeezed inside material, and the kernel for being squeezed material is become.
2. the apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the squeeze and filter component includes built-in filter element and holds Pressure cylinder body, the filter element collectively form with pressure cylinder and are squeezed material feeding chamber;The filter element is with squeezing One or more filter press plates of filtering function, the filter press plate is with filtering duct.
3. the apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the press member includes piston boit, with the piston boit Two pressurizing pistons of connection, hydraulic cavities and pressure cylinder, the press member are connect with outside power equipment.
4. the apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pressure cylinder and press member of the squeeze and filter component Pressure cylinder combined in the form of rim of the mouth, be combined into one composition pressure cylinder.
5. the apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the form of the press member include liquid pressure supply form, Directly machinery pressure supply form or gas pressure supply form.
6. the apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the press member is in seperated group with squeeze and filter component Two cavitys closed, combining form include the Straight Combination of axis coincidence, completely separable distributed combination, are connected at a certain angle Curvilinear style combination or an entirety cavity in combination.
7. the apparatus of claim 2, which is characterized in that the cavity geometry of the feeding chamber includes tubular, spherical, box Shape.
8. the apparatus of claim 2, which is characterized in that mutually first with Compressible compression tube between the filter press plate Tail is connected.
9. the apparatus of claim 2, which is characterized in that the material of the filter element includes metal material or non-gold Belong to material;The shape of the filter element includes spring-like, tubulose, plate-like or box-like.
10. the apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the structure of filter element includes multiple micropore filter materials With collect the compound of the combining of liquid excipient material, single micropore filter material, micropore filter material and excipient material.
CN201810583639.5A 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit Pending CN108467181A (en)

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CN201810583639.5A CN108467181A (en) 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910205893.6A CN109775956A (en) 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit
CN201810583639.5A CN108467181A (en) 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit
CN201920492826.2U CN209872734U (en) 2018-06-08 2019-04-12 Squeezing and filtering device with built-in kernel filtering unit

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CN201810583639.5A Pending CN108467181A (en) 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit
CN201910205893.6A Pending CN109775956A (en) 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit
CN201920492826.2U Active CN209872734U (en) 2018-06-08 2019-04-12 Squeezing and filtering device with built-in kernel filtering unit

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CN201920492826.2U Active CN209872734U (en) 2018-06-08 2019-04-12 Squeezing and filtering device with built-in kernel filtering unit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108467181A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-08-31 田涛 A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101091846B (en) * 2007-05-22 2010-05-19 西安航天华威化工生物工程有限公司 Vertical type full automatic plate-and-frame filter press, and filter technique
CN102872620A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-01-16 山东铝业公司设备研究检测中心 Vertical plate-and-frame filter press
CN104492134B (en) * 2014-12-04 2019-07-16 江苏中宜生态土研究院有限公司 Sludge suppresses deep dehydration system
CN204563719U (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-08-19 北京中天京谷机电设备制造有限公司 Novel compressing edible oil special vertical disk filter
CN207237401U (en) * 2017-03-22 2018-04-17 丁志江 There is the filter-pressing device of mobile filter plate
CN108467181A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-08-31 田涛 A kind of squeezing filter device of built-in Kernel Filtering unit

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CN209872734U (en) 2019-12-31

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Application publication date: 20180831