CN108424100A - A kind of solid concrete brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of solid concrete brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108424100A
CN108424100A CN201810498715.2A CN201810498715A CN108424100A CN 108424100 A CN108424100 A CN 108424100A CN 201810498715 A CN201810498715 A CN 201810498715A CN 108424100 A CN108424100 A CN 108424100A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
weight
parts
puffing
stone
solid concrete
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810498715.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡建利
王杜槟
汤春林
林永刚
陈启超
游义才
王元彤
刘承
周晓龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Province Jinteng Environmental Building Materials Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Sichuan Province Jinteng Environmental Building Materials Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Province Jinteng Environmental Building Materials Co Ltd filed Critical Sichuan Province Jinteng Environmental Building Materials Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810498715.2A priority Critical patent/CN108424100A/en
Publication of CN108424100A publication Critical patent/CN108424100A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/14Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing calcium sulfate cements
    • C04B28/141Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing calcium sulfate cements containing dihydrated gypsum before the final hardening step, e.g. forming a dihydrated gypsum product followed by a de- and rehydration step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of solid concrete bricks and preparation method thereof, belong to building materials field.The raw material of above-mentioned solid concrete brick includes the humic acid of the puffing slag of 50 60 parts by weight, the flyash of 20 25 parts by weight, the stone of 15 20 parts by weight, the river sand of 8 12 parts by weight, the cement of 8 12 parts by weight, the dihydrate gypsum of 35 parts by weight, the glass bead of 23 parts by weight and 23 parts by weight.Puffing cinder ladle includes at least one of puffing bean dregs, puffing bagasse, popcorn slag and puffing tea grounds.The solid concrete brick is at low cost, and comprehensive performance is preferable.Preparation method includes:Mixture puffing slag, flyash, stone, river sand, cement, dihydrate gypsum, glass bead and humic acid according to the ratio, then plus water mixes, and obtains slurry;By slurry extrusion molding, first product is obtained, is conserved.The method is simple, can effectively improve the performance of solid concrete brick.

Description

A kind of solid concrete brick and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building materials fields, and more particularly to a kind of solid concrete brick and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Solid concrete brick is and admixture, the additive etc. that are added as needed with cement, aggregate, through adding water to stir It mixes, be molded, the brick of maintenance support.It is mainly used for masonry panel.In recent years, application is increasingly extensive.
But there are the following problems for current solid concrete brick:To obtain the high solid concrete brick of performance, to raw material More demanding and cost is higher.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of solid concrete bricks, and the solid concrete brick is at low cost, comprehensive performance compared with It is good.
The second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned solid concrete brick, and the method is simple, energy Enough effectively improve the performance of solid concrete brick.
The present invention solves its technical problem using following technical scheme to realize:
The present invention proposes a kind of solid concrete brick, and raw material includes the puffing slag of 50-60 parts by weight, 20-25 parts by weight Flyash, the stone of 15-20 parts by weight, the river sand of 8-12 parts by weight, the cement of 8-12 parts by weight, 3-5 parts by weight two water The humic acid of gypsum, the glass bead of 2-3 parts by weight and 2-3 parts by weight.
Puffing cinder ladle includes at least one of puffing bean dregs, puffing bagasse, popcorn slag and puffing tea grounds.
The present invention also proposes the preparation method of above-mentioned solid concrete brick, includes the following steps:
Mixture puffing slag, flyash, stone, river sand, cement, dihydrate gypsum, glass bead and humic acid according to the ratio, so Afterwards plus water mixes, and obtains slurry;By slurry extrusion molding, first product is obtained, is conserved.
The advantageous effect for the solid concrete brick and preparation method thereof that present pre-ferred embodiments provide includes:
The solid concrete brick that present pre-ferred embodiments provide by the way that above-mentioned various substances to be used as to the raw material of solid brick, On the one hand the utilization rate of various raw materials can be improved, and plays the role of certain waste utilization, reduce the production cost of solid brick; On the other hand material shrinking percentage, the resistance to compression of enhancing product, anti-folding and tensile strength can be reduced.Preparation method is simple, is conducive to make It is standby go out the preferable solid concrete brick of mechanical property.
Specific implementation mode
It in order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below will be in the embodiment of the present invention Technical solution be clearly and completely described.The person that is not specified actual conditions in embodiment, builds according to normal condition or manufacturer The condition of view carries out.Reagents or instruments used without specified manufacturer is the conventional production that can be obtained by commercially available purchase Product.
Solid concrete brick of the embodiment of the present invention and preparation method thereof is specifically described below.
The raw material for the solid concrete brick that the embodiment of the present invention is provided mainly includes puffing slag, the 20- of 50-60 parts by weight The flyash of 25 parts by weight, the stone of 15-20 parts by weight, the river sand of 8-12 parts by weight, the cement of 8-12 parts by weight, 3-5 weight The dihydrate gypsum, the glass bead of 2-3 parts by weight and the humic acid of 2-3 parts by weight of part.
Further, the raw material of solid concrete brick may include the puffing slag of 52-58 parts by weight, 22-24 parts by weight powder Two water of coal ash, the stone of 17-19 parts by weight, the river sand of 9-11 parts by weight, the cement of 9-11 parts by weight, 3.5-4.5 parts by weight The humic acid of gypsum, the glass bead of 2.2-2.8 parts by weight and 2.2-2.8 parts by weight.
Further, the raw material of solid concrete brick may include the puffing slag of 55 parts by weight, 23 parts by weight flyash, The glass of the stone of 18 parts by weight, the river sand of 10 parts by weight, the cement of 10 parts by weight, the dihydrate gypsum of 4 parts by weight, 2.5 parts by weight Change microballon and the humic acid of 2.5 parts by weight.
Wherein, puffing slag for example may include in puffing bean dregs, puffing bagasse, popcorn slag and puffing tea grounds extremely Few one kind.Above-mentioned various puffing slags are re-used to prepare solid brick as waste, its utilization rate can be improved, reach The effect of waste utilization, while can accordingly reduce the production cost of solid brick.It is worth noting that in above-mentioned puffing slag Contain more wood fibre in puffing bagasse and puffing tea grounds, as one of the raw material of solid brick, additionally it is possible to carry The compression strength of high solid brick.
Optionally, chemical composition includes 1-1.2 parts by weight in the flyash of every 100 parts by weight in the embodiment of the present invention SO3, 50-55 parts by weight SiO2, 1.5-2 parts by weight Fe2O3, 25-30 parts by weight Al2O3, 1.5-2 parts by weight CaO And the MgO of 5-5.5 parts by weight.Flyash containing above-mentioned chemical composition can reduce gel material content, control compared with the prior art Alkaline aggregate reaction reduces the heat of hydration, reduces bleeding and segregation phenomenon, the resistance to compression of enhancing product, anti-folding and tensile strength.
As optional, the stone in the embodiment of the present invention includes the big stone that grain size is 8-10mm and grain size is 3- The handstone of 5mm.The weight ratio of big stone and handstone such as can be 1:2-3.The is respectively included in big stone and handstone The weight ratio of one gangue and the second gangue, the first gangue and the second gangue is 1:1.5-2.The stone energy of above-mentioned grain size Better activation is played with cement.
Gangue is the solid waste generated in coal mining, washing process, and discharge capacity is equivalent to coal production 10%-20% is one of maximum solid waste of the current discharge capacity in China.Using gangue as base-material in the embodiment of the present invention One of, it can be achieved that recycling of the gangue in construction material, alleviate pollution and destruction of the gangue to environment.
Dihydrate gypsum is mainly used for improving condensation and the setting rate of solid brick in embodiments of the present invention, and improves solid Intensity and wearability after brick hardening.Specifically, the calcium sulfate in dihydrate gypsum can excite the activity of flyash, promote fine coal Grey aquation.Preferably, the water absorption rate of above-mentioned dihydrate gypsum is 30-35%, so that moisture extra in preparation process is after the drying Capillary stomata is left, makes solid brick that there is certain water imbibition.
The ageing-resistant weatherability of glass bead is strong, has excellent thermal insulation, fire prevention and sound absorption qualities, will in the embodiment of the present invention On the one hand it substitutes traditional normal expanded perlite and granular polystyrene as aglite, overcome expanded perlite water suction Property big, easy dusting, cubical contraction is big in slurry stirring, phenomena such as easily causing low product later strength and hollowing cracking, together When compensate for again granular polystyrene organic material is inflammable, fire protecting performance is poor, high temperature generate pernicious gas and ageing-resistant weatherability it is low, apply The defects of least big in work, improves the perfect comprehensive performance and workability of thermal insulation mortar;On the other hand mortar can be improved And easy mobility and from anti-intensity, reduce material shrinking percentage, improve product comprehensive performance, reduce comprehensive production cost.
As optional, the granularity of the glass bead in the embodiment of the present invention can be 0.5-1.5mm, and apparent density can be with For 300-350kg/m3, floatability can be 90-95%, and the Volume Loss rate of 1MPa pressure can be 30-35%.With above-mentioned The various raw material fitness highers provided in the glass bead and the embodiment of the present invention of property, the solid brick of gained it is physical Can, especially mechanical property is best.
The basic structure of humic acid macromolecular is aromatic ring and alicyclic ring, and carboxyl, hydroxyl, carbonyl, quinonyl and methoxy are connected on ring Ji Deng functional groups.The embodiment of the present invention is mainly used for playing the role of plasticising and diminishing as one of raw material.
It holds, by the way that above-mentioned various substances to be used as to the raw material of solid brick in the embodiment of the present invention, on the one hand can be improved each The utilization rate of kind raw material, and play the role of certain waste utilization, reduce the production cost of solid brick;On the other hand it can reduce Material shrinking percentage, the resistance to compression of enhancing product, anti-folding and tensile strength.
In addition, the embodiment of the present invention additionally provides a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned solid concrete brick, ground is can refer to, can be wrapped Include following steps:
Mixture puffing slag, flyash, stone, river sand, cement, dihydrate gypsum, glass bead and humic acid according to the ratio, so Afterwards plus water mixes, and obtains slurry;By slurry extrusion molding, first product is obtained, is conserved.
Preferably, puffing slag, flyash, stone, river sand, cement, dihydrate gypsum, glass bead and humic acid are prior to turning Speed is dry-mixed under conditions of being 4000-5000r/min, then adds water the wet mixing under conditions of rotating speed is 2000-2500r/min.
It is above-mentioned using first dry-mixed and then again by the way of wet mixing, each raw material mixing can be made more uniform.In dry mixing process, accompany by High-speed stirred can further improve the mixability between each raw material, further, it is possible under the action of high shear, make each It can have between ingredient and be mixed with other raw materials in the case where staggeredly mixing, such as the hole of dihydrate gypsum, to be more favorable for Reaction between raw material improves the combination degree between raw material.
Further, it is molded in the embodiment of the present invention and does not use extrusion forming, but extrusion molding.Ground is can refer to, it will be through It crosses in semi-drying concrete input hydraulic pressure molding machine made of action of forced stirring, kneading, the helical axis that molding machine is rotating quickly is transported High squeeze turned uniformly promotes concrete under force effect in mold, and hydraulic pressure is compacted, forms billet;Vibrator is by billet into one Vibratory compaction is walked, the motive force that billet generates pushes molding machine to move forward, green body is extruded by die orifice.
Specifically, under the action of the rotation helical axis that the slurry of input hydraulic pressure molding machine is 300-400r/min prior to rotating speed Slurry is promoted in mold, hydraulic pressure is compacted, obtains billet, then by billet under conditions of vibration frequency is 20-30 times/min Vibratory compaction, extrusion molding.
The first product obtained through the method, moisture content is low, and shrinking percentage is small, and green body compactness is high, and is mutually lapped in raw material Hole can be filled by cement and fine aggregate, enhance be combineding with each other between hydrated product, improve molding blank compactness.
Optionally, maintenance may include conserving for the first time in the embodiment of the present invention and second conserves, first time maintenance processes In in first product surface spray water, watering amount is 500-600mL/m2, after conserving 30-32h for the first time, then carry out second of maintenance. It sprinkles water in first time maintenance processes, so that first product keeps certain moist degree, avoids the crisp damage of its shrivelled Soviet Union.Watering amount control System is in 600mL/m2, excess moisture is can avoid, keeps finished product moisture content excessive, mechanical property is relatively low.
The feature and performance of the present invention are described in further detail with reference to embodiments.
Embodiment 1
With the puffing bean dregs of 50 parts by weight, the flyash of 20 parts by weight, the stone of 15 parts by weight, the river sand of 8 parts by weight, 8 The humic of the cement of parts by weight, the dihydrate gypsum of 3 parts by weight, the glass bead that 2 parts by weight water absorption rates are 30% and 2 parts by weight Acid is collectively as raw material.
Wherein, chemical composition contains the SO of 1 parts by weight in the flyash of every 100 parts by weight3, 50 parts by weight SiO2、1.5 The Fe of parts by weight2O3, 25 parts by weight Al2O3, the CaO of 1.5 parts by weight and the MgO of 5 parts by weight.
Stone contains the handstone that the big stone that grain size is 8mm and grain size are 3mm.The weight of big stone and handstone is 1:2.The first gangue and the second gangue, the weight of the first gangue and the second gangue are respectively included in big stone and handstone Amount is than being 1:1.5.
The granularity of glass bead is 0.5mm, apparent density 300kg/m3, floatability 90%, the volume of 1MPa pressure Loss late is 30%.
Above-mentioned puffing bean dregs, flyash, stone, river sand, cement, dihydrate gypsum, glass bead and corruption are mixed according to the ratio Acid is grown, it is dry-mixed under conditions of being 4000r/min prior to rotating speed, the wet mixing under conditions of rotating speed is 2000r/min is then added water, Obtain slurry.
By above-mentioned slurry input hydraulic pressure molding machine, prior under the action of rotation helical axis that rotating speed is 300r/min by slurry It is promoted in mold, hydraulic pressure is compacted, obtains billet;Then by billet vibratory compaction under conditions of vibration frequency is 20 times/min, Extrusion molding obtains first product.
Then it conserves for the first time, in first product surface spray water in first time maintenance processes, watering amount is 500mL/m2, first After secondary maintenance 30h, then second of maintenance is carried out, obtains solid concrete brick.
Embodiment 2
With the mixture of the puffing bagasse of 60 parts by weight and popcorn slag, the flyash of 25 parts by weight, 20 weight The stone of part, the river sand of 12 parts by weight, the cement of 12 parts by weight, the dihydrate gypsum that 5 parts by weight water absorption rates are 35%, 3 parts by weight Glass bead and 3 parts by weight humic acid collectively as raw material.
Wherein, chemical composition contains the SO of 1.2 parts by weight in the flyash of every 100 parts by weight3, 55 parts by weight SiO2、2 The Fe of parts by weight2O3, 30 parts by weight Al2O3, the CaO of 2 parts by weight and the MgO of 5.5 parts by weight.
Stone contains the handstone that the big stone that grain size is 10mm and grain size are 5mm.The weight of big stone and handstone It is 1:3.Respectively include the first gangue and the second gangue in big stone and handstone, the first gangue and the second gangue Weight ratio is 1:2.
The granularity of glass bead is 1.5mm, apparent density 350kg/m3, floatability 95%, the volume of 1MPa pressure Loss late is 35%.
Above-mentioned puffing bean dregs, flyash, stone, river sand, cement, dihydrate gypsum, glass bead and corruption are mixed according to the ratio Acid is grown, it is dry-mixed under conditions of being 5000r/min prior to rotating speed, the wet mixing under conditions of rotating speed is 2500r/min is then added water, Obtain slurry.
By above-mentioned slurry input hydraulic pressure molding machine, prior under the action of rotation helical axis that rotating speed is 400r/min by slurry It is promoted in mold, hydraulic pressure is compacted, obtains billet;Then by billet vibratory compaction under conditions of vibration frequency is 30 times/min, Extrusion molding obtains first product.
Then it conserves for the first time, in first product surface spray water in first time maintenance processes, watering amount is 600mL/m2, first After secondary maintenance 32h, then second of maintenance is carried out, obtains solid concrete brick.
Embodiment 3
With the mixture of the puffing bagasse of 52 parts by weight and puffing tea grounds, the flyash of 24 parts by weight, 17 parts by weight Stone, the river sand of 11 parts by weight, the cement of 9 parts by weight, 4.5 parts by weight water absorption rates be 32% dihydrate gypsum, 2.2 parts by weight Glass bead and 2.8 parts by weight humic acid collectively as raw material.
Wherein, chemical composition contains the SO of 1 parts by weight in the flyash of every 100 parts by weight3, 52 parts by weight SiO2、1.8 The Fe of parts by weight2O3, 27 parts by weight Al2O3, the CaO of 1.8 parts by weight and the MgO of 5.2 parts by weight.
Stone contains the handstone that the big stone that grain size is 8.5mm and grain size are 3.5mm.The weight of big stone and handstone Amount is 1:2.4.The first gangue and the second gangue, the first gangue and the second bastard coal are respectively included in big stone and handstone The weight ratio of stone is 1:1.6.
The granularity of glass bead is 0.5mm, apparent density 320kg/m3, floatability 92%, the volume of 1MPa pressure Loss late is 32%.
Above-mentioned puffing bean dregs, flyash, stone, river sand, cement, dihydrate gypsum, glass bead and corruption are mixed according to the ratio Acid is grown, it is dry-mixed under conditions of being 4250r/min prior to rotating speed, the wet mixing under conditions of rotating speed is 2200r/min is then added water, Obtain slurry.
By above-mentioned slurry input hydraulic pressure molding machine, prior under the action of rotation helical axis that rotating speed is 325r/min by slurry It is promoted in mold, hydraulic pressure is compacted, obtains billet;Then by billet vibratory compaction under conditions of vibration frequency is 24 times/min, Extrusion molding obtains first product.
Then it conserves for the first time, in first product surface spray water in first time maintenance processes, watering amount is 520mL/m2, first After secondary maintenance 30.5h, then second of maintenance is carried out, obtains solid concrete brick.
Embodiment 4
With the puffing bean dregs of 58 parts by weight, the mixture of puffing bagasse and puffing tea grounds, 22 parts by weight flyash, The stone of 19 parts by weight, the river sand of 9 parts by weight, the cement of 11 parts by weight, 3.5 parts by weight water absorption rates be 34% dihydrate gypsum, The glass bead of 2.8 parts by weight and the humic acid of 2.2 parts by weight are collectively as raw material.
Wherein, chemical composition contains the SO of 1.2 parts by weight in the flyash of every 100 parts by weight3, 54 parts by weight SiO2、 The Fe of 1.6 parts by weight2O3, 29 parts by weight Al2O3, the CaO of 1.6 parts by weight and the MgO of 5.4 parts by weight.
Stone contains the handstone that the big stone that grain size is 9.5mm and grain size are 4.5mm.The weight of big stone and handstone Amount is 1:2.8.The first gangue and the second gangue, the first gangue and the second bastard coal are respectively included in big stone and handstone The weight ratio of stone is 1:1.8.
The granularity of glass bead is 1.5mm, apparent density 340kg/m3, floatability 94%, the volume of 1MPa pressure Loss late is 34%.
Above-mentioned puffing bean dregs, flyash, stone, river sand, cement, dihydrate gypsum, glass bead and corruption are mixed according to the ratio Acid is grown, it is dry-mixed under conditions of being 4270r/min prior to rotating speed, the wet mixing under conditions of rotating speed is 2400r/min is then added water, Obtain slurry.
By above-mentioned slurry input hydraulic pressure molding machine, prior under the action of rotation helical axis that rotating speed is 375r/min by slurry It is promoted in mold, hydraulic pressure is compacted, obtains billet;Then by billet vibratory compaction under conditions of vibration frequency is 26 times/min, Extrusion molding obtains first product.
Then it conserves for the first time, in first product surface spray water in first time maintenance processes, watering amount is 580mL/m2, first After secondary maintenance 31.5h, then second of maintenance is carried out, obtains solid concrete brick.
Embodiment 5
With the puffing slag of 55 parts by weight, the flyash of 23 parts by weight, the stone of 18 parts by weight, the river sand of 10 parts by weight, 10 The glass bead and 2.5 parts by weight of the cement of parts by weight, the dihydrate gypsum that 4 parts by weight water absorption rates are 32.5%, 2.5 parts by weight Humic acid collectively as raw material.
Wherein, puffing slag is the mixture of puffing bean dregs, puffing bagasse, popcorn slag and puffing tea grounds, expanded soyabean Slag, puffing bagasse, popcorn slag and puffing tea grounds weight ratio be 1:3:1:3.
Chemical composition contains the SO of 1.1 parts by weight in the flyash of every 100 parts by weight3, 52.5 parts by weight SiO2, 1.8 weights Measure the Fe of part2O3, 28 parts by weight Al2O3, the CaO of 1.8 parts by weight and the MgO of 5.2 parts by weight.
Stone contains the handstone that the big stone that grain size is 9mm and grain size are 4mm.The weight of big stone and handstone is 1:2.5.Respectively include the first gangue and the second gangue in big stone and handstone, the first gangue and the second gangue Weight ratio is 1:1.8.
The granularity of glass bead is 1mm, apparent density 325kg/m3, floatability 92.5%, the volume of 1MPa pressure Loss late is 32.5%.
Above-mentioned puffing bean dregs, flyash, stone, river sand, cement, dihydrate gypsum, glass bead and corruption are mixed according to the ratio Acid is grown, it is dry-mixed under conditions of being 4500r/min prior to rotating speed, the wet mixing under conditions of rotating speed is 2250r/min is then added water, Obtain slurry.
By above-mentioned slurry input hydraulic pressure molding machine, prior under the action of rotation helical axis that rotating speed is 350r/min by slurry It is promoted in mold, hydraulic pressure is compacted, obtains billet;Then by billet vibratory compaction under conditions of vibration frequency is 25 times/min, Extrusion molding obtains first product.
Then it conserves for the first time, in first product surface spray water in first time maintenance processes, watering amount is 550mL/m2, first After secondary maintenance 31h, then second of maintenance is carried out, obtains solid concrete brick.
Test example
Using the solid concrete brick of commercially available Beijing Jin Huiyucheng building materials Co., Ltd production as control group, according to 《GB23439-2009 solid concrete bricks》Method, to the solid concrete brick and control group obtained by above-described embodiment 1-5 Solid concrete brick carry out Mechanics Performance Testing respectively, result is as shown in Table 1 and Table 2.Wherein, it is 2 that table 1, which is maintenance number of days, The mechanical property of it solid concrete brick, table 2 are the mechanical property for conserving the solid concrete brick that number of days is 28 days.
1 mechanical property table of table
2 mechanical property table of table
As can be seen from Table 1, solid concrete brick provided in an embodiment of the present invention compared with control group solid concrete brick without By being to all have more preferably mechanical property in terms of compression strength or flexural strength and freeze proof intensity, illustrate implementation of the present invention The technique that example provides can obtain mechanical property preferably solid concrete brick with raw material proportioning.
In conclusion solid concrete brick provided in an embodiment of the present invention is at low cost, comprehensive performance is preferable.Preparation method Simply, the performance of solid concrete brick can be effectively improved.
Embodiments described above is a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.The reality of the present invention The detailed description for applying example is not intended to limit the range of claimed invention, but is merely representative of the selected implementation of the present invention Example.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained without creative efforts Every other embodiment, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of solid concrete brick, which is characterized in that its raw material includes the puffing slag of 50-60 parts by weight, 20-25 parts by weight Two water stones of flyash, the stone of 15-20 parts by weight, the river sand of 8-12 parts by weight, the cement of 8-12 parts by weight, 3-5 parts by weight The humic acid of cream, the glass bead of 2-3 parts by weight and 2-3 parts by weight;
The puffing cinder ladle includes at least one of puffing bean dregs, puffing bagasse, popcorn slag and puffing tea grounds.
2. solid concrete brick according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the raw material includes the institute of 52-58 parts by weight State puffing slag, the flyash of 22-24 parts by weight, the stone of 17-19 parts by weight, 9-11 parts by weight the river sand, The glass bead of the cement of 9-11 parts by weight, the dihydrate gypsum of 3.5-4.5 parts by weight, 2.2-2.8 parts by weight And the humic acid of 2.2-2.8 parts by weight.
3. solid concrete brick according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the raw material includes the described swollen of 55 parts by weight Slugging, the flyash of 23 parts by weight, the stone of 18 parts by weight, the river sand of 10 parts by weight, 10 parts by weight institute State the humic of cement, the dihydrate gypsum of 4 parts by weight, the glass bead of 2.5 parts by weight and 2.5 parts by weight Acid.
4. according to claim 1-3 any one of them solid concrete bricks, which is characterized in that the powder of every 100 parts by weight Chemical composition includes the SO of 1-1.2 parts by weight in coal ash3, 50-55 parts by weight SiO2, 1.5-2 parts by weight Fe2O3、25-30 The Al of parts by weight2O3, 1.5-2 parts by weight CaO and 5-5.5 parts by weight MgO.
5. solid concrete brick according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the stone includes that grain size is the big of 8-10mm Stone and grain size are the handstone of 3-5mm, and the first gangue and second are respectively included in the big stone and the handstone The weight ratio of gangue, first gangue and second gangue is 1:1.5-2.
6. solid concrete brick according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the granularity of the glass bead is 0.5- 1.5mm, apparent density 300-350kg/m3, the Volume Loss rate of floatability 90-95%, 1MPa pressure is 30-35%.
7. a kind of preparation method of solid concrete brick as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, which is characterized in that including following Step:
Mix according to the ratio the puffing slag, the flyash, the stone, the river sand, the cement, the dihydrate gypsum, The glass bead and the humic acid, then plus water mixes, and obtains slurry;By the slurry extrusion molding, first product is obtained, is supported Shield.
8. preparation method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the puffing slag, the flyash, the stone, The river sand, the cement, the dihydrate gypsum, the glass bead and the humic acid are 4000-5000r/ prior to rotating speed It is dry-mixed under conditions of min, then add water the wet mixing under conditions of rotating speed is 2000-2500r/min.
9. preparation method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that extrusion molding is to be molded the slurry input hydraulic pressure Then machine promotes the slurry under the action of rotating speed is the rotation helical axis of 300-400r/min in mold, hydraulic pressure squeezes It is real, billet is obtained, then by the billet vibratory compaction, extrusion molding under conditions of vibration frequency is 20-30 times/min.
10. preparation method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that maintenance includes that maintenance for the first time and second conserve, In first product surface spray water in first time maintenance processes, watering amount is 500-600mL/m2, after conserving 30-32h for the first time, Second of maintenance is carried out again.
CN201810498715.2A 2018-05-22 2018-05-22 A kind of solid concrete brick and preparation method thereof Pending CN108424100A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810498715.2A CN108424100A (en) 2018-05-22 2018-05-22 A kind of solid concrete brick and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810498715.2A CN108424100A (en) 2018-05-22 2018-05-22 A kind of solid concrete brick and preparation method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108424100A true CN108424100A (en) 2018-08-21

Family

ID=63163908

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810498715.2A Pending CN108424100A (en) 2018-05-22 2018-05-22 A kind of solid concrete brick and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108424100A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109761555A (en) * 2019-01-25 2019-05-17 贵州省建筑材料科学研究设计院有限责任公司 A kind of quartz tailings insulating brick and preparation method thereof

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1038631A (en) * 1988-06-23 1990-01-10 山东建筑材料工业学院 Composite plant fiber-cement board and preparation method
CN1145340A (en) * 1995-09-14 1997-03-19 傅利革 Light stone slab
CN101054280A (en) * 2007-04-06 2007-10-17 河南理工大学 Plant fiber enhanced color clinker solid brick and preparation method thereof
CN101725208A (en) * 2009-11-27 2010-06-09 岳建伟 Heat-preservation and heat-insulation crack-resisting brick made from modified vitrified micro beads
CN102731023A (en) * 2011-03-29 2012-10-17 太原思科达科技发展有限公司 Method for manufacturing waste fiber insulation load-bearing concrete building block
CN107500804A (en) * 2017-09-20 2017-12-22 太原理工大学 Gangue floating bead thermal insulation concrete and preparation method and application

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1038631A (en) * 1988-06-23 1990-01-10 山东建筑材料工业学院 Composite plant fiber-cement board and preparation method
CN1145340A (en) * 1995-09-14 1997-03-19 傅利革 Light stone slab
CN101054280A (en) * 2007-04-06 2007-10-17 河南理工大学 Plant fiber enhanced color clinker solid brick and preparation method thereof
CN101725208A (en) * 2009-11-27 2010-06-09 岳建伟 Heat-preservation and heat-insulation crack-resisting brick made from modified vitrified micro beads
CN102731023A (en) * 2011-03-29 2012-10-17 太原思科达科技发展有限公司 Method for manufacturing waste fiber insulation load-bearing concrete building block
CN107500804A (en) * 2017-09-20 2017-12-22 太原理工大学 Gangue floating bead thermal insulation concrete and preparation method and application

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
王璐 等: "《土木工程材料》", 31 August 2013, 浙江大学出版社 *
赖新元: "《城市地下管线施工新技术与质量检验评定标准实施手册(上卷)》", 30 June 2002, 地震出版社 *
铁道部建设管理司 北方交通大学编: "《铁路建设工程质量监督(下册)》", 31 July 2003, 中国铁道出版社 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109761555A (en) * 2019-01-25 2019-05-17 贵州省建筑材料科学研究设计院有限责任公司 A kind of quartz tailings insulating brick and preparation method thereof

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104961423B (en) A kind of machine spray plastering gupsum mortar and its preparation technology
CN100463881C (en) Heat preservation and energy saving type lightweight, gas filled wall bricks, and preparation method
RU2392245C1 (en) Dry mortar for preparation of cellular concrete
CN102643071B (en) Calcination-free desulfurized gypsum walling plastering dry-mixed mortar
CN104140230B (en) A kind of gas concrete dry-mixed plastering mortar and preparation method thereof
CN100391889C (en) Heat insulating mortar powder and its prepn process
CN103755287B (en) Grade-A fireproof self-heat-insulation wall body and manufacturing method thereof
CN102010166B (en) Method for preparing micro expanded inorganic heat insulation mortar
CN100586894C (en) High-performance heat insulating building block and its production process
CN106007613B (en) A kind of self heat insulation wall gypsum based composite and preparation method thereof
CN103011896A (en) Foam concrete
CN106007599B (en) A kind of Ultralight concrete and preparation method thereof
WO2020063203A1 (en) High-strength light-weight aggregate concrete and preparation method therefor
CN104086141A (en) Architectural dry-mixing plastering mortar and preparation method thereof
CN109456008A (en) A kind of freeze proof anti-crack concrete and preparation method thereof
CN102010173A (en) Method for preparing heat insulation anti-cracking raw soil bricks
CN108726908B (en) Preparation method of artificial composite lightweight aggregate for foam concrete and artificial composite lightweight aggregate
CN102491730B (en) Method for preparing artificial vesuvianite building block from Bayer red mud
CN108863268A (en) A kind of regeneration activity material based on building waste, preparation method and non-evaporating foamed bricks
CN104844091A (en) Raw soil building binding material suitable for raw soil building blocks and preparation method of binding material
CN108484211A (en) A kind of preparation method of foamed concrete thermal insulation board
CN108424100A (en) A kind of solid concrete brick and preparation method thereof
CN101913821A (en) Bottom slag heat-preservation building mortar and dry mortar production method
CN106495738B (en) A kind of ceramic sound-absorbing material and preparation method thereof and purposes
CN105016648B (en) A kind of concrete additive and the lightweight composite block applying this additive

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20180821