CN108439608A - A kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method - Google Patents

A kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108439608A
CN108439608A CN201810613294.3A CN201810613294A CN108439608A CN 108439608 A CN108439608 A CN 108439608A CN 201810613294 A CN201810613294 A CN 201810613294A CN 108439608 A CN108439608 A CN 108439608A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
plant
wetland
water plant
environment purification
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Pending
Application number
CN201810613294.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴江
凌利宏
夏得月
李艳红
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Anhui Province Dadi Landscape Garden Engineering Co Ltd
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Anhui Province Dadi Landscape Garden Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810613294.3A priority Critical patent/CN108439608A/en
Publication of CN108439608A publication Critical patent/CN108439608A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method is disclosed, it is as follows:1) wetland of wetland park is investigated, obtains the natural conditions information of ecological wetland, according to the natural conditions information, initial option is carried out to the water plant used;2) information for combining ecological wetland water purifying, plants different water plants;3) water plant planting range and quantity are defined;4) when planting aquatic plants, region is carried out to water plant and is fixed.The present invention forms science, specification, the efficient method of a set of water plant application progress wetland eco-reconstruction from seed selection to reasonable disposition;Position is carried out to water plant to fix, and prevents water body flow from leading to the movement or damage of water plant.

Description

A kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method
Technical field
The present invention relates to ecology of water protection technique fields more particularly to a kind of wetland park water plant water environment to purify Method.
Background technology
China lake is numerous, the shared lkm in the whole nation22759, above lake, the gross area reach 91019km2, account for national territorial area 0.95%.In recent years, since population increases, industrialization, urbanization and modern agriculture quickly propel, macronutrient (N, P etc.) and organic matter are discharged into lake, and the aquatiles such as algae is caused excessively to breed, and dissolved oxygen is reduced, and transparency declines, lake Pool water quality deteriorates rapidly.Lake eutrophication causes lake ecosystem structure and function to be degenerated, and cyanobacterial bloom is frequent It breaks out, water quality water shortage is on the rise, and causes huge economic losses.And as the rapid development of sociaty and economy, lake face Day of year becomes to reducing, and causes lake and marshland function to degenerate increasingly, shore lake wetland is just threatened by bogginess.The south water to north is to alleviate me State's north shortage of water resources and the deterioration of the ecological environment, the Major Strategic engineering for promoting water resource optimal allocation.Nansi Lake is conquered east Lake has important pondage capacity, the quality of water quality to be directly related to water transfer work as South-to-North Water Transfer Project storage reservoir The success or failure of journey.Therefore the improvement of lake waters environment and safeguards technique, become it in current Lake variation and the weight of utilization Weight.For the current present situation in lake, the research of shore lake wet land water quality purification techniques is carried out, for ensuring lake water quality, increasing and give birth to State protection, implements pollution control measure, promotes in basin ecological environment with coordinated development of the economy and society with particularly significant Meaning.
Since self-purification of water process is complicated, influenced by many factors, the ecological purification technology for studying lake waters is one A extremely complex project, current research is greatly both for the progress in a certain respect of self-purification of water rule, with single water Matter processing means.Mainly use the recovery including water plant, the technologies such as bio operon, the artificial swamp construction of fisheries biology Measure, although also achieving certain achievement, really realizes lake habitat to improve the water area ecological environment of shore lake wetland Structure, there is no more perfect technology and pattern.
Invention content
Technical problems based on background technology, the present invention propose a kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification Method.
A kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method proposed by the present invention, is as follows:
1) wetland of wetland park is investigated, obtains the natural conditions information of ecological wetland, according to the natural item Part information carries out initial option to the water plant used, and the water plant includes emergent aquactic plant, floatingleaved plant, heavy water plant Object, fluitante;
2) information for combining ecological wetland water purifying, plants different water plants;
3) it combines Landscape construction, ecological effect and humane aesthetics to configure the aquatic plant species filtered out, builds Aquatic vegetation is planted, water plant planting range and quantity are defined;
4) when planting aquatic plants, region is carried out to water plant and is fixed.
Preferably, the information in terms of the natural conditions information includes aquatic phytobiology, ecology and practical application.
Preferably, the emergent aquactic plant is one or more in lotus, reed, cattail.
Preferably, the floatingleaved plant is water lily, is planted in the close Sub-aqua area of offshore.
Preferably, the submerged plant is one or more in hornwort, dragon's tongue, black algae, is planted in profundal zone, adopts With regional plantation, several fixed timbers are inserted in the centre of each regional plantation.
Preferably, the fluitante is duckweed, is planted in close to the position on bank, plantation is fixed using purse seine, Purse seine upper semisection exposes the surface, and purse seine bottom end is not contacted with water-bed face, and there are gaps.
Preferably, using microorganism slow release tube as the carrier of complex microorganism preparations, the sealing of microorganism slow release tube both ends, pipe Body spiles, and microorganism slow release tube is tied up on water plant.
Preferably, the water plant planting area accounts for the 20-30% of wetland park coverage of water.
Advantageous effect of the present invention:1, the water plant of initial option is observed, compared, filtered out and the natural item The aquatic plant species that part information is consistent;Aquatic plant in conjunction with Landscape construction, ecological effect and humane aesthetics to filtering out Species are configured, planting aquatic vegetation, and to form a set of water plant, from seed selection to reasonable disposition, application carries out Science, specification, the efficient method of wetland eco-reconstruction.2, it carries out position to water plant to fix, prevents water body flow from causing The movement or damage of water plant.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram that plantation is fixed with purse seine for fluitante.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is made further to explain with reference to specific embodiment.
A kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method, is as follows:
1) wetland of wetland park is investigated, obtains the natural conditions information of ecological wetland, according to the natural item Part information carries out initial option to the water plant used, and the water plant includes emergent aquactic plant, floatingleaved plant, heavy water plant Object, fluitante;Emergent aquactic plant is one or more in lotus, reed, cattail.Floatingleaved plant is water lily, is planted in offshore Close Sub-aqua area.Fluitante is duckweed.Submerged plant is one or more in hornwort, dragon's tongue, black algae.Emergent aquactic plant It is arranged with fluitante interval.
Natural conditions information include weather conditions, water body feature, soil characteristic, animal distribution, ecosystem vegetation present situation and Periphery Information of Ancient Human Activity, the natural conditions information as need the project information investigated;According to natural conditions information, to aquatic Plant carries out initial option, and weather conditions include climate change in 1 year, temperature, air humidity, rainfall, and water body feature includes Depth, the water quality situation of water, animal distribution is mainly water fish class, and ecosystem vegetation refers to trees and the Shui Zhongshui of ecosystem Grass, not destroy ecosystem vegetation in water when planting aquatic plants, periphery Information of Ancient Human Activity be mainly people activity and Amount of flow.
The condition of the initial option water plant is:Durability against pollution is strong, good purification, plants suitablely, develops native soil money Source is introduced new quality product kind with science and is combined, and well developed root system, biomass is big, has ecological security, has certain economy, landscape Benefit, cultureal value and comprehensive utilization value.
2) information for combining ecological wetland water purifying, plants different water plants;
3) it combines Landscape construction, ecological effect and humane aesthetics to configure the aquatic plant species filtered out, builds Aquatic vegetation is planted, water plant planting range and quantity are defined;From biology, ecological and practical application side Face carries out observation record to the water plant of primary election;Mainly for the biology, Ecological Characteristics and practical application of water plant Maximally related feature-morphological feature, growth rhythm (phenology), overwintering suspend mode etc. carry out observation record, record the first bud time, bloom The information such as time, result time, withered time, overwintering suspend mode situation, winter landscape, to its green phase, flowering fruit bearing stage, viewing period etc. into Row is observed, is counted, comparing.
4) when planting aquatic plants, region is carried out to water plant and is fixed.Submerged plant is hornwort, dragon's tongue, black algae In it is one or more, be planted in profundal zone, using regional plantation, several fixations be inserted in the centre of each regional plantation Timber.
Fluitante is duckweed, is planted in close to the position on bank, and plantation, purse seine upper semisection dew is fixed using purse seine Go out the water surface, purse seine bottom end is not contacted with water-bed face, and there are gaps.Fish can move about from the bottom end of net, enter fluitante area In domain, enclosure net structure is designed with conducive to fish migration in fluitante region, while can prevent duckweed in the flowing of the water surface again, Be conducive to the plantation of duckweed.
Water plant planting area accounts for the 20-30% of wetland park coverage of water.
It can also use in water body and polluted-water is handled using microorganism and water plant synergistic purification polluted-water method. On the one hand, water plant provides good environment for the implantation of microorganism water purification bacterium or flora.On the other hand, when microorganism is net Water sustained release is positioned in water, and the microorganism water purification bacterium being attached on water plant or flora are brought back to life, and start to breed, and are attached to Biomembrane is formed on submerged plant, is gradually absorbed ammonia and nitrogen organic and nitrite etc. in water, is achieved the purpose that water purification.Further Aspect, while submerged plant and phytoplankton are used, it works along both lines, while acting on water surface and deepwater regions, to pollution The clean-up effect of water body is more preferable.
(2) using microorganism slow release tube as the carrier of complex microorganism preparations, microorganism slow release tube both ends seal, and pipe shaft is beaten Aperture makes microorganism formulation have preferable slow-release function.
(3) microorganism slow release tube binding force is stronger than general carrier, therefore microbial bacteria will not be under water impact easily It falls off, while the viable bacteria fast onset water purification of release acts on, is also diluted with water or breaks up, therefore will not be original to water body Ecological environment damages or other harmful effects.
Microorganism principal degradation pesticide, also some waste lumps are degraded.
Complex microorganism preparations, including microorganism and two class of complex enzyme composition:
The compound bacteria that microorganism is mainly made of bacillus licheniformis, pseudomonas putida, pseudomonad.
Complex enzyme includes mainly protease, amylase and cellulase.
Sponge is equipped in microorganism slow release tube, sponge is hollow columnar structures, and sponge is equipped with a lot of thin holes, with culture cloth It adds culture solution, also have complex enzyme, then bacterium is inoculated on culture cloth, cloth is filled in the hollow columnar structures of sponge, so After put into microorganism slow release tube, bacterium can flow out from the sea holes Shang Xi, be discharged to outside microorganism slow release tube, reach slowly be sustained it is micro- The effect of biology.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method, which is characterized in that be as follows:
1) wetland of wetland park is investigated, obtains the natural conditions information of ecological wetland, believed according to the natural conditions Breath carries out initial option to the water plant used, and the water plant includes emergent aquactic plant, floatingleaved plant, submerged plant, drift Floating plant;
2) information for combining ecological wetland water purifying, plants different water plants;
3) Landscape construction, ecological effect and humane aesthetics is combined to configure the aquatic plant species filtered out, planting water Plant group is defined water plant planting range and quantity;
4) when planting aquatic plants, region is carried out to water plant and is fixed.
2. a kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it is described from Information in terms of so conditional information includes aquatic phytobiology, ecology and practical application.
3. a kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to endure Water plant is one or more in lotus, reed, cattail.
4. a kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described floating Leaf plant is water lily, is planted in the close Sub-aqua area of offshore.
5. a kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described heavy Water plant is one or more in hornwort, dragon's tongue, black algae, profundal zone is planted in, using regional plantation, in each area The centre of domainization plantation is inserted with several fixed timbers.
6. a kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the drift Floating plant is duckweed, is planted in close to the position on bank, region fixed form is that plantation, purse seine upper half is fixed using purse seine Section exposes the surface, and purse seine bottom end is not contacted with water-bed face, and there are gaps.
7. a kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that by micro- life Carrier of the object slow release tube as complex microorganism preparations, the sealing of microorganism slow release tube both ends, pipe shaft spile, microorganism are sustained Piping is on water plant.
8. a kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water Plant cultivated area accounts for the 20-30% of wetland park coverage of water.
CN201810613294.3A 2018-06-14 2018-06-14 A kind of wetland park water plant water environment purification method Pending CN108439608A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109293155A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-02-01 中徽生态环境有限公司 A kind of biological purification system and its application in wetland park water body treating
CN109691358A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-30 花王生态工程股份有限公司 A kind of wetland species diversity habitat system construction method for wetland park

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100834091B1 (en) * 2007-02-07 2008-06-02 유용호 Fence style fabricated mode of life water plant island
CN201190129Y (en) * 2008-03-07 2009-02-04 上海市南洋模范中学 Fence apparatus of floating plants
WO2009154539A1 (en) * 2008-06-18 2009-12-23 Phytohydrology Europe Ab A floating plant bed for biological water treatment
CN101880088A (en) * 2010-07-07 2010-11-10 国家城市给水排水工程技术研究中心 Aquatic plant compositing technology used for reclaimed water and landscape waterbody eco-remediation
CN102674553A (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-09-19 山东潍坊东盛园艺有限公司 Method for selecting aquatic plants of ecological wetland
CN104528942A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-22 浙江绿凯环保科技股份有限公司 Method for microorganism and aquatic plant cooperative purification of polluted water body

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100834091B1 (en) * 2007-02-07 2008-06-02 유용호 Fence style fabricated mode of life water plant island
CN201190129Y (en) * 2008-03-07 2009-02-04 上海市南洋模范中学 Fence apparatus of floating plants
WO2009154539A1 (en) * 2008-06-18 2009-12-23 Phytohydrology Europe Ab A floating plant bed for biological water treatment
CN101880088A (en) * 2010-07-07 2010-11-10 国家城市给水排水工程技术研究中心 Aquatic plant compositing technology used for reclaimed water and landscape waterbody eco-remediation
CN102674553A (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-09-19 山东潍坊东盛园艺有限公司 Method for selecting aquatic plants of ecological wetland
CN104528942A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-22 浙江绿凯环保科技股份有限公司 Method for microorganism and aquatic plant cooperative purification of polluted water body

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109293155A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-02-01 中徽生态环境有限公司 A kind of biological purification system and its application in wetland park water body treating
CN109691358A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-30 花王生态工程股份有限公司 A kind of wetland species diversity habitat system construction method for wetland park

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Address after: 230088 9th Floor, G4 D District, Phase II, Innovation Industrial Park, Junction of Innovation Avenue and Yunfei Road, Hefei High-tech Zone, Anhui Province

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Address after: 230088 9th Floor, G4 D District, Phase II, Innovation Industrial Park, Junction of Innovation Avenue and Yunfei Road, Hefei High-tech Zone, Anhui Province

Applicant after: Anhui Dadi Landscape Co., Ltd.

Address before: 230088 9th Floor, G4 D District, Phase II, Innovation Industrial Park, Junction of Innovation Avenue and Yunfei Road, Hefei High-tech Zone, Anhui Province

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