CN108454203A - 一种复合板材及复合板材的制作方法 - Google Patents

一种复合板材及复合板材的制作方法 Download PDF

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CN108454203A
CN108454203A CN201810337673.4A CN201810337673A CN108454203A CN 108454203 A CN108454203 A CN 108454203A CN 201810337673 A CN201810337673 A CN 201810337673A CN 108454203 A CN108454203 A CN 108454203A
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张新海
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    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/12Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin next to a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/02Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by structural features of a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/02Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by structural features of a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • B32B5/06Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by structural features of a fibrous or filamentary layer characterised by a fibrous or filamentary layer mechanically connected, e.g. by needling to another layer, e.g. of fibres, of paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/18Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by features of a layer of foamed material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/22Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed
    • B32B5/24Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • B32B5/245Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer another layer next to it being a foam layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/22Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed
    • B32B5/24Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • B32B5/26Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer another layer next to it also being fibrous or filamentary
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/02Synthetic macromolecular fibres
    • B32B2262/0261Polyamide fibres
    • B32B2262/0269Aromatic polyamide fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/10Inorganic fibres
    • B32B2262/101Glass fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/10Inorganic fibres
    • B32B2262/106Carbon fibres, e.g. graphite fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/10Properties of the layers or laminate having particular acoustical properties
    • B32B2307/102Insulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/304Insulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/714Inert, i.e. inert to chemical degradation, corrosion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/726Permeability to liquids, absorption

Abstract

本发明提供了一种复合板材,包括第一板材、第二板材,位于所述第一板材与所述第二板材中间的复合板,所述复合板包括轻体板材,所述轻体板材上下两面上设有纤维布,所述上下层纤维布与所述泡沫板材之间穿连设有纤维;将所述轻体板材和所述纤维布经过与所述纤维的编织成为一体,增加了所述轻体板材的强度和后期的可塑性,可以根据需要制造的形状一次成型,省去了很多组装的环节,即节省了人力物力,也提高了整体的强度。

Description

一种复合板材及复合板材的制作方法
技术领域
[0001 ]本发明涉及一种复合板材及复合板材的制作方法。
背景技术
[0002]复合板材指的是由两种或者两种以上的材料组合而成的板材。
[0003]复合板材中轻体复合板材应用的较为广阔,目前所用的轻体复合板材一般中间层 为硬质的泡沫板材,一般存在的缺点有: 第一:只能做平板,都不能做异形产品。
[0004]第二:板材易开裂,开裂后无法修复。
[0005]第三:板材不能承受重力。
[0006]第四:使用寿命短。
发明内容
[0007]本发明的目的在于克服上述传统技术的不足之处,提供一种复合板材及复合板材 的制作方法。
[0008]本发明的目的是通过以下技术措施来达到的:一种复合板材,包括第一板材、第二 板材,位于所述第一板材与所述第二板材中间的复合板,所述复合板包括轻体板材,所述轻 体板材上下两面上设有纤维布,所述上下层纤维布与所述泡沫板材之间穿连设有纤维。 [0009]作为一种改进,所述纤维在所述轻体板材上形成六棱柱或者长方体。
[0010]作为进一步改进,所述纤维布为碳纤维、玻璃纤维、开夫拉纤维中的至少一种纤维 材料编织成所需面积的纤维布。
[0011] 作为进一步改进,所述纤维为碳纤维、玻璃纤维、开夫拉纤维中的至少一种纤维。 [0012]作为进一步改进,所述轻体板材为泡沫板材。
[0013]作为进一步改进,所述第一板材、所述第二板材为不饱和树脂板材。
[0014] 作为进一步改进,所述复合板为至少一层。
[0015] 本发明还提供了一种复合板材的制作方法,包括以下步骤: 步骤一:根据制作的物品裁剪好泡沫板材的形状; 步骤二:制作与泡沫板材形状一样的纤维布; 步骤三:将纤维布铺设在所述泡沫板材的上下两面; 步骤四:将所述上下两层纤维布通过纤维穿插编织于所述泡沫板材上,所述纤维布与 所述泡沫板材形成复合泡沫板材; 步骤五:将至少一层的复合泡沫板材先用树脂压力浸透; 步骤六:将压力浸透后的复合泡沫板材放入高温模具中浇筑树脂固化定型。
[0016]作为一种改进,所述树脂是不饱和树脂。
[0017]作为进一步的改进,所述穿插编织方式为六点定位编织方式或者四点定位编织方 式。
[0018]与现有技术相比,本发明的优点是:将所述轻体板材和所述纤维布经过与所述纤 维的编织成为一体,增加了所述轻体板材的强度和后期的可塑性,可以根据需要制造的形 状一次成型,省去了很多组装的环节,即节省了人力物力,也提高了整体的强度。 /
[0019]下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步说明。
附图说明
[0020]附图1是本发明所述复合板材实施例一的结构示意图。
[0021]附图2是本发明实施例一中所述复合板的俯视图。
[0022]附图3是本发明所述复合板材实施例二的结构示意图。
[0023]附图4是本发明实施例二中所述复合板的俯视图。
具体实施方式
[0024]实施例一:如附图1、附图2所示,一种复合板材,包括第一板材丨、第二板材2,所述 第一板材1、所述第二板材2为不饱和树脂板材;位于所述第一板材丨与所述第二板材2中间 的一层复合板3,所述复合板3包括轻体板材31,所述轻体板材3丨为泡沫板材;所述轻体板材 31上下两面上设有纤维布32,所述上下层纤维布32与所述泡沫板材之间穿连设有纤维33; 所述纤维33在所述轻体板材31上形成六棱柱;所述纤维布32为碳纤维、玻璃纤维、开夫拉纤 维中的至少一种纤维材料编织成所需面积的纤维布32。所述纤维33为碳纤维、玻璃纤维、开 夫拉纤维中的至少一种纤维。
[0025]本实施例中,所述第一板材1、所述第二板材2、所述复合板3的厚度比例根据制作 的需要随意调整,其中所述复合板3的层数也可以根据需求随意调整;例如本发明用在装饰 方面的话所述泡沫板材的厚度任意,所述纤维布32的厚度为要是用在游艇方面 的话所述纤维布32的厚度至少为5mm。
[0026]实施例二:如附图3、附图4所示,一种复合板材,包括第一板材丨、第二板材2,所述 第一板材1、所述第二板材2为不饱和树脂板材;位于所述第一板材1与所述第二板材2中间 的两层复合板3,所述复合板3包括轻体板材31,所述轻体板材31为泡沫板材;所述轻体板材 31上下两面上设有纤维布32,所述上下层纤维布32与所述泡沫板材之间穿连设有纤维33; 所述纤维33在所述轻体板材31上形成长方体;所述纤维布32为碳纤维、玻璃纤维、开夫拉纤 维中的至少一种纤维材料编织成所需面积的纤维布32。所述纤维33为碳纤维、玻璃纤维、开 夫拉纤维中的至少一种纤维。
[0027]所述第一板材1、所述第二板材2、所述复合板3的厚度比例根据制作的需要随意调 整,其中所述复合板3的层数也可以根据需求随意调整;例如本发明用在装饰方面的话所述 泡沫板材的厚度任意,所述纤维布32的厚度为O.lmm-lmm,要是用在游艇方面的话所述纤维 布32的厚度至少为5mm。
[0028]实施例三:一种复合板材的制作方法,包括以下步骤: 步骤一:根据制作的物品裁剪好泡沫板材的形状; 步骤二:制作与泡沫板材形状一样的纤维布; 步骤三:将纤维布铺设在所述泡沫板材的上下两面; 步骤四:将所述上下两层纤维布通过纤维穿插编织于所述泡沫板材上,所述纤维布与 所述泡沫板材形成复合泡沬板材; 步骤五:将至少一层的复合泡沫板材先用不饱和树脂压力浸透; 步骤六:将压力浸透后的复合泡沫板材放入高温模具中浇筑树脂固化定型。
[0029]上述方法中,所述穿插编织方式为六点定位编织方式或者四点定位编织方式。+ [0030]上述方法中所述压力浸透中的压力为110Kg/cm2-190Kg/cm2的压力条件,所述高 温为摄氏100°C _180 °C的温度条件下,所述固化定型的时间为2-3小时。
[0031]通过以上方法制作出的复合板材,具有可塑性、轻量、隔热、隔音、耐老化、耐湿、防 腐等特性,可以造一个整体的一次成型的房子,或是大型的圆球等需要的任何形状。

Claims (10)

1.一种复合板材,包括第一板材、第二板材,位于所述第一板材与所述第二板材中间的 复合板,其特征在于:所述复合板包括轻体板材,所述轻体板材上下两面上设有纤维布,所 述上下层纤维布与所述泡沫板材之间穿连设有纤维。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种复合板材,其特征在于:所述纤维在所述轻体板材上形成 六棱柱或者长方体。
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种复合板材,其特征在于:所述纤维布为碳纤维、玻璃纤维、 开夫拉纤维中的至少一种纤维材料编织成所需面积的纤维布。
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种复合板材,其特征在于:所述纤维为碳纤维、玻璃纤维、开 夫拉纤维中的至少一种纤维。
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种复合板材,其特征在于:所述轻体板材为泡沫板材。
6.根据权利要求1所述的一种复合板材,其特征在于:所述第一板材、所述第二板材为 不饱和树脂板材。
7.根据权利要求1-6任意权利要求所述的一种复合板材,其特征在于:所述复合板为至 少一层。
8.—种复合板材的制作方法,包括以下步骤: 步骤一:根据制作的物品裁剪好泡沫板材的形状; 步骤二:制作与泡沫板材形状一样的纤维布; 步骤三:将纤维布铺设在所述泡沫板材的上下两面; 步骤四:将所述上下两层纤维布通过纤维穿插编织于所述泡沫板材上,所述纤维布与 所述泡沫板材形成复合泡沫板材; 步骤五:将至少一层的复合泡沫板材先用树脂压力浸透; 步骤六:将压力浸透后的复合泡沫板材放入高温模具中浇筑树脂固化定型。
9.根据权利要求8所述的一种复合板材的制作方法,其特征在于:所述树脂是不饱和树 脂。
10.根据权利要求8所述的一种复合板材的制作方法,其特征在于:所述穿插编织方式 为六点定位编织方式或者四点定位编织方式。
CN201810337673.4A 2018-04-16 2018-04-16 一种复合板材及复合板材的制作方法 Withdrawn CN108454203A (zh)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN110385848A (zh) * 2019-07-29 2019-10-29 桂林航天工业学院 一种汽车用碳纤维复合板成型设备

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