CN108401871A - A kind of aeroponic method of large cherry - Google Patents

A kind of aeroponic method of large cherry Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108401871A
CN108401871A CN201810212125.9A CN201810212125A CN108401871A CN 108401871 A CN108401871 A CN 108401871A CN 201810212125 A CN201810212125 A CN 201810212125A CN 108401871 A CN108401871 A CN 108401871A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cherry
tree
aeroponic
root
finished
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810212125.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李万芝
Original Assignee
李万芝
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Priority to CN201810212125.9A priority Critical patent/CN108401871A/en
Publication of CN108401871A publication Critical patent/CN108401871A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • C05G5/23Solutions

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of aeroponic methods of large cherry, belong to giant cherry cultivating technology field.The method of the invention includes management process during taking root step, cultivation, mobile sleep step;Management process is during the cultivation:Large cherry finished product tree is detachably mounted on supporter after taking root, and so that the root system of large cherry finished product tree is left ground and forms light protected environment on root system, is sprayed on after nutrient liquid atomizing on the root system of large cherry finished product tree.The method of the invention can control the time of result, and fresh large cherry can be had in any month.

Description

A kind of aeroponic method of large cherry
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of aeroponic methods of large cherry, belong to giant cherry cultivating technology field.
Background technology
In order to improve the income of orchard worker, northern large cherry producing region just has begun the nineties in last century, research Large cherry greenhouse cultivation method was groped to put into practice after more than 20 years, this technology is mature on the whole at present, which is divided into cold canopy mould Two kinds of formula and brooder pattern, are all the Inverse season for culturing, the former is or so mid-March time of large cherry harvesting, and the latter's large cherry is adopted The time of receipts is that left and right, price are 30-100 members/jin by the end of April, is beared fruit in addition, being substantially increased using artificial pollination technology Rate, yield are one times or more of land cultivation, and economic benefit is considerable, has greatly transferred the enthusiasm for production of orchard worker.
But the Inverse season for culturing of deciduous fruit tree is not only to heat and keep the temperature, it is necessary to meet 0- after defoliation of fruit trees The accumulation of 7.2 DEG C of low temperature certain numbers, just can normal rudiment, branch out, bloom, as a result, as after the heating of low temperature deficiency fruit tree It will appear the uncoordinated phenomenons of growth such as rudiment is irregular, sprout falls off, fruit drop aggravates, normal growth hair can not be carried out It educates, therefore, large cherry greenhouse the Inverse season for culturing is before implementing button canopy heating, it is necessary to number when meeting the requirement of low temperature of the kind, generally Northern area, the large cherry the Inverse season for culturing maturity period is in or so mid-March, then already has certain technical difficulty, it is difficult in the spring Gold consumption phase listing before section is tired out because being limited to scalar product when the low temperature of breaking dormancy, although having chemically such as spray lime Nitrogen but effect is unstable, or even generate poisoning.
In order to solve the problems, such as suspend mode, method the most controllable effective and stablizing is exactly artificial refrigeration breaking dormancy, and ground plants Large cherry, which can not be removed, moves realization, more heavy potting, occupied space and volume, and transport, storage cost are high;Also paid Examination fails in entire greenhouse using artificial cooling because cost is too high, refrigeration is unstable.
Invention content
The present invention is used without native aerial fog cultivation, and tree body, which is removed, moves conveniently, and feasible technology is opened for mobile refrigerating suspend mode Path, at the same be also the timing of large cherry, technical foundation has been established in harvesting when selecting, solve the above problem.
The present invention provides a kind of aeroponic methods of large cherry, it is characterised in that:The aerial fog cultivation of the large cherry Method includes management process during taking root step, cultivation, mobile sleep step;Management process is during the cultivation:It will take root Large cherry finished product tree is detachably mounted on supporter afterwards, and the root system of large cherry finished product tree is made to leave ground and the shape on root system At light protected environment, it is sprayed on after nutrient liquid atomizing on the root system of large cherry finished product tree;Contain 480- in the every 1000L water of the nutrient solution 560g potassium nitrate, 85-100g calcium nitrate, 120-145g calcium superphosphate, 125-140g magnesium sulfate, 10-20g chelated irons, 1-3g sulphur Sour magnesium, 1-2g Boratexes, 1-2g zinc sulfate, 0.5-0.8g copper sulphate, and the pH value of nutrient solution is adjusted to by 6- using sulfuric acid 7.5。
Management process further includes during the present invention is preferably the cultivation:Environmental management:The daytime temperature of sprouting period is 8- 12 DEG C, nocturnal temperature be 8-12 DEG C, humidity 70-90%;The daytime temperature at florescence is 12-17 DEG C, nocturnal temperature is 8-12 DEG C, Humidity is 40-60%;The daytime temperature of fruit expanding period is 18-22 DEG C, nocturnal temperature is 8-10 DEG C, humidity 30-50%;Tree Body developmental regulation and blooming period management:By band girdle, girdling or promote flower to promote shoot vegetative accumulation and bud differentiation;By continuous Pinching management be conducive to reaching full growth for tree body;Florescence increases ventilation, while 2-3 casees honeybee or sprinkling 30- are placed per canopy The promotion of 40ppm gibberellin is beared fruit.
The present invention is preferably that the mobile sleep step is:After bud differentiation, promote to fall within 1 week before moving into freezer Leaf, leaf backwardness remove large cherry finished product tree from supporter, and move into freezer the 1st week is at the uniform velocity cooled to 3-5 DEG C, humidity 90% More than, suspend mode 800-1400h;After suspend mode, greenhouse temperature is at the uniform velocity warming up within the 1st week in removal freezer.
The present invention is preferably that the freezer is freezed using tubular type.
The present invention is preferably that the large cherry finished product tree is put in freezer using bavin pile mode, and root system is in the same direction simultaneously It is covered using wet cloth.
The present invention is preferably that the step of taking root is:Before field planting, large cherry finished product tree original soil is taken root, retains 1-2cm, 30-120min is impregnated in cleaning in rooting agent solution, moves into perlite cultivation, and root temperature is 15-22 DEG C, humidity 50-70%, Surface temperature is 18-25 DEG C, is cultivated 35-45 days.
The present invention is preferably that large cherry tree is raw for 2-6.
The present invention is preferably the kind of the large cherry tree based on U.S. morning, and it is red, good red, early big to be equipped with red light, goldentop At least three kinds in fruit, sand honey beans and Russia 8.
The present invention is preferably that stock is the strong kind of dwarf-type, ripe morning, Cheng Huazao, rootability.
The present invention is preferably that the tree-like of the large cherry finished product tree is ultra-fine spindle, and ultrashort branch is cylindrical, fan-shaped.
The present invention has the beneficial effect that:
The present invention avoids soil-borne disease, soil pollution using the method for soilless culture, and then improves the quality of product;
The present invention will be sprayed on the root system of large cherry finished product tree after nutrient liquid atomizing, keep nutrient solution in liberal supply controllable, can Realize earlier results, high-density planting and the early high-yield of treelet;
The present invention can control the time of result by mobile sleep step, can have fresh big cherry any month Peach;
The present invention is not limited by ploughing, and can agricultural be introduced city, be broken the territory restriction of Cherry Production.
Specific implementation mode
Following non-limiting embodiments can make those skilled in the art be more fully understood the present invention, but not with Any mode limits the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of aeroponic method of large cherry, the aeroponic method of the large cherry include the following steps:
It takes root step:
The selection of large cherry tree
Consider yield, remove and the factors such as move and store, the raw large cherry trees of 2-6 is selected to be advisable;
The selection of large cherry tree kind
The kind of large cherry tree is equipped with red red light, goldentop, good red, early big fruit, sand honey beans and Russia based on U.S. morning No. 8, in favor of spontaneous pollination;
The selection of stock
The strong kind of Root-stock selection dwarf-type, ripe morning, Cheng Huazao, rootability is advisable, such as No. 6 tissue-cultured seedling of Gisela;
Tree-like selection
The tree-like of large cherry finished product tree is ultra-fine spindle, and ultrashort branch is cylindrical, fan-shaped, can be realized early with high-density planting Phase gets bumper crops, while conveniently being removed in rest period and moving, store;
Culture of rootage
Before field planting, large cherry finished product tree original soil is taken root, retains 1-2cm, cleaning is impregnated in rooting agent solution 60min moves into perlite cultivation, and root temperature is 20 DEG C, and humidity 60%, surface temperature is 22 DEG C, is cultivated 40 days;
Management process during cultivation:
Planting type and nutrient solution supply
Large cherry finished product tree is detachably mounted on supporter after taking root, and the root system of large cherry finished product tree is made to leave ground Face simultaneously forms light protected environment on root system, is sprayed on after nutrient liquid atomizing on the root system of large cherry finished product tree;
Contain 542g potassium nitrate, 96g calcium nitrate, 135g calcium superphosphate, 135g sulfuric acid in the every 1000L water of the nutrient solution Magnesium, 14g chelated irons, 2g magnesium sulfate, 1.7g Boratexes, 1.8g zinc sulfate, 0.6g copper sulphate, and use sulfuric acid by the pH of nutrient solution Value is adjusted to 7;
Environmental management:
The daytime temperature of sprouting period is 10 DEG C, nocturnal temperature is 10 DEG C, humidity 80%;
The daytime temperature at florescence is 15 DEG C, nocturnal temperature is 10 DEG C, humidity 50%;
The daytime temperature of fruit expanding period is 20 DEG C, nocturnal temperature is 8 DEG C, humidity 40%;
Tree growth regulates and controls and blooming period management:
By band girdle, girdling or promote flower to promote shoot vegetative accumulation and bud differentiation;
Be conducive to reaching full growth for tree body by continuous pinching management;
Florescence increases ventilation, promotes air circulation, realizes pollination, while placing 2-3 case honeybees per canopy and promoting to bear fruit.
Mobile sleep step:
After bud differentiation, sunshade is carried out within 1 week before moving into freezer, night ventilation is to promote to fall leaves, so as to by blade Nutrition is back in tree body, improves the germination of next year, and leaf backwardness removes large cherry finished product tree from supporter, large cherry at Product tree is put in freezer using bavin pile mode, and root system covers in the same direction and using wet cloth, moves into the 1st week of freezer at the uniform velocity 4 DEG C are cooled to, freezer is freezed using tubular type, 90% or more humidity, is dried to prevent root system, suspend mode 1400h;
After suspend mode, greenhouse temperature is at the uniform velocity warming up within the 1st week in removal freezer.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of aeroponic method of large cherry, it is characterised in that:The aeroponic method of the large cherry includes step of taking root Suddenly management process, mobile sleep step during, cultivating;
Management process is during the cultivation:Large cherry finished product tree is detachably mounted on supporter after taking root, and makes big cherry The root system of peach finished product tree leaves ground and forms light protected environment on root system, and the root of large cherry finished product tree is sprayed on after nutrient liquid atomizing It fastens;
The nutrient solution per 1000L water in containing 480-560g potassium nitrate, 85-100g calcium nitrate, 120-145g calcium superphosphate, 125-140g magnesium sulfate, 10-20g chelated irons, 1-3g magnesium sulfate, 1-2g Boratexes, 1-2g zinc sulfate, 0.5-0.8g copper sulphate, And the pH value of nutrient solution is adjusted to by 6-7.5 using sulfuric acid.
2. the aeroponic method of large cherry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Management process is also during the cultivation Including:
Environmental management:
The daytime temperature of sprouting period is 8-12 DEG C, nocturnal temperature is 8-12 DEG C, humidity 70-90%;
The daytime temperature at florescence is 12-17 DEG C, nocturnal temperature is 8-12 DEG C, humidity 40-60%;
The daytime temperature of fruit expanding period is 18-22 DEG C, nocturnal temperature is 8-10 DEG C, humidity 30-50%;
Tree growth regulates and controls and blooming period management:
By band girdle, girdling or promote flower to promote shoot vegetative accumulation and bud differentiation;
Be conducive to reaching full growth for tree body by continuous pinching management;
Florescence increases ventilation, while placement 2-3 casees honeybee or sprinkling 30-40ppm gibberellin promotion are beared fruit per canopy.
3. the aeroponic method of large cherry according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The mobile sleep step is:
After bud differentiation, fallen leaves, leaf backwardness is promoted within 1 week before moving into freezer to take large cherry finished product tree from supporter Under, move into freezer is at the uniform velocity cooled to 3-5 DEG C on the 1st week, 90% or more humidity, suspend mode 800-1400h;
After suspend mode, greenhouse temperature is at the uniform velocity warming up within the 1st week in removal freezer.
4. the aeroponic method of large cherry according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The freezer is freezed using tubular type.
5. the aeroponic method of large cherry according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The large cherry finished product tree is in freezer It is put using bavin pile mode, root system covers in the same direction and using wet cloth.
6. the aeroponic method of large cherry according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The step of taking root is:
Before field planting, large cherry finished product tree original soil is taken root, retains 1-2cm, 30- is impregnated in cleaning in rooting agent solution 120min moves into perlite cultivation, and root temperature is 15-22 DEG C, humidity 50-70%, and surface temperature is 18-25 DEG C, cultivates 35-45 It.
7. the aeroponic method of large cherry according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Large cherry tree is raw for 2-6.
8. the aeroponic method of large cherry according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The kind of the large cherry tree is with U.S. Based on morning, and at least three kinds be equipped in red red light, goldentop, good red, early big fruit, sand honey beans and Russia 8.
9. the aeroponic method of large cherry according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Stock be dwarf-type, it is ripe early, at The strong kind of Hua Zao, rootability.
10. the aeroponic method of large cherry according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:The tree of the large cherry finished product tree Shape is ultra-fine spindle, and ultrashort branch is cylindrical, fan-shaped.
CN201810212125.9A 2018-03-15 2018-03-15 A kind of aeroponic method of large cherry CN108401871A (en)

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CN111034578A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-04-21 河北省农林科学院昌黎果树研究所 Dwarfing sweet cherry greenhouse potting method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111034578A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-04-21 河北省农林科学院昌黎果树研究所 Dwarfing sweet cherry greenhouse potting method

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Application publication date: 20180817