CN108439942A - A kind of 3D printing prepares the formula and method of artificial turquoise - Google Patents

A kind of 3D printing prepares the formula and method of artificial turquoise Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108439942A
CN108439942A CN201810297844.5A CN201810297844A CN108439942A CN 108439942 A CN108439942 A CN 108439942A CN 201810297844 A CN201810297844 A CN 201810297844A CN 108439942 A CN108439942 A CN 108439942A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
turquoise
additive
stone powder
artificial
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810297844.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王雨珅
郝亮
唐丹娜
杨明星
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)
Original Assignee
China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) filed Critical China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)
Priority to CN201810297844.5A priority Critical patent/CN108439942A/en
Publication of CN108439942A publication Critical patent/CN108439942A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/001Rapid manufacturing of 3D objects by additive depositing, agglomerating or laminating of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y10/00Processes of additive manufacturing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y70/00Materials specially adapted for additive manufacturing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B30/00Compositions for artificial stone, not containing binders
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00034Physico-chemical characteristics of the mixtures
    • C04B2111/00181Mixtures specially adapted for three-dimensional printing (3DP), stereo-lithography or prototyping
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/54Substitutes for natural stone, artistic materials or the like
    • C04B2111/542Artificial natural stone

Abstract

The invention discloses formulas and method that a kind of 3D printing prepares artificial turquoise, and raw material, 60 85 parts of turquoise original stone powder, 15 40 parts of additive are mixed into according to the turquoise original stone powder of parts by weight meter and additive;The grain size of the turquoise original stone powder is not more than 200 mesh;Additive is two or more in paraffin, stearic acid, palm wax, liquid wax, mineral oil or vegetable oil;The turquoise original stone powder being added after additive can meet the requirement of printing flowing, can print out pre-designed moulding.The artificial turquoise printed can meet Gem Studies performance requirement, and fidelity is high;The recycling turquoise original stone powder of use, it is at low cost, and it is effectively utilized rare resources;By digitizing 3D models, the control for reaching structure using injection forming ensures that microcosmic and macroscopical rank can reach and is precisely controlled to jewel solve the problems, such as unicity and the waste of traditional turquoise engraving, proficiency no requirement (NR) to technology is, it can be achieved that different artificial turquoises designs.

Description

A kind of 3D printing prepares the formula and method of artificial turquoise
Technical field
The present invention relates to 3D printing technique and technology fields, and in particular to a kind of 3D printing prepares the formula of artificial turquoise And method.
Background technology
In the related technology, turquoise is inevitably had during engraving by carving after exploiting mostly Some high-quality turquoise powder and leftover pieces are discarded, and the waste of high price efficient resource is caused;The engraving of turquoise needs simultaneously Skilled sculptor is wanted, the difficulty of turquoise engraving is further increased.
Invention content
In view of this, the embodiment provides a kind of methods of 3D printing to prepare turquoise, can be used discarded Turquoise powder or leftover pieces, efficent use of resources, while the skill for not needing consummation can also produce different shape structure Turquoise.
In order to solve the above technical problems, technical solution used in the embodiment of the present invention is, a kind of 3D printing prepares artificial green The formula of turquoise includes by the turquoise original stone powder of parts by weight meter and the raw material of additive, the turquoise original stone powder 60-85 parts, 15-40 parts of additive;The grain size of the turquoise original stone powder is not more than 200 mesh;The additive is paraffin, firmly Two or more in resin acid, palm wax, liquid wax, mineral oil or vegetable oil.
The embodiment of the present invention additionally provide it is a kind of according to the formula 3D printing method for preparing artificial turquoise, including with Lower step:
(1) raw material is weighed, the raw material is the turquoise original stone powder and additive counted in parts by weight, by turquoise original Stone powder, additive are loaded into the feed system of 3D printer, and are heated;
(2) by after heating turquoise original stone powder and additive be transmitted in stirring system, stirring simultaneously heat, stirring The slurry being uniformly mixed afterwards;
(3) the 3D digital models for establishing artificial turquoise carry out hierarchy slicing to the digitlization 3D models, and are arranged The print parameters of every layer of slice;
(4) according to print parameters, slurry after evenly mixing is ejected into required people by the syringe on 3D printer Make turquoise.
Preferably, the heating temperature, whipping temp are respectively 120~130 DEG C.
Preferably, in the step (3), the digitlization 3D models is N number of with the printing bottom plate for being parallel to 3D printer Plane is sliced, and digitlization 3D models is divided into N+1 layers of slice, the thickness of every layer of slice is 0.01mm~2.0mm.
Compared with the relevant technologies, the advantageous effect that the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention offer is brought is:The present invention's 3D printing prepares the formula and method of artificial turquoise, and formula is simple, by being simply formulated the method that 3D printing can be used Turquoise is printed, preparation method flow is simple, ensures by digitizing 3D models using the turquoise original stone powder of recycling Microcosmic and macroscopical rank, which can reach, is precisely controlled quality model, solves the shaping list of traditional turquoise craftwork One the problem of, does not require engraving technology, reduces the difficulty and cost of turquoise engraving.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the preparation method flow chart of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with attached drawing to embodiment party of the present invention Formula is further described.
Embodiment one
Include by the green of parts by weight meter an embodiment of the present invention provides the formula that a kind of 3D printing prepares artificial turquoise The raw material of turquoise original stone powder and additive, 60-85 parts of the turquoise original stone powder, 15-40 parts of additive;The turquoise The grain size of former stone powder is not more than 200 mesh;The additive is paraffin, stearic acid, palm wax, liquid wax, mineral oil or vegetable oil In two or more.The turquoise original stone powder is the turquoise original stone powder discarded, and cost is relatively low, is effectively utilized treasure Dilute resource;Formula is simple;The artificial turquoise printed according to formula can meet Gem Studies performance requirement, and fidelity is high;Pass through 3D models are digitized, the control of structure is reached using injection forming, ensure that microcosmic and macroscopical rank can reach the essence to jewel Quasi- control solves the problems, such as unicity and the waste of traditional turquoise engraving, to the proficiency no requirement (NR) of technology, it can be achieved that difference Artificial turquoise design.
Referring to FIG. 1, the embodiment of the present invention additionally provides the method for preparing artificial turquoise according to above-mentioned formula 3D printing, Include the following steps:
(1) raw material is weighed, the raw material is the turquoise original stone powder and additive counted in parts by weight, by turquoise original Stone powder and additive are loaded into the feed system of 3D printer, and are heated;Heating temperature is 120~130 DEG C, heating temperature It is determined according to the turquoise original stone powder of addition and additive;The additive can bond turquoise original stone powder, make turquoise Former stone powder can be flowed in printing;
(2) by after heating turquoise original stone powder and additive be transmitted in stirring system, stirring simultaneously heat, stirring The slurry being uniformly mixed afterwards;Whipping temp is respectively 120~130 DEG C, and whipping temp is according to the turquoise original mountain flour of addition End is determined with additive;
(3) the 3D digital models for establishing artificial turquoise carry out hierarchy slicing to the digitlization 3D models, and are arranged The print parameters of every layer of slice;The digitlization 3D models are cut with the N number of plane of printing bottom plate for being parallel to 3D printer Digitlization 3D models are divided into N+1 layers of slice by piece, and the thickness of every layer of slice is 0.01mm~2.0mm;The printing of every layer of slice Parameter includes line supporting form, filling rate 60%, xy axis Moving Unit distances 0.7mm, z-axis Moving Unit distance 0.15mm, returns Take out 0.7mm, rate 8mm/s.
(4) according to print parameters, slurry after evenly mixing is ejected into required people by the syringe on 3D printer Make turquoise.In feed system and whipping process, feed system, agitating device, the syringe of 3D printer be structure as a whole with Printing portion is detachable two parts, is passed by syringe after the turquoise original stone powder is uniformly mixed with additive Printing portion is transported to, pre-designed artificial turquoise is printed.
Embodiment two
An embodiment of the present invention provides the formulas that a kind of 3D printing prepares artificial turquoise, and raw material is by terms of parts by weight 30 parts of 70 parts of turquoise original stone powder, additive compositions;The additive by parts by weight meter 8 parts of 92 parts of paraffin, stearic acid Composition.Remaining is the same as embodiment one.
Embodiment three
An embodiment of the present invention provides the formulas that a kind of 3D printing prepares artificial turquoise, and raw material is by terms of parts by weight 25 parts of 75 parts of turquoise original stone powder, additive compositions;The additive by parts by weight meter 8 parts of 85 parts of paraffin, palm wax, 7 parts of compositions of stearic acid.Remaining is the same as embodiment one.
Example IV
An embodiment of the present invention provides the formulas that a kind of 3D printing prepares artificial turquoise, and raw material is by terms of parts by weight 35 parts of 65 parts of turquoise original stone powder, additive compositions;The additive is by 40 parts of the liquid wax in terms of parts by weight, paraffin 30 5 parts of part, 15 parts of palm wax, stearic acid compositions.Remaining is the same as embodiment one.
Embodiment five
An embodiment of the present invention provides the formulas that a kind of 3D printing prepares artificial turquoise, and raw material is by terms of parts by weight 20 parts of 80 parts of turquoise original stone powder, additive compositions;The additive by 70 parts of the liquid wax of parts by weight meter, 28 parts of paraffin, 7 parts of compositions of stearic acid.Remaining is the same as embodiment one.
Embodiment six
An embodiment of the present invention provides the formulas that a kind of 3D printing prepares artificial turquoise, and raw material is by terms of parts by weight 18 parts of 82 parts of turquoise original stone powder, additive compositions;The additive by parts by weight meter 20 parts of 80 parts of paraffin, palm wax Composition.Remaining is the same as embodiment one.
Herein, the nouns of locality such as involved front, rear, top, and bottom are to be located in figure with parts in attached drawing and zero Part mutual position defines, only for the purpose of expressing the technical solution clearly and conveniently.It should be appreciated that the noun of locality Use should not limit the claimed range of the application.
In the absence of conflict, the feature in embodiment and embodiment herein-above set forth can be combined with each other.
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of 3D printing prepares the formula of artificial turquoise, characterized in that include the turquoise original mountain flour by parts by weight meter The raw material at end and additive, 60-85 parts of the turquoise original stone powder, 15-40 parts of additive;The turquoise original stone powder Grain size is not more than 200 mesh;The additive be paraffin, stearic acid, palm wax, liquid wax, mineral oil or vegetable oil in two kinds or It is a variety of.
2. a kind of 3D printing according to claim 1 prepares the formula of artificial turquoise, characterized in that the raw material by with 30 parts of compositions of 70 parts of turquoise original stone powder, additive of parts by weight meter;The additive by parts by weight meter paraffin 92 8 parts of part, stearic acid compositions.
3. a kind of 3D printing according to claim 1 prepares the formula of artificial turquoise, characterized in that the raw material by with 25 parts of compositions of 75 parts of turquoise original stone powder, additive of parts by weight meter;The additive by parts by weight meter paraffin 85 7 parts of part, 8 parts of palm wax, stearic acid compositions.
4. a kind of 3D printing according to claim 1 prepares the formula of artificial turquoise, characterized in that the raw material by with 35 parts of compositions of 65 parts of turquoise original stone powder, additive of parts by weight meter;The additive is by the liquid wax in terms of parts by weight 40 parts, 30 parts of paraffin, 15 parts of palm wax, 5 parts of stearic acid composition.
5. a kind of 3D printing according to claim 1 prepares the formula of artificial turquoise, characterized in that the raw material by with 20 parts of compositions of 80 parts of turquoise original stone powder, additive of parts by weight meter;The additive by parts by weight meter liquid wax 70 7 parts of part, 28 parts of paraffin, stearic acid compositions.
6. a kind of 3D printing according to claim 1 prepares the formula of artificial turquoise, characterized in that the raw material by with 18 parts of compositions of 82 parts of turquoise original stone powder, additive of parts by weight meter;The additive by parts by weight meter paraffin 80 20 parts of part, palm wax compositions.
7. being formulated the method that 3D printing prepares artificial turquoise according to claim 1~6 any one of them, characterized in that packet Include following steps:
(1) raw material is weighed, the raw material is the turquoise original stone powder and additive counted in parts by weight, by turquoise original mountain flour End, additive are loaded into the feed system of 3D printer, and heat;
(2) by after heating turquoise original stone powder and additive be transmitted in stirring system, stirring simultaneously heat, after stirring must To mixed uniformly slurry;
(3) the 3D digital models for establishing artificial turquoise carry out hierarchy slicing to the digitlization 3D models, and are arranged every layer The print parameters of slice;
(4) according to print parameters, slurry after evenly mixing is ejected by the syringe on 3D printer required artificial green Turquoise.
8. the method that a kind of 3D printing according to claim 7 prepares artificial turquoise, characterized in that the step (1) In, the heating temperature, whipping temp are respectively 120~130 DEG C.
9. the method that a kind of 3D printing according to claim 1 prepares artificial turquoise, characterized in that the step (3) In, the digitlization 3D models are sliced with the N number of plane of printing bottom plate for being parallel to 3D printer, 3D models will be digitized N+1 layers of slice are divided into, the thickness of every layer of slice is 0.01mm~2.0mm.
10. the method that a kind of 3D printing according to claim 1 prepares artificial turquoise, characterized in that the step (3) In, the print parameters of every layer of slice include line supporting form, filling rate 60%, xy axis Moving Unit distances 0.7mm, z-axis movement Unit distance 0.15mm, pumpback 0.7mm, rate 8mm/s.
CN201810297844.5A 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A kind of 3D printing prepares the formula and method of artificial turquoise Pending CN108439942A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109534767A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-03-29 华侨大学 A kind of extruded type 3D white marble mountain flour printing slurry and preparation method thereof
US10703011B1 (en) * 2018-12-06 2020-07-07 Vision Gems Pvt. Ltd. Methods of making artificial gemstones using sublimation printing, and artificial gemstones made therewith

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103553595A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-02-05 北京赛乐米克材料科技有限公司 Ceramic powder injection moulding raw material and ceramic power injection moulding method
CN104816373A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-08-05 由伟 Three-dimensional printing manufacturing method of artificial jade
CN106270512A (en) * 2016-09-01 2017-01-04 中国地质大学(武汉) 3D prints support slurry, metal paste and the Method of printing of metal labyrinth
CN106584638A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-04-26 中国地质大学(武汉) Material design 3D printing process based on rock and soil models
CN106746897A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-05-31 中国地质大学(武汉) One kind injection increases material shaping geotechnical model material and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103553595A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-02-05 北京赛乐米克材料科技有限公司 Ceramic powder injection moulding raw material and ceramic power injection moulding method
CN104816373A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-08-05 由伟 Three-dimensional printing manufacturing method of artificial jade
CN106270512A (en) * 2016-09-01 2017-01-04 中国地质大学(武汉) 3D prints support slurry, metal paste and the Method of printing of metal labyrinth
CN106584638A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-04-26 中国地质大学(武汉) Material design 3D printing process based on rock and soil models
CN106746897A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-05-31 中国地质大学(武汉) One kind injection increases material shaping geotechnical model material and preparation method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109534767A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-03-29 华侨大学 A kind of extruded type 3D white marble mountain flour printing slurry and preparation method thereof
US10703011B1 (en) * 2018-12-06 2020-07-07 Vision Gems Pvt. Ltd. Methods of making artificial gemstones using sublimation printing, and artificial gemstones made therewith

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