CN108393271B - Seed dust removal drying device - Google Patents

Seed dust removal drying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108393271B
CN108393271B CN201810138726.XA CN201810138726A CN108393271B CN 108393271 B CN108393271 B CN 108393271B CN 201810138726 A CN201810138726 A CN 201810138726A CN 108393271 B CN108393271 B CN 108393271B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
device body
installation box
seed
side wall
dust removal
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201810138726.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108393271A (en
Inventor
王幼建
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Quanzhou Taiwanese Investment Zone Yipin Tea Co.,Ltd.
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Quanzhou Taiwanese Investment Zone Yipin Tea Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810138726.XA priority Critical patent/CN108393271B/en
Publication of CN108393271A publication Critical patent/CN108393271A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B7/00Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents
    • B07B7/08Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents using centrifugal force
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/06Feeding or discharging arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/08Cleaning arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/04Heating arrangements using electric heating
    • F26B23/06Heating arrangements using electric heating resistance heating

Abstract

The invention relates to a seed dedusting and drying device, wherein the upper end of a device body is connected with a feed hopper in a penetrating manner, the inner top wall of the device body is connected with an arc-shaped baffle, the inner side wall of the device body is connected with a first installation box through a first connecting rod, the inner bottom wall of the first installation box is connected with a motor and a trapezoidal block, and a rotating shaft on the motor is connected with a second installation box. This integrated configuration, the seed gets into the second install bin from the feeder hopper, under centrifugal force and cowl's effect, the seed that has dust in the second install bin is got rid of the direction to the fan housing, the clean shot that reciprocates utilizes the resistance wire that has suitable temperature to heat the seed, reduce the humidity of seed, the dust of being thrown away is extracted through the fan, get into the inside of installation cavity, filter pulp filters dust, the seed of throwing away falls to the sloping block on through the connecting plate roll-off, and the operation is simple, high durability and convenient use, and the dust removal effect is good, and drying efficiency is high.

Description

Seed dust removal drying device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a seed dedusting and drying device.
Background
In the in-process of agricultural development, the crops seed can attach a large amount of dusts when the results, impurity such as earth, in order to improve the quality of seed, need to separate these impurity and seed before the primary processing of seed, and the method that current seed primary processing was removed dust has generally adopted the manual operation mode to go on, for example the dust removal mode of throwing down high altitude, not only the unclean of earth clearance, influence the quality of seed, and manual operation's intensity of labour is big, with high costs, work efficiency is low, because of the influence of external environment factor during the results simultaneously, seed humidity is great, unsuitable storage. Therefore, a seed dust removal drying device is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a seed dust removal drying device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a seed dedusting and drying device comprises a device body, wherein the upper end of the device body is connected with a feed hopper in a through mode, the inner top wall of the device body is connected with an arc baffle plate, the inner side wall of the device body is connected with a first installation box through a first connecting rod, the inner bottom wall of the first installation box is connected with a motor and a trapezoidal block, a rotating shaft on the motor is connected with a second installation box, the side wall of the second installation box is provided with a plurality of through holes, the second installation box is positioned inside the arc baffle plate, the inner bottom wall of the second installation box is connected with a storage battery, a hollow ball is arranged inside the second installation box, the inner side wall of the hollow ball is connected with a resistance wire, the resistance wire, an external switch and the storage battery form a first series circuit, the lower end of the hollow ball is connected with the upper end of a second connecting rod, and the lower end of the second connecting rod movably, the section of the second connecting rod, which is positioned in the first installation box, is fixedly sleeved with an annular block, an annular plate is arranged in the first installation box, the annular plate is positioned above the annular block, the upper end face of the annular plate is connected with a plurality of third connecting rods, the lower end of each third connecting rod is arranged on the upper end face of the annular plate, the third connecting rods are movably sleeved with L-shaped sleeves, one end of the transverse section of each L-shaped sleeve is connected with the inner side wall of the first installation box, and springs are connected between the upper ends of the third connecting rods and the inner top walls of the L-shaped sleeves;
the inner bottom wall of the device body is connected with an inclined block, the outer side wall of the device body is connected with a connecting plate, the side wall of the device body is provided with a discharge hole matched with the connecting plate, the inner bottom wall of the device body is provided with an installation cavity, the side wall of the installation cavity, which is close to the connecting plate, is provided with a vent hole, the inner wall of the installation cavity is connected with filter cotton matched with the vent hole through a magic tape, the side wall of the device body, which is far away from the connecting plate, is connected with a fan through a connecting block, the air outlet end of the fan is in through connection with one end of an air outlet pipe, the other end of the air outlet pipe fixedly penetrates through the side wall of the installation cavity, the air inlet end of the fan is in through connection with one end of a first air inlet pipe, the side wall of the first air inlet, the other end of the fan housing is connected with a filter screen.
Preferably, the diameter of the pores on the filter screen is smaller than the diameter of the seeds.
Preferably, the lower end of the filter cotton is immersed in the water in the mounting cavity.
Preferably, the number of the combined structures of the third connecting rods is three, and the combined structures of the three third connecting rods are annularly distributed at equal intervals by taking the motor as a center.
Preferably, the included angle between the connecting plate and the side wall of the device body is 45 degrees.
Preferably, the composite structure of the hollow ball and the trapezoid blocks are four in number and are distributed annularly at equal intervals by taking the motor as the center.
Preferably, the upper end of the side wall of the first mounting box is connected with a brush.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: this integrated configuration, the seed gets into the second install bin from the feeder hopper, under centrifugal force and cowl's effect, the seed that has dust in the second install bin is got rid of the direction to the fan housing, the clean shot that reciprocates utilizes the resistance wire that has suitable temperature to heat the seed, reduce the humidity of seed, the dust of being thrown away is extracted through the fan, get into the inside of installation cavity, filter pulp filters dust, the seed of throwing away falls to the sloping block on through the connecting plate roll-off, and the operation is simple, high durability and convenient use, and the dust removal effect is good, and drying efficiency is high.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view provided by the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the structure A of the present invention.
In the figure: device body 1, feeder hopper 2, cowl 3, head rod 4, first install bin 5, motor 6, trapezoidal piece 7, second install bin 8, clean shot 9, resistance wire 10, second connecting rod 11, annular piece 12, L type sleeve 13, spring 14, third connecting rod 15, annular plate 16, sloping block 17, connecting plate 18, installation cavity 19, magic subsides 20, filter pulp 21, fan 22, outlet duct 23, first intake pipe 24, second intake pipe 25, fan housing 26, filter screen 27.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a seed dedusting and drying device comprises a device body 1, the upper end of the device body 1 is connected with a feed hopper 2 in a through mode, the inner top wall of the device body 1 is connected with an arc-shaped baffle plate 3, the inner side wall of the device body 1 is connected with a first installation box 5 through a first connecting rod 4, the upper end of the side wall of the first installation box 5 is connected with a brush, seeds are prevented from entering the inside of the first installation box 5, the inner bottom wall of the first installation box 5 is connected with a motor 6 and a trapezoidal block 7, a second installation box 8 is connected with a rotating shaft on the motor 6, a plurality of through holes are formed in the side wall of the second installation box 8, the second installation box 8 is located inside the arc-shaped baffle plate 3, a storage battery is connected onto the inner bottom wall of the second installation box 8, a hollow ball 9 is arranged inside the second installation box 8, the inner side wall of the hollow ball 9, the lower end of the hollow ball 9 is connected with the upper end of a second connecting rod 11, the lower end of the second connecting rod 11 movably penetrates through the bottom wall of a second installation box 8 and extends into the first installation box 5, a section of the second connecting rod 11, which is positioned in the first installation box 5, is fixedly sleeved with an annular block 12, the combined structure of the hollow ball 9 and the trapezoidal blocks 7 are respectively provided with four blocks, the four blocks are annularly distributed at equal intervals by taking the motor 6 as the center, the drying effect is improved, an annular plate 16 is arranged in the first installation box 5, the annular plate 16 is positioned above the annular block 12, the upper end face of the annular plate 16 is connected with a plurality of third connecting rods 15, the lower ends of the third connecting rods 15 are arranged on the annular plate 16, the third connecting rods 15 are movably sleeved with L-shaped sleeves 13, one end of the transverse section of the L-shaped sleeves 13 is connected with the inner side wall of the first installation box 5, springs 14 are connected between the upper ends of the, the three combined structures of the third connecting rods 15 are distributed in an equidistant annular manner by taking the motor 6 as a center;
the inner bottom wall of the device body 1 is connected with an oblique block 17, the outer side wall of the device body 1 is connected with a connecting plate 18, the included angle between the connecting plate 18 and the side wall of the device body 1 is 45 degrees, so that seeds can fall conveniently, the side wall of the device body 1 is provided with a discharge hole matched with the connecting plate 18, the inner bottom wall of the device body 1 is provided with an installation cavity 19, the side wall of the installation cavity 19, which is close to the connecting plate 18, is provided with a ventilation hole, the inner wall of the installation cavity 19 is connected with a filter cotton 21 matched with the ventilation hole through a magic tape 20 and is connected through the magic tape 20 so as to be convenient for replacing the filter cotton 21, the lower end of the filter cotton 21 is immersed into the water in the installation cavity 19 to improve the filtering effect on dust, the side wall of the device body 1, which is far away from the connecting plate 18, is connected with a fan 22 through, the fixed lateral wall that runs through installation cavity 19 of the other end of outlet duct 23, the air inlet end through connection of fan 22 has the one end of first intake pipe 24, the lateral wall through connection of first intake pipe 24 has the one end of second intake pipe 25, the equal activity of the other end of first intake pipe 24 and second intake pipe 25 runs through the lateral wall of device body 1 and the one end of through connection with fan housing 26, the other end of fan housing 26 is connected with filter screen 27, the diameter in hole is less than the diameter of seed on filter screen 27, prevent that the seed from getting into in the fan housing 26.
The working principle is as follows: starting a motor 6 and a fan 22, wherein the motor 6 drives a combined structure of a second mounting box 8 and a hollow ball 9 to rotate anticlockwise, when the combined structure of the hollow ball 9 rotates to the position of the trapezoidal block 7, the combined structure of the hollow ball 9 moves upwards under the inclined plane action of the trapezoidal block 7, when the combined structure of the hollow ball 9 crosses the trapezoidal block 7, the combined structure of the hollow ball 9 moves downwards to the recovery position under the action of a spring 14, the seeds enter the second mounting box 8 from a feed hopper 2, under the action of centrifugal force and an arc baffle 3, the seeds with dust in the second mounting box 8 are thrown to the direction of a wind cover 26, a resistance wire 9 moving up and down heats the seeds by utilizing a resistance wire 10 with proper temperature, the humidity of the seeds is reduced, the thrown dust is extracted by the fan 22 and enters the inside of a mounting cavity 19, and the dust is filtered by a filter cotton 21, the thrown seeds fall onto the inclined block 17 and slide out through the connecting plate 18, so that the operation is simple, the use is convenient, the dust removal effect is good, and the drying efficiency is high.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a seed dust removal drying device, includes device body (1), its characterized in that: the device is characterized in that the upper end of the device body (1) is connected with a feed hopper (2) in a through mode, the inner top wall of the device body (1) is connected with an arc-shaped baffle plate (3), the inner side wall of the device body (1) is connected with a first installation box (5) through a first connecting rod (4), the inner bottom wall of the first installation box (5) is connected with a motor (6) and a trapezoidal block (7), a rotating shaft on the motor (6) is connected with a second installation box (8), the side wall of the second installation box (8) is provided with a plurality of through holes, the second installation box (8) is positioned inside the arc-shaped baffle plate (3), the inner bottom wall of the second installation box (8) is connected with a storage battery, a hollow ball (9) is arranged inside the second installation box (8), the inner side wall of the hollow ball (9) is connected with a resistance wire (10), and the resistance wire (10, the lower end of the hollow ball (9) is connected with the upper end of a second connecting rod (11), the lower end of the second connecting rod (11) movably penetrates through the bottom wall of the second installation box (8) and extends into the first installation box (5), a section of the second connecting rod (11) positioned in the first mounting box (5) is fixedly sleeved with an annular block (12), an annular plate (16) is arranged in the first mounting box (5), the annular plate (16) is positioned above the annular block (12), the upper end surface of the annular plate (16) is connected with a plurality of third connecting rods (15), the lower end of each third connecting rod (15) is arranged on the upper end surface of the annular plate (16), the third connecting rod (15) is movably sleeved with an L-shaped sleeve (13), one end of the transverse section of the L-shaped sleeve (13) is connected with the inner side wall of the first installation box (5), a spring (14) is connected between the upper end of the third connecting rod (15) and the inner top wall of the L-shaped sleeve (13);
the device is characterized in that an inclined block (17) is connected to the inner bottom wall of the device body (1), a connecting plate (18) is connected to the outer side wall of the device body (1), a discharge hole matched with the connecting plate (18) is formed in the side wall of the device body (1), an installation cavity (19) is formed in the inner bottom wall of the device body (1), a ventilation hole is formed in the side wall, close to the connecting plate (18), of the installation cavity (19), the inner wall of the installation cavity (19) is connected with filter cotton (21) matched with the ventilation hole through a magic tape (20), the side wall, far away from the connecting plate (18), of the device body (1) is connected with a fan (22) through a connecting block, the air outlet end of the fan (22) is connected with one end of an air outlet pipe (23) in a penetrating manner, the other end of the air outlet pipe (23) is fixedly connected with the side wall of the installation, the lateral wall through connection of first intake pipe (24) has the one end of second intake pipe (25), the equal activity of the other end of first intake pipe (24) and second intake pipe (25) runs through the lateral wall of device body (1) and the one end of through connection with fan housing (26), the other end of fan housing (26) is connected with filter screen (27).
2. The seed dust removal drying device of claim 1, wherein: the diameter of the hole on the filter screen (27) is smaller than that of the seed.
3. The seed dust removal drying device of claim 1, wherein: the lower end of the filter cotton (21) is immersed in the water in the mounting cavity (19).
4. The seed dust removal drying device of claim 1, wherein: the three combined structures of the third connecting rods (15) are distributed in an equidistant annular mode by taking the motor (6) as the center.
5. The seed dust removal drying device of claim 1, wherein: the included angle between the connecting plate (18) and the side wall of the device body (1) is 45 degrees.
6. The seed dust removal drying device of claim 1, wherein: the combined structure of the hollow balls (9) and the trapezoid blocks (7) are four in number and are distributed in an equidistant annular mode by taking the motor (6) as the center.
7. The seed dust removal drying device of claim 1, wherein: the upper end of the side wall of the first installation box (5) is connected with a hairbrush.
CN201810138726.XA 2018-02-10 2018-02-10 Seed dust removal drying device Active CN108393271B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810138726.XA CN108393271B (en) 2018-02-10 2018-02-10 Seed dust removal drying device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810138726.XA CN108393271B (en) 2018-02-10 2018-02-10 Seed dust removal drying device

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CN108393271A CN108393271A (en) 2018-08-14
CN108393271B true CN108393271B (en) 2020-07-07

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114158311A (en) * 2021-12-15 2022-03-11 广东省农业科学院植物保护研究所 Seed coating device with seed coating agent recycling function and control method thereof

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KR20150068611A (en) * 2013-12-12 2015-06-22 주식회사 포스코 Separating appratus of heat storage ball
EP3061511A1 (en) * 2015-02-26 2016-08-31 Superior Industries, Inc. Aggre-dry retro-fit system
CN206563467U (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-10-17 云南经济管理学院 A kind of heavy duty detergent graininess traditional Chinese medicine drying and screening installation
CN107282504A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-24 江苏万达新能源科技股份有限公司 A kind of electrokinetic cell aluminum hull cleaning equipment of high-efficiency environment friendly
CN107321614A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-07 长兴国和新材料有限公司 A kind of dry activation device of stone flour
CN107411140A (en) * 2017-07-20 2017-12-01 盐城千之诺机械有限公司 A kind of shelled melon seed dries screening plant

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9982942B2 (en) * 2014-02-10 2018-05-29 World Dryer Corporation Dryer with universal voltage controller
US20160082478A1 (en) * 2015-06-30 2016-03-24 Otis Walton Size-separation of dry granular materials

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20150068611A (en) * 2013-12-12 2015-06-22 주식회사 포스코 Separating appratus of heat storage ball
EP3061511A1 (en) * 2015-02-26 2016-08-31 Superior Industries, Inc. Aggre-dry retro-fit system
CN206563467U (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-10-17 云南经济管理学院 A kind of heavy duty detergent graininess traditional Chinese medicine drying and screening installation
CN107411140A (en) * 2017-07-20 2017-12-01 盐城千之诺机械有限公司 A kind of shelled melon seed dries screening plant
CN107282504A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-24 江苏万达新能源科技股份有限公司 A kind of electrokinetic cell aluminum hull cleaning equipment of high-efficiency environment friendly
CN107321614A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-07 长兴国和新材料有限公司 A kind of dry activation device of stone flour

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Effective date of registration: 20200612

Address after: No.46 houxixi, Jinfeng Village, Dongyuan Town, Taishang investment district, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province

Applicant after: Quanzhou Taiwanese Investment Zone Yipin Tea Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 362400 Zhuyang village 3, Xiping Town, Anxi, Quanzhou, Fujian

Applicant before: Wang Youjian

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