CN1084347A - The integrated system that the cultivation management crops are used - Google Patents

The integrated system that the cultivation management crops are used Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1084347A
CN1084347A CN93105225A CN93105225A CN1084347A CN 1084347 A CN1084347 A CN 1084347A CN 93105225 A CN93105225 A CN 93105225A CN 93105225 A CN93105225 A CN 93105225A CN 1084347 A CN1084347 A CN 1084347A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
track
railcar
cross bar
crops
integrated system
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Granted
Application number
CN93105225A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1044764C (en
Inventor
魏启星
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GYE SUNG WI
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GYE SUNG WI
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Publication date
Priority to KR92-5921 priority Critical
Priority to KR92005921U priority patent/KR950006175Y1/en
Priority to KR92-9829 priority
Priority to KR92009829U priority patent/KR950006764Y1/en
Priority to KR93-4197 priority
Priority to KR2019930004197U priority patent/KR940021580U/en
Application filed by GYE SUNG WI filed Critical GYE SUNG WI
Publication of CN1084347A publication Critical patent/CN1084347A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1044764C publication Critical patent/CN1044764C/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention provides the integrated system that a kind of cultivation management crops are used, it has the vinyl plastics canopy of not establishing pillar, be used for carrying railcar and the track of farm implements and crop, be used for the agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus of prevention and elimination of disease and pests, and warming warm braw heating installation of using and the pipeline that gives warm braw to use.The skeleton structure rigidity of vinyl plastics canopy is big, simple installation.Use this integrated system, also can have suitable temperature in the holding chamber winter, can both cultivate crops effectively throughout the year.

Description

The integrated system that the cultivation management crops are used
The present invention relates to a kind of integrated system that use is set for the various crops of cultivation management.More detailed saying relates to have the arviculture comprehensive management system of following each several part: the built up construction of installing the vinyl plastics canopy; Seedling in the vinyl plastics canopy of being installed; Be the necessary various utensils of the above-mentioned seedling of cultivation management; The rail set, the rail vehicle that use for ease of the crop of carrying results; It during crop culture the agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus that prevention and elimination of disease and pests is used; In season in winter is to keep the hot blast heating installation that indoor temperature suitable in the vinyl plastics canopy is used.
In the past, never the people proposed the integrated system that any the present invention of elephant uses for the cultivation management crops like this, had only and behaved known for installing the built up construction of using in vinyl plastics booth and greenhouse.Used pipe when laying the vinyl plastics booth in the past, all be with rounded long tube of section, this pipe is because length is long, so flexible, crooked easily, and intensity is low, when arranging framework, cross bar and vertical pole must be arranged very closely, and in order to support heavy framework, pillar also must be arranged very closely.
Therefore, bought the expense height of material, the time installation that needs has also extended, and this becomes the high reason of cost of equipment.Special owing to must arrange pillar very closely, just can not carry out high efficiency management to the farming area.
Moreover the greenhouse is not to resemble to adopt the assembling framework the vinyl plastics canopy, so not only required cost of equipment height, and, manage the also very big disadvantage of needed expense in addition in the big place of four seasons temperature Change.
Promptly, can keep suitable indoor temperature naturally in spring and winter, yet in summer, because indoor being in almost is the state of sealing, temperature is too high, must start air-conditioning to reduce indoor temperature, otherwise in the winter time, indoor temperature is low excessively, must improve indoor temperature with heating installation again, so just need dual equipment investment expense and management maintenance expense.Consequently high cost of equipment and administrative expenses become the main cause of the production cost rising of agricultural product, thereby have produced the problem that sales competitiveness descends.
Therefore, integrated system of the present invention is a kind of saving cost of equipment and management maintenance expense, be provided with the vinyl plastics canopy that to guarantee the cultivation management area to greatest extent, and possess the integrated system that in this vinyl plastics canopy, to cultivate and to bring up the various devices of each plant species efficiently.Briefly explain the feature of above-mentioned various piece below.
The pipe that the built up construction of employed assembling vinyl plastics canopy is used among the present invention is that the two sides of in the past circular pipe are flattened, and being section is rectangular pipe.
This rectangle pipe is owing to be to be under pressure in vertical direction, so have very high intensity, therefore, when setting up vinyl plastics canopy with equivalent area, can be assembled into the vinyl plastics canopy that is provided with pillar fully, make it possible to maximally utilise the farming area.
Track among the present invention is the very narrow narrow gauge track in the interval between the track, is making the downside of rectangular a pair of track, with the fixed interval that equates " " the shape carriage, be provided with conversion equipment towards other direction in the place of track bifurcated, make that railcar can linear running, also can turn.
The feature of the railcar of moving on above-mentioned track is: wheel is formed by upper and lower two sections, and wheel is moved keeping holding from two tracksides up and down under the state of track, thereby has prevented the railcar derailing or topple.
Particularly, railcar possesses the power source of forming by by accumulator, drive motors in car body inside, both can be moved by power drive, also can be moved with hand propelled by manpower without power.Further be also be provided with the shelf that multistage carrying crops and the necessary various utensils of cultivation management crops are used on the car, and various mechanical device to be loaded on the railcar directly also.
The agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus is an object lesson that is loaded in the device on the railcar, and this device is agricultural chemicals and air to be mixed together be loaded in the jar, by means of the pressure of air wherein the agricultural chemicals jet spread is come out.
Also have, the hot blast heating installation mainly is to start in the winter time, makes it to produce hot blast, the temperature maintenance in the vinyl plastics canopy on the needed optimum temperature of the growth that is crops.
As mentioned above, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of above-mentioned every characteristic synthesis of having of using of cultivation management crops system that is, this system provides the firm vinyl plastics canopy of not establishing pillar, makes the arable land to utilize most effectively; Lay track on ploughing, the railcar of the various mechanical devices of carrying agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus and so on can orbit; And has the heater that to keep suitable indoor temperature in the winter time, so that can carry out cultivation and the raising of crops effectively.
Below, present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying.
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of the whole systems of expression the present invention;
During vinyl plastics canopy that Fig. 2 is in setting up the present invention to be adopted, the stereogram after a part of major part of the state during for the assembling of expression built up construction decomposes;
Fig. 3 A is the overlapping state diagram that is assembled on the vertical pole of single cross bar in the framework of vinyl plastics canopy of Fig. 2;
Fig. 3 B is that all there is the superincumbent state diagram of the overlapping assembling of cross bar the upper and lower both sides of vertical pole in the framework of vinyl plastics canopy of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is in order to represent the stereogram of the another kind of embodiment of vinyl plastics canopy framework after the decomposition of composite construction particularly;
Fig. 5 is the legend of another embodiment of Fig. 4 under assembled state;
Fig. 6 is a legend of seeing Fig. 4 assembled state from the side of cross bar;
Fig. 7 is an assembled state of seeing Fig. 4 from the side of cross bar, and the expression cross bar is mounted on the legend on the vertical pole;
Fig. 8 is an assembled state of seeing Fig. 4 from the side of vertical pole, the state that connecting rod for indication is connected with upper and lower cross bar among the figure;
Fig. 9 is the legend that covers vinyl film on the framework that assembles or load onto plate glass in Fig. 4;
Fig. 9 A is the legend that covers vinyl film;
Fig. 9 B is a legend of loading onto plate glass between cross bar and cross bar;
Figure 10 is a legend of a pair of cross bar on the vinyl plastics canopy framework being made all-in-one-piece cross bar truss;
Figure 11 is the legend of the member that is assembled into the cross bar truss;
Figure 12 is the enlarged drawing of expression cross bar truss connecting state;
Figure 13 is the legend of the state on the vertical pole that is fixed on by the cross bar truss that cross bar is assembled into;
Figure 14 is the stereogram of the track that adopts among the present invention, and wherein a part is omitted;
Figure 15 A is the front view of Figure 14 middle orbit;
Figure 15 B is a legend of representing interconnective states such as Figure 14 middle orbit;
Figure 16 is the legend of another kind of track in the track that adopts among the present invention;
Figure 17 A is the front view of Figure 16 middle orbit;
Figure 17 B is the legend of the interconnective states such as track among expression Figure 16;
Figure 18 A is the end view of the track that adopts of the present invention;
Figure 18 B and Figure 18 C are the cross sections that adds the state of stiffener or side direction supporter on the track of Figure 18 A;
Figure 19 is arranged on the stereogram of the cross one another transfer of track of the present invention;
Figure 20 A, 20B are the legends of the curved or linear running state of the transfer among Figure 19;
Figure 21 is the stereogram that is illustrated in the state that connects the operation track on the transfer of Figure 19;
Figure 22 is the amplification partial cutaway diagrammatic sketch of the B ' position connection status of expression Figure 21;
To be track of the present invention be connected the stereogram that track or curve connect the state that track is connected at infall with straight line for Figure 23 A, 23B;
Figure 24 is the stereogram of railcar of the present invention;
Figure 25 A, 25B are the front view and the end views of Figure 24 middle orbit car;
Figure 26 is the cutaway view that the railcar key component is amplified;
Figure 27 is another embodiment of railcar, is a kind of example of simple railcar;
Figure 28 is the legend of another embodiment of railcar;
Figure 29 is the legend of another embodiment of transferring power in the railcar;
Figure 30 is the legend that will install the state of operating desk on railcar;
Figure 31 is a legend of having installed the state of operating desk on railcar;
Figure 32 is the stereogram that agricultural chemicals of the present invention scatters car;
Figure 33 A, 33B are end view and the front views that agricultural chemicals scatters car;
Figure 34 is the stereogram of hot blast heating installation of the present invention;
Figure 35 A, 35B are the sectional view and the front views of hot blast heating installation;
Figure 36 is the positive view of hot blast heating installation;
Figure 37 A, 37B are that extraneous air flows into the hot blast heating installation, and the legend of vinyl plastics canopy inner air cyclic process.
Fig. 1 is the General Arrangement of an embodiment of the integrated system that is used for arviculture management of the present invention.A is the good vinyl plastics canopy of installing, shown the situation that in quite broad vinyl plastics canopy, does not have pillar fully among the figure, on ploughing, formed field (G),, arranged pipeline (F) and track (20) alternately in the centre of field (G) with field (G).Pipeline (F) is communicated with the warm braw heating installation (E) that is arranged on vinyl plastics canopy (A) end.Each bar track connects track (58) by transfer (40) or curve and links to each other with the operation track, and transfer (40) is connected track (58) and all is arranged in vinyl plastics canopy inside with curve.
Specify above-mentioned integrated system according to each part below.
Fig. 2 is in order to represent the amplification exploded perspective view of the major part assembled state of A ' part in the vinyl plastics canopy (A), Fig. 3 and Fig. 3 B are the concrete assembly drawings of Fig. 2, Fig. 3 A is the single overlapping assembled state figure of cross bar (2) and vertical pole (1), and Fig. 3 B is that up and down two cross bars (2,2 ') overlap assembled state figure on the vertical pole (1).
The concrete structure description of the package assembly of vinyl plastics canopy (A) is as follows.
Vertical pole of making of the rectangle pipe (1) and the continuous arranged crosswise of cross bar (2), on the crosspoint, inject connector (3) in the middle of two bars and support this two bars, connecting rod (10) surrounds the pipe of mutually orthogonal, cross bar (1) and vertical pole (2) are fixed, be combined into the framework of vinyl plastics canopy (A).
Connector (3) is by forming in dull and stereotyped (4) and each a pair of support plate (5) in opposite directions of upper and lower both sides thereof, the direction difference of upper and lower support plate (5), cross one another, and all have stiffener (6) to bend inwards on each support plate (5), form groove (7).The connecting rod of being made by an iron bar (10) is that benchmark forms inclination to both sides with sweep (11), the end of one side forms have contact with (12) of sealing, the end of opposite side then is that the two ends of iron bar are bent into arc, the coupling part that formation can separate (13).
The concrete assembled state of the vinyl plastics canopy (A) of this structure is shown among Fig. 3 A and Fig. 3 B.
Fig. 3 A is the assembly drawing of the state that combines with vertical pole (1) of a cross bar of expression (2), cross bar (2) and vertical pole (1) pass on the connector (3), the groove of following both sides (7), fix the cross bar (2) of intersection and vertical pole (1) afterwards, the discerptible coupling part of connecting rod (10) (13) is opened, after the below of vertical pole (1) one side embeds upward, cross the bar (2), sweep (11) is on the position that rides over cross bar (2) top, then coupling part (13) are hung over the below of vertical pole opposite side, thereby vertical pole and cross bar are fixed.
Like this, after framework assembled fully, cover the vinyl plastics film, this vinyl plastics film can lid layer, also can cover two layers.
Be to cover two layers state shown in the figure.Inboard vinyl film (14) be close to vertical pole (1) below, the vinyl film in the outside (15) then covers on cross bar (2).Because the interval between inboard vinyl film (14) and the outside vinyl film (15) is narrow, formed air layer is also thin, and heat insulation effect is just poorer slightly than the structure among Fig. 3 B, is used in warm area or better in warm effect in season.
Fig. 3 B is the assembly drawing of the bonding state that is piled up at a vertical pole (1) and upper and lower two cross bars (2), and the method for assembling is with above-mentioned identical to the described method of Fig. 3 A.But, because tie point (3) will be from the combination with it of upper and lower both sides, so the connector of both sides (3) must be together with each other at an easy rate on the same position of vertical pole (1).
That is, as shown in Figure 2, the lateral length (L) of the flat board (4) of connector (3) is different with longitudinal length (W), and the inside length of lateral length (L) is wanted to hold longitudinal length (W).Like this, as shown in Fig. 3 B, could arrange two cross bars (2) overlappingly.Arrange overlappingly when laying two-layer vinyl plastics film on the framework that two cross bars (2) assemble this, interval (d ') between vinyl film of internal layer (14) and the outer field vinyl film (15) much wide than among Fig. 3 A, middle air layer is also just thick, so can obtain much better heat insulation effect.
From Fig. 4 to Figure 13 other embodiment of the skeleton structure of vinyl plastics canopy.
The pipe that is used for cross bar and vertical pole is the rectangle pipe from section, they are being stood placing, between cross bar and vertical pole, inject connector again they are supported, and two cross bars that are arranged in the upper and lower both sides of vertical pole are coupled together with connecting rod, just assembled.
Vertical pole (1) and cross bar (2) arranged crosswise continuously mutually, in the middle of their, inject connector to be assembled into framework.On upper and lower same vertical line of vertical pole (1), inject connector (3) respectively, cross bar (2) is inserted in the fixed groove (7) of above-mentioned connector (3), cross bar (2) below the hook part (17) of dead lever (16) is hooked afterwards, again attachment plug (18) is injected connecting hole (2 ') lining of top cross bar (2), they are fixed.
The concrete assembling situation that the present invention forms in a manner described is shown in Fig. 5.Fig. 6 is the state of seeing from Fig. 5 side, and Fig. 7 is illustrated in the legend that the continuous state of two cross bars (2) is arranged on the upper-lower overlapping ground of vertical pole (1), and Fig. 8 is a legend of seeing the state of Fig. 7 from the side.
On upper and lower same the vertical line of vertical pole (1), insert connector (3) respectively, then cross bar (2) is injected each connector (3), vertical pole (1) and cross bar (2) are mounted to mutual rectangular crossing condition.Since be used on the connector (3) plug-in mounting and fixedly the fixed groove (7) of vertical pole (1) and cross bar (2) be to form by supporting stiffener (6), support the contact-making surface of each bar by it, so support very firmly.Space between the connector (3) is rectangular, and upper and lower cross bar (2) and vertical pole (1) are met at right angles to be supported across, has formed the very high framework of intensity, can prevent that the framework that assembles is distorted or is out of shape.
Particularly as shown in Figure 8, the interval (d of connecting rod (16) to equate 2) connect mounted connector (3) between two connecting rods (16).But, can be between each connecting rod (16) mounted connectors (3) all, also can install one every an interval.
That is, in order between two adjacent connectors (3), to couple together the closely-spaced (d between connector (3) and the connecting rod (16) with connecting rod (16) with big interval 1) and two connecting rods (16) between uniformly-spaced (d 2) should divide large-spacing (D) and make same size.
Therefore, connector (3) is arranged on same the straight line with identical large-spacing (D) with connecting rod (16), and by means of this connected mode, the supporting between the fulcrum is just short at interval, thereby can obtain very high comparatively speaking intensity, the framework of being formed simultaneously is very firm.
In the present invention, can plate glass perhaps be installed at the outside vinyl film that covers of the framework that assembles, concrete surface has gone out embodiment among Fig. 9.Fig. 9 A is the legend that externally covers the state of vinyl film, and Fig. 9 B is the state that plate glass (19) are installed between two cross bars (2) that are installed in the outside.They are adhesively fixed with silicones in the outside of plate glass and the surperficial coupling part and the both sides of cross bar (2).
In Figure 10, allow the fore-and-aft plane of a pair of cross bar of making by the rectangle pipe (2) be on the same vertical plane, by cramp bar (10 ') they are fixed, just formed the higher cross bar truss of intensity.Cramp bar (10 ') is alternately being fixed cross bar continuously by the vertical bar with tilting, there are connecting hole (2 "); in the time will setting up the cross bar truss continuously; connecting the end that fuse (141) inserts adjacent two cross bars (2), with screw, nut itself and cross bar (2) are fused of perforation at the two ends of each cross bar (2).
The connection status of the cross bar truss of Zu Chenging is shown among Figure 11 in a manner described.
As shown in figure 12, connecting the end that fuse (141) injects adjacent two cross bars (2), from a side of cross bar (2) screw is extended through the opposite side of cross bar (2) again, fasten with spiral shell, the cross bar truss has just linked together.
When the cross bar truss sets up with equal intervals, can be as shown in figure 13, cross bar (2) with the cross bar truss one side vertical pole (1) that intersects that meets at right angles is fixed on the cross bar with identical distance, between cross bar (2) and vertical pole (1), insert connector (3) afterwards, they are fixed with forniciform connecting rod (10).
Therefore, the higher cross bar truss of this intensity coupled together be assembled into skeleton, can set up extremely firm framework, make the interval of cross bar truss and vertical pole (1) can be provided with widelyer, required raw material can be reduced significantly, thereby the framework of firmer vinyl plastics canopy can be when saving cost of equipment, built.
In sum, owing to when setting up vinyl plastics canopy (A), adopted the rectangle pipe as vertical pole (1) and cross bar (2), it is higher than the intensity of in the past pipe, therefore, when being assembled into whole skeleton mutually, not only firmer with this pipe, and can be built into and do not have pillar, the vinyl plastics canopy that ratio vinyl plastics canopy in the past is big several times makes the arable land to be utilized, and can cultivate and manage crops expeditiously.
Figure 14 is the concrete expression crops that are mounted with the carrying results to Figure 23 B, perhaps scatters the rail set (B) of various railcars of the device of agricultural chemicals, and railcar can be moved on these tracks.Rail set (B) comprises that based on track (20) transfer (40), straight line connect track (57) and be connected track (58) with curve, and they all form as the basic element of character with track and support.
Track is the curved rectangle in upper and lower surface from section.Support is pressed equal fixed interval on the track of a pair of above-mentioned shape, just formed track.
The track of Xing Chenging is made certain length in a manner described, is connected to each other laying, because the section of track is rectangle, intensity is big, so be loaded as necessary various utensils of cultivation management crops and device, perhaps load the railcar of the agricultural product of producing, can successfully move.
Below, with reference to the accompanying drawings it is elaborated.
Figure 14 is an embodiment of track (20), and this figure is the stereogram that has omitted mid portion, and Figure 15 A, 15B are the legends of its end view and connection status.Figure 16 is another embodiment of track (20), and Figure 17 A, 17B are the legends of its end view and connection status.
Figure 18 A is a state legend of seeing track (20) from the front, and Figure 18 B, 18C have the legend of the state of stiffener (30) and lateral supports (31) respectively in the bottom surface of track (20) and side.
Curved up and down, centre be on a pair of rectangle track (21,22) of hollow space (29 '), press equal fixed interval " " shape support (23), just formed track (20).Support (23) is arranged on the downside and the outside of two tracks (21,22), is fixed on the lateral surface of two tracks to plate (23 ') by interior.On each bight of support (23) and flat board, form inclination reinforcing section (24) and reinforcing band (26) respectively, to strengthen the intensity of support (23).The fixing hole (25) that perforation is arranged in dull and stereotyped central authorities.
Track (20) by above-mentioned formation is made certain length, couples together continuously and lays, and its method of attachment can have nothing in common with each other.Figure 14 with shown in Figure 15 A be one of them example: cut the identical breach of length at the track two ends of track (20), and it is symmetrical up and down at the two ends of track otch, the one end injects the anchor tip (27) that has connecting hole (27 '), the other end then forms and inserts retaining head (28), have the corresponding to connecting hole of connecting hole (27 ') (28 ') with anchor tip head (27) above, above-mentioned connection status is shown in Figure 15 B.
When with the track (20) of the track (20) of a side and opposite side when being connected, insertion on one side line rail retaining head (28) is covered and inserts on the anchor tip (27) of opposite side track, insert connecting hole (28 ') with the steady pin (not shown) in addition then, the track of both sides is fixed.
In addition, Figure 16 and than having represented another kind of connected mode among the 17A.
This mode is in the hollow space (29 ') of any end of (20) two tracks of track (21,22), inserts joint (29 '), and it is fixed.When connecting track (20) continuously, as shown in Figure 17 B, the joint of a side line rail (29) is injected in the hollow space (29 ') of opposite side track, it is fixed.
Just can be by means of above-mentioned variety of way the continuous length that connects into needs of track (20).Particularly, when track (20) is laid very longly,, can lay like this, also can in laying, go up the suitable auxiliary equipment of interpolation at nearly frame (23) according to the state of ground.
The represented track structure of Figure 18 A is to be laid on common ground legend, because so can be laid on the narrow place, can there be any obstruction at the interval of track (21,22) to plant when cultivation management within 20cm.
Structure shown in Figure 18 B is the legend that is laid on general geology soft spot, has added stiffener (30) in addition in the bottom surface of support (23), sinks to below ground to prevent track (20).
Structure shown in Figure 18 C is the legend that is laid on the place of skidding easily, has set up lateral supports (31) in the side of support (23), to prevent that track (20) is to laterodeviation.
The specific part that this final purpose of setting up stiffener (30) and lateral supports (31) on support (23) in addition is to prevent the track that will be provided with causes distortion owing to sinking or deflection or damages, it can make the track (20) that will lay not need to repair, and becomes the track that can use semipermanently.
In rail set (B), the place at each track intersection, bifurcated all is provided with different devices in addition, and Figure 19 to Figure 23 is the legend of these devices.
Figure 19 is the stereogram to device (40), Figure 20 A, 20B are the legends that transfer (40) is in turn operation and linear running state, Figure 21 is a legend of the state that operation track (55) is connected with transfer (40), and Figure 22 is the enlarged drawing of the connection status of the coupling part between the track (B ') among Figure 21.Transfer (40) is arranged on the place of track bifurcated in the rail set (B), is the control device that a kind of traffic direction that can make track is changed between straight line and curve, and it is constructed as follows described.
One end of curve track (42) links to each other with straight line track (41), two parts are merged into a single whole, on two contacts that link to each other, the left side is housed respectively accommodates case (53) and case (54) is accommodated on the right side, save each track from that part that the joint of the straight line track (43) of inboard and the curve track (46) in the outside goes to the merging direction, and a commutation bearing support (52) is installed on this joint, go up with a commutation of axle installation track (50) at this commutation bearing support (52), the front end of commutation track (50) can be housed in a left side, case (53 is accommodated on the right side, 54) lining, its handle (51) then is exposed.Wherein, the medial surface of commutation track (50) is an arcwall face, and lateral surface is a flat face, on the reversing arrangement (40) of pressing the said structure composition, each root track and support is contained on the support plate (48), just can provide standardized finished product.
Concrete state during the commutation of the reversing arrangement of Gou Chenging (40) is shown in Figure 20 A and Figure 20 B in a manner described.
State when Figure 20 A is curved shape track, the front end of commutation track (50) is housed in the right side and accommodates in the case (54), form the arc track, at this moment, the inboard arcwall face of commutation track (50) is on same the camber line with the concentric circle of arc track (45) of inboard basically, so railcar (seeing for details following) can be at track upper edge arc-operation, successfully conversion direction.
Figure 20 B is the state during the shape track linearly, the front end of commutation track (50) is housed in the left side and accommodates in the case (53), form the linear track, commutation track (50) outside flat face and inboard straight line track (43) are on same the straight line, parallel with outside straight line track (44), so railcar can be successfully at track upper edge linear running.
Will make direct of travel convert camber line or straight line in this transfer (40), the handle of available action commutation track (50) is finished at an easy rate.When with handle (51) left or the right side when pulling, commutation track (50) promptly rotates to the direction opposite with handle around pivot, and its front end is included into accommodating in the case (53,54) of left side or right side, has just converted linear or camber line shape at an easy rate.
As shown in figure 21, have in the reversing arrangement (40) of function, the front end of rectilinear orbit (41) and curve track (42) is connected with operation track (55) respectively, its coupling part (B ') as shown in figure 22, insertion joint (29) on the one side line rail is inserted in the hollow space (29 ') of opposite side track, just connected simply.
In addition, another embodiment that is arranged on the reversing arrangement on the crosspoint is shown in Figure 23 A, 23B.
Keep certain fixed interval to pitch on the plate (59) between each termination of operation track (55,55 ') and bifurcated track (56), linearly form square in the road.When as Figure 23 A, between operation track (55,55 '), straight line connection track (57) being installed, just form linear pattern, when as Figure 23 B, when installation curve is connected track (58) between the operation track (55) of a side and bifurcated track (56), just form shaped form, so just can reach its intended purposes.
Have on the rail set of above-mentioned feature (B), can operate to the needed nursery stock of carrying cultivation management crops, fertilizer and various farm implements, harvested product or the like, the railcar (C) of perhaps loading various devices.This rail set (B) and railcar (C) are not only as disclosing among the present invention, can install and use in vinyl plastics canopy (A) the inside, also can in the orchard that raises fruit trees, in the special-purpose crop-planting garden that gardening is used, and install in the animal house and use.
Railcar (C) can be divided into the motor railcar (C that power set are housed 1) and do not have the simple railcar (C of power set 2), its specific embodiment such as Figure 24 are to shown in Figure 29.
Figure 24 is motor railcar (C 1) stereogram of an embodiment, Figure 25 A and Figure 25 B are railcar (C 1) being contained in the front view and the end view of the state on the track (20), Figure 26 is railcar (C 1) the schematic partial sectional view of major part after amplifying.Motor railcar (C 1) big to being divided into the main part that constitutes car body; Be produced as the power generation arrangement that makes the necessary power of vehicle to run, and that wheel goes the transmission of power that is produced to driving, comprise the drive unit that drives wheel.
Main part is made up of main board (60) and the bearing support (70) that is fixed on the front and rear of this main board (60), this bearing support (70) is made up of horizontal supporting frame (71) that is made of one and vertical support frame (72), be converted to the downside in the place of vertical support frame (72) at horizontal supporting frame (71), be fixed with cramp bar (73).
Power generation arrangement is made of a series of parts.In accumulator (61), produce electric current, supply with drive motors (62), make drive motors (62) rotation, the rotary speed of this drive motors (62) is slowed down with reduction box (63), the starter toothed wheel (64) that is contained in the rotation on the reduction box (63) with axle links to each other with the driven wheel (76) that drives wheel (74) by starting chain (65), makes their associated movements.
Drive unit is to be contained in main board (60) below, make railcar (C) can successfully go up the device of operation at rail set (B), being constructed as follows of it: below main board (60), fixing by last, following two sections axletree cylinders (79,83) a pair of axle unit (84) of Xing Chenging, proper spacing spaced intermediate, axletree cylinder (79 at axle unit (84), 83) difference plug-in mounting axletree (78 in, 82), at each axletree (78,82) flange (75 is equipped with at two ends respectively, 81) wheel inwardly, the top is driving wheel (74), and the below is auxiliary wheel (80).
In the main part that has adopted above-mentioned formation, power generation arrangement, drive unit and in the railcar of forming (C), dynamic railcar (C 1) and simple railcar (C 2), because the function that they have is different with the purpose that reaches, so their structure is also different with label.
Motor railcar (C 1) as Figure 25 A, Figure 25 B and shown in Figure 26, in the top of main part one side and lower face interlock force generating apparatus and drive unit are housed respectively, on the driving wheel (74) that is positioned at starter toothed wheel (64) below, driven wheel (76) is contained on its axle, by starting chain (65) driven wheel (76) and starter toothed wheel (64) is linked up.Moving gear (76 ') then additionally is housed respectively on the driving wheel (76) of the other end, they is linked up by interlock chain (22).
This motor railcar (C 1) when operation can someone drive also can be unmanned.When the people drives operation, take advantage of at motor railcar (C 1) on the people depressed root (67) just, as be unmanned, then must be at motor railcar (C 1) on set up remote control in addition, with the unified control of remote controller vehicle operating.
Perhaps step on plate (67) by the people, perhaps by remote controller control, during the electric current of accumulator (61) input actuating motor (62), actuating motor (62) is rotation just, and rotating speed passes to starter toothed wheel (64) after being slowed down by reduction box (63), and it is rotated.Starter toothed wheel (64) one rotates, the driven wheel (76) that links to each other with starting chain (65) also rotates, driven wheel (74), at this moment, drive linkage gear (76 ') and the also motion simultaneously of interlock chain (77) that wheel (74) links to each other with the other end, thereby drive other driving wheel (74), make motor railcar (C 1) move along track (20).
Secondly, simple railcar (C 2) then shown in Figure 27 A, the axle unit (84) that drives wheel (74) and auxiliary wheel (80) only is housed is installed in main board (60) as the below, it can be by motor railcar (C 1) traction, perhaps directly haul or pushing away and use by the people, can use separately, also can several the uses that connect together.
Simple railcar (C 2) on can be set to load and carry multilayer shelf that the crop of cultivation management nursery stock or needed farm implements of crops and results uses or tool box, delivery case, also can be loaded as the needed various devices of cultivation management crops.Railcar of the present invention (C) is characterised in that, driving wheel (74) and auxiliary wheel (80) are arranged in the both sides up and down of track (21), when railcar (C) is advanced on track (20), owing to there is auxiliary wheel (80) to contact with the downside of track (21), to each wheel anti-derailing wheel (75,81) is arranged in the inboard of track, rocking from side to side of restriction railcar (C), even, can not derail or topple so railcar (C) has shaking of upper and lower, left and right when rail set (B) is gone up operation yet.
Figure 28 is railcar (C) prevents another embodiment of derailing, topple on track (20) a legend.
In the structure of the drive unit of railcar (C), drive wheel (74) and auxiliary wheel (80) anti-derailing wheel (75,81) is all arranged in the both sides of wheel, because track (21) is sandwiched between the anti-derailing wheel (75,81), even, also can get rid of the phenomenon that railcar (C) is derailed or toppled from track (20) fully so railcar is shaken.
In addition, at motor railcar (C 1) in, by the power-transmission system that actuating section and linkage portion are grouped into, can separately be contained in the both sides of railcar, also can install in a side partially as shown in figure 29, no matter adopt and that a kind of embodiment, can both obtain identical effect.
Railcar of the present invention (C) can be used as carrier, also can be used as Operation Van, and embodiment is shown in Figure 30 and Figure 31.
Central authorities at main board (60) are provided with fixing hole recessed down (60 '), pillar (90) vertically is inserted in this fixing hole (60 ') lining, the jack (91) that a plurality of break-through are arranged on pillar, after cramp bar (94) inserts pillar (90) with its intubate (93), on suitable height, steady pin (92) is inserted in jack (91) lining, the position of fixed bearing bar (94).Like this, two in succession, fixing between the railcar (C) of cramp bar (94) on the pillar (90), the hook of shelf (95) (96) is hung on the cramp bar (94), shelf is fixed.Because many layer shelves (95) can be set, so can carry a large amount of apparatus and the crop of results simultaneously, as required, can also be sitting in or stand on the shelf (95) and carry out operation, so it also has the feature with the auxiliary vehicle of doing one's assignment.
Said above that can load and use to be the needed various apparatus of cultivation management crops, its specific embodiment be shown among Figure 32, Figure 33 A and Figure 33 B on railcar (C).
Figure 32 goes up the stereogram that loads agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus (D) in railcar (C), and Figure 33 A and Figure 33 B are the end view and the front views of agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus (D).
As its name suggests, agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus (D) is the device that is used for scattering agricultural chemicals, when the cultivation management crops, up to harvest time, often will scatter agricultural chemicals from immature rice shoot, so that rice shoot can be grown up strong and sturdy.But, harmful because agricultural chemicals has very violent toxicity, thus must be careful, particularly between the such closed chamber of the vinyl plastics canopy that almost can not ventilate, must significant care note.
Agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus of the present invention (D) charges into diluted pesticide and air in upper and lower two jars together, by means of nozzle etc. agricultural chemicals is sent forth to nebulize, and is dispersed on the crop, can obtain good effect in the such confined space of vinyl plastics canopy.
(D) is loaded in motor railcar (C when the agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus 1) and simple railcar (C 2) go up when using, load the motor railcar (C of agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus (D) 1) on remote control can be installed, and load the simple railcar (C of agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus (D) 2) can be with the motor railcar (C that remote control is housed 1) traction, thereby can under the unmanned state, scatter agricultural chemicals.When only being loaded in simple railcar (C 2) when going up, can directly scatter agricultural chemicals by the people of the agricultural chemicals that looses.
Last jar (100) and following jar (101) fix it with bearing support (102), make its connection with tube connector (114), with carrier pipe (107) the playpipe in the place ahead (108) be located at down jar (101) rear portion and be communicated with away from the outlet (104) of playpipe, in parallel magnetic valve (105) and hand-operated valve (106) between outlet (104) and carrier pipe (107), many nozzles (109) are installed on playpipe (108), switch valve (110) is housed on the nozzle, manometer (103) and injection valve (116) are equipped with in top and rear portion last jar (100), draining valve (115) and vertically disposed is housed on following jar (101), the transparent capacity display tube (112) of capacity indication ball (113) is being adorned in the inside, and the label that does not mention (111) is a fixation clamp.
The using method of the agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus (D) of this structure is very simple.Behind agricultural chemicals and water mixed diluting, force the agricultural chemicals of dilution injection to be gone up in jar (100) by injection valve (116), and then inject air by injection valve (116).Can inject air in the jar at an easy rate by means of the compressor (not shown).The jar pressure inside is injected air up to reaching suitable pressure by piezometer (103) expression.Filling be drawn to after the place that will scatter agricultural chemicals through the agricultural chemicals of dilution and the agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus (D) of air, just can or have under people's the situation and scatter agricultural chemicals at nobody.Unmanned distributing method is to make railcar (C) open magnetic valve (105) while advancing by means of remote controller, being sent forth away by the nozzle (109) of playpipe (108) through carrier pipe (107) by pressure through the agricultural chemicals of dilution again.The aperture of available switch valve (110) is regulated the amount of sending forth, and a jar interior surplus is represented by the indication ball (113) in the capacity display tube (112).
Someone distributing method is directly to use hand operated hand-operated valve (106) to send forth by the people who dusts crops with an insecticide, and it sends forth in process and the unmanned distributing method said identical.
Someone distributing method mainly uses at the immature initial stage of rice shoot, agricultural chemicals is directly sent forth on rice shoot, and unmanned distributing method mainly uses in quite luxuriant or in harvest time in that crop is long.
Because the agricultural chemicals that ejects with nozzle (109) resembles to disperse the mist and opens, and all parts of crop all are impregnated into, it is much better that its control efficiency is prevented and treated method than other.
Moreover, when summer of sweltering heat in the such confined space of vinyl plastics canopy (A), when utilizing the unmanned method of scattering to start the agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus to send agricultural chemicals forth, can prevent very effectively that the people is subjected to the danger of the hazard of pesticides.
Yet, when the various crops of vinyl plastics canopy (A) lining cultivation management, in spring, summer, three seasons of autumn, because weather is warm, crops can successfully grow, but to winter, because cold, crops just look slowly, when temperature drops to when subzero, and problem such as will freeze to death.
The method that can how much solve some the problems referred to above is when building vinyl plastics canopies (A), lays two-layer or three-layer ethylene plastic film, to improve heat insulation effect.But when night and severe cold, the indoor temperature of vinyl plastics canopy (A) lining sharply descends, and can make crops be subjected to freeze injury.So be necessary to be provided with the suitable heating installation that can prevent this injury, indoor temperature remained on normal temperature.
Therefore, adopted warm braw heating installation (E) as heating installation in the present invention.
Warm braw heating installation of the present invention (E) is to make from fan blower air of sending here and the hot gas that produces from heating furnace to carry out heat exchange in heat-exchanging chamber, become after the warm braw, each major part of delivering to vinyl plastics canopy (A) by pipe saliva (F) makes its heat radiation, keeps normal temperature laboratory.
When raise crop, fermentation such as compost, chemical fertilizer can produce acetic acid gas, inferior acetic acid gas, ammonia or the like, and the proportion of these gases than the about big 1.3-1.8 of air doubly under the intensive situation of crop, can not be discharged these gases outdoor fully.Therefore, warm braw heating installation of the present invention (E) utilizes the wind pressure that changes that produces from the bottom surface, carries out forced circulation, and these gases are discharged to the outside.
Yet, when starting warm braw heating installation (E), produce combustion gas, in the early stage, it is very smooth to discharge combustion gas, if but start for a long time, on the inwall of combustion gas and coal ash and so on meeting attached to heat-exchanging chamber, combustion rate is reduced, and the sulfur dioxide gas that contains in this pernicious gas not only can corrode the inwall of heat-exchanging chamber, shortened the service life of heating installation greatly, and flow in the vinyl plastics canopy when sulfur dioxide gas, when having polluted indoor air, can make crops withered, also can make human body generation various diseases, even reach the fatal harm degree.
Therefore; in order to protect human body and crops not to be contained the injury of the various pernicious gases of sulfur dioxide gas, prolong the useful life of warm braw heating installation (E), and keep the high thermal efficiency constantly; the inside of heat-exchanging chamber be must wash with water, various pernicious gases and coal ash removed.
Warm braw heating installation of the present invention (E) except being the main purpose to have the function of supplying warm braw, still is a kind of device that can reach the subsidiary purpose that can wash inside.Below, describe this point in detail with reference to accompanying drawing.
Figure 34 is the stereogram of warm braw heating installation (E), and Figure 35 A and Figure 35 B are the partial cutaway diagrammatic sketch of seeing with the front from the side, and Figure 36 is a vertical profile diagrammatic sketch of seeing heat-exchanging chamber (130) from the front.
On the bottom surface of the main body (120) of warm braw heating installation (E), laterally fix underframe (125) abreast, having the wheel (126) that is contained on the axletree that it can be moved easily in the both sides of underframe (125) respectively.
The front of main body (12) is sealed, and there is warm braw outlet (123) in the place ahead of two sides, and it is opening that the back forms air inflow part (128).Heating furnace (121) protrusion that burning diesel oil produces heat is installed with in the front of main body, fan blower (129) then is installed in the inside of back, the action of these devices is by control cabinet (122) control, and control cabinet (122) is arranged on the front of main body, and distance is very near during use.
Heat-exchanging chamber (130) is equipped with in the inside of main body (120), and heat-exchanging chamber (130) all has certain intervals apart from the front and back of main body.Heat-exchanging chamber (130) outwards has the 1st circular chamber (132), the 2nd circular chamber (133) and the 3rd circular chamber (134) to run through therebetween successively from the lining, the 1st circular chamber is simple cylindrical shape, the the 2nd and the 3rd circular chamber all is two annular canister that the different cylinder of diameter is formed in the outside of the 1st circular chamber.Keep between each circular chamber forming air flue (135,136) at interval, be communicated with by tube connector (139) between per two circular chambers.
The 1st circular chamber (132) of heat-exchanging chamber (130) is connected with the hot blast exhalant (131) of the outlet of inserting heating furnace (121) and communicates, one section inside that reaches the 1st circular chamber (132) that hot blast exhalant (131) is quite long.
Upside at the 3rd circular chamber (134) is provided with vertical blast pipe (124), and the wastewater collection passage (138) of the spill that is made of one is arranged in its bottom surface, in the below of an end of this wastewater collection passage (138) draining valve (127) is housed.
As shown in Figure 1, the warm braw heating installation (E) of Gou Chenging is located at an end of vinyl plastics canopy (A) in a manner described, the front portion that comprises the main body (120) of the blast pipe (124) of plugging in chimney, place in the vinyl plastics canopy (A), the rear portion then is exposed at outside the canopy, and pipeline (F) is connected on the warm braw outlet (123).
In addition; shown in Figure 37 A and 37B; a side of exposing at heating installation (E); be provided with the warm braw unit room that becomes one with vinyl plastics canopy (A); this warm braw unit room is protected warm braw heating installation (E) on the one hand, on the other hand, and the feasible air that sucks warm braw heating installation (E); both can be the air in vinyl plastics canopy (A) inner loop, also can be the air that sucks in from the outside fully.
Shown in Figure 37 A, when sucking air outside, airborne oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide gas etc. all flow to, and make the inside of airtight vinyl plastics canopy can keep being similar to natural general condition, the unlikely growth that influences plant.In addition, owing to sucked air outside, can also regulate vinyl plastics canopy temperature inside and humidity.
Therefore, just can freely control vinyl plastics canopy temperature inside and humidity, make it to meet round the clock and changes of seasons.
The switch of control cabinet (122) is pushed ON, start heating furnace (121) and fan blower (129), the hot gas that contains the combustion gas that heating furnace (121) produced just flows into the 1st circular chamber (132) by thermal transpiration pipe (131), again after the 2nd, the 3rd circulation indoor circulation, be discharged to the outside of vinyl plastics canopy (A) by vertically being inserted in chimney on the blast pipe (124).
When hot gas circulates by each circular chamber, the cold air of being forced to send into by fan blower (129) is heated in the process by the air flue between each circular chamber (135,136,137), become warm braw, warmed-up warm braw flows out warm braw outlet (123), infeeds each bar pipeline (F).The warm braw that enters pipeline (F) makes the inside of vinyl plastics canopy (A) keep warm by opening the tiny hole ejection on pipeline (F).Therefore, as long as start warm braw heating installation (E), just can make the temperature in the vinyl plastics canopy (A) keep suitable normal temperature no matter how cold winter, be convenient to crop culture.
Yet, if start warm braw heating installation (E) for a long time, include the various pernicious gases of coal ash can inwall attached to each circular chamber on, make the decrease in efficiency of warm braw heating installation (E), the lost of life also can hurt people and crops.In order to prevent above-mentioned harm, just must remove coal ash and various pernicious gas.
If with the fuel as heating installation such as volatility oil plant, oil, in order to remove its coal ash, must use the sulfuric acid of thin up, this coal ash is difficult to remove, and the problem of the inwall that can not be damaged.
In the present invention, starting the used fuel of warm braw heating installation (E) is diesel oil.Owing to contain sulfurous acid in the diesel oil, after burning, coal ash and sulfurous acid are with 2-1.5: on the inwall of 1 ratio attached to warm-air heating radiator, mainly be attached on the low temperature position, if so towards these positions Jia Shui, sulfurous acid just and water react generation washing agent-sulfuric acid.That is, SO takes place 4+ H 2O → H 2SO 4Reaction, itself will produce washing agent, naturally and understandably decomposes and disposes coal ash and sulfurous acid.The time of decomposing roughly has surplus minute of 10-20 just much of that.
The feature of warm braw heating installation of the present invention (E) just is to carry out laundry operation, removes the various pernicious gases that comprise coal ash with washing.
In order to implement laundry operation, at first from blast pipe (24) and warm braw outlet (123) dismantle chimney and pipeline, heating furnace (121) is also dismantled, and after the sealing of the front end of hot blast exhalant (131), (E) moves suitable place to the warm braw heating installation with any method.Owing on the bottom surface, adorning wheel (126), pushing away or drawing all being easy to move with axle.After moving suitable place to, under the state that draining valve (127) is opened, be enclosed within on the draining valve with a transparent vinyl tube in addition, and be erected to after the suitable height, inject washings by blast pipe (124), the washings that inject are from the 3rd circular chamber (134), filling the 2nd circular chamber (133), first circular chamber (132) are full of fully up to washings successively, and until till the suitable height of blast pipe (124).Suitably height can show with mark on the outer wall of warm braw heating installation (E).It is just passable that water is annotated this height.Stop to inject after the washings, place time enough (approximately 10-20 minute), till various harmful substances that comprise coal ash etc. are fully by water decomposition.
After coal ash and various pernicious gases etc. were decomposed, the various refuses that comprise coal ash just were deposited in the wastewater collection passage (138) and, have polluted washings on every side.After judging that coal ash and various pernicious gases etc. have been decomposed fully, draining valve (127) is opened, refuse is discharged to the outside.After dirty washings have been arranged, inject washings by blast pipe (124) again, dispose and remain near the interior and refuse of wastewater collection passage (138).
So, after the complete wash clean of each circular chamber of heat-exchanging chamber (120), when perhaps leaving standstill inner natural seasoning till, heating furnace (121) perhaps only is installed, (E) carries out the preheating of short time to the warm braw heating installation, makes its inside bone dry.The warm braw heating installation (E) that drying has been got well just can return to original state and install.Such washing process mainly is after having spent winter; implement when also it doesn't matter without warm braw heating installation (E), as long as annual washing 1-2 time just can keep its efficient; can use for a long time, can obtain the effect that protection people and crops are not subjected to various pernicious gas infringements.
In sum, the integrated system that the present invention uses for the cultivation management crops, have very firm and do not have pillar, the vinyl plastics canopy (A) in the arable land of the raise crop of energy spatial accommodation broadness, necessary when being provided with on the arable land of raise crop cultivation management crops for carrying rail set (B) and the railcar (C) that various utensils and harvested product are used easily, agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus (D) by means of the various damage by disease and insect of control, can make crops not influenced by damage by disease and insect and grow up strong and sturdy, particularly, start warm braw heating installation (E) in the winter time and produce warm braw, send to warm braw by pipeline (F) to the crops that are grown in field (G) lining, make indoor temperature, even in the winter time also can crop culture, no matter be how to change a kind of season, the whole year is the integrated system of production and supply agricultural product continuously.

Claims (12)

1, the integrated system that a kind of cultivation management crops are used, it has and does not have pillar, the vinyl plastics canopy (A) in the arable land of the raise crop that the energy spatial accommodation is wide, ground raise crop forms field (G), rail set (B) and pipeline (F) that the cultivation management crops are used are set between each field alternately, when going up promising cultivation management crop, can carry rail set (B) railcar (C) that the crop of various essential utensils and results is used easily, on this railcar (C), be loaded with the agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus (D) that the various damage by disease and insect of control are used, prevention and elimination of disease and pests easily, crop is grown up strong and sturdy, especially in the winter time, start warm braw heating installation (E) and produce warm braw, (F) sends to warm braw to the crops that grow in field by pipeline, make indoor warm, even in the winter time also can crop culture.
2, the integrated system that cultivation management crops as claimed in claim 1 are used, it is characterized in that, vinyl plastics canopy (A) is provided with the vertical pole (1) made with the rectangle pipe and cross bar (2) skeleton formed of interconnection continuously, insert connector (3) with supporting vertical pole and cross bar at infall, connecting rod (10) is put the pipe that stretches out round about on the spot, fixing cross bar (1) and vertical pole (2), connector (3) by dull and stereotyped (4) and on, each a pair of support plate (5) in opposite directions of following both sides forms, the lateral length (L) of dull and stereotyped (4) both sides is different with longitudinal length (W), the length of one side wants to hold opposite side down, the direction difference of two-side supporting plate (5), cross one another, inwardly bending of stiffener (6) is arranged on each support plate (5), form groove, the connecting rod of being made by an iron bar (10) is that benchmark tilts to form to both sides with sweep (11), the end of one side is that taking of sealing purchased (12), and two of the iron bar of opposite side curves open coupling part (13) respectively.
3, as claimed in claim 2 year palmitic acid managed the integrated system that crops are used, it is characterized in that, cross bar (2) below the hook part (17) of connecting rod (16) tangles is inserted and secured on its attachment plug (18) in the connecting hole (2 ') of top cross bar (2) afterwards again.
4, the integrated system that cultivation management crops as claimed in claim 2 are used, it is characterized in that, the fore-and-aft plane of the cross bar (2) that a pair of rectangle pipe makes is on the same vertical plane, be cross-linked with cramp bar (10 '), formation has improved the cross bar truss of intensity, cramp bar (10 ') is fixed on the cross bar (2) continuously alternately in mode vertical and that tilt, there are connecting hole (2 "); when connecting two cross bar truss; in two terminations that connect the adjacent truss of fuse (141) insertion, with screw-nut they are linked into an integrated entity again of perforation at the two ends of each cross bar (2).
5, the integrated system used of cultivation management crops as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, rail set (B) is by track (20) and transfer (40), and straight line is housed connects track (57) is connected track (58) with curve Turning Roadways and pitch plates (59) composition.
6, as claim 5 the integrated system used of brown cultivation management crops, it is characterized in that, the track (20) of rail set (B) is by curved up and down, the middle a pair of rectangle track (21,22) that forms hollow space (29 '), and with the fixed interval that equates on track (21,22) " " shape support (23) forms; in support (23) is being fixed on the lateral surface of two tracks (21,22) to plate (23 '); on each bight of support (23) and flat board, form reinforcing section (24) and the reinforcing band (26) of inclination respectively;, the fixing hole (25) of perforation is arranged in dull and stereotyped central authorities with raising intensity.
7, the integrated system that cultivation management crops as claimed in claim 5 are used, it is characterized in that, one end of transfer (40) the upper curve track (42) of rail set (B) links to each other with straight line track (41), be integrally combined, be equipped with respectively on two contacts that link to each other that case (53) is accommodated in the left side and case (54) is accommodated on the right side, save each track from that part that the joint of the straight line track (43) of inboard and the curve track (46) in the outside goes to the merging direction, and a commutation bearing support (52) is installed on this joint, go up with a commutation of axle installation track (50) at this commutation bearing support (52), its front end can be housed in a left side, case (53 is accommodated on the right side, 54) lining, its handle (51) then is exposed, the medial surface of commutation track (50) is an arcwall face, and lateral surface is a flat face.
8, the integrated system used of cultivation management crops as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that railcar (C) is the motor railcar (C that power set are housed 1) or do not have the simple railcar (C of power set 2).
9, the integrated system used of cultivation management crops as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that the motor railcar (C in the railcar (C) 1) by main part that constitutes car body and the power generation arrangement that produces power, and the transmission of power that is produced to driving wheel, comprise that the drive unit that drives wheel forms, main part is by main board (60) and to be fixed on main board (60) preceding, after bearing support (70) form, bearing support (70) is made of one horizontal supporting frame (71) and vertical support frame (72), be converted to the downside in the place of vertical support frame (72) at horizontal supporting frame (71), be fixed with cramp bar (73), power generation arrangement is made up of a series of parts, the electric current supply drive motors (62) that accumulator (61) produces, make the drive motors rotation, the rotary speed of this drive motors (62) is slowed down with reduction box (63), the starter toothed wheel (64) that is contained in the rotation on the reduction box (63) with axle links to each other by the driven wheel (76) on starting chain (65) and driving wheel (74), they are moved together, drive unit is being fixed by two sections axletree cylinder (79 in the below of main board (60), 83) a pair of axle unit (84) of Xing Chenging, the middle proper spacing that keeps, axletree cylinder (79 at this axle unit (84), 83) difference plug-in mounting axletree (78 in, 82), flange (75 is equipped with at two ends at each axletree respectively, 81) wheel inwardly, the top is to drive wheel (74), and the below is auxiliary wheel (80).
10, the integrated system used of cultivation management crops as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, simple railcar in the railcar (C) only is equipped with the below that the axle unit (84) that drives wheel (74) and auxiliary wheel (80) is installed in main board (60), top in main board (60), the tote box of multilayer shelf or carrying article perhaps is set, perhaps loads various devices.
11, the integrated system that cultivation management crops as claimed in claim 1 are used, it is characterized in that, the formation of agricultural chemicals dissemination apparatus (D) is: go up jar (100) and following jar (101) and fix with bearing support (102), with tube connector (114) they are communicated with, with carrier pipe (107) the playpipe in the place ahead (108) be located at down jar (101) rear portion and be communicated with away from the outlet (104) of playpipe, in parallel magnetic valve (105) and hand-operated valve (106) between outlet (104) and carrier pipe (107), many nozzles (109) are installed on playpipe (108), switch valve (110) is housed on the nozzle, manometer (103) and injection valve (116) are equipped with in top and rear portion last jar (100), draining valve (115) and vertically disposed is housed on following jar (101), and the capacity display tube (112) of capacity indication ball (113) is being adorned in the inside.
12, the integrated system used of cultivation management crops as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the formation of warm braw heating installation (E) is: laterally fixing underframe (125) on the bottom surface of main body (120) abreast, in the both sides of underframe (125) wheel (126) that is contained on the axletree is arranged respectively, can move easily;
The front of main body (120) is sealed, there is warm braw outlet (123) in the place ahead of two sides, the back forms air and flows into part (128), it is opening, heating furnace (121) protrusion that burning diesel oil produces heat is installed with in the main body front, fan blower (129) then is installed in inside, back, and the action of these devices is controlled by control cabinet (122);
Heat-exchanging chamber (130) is equipped with in the inside of main body (120), heat-exchanging chamber (130) all has certain intervals apart from the front and back of main body, heat-exchanging chamber (130) lining outwards has the 1st circular chamber (132) successively, the 2nd circular chamber (133) and the 3rd circular chamber (134) run through therebetween, the 1st circular chamber is simple tubular, the the 2nd and the 3rd circular chamber is in the outside of the 1st circular chamber, all be two annular canister that the different cylinder of diameter is formed, the interval that is kept between each circular chamber forms air flue (135,136), be communicated with by tube connector (139) between per two circular chambers;
The 1st circular chamber (132) of heat-exchanging chamber (130) is connected with the hot blast exhalant (131) that inserts heating furnace (121) outlet and communicates, one section inside that reaches the 1st circular chamber (132) that hot blast exhalant (131) is quite long, in addition, upside at the 3rd circular chamber (134) is provided with vertical blast pipe (124), in its bottom surface the wastewater collection passage (138) that is made of one is arranged, draining valve (127) is housed in the below of wastewater collection passage (138) one ends.
CN93105225A 1992-04-10 1993-04-10 Farming system for cultivating crops Expired - Fee Related CN1044764C (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR92-5921 1992-04-10
KR92005921U KR950006175Y1 (en) 1992-04-10 1992-04-10 Hot air heater
KR92-9829 1992-06-03
KR92009829U KR950006764Y1 (en) 1992-06-03 1992-06-03 Assembling building
KR93-4197 1993-03-20
KR2019930004197U KR940021580U (en) 1993-03-20 1993-03-20 Skeletal assembly structure of prefabricated structure using pipe

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1084347A true CN1084347A (en) 1994-03-30
CN1044764C CN1044764C (en) 1999-08-25

Family

ID=27348814

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Cited By (18)

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CN101473717B (en) * 2009-01-21 2011-06-29 尹树林 Field track and production operation main unit operated thereon and rain type watering machine
CN102754538A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-10-31 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Robot for multi-span greenhouse
CN102893799A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-01-30 北京工业大学 Automated vegetable planting and harvesting production line
CN103385136A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-11-13 宋世荣 Agricultural greenhouse type three-dimensional cultivation system
CN104176451A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-12-03 王宏东 Operation transporter for sunlight greenhouse
CN104206053A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-17 刘军 Automatic cultivator used in medium and small greenhouses
CN105010001A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-04 大连交通大学 Heating machine for vegetable and fruit greenhouse
CN105724231A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-07-06 崔学晨 Artificial environment hydroponics production line
CN105815156A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-03 安徽大生农业科技发展有限公司 Photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse
CN105850597A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-17 安徽大生农业科技发展有限公司 Overturning supporting frame for agricultural greenhouse
CN105941376A (en) * 2016-04-30 2016-09-21 徐志勇 Farmland chemical sprayer capable of walking along guide rail
CN106613564A (en) * 2016-11-20 2017-05-10 广西大学 Novel automatic plastic film mulching machine
CN107249308A (en) * 2015-02-13 2017-10-13 伊东电机株式会社 Plant cultivating device and plant cultivation system
CN108156944A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-15 南宁致侨农业有限公司 Vegetable harvesting equipment based on track
CN108966949A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-11 徐松 A kind of green house of vegetables of solid growth
CN108974808A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-12-11 汤博凯 Building body greening system based on network big data
CN109964573A (en) * 2019-04-24 2019-07-05 滦县众兴钢构有限公司 A kind of big farmland operation equipment
CN111758711A (en) * 2020-08-13 2020-10-13 丁一 Pesticide sprays track robot

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FR2621448A1 (en) * 1987-10-09 1989-04-14 Secomat Device for heating a greenhouse or similar enclosure
FR2680075A1 (en) * 1991-08-08 1993-02-12 Paris Sa Ets Device for automatic spraying inside greenhouses or the like

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101473717B (en) * 2009-01-21 2011-06-29 尹树林 Field track and production operation main unit operated thereon and rain type watering machine
CN102754538A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-10-31 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Robot for multi-span greenhouse
CN102754538B (en) * 2012-07-13 2015-09-09 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 For the robot of attached-greenhouse
CN102893799A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-01-30 北京工业大学 Automated vegetable planting and harvesting production line
CN103385136A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-11-13 宋世荣 Agricultural greenhouse type three-dimensional cultivation system
CN104176451A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-12-03 王宏东 Operation transporter for sunlight greenhouse
CN104206053A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-17 刘军 Automatic cultivator used in medium and small greenhouses
CN104206053B (en) * 2014-09-12 2016-03-16 刘军 A kind of for the automatic arable land device in middle-size and small-size green house
CN107249308A (en) * 2015-02-13 2017-10-13 伊东电机株式会社 Plant cultivating device and plant cultivation system
CN105010001A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-04 大连交通大学 Heating machine for vegetable and fruit greenhouse
CN105724231A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-07-06 崔学晨 Artificial environment hydroponics production line
CN105941376A (en) * 2016-04-30 2016-09-21 徐志勇 Farmland chemical sprayer capable of walking along guide rail
CN105815156A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-03 安徽大生农业科技发展有限公司 Photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse
CN105850597A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-17 安徽大生农业科技发展有限公司 Overturning supporting frame for agricultural greenhouse
CN105815156B (en) * 2016-06-01 2018-12-25 安徽大生农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse
CN105850597B (en) * 2016-06-01 2019-02-15 程伟 A kind of overturning support for agricultural greenhouse
CN106613564A (en) * 2016-11-20 2017-05-10 广西大学 Novel automatic plastic film mulching machine
CN108156944A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-15 南宁致侨农业有限公司 Vegetable harvesting equipment based on track
CN108974808A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-12-11 汤博凯 Building body greening system based on network big data
CN108966949A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-11 徐松 A kind of green house of vegetables of solid growth
CN109964573A (en) * 2019-04-24 2019-07-05 滦县众兴钢构有限公司 A kind of big farmland operation equipment
CN111758711A (en) * 2020-08-13 2020-10-13 丁一 Pesticide sprays track robot

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