CN108457507B - Photovoltaic liftable antedisplacement parking equipment - Google Patents

Photovoltaic liftable antedisplacement parking equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108457507B
CN108457507B CN201810150304.4A CN201810150304A CN108457507B CN 108457507 B CN108457507 B CN 108457507B CN 201810150304 A CN201810150304 A CN 201810150304A CN 108457507 B CN108457507 B CN 108457507B
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China
Prior art keywords
framework
photovoltaic
tray
parking
slide rail
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CN201810150304.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108457507A (en
Inventor
唐鹏
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MCC5 Group Shanghai Corp Ltd
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MCC5 Group Shanghai Corp Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling-stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/02Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars
    • E04H6/06Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars with means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Warehouses Or Storage Devices (AREA)
  • Refuge Islands, Traffic Blockers, Or Guard Fence (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a photovoltaic liftable forward parking device, which comprises: the first sliding rails are arranged along the parking direction, and are arranged in two relative parallel ways and are respectively arranged at two sides of a parked vehicle; the first sliding rail is provided with a framework capable of translating along the first sliding rail, the framework is provided with an upper tray for placing an upper vehicle, the upper tray vertically moves in the framework, and the framework is used for driving the upper tray to translate along the first sliding rail; a lower layer vehicle is placed below the upper layer tray, and the lower layer vehicle drives into the framework along the parking direction; the upper tray is connected with the framework through a lifting device arranged on the framework, and the lifting device is used for driving the upper tray to lift; the equipment further comprises a control device arranged on the framework, and the control device is connected with the upper tray and used for controlling the movement of the upper tray.

Description

Photovoltaic liftable antedisplacement parking equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of parking equipment, in particular to photovoltaic liftable forward moving parking equipment.
Background
In recent years, with the improvement of living standard and income of people, the rapid progress of automobile industry and the acceleration of urbanization process in China, more and more people buy private cars to meet the needs of life and work. The increase of private cars brings about the problem of traffic congestion and frequent traffic jam due to the influence of excessive vehicles on urban traffic, and the problem of difficult parking due to the increase of private cars.
Along with the development of urbanization, the urban road can park the space of vehicle and diminish more and more, and, the space that can supply to park the vehicle in the district is also very limited, and the vehicle is too much in the district, also cause the vehicle to stop the difficulty of getting, the condition that blocks each other appears frequently, because everybody's travel time is not unified, consequently the condition of informing the car owner to move the car will appear, still need wait for the long time sometimes even, great influence people's work trip, and trip efficiency, and wasted a large amount of time on listening the vehicle. Today, parking difficulties are encountered in many cities, particularly in larger cities where the population is concentrated, such as: in cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, congestion and short supply and short demand at parking spaces often occur on roads or in communities, so that the working life and the vehicle using experience of people are greatly influenced.
Meanwhile, as awareness of environment protection of people is improved, the greening area of a city is larger and larger, and a large number of green belts are arranged in some cells, factory areas, parks or public places. When people are difficult to park, the vehicles are often parked in green belts, and the environment is damaged. Even some greenbelts in parking lots and in communities are used as parking spaces, and people often park vehicles on the greenbelts, so that the environment is greatly influenced.
The sky parking equipment is mechanical type sky parking equipment, and is used for storing machinery or mechanical facility systems of vehicles to the maximum extent. In the process of solving the problem of difficult parking, the mechanical three-dimensional parking equipment is widely applied due to the unique advantages of the mechanical three-dimensional parking equipment. At present, the development and application of the mechanical three-dimensional parking equipment in China have a plurality of problems: the lack of comprehensive technical standard of the system; most key facilities are only simple imitation overseas products and lack core technology; the parking facility enterprises have small scale and insufficient production capacity; disorder of market competition; the technical innovation ability is insufficient; and the problems of inconvenient use, complex operation, lower parking efficiency, large occupied space and the like of the parking equipment. Meanwhile, in places with small space and greening, how to park vehicles in the greening belt is achieved, greening is not damaged, and the problem that existing equipment cannot solve is solved.
Therefore, a parking device is urgently needed to solve the problem of parking difficulty, damage to the environment caused by disordered parking is avoided, and parking can be conveniently and quickly performed, so that parking efficiency is improved, and time and cost of people are saved.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, the invention provides a photovoltaic liftable forward-moving parking device, and aims to solve the problem that the energy of the parking device cannot be self-supplied.
In one aspect, the present invention provides a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus, including: the first sliding rails are arranged along the parking direction, and are arranged in two relative parallel ways and are respectively arranged at two sides of a parked vehicle; the first sliding rail is provided with a framework capable of translating along the first sliding rail, the framework is provided with an upper tray for placing an upper vehicle, the upper tray vertically moves in the framework, and the framework is used for driving the upper tray to translate along the first sliding rail; a lower layer vehicle is placed below the upper layer tray, and the lower layer vehicle drives into the framework along the parking direction; the upper tray is connected with the framework through a lifting device arranged on the framework, and the lifting device is used for driving the upper tray to lift; the equipment also comprises a control device arranged on the framework, wherein the control device is connected with the upper-layer tray and used for controlling the movement of the upper-layer tray; set up photovoltaic device on the skeleton, photovoltaic device is used for turning into the electric energy with light energy, be used for parking equipment provides the power, photovoltaic device includes: the parking equipment comprises a photovoltaic cell, a support frame and an electricity storage unit, wherein the support frame is arranged on the upper side of a framework and is connected and fixed with the framework into a whole, the photovoltaic cell is arranged on the upper side of the support frame and is connected and fixed with the support frame, the electricity storage unit is arranged on the framework, the photovoltaic cell is connected with the electricity storage unit and is used for storing electric energy output by the photovoltaic cell, and the electricity storage unit is also connected with each power utilization device of the parking equipment and is used for outputting the electric energy to each power utilization device; the electricity storage unit is connected with each electricity utilization device through the control device.
Further, the photovoltaic device further comprises an electric control unit, the electric control unit is connected with the photovoltaic cell, the electricity storage unit is connected with the photovoltaic cell through the electric control unit, and the electric control unit is used for carrying out voltage stabilization and current stabilization treatment on electric energy output by the photovoltaic cell.
Furthermore, a protective device is arranged in the electric control unit to prevent the circuit from being damaged due to short circuit.
Further, the photovoltaic cell is a crystalline silicon cell panel, and the crystalline silicon cell panel can be a polycrystalline silicon solar cell or a monocrystalline silicon solar cell.
Further, the support frame is a frame made of section steel and used for supporting the photovoltaic cell.
Further, the electricity storage unit is connected with the lifting device through the control device, the stored electric energy is output to the lifting device, and the control device is used for controlling the electric energy output of the electricity storage unit.
Further, the electricity storage unit is a storage battery.
Furthermore, the framework comprises a horizontal beam and a vertical beam which is vertical to the horizontal beam; the upper end of the vertical beam is connected with the cross beam and used for supporting the cross beam, and the lower end of the vertical beam is connected with the first slide rail in a sliding manner; the two ends of the cross beam are respectively connected with the vertical beams, and the cross beam is connected with the upper-layer tray through the lifting device.
Further, the support frame is connected with the cross beam.
Further, the support frame and the cross beam are fixedly integrated through welding or bolt connection.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: through setting up first slide rail and second slide rail, and make the skeleton slide on first slide rail, lower floor's tray slides on the second slide rail, still drive the vertical removal of vehicle through upper tray, park in order to carry out the vehicle layering, and upper tray and lower floor's tray do not work alone respectively, each other does not influence, thereby when having avoided the access upper vehicle, need to move the condition of lower floor's vehicle, and then the effectual parking efficiency who improves this parking equipment, and park the vehicle through the bilayer, can also use a plurality of equipment combinations, the effectual problem of parking difficulty of having solved, and this device convenient operation is swift, need not numerous and complicated operation process, the required time of parking has significantly reduced, and then the required time cost of parking has been practiced thrift.
Further, this parking equipment is through setting up photovoltaic device, in order to carry out solar energy power generation, and export the electric energy that acquires to parking equipment and use, thereby the parking equipment influence by place and environment when the installation has been solved, and the problem of unable installation use, the effectual restricted and unable energy of having solved is from the support problem, through setting up photovoltaic device, not only make the acquisition way safety ring of the energy, still greatly improved the adaptability of this device, can install the use anytime and anywhere, not restricted by place environment, and simultaneously, owing to set up photovoltaic device, make parking equipment can realize the electric energy from the support.
Drawings
Various other advantages and benefits will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon reading the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments. The drawings are only for purposes of illustrating the preferred embodiments and are not to be construed as limiting the invention. Also, like reference numerals are used to refer to like parts throughout the drawings. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic side view of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic top view of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of a framework with an oblique beam of the photovoltaic liftable forward parking equipment according to the embodiment of the invention;
fig. 4 is a first schematic structural view of a first sliding wheel of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a first sliding wheel of the photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic top view of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus provided with a first slide rail and a second slide rail along a parking direction according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a side view of a rotatable track of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a top view of a rotatable slide rail of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a chain type lifting device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a guide rail type lifting device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a hydraulic lifting device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of a third driving unit of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 13 is a schematic connection diagram of a control device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of a control device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 15 is a schematic view illustrating an installation and a structure of a pressure power generation device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 16 is a schematic view illustrating the installation and structure of a photovoltaic device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of an eco-friendly parking facility of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking facility according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure will be described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. While exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure are shown in the drawings, it should be understood that the present disclosure may be embodied in various forms and should not be limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the disclosure to those skilled in the art. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict. The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.
Fig. 1 and 2 are a side view and a top view of a photovoltaic liftable front parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment parking equipment include slide rail set spare, skeleton 3 and tray subassembly, wherein, slide rail set spare includes first slide rail 8 and second slide rail 9, and the tray subassembly is including the upper tray 1 that is used for parking the upper vehicle and the lower floor's tray 2 that is used for parking the lower floor's vehicle. Specifically, the first slide rails 8 are arranged along a direction perpendicular to the parking direction, one first slide rail 8 is respectively arranged at the head and tail of the parked vehicle, the two first slide rails 8 are arranged in parallel relatively, and the distance between the two first slide rails 8 is greater than the length of the parked vehicle; the second slide rail 9 is arranged between the two first slide rails 8 and is arranged in parallel with the first slide rails 8, the first slide rails 8 and the second slide rails 9 are the same in length, it can be understood that the second slide rails 9 are also arranged in the direction perpendicular to the parking direction, and the second slide rails 9 are arranged at least one. The upper layer tray 1 is connected with the framework 3 through a lifting device 5, and the lifting device is used for driving the upper layer tray 1 to lift; the lower tray 2 is slidably connected to the second slide rail 9 to move horizontally along the second slide rail 9. The size of upper tray 1 and lower floor's tray 2 is the same, and length and width between them length and width that respectively more than or equal to parked the vehicle are less than the length and the width of skeleton 3 simultaneously to make upper tray 1 can drive vertical removal of vehicle in skeleton 3, lower floor's tray 2 can drive the horizontal migration of vehicle in skeleton 3.
Specifically, the frame 3 is a frame structure, and the space inside the frame is used for placing a tray and a vehicle. The lower part of the framework 3 is connected with the first slide rail 8 in a sliding way, and the framework 3 can horizontally slide along the first slide rail 8 after being connected with the first slide rail 8; the upper portion and the upper tray 1 of skeleton 3 are connected, and upper tray 1 parks the upper portion to skeleton 3 in order to place the vehicle on upper tray 1 through the vertical removal of upper tray 1 in the inside vertical removal in space of skeleton 3, simultaneously through sliding frame 3, drives upper vehicle horizontal migration. Simultaneously, lower floor's tray 2 sets up in 1 downside of upper tray, can place in the space of the inside of skeleton 3 completely to can follow the lateral part of skeleton 3 and make a round trip to slide, make skeleton 3 and lower floor's tray 2 can slide simultaneously or respectively along the same direction through first slide rail 8 and second slide rail 9.
Specifically, refer to fig. 3, which is a schematic diagram of a framework with an oblique beam of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. The skeleton 3 includes: the tray comprises horizontally arranged long beams 32, horizontally arranged wide beams 33 and vertical beams 34 which are perpendicular to the long beams 32 and the wide beams 33, wherein the long beams 32 are arranged in two opposite directions, the wide beams 33 are arranged in two opposite directions, the vertical beams 34 are respectively provided with four, the lengths of the two long beams 32 are larger than those of the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2, the lengths of the two wide beams 33 are larger than those of the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2, the end parts of the two long beams 32 and the end parts of the two short beams 33 are respectively connected in sequence to form a square frame, the two long beams 32 are arranged in parallel relatively, and the two short beams 33 are arranged in parallel relatively; the lengths of the four vertical beams 34 are equal, the upper ends of the four vertical beams 34 are respectively connected with the connecting cross points of the long cross beam 32 and the wide cross beam 33 and are connected with the square frame to form a three-dimensional frame, the lower ends of the vertical beams 34 are slidably connected with the first slide rail 8, and the vertical beams 34 are used for supporting the square frame formed by the long cross beam 32 and the wide cross beam 33 and driving the square frame to move horizontally along the first slide rail 8. The upper tray 1 can be arranged on the long beam 32 or the wide beam 33, that is, the connecting line of the upper tray 1 can be connected with the long beam 32 or the wide beam 33. It is understood that the lengths of the long beam 32 and the wide beam 33 may be equal or unequal, and may be made according to actual situations.
As shown in fig. 3, the framework 3 further includes an oblique beam 35, the oblique beam 35 is obliquely disposed between the two vertical beams 34 on the same side of the framework 3, one end of the oblique beam 35 is connected to the intersection of the vertical beam 34 and the cross beam, the other end of the oblique beam is connected to the bottom of the vertical beam 34 opposite to the intersection, and the oblique beams 35 are disposed on the two opposite sides of the framework 3. One oblique beam 35 can be arranged on the same side, or two oblique beams 35 can be arranged, and when two oblique beams are arranged, the two oblique beams 35 are arranged in a crossed mode. Specifically, when the first slide rail 8 is arranged in the vertical direction of the parking direction, the inclined beam 35 is arranged on the framework 3 on the side where the wide cross beam 33 is located, and when the first slide rail 8 is arranged in the parking direction, the inclined beam 35 is arranged on the framework 3 on the side where the long cross beam 32 is located. The oblique beams 35 are used for obliquely supporting, so that the framework 3 is more stable in structure. It can be understood that the sloping 35 can be obliquely arranged between the two vertical beams 34 on the same side of the framework 3, the sloping 35 can be obliquely arranged, and can also be horizontally arranged, the sloping 35 can be arranged only one way, and can also be arranged in multiple ways, the arrangement direction and the arrangement quantity of the specific sloping 35 can be arranged according to actual requirements, which is only taken as an exemplary illustration, and those skilled in the art can understand that the sloping 35 only needs to satisfy the requirement that the framework 3 is more stable in structure.
As shown in fig. 3, the framework 3 further includes a first sliding wheel 31, the first sliding wheel 31 is connected to the vertical beam 34 and disposed at a lower end of the vertical beam 34, and the first sliding wheel 34 slides along the first sliding rail 8, so that the vertical beam 34 slides on the first sliding rail 8, and the framework 3 is driven to move horizontally. The first sliding wheels 31 are directional sliding wheels to enhance the stability of the framework 3 during sliding.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of a sliding wheel structure of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. Specifically, when the first sliding wheel 31 is connected to the vertical beam 34, a horizontal vertical beam connecting plate 341 may be disposed at the lower end of the vertical beam 34, four threaded holes are uniformly formed in the vertical beam connecting plate 341, and the first sliding wheel 31 is fixed to the lower end of the vertical beam 31 by corresponding bolts, or the first sliding wheel 31 and the lower end of the vertical beam 34 are directly connected into a whole by welding. Further, in order to achieve better installation and dismantle and replace the effect of the first sliding wheel 31, a pulley connecting plate 311 opposite to the vertical beam connecting plate 341 is arranged on the upper portion of the first sliding wheel 31, the first sliding wheel 31 is welded or bolted to the pulley connecting plate 311 into a whole, meanwhile, a threaded hole corresponding to the vertical beam connecting plate 341 is formed in the pulley connecting plate 311, the vertical beam connecting plate 341 and the pulley connecting plate 311 are connected and fixed into a whole through a bolt, and the first sliding wheel 31 rolls on a first sliding rail to drive the vertical beam 34 to move horizontally.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a sliding wheel structure of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. When the first pulley 31 is connected to the vertical beam 34, two pulley risers 312 may be provided below the pulley connecting plate 311, and the two pulley risers 312 may be arranged in parallel to each other and welded and fixed to the pulley connecting plate 311 as a single body. The first sliding wheel 31 further comprises a wheel hub 315, a wheel axle 314 and a wheel axle connecting plate 313, wherein a certain distance is kept between the two pulley risers 312 for placing the wheel hub 315, and connecting holes are formed in corresponding positions of the two pulley risers 312 so that the wheel axle 314 can pass through; the wheel hub 315 is placed in a gap between the two pulley vertical plates 312, the wheel shaft 314 penetrates through a shaft hole in the wheel hub 315 and connecting holes of the two pulley vertical plates 312 simultaneously to be connected into a whole, the wheel shaft is connected and fixed with the wheel shaft 314 through the wheel shaft connecting plate 313, the wheel shaft connecting plate 313 is fixed on the outer sides of the two pulley vertical plates 312, the wheel shaft connecting plate 313 and the two pulley vertical plates 312 can be fixed through bolt connection through welding, and therefore the first sliding wheel 31 is formed. Meanwhile, the surface of the hub 315 is in contact with the first slide rail 8, and the hub 315 rotates around the axle 314 and rolls along the first slide rail 8, thereby driving the vertical beam 34 to translate.
Continuing with fig. 3-5, the first slide rail 8 may be directly fixed on the ground, such that the first slide rail 8 is raised above the ground, or a corresponding groove is formed on the ground, and the first slide rail 8 is fixed in the groove. Specifically, the hub 315 of the first sliding wheel 31 is configured as a flat surface, and the first sliding rail 8 is provided with a groove corresponding to the surface of the hub 315, so that the hub 315 rolls along the groove on the first sliding rail 8; or, the first slide rail 8 is set to be a flat surface, and an annular groove corresponding to the first slide rail 8 is formed on the surface of the hub 315, so that the groove of the hub 315 is in contact with the first slide rail and rotates along the slide rail. In another possible way, at least two grooves or protrusions are uniformly formed on the surface of the hub 315, and protrusions or grooves corresponding to the hub 315 are uniformly formed on the first slide rail 8, so that the first slide rail 8 and the hub 315 are firmly contacted. It can be understood that the grooves are provided on the first slide rail 8 or the hub 315, and how many grooves are provided on the first slide rail 8 and the hub 315 can be set according to practical situations, which only needs to be satisfied to enable the first slide rail 8 and the hub 315 to firmly contact and enable the hub 315 to roll along the first slide rail 8, which is only used as an exemplary illustration and is not a specific limitation to the embodiment.
Specifically, when the first slide rail 8 is fixed, the first slide rail 8 may be directly fixed to the ground, or the first slide rail 8 may be fixed to the slide rail connecting plate 81, and then the slide rail connecting plate 81 may be fixed to the ground, so that the first slide rail may be effectively fixed by the slide rail connecting plate 81. When the first slide rail 8 is arranged, the first slide rail 8 can be made of a square metal piece, the first slide rail 8 can be made of a triangular metal piece, and meanwhile, the hub 315 is provided with a corresponding square or triangular groove. It will be appreciated what type of first track is selected, and what type of groove is provided on the setting hub 315, for example: the square groove, the triangular groove, etc. are not specifically limited herein, and it is only necessary to satisfy the requirement of enabling the first slide rail 8 to be in effective contact with the first sliding wheel 31.
Specifically, an anti-slip coating is provided on the surface of the first slide rail 8 and/or the hub 315 of the first slide wheel 31 to increase the friction therebetween. The first slide rail 8 is made of square steel, angle steel, I-shaped steel, channel steel, H-shaped steel or U-shaped steel.
Specifically, the vertical beams 34, the long cross beams 32, and the wide oblique beams 33 are made of section steel, which are respectively connected by welding or bolts to constitute a framework. The section steel can be a metal part such as I-steel, channel steel, angle steel, flat steel and the like, the framework 3 can be made of one section steel, and the framework 3 can also be made of a combination of multiple section steels.
Specifically, the framework 3 is a framework structure formed by welding or bolt connection of I-beams, four I-beams which are sequentially connected are arranged on the upper portion of the framework 3 in the horizontal direction, the four I-beams are vertically arranged at the positions of I-beam connection points in the horizontal direction to support the I-beams in the horizontal direction, and the I-beams in the horizontal direction are perpendicular to the I-beams in the vertical direction. Wherein, four I-steel of horizontal direction enclose into closed rectangle, and the cross-sectional area of rectangle is greater than the cross-sectional area of parking the vehicle to make the vehicle of parking can park in the skeleton 3 that forms completely. The four vertical section steels are the same in length, the upper ends of the four vertical section steels are respectively connected with the horizontal section steel, the lower ends of the four vertical section steels are provided with first sliding wheels 31, angle steels are arranged below the first sliding wheels 31 and fixed on the ground to form first sliding rails 8. The first pulley 31 is provided with a groove opposite to the angle steel to roll along the angle steel.
Specifically, the pulley connecting plate 311 and the vertical beam connecting plate 341 are steel plates of the same size, threaded holes are formed in positions opposite to each other, the pulley connecting plate 311 and the vertical beam connecting plate are fixed through bolts and nuts, two steel pulley vertical plates 312 which are arranged oppositely are welded at the middle position of the lower portion of the pulley connecting plate 311, and a certain gap is kept between the two pulley vertical plates 312. An axle center of a hub 315 of the first sliding wheel 31 is provided with an unthreaded hole, an axle 314 is a cylindrical metal piece corresponding to the axle center unthreaded hole of the hub 315, the hub 315 is arranged in a gap of the pulley risers 312, the two pulley risers 312 are provided with unthreaded holes at opposite positions, the axle 314 simultaneously passes through the unthreaded holes on the two pulley risers 312 and the unthreaded hole at the axle center of the hub 315, so that the hub 315 is fixed between the two pulley risers 312; meanwhile, both ends of the axle 314 are respectively provided with threads, the axle connecting plates 313 are metal plates, the middle parts of the axle connecting plates are provided with unthreaded holes corresponding to the threads of the axle 314, so that the axle 314 passes through the unthreaded holes, both ends of the axle 314 are respectively fixed with the two axle connecting plates 313 into a whole through nuts, the unthreaded holes are arranged at corresponding positions between the axle connecting plates 313 and the pulley vertical plates 312, and the axle connecting plates 313 and the pulley vertical plates 312 are fixed into a whole through bolts and nuts. Meanwhile, two sides of the hub 315 can be respectively provided with a blocking piece, and the blocking pieces are sleeved on the wheel shaft 314 to prevent the hub 315 from sliding left and right between the two pulley risers 312, and prevent the hub 315 from contacting the pulley risers 312, so that the rotation of the hub 315 is influenced.
With continued reference to fig. 1, the framework 3 is provided with a driving device 7, and the framework 3 is driven to translate by the driving device 7. Specifically, the driving device 7 includes a first driving unit 71, and the first driving unit 71 is disposed on the vertical beam 34, connected to the first sliding wheel 31, and drives the first sliding wheel 31 to rotate through the first driving unit 71.
Specifically, the first driving unit 71 includes a driving motor, and the driving motor is connected to the first pulley 31 through a belt, a chain, or a gear. The driving motor is provided with gears or belt rollers, the first sliding wheel 31 is provided with corresponding gears or belt rollers, the two gears or belt rollers are connected together through a chain or a belt, or the gears of the driving motor are directly connected with the gears on the first sliding wheel 31, and the framework is driven to move through the conduction of driving force. The drive motor is connected to at least one first pulley 31. The driving motor may be disposed on only one vertical beam 34 to drive one first sliding wheel 31 to rotate, or the driving motors may be disposed on at least two vertical beams 34 respectively and connected to the corresponding first sliding wheels 31 on the vertical beams 34 respectively to drive the framework 3 to move in a horizontal direction.
It can be understood that the number of the driving motors can be set according to actual conditions, and the driving motors only need to drive the framework 3 to translate.
Continuing to refer to fig. 1, the framework 3 is provided with an upper tray 1, and the framework 3 is internally provided with a lower tray 2. Specifically, the upper tray 1 is arranged on a beam of the framework 3 and is connected with the beam through a lifting device 5.
Specifically, the lifting device 5 is provided on the long beam 32 and connected to the upper tray 1 by a wire rope. Specifically, the lifting device 5 is fixed on the long beam 32, and the steel wire rope is connected with the upper tray 1 through the pulling of the lifting device 5 so as to drive the upper tray 1 to vertically move. The lifting device 5 comprises a winch and a roller, the upper layer tray 1 is connected with the winch through a steel wire rope, the roller is arranged on the long beam 32 and is in slidable contact with the steel wire rope so that the steel wire rope slides along the roller, and the steel wire rope is rolled by the winch to pull the upper layer tray 1 to vertically move in the framework 3. Specifically, upper tray 1 is square board, and it can be metal sheet or plastic slab, and the metal sheet or the plastic slab that select for use all need satisfy and can bear the vehicle of placing on it, and the cross-sectional area more than or equal to of square board parks each tire of vehicle and connects gradually the area of the square cross section of formation, and it can be understood that square board is used for placing the vehicle of parking, and it only need satisfy can place the vehicle of parking in its upside can.
Specifically, two winches are respectively fixed on the two long beams 32, the two winches are arranged on the same side of the two long beams 32, and the two winches work synchronously to drive the upper tray 1 to lift. Each winch is fixedly connected with one side of the square plate through two steel wire ropes, and the four steel wire ropes are uniformly fixedly connected with the edges of the two sides of the square plate. Each winch rolls two corresponding steel wire ropes. Two rollers are arranged on each long beam 32, and the roller is arranged at the joint of the long beam 32 and the steel wire rope, so that the steel wire rope slides along the roller. Alternatively, a winch is provided on any one of the long beams 32, and four wire ropes are driven by one winch. Specifically, a winch and two rollers are arranged on the same long beam 32, two winch rollers are arranged on the long beam 32 on the opposite side of the two rollers, and the two rollers and the two winch rollers respectively pass through two cross shafts and are driven to rotate by the rollers. The winding roller can wind the steel wire rope and rotate synchronously with the roller.
Specifically, a driving motor and a driving shaft may be further disposed on the wide beam 33, the driving shaft is disposed along the wide beam, two ends of the driving shaft are respectively provided with a hoisting roller, the two hoisting rollers are respectively disposed at the cross connection of the long beam 32 and the wide beam 33, the hoisting roller is connected to the upper tray 1 through a steel wire rope, and the hoisting roller rolls the steel wire rope to drive the upper tray to ascend and descend. The driving motor is connected with the driving shaft, and the driving shaft rotates to drive the winding roller to rotate through the driving motor.
The upper tray 1 can also be connected with the wide beam 33 in the same way as the long beam 32, which is not described herein.
It can be understood that a plurality of winches or driving motors are specifically arranged and can be arranged according to actual conditions, and the positions of the winches or the driving motors are required to be matched with the requirements that the upper-layer tray can be driven to lift.
Specifically, the lower tray 2 has the same structure as the upper tray 1, and is also of a square plate structure, and the lower tray 2 is used for placing vehicles parked in the lower layer, and the parts of the lower tray that are the same as those of the upper tray 1 are not described herein. The second slide rail 9 is arranged twice, the second slide rail 9 is uniformly arranged between the first slide rails 8, the lower tray 2 is arranged on the second slide rail 9, the lower tray 2 is connected with the second slide rail 9 through the second slide wheel 21, and the second slide wheel 21 is fixed at the lower part of the lower tray 2 and is connected with the second slide rail 9 in a sliding manner. The number of the second sliding wheels 21 is four, and two second sliding wheels are uniformly arranged above each second sliding rail 9, so that the lower tray 2 is stably placed on the second sliding rails 9 and slides along the second sliding rails 9. The connection modes of the second slide rail 9 and the second slide wheel 21, and the connection mode of the second slide wheel 21 and the lower tray 2 are the same as the connection modes of the first slide rail 8 and the first slide wheel 31, and the connection modes of the first slide wheel 31 and the framework 3, and the structures of the first slide wheel 31 and the second slide wheel 21 are the same, which is not described herein again.
Specifically, the driving device 7 further includes a second driving unit 72, and the second driving unit 72 is provided on the lower tray 2. The second driving unit 72 includes a driving motor, and the driving motor is connected to any one of the second sliding wheels 21, or the driving motor is simultaneously connected to four second sliding wheels 21, or four driving motors are provided, and each driving motor is respectively connected to each second sliding wheel 21. Specifically, a driving motor is connected with the second sliding wheel 21 through a gear or a chain, the driving motor is provided with the gear, the second sliding wheel is provided with the gear, the chain or the gear is used for transmitting the power of the driving motor to the second sliding wheel 21, and the lower layer tray 2 is driven to move horizontally through the rotation of the second sliding wheel 21. The connection manner of the second driving unit 72 and the second sliding wheel 21 is the same as the connection manner of the first driving unit 71 and the first sliding wheel 31, and is not described herein again.
Specifically, the second slide rail 9 may be only provided with one path and disposed at the center line of the lower tray 2, at least two driven wheels are respectively and uniformly disposed on two sides of the lower tray 2 parallel to the second slide rail 9 to support the lower tray 2, the driven wheels directly contact with the ground, and slide on the ground along the direction in which the second slide rail 9 is disposed, and at least one second slide wheel 21 is disposed on the lower tray 2 and driven by the second driving unit 72. When the second slide rail only sets up one, can also set up second slide rail 9 in one side of lower tray 2, set up two at least follow driving wheels in the relative one side of second slide rail 9.
It can be understood that the lower tray is provided with a plurality of driving motors or second sliding wheels, and the lower tray can be arranged according to actual requirements, and only the requirement that the lower tray can be driven to drive the lower vehicle to translate is met.
Specifically, the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 are both disposed in a direction perpendicular to the parking direction, and therefore the frame 3, the upper tray 1, and the lower tray 2 are all translated in the same direction as the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9, and it can be understood that the frame 3, the upper tray 1, and the lower tray 2 all slide in the direction of the side of the parked vehicle, that is, the side-shifting parking apparatus. The distance between the framework 3 and the upper layer tray 1 is larger than the width of the vehicle, so that the vehicle can pass through the upper and lower layer tray 1 without obstruction. It will be appreciated that the connecting cables of the upper pallet 1 to the framework 3 must not interfere with the parking of the vehicle on the upper pallet 1.
Specifically, first slide rail 8 and second slide rail 9 are direct and ground contact, when setting up first slide rail 8 and second slide rail 9, can be subaerial direct corresponding set up first slide rail 8 and second slide rail 9 to corresponding setting up skeleton 3, upper tray 1 and lower floor's tray 2, or offer the recess corresponding with first slide rail 8 and second slide rail 9 in subaerial corresponding position, fix first slide rail 8 and second slide rail 9 in the recess, the width of recess is greater than the width of movable pulley, so that above-mentioned parking equipment can slide on first slide rail 8 and second slide rail 9.
Specifically, the positions at the two ends of the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 are respectively provided with a stopper so as to prevent the framework 3 and the lower tray 2 from sliding out of the slide rails during translation, and the framework and the lower tray are enabled to safely translate on the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 by arranging the stoppers.
Specifically, the length of the framework 3 is greater than that of the parked vehicle, so that the parked vehicle can slide laterally, and the width of the framework is greater than that of the parked vehicle, so that the parked vehicle can be directly driven out of or into the upper-layer tray 1 or the lower-layer tray 2 of the parking device, and the parked vehicle can be parked. The lengths of the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 are equal, the lengths of the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 are at least twice the width of the framework 3, when one side of the framework 3 is in contact with one ends of the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9, one vehicle can be parked again at the distance between the other ends of the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 and the other side of the framework 3, namely, one vehicle can be parked in the framework inner space, two vehicles can be parked on the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 simultaneously, and through the arrangement mode of the parking equipment, the two vehicles can be parked in the parking equipment simultaneously in a way that the upper-layer tray 1 on the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 vertically moves, the framework 3 horizontally moves and the lower-layer tray 2 horizontally moves. The lengths of the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9, and the number of the frames 3 can also be lengthened to increase the number of vehicles that can be parked.
It can be understood that the length and width of the framework 3 are properly larger than those of a parked vehicle, and only the requirement that the vehicle can be completely parked inside the framework 3 is met, and it should be noted that the size of the framework 3 can be processed according to the different application fields or application environments, for example, when the framework is applied to parking a common vehicle, the size of the framework 3 only needs to be enough to park the common vehicle, and when the framework is applied to parking a special vehicle (an elongated or mini vehicle, etc.), the framework 3 can be manufactured according to the size of the special vehicle.
Specifically, the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 are arranged in the above manner, the framework 3 is manufactured, the upper tray 1 is arranged on the framework 3, the lower tray 2 is arranged on the second slide rail 9, and the vehicle can be parked after the parking equipment is manufactured. Parking equipment sets up in parking area, sets up an operation area side by side in the adjacent one side in parking area, and parking area and operation area's size is the same, and is the same with the size of 3 cross sections of skeleton so that skeleton 3 can place above that. The operation area is a vehicle passing area. The first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 simultaneously pass through a parking area and an operation area, the parking area is used for simultaneously placing the framework 9 and the lower tray 2 to park vehicles, and the operation area is used for enabling the vehicles to be parked or driven away to respectively drive on and off the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2. When parking equipment is used for parking vehicles, when the vehicles are parked to the lower layer, the framework 3 is placed in a parking area, the lower layer tray is translated to an operation area, the vehicles are placed on the lower layer tray, and then the lower layer tray and the vehicles are translated to the parking area; when the upper tray parks the vehicle, with skeleton 3 from parking area translation to operation area, make upper tray 1 descend to the position of operation area with ground contact, place the vehicle on upper tray 1, the vehicle stops steady back personnel and keeps away from the vehicle, promotes upper tray 1 together with the vehicle to the stop position of skeleton 3 upside, in translating skeleton 3 to parking area, accomplishes the parking of vehicle. Similarly, when it is desired to drive the vehicle away from the parking apparatus, the vehicle may be driven away from the parking apparatus by a procedure reverse to the above-described procedure for parking the vehicle.
It can be understood by those skilled in the art that, by means of the independent operation of the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2, the parking and the driving of the vehicles are performed, so that the independent parking and the driving of the upper vehicle and the lower vehicle are realized, and the parking apparatus can simultaneously park two vehicles, thereby saving the space required for parking.
In a possible implementation manner based on the foregoing embodiment, refer to fig. 6, which is a schematic plan view illustrating a first slide rail and a second slide rail of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention are arranged along a parking direction. Unlike the above-described embodiment, the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 are provided in the parking direction in the present embodiment. The first slide rail 8 is arranged along the parking direction, the first slide rail 8 is arranged twice, the first slide rail 8 is arranged at the positions of two side faces of a parked vehicle in a relatively parallel mode, the second slide rail 9 is uniformly arranged between the two first slide rails 8, and the second slide rail 9 is arranged in a relatively parallel mode with the first slide rails 8. Skeleton 3 sets up on first slide rail 8 to slide along first slide rail 8, the length of first slide rail 8 is the twice of skeleton 3 length, and first slide rail 8 is the same with the length of second slide rail 9. The framework 3 is provided with an upper layer tray 1, and the upper layer vehicle is parked through the lifting of the upper layer tray 1. The second slide rail 9 is provided with a lower tray 2, and the lower tray 2 drives the vehicle parked on the lower layer to move horizontally. The structure, connection mode and driving mode of the first slide rail 8, the second slide rail 9, the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2 in this embodiment are the same as those described in the above embodiment, and are not described herein again.
In the parking apparatus of the present embodiment, only the first slide rail 8 may be provided, and the second slide rail 9 and the lower tray are not provided, and the vehicle parked in the lower layer directly contacts with the ground to be parked in the framework 3, and the vehicle parked in the lower layer may directly enter or exit from the interior of the framework 3 to be parked to a predetermined parking position of the vehicle in the lower layer.
Specifically, when the parking apparatus according to the present embodiment is applied, the first slide rail 8 is disposed along the parking direction, the framework 3 is similarly disposed on the first slide rail along the parking direction, and the upper tray 1 is disposed on the framework 3. Along the direction that sets up of first slide rail 8, the district between two first slide rails 8 evenly divide into parking area and operation area, and wherein, the ground position of parking area places lower floor's vehicle, and the top of parking area lower floor's vehicle is through upper tray 1 place the upper vehicle. When parking the vehicle, directly drive into the parking district with lower floor's vehicle, place upper tray 1 in the operation area along parking direction slip skeleton 3, the vehicle is placed on upper tray 1, promotes upper tray 1, with 3 translations of skeleton to the parking district, accomplish the parking of vehicle. When the vehicles are extracted, the parked vehicles can be taken out respectively according to the reverse steps during parking.
It can be understood that the setting direction of the first slide rail 8 determines the translation direction of the framework 3, and the setting direction of the first slide rail 8 can be set according to actual requirements, for example, the size of an area where parking equipment is set, after different translation directions of the framework 3 are set, whether the lower-layer tray 2 is set or not, and also set according to actual requirements, when the framework 3 slides laterally, a lower-layer vehicle cannot directly enter, so that the lower-layer tray 2 needs to be set to facilitate parking of the lower-layer vehicle; and when sliding the skeleton 3 along the parking direction, lower floor's vehicle can directly drive into parking position, consequently can not set up lower floor's tray 2, need explain that, can set up lower floor's tray 2 and carry out the vehicle parking this moment equally to make lower floor's vehicle can be fast convenient place in skeleton 3. The parking equipment is provided with the slide rails, the framework 3 and the tray to park the vehicle, so that the vehicle can be conveniently parked, the time consumed by parking is saved, and meanwhile, a plurality of vehicles can be vertically parked at the same position, and the parking space is further saved; and the parking efficiency is further improved by the way that the upper and lower layer vehicles are respectively parked and extracted, and the condition that the upper and lower layer vehicles are mutually influenced is avoided.
In another possible implementation manner of the above implementation manner, reference is made to fig. 7 and fig. 8, which are a side view and a top view of a rotatable sliding rail of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, respectively. In the present embodiment, the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 are rotatable slide rails. The first slide rail 8 includes: a fifth driving unit 75, a rotating member 84, a driving wheel 82 and a driven wheel 83, wherein the fifth driving unit 75 is disposed at one end of the first slide rail 8, the driving wheel 82 is disposed at the end of the first slide rail 8 on the same side as the fifth driving unit 75, is connected with the fifth driving unit 75, and drives the driving wheel 82 to rotate through the fifth driving unit 75; a plurality of driven wheels 83 are arranged and evenly arranged along the arrangement direction of the first slide rail; the other end of the first slide rail 8 is provided with a driven wheel 83, and the rotating member 84 is wound around the periphery of the driven wheel 83 and the driving wheel 82 arranged at the end, and the driving wheel 82 rotates to drive the rotating member 84 and the driven wheel 83 to rotate. The driving wheels 82 and the driven wheels 83 are evenly arranged side by side along the same horizontal direction, at least one driving wheel is arranged, and a plurality of driven wheels are arranged. The rotation member 84 has a closed loop shape, and encloses the driving pulley 82 and the plurality of driven pulleys 83 therein, and is in contact with the surfaces of the driving pulley 82 and the driven pulleys 83. Two ends of the first slide rail 8 are respectively provided with a stopper 81 to prevent the framework 3 from sliding out of the first slide rail 8, wherein one stopper is arranged between the fifth driving unit 75 and the framework 3 to prevent the framework 3 from contacting with a slide rail motor, thereby causing damage to the fifth driving unit 75.
Specifically, the fifth driving unit 75 is a slide rail motor, and the slide rail motor is disposed above the driving wheel. The slide rail motor and the driving wheel 82 can be connected through a belt or a chain, a gear or a belt shaft is arranged on the slide rail motor, a corresponding gear or a belt shaft is arranged on the driving wheel 82 and connected through the chain or the belt, and therefore the slide rail motor drives the driving wheel 82 to rotate.
Specifically, when the first slide rail 8 is disposed, two pulley connecting plates 85 are disposed oppositely, and two pulley connecting plates 85 are uniformly provided with opposite connecting holes for respectively placing and fixing the driving wheel 82 and the driven wheel 83, and meanwhile, the stopper 81 is fixed on the pulley connecting plate 85. The rotating member 84 comprises a belt, and after the driving wheel 82 and the driven wheel 83 are connected with the pulley connecting plate 85, the belt is sleeved on the driving wheel 82 and the driven wheel 83, and the framework 3 is driven to translate through the rotation of the belt.
Correspondingly, the contact position of the framework 3 and the first slide rail 8 is correspondingly set, wherein the framework 3 is connected with the rotating piece 84, and the framework 3 is driven to translate through the rotating piece 84. Specifically, the framework 3 is connected with the rotating member 84 in a contact manner, and the framework 3 is directly placed on the rotating member, or the framework 3 is connected with two end portions of the same first sliding rail 8 through a sliding rail contact beam 36, the sliding rail contact beam 36 is in contact with the rotating member 84, and the rotating member 84 drives the sliding rail contact beam 36 to translate, so that the framework 3 is driven to translate.
Further, the rotating member 84 may be a belt or a chain. The driving wheel 82 and the driven wheel 83 are provided with rotating shafts or gears corresponding to a belt or a chain, so that the driving wheel 82 drives the driven wheel 83 to rotate through the belt or the chain. Above-mentioned skeleton 3 and when rotating 84 contact, the bottom of skeleton can set up to the plane corresponding with the belt, drives skeleton 3 translation through the frictional force between belt and the plane, perhaps, the bottom mounting gear that does not rotate of skeleton 3 to make the chain drive its translation, equally, slide rail contact roof beam 36 of skeleton 3 also can be dull and stereotyped or fixed and the corresponding non-rotatable gear of chain.
Similarly, the arrangement mode and structure of the second slide rail 9 and the lower tray 2 are the same as the arrangement mode, i.e., structure, of the first slide rail and the framework, and those skilled in the art can perform the above arrangement on the second slide rail 9 and the lower tray 2 in the same manner, which is not described herein again. Simultaneously, the above-mentioned quantity that sets up from driving wheel 83 can set up according to actual conditions, and it can to drive belt or chain rotation only to need to satisfy from driving wheel 83 to drive 3 translations of skeleton, can bear the weight of skeleton 3, tray and vehicle simultaneously can.
Based on another possible implementation manner of the above implementation manner, in the present implementation manner, the surfaces of the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2 are provided with anti-slip layers, so as to prevent the framework 3 and the trays from slipping off during the moving process of the vehicle, so as to avoid damage to the parking equipment and the vehicle, and avoid injury to personnel. The anti-slip layer can be made of epoxy resin anti-slip materials or materials with anti-slip performance such as rubber and the like directly coated on the surface layer of the tray. When the anti-skid layer is arranged, the surface of the tray can be arranged to be of a concave-convex structure, namely concave-convex grooves or convex points are uniformly arranged on the surface of the tray side by side, so that the friction force between the wheels and the tray is increased.
Furthermore, the upper side surfaces of the upper layer tray and the lower layer tray are provided with blocking parts, the blocking parts are arranged with the front wheels or the rear wheels when the vehicle is parked, and one or two blocking parts are arranged along the vertical direction of the parking direction. When one is arranged, the width of the blocking piece is the same as that of the tray; when two sets of the blocking parts are arranged on two sides of the tray respectively, and the two blocking parts are arranged on the same axis and used for forming an obstacle to block the front wheel or the rear wheel of the vehicle from continuing to rotate forwards. The position that stops the locomotive or the parking stall of setting up at upper tray 1, lower floor's tray 2 prevents that the vehicle from directly opening the parking position when the vehicle drives in forward or backs a car and gets into the dish, prevents simultaneously that tray or skeleton 3 from removing at the in-process vehicle that removes. The blocking piece is a tubular piece or a plate-shaped piece which is welded or fixed on the upper side surface of the tray through bolts, and can be integrally formed with the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2.
Further, the side of the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2, where the vehicle enters and/or leaves, is provided with a slope member, or the slope members are arranged on both sides, and the slope members are connected with the side edges of the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2 and fixed with the side edges of the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2 through welding or bolt connection. The ramp member may be made of the same material as the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2. The length of the ramp is the same as the width of the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art why the ramp member may be provided in a variety of configurations or shapes that are sufficient to support and facilitate the movement of a vehicle up and down the tray.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a chain type lifting device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. In the present embodiment, the upper tray 1 is connected to a cross member by a lifting device 5 to drive the upper tray 1 to be lifted. The lifting device 5 may be a chain type lifting device, which is formed by four chain lifting members 51 cooperating with each other, wherein two chain lifting members 51 are fixed on one long beam 32, the other two chain lifting members 51 are fixed on the other long beam 32, and the four chain lifting members 51 are arranged oppositely. The chain lifting member 51 is vertically arranged to the long beam 32, and its upper end is connected to the long beam 32 and its lower end is connected to the ground. The chain lifting element 51 comprises a driving machine 517, a support column 514 and a chain wheel 513, wherein the support column 514 is made of profile steel, the upper end of the support column 514 is connected with the long beam 32 through welding or bolts, and the lower end of the support column is fixed on the ground; the upper end and the lower end of the support column 514 are respectively provided with a chain wheel 513, the chain wheels 513 are fixed on the support column 514 through a connecting shaft 510, the connecting shaft 510 is welded or bolted together with the support column 514, and the chain wheels 513 rotate along the connecting shaft 510; the chain 512 is wound on the two chain wheels 513, and the two chain wheels 513 rotate synchronously through the chain 512; a first gear 515 is further arranged on the connecting shaft 510 at the upper side in a penetrating manner, and the driving gear 515 and the chain wheel 513 are arranged side by side and fixed into a whole; the driving machine 517 is fixed on the long beam 32 and connected with the first gear 515 through the gear 516, and the second gear 516 is sleeved on the rotating shaft 511 of the driving machine 517, so as to drive the chain gear 513 to rotate and drive the chain 512 to rotate. The relative position of upper tray 1 and chain lift 51 sets up four spliced poles 12 respectively, and four spliced poles 12 are connected fixedly as an organic whole with the chain 512 of chain lift 51 respectively, and accessible welding or ligature connection are fixed. Thereby driving the chain 512 to rotate through the driving machine 516, so as to drive the upper layer tray 1 to lift. The driving machine 517 is a braking speed reducing motor, and the four chain lifting pieces 51 work synchronously. Specifically, four chain lifters 51 are provided on opposite inner or outer sides of the two long cross members 32. Wherein, the distance between the two chain lifting pieces 51 under the same long beam 32 is longer than the length of the parked vehicle, so as to avoid blocking the translation of the lower tray 2. In particular, the chain-type lifting device can also be arranged on the wide beam 33 in the same manner. It can be understood that the chain type lifting device is arranged on the long beam 32 or the wide beam 33, and can be arranged according to actual conditions, and only the requirement that the chain type lifting device can drive the upper layer tray 1 to lift is met.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a guide rail type lifting device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. In the above embodiment, the lifting device 5 may be a rail-type lifting device 52, and the rail-type lifting device 52 includes: the tray comprises four guide rails 520, a guide rail driving motor 521 and a tray frame 524, wherein the four guide rails 520 are respectively arranged along the vertical beams 34 and are connected with the vertical beams 34 through welding or bolts, the guide rails 520 are oppositely arranged at the opposite inner sides of the vertical beams 34 at the lower sides of the two long beams 32 or the two wide beams 33, and the upper-layer tray 1 is simultaneously connected with the four guide rails 520 through connecting columns 525 so as to vertically move along the guide rails 520; the guide rail frame 524 is connected and fixed with the four corners of the upper tray 1 into a whole, a connecting hook 522 is arranged at the center of the upper part of the guide rail frame 524, and a vehicle can pass between the lower side of the guide rail frame 524 and the upper tray 1; the guide rail driving motor 521 is arranged above the connecting hook 522, the connecting beam is fixed between the two long beams 32 or the wide beams 33 and used for placing the guide rail driving motor 521, the guide rail driving motor 521 is fixed on the connecting beam and is connected with the connecting hook 522 through a connecting steel wire 523, and the guide rail driving motor 521 rotates through the connecting steel wire 523 in a rolling mode to lift the upper-layer tray 1. The rail driving motor 521 may be a hoist. The guide rails 520 may also be provided on the inside of the opposite vertical beams 34 on the underside of the wide beam 33. Specifically, the guide rail 520 may be a combination of a channel and a guide wheel. The distance between the both edges of channel-section steel is greater than the external diameter of guide rail wheel, and the channel-section steel is the same with the mode of setting up of guide rail, and the recess of two relative channel-section steels sets up relatively, and the guide rail wheel is fixed respectively in the relative position of the recess of upper tray four corners and channel-section steel, and the guide rail wheel slides along the both edges inboard of channel-section steel.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a hydraulic lifting device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. In the above embodiment, the lifting device 5 may be a hydraulic lifting device 53, and the hydraulic lifting device 53 may include: the lifting device comprises an L-shaped connecting piece 531 and a synchronous lifting mechanism, wherein the synchronous lifting mechanism comprises a synchronous pump station 532, a hydraulic oil cylinder 533 and a hydraulic hose 534, and the synchronous pump station 532 can provide equal-volume hydraulic oil for multiple hydraulic pipelines in the same unit time, so that high-precision synchronous lifting is realized; four hydraulic oil cylinders 533 are arranged and connected with the L-shaped connecting piece 531, and the hydraulic oil cylinders 533 are main execution elements and are used for jacking or descending according to a system instruction of the synchronous pump station 532; the hydraulic hose 534 is provided with four hydraulic hoses which are respectively connected with the synchronous pump station 532 and the four hydraulic cylinders 533 and used for carrying out hydraulic oil conveying of the synchronous system. The synchronous pumping station 532 is arranged on the vertical beam 34 or the cross beam and is connected with the hydraulic oil cylinder 533 through a hydraulic hose 534, so that the synchronous jacking system and the parking equipment move synchronously. The sync pump station 532 may also be located on the ground on one side of the parking facility.
Specifically, the L-shaped connectors 531 are fixed to the vertical beams 34, and the four L-shaped connectors 531 are disposed opposite to each other. One side edge of the L-shaped connecting member 531 is vertically connected and fixed with the vertical beam 34, the other horizontal side edge is used for placing and fixing a hydraulic oil cylinder 533, and the L-shaped connecting member 531 is arranged at the bottom end of the vertical beam 34; the four hydraulic oil cylinders 533 are fixedly connected with the four corners of the upper tray 1 respectively, the upper sides of the hydraulic oil cylinders 533 are fixedly connected with the upper tray, the lower sides of the hydraulic oil cylinders 533 are fixedly connected with the horizontal edge plates of the L-shaped connecting pieces 531, the hydraulic oil cylinders 533 and the synchronous pump station 532 are connected into a whole through hydraulic hoses 534, and the four hydraulic oil cylinders 533 are enabled to work synchronously by controlling the synchronous pump station 532 so as to lift or lower the upper tray 1.
It can be understood that, when each lifting device described in the above embodiments is disposed, whether the first slide rail 8 is disposed along the parking direction or along the vertical direction of the parking direction, each lifting device does not affect the movement of the framework 3, and does not affect the parking of the vehicle in the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2. A person skilled in the art will know how to adjust each lifting device or change the size of the framework 3 to realize the above technical solution through the above description of the embodiments.
In another possible embodiment of the above-described embodiment, continuing to refer to fig. 1, in this embodiment the parking installation further comprises a fall arrest device 6. The anti-falling device 6 can be a chain hoist type anti-falling device, and the number of the anti-falling devices is four, and the anti-falling devices are respectively connected with the positions, close to four corners, of the upper-layer tray 1 and the cross beams so as to prevent the upper-layer tray 1 from falling. Specifically, one connecting end of the falling protector is fixed on the long beam 32 or the wide beam 33, the other connecting end is connected and fixed with the upper-layer tray 1, and the falling speed difference of the upper-layer tray 1 is automatically controlled through the characteristics of the falling protector, so that the upper-layer tray 1 is prevented from falling when the lifting device 5 fails.
Based on the above embodiment, in this embodiment, the fall preventing devices 6 may be four short plate type fall preventing devices, which are respectively disposed at positions close to four corners of the upper tray 1. Short board formula anti-falling device includes: the device comprises a fixing mechanism, a driving mechanism and an anti-falling mechanism; the fixing mechanism is fixed on the long beam 32 and used for fixing the driving mechanism and the anti-falling mechanism, and the driving mechanism and the anti-falling mechanism are respectively fixed on the same side of the long beam 32; the driving mechanism is used for driving the anti-falling mechanism, and the anti-falling mechanism is driven to rotate through the driving mechanism after the upper-layer tray 1 of the parking equipment is lifted so as to protect the upper-layer tray 1; one end of the anti-falling mechanism is fixed on the fixing mechanism and is connected with the driving mechanism in a rotatable mode. After the upper tray 1 rises, the other end of the anti-falling mechanism rotates to the lower side of the upper tray to prevent the upper tray 1 from falling after the connecting piece between the lifting device of the upper tray 1 and the upper tray 1 is disconnected.
Specifically, the anti-falling mechanism includes: the connecting member is vertically arranged, at least two bearings are sleeved at one end of the connecting member, a first gear is sleeved between the bearings, and the bearings are fixed through a fixing mechanism and connected with the gear through a driving mechanism so as to drive the connecting member to rotate; one end of the first protection plate is vertically connected with the other end of the connecting member to form an L-shaped structure, and the first protection plate and the connecting member rotate synchronously. When the upper tray 1 descends, the first protection plate rotates to a position parallel to the upper cross beam so that the upper tray 1 descends smoothly, and when the upper tray 1 ascends to a designated position, the first protection plate rotates to the lower side of the upper tray 1. Specifically, when the upper-layer tray 1 starts to descend, the first protection plate rotates to a position parallel to the cross beam; after the upper tray 1 rises, the first protection plate rotates 90 degrees to the lower side of the tray, and the upper tray 1 is protected.
Specifically, the fixing mechanism further includes: a fixing plate and a fastener; one side surface of the fixed plate is connected with the cross beam, and the other side surface of the fixed plate is used for fixing the driving mechanism and the anti-falling mechanism; the fastener is used for fixing the bearing on the fixed plate. The fixing plate is a square metal plate, four threaded holes are formed in four corners of the metal plate, the same threaded holes are formed in the positions, opposite to the long cross beam 32, of the four threaded holes, the fixing plate and the cross beam are connected into a whole through bolts of corresponding types, or unthreaded holes are formed in the positions, corresponding to the long cross beam 32, of the fixing plate, and the fixing plate and the cross beam are fixed together through nuts and bolts; meanwhile, corresponding threaded holes are formed in other positions on the fixing plate, the driving mechanism and the anti-falling mechanism are directly fixed through bolts, or corresponding unthreaded holes are formed in other positions on the fixing plate, and the driving mechanism and the anti-falling mechanism are fixed through bolts and nuts. Specifically, the buckle piece is an arc component corresponding to the shape of the bearing, the bearing can be wrapped and fixed on the fixing plate, the threaded holes are formed in the two ends of the buckle piece, and the bearing is fixed on the fixing plate in a bolt fixing mode.
Specifically, the drive mechanism includes: a motor, a switch and a second gear; the second gear is sleeved on the rotating shaft of the motor and is connected with the first gear; the motor is fixed on the fixing plate and used for driving the second gear to drive the first gear to synchronously rotate; the switch is connected with the motor through a connecting wire and used for controlling the motor to rotate, and the switch is arranged on a vertical beam of the parking equipment. Specifically, the driving mechanism is used for driving the anti-falling mechanism to rotate; through setting up a motor that has the second gear for the second gear and the first gear phase-match of setting on the connecting axle, the rotation through on-off control motor is in order to drive connecting elements and rotate, and drive by connecting elements and rotate rather than the first guard plate of perpendicular connection, thereby reach and carry out the protective effect to upper tray 1.
Specifically, the switch is a control element, and it is mainly connected through the control line with the motor, and its specific connected mode is not repeated herein in detail, and the connected mode of switch and motor is not limited to wired connection's mode, and it can also be connected through wireless connection's mode, and specific implementation mode is installed according to actual operation and is gone on, and the skilled person in the art can understand that, the switch only need satisfy can control the motor can, and simultaneously, the connected mode of the specific power cord of motor does not do specific explanation here, and the skilled person in the art can specifically realize according to prior art means.
Through the anti-falling device who sets up rotatable L type structure, after parking equipment's upper tray 1 rises, will prevent that the first guard plate of mechanism rotates the downside to upper tray 1 to carry out effectual protection to it, prevent accident's emergence, thereby the effectual emergence that has reduced because parking equipment breaks down and exhales the accident of parking equipment when damaging.
Based on the above embodiment, in the present embodiment, the fall preventing device may also be a long plate type fall preventing device.
It is understood that the parts of the long plate type fall preventing device in this embodiment which are the same as those in the above embodiment are not described again. The long-plate type anti-falling device of the present embodiment is different from the short-plate type anti-falling device in that the width of the first protection plate of the anti-falling mechanism is greater than or equal to the width of the parking equipment, and a protection plate connecting member is provided on the other long beam 32 at a position opposite to the first protection plate. The upper end of the protective plate connecting piece is connected with the long cross beam 32 and is connected into a whole through welding or bolts, a groove corresponding to the first protective plate is formed in the lower end of the protective plate connecting piece, the groove and the first protective plate are in the same horizontal position, and the first protective plate is rotated by 90 degrees and placed in the groove to protect the upper-layer tray 1. The anti-falling device in this embodiment only needs to be provided with two, and is provided with first guard plate and guard plate connecting piece respectively on same long crossbeam 32, and first guard plate and guard plate connecting piece set up relatively.
The anti-falling device in the above embodiment can also be arranged on the wide beam 33, and it can be understood that the arrangement position of the anti-falling device can be set according to actual conditions, and it only needs to satisfy the requirement of being capable of protecting the upper tray 1, and is only described as an example here.
It can be understood that the safety performance of the parking equipment is greatly improved by effectively preventing the damage caused by falling of the vehicle after the lifting device fails.
In another possible implementation manner based on the above embodiment, refer to fig. 12, which is a schematic structural diagram of a third driving unit of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. The parking device further comprises a driving device 7, wherein the driving device 7 comprises a first driving unit 71 and a second driving unit 71, the first driving unit is arranged on the vertical beam 34 and connected with the first sliding wheel 31 to drive the framework 3 to move horizontally; the second driving unit is disposed on the lower tray 2 and connected to the second sliding wheel 21 for driving the lower tray 2 to move horizontally. The first drive unit 71 and the second drive unit 72 are connected to the first pulley 31 and the second pulley 21, respectively, by a chain, a belt, or a gear. Specifically, the first driving unit 71 and the second driving unit 72 include a motor, a motor gear is disposed at an end of a motor rotation shaft, a pulley gear is disposed on the first pulley 31 and the second pulley 21, the motor gear and the pulley gear are directly connected to drive the first pulley 31 and the second pulley 21, or the motor gear and the pulley gear are connected by a corresponding chain to drive the first pulley 31 and the second pulley 21 by the chain, or a motor belt roller is disposed at an end of the motor rotation shaft, corresponding pulley belt rollers are disposed on the first pulley 31 and the second pulley 21, and the motor belt roller and the pulley belt roller are connected by a belt. In this way, the first driving unit 71 and the second driving unit 72 are fixed to the framework 3 and the lower tray 2, respectively, and directly drive the first sliding wheel 31 and the second sliding wheel 21 to rotate.
Specifically, the first driving unit 71 includes two winches, the two winches are respectively fixed at two ends of the first slide rail 8, each winch is connected with the first sliding wheel 31 or the vertical beam 34 closest to the winch through a steel wire, and the two winches work synchronously to pull the framework 3 to move back and forth on the first slide rail 8; the second driving unit 72 includes two winches, each of which is connected to the second pulley 21 closest to the winch or the edge of the lower tray 2 through a steel wire, and the two winches respectively operate to pull the lower tray 2 to move back and forth on the second slide rail 9. Specifically, the steel wire sets up along the slide rail to prevent it from influencing the access of vehicle. It can be understood that at least two or four winches connected with the framework 3 are arranged, and are respectively connected with the first sliding wheel 31 of the framework 3, and the winches on the same side work synchronously; at least two identical winches are arranged and connected with the lower tray 2.
In another possible implementation manner based on the above embodiment, the first driving unit 71 includes a motor, the motor is disposed at any one end of the first slide rail 8, a driven gear is fixed at the other end of the first slide rail 8, the driven gear is fixed on the ground through a metal fixing frame, a driving gear is disposed at an end of a rotating shaft of the motor, the driving gear and the driven gear are connected through an annular chain, and the annular chain is connected and sleeved on the driving gear and the driven gear at the same time, so that the driving gear and the driven gear rotate synchronously; the upside of annular chain with at least one erect firm the being connected in roof beam bottom, drive the chain through driving motor and rotate, and then drive skeleton 3 translation, still can set up corresponding motor and chain structure on another first slide rail 8 to the synchronization action, in order to drive skeleton 3 translation. It will be appreciated that the motor and endless chain arrangement described above may be provided on the second slide rail 9 and the lower tray 2 in the same manner to drive the lower tray 2 to translate.
Specifically, when the hoisting machine driving structure and the motor and the annular chain driving structure are adopted to drive the framework 3 and the lower tray 2, the driving structure can be directly fixed on the ground to work, or corresponding grooves are formed in the ground, and the structure is arranged in the grooves, so that the ground space is saved, and the influence of the structure on vehicle access is prevented.
As shown in fig. 12, the driving device 7 further includes a third driving unit 73, and the third driving unit 73 is disposed on the long beam 32 or the wide beam 33 and connected to the lifting device 5 to provide power for the lifting device 5. Specifically, the lifting device 5 is a wire rope type lifting device, and the wire rope type lifting device is connected with the upper tray 1 to drive the upper tray 1 to lift. The steel wire rope type lifting device comprises four fixed wheels which are uniformly fixed on the long cross beams 32 opposite to the four corners of the upper-layer tray 1 and used for enabling steel wires connected with the upper-layer tray 1 to roll along the long cross beams; the driving wheels are arranged at the crossing positions of the long beams 32 and the vertical beams 34 and are arranged on two cross points at the same ends of the two long beams 32 on the same side respectively, the two driving wheels are connected into a whole through a connecting cross shaft, the middle part of each long beam 32 is provided with a driven wheel, a closed steel wire is enclosed between the driving wheel and the driven wheel, the closed steel wire rotates around the driving wheel and the driven wheel, the connecting steel wire of the upper tray 1 is connected with the closed steel wire along the fixed wheel and synchronously rotates with the closed steel wire to drive the upper tray 1 to lift. The connecting cross shaft penetrates through the wide cross beam 33, a third driving unit 73 is arranged on the wide cross beam 33, the third driving unit 73 comprises a driving motor and a driving shaft, the driving shaft is sleeved on the connecting cross shaft, the driving motor is connected with the driving shaft, and the connecting cross shaft is driven to rotate through the driving shaft of the driving motor.
Specifically, the third driving unit 73 further includes a frame driving shaft and a converter, the frame driving shaft is sleeved on the connecting cross shaft, one end of the frame driving shaft is connected with the converter, the other end of the frame driving shaft is provided with a frame driving wheel, and the frame driving wheel is connected with the first sliding wheel 31 through a moving chain. The connection cross shaft is connected with the converter. The controller is used for controlling the driving shaft to be connected with the framework driving shaft and the connecting cross shaft respectively, specifically, when the upper tray 1 needs to be lifted, the controller is disconnected with the framework driving shaft through the control converter and is connected with the connecting cross shaft so as to drive the upper tray to be lifted, and similarly, the controller is connected with the framework driving shaft through the control converter and is disconnected with the connecting cross shaft so as to drive the framework 3 to move horizontally.
Specifically, the driving device 7 includes a fourth driving unit 74, and the fourth driving unit 74 is disposed on the long beam 32 or the short beam 33 and connected to the fall preventing device 6 to provide a power source for the fall preventing device 6.
It is understood that each driving unit may be provided separately or as a part of each device, and it is only necessary to provide a power source for each device.
In another possible implementation manner based on the above embodiment, refer to fig. 13, which is a schematic connection diagram of a control device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. The parking equipment also comprises a control device 4 which is arranged on any vertical beam 34, and the control device 4 is respectively connected with the lifting device 5, the driving device 7 and the anti-falling device 6 and is used for respectively controlling the actions of the lifting device 5, the driving device 7 and the anti-falling device 6. The control device 4 is a wired control device, and one end thereof is connected to each device through a control wire 43, and the other end thereof is connected to a power supply 44.
Fig. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a control device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. The control device 4 comprises a power supply module 46, a control module 45 and a display module 47, wherein the power supply module 46 is connected with the power supply 44 and the control module 45 at the same time, so as to provide power for the control module 45 and output power required by the lifting device 5, the driving device 7 and the anti-falling device 6 to the control module 45 for processing; one end of the control module 45 is connected with the power module 46, the other end of the control module is connected with the display module 47, and meanwhile, the control module is also connected with the lifting device 5, the driving device 7 and the anti-falling device 6 so as to control power output of all the devices; the display module 47 is used for receiving and displaying the control data output by the control module 45 and the working state of the parking equipment.
Specifically, the control module 45 may be connected to the driving machine of the chain type lifting device or the rail driving machine of the rail type lifting device by a wire, and controls the lifting device 5 by controlling the operating state of each motor. The control module 45 can also be connected with a synchronous pump station of the hydraulic lifting device through a lead, and the working state of the synchronous pump station is controlled through the control module so as to control the hydraulic lifting device. The control module is connected with a slide rail motor of the rotatable slide rail through a lead to respectively control the rotation of the first slide rail and the second slide rail, so as to respectively control the translational motion of the framework and the lower tray. The control module 45 is connected to the motors of the first driving unit 71, the second driving unit 72 and the third driving unit 73, respectively, and controls the first driving unit 71, the second driving unit 72 and the third driving unit 73 by controlling the operating states of the motors.
Specifically, the control module 45 may be connected to a driving mechanism of the short-plate type fall preventing device or the long-plate type fall preventing device through a wire, and controls the fall preventing device by controlling the driving mechanism.
The control device 4 comprises a control box fixed on the vertical beam 34; the power supply module 46 is a power supply connecting plate, a power supply main switch and an over-temperature and over-current protector are arranged on the power supply connecting plate, the power supply main switch controls the communication of a circuit, a binding post is arranged at one end of the power supply connecting plate and is used for being connected with an accessed power supply, the accessed power supply is connected with the control module 45 through the over-temperature and over-current protector, and the over-temperature and over-current protector is used for preventing the power supply current or voltage from being too large and the temperature of each device in the control box from being too high so as to; the control module 45 is a circuit board, each mechanism control rule is arranged in the circuit board, the circuit board is used for shunting and controlling circuits, a plurality of control buttons are arranged on the circuit board, the control buttons are used for controlling the opening and closing of different circuits so as to control each mechanism of the parking equipment, a power supply access end of the circuit board is connected with a power supply connecting plate through an over-temperature over-current protector, a power supply access line passing through the over-temperature over-current protector is connected with the power supply access end, the other end of the circuit board is provided with a current output end corresponding to each mechanism of the parking equipment, the current output end is connected with each mechanism through a lead, and each mechanism works respectively so that the parking equipment can access vehicles; the display module 47 is a display screen, and is connected to the circuit board, and the circuit board inputs the working status data of each mechanism to the display screen for displaying. Specifically, the power supply connecting plate and the circuit board are arranged inside a box body of the control box, and the side wall of the box body is provided with a lead connecting hole for a lead to pass through; control buttons on the power supply connecting plate and the circuit board are respectively exposed out of the surface of the box body, and the display screen and the buttons are arranged on the same side of the box body.
Specifically, the control rule of the circuit board can realize the forward rotation and the reverse rotation of the driving motors of all mechanisms, and meanwhile, the circuit board is also provided with a transformer, and the voltage of an input power supply is changed by adjusting the transformer, so that the rotating speed of all the driving motors is controlled. Meanwhile, the driving motors can realize the actions of back-and-forth translation of the framework, back-and-forth translation of the lower tray, lifting of the upper tray and the like through positive rotation and reverse rotation, so that the parking equipment can efficiently store and take vehicles.
Further, the driving motor is a motor capable of rotating forward and backward. When the parking equipment is connected with each motor through the wires, the wires are laid on the vertical beams or the cross beams according to the trend of the wires, or the wires are connected in the vertical beams and the cross beams in a penetrating mode, so that the influence of the wires on the use of the parking equipment is prevented.
Specifically, be provided with the automatic coiler 41 of cable on the lower extreme of erecting roof beam 34 and lower floor's tray 2, the wire passes through the automatic coiler 41 of cable and is connected with the driving motor of skeleton 3, the driving motor of slide rail and lower floor's tray 2 driving motor, causes the damage through the automatic coiler 41 of cable in order to prevent that the wire from causing in the slip process of skeleton or lower floor's tray, and then influences parking equipment's work to and lead to the fact harm to personnel.
Furthermore, a motor frequency converter is arranged on a lead between the current output end of the circuit board and each mechanism, the motor frequency converter is arranged on the vertical beam or the transverse beam and is connected with the motor through a lead, or the motor frequency converter is arranged on the motor, and the frequency of each motor is changed through the motor frequency converter, so that the rotating speed of the motor is changed.
It can be understood that the motor frequency converter can be a large-scale motor frequency converter, and all the motors are uniformly controlled through the large-scale motor frequency converter, or the motor frequency converter is a small-scale motor frequency converter and is directly arranged on the vertical beam, the cross beam or the motor, and a small-scale motor frequency converter is correspondingly arranged on one motor so as to independently control each motor.
In another possible embodiment based on the above embodiment, the control device 4 is a wireless control device, and the control device 4 is connected to the lifting device 5, the driving device 7 and the fall preventing device 6 by wireless connection. The wireless control device includes: the controller is arranged on the vertical beam or the cross beam, a control circuit board is arranged in the controller, the control circuit board is internally provided with the same control rule as the control module, an instruction transmitting unit and an instruction receiving unit are arranged on the control circuit board, the instruction transmitting unit is connected with the instruction receiving unit, and a controller wireless connection module is also arranged on the control circuit board; the instruction transmitting unit is connected with the controller wireless connection module, the instruction receiving unit comprises an instruction key, and an operation instruction can be issued to the instruction receiving unit through the instruction key; the control circuit board is also provided with a display screen which is used for displaying the working state of the input data parking equipment.
The receiver is respectively arranged on motors of the lifting device 5, the driving device 7 and the anti-falling device 6, a receiving circuit board is arranged in the receiver, a power input end and a power output end are arranged on the receiving circuit board, the power input end is connected with a power supply, the power output end is connected with the motor, a power execution unit is arranged on the power input end, and the power execution unit is used for enabling a motor forward rotation power line to be connected or a motor reverse rotation power line to be connected; the receiving circuit board is also provided with an execution unit and a receiver wireless module, the receiver wireless module is connected with the execution unit, and meanwhile, the receiver wireless module is also connected with the controller wireless module, so that the instruction transmitting unit and the execution unit are connected to transmit a control instruction. The controller is internally provided with a battery or is powered by an external power supply.
Specifically, the wireless connection is established between the receiver wireless module and the controller wireless module, a control instruction is sent to the parking equipment by pressing an instruction button, the instruction receiving unit receives the control instruction and inputs the control instruction to the control circuit board, the control circuit board processes the control instruction according to a built-in control rule of the control circuit board to generate an effective instruction according with the rule and inputs the effective instruction to the instruction transmitting unit, the instruction transmitting unit wirelessly transmits the effective instruction to an execution unit of a receiver of a motor corresponding to the instruction, the execution unit analyzes the instruction after receiving the instruction to obtain an analysis result and sends a forward rotation instruction or a reverse rotation instruction to the power execution unit, and the power execution unit enables the forward rotation power supply or the reverse rotation power supply to be connected according to the instruction so as to enable the corresponding motor to rotate. Meanwhile, the power execution unit transmits the execution result back to the control circuit board in a wireless mode, and the control circuit board transmits the returned result to the display screen for displaying.
Furthermore, the instruction receiving unit is also connected with a wireless remote controller, and a control instruction is sent to the instruction receiving unit through the remote controller. The wireless connection mode can be WIFI, Bluetooth, infrared, radio frequency, ZigBee and other connection modes.
In another possible embodiment based on the above embodiment, the receiver is disposed on the ground on the side of the frame, and the internal structure of the receiver is the same as the above receiver structure, except that only one receiver is provided to control each motor. Specifically, power lines of all the motors are connected with a power input end of a receiver, and power output ends of the receiver are respectively connected with the motors through wires. The power supply execution unit simultaneously controls the power supply output ends of the motors, and the corresponding forward rotation or reverse rotation power supplies of the motors are communicated according to the received control instruction processed by the power supply execution unit. It is to be understood that, in the present embodiment, the receiver is originally provided on a plurality of motors, and the receiver is changed to control a plurality of motors by providing one receiver to perform the centralized processing. The specific position of the receiver can be set according to the actual situation, and is only exemplified here.
In another possible implementation manner based on the above implementation manner, the terminal may be connected to the instruction receiving unit, and the terminal issues a control instruction to the controller to control the parking device. Specifically, the terminal and the controller are in wireless connection to transmit data, a corresponding application program used for issuing instructions is arranged on the terminal, the parking equipment is controlled by operating the application program on the terminal, data interaction can be carried out between the terminal and the controller, and then the working state of the current parking equipment is displayed on the terminal. The terminal can be a mobile phone, a tablet, a PC and other terminal equipment.
Furthermore, a network connection unit is arranged on the controller circuit board and connected with the instruction receiving unit so as to perform data interaction, the network connection unit can realize connection with the network in modes of broadband, WIFI, mobile network and the like, and the terminal with the network can perform data interaction with the controller through the network so as to control the parking equipment.
Furthermore, a plurality of parking devices are arranged in the same area, a centralized control device is arranged, the centralized control device is simultaneously connected with the parking devices through wireless or network, and the centralized control device can simultaneously or respectively control the parking devices. Specifically, the centralized control equipment is provided with connecting ports of all parking equipment, each connecting port is correspondingly connected with one parking equipment, any parking equipment is selected from the centralized control equipment, a corresponding control instruction is input through the input module, the control instruction passes through the connecting port of the parking equipment and is transmitted to the corresponding parking equipment, and the parking equipment performs corresponding operation after receiving the instruction.
In another possible implementation manner based on the above implementation manner, different from the above implementation manner, the control module 45 and the controller of the wired control device and the wireless control device are respectively provided with a detection module and a processing module, the detection module is connected with the processing module, the detection module is used for detecting the rotation speed of the motor of each device, the processing module is used for collecting the rotation speed data of each motor and the radius of the gear or the rotating shaft sleeved on the opposite motor, and the energization time of each motor is controlled according to the collected radius data of the gear or the rotating shaft and the corresponding rotation speed of each motor, so as to control the moving distance of the framework 3 and the lower layer 2.
Specifically, when the slide rail is a fixed slide rail, the processing module controls the energization time T of each motor according to the following formula:
Figure BDA0001579729830000181
wherein, T is the power-on time of each motor, C is the length of the slide rail, r is the radius of the gear or the rotating shaft sleeved on each motor, and S is the rotating speed of the motor. When the slide rail is arranged along the vertical direction of the parking direction, the length of the slide rail is twice of the width of the framework 3; when the slide rail sets up along the parking direction, the length of slide rail is the twice of skeleton 3 length. When the upper tray 1 is controlled, in the above formula
Figure BDA0001579729830000182
Is the lifting height of the upper tray 1, i.e.When the upper layer tray 1 is lifted to the preset position, the distance between the upper layer tray 1 and the ground is kept.
When the slide rail is a rotatable slide rail, the processing module calculates the power-on time T of each motor according to the formula.
The moving distance between the framework 3 and the tray is controlled by controlling the power-on time of each motor, so that the aim of automatically controlling the parking equipment is fulfilled.
It can be understood that the action of the parking equipment, namely the movement distance of the framework 3 and the tray can be effectively controlled by controlling the power-on time of each motor, so that the working efficiency of the parking equipment is improved, and the time required by the personnel to operate the parking equipment is saved.
In another possible embodiment based on the above embodiment, the parking facilities are all double-deck parking facilities, and meanwhile, the devices and structures of the parking facilities can also be applied to single-deck parking facilities. A single-deck parking apparatus comprising: slide rail and tray, slide rail set up along the vertical direction setting of parking direction, and the tray setting is through parking the vehicle to the tray on to realize the purpose of side parking, simultaneously, parks the vehicle through the mode of side shifting, and the interval between the adjacent car that has significantly reduced to and the degree of difficulty that the vehicle was parked has still saved the parking space. In the area with two lane widths, when parking vehicles, by applying the single-layer parking equipment, the tray is placed in a half of the slide rail and is arranged in the passing area. It can be understood that through setting up above-mentioned individual layer parking equipment, not only solved the difficult problem of side parking, still solved the limited problem of parking space simultaneously, practice thrift parking space, increase parking quantity improves parking efficiency.
The parking device can be further provided with another single-layer parking device, vehicles are hardly parked in a narrow area of a single lane, and the problem can be solved through the embodiment. Specifically, the single-layer parking equipment comprises a framework, a tray, a lifting device and an anti-falling device. The framework, the upper tray, the lifting device and the falling prevention device in the embodiment are the same as those of the parking equipment in the above embodiment. In the present embodiment, when the upper tray is lifted, the distance between the bottom surface of the upper tray and the ground does not affect the passage of vehicles and pedestrians, and is at least more than two meters. When the parking equipment is used for parking vehicles, the upper-layer tray is placed on the ground, the vehicles run on the upper-layer tray, and the upper-layer tray is lifted to finish parking of the vehicles. Through setting up above-mentioned individual layer parking equipment, and then solved the difficult problem of parking effectively.
In another possible implementation manner based on the above implementation manner, reference is made to fig. 15, which is a schematic view illustrating an installation and a structure of a pressure power generation device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. The pressure power generation device 10 is arranged on the upper surface of the upper tray 1 and the lower tray 2, the pressure power generation device 10 is arranged at the position of a vehicle tire when the vehicle is parked, pressure is applied to the pressure power generation device 10 through the self-weight of the vehicle, the pressure power generation device 10 converts the received pressure into electric energy, the electric energy is stored, and the stored electric energy is output to the parking equipment. The pressure power generation device 10 comprises piezoelectric units 101 and storage units 102, wherein the piezoelectric units 101 are at least four, are respectively arranged on the upper-layer tray 1 and/or the lower-layer tray 2 and are arranged on the lower sides of four tires when a vehicle is parked, so that the tires of the vehicle can press on the piezoelectric units 101 when the vehicle is parked, and the vehicle exerts pressure on the piezoelectric units 101, so that the piezoelectric units 101 receive the pressure and generate electric energy; the storage unit 102 is disposed between the four piezoelectric units 101, and is connected to the four piezoelectric units 101 for storing the electric energy output by the piezoelectric units 101, and the storage unit 102 is further connected to the control device 4 for outputting the stored electric energy to the control device 4.
The pressure power generation device 10 further includes a control unit, the control unit is disposed on the storage unit 102, the piezoelectric unit 101 is connected to the storage unit 102 through the control unit, and the control unit is disposed to perform voltage stabilization and current stabilization processing on the electric energy generated by the piezoelectric unit 101, so that the electric energy output by the piezoelectric unit 101 can be effectively input into the storage unit 102, and thus the efficiency of converting pressure into electric energy is improved.
Specifically, the piezoelectric unit 101 may be an organic piezoelectric material or an inorganic piezoelectric material, the inorganic piezoelectric material may be a piezoelectric crystal and/or a piezoelectric ceramic, and the organic piezoelectric material may be a piezoelectric polymer, such as polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) (thin film) and other organic piezoelectric (thin film) materials represented by the polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF); the storage unit 102 may be a battery.
It is understood that the number of the piezoelectric units 101 may be set according to practical situations, and it is only necessary that the piezoelectric units 101 can generate electric energy by receiving pressure, and the material used for the piezoelectric units 101 may be one or a combination of several materials. Meanwhile, the storage unit 102 may be connected to the control device 4, and the electric energy stored in the storage unit 102 may be processed by the control device 4, or the storage unit 102 may be directly connected to the motors of the respective devices to directly output the electric energy to the motors. By arranging the pressure generating device 10 to output electric energy to the control device, the use value and the use efficiency of the parking equipment are effectively improved, and meanwhile, the electric energy is effectively saved.
In another possible implementation manner based on the above embodiment, refer to fig. 16, which is a schematic view illustrating an installation and a structure of a photovoltaic device of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. Above-mentioned parking equipment still includes a photovoltaic device 11, and photovoltaic device 11 sets up the upside at skeleton 3, is connected fixedly with skeleton 3 for turn into the electric energy with light energy. The photovoltaic device 11 comprises a photovoltaic cell 110, a support frame 111 and an electricity storage unit 112, wherein the support frame 111 is arranged on the upper side of the framework 3 and is fixedly connected with the long beam 32 and/or the wide beam 33 into a whole, the upper side of the support frame 111 is fixedly connected with the photovoltaic cell 110, and the photovoltaic cell 110 is supported and fixed through the support frame 111; the photovoltaic cell 110 is connected with an electricity storage unit 112, and the electricity storage unit 112 is arranged on the long beam 32 and/or the wide beam 33 and is used for storing the electric energy output by the photovoltaic cell 110; the power storage unit 112 is also connected with the control device 4, the lifting device 5, the driving device 7 and the anti-falling device 6 respectively, and is used for outputting electric energy to the devices so as to provide power supply. The photovoltaic cells 110 can also be connected directly to the control device 4, the lifting device 5, the drive device 7 and the safety device 6.
Specifically, the photovoltaic device 11 further includes an electric control unit, the electric control unit is connected to the photovoltaic cell 110 for performing voltage stabilization and current stabilization processing on the electric energy output by the photovoltaic cell 110, and meanwhile, a protection device is disposed in the electric control unit to prevent the circuit from being damaged due to short circuit. The electric control unit is respectively connected with the electricity storage unit 112, the control device 4, the lifting device 5, the driving device 7 and the anti-falling device 6 so as to process and output the electric energy output by the photovoltaic cell 110, and the electric control unit is an electric energy transfer station.
In particular, the photovoltaic cell 110 may be a combination of one or more panels. The photovoltaic cell 110 may be a crystalline silicon cell panel, a polycrystalline silicon solar cell, a single crystalline silicon solar cell; amorphous silicon cell plates including thin film solar cells and organic solar cells; chemical dye cell plate, dye sensitized solar cell; flexible solar cells, and the like. The support frame 111 is a frame made of steel for supporting the photovoltaic cell 110. The power storage unit 112 is a storage battery for storing electric energy.
It can be understood that the photovoltaic device 11 is arranged on the parking equipment to output electric energy to the parking equipment, the solar power generation system is combined with the parking equipment while the problem of parking is solved, the occupied area is reduced, the energy utilization efficiency is greatly improved, and the parking equipment can effectively save energy.
In another possible implementation manner based on the above embodiment, reference is made to fig. 17, which is a schematic structural view of an eco-friendly parking facility of a photovoltaic liftable forward parking facility according to an embodiment of the present invention. The embodiment provides ecological environment-friendly parking equipment to solve the problem of parking on green land. Specifically, the parking facility according to the present embodiment is different from the parking facilities according to the above-described embodiments in that the parking facility according to the present embodiment is installed on a green space or in a basement with a green space. In this embodiment, the first slide rail 8 and the second slide rail 9 are fixed on the green ground, and the height of the first slide rail 8 and the height of the second slide rail 9 are higher than the height of the lawn, so as to avoid the damage to the lawn caused by the translation of the framework 3 along the first slide rail 8 and the translation of the lower tray 2 along the second slide rail. The height of first slide rail 8 and second slide rail 9 is greater than the height on lawn for when upper tray 1 descends to ground position, avoided the contact with the lawn, when placing the vehicle on lower floor's tray 2 or upper tray 1 simultaneously, avoided the vehicle to roll the lawn, and then protected the greenery patches, protected the environment.
The present embodiment can be applied to a single-deck parking apparatus and a multi-deck parking apparatus, and can be applied to a lateral movement and forward movement parking apparatus. The structures, devices, units and arrangements of the above embodiments can be applied to this embodiment, and are not described herein again.
It can be understood that the slide rail higher than the green land is arranged on the green land, so that the damage to the lawn is avoided while parking, the parking efficiency is improved, and the ecological environment is effectively protected.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, if such modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention and their equivalents, the present invention is also intended to include such modifications and variations.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a photovoltaic liftable antedisplacement parking equipment which characterized in that includes:
the first sliding rails are arranged along the parking direction, and are arranged in two relative parallel ways and are respectively arranged at two sides of a parked vehicle;
the first sliding rail is provided with a framework capable of translating along the first sliding rail, the framework is provided with an upper tray for placing an upper vehicle, the upper tray vertically moves in the framework, and the framework is used for driving the upper tray to translate along the first sliding rail;
a lower layer vehicle is placed below the upper layer tray, and the lower layer vehicle drives into the framework along the parking direction;
the upper tray is connected with the framework through a lifting device arranged on the framework, and the lifting device is used for driving the upper tray to lift;
the equipment also comprises a control device arranged on the framework, wherein the control device is connected with the upper-layer tray and used for controlling the movement of the upper-layer tray;
set up photovoltaic device on the skeleton, photovoltaic device is used for turning into the electric energy with light energy, be used for parking equipment provides the power, photovoltaic device includes: the parking equipment comprises a photovoltaic cell, a support frame and an electricity storage unit, wherein the support frame is arranged on the upper side of a framework and is connected and fixed with the framework into a whole, the photovoltaic cell is arranged on the upper side of the support frame and is connected and fixed with the support frame, the electricity storage unit is arranged on the framework, the photovoltaic cell is connected with the electricity storage unit and is used for storing electric energy output by the photovoltaic cell, and the electricity storage unit is also connected with each power utilization device of the parking equipment and is used for outputting the electric energy to each power utilization device;
the power storage unit is connected with each power utilization device through the control device;
the control device controls the movement of the upper tray according to the following formula:
Figure RE-FDA0002257640120000011
wherein, T is the circular telegram time of motor, C is the length of slide rail, r is the radius with the gear or the axis of rotation that the cover was established on the motor, and S is the rotational speed of motor.
2. The photovoltaic liftable forward parking equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the photovoltaic device further comprises an electric control unit, the electric control unit is connected with the photovoltaic cell, the electricity storage unit is connected with the photovoltaic cell through the electric control unit, and the electric control unit is used for performing voltage and current stabilization treatment on the electric energy output by the photovoltaic cell.
3. The photovoltaic liftable forward parking equipment as recited in claim 2, wherein the electric control unit is provided with a built-in protection device to prevent the short circuit of the electric circuit from damaging the electric circuit system.
4. The photovoltaic liftable forward parking equipment as recited in claim 3, wherein the photovoltaic cell is a crystalline silicon cell panel, and the crystalline silicon cell panel can be a polycrystalline silicon solar cell or a monocrystalline silicon solar cell.
5. The photovoltaic liftable forward parking equipment as recited in claim 4, wherein the support frame is a frame made of steel sections for supporting the photovoltaic cells.
6. The photovoltaic liftable forward parking equipment as recited in claim 5, wherein the electricity storage unit is connected with the lifting device through the control device to output the stored electric energy to the lifting device, and the control device is used for controlling the electric energy output of the electricity storage unit.
7. The photovoltaic liftable forward parking apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the electricity storage unit is a storage battery.
8. The photovoltaic liftable forward parking equipment according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the framework comprises a horizontal beam and a vertical beam which is perpendicular to the horizontal beam;
the upper end of the vertical beam is connected with the cross beam and used for supporting the cross beam, and the lower end of the vertical beam is connected with the first slide rail in a sliding manner; the two ends of the cross beam are respectively connected with the vertical beams, and the cross beam is connected with the upper-layer tray through the lifting device.
9. The photovoltaic liftable forward parking equipment as recited in claim 8, wherein the support frame is connected to the beam.
10. The photovoltaic liftable forward parking equipment as claimed in claim 9, wherein the support frame and the beam are fixed into a whole by welding or bolting.
CN201810150304.4A 2018-02-13 2018-02-13 Photovoltaic liftable antedisplacement parking equipment Active CN108457507B (en)

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CN105735701A (en) * 2015-01-29 2016-07-06 成都西部泰力智能设备股份有限公司 Three-dimensional parking device
CN204531532U (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-08-05 吴立新 Shift out lifting three-dimensional parking device
CN105464423B (en) * 2015-12-22 2017-11-10 肖小松 Accessible rail type three-dimensional garage
CN106193690A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-07 湖南泰安智能立体车库设备有限公司 A kind of new forms of energy multi-storied garage
CN206667857U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-11-24 上海忠卜实业有限公司 A kind of hydraulic-driven is double-deck mobile without avoidance jiffy stand
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CN107401304A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-11-28 诏安县鹏达机械设计部 A kind of double-deck stereo lugs

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