CN108393508B - A kind of profile punching apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of profile punching apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108393508B
CN108393508B CN201810266327.1A CN201810266327A CN108393508B CN 108393508 B CN108393508 B CN 108393508B CN 201810266327 A CN201810266327 A CN 201810266327A CN 108393508 B CN108393508 B CN 108393508B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
collet
plate
profile
cylinder
motor
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810266327.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108393508A (en
Inventor
王健
Original Assignee
宁波鑫神泽汽车零部件有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 宁波鑫神泽汽车零部件有限公司 filed Critical 宁波鑫神泽汽车零部件有限公司
Priority to CN201810266327.1A priority Critical patent/CN108393508B/en
Publication of CN108393508A publication Critical patent/CN108393508A/en
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Publication of CN108393508B publication Critical patent/CN108393508B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • B23Q11/005Devices for removing chips by blowing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/10Arrangements for cooling or lubricating tools or work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/067Blocks with collet chucks

Abstract

The present patent application belongs to punching apparatus technical field, specifically disclose a kind of profile punching apparatus, including mounting rack, the mounting rack is equipped with cylinder, motor, first inclined plate and the second inclined plate, the piston rod of the cylinder is equipped with mounting base, the mounting base is equipped with the first collet and the second collet, first collet, the first telescopic rod is respectively equipped on second collet, second telescopic rod, first collet or the second collet are equipped with slide opening, jacking block is equipped in the slide opening, the first spring is connected between the jacking block and slide opening, first collet or the second collet are equipped with sliding chamber, the cunning is intracavitary to be equipped with strut, second spring is connected between the strut and sliding cavity wall, the output shaft of the motor is equipped with drill bit, the drill bit is equipped with telescopic fixture block.Present invention is mainly used for drilling to profile, solve the problems, such as that operating procedure leads to the reduction of punching efficiency more in profile punch process.

Description

A kind of profile punching apparatus

Technical field

The invention belongs to punching apparatus technical fields, specifically disclose a kind of profile punching apparatus.

Background technique

By being punched out on profile, so that profile has aesthetic features, while it being widely used in industry, grain, change Work, environmentally friendly wind-proof dust-suppression, filtering, protection, furniture, builds the fields such as decoration at ventilation noise reduction.

In to profile punch process, the methods of mechanical drilling progress is generallyd use, it would generally on profile after processing There is bore size inaccuracy, the problem more than working position burr.

In view of the above-mentioned problems, Chinese patent CN104759521B discloses a kind of profile punching apparatus, including pedestal, the bottom of at It is provided with two rack beams on seat, is respectively provided with workpiece import and workpiece outlet in the rack beam two sides, it is described Workpiece import and workpiece outlet use rectangular recess structure type, two rack beams middle section be arranged Workpiece fixing sleeve, in punch work state, workpiece is placed in workpiece fixing sleeve, a kind of profile punching dress of the invention It sets, while punching is accurate, it is compact-sized, it is at low cost, it runs smoothly.

Using foregoing invention patent scheme when occur the problem that (1) drilling when, if the size of profile is less than The size of workpiece fixing sleeve will make profile be in the lower part of fixing sleeve, lead to the position inaccuracy of punching;(2) to one When the multiple holes of profile communications centre, it is necessary to take out profile and adjust and place into workpiece fixing sleeve behind position and carry out punching again, operation Process steps are more, so that punching efficiency reduces.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of profile punching apparatus, more to operating procedure in profile punch process to solve The problem of causing punching efficiency to reduce.

In order to achieve the above object, base case of the invention are as follows: a kind of profile punching apparatus, including mounting rack, it is described Mounting rack is equipped with cylinder and motor, and the piston rod of the cylinder and the output shaft of motor are positioned opposite, the piston of the cylinder Bar two sides are respectively equipped with the first inclined plate, the second inclined plate, and first inclined plate is arranged symmetrically with the second inclined plate relative to piston rod, institute It states the first inclined plate and the second inclined plate and is less than the distance between other end, the piston of the cylinder close to the distance between motor one end Bar is equipped with mounting base, and the mounting base is equipped with the first collet and the second collet that are slidably connected with it, first collet, The first telescopic rod, the second telescopic rod are respectively equipped on second collet, first telescopic rod, the second telescopic rod are oblique with first respectively Plate, the second inclined plate are slidably connected, and first collet or the second collet are equipped with slide opening, are equipped with and its company of sliding in the slide opening The jacking block connect, is connected with the first spring between the jacking block and slide opening, first collet or the second collet are opposite with jacking block Position is equipped with sliding chamber, and the cunning is intracavitary equipped with the strut being slidably connected with it, is connected between the strut and sliding cavity wall Second spring, the strut and one end far from sliding chamber are slidably connected with the first inclined plate or the second inclined plate, first inclined plate or Second inclined plate is equipped with the mobile limited block of limitation strut, and the output shaft of the motor is equipped with drill bit, and the drill bit is equipped with Telescopic fixture block.

The working principle of this base case is: before profile punching, profile being first placed into the first collet and the second folder Between set, jacking block leans with profile, starts motor and cylinder, and the piston rod for controlling cylinder stretches out, and piston rod pushes when stretching out First collet, the second collet are slided along the first inclined plate, the second inclined plate respectively, the first collet and the second collet with piston rod stretching It moves closer to, while the first telescopic rod and the second telescopic rod being stretched, and profile is clamped, while profile is located in the first folder The centre of set and the second collet;As piston rod continues to stretch out, drill bit drills to profile, protrudes into the process of profile in drill bit In, fixture block is entered with drill bit in bored hole;After the completion of drilling, the piston rod for controlling cylinder is shunk, and piston rod drives first Collet and the second collet are to close to the movement of one end of cylinder;After strut and limited block contact, strut to the intracavitary movement of cunning and with Jacking block clamps profile, while drill bit is moved to outside hole, fixture block be stuck in hole and pull profile to close to click a Duan Yidong, Profile pushes jacking block into slide opening when mobile, meanwhile, profile is fully released downward landing;Continue to receive with piston rod Contracting, after strut and limited block contact, limited block pushes strut to stretch out sliding chamber and simultaneously clamps profile with jacking block;Control the work of cylinder Stopper rod is stretched out to the direction of motor one end again, and strut unclamps the clamping to profile, supports profile at this point, jacking block stretches out slide opening It leans on, profile stops falling, and with the stretching of piston rod, the first collet and the second collet clamp simultaneously punching to profile again.

The beneficial effect of this base case is:

(1) by the first inclined plate and the second inclined plate, so that the first collet and the second collet are by the middle part of profile and drill bit phase It is right, it ensure that the bore position of profile is consistent;

(2) position of the profile between the first collet and the second collet can be adjusted by the fall time of profile, due to work The stopper rod reciprocal time is identical, and therefore, the first collet is identical to profile clamping, the period unclamped as the second collet, so that The time that profile falls is identical with spacing, ensure that the distance between adjacent holes is identical.

Compared with prior art, the present apparatus can position profile, so that being located at profile to the position of profile drilling Middle part, while multiple holes can be bored on same profile, and it is identical to be able to maintain adjacent pitch of holes.

Further, the output shaft of the motor is equipped with the flabellum being fixedly connected, and fan blade rotating is driven when rotating by motor It is dynamic, it can radiate to drill hole, since hot-spot causes profile local deformation when preventing from drilling.

Further, the motor is slidably connected with mounting rack, can be to difference by position of the mobile motor on mounting rack The profile of width is punched out.

Further, the mounting rack is located at the position below the first collet and the second collet equipped with garbage collection box, leads to The scrap generated when garbage collection box is convenient for drilling is crossed to focus on.

Further, first inclined plate and the second inclined plate be located at cylinder one end it is hinged with mounting rack, and on mounting rack Equipped with the positioning pin for positioning the first inclined plate or the second inclined plate, by adjusting the tilt angle of the first inclined plate or the second inclined plate, Profile different parts can be punched out, increase the scope of application of the present apparatus.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of profile punching apparatus embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the partial sectional view that 1 figure invents drill bit in a kind of profile punching apparatus.

Specific embodiment

Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:

Appended drawing reference in Figure of description include: cylinder 1, motor 2, drill bit 3, mounting base 4, the first inclined plate 5, second tiltedly Plate 6, the first collet 7, the second collet 8, the first telescopic rod 9, the second telescopic rod 10, jacking block 11, strut 12, flabellum 13, through slot 14, Fixture block 15.

As shown in Figure 1, a kind of profile punching apparatus, including mounting rack, cylinder 1 and motor 2, the left part of mounting rack are equipped with The cylinder 1 of output shaft to the right, the right part of mounting rack are equipped with the first sliding rail, and positioning bolt is equipped on the first sliding rail, and motor 2 is logical It crosses pulley to be mounted in the first sliding rail, the output shaft of motor 2 and the piston rod of cylinder 1 are positioned opposite and on the same line;Gas The piston rod right end of cylinder 1 is equipped with mounting base 4 by bolt;Second sliding rail, the top peace of the second sliding rail are installed in mounting base 4 Equipped with the first collet 7 being slidably connected with it, the lower part of the second sliding rail is equipped with the second collet 8 being slidably connected with it, and first The upper end of collet 7 is equipped with the first telescopic rod 9, and the lower end of the second collet 8 is equipped with the second telescopic rod 10;Mounting rack is located at piston Upside, the downside of bar are separately installed with the first inclined plate 5, the second inclined plate 6, and the first inclined plate 5 and the second inclined plate 6 are relative to piston rod pair Claim to arrange, the left end of the first inclined plate 5 and the second inclined plate 6 is hinged with mounting rack, there is the left side for being selected as the second inclined plate 6 in the present embodiment End is hinged with mounting rack, multiple location holes is offered on mounting rack, positioning hole is equipped with the positioning for positioning the second inclined plate 6 Pin, the distance between 6 right end of the first inclined plate 5 and the second inclined plate are less than the distance between the two left end, and the first inclined plate 5 and second is oblique Sliding slot is offered on plate 6, the first telescopic rod 9 is slidably connected with the sliding slot on the first inclined plate 5, and the second telescopic rod 10 and second is oblique Sliding slot on plate 6 is slidably connected;The right side opening of first collet 7 or the second collet 8 is equipped with slide opening, is equipped in slide opening and slides with it The jacking block 11 of connection is connected with the first spring, the first collet 7 or the second collet 8 and jacking block between jacking block 11 and the bottom of slide opening Offer sliding chamber on 11 opposite positions, offer sliding chamber in the present embodiment on preferably the first collet 7, it is sliding it is intracavitary be equipped with Its strut 12 being slidably connected is connected with the second spring resetted for it between strut 12 and sliding chamber, strut 12 is far from sliding chamber One end be slidably connected with the sliding slot on the first inclined plate, the left part of sliding slot welds the mobile limited block of restricted strut 12;Motor 2 The left end of output shaft is equipped with drill bit 3, and the left part of drill bit 3 offers through slot 14, is equipped with fixture block 15 in through slot 14, fixture block 15 with Third spring is installed, fixture block 15 is retracted in through slot 14 when by external force between through slot 14;Weldering in the middle part of the output shaft of motor 2 It is connected to flabellum 13, mounting rack is located at the collection being equipped on the position of 8 lower section of the first collet 7 and the second collet for collecting scrap Box.

When it is implemented, profile is placed between the first collet 7 and the second collet 8, under the action of jacking block 11, profile It is resisted against between the first collet 7 and the second collet 8, starting cylinder 1 and motor 2;The piston rod for controlling cylinder 1 stretches out, piston Bar, which stretches out, pushes mounting base 4, the first collet 7 and the second collet 8 to move right, meanwhile, the first collet 7 and the second collet 8 to one It rises close to and profile is clamped and makes the middle part of profile opposite with the position of drill bit 3, the first telescopic rod 9 and the second telescopic rod 10 It is stretched;Motor 2 drills to it after touching profile;While drilling, the output shaft rotation of motor 2 drives flabellum 13 Heat dissipation is blowed to drill hole in rotation, the rotation of flabellum 13;While drilling into profile hole, fixture block 15 is moved with drill bit 3 In dynamic access aperture.After the completion of drilling, the piston rod of control cylinder 1 is shunk, piston rod drive the first collet 7 and the second collet 8 to It moves left, as piston rod continues to be moved to the left, the first telescopic rod 9 and the second telescopic rod 10 are shunk, the first collet 7 and the second folder Set 8 unclamps clamping to profile, while drill bit 3 is moved to outside hole, and fixture block 15 is stuck in pulling profile hole in and is moved to the left, profile to Jacking block 11 is pushed into slide opening while moving left, meanwhile, profile is fully released downward landing;With the continuation of piston rod It shrinks, sliding chamber is stretched out after strut 12 is contacted with limited block and clamps profile with jacking block 11;Control the piston rod of cylinder 1 again Stretch out to the left, strut 12 unclamps clamping to profile, at this point, jacking block 11 stretch out slide opening by profile against, profile stops falling, with The stretching of piston rod, the first collet 7 and the second collet 8 profile is clamped and punching again.Due to the stretching and receipts of piston rod Contracting frequency is identical, therefore the first collet 7, the second collet 8 are identical to the clamping of profile, release period, the distance of fall phase of profile Together, the institute's hole punched spacing on profile of drill bit 3 is identical.

What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure and characteristic are not made herein in scheme Excessive description.It, without departing from the structure of the invention, can be with it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art Several modifications and improvements are made, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence what the present invention was implemented Effect and patent practicability.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of profile punching apparatus, including mounting rack, which is characterized in that the mounting rack is equipped with cylinder and motor, described The piston rod of cylinder and the output shaft of motor are positioned opposite, and the piston rod two sides of the cylinder are respectively equipped with the first inclined plate, second Inclined plate, first inclined plate are arranged symmetrically with the second inclined plate relative to piston rod, and first inclined plate and the second inclined plate are close to electricity The distance between machine one end is less than the distance between other end, and the piston rod of the cylinder is equipped with mounting base, the mounting base It is equipped with the first collet and the second collet being slidably connected with it, first collet is equipped with the first telescopic rod, the second collet It is equipped with the second telescopic rod, first telescopic rod is slidably connected with the first inclined plate, and the second telescopic rod and the sliding of the second inclined plate connect It connects, first collet or the second collet are equipped with slide opening, are equipped with the jacking block being slidably connected with it, the jacking block in the slide opening It is connected with the first spring between slide opening, first collet or the second collet position opposite with jacking block are equipped with sliding chamber, institute It is intracavitary equipped with the strut being slidably connected with it to state cunning, is connected with second spring, the strut between the strut and sliding cavity wall It is slidably connected with one end far from sliding chamber with the first inclined plate or the second inclined plate, first inclined plate or the second inclined plate are equipped with limitation The mobile limited block of strut, the output shaft of the motor are equipped with drill bit, and the drill bit is equipped with telescopic fixture block.
2. a kind of profile punching apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the output shaft of the motor is equipped with solid Surely the flabellum connected.
3. a kind of profile punching apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the motor and mounting rack sliding connect It connects.
4. a kind of profile punching apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the mounting rack be located at the first collet and Position below second collet is equipped with garbage collection box.
5. a kind of profile punching apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first inclined plate and the second inclined plate position It is hinged with mounting rack in one end of cylinder, and mounting rack is equipped with the positioning pin for positioning the first inclined plate or the second inclined plate.
CN201810266327.1A 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 A kind of profile punching apparatus CN108393508B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810266327.1A CN108393508B (en) 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 A kind of profile punching apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810266327.1A CN108393508B (en) 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 A kind of profile punching apparatus

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108393508A CN108393508A (en) 2018-08-14
CN108393508B true CN108393508B (en) 2019-05-17

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810266327.1A CN108393508B (en) 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 A kind of profile punching apparatus

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Country Link
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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3871670A (en) * 1973-08-24 1975-03-18 Miles Machinery Company Chuck apparatus for clamping varied sized workpieces to be machined
CN104759521A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-07-08 张家港市塘桥华军机械厂 Profile punching device
CN105666182A (en) * 2016-03-14 2016-06-15 无为县环江铜业有限公司 Handheld drilling and clamping tool
CN107175522A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-09-19 四川利丰航空科技有限公司 A kind of clamping device
CN206689788U (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-12-01 郑州佳泰机电科技有限公司 A kind of single air-actuated jaw of lathe process

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3871670A (en) * 1973-08-24 1975-03-18 Miles Machinery Company Chuck apparatus for clamping varied sized workpieces to be machined
CN104759521A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-07-08 张家港市塘桥华军机械厂 Profile punching device
CN105666182A (en) * 2016-03-14 2016-06-15 无为县环江铜业有限公司 Handheld drilling and clamping tool
CN206689788U (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-12-01 郑州佳泰机电科技有限公司 A kind of single air-actuated jaw of lathe process
CN107175522A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-09-19 四川利丰航空科技有限公司 A kind of clamping device

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