CN108463312A - The assembly line of motor vehicle body component - Google Patents

The assembly line of motor vehicle body component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108463312A
CN108463312A CN201580085529.0A CN201580085529A CN108463312A CN 108463312 A CN108463312 A CN 108463312A CN 201580085529 A CN201580085529 A CN 201580085529A CN 108463312 A CN108463312 A CN 108463312A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
assembly line
supporting
component
station
work
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201580085529.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卡罗·帕莱托
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
OLCI
Olci Engineering Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Olci Engineering Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Olci Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical Olci Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to PCT/IB2015/059977 priority Critical patent/WO2017109557A1/en
Publication of CN108463312A publication Critical patent/CN108463312A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • B23P21/006Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed the conveying means comprising a rotating table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P2700/00Indexing scheme relating to the articles being treated, e.g. manufactured, repaired, assembled, connected or other operations covered in the subgroups
    • B23P2700/50Other automobile vehicle parts, i.e. manufactured in assembly lines

Abstract

The assembly line of motor vehicle body component includes the multiple work stations (P) continuously arranged along first axle (A),And each work station (P) includes workbench (10),One or more work robots (6) and at least one processing manipulator (5),Wherein,Workbench (10) can be rotated about vertical axis (B),And it is provided with the first supporting device for the first car body component on the opposite side for being arranged in vertical axis (B) and the second supporting device for the second car body component,One or more work robots (6) are arranged on the first side relative to axis (A) of assembly line (1),At least one processing manipulator (5) is arranged in the second side opposite with the first side relative to first axle (A) of assembly line (1),Wherein,Work robot (6) and processing manipulator (5) are suitable for acting on simultaneously on the corresponding car body component being arranged in the corresponding side of assembly line (1).

Description

The assembly line of motor vehicle body component
Technical field
The present invention relates to the assembly lines of motor vehicle body component.
Present invention is preferably applicable to assemble the door of motor vehicles, be described below and be related in this, but the present invention do not lose it is any Versatility.
Background technology
It is well known in the prior art assembling motor vehicles door method include executed in order along production line it is a series of Operation, for example, series installation, tack welding and welding operation.
Generally, for each door of motor vehicles, there is an industrial siding, it means that the number of line must be with The number of the door of motor vehicles is identical.
Each of these lines generally include multiple stations, multiple processing manipulators (robot) and for each stations Multiple work robots, wherein in the middle at least one specific operation of execution of each of multiple stations, multiple processing manipulators are matched It is set to and Men Congyi station is moved to another station.
With reference to a specific station, door is supplied to station, door to receive by one in station by the first processing manipulator Or the operation that multiple work robots execute, and removed from station by second processing manipulator, and then it is supplied to next work Position.
By this method, its operation, processor are completed since manipulator has to wait for downstream or upstream manipulator At least one of tool hand or work robot are idle.This can lead to downtime considerably long in working cycles.
Therefore, in motor vehicle industry, there are the needs for keeping production line more efficient and reducing cost.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of lifes overcoming the problem related to prior art described above system Producing line.
Object above is realized by the production line protected in claim 1.
Description of the drawings
For a better understanding of the present invention, what is be described by way of example with reference to the drawings is non-limiting excellent Embodiment is selected, in the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the figure of the layout of production line according to the present invention;
Fig. 2 a to Fig. 2 d are the stereograms of the station of the production line in Fig. 1;And
Fig. 3 is to show the downtime according to the present invention during the working cycles of production line and the ratio of operating time Figure.
Specific implementation mode
Fig. 1 shows that the assembly line 1 of the door D for assembling motor vehicles, assembly line 1 extend along axis A and include Process part 2 and working portion 3, wherein process part 2 is located relative on the side of axis A, and working portion 3 is located at axis A The opposite side relative to process part 2 on.
Production line 1 further includes the n station P continuously arranged along axis A, in the middle execution one of each of n station P Or multiple operations, specifically, welding operation.
For each station P, process part 2 includes being configured to the processor of the transfer gate D between station P and next station Tool hand 5, it is preferable that pickup and the manipulator for placing type.
The first processing manipulator 5 on line is configured to pick up car door D from load station (not shown)0, and at the last one Reason manipulator 5 is configured to the door D that will be completednIt is transported to unloading station (not shown).
For each station P, working portion 3 includes the one or more for being configured to execute given operation in the station Work robot (for example, welding manipulator 6).Each welding manipulator 6 includes that the tip of its own modifies (welding tip Dressing) station 7.All work robots are arranged in the working portion 3 of assembly line 1, in other words, are arranged in axis On the opposite side relative to processing manipulator 5 of A.
Each station P includes the workbench 10 that can surround vertical axis B rotations.
Fig. 2 a show the first preferred embodiment of workbench 10.
According to the present embodiment, workbench 10 includes mainly central body 11 and is carried by central body 11 and in diametrically phase To side on a pair of of arm 12 for being radially extended from the body.
Central body 11 include fixed lower part 13 and top 11a, top 11a be manufactured by actuator 13 (by means of Traditional transmission device (not shown)) it is rotated relative to lower part 11b around vertical axis B.Top 11a substantially with axis B, Prism with 4 interarea 11c, four interarea 11c are parallel to each other in couples, exist in couples to each other in interarea 11c And corresponding hole 15 coaxially to each other.
Each arm 12 includes axis 16, and axis 16 extends from the end of arm 12 17 and is contained in corresponding hole 15 so as to outstanding Arm mode supporting arm.
Arm 12 is provided with multiple anchor points 20 (preferably, hole) to allow to be attached as corresponding door (for example, right door and left-hand door Or front door and back door) configuration supporting arrangement 21.Anchor point 20 is arranged on the 24 upper and lower surface 25 of upper surface of arm 12.
It will be directed to common station P nownThe operation of production line 1 is described.Di,nIt indicates to be in station PnIn performed work N-th of common door in the state of at the end of process.
It is illustrated starting at cycle from original state, in the initial state, the door D at the end of the course of worki,n(for example, right Door) workbench 10 be located at station PnWorking portion 3 in arm 12 on, and subsequent door Di+1,n-1(for example, left-hand door) Have been loaded into station PnBe located at process part 2 in arm 12 on.In the first step, the rotation of workbench 10 is with by door Di,n It is placed in process part 2, and by door Di+1,n-1It is placed in the position towards work robot 6 in working portion 3.
In the second step, work robot 6, which executes, is directed to door Di+1,n-1The operation of design;Meanwhile in process part 2 In, processing manipulator 5 picks up a Di,nAnd by door Di,nIt is transferred to next station Pn+1, and station Pn-1In processing manipulator 5 By subsequent door Di+2,n-1It is moved to station PnWorkbench 10 on.
Cycle executes two steps:As long as completing door Di+1,n-1On work (now, this door is expressed as Di+1,n), just rotate Workbench 10, by door Di+2,n-1It is moved in work station 3.When positive worked door, door Di+1,nIt is transferred to station Pn+1, and And new door Di+3,n-1It is loaded onto on workbench 10.
In figure 6, the time of the various operations in working cycles is graphically shown.As described earlier, work follows Ring includes having duration T1Work step and have duration T2Spin step, work step and spin step with With equal to T1And T2The sum of cycle T or the alternating sequence of circulation time follow one another.
With duration T1Work step be included between a station and another station the operation of transfer gate and The welding operation executed parallel.Eligibly, time T1Between 10s and 20s, and it is preferably about 15s.
With duration T2Spin step be working cycles " downtime ", in downtime, electroplating equipment wielding machine Both hand 6 and processing manipulator 5 are idle.Eligibly, time T2Less than 5s, and even further preferably, about 4s.
Eligibly, every n circulation time (for example, every 12 circulation times) interim interrupt gate assembling cycle, with right Soldering appliance actuation end finishing operation.
In the corresponding finishing station 7 of each welding manipulator, finishing is performed simultaneously for all welding manipulators Operation, and the duration of finishing operation between 10s and 15s, and be preferably about 12s.Therefore, if every 12 Circulation time executes pre-shaping step, then is accounted for according to the single loop time, pre-shaping step will produce the extremely short volume of about 1s Outer downtime.
Therefore, total down-time accounts for the percentage of the very little of cycle time T (for example, 5 seconds in 19 seconds in total).
Fig. 2 b show the first alternate embodiments of workbench 10 relative to workbench 10 shown in Fig. 2 a.
According to the present embodiment, workbench 10 includes being arranged in crosswise and as previously described by corresponding face 11c Four arms 12a, 12b of carrying.Arm 12a relative to each other be provided with for first model (for example, the front door of auto model or The right door of person or left-hand door) supporting arrangement 21a.
Similarly, arm 12b relative to each other is provided with for second model (for example, the front door or the right side of auto model Door or left-hand door) supporting arrangement 21b.According to the present embodiment, a pair of arm 12a or another pair arm can be used only by each 12b changes auto model in real time.
Fig. 2 c show the second alternate embodiments of workbench 10, in the second alternate embodiments, and in Fig. 2 b Embodiment is compared, and two opposite arms (for example, arm 12a), which are provided with, is individually secured to two of upper surface 24 and lower surface 25 Supporting arrangement 21a, 21c.Second actuator 22 (preferably, motor) is configured to allow for arm 12a to be rotated around common axis C.
By this method, by combining the rotation of the rotation and arm 12a of workbench 10, three kinds of different vehicle moulds can be managed The production of type.
Fig. 2 d show third alternate embodiments, and in third alternate embodiments, all four arms 12a, 12b are respectively Two supporting arrangements 21 are carried, one on upper surface 24 and another is located on lower surface 25.
Therefore, by combining the rotation of the rotation and arm 12a, 12b of workbench 10, four kinds of different vehicle moulds can be managed The production of type.
By above description, the advantages of assembly line according to the present invention is obvious.
Use the rotary work for the arrangement that work robot and processing manipulator are combined on the opposite side of each station Platform 10 means that operation and processing operation can be executed parallel on the door.Downtime is only sent out during the rotation of workbench 10 Raw, this makes downtime substantially reduce.
Due to using more working times, compared with the traditional assembly line for executing same operation, it is possible to reduce The number of work robot, to reduce the space occupied by production cost and line.
By the way that modifying all tips has advanced optimized net cycle time simultaneously.
Finally, it is clear that, can be to line in the case of the scope of the present invention illustrated in without departing substantially from such as claim 1 modifies and changes.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of assembly line of motor vehicle body component includes the multiple work stations (P) continuously arranged along axis (A), Each of described station P includes:
Workbench (10) can rotate around vertical axis (B) and be provided with the opposite side for being arranged in the vertical axis (B) On the first supporting device for the first car body component and the second supporting device for the second car body component;
At least one work robot (6) is arranged in the first side (3) relative to the axis (A) of the assembly line (1) On;
At least one processing manipulator (5), be arranged in the assembly line (1) relative to the axis (A) and first side (3) in opposite the second side (2);
The workbench (10) is suitable for occupying at least first position and the second position, in the first position, described first Supporting device is arranged on first side (3) and second supporting device is arranged in the second side (2), described In the second position, second supporting device is arranged on first side (3) and first supporting device is arranged in institute It states in the second side (2),
At least one work robot (6) and at least one processing manipulator (5) are suitable for acting on arrangement simultaneously On corresponding car body component in the corresponding side of the assembly line (1).
2. production line as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the workbench (10) includes central body (11), described Central body (11) is provided with can be around the part (11b) that the vertical axis (B) rotates, first supporting device and described Two supporting devices include the corresponding arm (12) extended from the opposite side relative to the central body (11).
3. the production line as described in any one of claims 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the arm (12) includes being used for the vehicle The Anchoring devices (20) of the supporting arrangement (21) of body component.
4. production line as described in claim 3, which is characterized in that the Anchoring devices (20) are arranged in the arm (12) On at least one of upper surface (25) and lower surface (24).
5. the production line as described in any one of claim 2 to 4, which is characterized in that the arm (12) is configured to around the arm (12) own longitudinal axis (C) rotation.
6. production line as described in any one of the preceding claims, which is characterized in that the work on first side (3) Manipulator includes welding manipulator (6).
7. production line as described in claim 6, which is characterized in that each welding manipulator (6) is provided with finishing station (7)。
8. in the method for the assembly line over-assemble motor vehicle body component including multiple continuous stations (P), the method includes First processing step and work step, in first processing step, by the car body component from corresponding station (Pn) turn Move to subsequent work stations (Pn+1), in the work step, in each station (Pn) in execute at least one operation, the method It is characterized in that, each station (Pn) include workbench (10), the workbench (10) can rotate and set around vertical axis The first supporting device and the second supporter for corresponding car body component being equipped on the opposite side for being arranged in the vertical axis Part,
The method includes third steps, and in the third step, the workbench (10) is in first position and the second position Between rotate, in the first position, first supporting device is arranged on the first side (3) of the assembly line, and Second supporting device is arranged in the second side (2) of the assembly line, in the second position, second supporter Part is arranged on the first side (3) of the assembly line, and first supporting device is arranged in the second side of the assembly line (2) on,
To the first car body component being arranged on the first side (3) of the assembly line and the second side for being arranged in the assembly line (2) the second car body component on, the first step and the second step are performed simultaneously, and are replaced with the third step Ground executes.
9. method as described in claim 8, which is characterized in that by means of the second side for being arranged in the assembly line (2) the processing manipulator (5) on executes the first step, and first side (3) by being arranged in the assembly line Work robot (6) that is upper and including welding manipulator executes the second step.
10. the production method as described in claim 8 or 9, which is characterized in that the method includes modifying by the bonding machine The step of tool that tool hand (6) uses, after the cycle of given number, periodically and simultaneously by all welding manipulators (6) Execute the pre-shaping step.
11. the method as described in any one of claim 8 to 10, which is characterized in that the Duration Ratio of the third step The half of the duration of the first step and the duration of the second step are small.
12. the method as described in any one of claim 8 to 10, which is characterized in that the Duration Ratio of the third step The one third of the duration of the first step and the duration of the second step are small.
CN201580085529.0A 2015-12-24 2015-12-24 The assembly line of motor vehicle body component Pending CN108463312A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/IB2015/059977 WO2017109557A1 (en) 2015-12-24 2015-12-24 Assembly line for motor vehicle bodywork components

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108463312A true CN108463312A (en) 2018-08-28

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201580085529.0A Pending CN108463312A (en) 2015-12-24 2015-12-24 The assembly line of motor vehicle body component

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EP (1) EP3393708A1 (en)
CN (1) CN108463312A (en)
BR (1) BR112018012501A2 (en)
WO (1) WO2017109557A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR3085610B1 (en) * 2018-09-06 2020-11-27 Psa Automobiles Sa MOTOR VEHICLE OPENING MODULAR ASSEMBLY ISLAND

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05208348A (en) * 1992-01-30 1993-08-20 Daifuku Co Ltd Working equipment
US20020072825A1 (en) * 2000-10-31 2002-06-13 Angel Jeffrey R. Multiple robotic workstation with multiple fixtures
DE202006005835U1 (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-08-23 Kuka Schweissanlagen Gmbh processing station
CN201519853U (en) * 2009-10-22 2010-07-07 沈阳金杯江森自控汽车内饰件有限公司 Seat backrest skeleton spot welding robot fixture
CN203678647U (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-07-02 常州市范群干燥设备有限公司 Multi-station rotary clamp
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Publication number Publication date
BR112018012501A2 (en) 2018-12-11
EP3393708A1 (en) 2018-10-31
WO2017109557A1 (en) 2017-06-29

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