CN108425349A - A kind of method of construction of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam - Google Patents

A kind of method of construction of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108425349A
CN108425349A CN201810204093.8A CN201810204093A CN108425349A CN 108425349 A CN108425349 A CN 108425349A CN 201810204093 A CN201810204093 A CN 201810204093A CN 108425349 A CN108425349 A CN 108425349A
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China
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dam
storage
power station
pumped
water
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CN201810204093.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄祖华
樊日宏
陈德华
覃光鲜
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陈德华
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B9/00Water-power plants; Layout, construction or equipment, methods of, or apparatus for, making same
    • Y02E10/22

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of methods of construction of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam, include the following steps:(1) addressing;(2) installed capacity is determined;(3) capital construction;(4) wind energy, solar energy are accessed;(5) aquaculture;(6) it goes sightseeing.The present invention is in large watershed middle and upper reaches, build the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam in High aititude mountain area, bulk power grid is abandoned into electricity, wind energy, solar energy etc. carries out extensive savings exploitation in the form of water energy, carry out peak load regulation network power generation, not only solve wind energy, solar energy cannot continuously provide stable energy problem to the user, wet season can also largely be abandoned to water and abandon electricity adjusting and utilized to dry season, substantially this basin even distruting water transregionally and Flood Control Problem are solved, and increase substantially middle and lower reaches river water flow in dry season, the shipping environment of river training, improve the shipping ability in river, the generating capacity of middle and lower reaches GROUP OF HYDROPOWER STATIONS whole year is greatly improved simultaneously, annual generated energy is significantly increased.

Description

A kind of method of construction of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam

【Technical field】

The present invention relates to technical field of power generation more particularly to a kind of methods of construction of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam.

【Background technology】

Energy crisis influences and constrains the sustainable development of human social economy to a certain extent.It is same with this When, a large amount of uses due to the mankind to the excessive dependence in conventional mineral mass-energy source and to fuel energy, caused greenhouse effect It answers and the serious pollution to atmospheric environment, and the living environment of the mankind is made to be faced with stern challenge.It is this in order to change Situation, the mankind have to seeking the new environment protection clean energy.

The utilization for greatly developing the energy such as water energy, solar energy and nuclear energy have become countries in the world and solve mineral energy Source crisis mitigates the important channel of air environmental pollution.Profit is sought and developed in China as energy consumption big country, carrying out the energy Many work, the successive construction and operation in a large amount of power stations and generating electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems for nuclear power station, solar energy production are also made with aspect The development of product, the market operation of device and scale plays certain product to alleviate China's fossil energy imbalance between supply and demand Pole acts on, but this far can not also meet the needs of socio-economic development.By the environment protection cleans energy such as water energy, wind energy, solar energy It is the serious hope and pursuit that the mankind dream of that source, which replaces traditional fossil fuel energy sources,.

China builds the technical merit in conventional hydraulic power station and scale has been walked in the forefront in the world, but builds large capacity Straddle over year adjusting pumped-storage power station quantity it is obviously insufficient, cause China and abandoned the current wet season to generate electricity and be more than Clean energy resourcies more than 60000000000 kilowatt hours.A kind of method not wasting these wet season clean energy resourcies how is found, has seemed ten Divide urgent.It is also extremely uneven in time and space to carry out water for China's great rivers simultaneously, how to make full use of with it is deployed these Valuable scarce resource, urgent need search out a kind of practicable solution.

【Invention content】

The present invention is directed to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of construction side of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam Method, this method keep the addressing of hydroenergy storage station and construction more convenient, can make full use of and abandon the progress such as electricity, wind energy and solar energy Extensive water-storage, carries out peak load regulation network power generation, and by the wet season abandon it is electrically amplified utilized to dry season, adjust this basin Even across basin adjusting waterpower resourses improve the generating capacity of middle and lower reaches GROUP OF HYDROPOWER STATIONS.

In order to achieve the goal above, the technical solution that the present invention takes is:A kind of big library pumped-storage power station of high dam Method of construction includes the following steps:

(1) addressing:According to the height of massif and river move towards carry out addressing, determine pumped-storage power station upper dam and The Shang Ba of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam and lower dam are built in the construction address on lower dam, planning;

(2) installed capacity is determined:Behind the construction address for determining Shang Ba and lower dam, according to Shang Ba, the upper and lower water of lower dam composition The installation of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam is calculated and determined in the adjusting storage capacity of head and lower storage reservoir between library as follows Capacity:

V=Δs HR/3150

Wherein:

V is installed capacity, and heads of the Δ H between upper and lower reservoir, R is the adjusting storage capacity of lower storage reservoir;

It is the detailed deduction process of above formula below:Known formula 2 and formula 3,

Formula 2.Q=R/25200;

Formula 3.V=η g Δs HQ;

In formula 2, formula 3:

Q is flow, is calculated by the 7h that draws water daily, i.e. 25200s;

η is gross efficiency, η=η1η2, take efficiency eta of drawing water1=0.9, generating efficiency η2=0.95, then gross efficiency η=η1η2= 0.9*0.95=0.855;

G is weight acceleration, takes g=9.8;

η, g are brought into formula 3, then installed capacity V=η g Δs HQ=0.855*9.8 Δs HQ=8.739 Δ HQ, facilitate meter It calculates, takes V=8 Δ HQ, then formula 2 is substituted into formula 3, then obtain V=Δs HR/3150;

(3) dam is built:Shang Ba is built according to the construction address and installed capacity of the selected big library pumped-storage power station of high dam With lower dam, Shang Ba and lower dam are disposably to build up;After lower storage reservoir and upper storage reservoir shape, start to improve channel system, workshop System and other auxiliary systems install pump-storage generator, network with national supergrid, start water-storage hair after debugging Electricity;

(4) wind energy, solar energy are accessed:Upper storage reservoir, the wind power generation on lower storage reservoir periphery, solar power generation are accessed into the storage that draws water Can unit, reinforce using the lower library wet season abandon water, power grid abandons electricity, be done step-by-step periodic water-storage function;

(5) aquaculture:Block planning is carried out to the waters of upper storage reservoir, lower storage reservoir, carries out net cage aquaculture, improves area Domain utility value;

(6) it goes sightseeing:Upper storage reservoir, lower storage reservoir neighboring area are irrigated, wasteland greening, fruits and vegetables plantation, scape are carried out Transformation is seen, and the service of going sightseeing is provided.

Preferably, the dam in the power station that the lower dam directly uses downstream built.

Preferably, the lower dam can also be formed by the increasing dam height in the power station that downstream is completed.

Above technical scheme is used, the invention has the advantages that:

(1) present invention builds the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam in mountain area, will abandon electricity, wind energy, solar energy etc. with water energy Form carry out large-scale development savings, and carry out peak load regulation network power generation, it cannot be continuously to use to not only solve wind energy, solar energy Family, which provides, stablizes energy problem, can also be used to water transfer, flood control, improves shipping environment, provides the utilization of natural energy resources One practicable effective way.

(2) the big library pumped-storage power station combination grid power of high dam of the invention carries out water-storage and carries out power grid tune Peak generates electricity, and networks with supergrid, and power transmission and distribution are convenient.

(3) building for dam can be divided into more phases on the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam of the present invention, be conducive to the scheduling of fund It arranges, upper dam carries out engineering construction using mountainous region, can not only decrease engineering excavation to avoid a large amount of good farmlands are occupied and return Quantities is filled out, and carries out wasteland greening, fruits and vegetables plantation, landscape renovation play larger facilitation to improving environment.

(4) middle and upper reaches of the present invention in basin build the big library of high dam, other than adjustable abridged edition basin wet season flow, It is convenient to distruting water transregionally.Since the water-storage of upstream acts on during flood, downstream river flow is reduced, and reduces downstream water The tailwater elevation of station group, the water in lower river, is equivalent to and improves downstream GROUP OF HYDROPOWER STATIONS in being discharged by the big library of control high dam Generating capacity, i.e. downstream GROUP OF HYDROPOWER STATIONS either can increase generating capacity in flood period or dry season, work as conservation storage When sufficiently large, the adjusting of basin waterpower resourses year, the effect for making the generating capacity of downstream GROUP OF HYDROPOWER STATIONS be doubled will be played the role of Fruit.

【Description of the drawings】

Fig. 1 is the power station distribution schematic diagram of Hongsuihe River upstream in embodiment;

Fig. 2 is the environmental impact schematic diagram of Nanpan River, China in embodiment;

Fig. 3 is the environmental impact schematic diagram in the north basins Pan Jiang in embodiment;

Fig. 4 is the environmental impact schematic diagram in numb Shahe basin in embodiment;

Fig. 5 is that the transmission & distribution in embodiment Zhong Huangjia factories power station are electrically accessed schematic diagram;

Fig. 6 is 1000~4000km radius schematic diagrames centered on Huang Jia factories in embodiment;

Fig. 7 is the horizontal layout schematic diagram of embodiment Zhong Huangjia factories pumped-storage power station;

Fig. 8 is the curve of areas of embodiment Zhong Huangjia factories pumped-storage power station;

Fig. 9 is the return water areal map of embodiment Zhong Huangjia factories pumped-storage power station water storage 1200m;

Figure 10 is the storage-capacity curve of embodiment Zhong Huangjia factories pumped-storage power station;

Figure 11 is the construction schematic diagram on dam on embodiment Zhong Huangjia factories pumped-storage power station;

Figure 12 is Dongjing hydropower station increasing dam height schematic diagram in embodiment.

In figure:The upper dams 10-;20- workshop systems;30- channel systems.

【Specific implementation mode】

The following examples and test example can help those skilled in the art that the present invention is more completely understood, but can not To limit the invention in any way.

By taking the construction of Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power station as an example, building for the big library hydroenergy storage station of high dam of the present invention is described Method is made, this method comprises the following steps:

(1) addressing:According to the height of massif and river move towards carry out addressing, determine pumped-storage power station upper dam and The Shang Ba of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam and lower dam are built in the construction address on lower dam, planning.

Huang Jia factories are located at the exit that Guizhou Province Xingren County enters northern Pan Jiang with the numb Shahe in Qinglong County boundary, away from Xingren county town Air line distance about 45km, away from Qinglong County county town about 20km.Fig. 1 is the power station distribution schematic diagram of Hongsuihe River upstream, and Fig. 2 is Nanpanjiang River The environmental impact schematic diagram in basin, Fig. 3 are the environmental impact schematic diagram in the north basins Pan Jiang, and Fig. 4 is numb Shahe The environmental impact schematic diagram in basin.As shown in Figures 1 to 4, numb Shahe middle and lower reaches river valley is deep, and paddy is deep generally 500 It is good at library condition between~700m, flood loss it is small, dam site, which has, builds high dam condition, and orographic condition is superior.When height of dam 630m, Dam crest axial length about 1396m, suitable with the rock dam crest axial length of natural bridge 178m high, dam engineering amount is small. Dongjing hydropower station after the increasing dam height in Huang Jia factories downstream then can be used as lower storage reservoir use.

As shown in figure 5, Huang Jia factories to Xingren County 1000kV super-pressure current conversion station air line distances be only 38km, apart from grand woods day Raw bridge power station 100km, transferring electricity from the west to the east is exactly in apart from Longtan hydropower station 185km apart from Three Gorges Key Water Project 740km It relays on channel, power transmission and distribution are convenient.

With the maturation of China's superhigh voltage DC transmission & distribution power technology, country is arranging super-pressure national network, and electricity It sells and abroad goes.EHV transmission technology can accomplish to belong to economic electric transmission range in 4000km radius at present.Such as Shown in Fig. 6, the economic coverage area south centered on Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power station is up to Indonesia, and west is up to Buckie Si Tan, north is up to Xinjiang and northeast, and east developed regions are even more within 2000km ranges, which will play national big networking To irreplaceable role.Therefore, it builds the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam in Huang Jiachang and meets addressing construction condition, simultaneously Also there are numerous advantages.

Fig. 7 is the horizontal layout schematic diagram of Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power station, and Fig. 8 is Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power station The curve of areas, return water range when Fig. 9 is Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power station water storage 1200m, backwater area when water level is 740m For 7.74*106m2, backwater area is 42.46*10 when water level is 900m6m2, backwater area is 118.25* when water level is 1090m 106m2, backwater area is 190.90*10 when water level is 1200m6m2, backwater area is 232*10 when water level is 1240m6m2

Figure 10 is the storage-capacity curve of Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power station, and storage capacity is 346.5*10 when water level is 740m6m3, water Storage capacity is 4127.3*10 when position is 900m6m3, storage capacity is 19386.4*10 when water level is 1090m6m3, returned when water level is 1240m Water area is 44847*106m3

(2) installed capacity is determined:Behind the construction address for determining Shang Ba and lower dam, according to Shang Ba, the upper and lower water of lower dam composition The adjusting storage capacity of head and lower storage reservoir between library, as follows 1 dress for being calculated and determined the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam Machine capacity:

V=Δs HR/3150

Wherein:

V is installed capacity, heads of the Δ H between upper and lower reservoir;R is the adjusting storage capacity of lower storage reservoir;

It is the detailed deduction process of above formula below:Known formula 2 and formula 3,

Formula 2.Q=R/25200;

Formula 3.V=η g Δs HQ;

In formula 2, formula 3:

Q is flow, is calculated by the 7h that draws water daily, i.e. 25200s;

η is gross efficiency, η=η1η2, take efficiency eta of drawing water1=0.9, generating efficiency η2=0.95, then gross efficiency η=η1η2= 0.9*0.95=0.855;

G is weight acceleration, takes g=9.8;

η, g are brought into formula 3, then installed capacity V=η g Δs HQ=0.855*9.8 Δs HQ=8.739 Δ HQ, facilitate meter It calculates, takes V=8 Δ HQ, then formula 2 is substituted into formula 3, then obtain V=Δs HR/3150.

Instantly when reservoir level elevation luffing is 580~585m, the corresponding storage capacity that adjusts is 0.731*108m3;Work as water level elevation When luffing is 585~590m, the corresponding storage capacity that adjusts is 1.462*108m3;It is corresponding to adjust when water level elevation luffing is 590~595m Section storage capacity is 2.193*108m3.After Dongjing hydropower station increasing dam height puts into operation, the adjusting storage capacity of lower storage reservoir is in 50*108m3 More than, installed capacity can also increase considerably.At this point, by the adjusting storage capacity R of the head Δ H and lower storage reservoir between upper and lower reservoir Substitute into formula 1 calculate the installed capacity V of Huang Jia factories hydroenergy storage station data it is as shown in table 1:

The data of 1 installed capacity V of table

In table 1, Δ H=H1-H2, H1 are the mean water height of upper storage reservoir, and H2 is the mean water height of lower storage reservoir.

(3) capital construction:Shang Ba is built according to the construction address and installed capacity of the selected big library pumped-storage power station of high dam With lower dam, Shang Ba and lower dam are disposably to build up;After lower storage reservoir and upper storage reservoir shape, start to improve channel system, workshop System and other auxiliary systems install pump-storage generator, network with national supergrid, start water-storage hair after debugging Electricity.

Figure 11 is the construction schematic diagram on dam on Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power station, and dam belongs to superelevation dam, Ke Yixuan on this The form that reinforced concrete face rockfill dam is rolled with the filling of upper flow regime cement mixed mortar is built, and engineering construction can be accelerated Progress and the safety for improving dam operation.As shown in figure 11, after the upper storage reservoir that upper dam 10 surrounds is built up, channel system is built 20, workshop system 30 and other auxiliary systems install pump-storage generator, network with supergrid, start to draw water after debugging Accumulation of energy;

Channel system 20 connects upper storage reservoir and lower storage reservoir, including intake-outlet, diversion tunnel, diversion surge-chamber, high-voltage tube Road, down stream surge-chamber, tailwater tunnel etc., channel system is embedded in underground along massif, and according to installation number of units, channel system can be with It is one-pipe, can also be multi-pipeline;It can be single tube single machine, can also be single tube multimachine or multitube multimachine.

Workshop system 30 includes main building, auxiliary power house, main transformer room, switchyard and goes out the field of line and bus tunnel, outlet Hole, into attached cavern such as factory's access tunnel, ventilation hole, collector drain etc..Main building, auxiliary power house, main transformer room etc. are placed in ground Under, switchyard and goes out the field of line and be arranged in underground chamber.

Figure 12 is Dongjing hydropower station increasing dam height schematic diagram, as shown in figure 12, in the downstream side of original rock, with Based on original rock, increase original dam by the way of core wall rockfill dam, forms Huang Jia factories water-storage water power The lower storage reservoir stood.

(4) wind energy, solar energy are accessed:Upper storage reservoir, the wind power generation on lower storage reservoir periphery, solar power generation are accessed into the storage that draws water Can unit, reinforce using the lower library wet season abandon water, power grid abandons electricity, be done step-by-step periodic water-storage function;

Wind power generating set is built in the highland air port of upper and lower near reservoir, is repaiied in the water surface or area without shade of upper and lower reservoir Photovoltaic plant is built, and electric power is accessed into pump-storage generator, periodically carries out wind energy, solar power generation in the form of water energy Savings, and carry out peak load regulation network power generation.

(5) aquaculture:Block planning is carried out to the waters of upper storage reservoir, lower storage reservoir, carries out net cage aquaculture;

The width of upper storage reservoir and lower storage reservoir, centre is made full use of to put the aquatic animals such as fish, crab in a suitable place to breed, reed, lotus root, water chestnut are planted in library side Wait water plants and raise duck, goose, otter etc., increase economic well-being of workers and staff.

(6) it goes sightseeing:Upper storage reservoir, lower storage reservoir neighboring area are irrigated, wasteland greening, fruits and vegetables plantation, scape are carried out Transformation is seen, and the service of going sightseeing is provided.

After the completion of Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power stations is built, using east ShiJi Co., Ltd east auspicious cloud big data technology into Row basin water resources are dispatched, and to building up the unified bulk power grid of China, Southeast Asia and West Asia, will be played an irreplaceable role, together When, to China build a dam and equipment manufacturing technology will be there are one significantly being promoted, to develop similar water conservancy and hydropower item in next step Mesh provides a highly beneficial scientific research platform.The construction of Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power station, also has periphery basin Following Beneficial Effect:

(1) normally high water storage level scheme can be considered and no longer builds Longtan hydropower station 400m, can increase the happy Kang Shui of level-one Power station, to make full use of this section of head of 375m~400m so that this section of head can be fully utilized.Increase the power stations Le Kang Afterwards, while the water flow in dry season in entire basin is increased, the development to entire basin shipping industry, facilitation is very huge.

(2) and after Long Tan, illumination and Tianshengqiao First cascade Hydropower Station combined dispatching, it is possible to reduce because needing to meet flood control requirement And the electric quantity loss of reduction.The mode of current most of pumped-storage power station tune power grid peak-valley electric energies is adjusted for day, power generation Efficiency only up to reach 75%, and Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power station participates in flood control and annual water transfer, only be to reduce this grade of water The generating efficiency of power station unit, does not lose generated energy so that overall generating efficiency is more than 1, or even has the effect of multiplication Fruit.

It (3), can after the combined dispatching of Huang Jiachang, Tianshengqiao-I, the four big reservoir of illumination and Longtan hydropower station is adjusted It is utilized so that the run-off of Nanpanjiang River, nearly 300 billion cubic meter in the north basins Pan Jiang is adjusted to dry season, in addition to flood control, water transfer etc. Outside water conservancy navigation benefit, current national about 60,000,000,000 kilowatt hour of wet season can also be abandoned electricity, be multiplied to dry season to utilize, It is substantially increased the economic and social benefit of Huang Jia factories pumped-storage power station.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of method of construction of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
(1) addressing:According to the height of massif and river move towards carry out addressing, determine the Shang Ba of pumped-storage power station and lower dam Construction address, planning build the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam Shang Ba and lower dam;
(2) installed capacity is determined:Behind the construction address for determining Shang Ba and lower dam, between the upper and lower reservoir formed according to Shang Ba, lower dam Head and lower storage reservoir adjusting storage capacity, be calculated and determined as follows the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam installation hold Amount:
V=Δs HR/3150
Wherein:
V is installed capacity, and heads of the Δ H between upper and lower reservoir, R is the adjusting storage capacity of lower storage reservoir;
(3) dam is built:Shang Ba is built under according to the construction address and installed capacity of the selected big library pumped-storage power station of high dam Dam, Shang Ba and lower dam are disposably to build up, and after lower storage reservoir and upper storage reservoir forming, start to improve channel system, workshop system And other auxiliary systems, pump-storage generator is installed, networks with national supergrid, starts pumped-storage power generation after debugging;
(4) wind energy, solar energy are accessed:Upper storage reservoir, the wind power generation on lower storage reservoir periphery, solar power generation are accessed into water-storage machine Group, reinforce using the lower library wet season abandon water, power grid abandons electricity, be done step-by-step periodic water-storage function;
(5) aquaculture:Block planning is carried out to the waters of upper storage reservoir, lower storage reservoir, carries out net cage aquaculture, improves region profit With value;
(6) it goes sightseeing:Upper storage reservoir, lower storage reservoir neighboring area are irrigated, wasteland greening is carried out, fruits and vegetables plantation, landscape change It makes, and the service of going sightseeing is provided.
2. a kind of method of construction of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described The dam in the power station that lower dam directly uses downstream built.
3. a kind of method of construction of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described The increasing dam height in the power station that lower dam is completed with downstream forms.
CN201810204093.8A 2018-03-13 2018-03-13 A kind of method of construction of the big library pumped-storage power station of high dam CN108425349A (en)

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1068377A (en) * 1996-08-27 1998-03-10 Hazama Gumi Ltd Pumped storage power station
CN101656423A (en) * 2009-09-29 2010-02-24 河北农业大学 Light-wind-water complementary type water pumping and energy storing power generation peak adjusting device

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1068377A (en) * 1996-08-27 1998-03-10 Hazama Gumi Ltd Pumped storage power station
CN101656423A (en) * 2009-09-29 2010-02-24 河北农业大学 Light-wind-water complementary type water pumping and energy storing power generation peak adjusting device

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
张克诚: "《抽水蓄能电站水能设计》", 30 June 2007, 中国水利水电出版社 *
闵新奇: "水库与旅游事业的发展", 《湖南水利》 *

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