CN108466851A - A kind of upper vehicle device - Google Patents

A kind of upper vehicle device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108466851A
CN108466851A CN201810217750.2A CN201810217750A CN108466851A CN 108466851 A CN108466851 A CN 108466851A CN 201810217750 A CN201810217750 A CN 201810217750A CN 108466851 A CN108466851 A CN 108466851A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
pedestal
connecting rod
frame body
driving
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Granted
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CN201810217750.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108466851B (en
Inventor
刘代勇
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201810217750.2A priority Critical patent/CN108466851B/en
Publication of CN108466851A publication Critical patent/CN108466851A/en
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Publication of CN108466851B publication Critical patent/CN108466851B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/02Loading or unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/04Loading land vehicles
    • B65G67/14Loading hardened bricks, briquettes, or the like

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Aviation & Aerospace Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Conveying And Assembling Of Building Elements In Situ (AREA)
  • Carriers, Traveling Bodies, And Overhead Traveling Cranes (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of upper vehicle devices, belong to space haulage equipment field.Upper vehicle device includes supporting beam, restocking, the first power plant, device of boarding and the second power plant.Restocking is movably set to supporting beam.First power plant is for driving restocking with respect to supporting beam transverse shifting.Device of boarding includes pedestal, roller frame, pushes away brick frame and first driving means, pedestal is movably set to restocking, roller is set up in pedestal, roller frame includes the supporter for placing brick, it pushes away brick frame and is movably arranged in pedestal, first driving means push away brick frame relative to pedestal movement, so as to push away brick frame transverse shifting on supporter for driving.Second power plant is for driving pedestal vertically movable with respect to restocking.Work efficiency is high for this upper vehicle device, is participated in without artificial, time saving and energy saving, has good economy.

Description

A kind of upper vehicle device
Technical field
The present invention relates to space haulage equipment fields, in particular to a kind of upper vehicle device.
Background technology
De-hackers is placed on after unloading the piled bricks layering on kiln car on the cloth embryo platform with conveying function, and brick is weaved into institute The horizontal number and vertical number needed, is finally getting on the bus, i.e., the brick produced is being transported in compartment, brick is transported to destination. Existing mode of getting on the bus is artificial carrying, and working efficiency is low.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of upper vehicle devices, to improve the low problem of artificial mode of transport efficiency.
The invention is realized in this way:
Based on above-mentioned purpose, the present invention provides a kind of upper vehicle device, including:
Supporting beam;
Restocking, the restocking are movably set to the supporting beam;
First power plant, first power plant is for driving the relatively described supporting beam transverse shifting of the restocking;
Device of boarding, the device of boarding include pedestal, roller frame, push away brick frame and first driving means, and the pedestal can Mobile is set to the restocking, and the roller is set up in the pedestal, and the roller frame includes the support for placing brick Body, the brick frame that pushes away are movably arranged in the pedestal, and described to push away brick frame relatively described for driving for the first driving means Pedestal moves, so that described push away brick frame transverse shifting on the supporter;
Second power plant, second power plant is for driving the relatively described restocking of the pedestal vertically movable.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the roller frame further includes link, and the link is connect with the pedestal;
The supporter includes multiple roller bearings, and the roller bearing is rotatably set to the link, and the roller bearing is longitudinal It is arranged in the link.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the link includes opposite the first frame body and the second frame body, the roller bearing It is rotatably set between first frame body and second frame body;
The upper vehicle device further includes pushing meanss, and the pushing meanss are for driving first frame body and second frame Body is close to each other or separate.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the roller bearing is stretching structure, one end of the roller bearing and first frame body Connection, the other end of the roller bearing are connect with second frame body.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, first frame body is fixed on the pedestal, second frame body and the base Frame is connected by the pushing meanss, and the pushing meanss can push second frame body to move, so that second frame body It is close to each other or separate with first frame body.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the pushing meanss include the first connection component, the second connection component and second Driving device;
First connection component includes first connecting rod and second connecting rod, and the first connecting rod is cut with scissors with the second connecting rod It connects;
Second connection component includes third connecting rod and fourth link, and the third connecting rod is cut with scissors with the fourth link It connects, the third connecting rod is hinged with the first connecting rod, and the fourth link is hinged with the second connecting rod, the first connecting rod Third connection component is constituted with the third connecting rod, the second connecting rod constitutes the 4th connection component with the fourth link;
The third connection component is connect with the pedestal, and the 4th connection component is connect with second frame body, institute It states the first connection component to connect by second driving device with second connection component, second driving device is used for Drive hinge of the hinged place of the second connecting rod and the first connecting rod far from or close to the fourth link and third connecting rod Meet place.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the brick frame that pushes away includes movable stand, rotating turret and actuator;
The movable stand is movably set to the pedestal, and the rotating turret is rotatablely connected with the movable stand, described Rotating turret is connect with the movable stand by the actuator, and the actuator is for driving the rotating turret relative to the movement Frame rotates, so that the rotating turret is lifted or put down.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the rotating turret includes the push plate for pushing brick, and the push plate is that length can Adjust structure;
The push plate includes the first plate body, the second plate body and locking member, first plate body close to first frame body, Second plate body is connect with second plate body by the locking member close to second frame body, first plate body;
The locking member has locking state and relaxation state, when the locking member is in locking state, the locking Part locks first plate body and the second plate body, and when the locking member is in relaxation state, second plate body being capable of phase First plate body is moved, so that the push plate elongates or shortens.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the first plate body includes first horizontal portion, the first vertical portion and the second horizontal part, institute The one end for stating first horizontal portion is connect with one end of first vertical portion, the other end of first vertical portion and described second One end of horizontal part connects, and second horizontal position is in the lower section of the first horizontal portion;
Second plate body includes third horizontal part and the second vertical portion, and the third horizontal position is in the first level The outside in portion, the second vertical portion are located at the outside of first vertical portion, and the third horizontal part is logical with the first horizontal portion Cross the locking member connection.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the first driving means include force piece and transmission mechanism;
The transmission mechanism includes open chain, the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel, and one end of the open chain pushes away brick with described Frame connects, and the other end of the open chain is connect with the brick frame that pushes away, and the open chain constitutes sealed joint, institute with the brick frame that pushes away It states the first sprocket wheel and second sprocket wheel is rotatably set to the pedestal, first sprocket wheel is logical with second sprocket wheel Cross the closing chain link;
The force piece is for driving first sprocket wheel to rotate.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The present invention provides a kind of upper vehicle device, including supporting beam, restocking, the first power plant, the second power plant and gets on the bus Device.The transverse shifting that device of boarding can be achieved under the action of the first power plant, can under the action of the second power plant Realize the vertically movable of device of boarding.When work, after the brick on cloth embryo platform is pushed to the supporter of roller frame, Device of boarding can be moved in compartment under the action of one power plant, subsequent first power plant and first driving means are simultaneously Work, while so that device of boarding is drawn back, pushes away brick frame transverse shifting on supporter, to push brick to move forward, into And by one layer of disposable code of brick on the bottom plate in compartment, device of boarding can then be promoted under the action of the second power plant The height of one layer of brick, repetition is above-mentioned, and action can code enters layer brick from bottom to up into compartment.Work efficiency is high for this upper vehicle device, It is time saving and energy saving without manually participating in, there is good economy.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, below will be to needed in the embodiment attached Figure is briefly described, it should be understood that the following drawings illustrates only certain embodiments of the present invention, therefore is not construed as pair The restriction of range for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be according to this A little attached drawings obtain other relevant attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram for the upper vehicle device that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of restocking shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram at the first visual angle of device of boarding shown in FIG. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram at the second visual angle of device of boarding shown in FIG. 1;
Fig. 5 is the connection diagram of guide rod shown in Fig. 3 and connecting plate
Fig. 6 is the connection diagram of pedestal shown in Fig. 4, the second frame body and pushing meanss;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram shown in Fig. 3 for pushing away brick frame;
Fig. 8 is enlarged drawing at VIII shown in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is IX direction views shown in Fig. 7;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram that Fig. 1 is the upper vehicle device that the embodiment of the present invention 2 provides;
Figure 11 is the connection diagram of reversing bar and connecting rod shown in Fig. 10.
Icon:The upper vehicle devices of 100-;10- supporting beams;11- guide rails;12- connecting rods;13- reversing bars;20- restockings;21- reinforces Plate;22- idler wheels;23- first rotating shafts;The second shafts of 24-;25- guide sleeves;The first channel steels of 26-;The second channel steels of 27-;30- gets on the bus Device;31- pedestals;311- guide rails;312- connecting plates;313- guide rods;314- nuts;32- roller framves;321- firsts Body;The second frame bodies of 322-;323- roller bearings;3231- outer shafts;3232- inner shafts;324- bearings;325- guide rods;33- pushes away brick frame; 331- movable stands;3311- crossbearers;3312- vertical frames;332- rotating turrets;3321- executes frame;3322- push plates;The first plates of 3323- Body;33231- first horizontal portions;The first vertical portions 33232-;The second horizontal parts of 33233-;The second plate bodys of 3324-;33241- Three horizontal parts;The second vertical portions 33242-;33243- strip through-holes;3325- locking members;333- actuators;334- support shafts; 335- runners;34- first driving means;341- force pieces;342- opens chain;The first sprocket wheels of 343-;The second sprocket wheels of 344-;35- Pushing meanss;The first connection components of 351-;3511- first connecting rods;3512- second connecting rods;The second connection components of 352-;3521- Third connecting rod;3522- fourth links;353- third connection components;The 4th connection components of 354-;The second driving devices of 355-; 3551- motors;3552- lead screws;The first power plants of 40-;The first driving motors of 41-;The first chains of 42-;The second chains of 43-; 44- third sprocket wheels;The 4th sprocket wheels of 45-;The 5th sprocket wheels of 46-;The 6th sprocket wheels of 47-;The second power plants of 50-;51- second drives electricity Machine;The 7th sprocket wheels of 52-;The 8th sprocket wheels of 53-;The 9th sprocket wheels of 54-;The tenth sprocket wheels of 55-;56- first gears;57- second gears; 58- the first deflecting sprocket wheels;59- the second deflecting sprocket wheels;60- third deflecting sprocket wheels;The 4th deflecting sprocket wheels of 61-;62- third chains; The 4th chains of 63-;The connection chains of 64- first;The connection chains of 65- second;The first counterweights of 66-;The second counterweights of 67-;In 68- first Mandrel;The second central shafts of 69-;70- third central shafts;The 4th central shafts of 71-;The 5th central shafts of 72-.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.The present invention being usually described and illustrated herein in the accompanying drawings is implemented The component of example can be arranged and be designed with a variety of different configurations.
Therefore, below the detailed description of the embodiment of the present invention to providing in the accompanying drawings be not intended to limit it is claimed The scope of the present invention, but be merely representative of the present invention selected embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, this field is common The every other embodiment that technical staff is obtained without creative efforts belongs to the model that the present invention protects It encloses.
It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the present invention can phase Mutually combination.
It should be noted that:Similar label and letter indicate similar terms in following attached drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined, then it further need not be defined and explained in subsequent attached drawing in a attached drawing.
In the description of the embodiment of the present invention, it should be noted that indicating position or position relationship is based on shown in attached drawings The orientation or positional relationship invention product using when the orientation or positional relationship usually put or this field Orientation or positional relationship that technical staff usually understands or the invention product using when the orientation usually put or position close System, is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, not indicating or implying the indicated device or element must have Specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, term " the One ", " second ", " third " etc. are only used for distinguishing description, are not understood to indicate or imply relative importance.
In the description of the embodiment of the present invention, it is also necessary to which explanation is unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " setting ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or integrally connect It connects;Can be directly connected to, can also be indirectly connected with by intermediary.For the ordinary skill in the art, may be used Understand the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention with concrete condition.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment provides a kind of upper vehicle device 100, including supporting beam 10, restocking 20, device of boarding 30, One power plant 40 and the second power plant 50.Movably in supporting beam 10, the first power plant 40 is used for setting for restocking 20 In driving restocking 20 with respect to 10 transverse shifting of supporting beam.Device of boarding 30 is movably set to the restocking 20, the second power Device 50 is for driving the relatively described restocking 20 of device of boarding 30 vertically movable.
In the present embodiment, supporting beam 10 is two, and two supporting beams 10 are parallel and lateral arrangement.Supporting beam 10 plays support The effect of other each components has good bearing capacity.The top of supporting beam 10 is equipped with guide rail 11.
As shown in Fig. 2, in the present embodiment, restocking 20 is frame structure, and the both sides of the bottom of restocking 20 are equipped with reinforcing plate 21, the bottom of reinforcing plate 21 sets that there are four rotatable idler wheels 22.Two idler wheels of the side on 20 length direction of restocking 22 are connected by first rotating shaft 23, and two idler wheels 22 for being located at the other side on 20 length direction of restocking are connected by the second shaft 24 It connects.Two idler wheels 22 on the side in 20 width direction of restocking can be caught on a guide rail 11, be located at 20 width of restocking Two idler wheels 22 on the other side on direction can be caught on another guide rail 11.In addition, being set in restocking 20, there are four guide sleeves 25, guide sleeve 25 is vertically arranged, and four guide sleeves 25 are located at the four corners of rectangle.Restocking 20 is equipped with the first slot being vertically arranged Steel 26 and the second channel steel 27
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, device of boarding 30 includes pedestal 31, roller frame 32, pushes away brick frame 33 and first driving means 34, Roller frame 32 is set to pedestal 31, pushes away brick frame 33 and is movably set to pedestal 31, first driving means 34 push away brick frame for driving 33 31 transverse shiftings of opposite pedestal.
Pedestal 31 is the frame structure of strip, and pedestal 31 is equipped with two parallel guide rails 311, two guided ways Road 311 is located at the both sides in 31 width direction of pedestal, and the section of 311 lateral arrangement of guide rail, guide rail 311 is " work " Type.In addition, the top of pedestal 31 is equipped with the connecting plate 312 of rectangle, it is dismountable that connecting plate 312 is equipped with four be vertically arranged Guide rod 313, four guide rods 313 are located at the four corners of rectangle, and the diameter of guide rod 313 is interior with the guide sleeve 25 in restocking 20 Diameter matches.The specific connection type of guide rod 313 and connecting plate 312 is as shown in figure 5, guide rod 313 passes through connecting plate 312, guide rod It is spirally connected on 313 there are two nut 314, two nuts 314 are located at the both sides up and down of connecting plate 312.
As shown in figure 3, in the present embodiment, roller frame 32 includes link and supporter, and supporter passes through link and base Frame 31 connects, and supporter is for placing brick.
As shown in figure 4, link includes the first frame body 321 and the second frame body 322 being oppositely arranged, 321 He of the first frame body Second frame body 322 is plate-like, and the first frame body 321 is parallel to the second frame body 322.First frame body 321 and the second frame body 322 pass through branch Support body connects.
In the present embodiment, supporter includes multiple roller bearings 323, and roller bearing 323 is rotatably set to the first frame body 321 and the Between two frame bodies 322, roller bearing 323 is longitudinally arranged between the first frame plate and the second frame plate.
In the present embodiment, roller bearing 323 is stretching structure, and roller bearing 323 includes the outer shaft 3231 and inner shaft of coaxial arrangement 3232, one end of inner shaft 3232 is inserted in outer shaft 3231, and inner shaft 3232 can be moved axially with respect to outer shaft 3231.Outer shaft 3231 one end far from inner shaft 3232 is connect with the first frame body 321 by bearing 324, inner shaft 3232 far from outer shaft 3231 one End is connect with the second frame body 322 by bearing 324, to realize the rotation connection of roller bearing 323 and link.Roller bearing 323 and company After connecing frame connection, roller bearing 323 can opposite first frame body 321 and the rotation of the second frame body 322, and the length of roller bearing 323 can be according to the One frame body 321 between the second frame body 322 at a distance from change and change.When the first frame body 321 increases at a distance from the second frame body 322 When big, the elongation of the first roller bearing 323;When the first frame body 321 reduces at a distance from the second frame body 322, the first roller bearing 323 shortens.
First frame body 321 and the second frame body 322 are located at the both sides in 31 width direction of pedestal, the first frame body 321 with Second frame body 322 is fixedly connected, and the guide rod 325 with guide function is equipped between the first frame body 321 and the second frame body 322, Guide rod 325 is stretching structure, and one end of guide rod 325 is connect with the first frame body 321, the other end of guide rod 325 and second Frame body 322 connects, and guide rod 325 is longitudinally arranged.Guide rod 325 is located at the top of pedestal 31, the first frame body 321 and the second frame body Roller bearing 323 between 322 is located at the lower section of pedestal 31.Second frame body 322 is connect with pedestal 31 by pushing meanss 35, and dress is pushed Setting 35 can push the second frame body 322 to be moved to the direction far from or close to the first frame body 321.
In the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 6, pushing meanss 35 include the first connection component 351,352 and of the second connection component Second driving device 355.Wherein, the first connection component 351 includes first connecting rod 3511 and second connecting rod 3512, first connecting rod 3511 one end is hinged with one end of second connecting rod 3512;Second connection component 352 includes third connecting rod 3521 and fourth link 3522, one end of third connecting rod 3521 is hinged with one end of fourth link 3522;Third connecting rod 3521 is far from fourth link 3522 One end and the one end of first connecting rod 3511 far from second connecting rod 3512 it is hinged, fourth link 3522 is far from third connecting rod 3521 One end is hinged with the one end of second connecting rod 3512 far from first connecting rod 3511.First connecting rod 3511, second connecting rod 3512, third connect Bar 3521 and fourth link 3,522 4 are isometric, first connecting rod 3511, second connecting rod 3512, third connecting rod 3521 and fourth link 3522 constitute diamond structure.First connecting rod 3511 and third connecting rod 3521 constitute third connection component 353, second connecting rod 3512 with Fourth link 3522 constitutes the 4th connection component 354.Third connection component 353 is connect with pedestal 31, the 4th connection component 354 with Second frame body 322 connects, and the first connection component 351 is connect with the second connection component 352 by the second driving device 355.
In the present embodiment, first connecting rod 3511 and the articulated shaft of third connecting rod 3521 are rotatablely connected with pedestal 31, and second connects Bar 3512 and the articulated shaft of fourth link 3522 are rotatablely connected with pedestal 31.Second driving device 355 includes motor 3551 and silk Bar 3552, motor 3551 are fixed on the articulated shaft of first connecting rod 3511 and second connecting rod 3512, lead screw 3552 and motor 3551 Axis connection is exported, third connecting rod 3521 and the articulated shaft of fourth link 3522 are bolted on lead screw 3552.When motor 3551 works When lead screw 3552 being driven to rotate, hinged place and fourth link 3522 and third connecting rod of the second connecting rod 3512 with first connecting rod 3511 3521 hinged place will be close to each other or separate, to make the second frame body 322 be moved to the direction far from or close to the first frame body 321 It is dynamic.
It should be understood that pushing meanss 35 are not limited only to above structure, in other embodiments, pushing meanss 35 also may be used For other structures, for example, pushing meanss 35 are hydraulic cylinder.
In the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 7, it includes movable stand 331, rotating turret 332 and actuator 333, rotation to push away brick frame 33 Frame 332 is rotatablely connected with movable stand 331, and actuator 333 is rotated for driving rotating turret 332 to relatively move frame 331.
Wherein, movable stand 331 includes crossbearer 3311 and vertical frame 3312, and one end of crossbearer 3311 connects with one end of vertical frame 3312 It connects.It is set on crossbearer 3311 there are two parallel support shaft 334, support shaft 334 is longitudinally arranged, and the both ends of support shaft 334 are equipped with Rotatable runner 335.Rotating turret 332 includes executing frame 3321 and push plate 3322, and push plate 3322, which is set to, executes the one of frame 3321 End, the other end and the one end of vertical frame 3312 far from crossbearer 3311 for executing frame 3321 are hinged.In the present embodiment, actuator 333 is Hydraulic cylinder, one end of actuator 333 and crossbearer 3311 are hinged, and the other end of actuator 333 is hinged with frame 3321 is executed.
In the present embodiment, push plate 3322 is length adjustable structure.As shown in figure 8, push plate 3322 include the first plate body 3323, Second plate body 3324 and locking member 3325, the first plate body 3323 are connect with the second plate body 3324 by locking member 3325.
Wherein, the first plate body 3323 is U-shaped structure, and the first plate body 3323 includes first horizontal portion 33231, the first vertical portion 33232 and second horizontal part 33233, one end of first horizontal portion 33231 connect with one end of the first vertical portion 33232, first The other end of vertical portion 33232 is connect with one end of the second horizontal part 33233, and the second horizontal part 33233 is located at first horizontal portion 33231 lower section.Second plate body 3324 is L-shaped structure, and the second plate body 3324 includes third horizontal part 33241 and the second vertical portion 33242, one end of third horizontal part 33241 is connect with one end of the second vertical portion 33242.Third horizontal part 33241 and first Horizontal part 33231 contacts, and third horizontal part 33241 is located at the outside of first horizontal portion 33231;Second vertical portion 33242 is located at The outside of first vertical portion 33232, third horizontal part 33241 are connect with first horizontal portion 33231 by locking member 3325.First Vertical portion 33232 is connect with the one end of frame 3321 far from vertical frame 3312 is executed.In the present embodiment, locking member 3325 is screw.Such as Shown in Fig. 9, third horizontal part 33241 is equipped with the strip through-hole 33243 arranged along 3324 length direction of the second plate body, and screw is worn Strip through-hole 33243 is crossed to be spirally connected with first horizontal portion 33231.
Locking member 3325 has locking state and relaxation state, when locking member 3325 is in locking state, locking member 3325 lock the first plate body 3323 and the second plate body 3324, when locking member 3325 is in relaxation state, the second plate body 3324 It can be moved relative to the first plate body 3323, so as to adjust the length of push plate 3322.
As shown in figure 4, pushing away brick frame 33 is movably set to pedestal 31, that is, push away two runners for being located at side on brick frame 33 335 are stuck in a guide rail 311 of pedestal 31, push away two runners 335 on brick frame 33 positioned at the other side and are stuck in pedestal 31 Another guide rail 311 in.It pushes away after brick frame 33 connect with pedestal 31, pushes away the top that brick frame 33 is located at roller bearing 323, push plate 3322 the first plate body 3323 is close to the first frame body 321, and the second plate body 3324 is close to the first frame body 321.
Brick frame 33 is pushed away with respect to 31 transverse shifting of pedestal, to make as shown in figure 3, the effect of first driving means 34 is driving Push away the transverse shifting on supporter of brick frame 33.In the present embodiment, first driving means 34 include force piece 341 and transmission mechanism. Transmission mechanism includes open chain 342, the first sprocket wheel 343 and the second sprocket wheel 344, and the as unclosed chain of open chain 342 is open One end of chain 342 is connect with the movable stand 331 for pushing away brick frame 33, the other end of open chain 342 also with the movable stand 331 that pushes away brick frame 33 Connection, open chain 342 constitute sealed joint with the movable stand 331 for pushing away brick frame 33, and the first sprocket wheel 343 and the second sprocket wheel 344 can turn Dynamic is set on pedestal 31, and the first sprocket wheel 343 and the second sprocket wheel 344 are by closing chain link.In the present embodiment, force piece 341 be motor 3551, and motor 3551 is fixed on pedestal 31, and the first sprocket wheel 343 is fixed on the output shaft of motor 3551.When dynamic When power part 341 works, the first sprocket wheel 343 drives open chain 342 to rotate, and is laterally moved with respect to pedestal 31 to drive and push away brick frame 33 It is dynamic.When pushing away the work of actuator 333 in brick frame 33, rotating turret 332 is rotated frame 331 is relatively moved, to make rotating turret 332 It lifts or puts down.After rotating turret 332 lifts, the push plate 3322 in rotating turret 332 will be detached with the supporter of roller frame 32;Rotation After frame 332 is put down, the push plate 3322 in rotating turret 332 will be contacted with the supporter of roller frame 32.
As shown in Figure 1, two idler wheels 22 of the side in 20 width direction of restocking are stuck in leading for supporting beam 10 On rail 11, two idler wheels 22 of the other side in 20 width direction of restocking are stuck on the guide rail 11 of another supporting beam 10. Restocking 20 is connect with supporting beam 10 by the first power plant 40, and the first power plant 40 can drive restocking 20 with respect to supporting beam 10 Transverse shifting.Four guide rods 313 on pedestal 31 are inserted in respectively in four guide sleeves 25 of restocking 20, pedestal 31 and restocking 20 It is connected by the second power plant 50, the second power plant 50 can drive pedestal 31 vertically movable with respect to restocking 20, whole to make A device of boarding 30 rises or falls.
In the present embodiment, the first power plant 40 includes the first driving motor 41, the first chain 42, the second chain 43, the Three sprocket wheels 44, the 4th sprocket wheel 45, the 5th sprocket wheel 46 and the 6th sprocket wheel 47, the first driving motor 41 are fixed in restocking 20, third Sprocket wheel 44 and the 4th sprocket wheel 45 are equipped on the output shaft of the first driving motor 41, and the 5th sprocket wheel 46 is set in first rotating shaft 23, 6th sprocket wheel 47 is set in the second shaft 24, and third sprocket wheel 44 is connect with the 5th sprocket wheel 46 by the first chain 42, the 4th sprocket wheel 45 are connect with the 6th sprocket wheel 47 by the second chain 43.When the first driving motor 41 works, the four rolling 22 in restocking 20 It will rotate simultaneously, to make restocking 20 along 11 transverse shifting of guide rail.
In the present embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2, the second power plant 50 includes the second driving motor 51, the 7th sprocket wheel the 52, the 8th Sprocket wheel 53, the 9th sprocket wheel 54, the tenth sprocket wheel 55, first gear 56, second gear 57, the first deflecting sprocket wheel 58, the second deflecting chain Wheel 59, third deflecting sprocket wheel 60, the 4th deflecting sprocket wheel 61, third chain 62, the 4th chain 63, first connect chain 64, second Connect chain 65, the first counterweight 66 and the second counterweight 67.Second driving motor 51 is fixed in restocking 20, the 7th sprocket wheel 52 and Eight sprocket wheels 53 are set on the output shaft of the second driving motor 51;9th sprocket wheel 54 and the first deflecting sprocket wheel 58 pass through the first central shaft 68 are rotatablely connected with restocking 20;Tenth sprocket wheel 55 is rotatablely connected by the second central shaft 69 with restocking 20 with first gear 56;The Two gears 57 and the second deflecting sprocket wheel 59 are rotatablely connected by third central shaft 70 and restocking 20;Second gear 57 and first gear 56 engagements;Third deflecting sprocket wheel 60 is rotatablely connected by the 4th central shaft 71 with restocking 20;4th deflecting sprocket wheel 61 passes through the 5th Central shaft 72 is rotatablely connected with restocking 20;In the horizontal, the first deflecting sprocket wheel 58 is located at the second driving with third deflecting sprocket wheel 60 The side of motor 51, the second deflecting sprocket wheel 59 and the 4th deflecting sprocket wheel 61 are located at the other side of the second driving motor 51;7th chain Wheel 52 is connect with the 9th sprocket wheel 54 by third chain 62;8th sprocket wheel 53 is connect with the tenth sprocket wheel 55 by the 4th chain 63; It is non-close chain that first connection chain 64 connect chain 65 with second, and the first connection chain 64 is wrapped in the first deflecting successively On sprocket wheel 58 and third deflecting sprocket wheel 60, the second connection chain 65 is wrapped in the second deflecting sprocket wheel 59 and the 4th deflecting sprocket wheel successively On 61;As shown in Figure 1, first connection chain 64 one end connect with the first counterweight 66, first connect chain 64 the other end and Connecting plate 312 on pedestal 31 connects, and the first counterweight 66 is stuck in the first channel steel 26, and the first counterweight 66 can be in the first channel steel 26 It slides vertically;One end of second connection chain 65 is connect with the second counterweight 67, the other end and pedestal 31 of the second connection chain 65 On connecting plate 312 connect, the second counterweight 67 is stuck in the second channel steel 27, and the second counterweight 67 can vertically be slided in the second channel steel 27 It is dynamic.When the second driving motor 51 works, the first connection chain 64 and second connects chain 65 will drive device of boarding 30 jointly Opposite restocking 20 is vertically movable.
During getting on the bus, the force piece 341 controlled first in first driving means 34 works, and makes to push away brick frame 33 in roller Transverse shifting on frame 32, so as to push away the front end that brick frame 33 moves to roller frame 32;After brick on cloth embryo is grouped into, by cloth Cutting somebody's hair on embryo platform is pushed on the roller bearing 323 of roller frame 32, and brick moves on roller bearing 323 will be pushed away the push plate 3322 of brick frame 33 Blocking, push plate at this time 3322 are located at the front side of brick;Then control actuator 333 makes rotating turret 332 lift, and makes force piece 341 work, so as to push away the rear end that brick frame 33 moves to roller frame 32, controlling actuator 33 again makes rotating turret 331 put down so that Push plate 3322 is placed on roller bearing 323, and the push plate 3322 for pushing away brick frame 33 at this time is located at the rear side of brick;Subsequent first driving motor 41 work, device of boarding 30 is moved forward in compartment;It is dynamic in subsequent first driving motor 41 and first driving means 34 Power part 341 works at the same time, and while so that device of boarding 30 is drawn back, push plate 3322 laterally moves forward on roller frame 32, from And brick is pushed to be moved forward on roller bearing 323, and then one layer of disposable code of brick is entered on platform floor;Subsequent second driving electricity Machine 51 works, and device of boarding 30 is promoted to the height of one layer of brick;First driving motor 41 task again, backward by device of boarding 30 It is moved to initial position, the brick on cloth embryo is waited for be pushed into again on roller bearing 323;Brick on cloth embryo is pushed away again Finally stopped again by push plate 3322 after entering onto roller bearing, repetition is above-mentioned, and action can code enters multilayer from bottom to up into compartment Brick.Work efficiency is high for this upper vehicle device, is participated in without artificial, time saving and energy saving, has good economy.
Further, since the second frame body 322 of link is equipped with pushing meanss 35 for 31 with pedestal, in the work of pushing meanss 35 With lower changeable first frame body 321 at a distance from the second frame body 322.Since roller is stretching structure, the first frame body 321 and second After distance between frame body 322 changes, the length of roller will also change.The roller frame 32 of this structure can be according to compartment Width come adjust the first frame body 321 between the second frame body 322 at a distance from, be applicable to the compartment of different size.For example, working as vehicle It after the width in compartment increases, can be worked by the motor 3551 in pushing meanss 35, make the second frame body 322 to far from the first frame body 321 direction movement, to increase the second frame body 322 between the first frame body 321 at a distance from so that the first frame body 321 and second More bricks can be accommodated between frame body 322, and the brick on roller bearing 323 is finally pushed into compartment under the action of pushing away brick frame 33 It is interior.
In the present embodiment, push away for pushing the push plate 3322 of brick for length adjustable structure on brick frame 33, that is, after unscrewing screw The position that the second plate body 3324 and the first plate body 3323 can be adjusted, so as to adjust the length of push plate 3322, the length of push plate 3322 After degree adjustment, after tightening screw again, the first plate body 3323 and the second plate body 3324 can be fixed, adjustment process is side Just.When the first frame body 321 at a distance from the second frame body 322 according to the width adjustment in compartment after, can be manually to the length of push plate 3322 Degree is adjusted, so that the length of push plate 3322 is adapted with the spacing of the first frame body 321 and the second frame body 322.
In addition, in the present embodiment, the first plate body 3323 is U-shaped structure, and the second plate body 3324 is L-shaped structure, the first plate body 3323 and second plate body 3324 all have good bending resistance.After locking member 3325 is in relaxation state, the second plate body 3324 It can be slided on the first plate body 3323, adjustment process is simple and convenient.
In the present embodiment, the supporter on roller frame 32 for placing brick is multiple roller bearings 323, and pushing frame is pushing brick During block moves, roller bearing 323 will rotate, to make brick be easier to move on roller frame 32.It is specific at other In embodiment, supporter is alternatively other structures, for example supporter is the platy structure that can be slided for brick.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 10, the present embodiment provides a kind of upper vehicle devices 100, and difference lies in supporting beams 10 with above-described embodiment It is equipped with reversing bar 13.
As shown in figure 11, the connecting rod 12 being equipped between two supporting beams 10, connecting rod 12 is perpendicular to supporting beam 10, reversing Bar 13 is two, and two reversing bars 13 are vertically arranged in connecting rod 12.Reversing bar 13 is sheathed in connecting rod 12, bar 13 of moving backward It can be vertically moved in connecting rod 12, so as to adjust the distance of two reversing bars 13.
Before operation of getting on the bus, the vehicle for containing brick can be poured into two reversing bars 13 on the basis of two reversing bars 13 In, to make compartment be aligned with device of boarding 30, brick is pushed into compartment convenient for device of boarding 30.Since reversing bar 13 can be It moves, the distance of two reversing bars 13 can be adjusted according to the width in compartment in connecting rod 12.
It these are only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, be not intended to restrict the invention, for those skilled in the art For member, the invention may be variously modified and varied.Any modification made by all within the spirits and principles of the present invention, Equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of upper vehicle device, which is characterized in that including:
Supporting beam;
Restocking, the restocking are movably set to the supporting beam;
First power plant, first power plant is for driving the relatively described supporting beam transverse shifting of the restocking;
Device of boarding, the device of boarding include pedestal, roller frame, push away brick frame and first driving means, and the pedestal is removable Be set to the restocking, the roller is set up in the pedestal, and the roller frame includes the supporter for placing brick, institute It states and pushes away brick frame and be movably arranged in the pedestal, the first driving means are for driving the relatively described pedestal of brick frame that pushes away to move It is dynamic, so that described push away brick frame transverse shifting on the supporter;
Second power plant, second power plant is for driving the relatively described restocking of the pedestal vertically movable.
2. upper vehicle device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the roller frame further includes link, the link It is connect with the pedestal;
The supporter includes multiple roller bearings, and the roller bearing is rotatably set to the link, and the roller bearing is longitudinally arranged In the link.
3. upper vehicle device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the link includes opposite the first frame body and second Frame body, the roller bearing are rotatably set between first frame body and second frame body;
The upper vehicle device further includes pushing meanss, and the pushing meanss are for driving first frame body and the second frame body phase Mutually closer or far from.
4. upper vehicle device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the roller bearing is stretching structure, one end of the roller bearing It is connect with first frame body, the other end of the roller bearing is connect with second frame body.
5. upper vehicle device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that first frame body is fixed on the pedestal, and described Two frame bodies are connect with the pedestal by the pushing meanss, and the pushing meanss can push second frame body to move, with Keep second frame body and first frame body close to each other or separate.
6. upper vehicle device according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the pushing meanss include the first connection component, second Connection component and the second driving device;
First connection component includes first connecting rod and second connecting rod, and the first connecting rod is hinged with the second connecting rod;
Second connection component includes third connecting rod and fourth link, and the third connecting rod is hinged with the fourth link, institute It is hinged with the first connecting rod to state third connecting rod, the fourth link is hinged with the second connecting rod, the first connecting rod and institute It states third connecting rod and constitutes third connection component, the second connecting rod constitutes the 4th connection component with the fourth link;
The third connection component is connect with the pedestal, and the 4th connection component is connect with second frame body, and described One connection component is connect with second connection component by second driving device, and second driving device is for driving The hinged place of the second connecting rod and the first connecting rod is far from or close to the hinged place of the fourth link and third connecting rod.
7. upper vehicle device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the brick frame that pushes away includes movable stand, rotating turret and driving Part;
The movable stand is movably set to the pedestal, and the rotating turret is rotatablely connected with the movable stand, the rotation Frame is connect with the movable stand by the actuator, and the actuator is for driving the relatively described movable stand of the rotating turret to turn It is dynamic, so that the rotating turret is lifted or is put down.
8. upper vehicle device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the rotating turret includes the push plate for pushing brick, institute It is length adjustable structure to state push plate;
The push plate includes the first plate body, the second plate body and locking member, and first plate body is described close to first frame body Second plate body is connect with second plate body by the locking member close to second frame body, first plate body;
The locking member has locking state and relaxation state, and when the locking member is in locking state, the locking member will First plate body and the second plate body are locked, and when the locking member is in relaxation state, second plate body can be with respect to institute The movement of the first plate body is stated, so that the push plate elongates or shortens.
9. upper vehicle device according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the first plate body includes first horizontal portion, the first vertical portion With the second horizontal part, one end of the first horizontal portion is connect with one end of first vertical portion, first vertical portion The other end is connect with one end of second horizontal part, and second horizontal position is in the lower section of the first horizontal portion;
Second plate body includes third horizontal part and the second vertical portion, and the third horizontal position is in the first horizontal portion Outside, the second vertical portion are located at the outside of first vertical portion, and the third horizontal part passes through institute with the first horizontal portion State locking member connection.
10. upper vehicle device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first driving means include force piece and transmission Mechanism;
The transmission mechanism includes open chain, the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel, and one end of the open chain pushes away brick frame company with described It connecing, the other end of the open chain is connect with the brick frame that pushes away, and the open chain constitutes sealed joint with the brick frame that pushes away, and described the One sprocket wheel and second sprocket wheel are rotatably set to the pedestal, and first sprocket wheel passes through institute with second sprocket wheel State closing chain link;
The force piece is for driving first sprocket wheel to rotate.
CN201810217750.2A 2018-03-14 2018-03-14 Boarding machine Active CN108466851B (en)

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